Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

2014

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 77

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effects Of Milk, Pasteurized Milk, And Milk Replacer On Health And Productivity Of Dairy Calves, Lindsey E. Hulbert, Sophia A. Trombetta, Jere A. Noel, Sonia J. Moisa Jan 2014

Effects Of Milk, Pasteurized Milk, And Milk Replacer On Health And Productivity Of Dairy Calves, Lindsey E. Hulbert, Sophia A. Trombetta, Jere A. Noel, Sonia J. Moisa

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Our objectives were to determine the health and blood parameters before, during, and after weaning of 114 Holstein heifers fed either accelerated milk replacer (MR; 28% CP, 18% fat) or non-saleable milk (3.59 ± 0.28% true protein; 4.12 ± 0.37% fat) that was either pasteurized (PM) or raw (RM; refrigerated and fed <24 h after collection). Calves were randomly assigned to feeding treatments at birth. Colostrum (1 L) was fed less than 14 hours after birth (MR and PM = pasteurized colostrum; RM = raw colostrum). All calves were bottle-fed 1.8 ± 0.20 L, 3 times daily; all calves were provided fresh water and grain ad libitum throughout the experiment. Calves began step-down weaning at age 5 weeks and completed weaning at age 6 weeks. Blood samples were collected at ages 3, 5, and 7 weeks and were analyzed for complete blood counts (CBC) using a Procyte Idexx Analyzer (IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, ME). Fecal scores were observed twice daily, on a 1 to 3 scale (FS1 = normal, FS2 = loose, FS3 = scours). Results showed that MR-fed calves had more (P < 0.01) observations (%obs) with FS > 2 than the PM- and RM-fed calves (2.3 vs. 1.6 and 1.7 ± 0.2 %obs, respectively). In addition, there were no differences in body weight or shoulder or hip height between treatments, but a treatment x week interaction (P = 0.05) occurred for ...


Yeast Product Supplementation Influences Feeding Behavior And Measures Of Immune Function In Transition Dairy Cows, Kai Yuan, Mary Beth Muckey, Luis Mendonca, Lindsey E. Hulbert Jan 2014

Yeast Product Supplementation Influences Feeding Behavior And Measures Of Immune Function In Transition Dairy Cows, Kai Yuan, Mary Beth Muckey, Luis Mendonca, Lindsey E. Hulbert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Yeast supplementation has been shown to increase feed intake and production in some studies with early lactation dairy cows, but the mechanisms underlying this effect remain unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of supplementing a yeast product derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on production, feeding behavior, and immune function in cows during the transition to lactation. When fed for 3 weeks before calving through 6 weeks after calving, supplementation altered feeding behavior as well as responsiveness to vaccination and gut immunoglobulin secretion. Results suggest that yeast products can modulate several aspects of immune function and promote ...


Milking Time During Periods Of Heat Stress: Part Of The Solution Or Part Of The Problem?, L. Rocha, Lindsey E. Hulbert, Filippe Scortegagna, Benjamin Voelz, L. Mendonca Jan 2014

Milking Time During Periods Of Heat Stress: Part Of The Solution Or Part Of The Problem?, L. Rocha, Lindsey E. Hulbert, Filippe Scortegagna, Benjamin Voelz, L. Mendonca

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Milking time may be a stressful event for lactating dairy cows during summer. Increases in body temperatures because of crowding in the milk parlor holding pen may contribute to increased heat stress. The objective of this extension project was to evaluate the effectiveness of heat stress abatement in milking facilities from two Kansas commercial dairies. Vaginal temperatures at milking were lower than vaginal temperatures before milking in one of the dairies. The lower vaginal temperatures at milking, however, were not observed in the other dairy at all milkings, likely because of differences in efficacy of heat abatement strategies. Milking facilities ...


Luteolysis And Pregnancy Outcomes After Change In Dose Delivery Of Prostaglandin F2Α In A 5-Day Timed Artificial Insemination Program In Dairy Cows, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, Stephanie Leeann Pulley, Scott L. Hill Jan 2014

Luteolysis And Pregnancy Outcomes After Change In Dose Delivery Of Prostaglandin F2Α In A 5-Day Timed Artificial Insemination Program In Dairy Cows, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, Stephanie Leeann Pulley, Scott L. Hill

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three experiments were conducted to determine if a larger dose of prostaglandin F2α (PG) administered on day 6 of a 5-day Ovsynch timed artificial insemination (AI) program would induce regression of the corpus luteum to facilitate AI and pregnancy outcomes similar to a traditional 5-day program with two doses of PG. When applying a 5-day program, cows that ovulate in response to the first GnRH injection have a new corpus luteum (CL) that is 2 days younger when PG is administered in a 5- versus 7-day program. To regress successfully the younger CL, a second injection of PG must be ...


Preliminary Studies On In Situ Monitoring Of Lactose Crystallization Using Focused Beam Reflectance Measurement, Karthik Pandalaneni, Jayendra K. Amamcharla Jan 2014

Preliminary Studies On In Situ Monitoring Of Lactose Crystallization Using Focused Beam Reflectance Measurement, Karthik Pandalaneni, Jayendra K. Amamcharla

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Isothermal crystallization of lactose was studied at supersaturated concentrations (w/w) of 50%, 55%, and 60% at temperatures 20ºC and 30ºC using an in situ system, focused beam reflectance measurement (FBRM), and a refractometer. The FBRM data were compared with Brix readings taken over time using a refractometer during isothermal crystallization. Chord length distribution obtained from FBRM in the ranges of <50 μm (fine crystals) and 50 to 300 μm (coarse crystals) were observed and evaluated in relation to the extent of crystallization and rate constant results deduced from the refractometer measurements. The measured fine crystal counts increased with supersaturated concentration and temperature during isothermal crystallization. On the other hand, coarse counts were observed to increase with decreasing supersaturated concentration and temperature. The total crystal counts (coarse + fine crystals) obtained from FBRM increased as the temperature increased at all concentrations. The robustness of FBRM in understanding isothermal lactose crystallization at various concentrations and temperatures was successfully evaluated in the study.; Dairy Day, 2014, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 2014; Dairy Research, 2014 is known as Dairy Day, 2014


Director's Report Of Research In Kansas 2014, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station Jan 2014

Director's Report Of Research In Kansas 2014, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This report contains the title, author, and publication information for manuscripts published by station scientists.


Field Day 2014, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station And Cooperative Extension Service Jan 2014

Field Day 2014, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station And Cooperative Extension Service

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Each Field Day report consists of individual research reports on topics specific to the region, including cultural methods for most of the major crops grown in Kansas, mitigating the effects of weeds, insects, and disease associated with those crops, and irrigation. Research is conducted and reports written by staff of the K-State Research and Extension Southwest Research Extension Center.


Evaluation Of Ammoniated Wheat Straw In Receiving And Growing Diets, E. R. Schlegel, S. P. Montgomery, J. W. Waggoner, C. I. Vahl, W. R. Hollenbeck, B. E. Oleen, D. A. Blasi Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Ammoniated Wheat Straw In Receiving And Growing Diets, E. R. Schlegel, S. P. Montgomery, J. W. Waggoner, C. I. Vahl, W. R. Hollenbeck, B. E. Oleen, D. A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Drought conditions in the past have created a shortage of prairie hay and other grass hays that are used as roughage sources for growing beef diets. Ammoniated wheat straw historically has been available for purchase at a lower than prairie hay. Although some research has been conducted using ammoniated wheat straw as a feedstuff for mature cows, little information is available on the use and outcome its inclusion in beef cattle receiving and growing diets. Our objective was to compare the performance outcomes of newly arrived and growing calves fed total mixed rations containing either ammoniated wheat straw, wheat straw ...


High-Dose Anabolic Implants Are Not All The Same For Growth And Carcass Traits Of Feedlot, Christopher D. Reinhardt Jan 2014

High-Dose Anabolic Implants Are Not All The Same For Growth And Carcass Traits Of Feedlot, Christopher D. Reinhardt

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The beneficial effects of anabolic implants with respect to feedlot performance and carcass weight are nearly unequivocal. Although individual prospective studies may have concluded that there are no significant differences between implant dosages, modern production economics demand that any differences, however small, must be gleaned if they are real. The objective of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of existing data from peer-reviewed as well as industry sources to compare the effects of different doses of anabolic implants on feedlot performance and carcass traits of steers.


Performance And Health Effects Of Zuprevo 18% In Newly Received, Highly Stressed Beef Cattle, Ethan R. Schlegel, Dale A. Blasi, William R. Hollenbeck, Brandon E. Oleen, David G. Renter, Mark F. Spire Jan 2014

Performance And Health Effects Of Zuprevo 18% In Newly Received, Highly Stressed Beef Cattle, Ethan R. Schlegel, Dale A. Blasi, William R. Hollenbeck, Brandon E. Oleen, David G. Renter, Mark F. Spire

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to determine the health and performance effects of Zuprevo 18% (tildipirosin, 4 mg/kg body weight) during a 42-day backgrounding period when administered to high-risk transported cattle within 24 hours after arrival.


Relationships Between Docility And Reproduction In Angus Heifers, Kari L. White, Jennifer M. Bormann, K. C. Olson, John R. Jaeger, Sandra K. Johnson, B. Downey, David M. Grieger, Justin W. Waggoner, Daniel W. Moser, Robert L. Weaber Jan 2014

Relationships Between Docility And Reproduction In Angus Heifers, Kari L. White, Jennifer M. Bormann, K. C. Olson, John R. Jaeger, Sandra K. Johnson, B. Downey, David M. Grieger, Justin W. Waggoner, Daniel W. Moser, Robert L. Weaber

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Reproductive success is relevant in beef cattle operations because income generated by the sale of calves is often a large portion of an operation's income. Selecting for fertility is difficult because it is influenced by a variety of factors. Temperament could be a factor affecting fertility. Physiological responses associated with temperament can influence the probability of cows becoming pregnant because stress hormones in the bloodstream can negatively affect the release of reproductive hormones. Methods have been developed to assess temperament in cattle. Exit velocity measures the time it takes for an animal to cover a predetermined distance after vacating ...


Genetic Relationships Among Temperament, Immune Function, And Carcass Merit, Kerri E. Bates, Robert L. Weaber, Jennifer M. Bormann, Daniel W. Moser, J. L. Salak-Johnson, C. C.L. Chase, R. K. Peel, H. Van Campen, G. H. Loneragan, J. J. Wagner Jan 2014

Genetic Relationships Among Temperament, Immune Function, And Carcass Merit, Kerri E. Bates, Robert L. Weaber, Jennifer M. Bormann, Daniel W. Moser, J. L. Salak-Johnson, C. C.L. Chase, R. K. Peel, H. Van Campen, G. H. Loneragan, J. J. Wagner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Cattle producers historically have selected for docile temperaments simply for management convenience because calmer animals are conducive to safe environments for their peers as well as their handlers. As many producers would acknowledge, there seems to be a relationship between temperament and health, and calmer cattle tend to frequent the working chute for treatment of disease less often. Positive correlations have been found in cattle between temperament traits (chute scores, pen scores, and chute exit velocities) and cortisol concentration in the blood, suggesting that more excitable cattle are easily stressed (Curley et al., 2006; Cooke et al., 2009). In addition ...


Effects Of Optaflexx Alone Or In Combination With Bovantage On The Performance And Carcass Merit Of Finishing Heifers, James S. Drouillard, Cadra L. Van Bibber-Krueger, K. A. Miller Jan 2014

Effects Of Optaflexx Alone Or In Combination With Bovantage On The Performance And Carcass Merit Of Finishing Heifers, James S. Drouillard, Cadra L. Van Bibber-Krueger, K. A. Miller

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Beta agonists, including Optaflexx (Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN), are now routinely fed to finishing cattle as a means of increasing carcass weight and efficiency of carcass weight gain during the final 20 to 42 days on feed. BoVantage, a product recently introduced by Kent Nutrition Group (Muscatine, IA) for use in feedlot cattle, has been observed to improve efficiency of gain late in the finishing phase. This study was conducted to determine if the actions of BoVantage and Optaflexx are synergistic.


Variation In Timed Artificial Insemination Pregnancy Rates In Specific Groups Of Suckled, Scott L. Hill, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 2014

Variation In Timed Artificial Insemination Pregnancy Rates In Specific Groups Of Suckled, Scott L. Hill, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Insemination of beef cows at a predetermined time is a management tool to reduce labor costs associated with conventional heat detection available to cattle producers. Multiple research trials have examined the timing of the administration of the individual components of the developed protocols associated with timed artificial insemination (TAI). In the current research, we examined various classifications of postpartum beef cows and analyzed their reproductive performance when submitted to TAI protocols. The 7-day CO-Synch + controlled internal drug release (CIDR) insert protocol and the 5-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol have been shown to effectively initiate ovulation in cycling and non-cycling suckled beef ...


Electrostatic Spray Cabinet Evaluation To Verify Uniform Delivery Of Chemical And Biological Solutions To Pre-Chilled Meat Animal Carcasses, Randall C. Phebus, Nicholas J. Sevart, Nicholas W. Baumann, Randall K. Phebus Jan 2014

Electrostatic Spray Cabinet Evaluation To Verify Uniform Delivery Of Chemical And Biological Solutions To Pre-Chilled Meat Animal Carcasses, Randall C. Phebus, Nicholas J. Sevart, Nicholas W. Baumann, Randall K. Phebus

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are a group of bacteria that cause an estimated 265,000 illnesses, 3,600 hospitalizations, and 30 deaths annually in the United States. STEC are frequently associated with raw or undercooked meat products, prompting the beef industry to develop and apply various antimicrobial intervention technologies during processing operations. The application of chemical antimicrobials to carcasses and fabricated cuts using an electrostatic spray (ESS) system (Figure 1) offers several potential advantages for controlling disease-causing pathogens, including enhanced chemical deposition (coverage) profiles, reduced overspray wastage of foodgrade antimicrobials, and reduced water requirements. The objectives of this study ...


Aging Premium Choice Chuck Rolls For Minimal Days Maximizes Color Stability And Extends Retail Display Life, C. M. Garner, John A. Unruh, Melvin C. Hunt, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, Terry A. Houser Jan 2014

Aging Premium Choice Chuck Rolls For Minimal Days Maximizes Color Stability And Extends Retail Display Life, C. M. Garner, John A. Unruh, Melvin C. Hunt, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, Terry A. Houser

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Subprimals can be stored in a vacuum package for extended periods of time. The number of days that subprimals may be held before processing can be influenced by the distribution chain, accessibility, and subprimal price fluctuations. Extended vacuum storage before grinding could affect biochemical, oxidative, and microbial properties of these subprimals and influence their color stability. Our objective was to determine the effects of two subprimal types (chuck roll and knuckle), two quality grades (Premium Choice and Select), and three vacuum-packaged storage aging times before processing (7, 21, and 42 days) on ground beef patty display color stability.


Increasing Postmortem Aging Time Decreases Color And Flavor Stability Of Top Sirloin Steaks, Garret J. Dietz, Terry A. Houser, Bryce M. Gerlach, Koushik Adhikari, John M. Gonzalez, John A. Unruh Jan 2014

Increasing Postmortem Aging Time Decreases Color And Flavor Stability Of Top Sirloin Steaks, Garret J. Dietz, Terry A. Houser, Bryce M. Gerlach, Koushik Adhikari, John M. Gonzalez, John A. Unruh

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Top sirloin butts are commonly blade-tenderized to significantly increase tenderness, but minimal data have shown the relationship between blade tenderization and color stability as well as the effect of extended postmortem aging periods past 30 days on color stability. Tenderness plays a significant role in consumer satisfaction with beef products, and blade tenderization and extended postmortem aging periods are effective ways to ensure that beef cuts are tender. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to: (1) determine color and flavor stability of beef gluteus medius during extended postmortem aging times with and without mechanical tenderization, and (2) determine the ...


Effects Of Media Type On Shiga Toxigenic E. Coli Growth Patterns, Nicholas W. Baumann, Nicholas J. Sevart, Minto Michael, Donka T. Milke, G. Lewis, R. Moxley, Randall K. Phebus Jan 2014

Effects Of Media Type On Shiga Toxigenic E. Coli Growth Patterns, Nicholas W. Baumann, Nicholas J. Sevart, Minto Michael, Donka T. Milke, G. Lewis, R. Moxley, Randall K. Phebus

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Escherichia coli O157:H7 was declared to be an adulterant in raw ground beef in 1994 by the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service following a large and deadly foodborne disease outbreak in the Pacific Northwest involving undercooked hamburgers sold at Jack-in-the-Box restaurants. Due to their recognition as significant human foodborne pathogens, six additional strains (serotypes) of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) were also deemed to be adulterants in raw beef products in 2012. The beef processing industry has worked diligently since the mid-1990s to control the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in finished raw ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Transport Media On Shiga Toxin-Producing E. Coli Serotypes, Nicholas W. Baumann, A. West, Randall K. Phebus Jan 2014

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Transport Media On Shiga Toxin-Producing E. Coli Serotypes, Nicholas W. Baumann, A. West, Randall K. Phebus

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One of the key issues involved in accurately testing beef and the environment for the presence of specific bacteria, particularly pathogens such as Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), is maintaining the viability of the microorganisms when transporting samples from the field to the laboratory. This process may take up to three days when considering collection, shipping and laboratory preparation times. Allowing the target bacteria to increase or decrease in numbers during transit is undesirable, so samples must be kept chilled and the media used for transport must offer a stable but non-nutritive environment. Three commonly used non-selective transport media were ...


Comparison Of Conventional And Alltech Beef Pn Finishing Programs: Meat Water-Holding Capacity And Tenderness, Kelsey Phelps, K. A. Miller, Cadra L. Van Bibber-Krueger, J. Jennings, Brandon E. Depenbusch, James S. Drouillard, John M. Gonzalez Jan 2014

Comparison Of Conventional And Alltech Beef Pn Finishing Programs: Meat Water-Holding Capacity And Tenderness, Kelsey Phelps, K. A. Miller, Cadra L. Van Bibber-Krueger, J. Jennings, Brandon E. Depenbusch, James S. Drouillard, John M. Gonzalez

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Tenderness, juiciness, and flavor play important roles in a satisfactory beef eating experience. All three factors can be affected by management decisions made by producers during the production of beef. Beef producers currently use a multitude of production programs that utilize feed additives such as Rumensin or Tylan (Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN), and growth promotants such as implants and Optaflexx (Elanco Animal Health). Rumensin and Tylan are fed in combination to improve feedlot performance, whereas growth promotants improve feed efficiency, average daily gain, hot carcass weight, and yield grades of carcasses. Although the use of feed additives and growth ...


Effects Of Diet Bulk Density On Mixing Uniformity, Lori L. Thomas, Charles R. Stark, C H. Fahrenholtz, Kyle F. Coble, S Hayashi, Marut Saensukjaroenphon, Jason C. Woodworth, Robert D. Goodband Jan 2014

Effects Of Diet Bulk Density On Mixing Uniformity, Lori L. Thomas, Charles R. Stark, C H. Fahrenholtz, Kyle F. Coble, S Hayashi, Marut Saensukjaroenphon, Jason C. Woodworth, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to determine how the time required to create a uniformly mixed batch of feed is influenced by diets that differ in bulk density. Three 60-lb batches of a corn-soybean meal–based diet (high bulk density) or a high-fiber diet (low bulk density) containing 30% dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGS), and 19% wheat midds were prepared. The ingredients for each batch were placed in a 60-lb capacity experimental double-ribbon mixer with all batches containing 0.35% table salt. Ten samples were obtained from different parts of the mixer for each batch of feed ...


Effects Of Electrostatic Particle Ionization On Air Quality, Emissions, And Growth Performance Of Pigs Housed In A Thermo-Regulated Facility, Jon A. De Jong, Korrin N. Card, Joel M. Derouchey, M Baumgartner, Peter J. Tomlinson Jan 2014

Effects Of Electrostatic Particle Ionization On Air Quality, Emissions, And Growth Performance Of Pigs Housed In A Thermo-Regulated Facility, Jon A. De Jong, Korrin N. Card, Joel M. Derouchey, M Baumgartner, Peter J. Tomlinson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two identical 200-head nurseries at the Kansas State University Segregated Early Weaning Facility were used for 5 consecutive all-in, all-out groups to determine the effect of electrostatic particle ionization (EPI) on air quality, emissions, and growth performance of pigs housed in a thermo-regulated facility. During five 6-wk periods (13 to 51 lb BW), the EPI system was used in one barn for a complete group and then used in the other barn for the next group. At the beginning of each 6-wk trial period, pigs were randomly allotted to pens based on average pig weight. Air measurements and pig growth ...


Effects Of Wheat Source And Particle Size In Pelleted Diets On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Caloric Efficiency, And Carcass Characteristics, Jon A. De Jong, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Chad B. Paulk, Jason C. Woodworth, Cassandra K. Jones, Charles R. Stark, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2014

Effects Of Wheat Source And Particle Size In Pelleted Diets On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Caloric Efficiency, And Carcass Characteristics, Jon A. De Jong, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Chad B. Paulk, Jason C. Woodworth, Cassandra K. Jones, Charles R. Stark, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 576 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 96 lb BW) from 2 consecutive finishing groups were used to determine the effects of wheat source and particle size of pelleted diets on finishing pig growth performance, caloric efficiency, and carcass characteristics. Pigs were allotted randomly to pens upon entry into the finisher. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial BW and randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments with 12 replications per treatment and 8 pigs per pen in two groups of finisher pigs. The experimental diets all had the same wheat-soybean meal formulation, with the 6 ...


Effects Of Different Feed Mills And Conditioning Temperature Of Pelleted Diets On Nursery Pig Performance And Feed Preference From 14 To 50 Lb, Jon A. De Jong, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz Jan 2014

Effects Of Different Feed Mills And Conditioning Temperature Of Pelleted Diets On Nursery Pig Performance And Feed Preference From 14 To 50 Lb, Jon A. De Jong, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 644 pigs (PIC 1050 or 327 × 1050, initial BW~14 lb) were used in 3 experiments to determine possible explanations for poorer pig performance in previous studies with pigs fed pelleted diets compared with those fed meal diets. Therefore, we examined feed pelleted from different mills as well as conditioning temperature as factors influencing our previous results. In Experiment 1, pens of pigs were randomly allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments with 10 pens per treatment and 7 pigs per pen. The 3 dietary treatments used the identical corn-soybean meal–based formulation and were mixed ...


Effects Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Level In Diets Containing Tribasic Copper Chloride On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Fat Quality, Kyle F. Coble, Steven S. Dritz, J Usry, Jeremiah E. Nemechek, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth, G M. Hill Jan 2014

Effects Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Level In Diets Containing Tribasic Copper Chloride On Finishing Pig Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Fat Quality, Kyle F. Coble, Steven S. Dritz, J Usry, Jeremiah E. Nemechek, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth, G M. Hill

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,248 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 63.8 lb) were used in a 120-d experiment to study the effects of increasing standardized ileal digestible lysine (SID Lys) in diets with or without 150 ppm added Cu from tri-basic copper chloride (TBCC) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fat quality. Pens of pigs were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 26 pigs (similar number of barrows and gilts) per pen and 8 replications per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of ...


Effects Of Added Zinc During The Grower And/Or Finisher Phase On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs Fed Diets With Or Without Ractopamine Hcl, Chad B. Paulk, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, John M. Gonzalez, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband Jan 2014

Effects Of Added Zinc During The Grower And/Or Finisher Phase On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs Fed Diets With Or Without Ractopamine Hcl, Chad B. Paulk, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, John M. Gonzalez, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,197 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050) were used in a 72-d study to determine the effects of added zinc from zinc oxide (ZnO) fed in grower (d 0 to 45; initially 129.6 lb) and finisher (d 45 to 72; initially 218.3 lb) pig diets with or without ractopamine HCl (RAC; Paylean; Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Pens were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement in a split-plot design. The whole plot consisted of diets with or without 75 ppm added Zn from d ...


Effects Of Algae-Derived Β-Glucans With Zinc On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Immune Response Under Commercial Conditions, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Steven S. Dritz, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth Jan 2014

Effects Of Algae-Derived Β-Glucans With Zinc On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Immune Response Under Commercial Conditions, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Steven S. Dritz, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An experiment was conducted to determine the impact of increasing levels of Algamune ZPC (Algal Scientific Corporation, Plymouth, MI) on growth performance and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-specific immune response of nursery pigs housed under commercial conditions. Algamune ZPC is a polysaccharide-zinc complex feed additive composed of 35% β-1,3-glucan extracted from algae and 10% zinc. A total of 2,484 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050, initially 15.7 lb) were used in a 40-d trial. After feeding a common pelleted diet for 7 d after weaning, pigs were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized ...


Validating A Dietary Approach To Determine Amino Acid:Lysine Ratios For Pigs, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, K J. Touchette, Joel M. Derouchey, Jason C. Woodworth, Robert D. Goodband Jan 2014

Validating A Dietary Approach To Determine Amino Acid:Lysine Ratios For Pigs, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, K J. Touchette, Joel M. Derouchey, Jason C. Woodworth, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Standardized ileal digestible (SID) amino acid:lysine (AA:Lys) ratio experiments are commonly conducted to estimate the AA requirement of pigs relative to lysine (Lys) and allow for accurate diet formulation. The objective of the studies herein was to validate a dietary approach to determine the optimal SID AA:Lys ratio for pigs using tryptophan (Trp) as a model. Four 21-d experiments were conducted in which pigs (337 × 1050; PIC) were fed corn-soybean meal–based diets with 30% corn dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). A total of 1,188, 1,232, 1,204, and 1,183 pigs with ...


Effects Of Pepsoygen Processing Method On Nursery Pig Growth Performance, A B. Clark, Hyatt L. Frobose, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth Jan 2014

Effects Of Pepsoygen Processing Method On Nursery Pig Growth Performance, A B. Clark, Hyatt L. Frobose, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, Robert D. Goodband, Jason C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 292 weanling pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; 13.3 ± 2.4 lb BW and 21 d of age) were used in a 31-d experiment evaluating the effects of alternative PepSoyGen processing methods for nursery pig diets. There were 11 replicate pens per treatment and 6 or 7 pigs per pen. At weaning, pigs were allotted to pens by initial weight to 1 of 4 treatments in a completely randomized design. A 3-phase diet series was used with treatment diets fed during Phase 1 (d 0 to 7) and Phase 2 (d 7 to 21), with a ...


Evaluation Of Specialty Soy Protein Sources On Nursery Pig Performance, Kyle E. Jordan, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jason C. Woodworth Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Specialty Soy Protein Sources On Nursery Pig Performance, Kyle E. Jordan, Marcio Antonio Dornelles Goncalves, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jason C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A 35-d growth trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of a new soy protein source, Nutrivance (TechMix, Stewart, MN), on nursery pig growth performance. Nutrivance is a modified soy protein produced via a proprietary process combining extraction and enzymatic treatment of soybeans. Pigs (n = 1,188, PIC 337 × 1050; initially 9.8 lb BW) were weaned at 21 d of age and allotted by weight to pens with 27 pigs per pen. Pigs were fed a common diet for 15 d before the start of the study. Pens of pigs (13.5 lb BW) were then allotted to ...