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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Elastic Wave Propagation And Scattering In Heterogeneous, Anisotropic Media: Textured Polycrystalline Materials, Joseph A. Turner Aug 1999

Elastic Wave Propagation And Scattering In Heterogeneous, Anisotropic Media: Textured Polycrystalline Materials, Joseph A. Turner

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The propagation of elastic waves through heterogeneous, anisotropic media is considered. Appropriate ensemble averaging of the elastic wave equation leads to the Dyson equation which governs the mean response of the field. The Dyson equation is given here in terms of anisotropic elastic Green’s dyadics for the medium with and without heterogeneities. The solution of the Dyson equation for the mean response is given for heterogeneities that are weak. The formalism is further specified for the case of equiaxed cubic polycrystalline metals with a single aligned axis. The Green’s dyadics in this case are those for a transversely ...


Modeling The High-Speed Switching Of Far-Infrared Radiation By Photoionization In A Semiconductor, Thomas E. Wilson May 1999

Modeling The High-Speed Switching Of Far-Infrared Radiation By Photoionization In A Semiconductor, Thomas E. Wilson

Physics Faculty Research

Data from an earlier study [T. Vogel et al., Appl. Opt. 31, 329 (1992)] on the subnanosecond switching of 119-μm radiation in high-resistivity silicon by pulsed UV laser radiation, is compared with a refined one-dimensional numerical multilayer model accounting for the generation, recombination, and diffusion of the free carriers on the resulting far-infrared optical properties of the silicon. The inclusion of recent measurements for carrier-density and temperature-dependent transport parameters leads to improved agreement between experiment and theory.


Practical Determination Of Efficiency Of Electrostatic Precipitators, João F. Gomes Jan 1999

Practical Determination Of Efficiency Of Electrostatic Precipitators, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

Electrostatic precipitators are one of the most efficient particulate pollution control equipments used mainly for the treatment of gaseous effluents at high flow rates. Consequently electrostatic precipitators are widely used in thermal power plants, cement plants and pulp mills. Apart from a high efficiency other advantages are related with the fact that this type of equipment has a considerable low payback time in industrial plants where the particulate recovered from the gases has commercial value and can be recycled within the industrial process itself or even sold to other industrial companies. Where sulphate (Kraft) pulp mills are concerned an electrostatic ...


Nanometer-Scale Probing Of Potential-Dependent Electrostatic Forces, Adhesion, And Interfacial Friction At The Electrode/Electrolyte Interface, Shane D. Campbell, Andrew C. Hillier Dec 1998

Nanometer-Scale Probing Of Potential-Dependent Electrostatic Forces, Adhesion, And Interfacial Friction At The Electrode/Electrolyte Interface, Shane D. Campbell, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

The atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to examine the influence of an applied electrochemical potential on the interfacial properties of the electrode/electrolyte interface. Measurements of electrostatic force, adhesion, and friction coefficient were performed at two different electrode surfaces: glassy carbon anda thin film of sulfonate-derivatized poly(aniline) (SPANi). At the carbon electrode, changes in electrostatic force between probe and substrate exhibited a potential-dependent transition from repulsive to attractive values at potentials negative and positive of the potential of zero charge (Epzc). Simultaneous measurements of tip-substrate adhesion and friction coefficient showed a change from low to high values over ...