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1976

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Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Marine Financing, Jon A. Lucy Oct 1976

Marine Financing, Jon A. Lucy

Reports

No abstract provided.


Parasites Of California Marine And Estuarine Fish, Milton S. Love, Mike Moser Jun 1976

Parasites Of California Marine And Estuarine Fish, Milton S. Love, Mike Moser

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

While working on the parasites of several California marine fish, it was difficult to find out which parasites had been reported from our fish. Pertinent sources were scattered over a number of journals, covering many years. We compiled this list because we felt there was a need for a single source which would give all the parasites infecting California marine fish. As "marine fish" was a somewhat vague term, we decided to use it in a broad sense and included estuarine and anadromous fish in the survey. In addition, we have included records from landlocked populations of anadromous fish, such ...


The Chromosome Constitutions Of A Hybrid Salmonid And Its Parental Types: Salmo Gairdneri And Salmo Clarki, Peter Bruce Jacky May 1976

The Chromosome Constitutions Of A Hybrid Salmonid And Its Parental Types: Salmo Gairdneri And Salmo Clarki, Peter Bruce Jacky

Dissertations and Theses

A study was undertaken to investigate the application of tissue culture and histochemical banding techniques normally used in mammalian studies to fish cells and to examine the mechanisms of chromosome evolution and speciation in salmonids by comparing the chromosomes of the hybrid to those of the parental types. The application of banding techniques was generally unsuccessful in revealing bands, though quinacrine staining did reveal the presence of two fluorescent spots in the vicinity of the centromere. These were thought to be heterochromatic blocks, possibly related to the high incidence of centric fusion or fission in salmonids. Results of chromosome analysis ...


Marine Resource Information Bulletin May-June 1976, Virginia Sea Grant, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science May 1976

Marine Resource Information Bulletin May-June 1976, Virginia Sea Grant, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Virginia Marine Resource Bulletin

No abstract provided.


Multiple Hemoglobins In Rainbow Trout, Salmo Gairdneri, And Cutthroat Trout, Salmo Clarkii, Jeffrey Carl Braman May 1976

Multiple Hemoglobins In Rainbow Trout, Salmo Gairdneri, And Cutthroat Trout, Salmo Clarkii, Jeffrey Carl Braman

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nine hemoglobins from adult rainbow trout have been isolated by starch gel electrophoresis using a Trisborate buffer system, pH 8.7. Six fast and two slow anodally migrating hemoglobins, and one slow cathodally migrating hemoglobin were observed in all specimens.

The nine hemoglobins have been purified by DEAE cellulose ion exchange chromatography followed by starch gel electrophoresis.

The subunit structure of each purified hemoglobin has been partially examined by gel electrofocusing (GEF) in .5 percent polyacrylamide gels containing 8M urea and lmM dithiothereitol (DTT). Tetrameric combinations of one, two, three, and four polypeptide chains are present.

Twelve hemoglobins have been ...


Cancer Crabs: Aids To Identification, Paul A. Haefner Jr. May 1976

Cancer Crabs: Aids To Identification, Paul A. Haefner Jr.

Reports

No abstract provided.


The Legal And Institutional Status And Potential Of Aquaculture In Rhode Island, F. B. Montague Apr 1976

The Legal And Institutional Status And Potential Of Aquaculture In Rhode Island, F. B. Montague

Theses and Major Papers

The types of aquaculture practiced in Rhode Island are divided into extensive and intensive forms. Current efforts are discussed with accompanying photographs, and depuration is presented as a means for expanding the waters available for aquaculture. To gain insight into the institutional nature for Rhode Island aquaculture, the relevant state agencies and possible required permits are outlined, along with the impact of existing state laws affecting aquaculture.


A Parasite Survey Of Common Fishes Of The Missouri River, Mitchell Gallagher Apr 1976

A Parasite Survey Of Common Fishes Of The Missouri River, Mitchell Gallagher

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

Parasite infestation of freshwater fish is encountered by the fisheries researcher and Montana fishermen alike. Frequently in the routine dressing of fish, a variety of worms or wormlike organisms will be noticed. It is not uncommon for the fisherman to recognize a certain organism repeatedly in a particular species of fish.No comprehensive parasite surveys have been published on Montana fishes. Some parasite information is available on salmoniform species in western Montana (Benson, 1961; Fox, 1962, 1965; Johnson, 1965; Mitchell, 1968; Canaris and Newell, 1969; Lockard, 1974). Three studies have also been conducted investigating particular parasites (Fox and Olson, 1965 ...


Water Resources Development Project, Saint John River Basin : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes, Maine, U.S.A. And Quebec, Canada : Design Memorandum No. 2 : Hydrology And Hydraulic Analysis, Section Iv - Lincoln School Dam-Spillway Design Flood, Department Of The Army, New England Division, Corps Of Engineers Jan 1976

Water Resources Development Project, Saint John River Basin : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes, Maine, U.S.A. And Quebec, Canada : Design Memorandum No. 2 : Hydrology And Hydraulic Analysis, Section Iv - Lincoln School Dam-Spillway Design Flood, Department Of The Army, New England Division, Corps Of Engineers

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

The first of four sections comprising Design Memo-randum No. 2. The other sections are: II - Dickey Dam - Spillway Design Flood, III - Lincoln School Dam - Spillway Design Flood and IV - Flood Analysis and Reservoir Regulation. la section I, hydro-logic studies will be confined generally to the drainage area of the Saint John River above the gaging station at Fort Kent, Maine. The purpose of section I is to present the climatological and streamflow data for the Saint John River above Fort Kent in order to establish hydrologic criteria for the design of the Dickey and Lincoln School dams.


Creel Census And Fisheries Utilization Study, Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project, Maine : For The Period 26 May 1976 To 15 August 1976, Final Report To U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, Gordon W. Russell, Richard W. Hatch, Mary J. Hosmer Jan 1976

Creel Census And Fisheries Utilization Study, Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project, Maine : For The Period 26 May 1976 To 15 August 1976, Final Report To U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, Gordon W. Russell, Richard W. Hatch, Mary J. Hosmer

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

To describe the utilization of the existing fishery resource within the project area during the summer of 1976. Information collected between Memorial Day and August 15, 1976 is used to estimate angler use of the area, total catch and economic value of angler use and to profile the user group.


Recommendations Of Alternative System Plans And Transmission Corridors For The Dickey/Lincoln School Hydroelectric Project, Vtn Environmental Sciences (Firm), Interior Jan 1976

Recommendations Of Alternative System Plans And Transmission Corridors For The Dickey/Lincoln School Hydroelectric Project, Vtn Environmental Sciences (Firm), Interior

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

This second volume of the Assessment of Alternative Power Transmission Corri-dors related to the Dickey Lincoln/School Hydroelectric Project, contains all relevant background materials to support the mapping and analysis of en-vironmental resource information. Narrative explaining what information was evaluated and the sources and reasons for its consideration are integral to this assessment.


Transmission Planning Summary : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project Transmission Studies, United States Department Of Interior Jan 1976

Transmission Planning Summary : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project Transmission Studies, United States Department Of Interior

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

This report summarizes the results of system planning, environmental, and location studies for transmission facilities associated with the proposed Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project in northern Maine. The studies recommend the construction of two 345-kV transmission circuits from a substation near the project along a route through western Maine into northern New Hampshire and Vermont. The plan will integrate the power produced by the project into the New England Power Pool Transmission System. Five alternate integration plans were identified and studied. Of the five plans, the recommended plan, which calls for the lines to be suspended from a single row of ...


Terrestrial Ecology Of The Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project, Corps Of Engineers, New England Division, Environmental Research & Technology, Inc Jan 1976

Terrestrial Ecology Of The Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project, Corps Of Engineers, New England Division, Environmental Research & Technology, Inc

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

This introduction of the St. John River watershed is situated in a transitional zone between the Boreal Forest Formation and the Eastern Deciduous Forest Formation. Second-growth forests representative of these two ecosystems cover extensive areas of the project site. The boreal forest forms a broad transcontinental belt in northern North America and Eurasia, with southern montane extensions. This northern forest is characterized by evergreen, coniferous trees, predominately spruce-fir The eastern deciduous forest, composed of broad-leaved hardwoods, extends throughout the eastern United States except Florida (Dasmann, 1968; Oosting, 1956).


Recommendations Of Alternative System Plans And Transmission Corridors For The Dickey/Lincoln School Hydroelectric Project, Vtn Environmental Sciences (Firm), Interior Jan 1976

Recommendations Of Alternative System Plans And Transmission Corridors For The Dickey/Lincoln School Hydroelectric Project, Vtn Environmental Sciences (Firm), Interior

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

The regional scope of this study (a three state area of approximately 33,000 square miles) necessitated an initial investigation to determine what data was available. Known and potential sources of data were identified through the use of the Environmental Data Reconnaissance Report* prepared by Comitta Frederick Associates for the United States Depart-ment of the Interior in March 1976. The collected data was then analyzed for its accuracy, reliability, mappability and compatibility with the scope of this study.


[Letter From New England Regional Director To Division Engineer, New England Division, U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers], U.S. Fish And Wildlife Service Jan 1976

[Letter From New England Regional Director To Division Engineer, New England Division, U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers], U.S. Fish And Wildlife Service

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

The results of appraisals conducted jointly by this Service, the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, and your agency concerning bald eagle, osprey, peregrine falcon, and great blue heron.


Fact Sheet : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes, Maine, New England Division, United States Army Corps Of Engineers Jan 1976

Fact Sheet : Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes, Maine, New England Division, United States Army Corps Of Engineers

Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Project

The purpose of the proposed Dickey-Lincoln School Lakes Hydroelectric Project is to convert the natural energy of the upper St. John River in northern Maine for use as a source of electricity to meet future needs of New England consumers.


Fishes Of The Cane Creek Watershed In Southeast Missouri And Northeast Arkansas, Bruce E. Yeager, John K. Beadles Jan 1976

Fishes Of The Cane Creek Watershed In Southeast Missouri And Northeast Arkansas, Bruce E. Yeager, John K. Beadles

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

A survey of the fishes of Cane Creek in southeast Missouri and northeast Arkansas was made between 25 August 1974 and 16 July 1975. Field collections, literature records, fisherman reports, and museum specimens showed the fishes of Cane Creek to be composed of 90 species distributed among 20 families. Records of Lampetra aepyptera (Abbott), Hiodon alosoides (Rafinesque), Etheostoma histrio Jordan and Gilbert, and Percina uranidea (Jordan and Gilbert) were either the first records of these species in this stream or reaffirmed their presence. The fish collected were common to the Ozark, Ozark lowland, lowland, and wide-ranging faunal groups of Pflieger ...


Macrobenthos Population Changes In Crystal Lake, Arkansas, Subsequent To Cage Culture Fish, James C. Adams, Raj V. Kilambi, William A. Wickizer, Arthur V. Brown Jan 1976

Macrobenthos Population Changes In Crystal Lake, Arkansas, Subsequent To Cage Culture Fish, James C. Adams, Raj V. Kilambi, William A. Wickizer, Arthur V. Brown

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

A three-year study was conducted to determine the possible effects of cage culture of fish on the environment of Crystal Lake, Arkansas. The investigation consisted of three periods: pre- (November 1971-October 1972), during- (November 1972-October 1973), and post- (November 1973-October 1974) cage culture. Numbers and biomass of benthos per square meter for pre-, during-, and post-culture periods were 1353 (10.0g), 730 (8.8g), and 1028 (4.1g), respectively. Numerically, Chaoborus sp., Chironomidae, and Oligochaeta comprised more than 97%. Chaoborus was the most numerous organism before fish culture (>68%), but dominance shifted to the Oligochaeta (>58%) after culture.


Fishes Of The Fourche River In Northcentral Arkansas, Steve M. Bounds, John K. Beadles Jan 1976

Fishes Of The Fourche River In Northcentral Arkansas, Steve M. Bounds, John K. Beadles

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

A survey of the fishes of Fourche River in northcentral Arkansas was made between June 1974 and March 1976. Field collections and literature records revealed that the river system was inhabited by 94 species of fish representing 21 families. The collected fishes represent both the Ozark and the lowland faunal groups. Fourteen species of Etheostoma and four species of Percina were collected. The records of Etheostoma asprigene and Elassoma zonatum represent extensions of the previously known ranges of these species within the state. Noturus gyrinus and Etheostoma histrio were recorded from the Black River system in Arkansas for the first ...


Body Fluid Solutes Of Juveniles And Adults Of The Euryhaline Bull Shark Carcharhinus Leucas From Freshwater And Saline Environments, Thomas B. Thorson, C. Michael Cowan, Donald E. Watson Jan 1976

Body Fluid Solutes Of Juveniles And Adults Of The Euryhaline Bull Shark Carcharhinus Leucas From Freshwater And Saline Environments, Thomas B. Thorson, C. Michael Cowan, Donald E. Watson

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Since the discovery of the phenomenally high urea content of the body fluids of cartilaginous fishes by Staedeler and Frerichs (1858), the unique osmoregulatory system of this vertebrate class has been studied by many investigators. In broad outline, the mechanisms are essentially similar in all three of the major subtaxa: the selachians, the batoids, and the holocephalans. A single exception is the genus Potamotrygon (fresh-water stingrays of South America and Africa), which has apparently lost the ability to concentrate urea even when transferred to salt water.


Rectal Glands Of Marine And Fresh-Water Sharks: Comparative Histology, Mikio Oguri Jan 1976

Rectal Glands Of Marine And Fresh-Water Sharks: Comparative Histology, Mikio Oguri

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

The rectal glands of elasmobranchs perform the function of salt-excreting organs. These glands are smaller and show regressive changes in specimens of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, found in fresh-water environment, compared with specimens of this and other species from a marine habitat.


Studio Istochimico Comparato Della Ghiandoia Digitiforme Rettale Di Selaci Marini E Di Acqua Dolce, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Gian Franco De Stefano Jan 1976

Studio Istochimico Comparato Della Ghiandoia Digitiforme Rettale Di Selaci Marini E Di Acqua Dolce, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Gian Franco De Stefano

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

La ghiandola reHale dei Selaci secerne notevoli quantita eli elettroliti: I'inelagine istomorfologica e istochimica puo consentire eli documentare I'('sistenza eli elispositivi strutturali e di potenzialita metaboliche collegabili con I'accumulo e la liberazione eli energia utilizzabile per un trasporto ionico attivo, fenomeno che appare alIa base deIl'attivita della ghiandola.


Aspetti Della Ghiandola Rettale E Della Regolazione Osmoticain Selaci Marini E D' Acqua Dolce, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Maria Victoria Gervaso, Gian Francis De Stefano Jan 1976

Aspetti Della Ghiandola Rettale E Della Regolazione Osmoticain Selaci Marini E D' Acqua Dolce, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Maria Victoria Gervaso, Gian Francis De Stefano

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

In continuazione di ricerche giil pubblicate (GERZELI G., 1967 - 1st. Lombardo Rend. Sc., BIOI: 117 ; GERZELI F. e DE STEFANO G. F., 1968 - Cony. Soc. Ital. Anat.) l'indagine istomorfologica e istochimica sulla ghiandola rettale c stata estes a ad altre specie, integrandola con alcuni dati ehimici su costituenti plasmatici. Sinora sono state esaminate Ie seguenti specie: Scylliorhinus stellaris, Galeus melastomus, Torpedo marmorata, Raja asterias (del Mar Tirreno); Galeorhinus zyopterus (dell'Oceano Pacifico orientale) ; Carcharhinus leucas (del Mar dei Caraibi e del Lago di Nicaragua) ; Pristis perotteti (del Lago di Nicaragua) ; Potamotrygon brachiurus (del Rio Uuruguay).


The Rectal Gland In Relation To The Osmoregulatory Mechanisms Of Marine And Freshwater Elasmobranchs, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Gian Franco De Stefano, Lorenzo Bolognani, Kurt W. Koenig, Maria Victoria Gervaso, Maria Fausta Omodeo-Salé Jan 1976

The Rectal Gland In Relation To The Osmoregulatory Mechanisms Of Marine And Freshwater Elasmobranchs, Giuseppe Gerzeli, Gian Franco De Stefano, Lorenzo Bolognani, Kurt W. Koenig, Maria Victoria Gervaso, Maria Fausta Omodeo-Salé

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

The rectal gland of elasmobranchs secretes large quantities of electrolytes and is of primary importance in the osmoregulatory mechanisms of these animals (Burger and Hess, 1960; Burger, 1962). Analogously, various organs of other vertebrates are also known to be involved in salt secretion (Schmidt-Nielsen, 1965; Bonting, 1970; Bentley, 1971). In general, active ion transport is the basis of this phenomenon; in any case, it requires the presence of structural devices, morphologically and chemically well defined, and of metabolic capabilities which, taken singly, are not specific, but collectively are consistent with active ion transport and salt secretion.


Helminths From Elasmobranchs In Central American Fresh Waters, Donald E. Watson, Thomas B. Thorson Jan 1976

Helminths From Elasmobranchs In Central American Fresh Waters, Donald E. Watson, Thomas B. Thorson

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Five species of monogeneans and 14 species of cestodes are reported from two elasmobranch species in fresh waters of Guatemala, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Monogeneans from the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas (Muller and Henle, 1841), are: Dermophthirius maccallumi n. sp. (Microbothriidae); Heteronchocotyle leucas Hargis, 1955 and Erpocotyle carcharhini n. sp. (Hexabothriidae). Cestodes from the bull shark are: Phyllobothrium lactuca van Beneden, 1850, P. leuci n. sp., P. nicaraguensis n. sp., Anthobothrium cornucopia van Beneden, 1850, A. laciniatum Linton, 1890 (Phyllobothriidae): Platybothrium hypoprioni Potter, 1937, Phoreiobothrium triloculatum Linton, 1901 (Onchobothriidae); Cathetocephalus thatcheri Dailey and Overstreet, 1973 (Cathetocephalidae); Dasyrhynchus variouncinnatus (Linton, 1924 ...


Observations On The Reproduction Of The Sawfish, Pristis Perotteti, In Lake Nicaragua, With Recommendations For Its Conservation, Thomas B. Thorson Jan 1976

Observations On The Reproduction Of The Sawfish, Pristis Perotteti, In Lake Nicaragua, With Recommendations For Its Conservation, Thomas B. Thorson

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

The presently known pristiform fauna of the western Atlantic consists of only two species, one each of Fowler's (1941) subgenera, Pristis and Pristiopsis. The former, characterized by the absence of a subcaudal lobe on the caudal fin, is represented by Pristis pectinatus; the latter, in which the subcaudal lobe is present, by Pristis perotteti. Although several features readily separate the two species, they can most easily be distinguished by the more slender rostrum of P. pectinatus and its larger number of rostral teeth, 24 to 32 on each side, as compared with 14 to 20 in P. perotteti (Thorson ...


Sexual Dimorphism In Number Of Rostral Teeth Of The Sawfish, Pristis Perotteti Miiller And Henle, 1841, Thomas B. Thorson Jan 1976

Sexual Dimorphism In Number Of Rostral Teeth Of The Sawfish, Pristis Perotteti Miiller And Henle, 1841, Thomas B. Thorson

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Rostral tooth counts were made of 211 sawfish (Pristis perotteti) from the Lake Nicaragua-Rio San Juan System. The number of teeth is established early in development and it changes only on accidental loss of teeth, which are not replaced. The average number on the left side is equal to that on the right, but in individuals, either side may have as many as three more teeth than the other. Female tooth counts average 15.94 per side and range from 14 to 18, while males average 18.00 with a range of 16 to 20. Within litters, this dimorphism is ...


Index Of Scientific Names Jan 1976

Index Of Scientific Names

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Index of scientific names in Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes.


The Midas Cichlid In Nicaragua, George W. Barlow Jan 1976

The Midas Cichlid In Nicaragua, George W. Barlow

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Cichlasoma citrinellum (Gunther), the Midas cichlid, is the most important food fish in the Great Lakes Basin of Nicaragua. It occurs in the majority of the lakes, where it is the most ubiquitous cichlid fish, but it is uncommon in the rivers. The fry are carnivorous while the juveniles and adults are omnivorous, eating mostly Aufwuchs, snails, and fish. The Midas cichlids suffer from a number of diseases in nature and in the laboratory, including lymphocystis and nocardiosis. Potential predators vary from sharks and sawfish in Lake Nicaragua, to just one cichlid relative in one crater lake; in Lake Managua ...


The Red Devil-Midas-Arrow Cichlid Species Complex In Nicaragua, George W. Barlow, John W. Munsey Jan 1976

The Red Devil-Midas-Arrow Cichlid Species Complex In Nicaragua, George W. Barlow, John W. Munsey

Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes

Within this group (section Amphilophus) of Nicaraguan cichlid fishes, we recognize two of the eight named species, Cichlasoma labiatum (Günther) and C. citrinellum (Günther). A new species from Lake Apoyo, C. zaliosum Barlow, is described. The red devil cichlid (C. labiatum) occurs only in the Great Lakes, but the Midas cichlid (C. citrinellum) is found in most of the surrounding lakes as well, and also in Costa Rica; where the two species are sympatric they differ most from one another. In Lakes Masaya and Jiloá some individuals of C. citrinellum show features of C. labiatum, apparently as a result of ...