Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal

2014

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 644

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Meeting Calendar Dec 2014

Meeting Calendar

Journal of Medicinally Active Plants

No abstract provided.


Uniform Basis: Who Can Claim Depreciation After Death And How Much?, Neil E. Harl Dec 2014

Uniform Basis: Who Can Claim Depreciation After Death And How Much?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Leaving property at death to the surviving spouse for life (a legal life estate or a life estate in trust) with a remainder interest to a child or children has been a fairly common strategy and continues to be used even with the larger applicable exclusion amount1 and “portability” (which allows the surviving spouse to use the unused applicable exclusion amount at the death of the first spouse to die if the requirements are met).2 One important issue is how is the income tax basis handled under the “uniform basis” rules? What happens if the holder of the life ...


Index To Volume 25, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2014

Index To Volume 25, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2014

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


There May Not Always Be More Fish In The Sea: Why Noaa’S Restrictions Do Not Violate The Magnuson-Stevens Act, Lindsey Nicolai Dec 2014

There May Not Always Be More Fish In The Sea: Why Noaa’S Restrictions Do Not Violate The Magnuson-Stevens Act, Lindsey Nicolai

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Bibliography For Work In Ecocriticism, Zümre Gizem Yılmaz Dec 2014

Bibliography For Work In Ecocriticism, Zümre Gizem Yılmaz

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Rationality, Legitimacy, & The Law, Daniel Z. Epstein Nov 2014

Rationality, Legitimacy, & The Law, Daniel Z. Epstein

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

American legal realism was committed to examining legal reasoning in terms of the actual experiences of judges. Because the realist project sought to use social science tools to examine human nature, the contemporary rise of cognitive neuroscience provides an occasion for re-examining legal realism’s foundational critique of the law. Realism’s attempt to examine “the actual facts of judicial behavior” and to pursue a “scientific description and prediction of judicial behavior” appears to be a suitable vehicle for considering the relevance of cognitive neuroscience for legal theory. Cognitive neuroscience has provided convincing evidence for rejecting the traditional bifurcation between ...


Aeromycology: Studies Of Fungi In Aeroplankton, Małgorzata Jędryczka Nov 2014

Aeromycology: Studies Of Fungi In Aeroplankton, Małgorzata Jędryczka

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Air is a natural environment for spores of many genera and species of fungi. Despite its small size and a significant dispersion they have a great impact on human health and different areas of our activities, such as agricultural production. The study on spores of fungi that belong to aeroplankton or bioaerosole is called aeromycology. The most frequent fungi present in the air are Cladosporium and Alternaria species. Their numbers are abundant regardless of latitude and height above the sea level and above the ground. They mostly originate from agricultural environment. Other frequently listed species of fungi, whose spores are ...


Biologically Active Compounds From Selected Aphyllophorales Mycelial Cultures, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Bożena Muszyńska, Anna Firlej Nov 2014

Biologically Active Compounds From Selected Aphyllophorales Mycelial Cultures, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Bożena Muszyńska, Anna Firlej

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

For a long time fungi belonging to Basidiomycota phylum have been in the center of attention because of the presence in their fruiting bodies of compounds with known therapeutic activity. Mycelial cultures of two aphyllophorales species occurring in Poland, Hydnum repandum L., and Sparassis crispa (Wulf.) Fr., were analyzed in our study. The main aim of the study was qualitative and quantitative analysis of extracts obtained from the mycelial cultures for the presence of known biologically active compounds, including phenolic acids, non-hallucinogenic indole compounds and sterols. For analyses a reversed-phase chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was used. The presence of eight ...


Microbiological Hazard In Buildings Based On The Example Of Dwelling Houses And Public Utility Buildings In Warsaw, Aleksandra Wójcik Nov 2014

Microbiological Hazard In Buildings Based On The Example Of Dwelling Houses And Public Utility Buildings In Warsaw, Aleksandra Wójcik

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

This paper contains preliminary results of mycological research in residential and public buildings in Warsaw and its surroundings. The study focuses on the qualitative survey of fungi in buildings of various categories. It includes research objects divided into six categories depending on the age of the buildings and their use: new buildings and the objects of about twenty years and older, as well as twenty-year single-family houses. Two houses that are in the registry of monuments (National Heritage Institute) were also in the scope of the analysis. There have also been attempts to classify the identified species of fungi into ...


Fungal Genomes Tell A Story Of Ecological Adaptations, Anna Muszewska Nov 2014

Fungal Genomes Tell A Story Of Ecological Adaptations, Anna Muszewska

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

One genome enables a fungus to have various lifestyles and strategies depending on environmental conditions and in the presence of specific counterparts. The nature of their interactions with other living and abiotic elements is a consequence of their osmotrophism. The ability to degrade complex compounds and especially plant biomass makes them a key component of the global carbon circulation cycle. Since the first fungal genomic sequence was published in 1996 mycology has benefited from the technolgical progress. The available data create an unprecedented opportunity to perform massive comparative studies with complex study design variants targeted at all cellular processes.


Moulds In Biodeterioration Of Technical Materials, Beata Gutarowska Nov 2014

Moulds In Biodeterioration Of Technical Materials, Beata Gutarowska

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Moulds are microorganisms which play the key role in biodeterioration of technical materials which results from their physiological features and metabolism. Technical materials constitute the source of carbon and energy (wood, paper, textiles, fuels, leather) or the surface for fungal growth (bricks, stone, metal, glass). Moulds characterized by a high biodeterioration activity – enzymatic and acidic, belong mainly to the following genera: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Trichoderma, Cladosporium, Paecilomyces and Chaetomium. Members of some taxa (besides the aforementioned also e.g. Stachybotrys, Alternaria, Epidermophyton, Microsporum, Scopulariopsis, Trichophyton) growing on technical substances and producing allergens and mycotoxins cause health hazards. Therefore, basing on the ...


The Effect Of Particular Active Substances Of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms, Marek Wieczorek Nov 2014

The Effect Of Particular Active Substances Of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms, Marek Wieczorek

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Magic mushrooms have accompanied man for thousands of years. Formerly they were used for religious and culture purposes. Those fungi belong mainly to the genera Conocybe, Copelandia, Panaeolus, Psilocybe and Stropharia. A number of these fungal species produce substances, like psilocybin, psilocin, ibotenic acid or muscimol. Because of their chemical similarity to naturally occurring neurotransmitters like serotonin and GABA these substances, after ingestion, affect brain neurochemistry and by this induce hallucinations. This mini review presents the influence of psilocybin, psilocin, ibotenic acid and muscimol on the nervous system. Also the effects of the above mentioned substances on emotion and mental ...


The Biotechnology Of Higher Fungi - Current State And Perspectives, Jadwiga Turło Nov 2014

The Biotechnology Of Higher Fungi - Current State And Perspectives, Jadwiga Turło

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

This review article concisely describes methodology of biotechnological processes with the use of cultures of higher fungi, their application in bioremediation and to obtain biologically active preparations. Advantages and disadvantages of biotechnological methods used to cultivate mushrooms are analyzed. This paper contains overview of higher fungi species most commonly used in biotechnological processes, of cultivation methods applied to produce fungal biomass, of enzymes and bioactive metabolites and of the strategies for submerged cultivation of the mycelial cultures. The problems of optimization of strains and biotechnological processes are briefly discussed.


Analysis Of Indole Derivatives In Methanolic Extracts From Mycelium Of Agaricus Bisporus Cultured In Vitro On Liquid Oddoux Medium, Bożena Muszyńska, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Patrycja Hałaszczuk, Remigiusz Krężałek, Maciej Łojewski Nov 2014

Analysis Of Indole Derivatives In Methanolic Extracts From Mycelium Of Agaricus Bisporus Cultured In Vitro On Liquid Oddoux Medium, Bożena Muszyńska, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Patrycja Hałaszczuk, Remigiusz Krężałek, Maciej Łojewski

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Methanolic extracts obtained from biomass of Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Imbach cultured in vitro were analyzed for qualitative and quantitative composition of non-hallucinogenic indole compounds in order to compare their amount with fruiting bodies of these species. Extracts demonstrated to contain six indole compounds. Contents of individual compounds ranged from 0.01 to 21.33 mg/100 g d.w. in biomass from in vitro cultures. The quantitatively dominating compounds included: 5-hydroxytryptophan (12.50 mg/100 g d.w.), L-tryptophan (14.00 mg/100 g d.w.) and serotonin (7.00 mg/100 g d.w.). Total content of ...


Mushroom Flavour, Ewa Moliszewska Nov 2014

Mushroom Flavour, Ewa Moliszewska

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Mushrooms and fungi not only present a fascinating world of shapes, both macro- and microscopic, but they are also an interesting source of flavours, fragrances and odours, e.g. garlic, coconut, flour-like, cucumber or fruit-like, as well as the most characteristic for this kingdom of living organisms mushroom-like flavour and aroma. Fungi can possess many different and interesting flavours and fragrances – starting from nice anise-like, fruit-like, cucumber, garlic, to cheese-garlic, and ending with potato or flour-like smells. Some mushrooms emit carbide or distinctly faecal-like odour. The taste of mushrooms is frequently correlated with their aroma. What components does the core ...


Small Mammals Feeding On Hypogeous Fungi, Małgorzata Połatyńska Nov 2014

Small Mammals Feeding On Hypogeous Fungi, Małgorzata Połatyńska

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Fungi serve as a food source for a wide variety of animals. Among mammals, most species feed on fungi occasionally or accidentally while foraging for other type of food, but some species are frequent mycophags and fungi can be a dominant component of their diet. Examples of mycophags can be found among marsupials: wallabies and bettongs; and rodents: squirrels, chipmunks, voles and mice. Hypogeous fungi produce closed, underground sporocarps without opening mechanisms, and thus are unable to release their spores into the air. In case of those fungi, animals feeding on sporocarps and spreading spores in their faeces are considered ...


Species Diversity Of Macrofungi On Fallows In The Buffer Zones Of The Landscape Parks In Łódzkie Province, Jolanta Adamczyk Nov 2014

Species Diversity Of Macrofungi On Fallows In The Buffer Zones Of The Landscape Parks In Łódzkie Province, Jolanta Adamczyk

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

This study presents the species structure of macrofungi in different plant communities formed on fallows as a result of secondary succession. The mycological observations were carried out in 2012 and 2013 in the buffer zones of all landscape parks in the Łódzkie province, i.e. Bolimów LP, Spała LP, Sulejów LP, Warta-Widawka LP, Łódź Hills LP, Przedbórz LP and Załęcze LP. The botanical research identified fallows representing 7 types of plant communities. In total 46 macromycetes species were found on the fallows. The diversity of macrofungi depended on the type of plant community. The highest number of fungi species was ...


The Impact Of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (Pgpb) On The Development Of Phytopathogenic Fungi, Anna Grobelak, Anna Napora, Małgorzata Kacprzak Nov 2014

The Impact Of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (Pgpb) On The Development Of Phytopathogenic Fungi, Anna Grobelak, Anna Napora, Małgorzata Kacprzak

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

The main purpose of this study was to evaluate impact of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) on the development of phytopathogenic fungi and correlate it with a potential effects on the growth of plants under unfavorable conditions, in order to improve the efficiency of a phytoremediation process. The conducted research focused on the antifungal properties of PGPB. In this study, 51 isolates of bacteria were obtained after diversified disinfection time from plants growing on soil after sewage sludge amendment. The results revealed that some isolated bacteria, mainly endophytic ones, inhibited the development of Fusarium oxysporum, F. culmorum and Alternaria alternata.


Gasteroid Fungi – The Morphological Characteristics Of Selected Endangered And Rare Species Noted In Poland, Janusz Łuszczyński, Agnieszka Tomaszewska Nov 2014

Gasteroid Fungi – The Morphological Characteristics Of Selected Endangered And Rare Species Noted In Poland, Janusz Łuszczyński, Agnieszka Tomaszewska

Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Biologica et Oecologica

The aim of the work was to present the characteristics of selected species from Disciseda, Geastrum and Tulostoma genera which due to the small differences in morphology of their fruit bodies may pose some identification problems. The selected species of gasteroid fungi of these genera are described based on the materials collected during the course of our studies. All materials were gathered during the research into macromycetes in xerothermic habitats located in the Nida Basin. Taxa noted by us are considered to be very rare in the mycobiota of Poland and are highly endangered.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2014

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Another Slant To Co-Ownership Discounts, Neil E. Harl Nov 2014

Another Slant To Co-Ownership Discounts, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

A decision by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in 2014, Elkins v. Commissioner1 involving co-ownership of art collections has added another chapter to the saga of coownership discounts.2 Although other courts have allowed discounts for the costs of partition and sale, the courts generally have been reluctant to allow more than a token discount for a fractional interest itself in art works.3 The Elkins case4 allowed a 44.75 percent discount for undivided interests in works of art and a 10 percent discount for restrictions on transferability.5 An earlier Ninth Circuit case approved a token five ...


Hairy Stalagmites, A New Biogenic Root Speleothem From Botswana, Gerhard C. Du Preez, Paolo Forti, Gerhard Jacobs, Anine Jordaan, Louwrens Tiedt Nov 2014

Hairy Stalagmites, A New Biogenic Root Speleothem From Botswana, Gerhard C. Du Preez, Paolo Forti, Gerhard Jacobs, Anine Jordaan, Louwrens Tiedt

International Journal of Speleology

Ngamiland in northwestern Botswana hosts the Gcwihaba Caves which present unique subterranean environments and host speleothems never before recorded. Cave atmospheric conditions can be extreme with temperatures as high as 28°C and relative humidity nearing 99.9%. Within Dimapo and Diviner’s Caves peculiar root speleothems that we named ‘Hairy Stalagmites’ were found. These stalagmites are closely associated with the roots of Namaqua fig (Ficus cordata) trees that enter the cave environment in search of water. Pieces of broken stalagmites were sampled from Dimapo Cave for further investigations. Stereo and electron microscopy revealed that the Hairy Stalagmites consist of ...


Parental Involvement During Adolescence And Contraceptive Use In College, Caroline Payne Purvis, Rosemary V. Barnett, Larry Forthun Nov 2014

Parental Involvement During Adolescence And Contraceptive Use In College, Caroline Payne Purvis, Rosemary V. Barnett, Larry Forthun

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

The current study aimed to explore the relationships between parental involvement during adolescence on sexual behaviors among college students. Research has shown that parental involvement decreases as students move from high school to college, but the impact that parents had on their students while in high school continues into college. It is important to determine if one factor relating to the number of sexual partners, sexual activity, and contraceptive use is parental involvement during adolescence. After approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB), an online survey using Survey Monkey was administered to a convenience sample of undergraduate students in a ...


University Professors’ Perceptions About The Impact Of Integrating Google Applications On Students’ Communication And Collaboration Skills, Jacqueline L. Cahill Nov 2014

University Professors’ Perceptions About The Impact Of Integrating Google Applications On Students’ Communication And Collaboration Skills, Jacqueline L. Cahill

Journal of Research Initiatives

A qualitative research study was conducted and data were collected by interviewing university professors on their perceptions about the impact of integrating Google Apps, as a means of classroom instructional delivery, on students’ communication and collaboration skills. The participants consisted of eight university professors from a major university, who integrate, or had previously integrated at least two Google Apps Education Edition collaborative tools into their instructional strategies. The result of this study has the potential to benefit universities that are debating on whether utilizing teaching collaborative technology skills, as an instruction tool, would engage students and enhance their communication skills ...


The Reduction Of Metabolic Cost While Using Handrail Support During Inclined Treadmill Walking Is Dependent On The Handrail-Use Instruction, Cory Hofmann, Connor Dougherty, Hagop Abkarian, Michele Fox, Paul Juris Nov 2014

The Reduction Of Metabolic Cost While Using Handrail Support During Inclined Treadmill Walking Is Dependent On The Handrail-Use Instruction, Cory Hofmann, Connor Dougherty, Hagop Abkarian, Michele Fox, Paul Juris

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 339-345, 2014. Inclined treadmill walking is a commonly performed activity to increase cardiovascular health. Handrail support on a treadmill provides an individual the opportunity to change their posture with respect to the walking surface. Differences in metabolic cost during inclined walking due to postural changes with handrail use are unknown. To test the hypothesis that metabolic cost will differ depending on how handrail support is used, respiratory gas analysis was performed during inclined walking in 13 healthy subjects. Energy expenditure was quantified while each subject walked in four conditions: 5% incline unsupported, 10 ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2014

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


When A Small Foundation Becomes A “Private Foundation”, Neil E. Harl Nov 2014

When A Small Foundation Becomes A “Private Foundation”, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

With the increase in wealth in rural areas in recent years has come the growth in non-profit organizations, often organized as family entities to assist in perpetuating some feature of rural life. The focus may be on the local schools; colleges or universities, often in the form of scholarships; the local church; soil conservation; the local community itself or any one of a number of other family concerns. Most are organized as corporations under state law and have sought (and usually obtained) federal status to operate “. . . for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary or educational purposes. . . “ along with ...


Harmonic Language Arts: Music Inclusion In The Secondary English Language Arts Classroom, Julieanne Sthay Nov 2014

Harmonic Language Arts: Music Inclusion In The Secondary English Language Arts Classroom, Julieanne Sthay

CrissCross

Students are required to take four years of high school English, and the mandatory nature of English coupled with a scripted curriculum negatively impact student interest and motivation. English teachers who incorporate music into their academic teaching are finding music can improve student engagement, motivation, and learning (Goering & Burenheide, 2010). In this qualitative self study of student teaching, I explored questions including whether the addition of music is worthwhile in the English classroom, how it can be done, and what the benefits and drawbacks of doing so are. Based upon field notes, lesson plans, student feedback and research, I found ...


Experiencing The Ineffable, Joseph O'Brien Nov 2014

Experiencing The Ineffable, Joseph O'Brien

CrissCross

I can recall the first time I learned to take a fish off the hook after catching it. My grandfather and I were fishing in a river near my home in Connecticut, the sun shone off the yellow of a pumpkinseed sunfish's belly. After removing it from the hook, I put it in a five-gallon pail of water. Despite the clarity of the things I do recall, there are those elements of this memory that remain wholly inaccessible to me. I cannot remember whether it was late spring or early autumn, what color my rod was, or if there ...