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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer Sep 2019

Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

Hydration models can aid in the prediction, understanding and description of hydration behaviour over time as the move towards more sustainable cements continues.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration and heat release over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, complements more sophisticated thermodynamic models by predicting these properties over time using user-friendly inputs within one code. A number of functions and methods based on up to date cement hydration behaviour from the literature are hard-wired into the code along ...


Advances In Design Methodology In Swelling Shale Rock In Southern Ontario, Thomas R.A. Lardner Mar 2019

Advances In Design Methodology In Swelling Shale Rock In Southern Ontario, Thomas R.A. Lardner

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As infrastructure requirements increase in southern Ontario, excavations within swelling rock formations will become more frequent and larger. The objective of this study is to advance design capability for structures in swelling rock through three aspects: i) developing a practical swelling model for design engineers, ii) investigate two crushable/compressible materials for the mitigation of swelling rock effects, and iii) observe and analyze the behaviour of swelling rock to current excavation techniques.

A swelling rock constitutive model has been developed. The swelling parameters include the horizontal and vertical free swell potential, threshold stress, and critical stress as well as a ...


Predicting Dynamic Modulus Of Asphalt Mixture Using Data Obtained From Indirect Tension Mode Of Testing, Parnian Ghasemi, Shibin Lin, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams Jan 2019

Predicting Dynamic Modulus Of Asphalt Mixture Using Data Obtained From Indirect Tension Mode Of Testing, Parnian Ghasemi, Shibin Lin, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Understanding stress-strain behavior of asphalt pavement under repetitive traffic loading is of critical importance to predict pavement performance and service life. For viscoelastic materials, the stress-strain relationship can be represented by the dynamic modulus. The dynamic modulus test in indirect tension mode can be used to measure the modulus of each specific layer of asphalt pavements using representative samples. Dynamic modulus is a function of material properties, loading, and environmental conditions. Developing predictive models for dynamic modulus is efficient and cost effective. This article focuses on developing an accurate Finite Element (FE) model using mixture elastic modulus and asphalt binder ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira Sep 2018

Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Packages made of corrugated paper are fundamental to the protection, transportation and handling of the appliance product market. During the storage and sales stages of a product, the package must resist compressive loads in different directions beyond moderate impacts. In this context, the objective of this work is to develop and implement a post-processor that allows the simultaneous analysis of two of the most common failure modes of packages made of corrugated paper: failure due to tensile or compressive stress limit, and failure due to local buckling, when the buckling of the faces of the corrugated paper between two peaks ...


Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Halil Ceylan Aug 2018

Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Mohammadkazem Sadoughi, Halil Ceylan

Ali Nahvi

Conventional snow removal strategies add direct and indirect expenses to the economy through profit lost due to passenger delays costs, pavement durability issues, contaminating the water runoff, and so on. The use of superhydrophobic (super-water-repellent) coating methods is an alternative to conventional snow and ice removal practices for alleviating snow removal operations issues. As an integrated experimental and analytical study, this work focused on optimizing superhydrophobicity and skid resistance of hydrophobic coatings on asphalt concrete surfaces. A layer-by-layer (LBL) method was utilized for spray depositing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on an asphalt concrete at different spray times and variable dosages of PTFE ...


Effect Of Material Viscoelasticity On Frequency Tuning Of Dielectric Elastomer Membrane Resonators, Liyang Tian Jun 2018

Effect Of Material Viscoelasticity On Frequency Tuning Of Dielectric Elastomer Membrane Resonators, Liyang Tian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Dielectric elastomers (DEs) capable of large voltage-induced deformation show promise for applications such as resonators and oscillators. However, the dynamic performance of such vibrational devices is not only strongly affected by the nonlinear electromechanical coupling and material hyperelasticity, but also significantly by the material viscoelasticity. The material viscoelasticity of DEs originates from the highly mobile polymer chains that constitute the polymer networks of the DE. Moreover, due to the multiple viscous polymer subnetworks, DEs possess multiple relaxation processes. Therefore, in order to predict the dynamic performance of DE-based devices, a theoretical model that accounts for the multiple relaxation processes is ...


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2017

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook Dec 2016

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of High Cycle Fatigue Crack Growth Under Different Stages Based On Crystal Plasticity Modeling, Duoqi Shi, Shiwei Han, Xiaoguang Yang Oct 2016

Assessment Of High Cycle Fatigue Crack Growth Under Different Stages Based On Crystal Plasticity Modeling, Duoqi Shi, Shiwei Han, Xiaoguang Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Mpfem Simulation On 2d Compaction Of Core–Shell Particulate Composites, Yu Liu, Fen Huang, Peng Han, Xizhong An, Haitao Fu Oct 2016

Mpfem Simulation On 2d Compaction Of Core–Shell Particulate Composites, Yu Liu, Fen Huang, Peng Han, Xizhong An, Haitao Fu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2016

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Investigation On The Damage Localization In A Pipe Using Torsional Guided Waves And Sensor Array Reconstruction Techniques, Erick Rojas, Karla Fernandez, Arturo Baltazar, Jorge Aranda Jan 2016

Investigation On The Damage Localization In A Pipe Using Torsional Guided Waves And Sensor Array Reconstruction Techniques, Erick Rojas, Karla Fernandez, Arturo Baltazar, Jorge Aranda

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Continuous monitoring for damage detection and localization on large fluid filled pipe-like structures is needed. To address this problem we propose the use of a Macro Fiber Composite (MFC) sensor to generate the first order torsional mode and to detect scatter signals from the discontinuities by an EMAT sensor positioned in various locations on the surface of the structure to simulate an array of sensors. Signals are post-processed with a developed algorithm based on entropy and arrival time. Numerical results were obtained for simulated signals and experimentally tested on a stainless steel pipe A-36 (43.6 and 48.2 mm ...


Subsurface Inclusion Quantification Using Multi-Frequency Ultrasonic Surface Waves, Musa Norouzian, Joseph A. Turner, Allen J. Fuller, Brent M. Wilson Jan 2016

Subsurface Inclusion Quantification Using Multi-Frequency Ultrasonic Surface Waves, Musa Norouzian, Joseph A. Turner, Allen J. Fuller, Brent M. Wilson

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Rolling contact fatigue (RCF) is one of the major sources of subsurface-initiated spalling in bearing components. These types of spalls initiate in regions where microcracks are formed due to a localized increase in stress from inclusions near the surface. Ultrasonic bulk inspection is a powerful method to detect defects in a large volume of steel. However, inclusions near the surface of a sample can elude detection because reflections from the inclusion can be masked by reflections from the sample surface. This limitation can be eliminated if ultrasonic surface wave methods are used for inspection. Surface waves have material displacements localized ...


Localization And Characterization Of Fatigue Cracks Around Fastener Holes Using Spherically Focused Ultrasonic Probes, Deborah Hopkins, Marvin Datuin, John Aldrin, Mark Warchol, Lyudmila Warchol, David Forsyth, Charlie Buynak, Eric Lindgren Jan 2016

Localization And Characterization Of Fatigue Cracks Around Fastener Holes Using Spherically Focused Ultrasonic Probes, Deborah Hopkins, Marvin Datuin, John Aldrin, Mark Warchol, Lyudmila Warchol, David Forsyth, Charlie Buynak, Eric Lindgren

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Results are presented from laboratory experiments and simulations designed to determine the ability to localize and characterize fatigue cracks around fastener holes using spherically fo-cused ultrasonic (UT) probes for shear-wave inspections. In designing and evaluating inspection protocols, the number of cases that can be studied through laboratory experiments is severely limited by cost and time constraints. Simulations therefore stand to play a significant role in the design and optimization of inspection strategies for those conditions that can be accurately mod-eled. Moving from benchmark studies for relatively simple geometries toward more realistic conditions creates significant challenges. For shear-wave inspections of fastener ...


Impact Responses Of Prestressing Tendons In Railway Concrete Sleepers In High Speed Rail Environments, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov May 2015

Impact Responses Of Prestressing Tendons In Railway Concrete Sleepers In High Speed Rail Environments, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are designed in order to carry and transfer the wheel loads from the rails to the ground and are installed as the crosstie beam support in railway track systems. They are subjected to impact loading conditions that are resulted from train operations over wheel or rail abnormalities, such as flat wheels, dipped rails, crossing transfers, rail squats, corrugation, etc. The magnitude of the shock load relies on various factors such as axle load, types of wheel/rail imperfections, speeds of vehicle, track stiffness, etc. This paper demonstrates the development of finite element modelling to ...


Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2015

Inżynieria Chemiczna Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2015

Tematyka Prac Doktorskich, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


An Agent Based Approach For Simulating Demo Enterprise Models, Mamadou Seck, Joseph Barjis Jan 2015

An Agent Based Approach For Simulating Demo Enterprise Models, Mamadou Seck, Joseph Barjis

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

DEMO (design and engineering methodology for organization) is a theoretically grounded methodology for rigorous enterprise modeling. It provides relevant concepts from a construction perspective. As the methodology gains a wider audience, there is a growing interest in simulating DEMO models. Most attempts to develop a simulation approach for enterprise models in general, and the DEMO methodology in particular, are based on process oriented conceptualizations that are typically implementation in a discrete event paradigm. In this paper, we propose a conceptual framework for the translation of DEMO models into an agent based simulation. We will describe the DEMO methodology in some ...


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2014

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Termodynamika Procesowa I Techniczna Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Mechaniczno-Energetycznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Mechaniczno-Energetycznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Chemicznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Tematyka Prac Dyplomowych Dla Studentów Wydziału Chemicznego Pwr., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Mechanika Płynów Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski Jan 2014

Mechanika Płynów Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Special Issue Of Journal Of Defense Modeling And Simulation: Novel Approaches To Defense And Military Modeling And Simulation, Scott D. Snyder, James M. Taylor Jr Jan 2014

Introduction To Special Issue Of Journal Of Defense Modeling And Simulation: Novel Approaches To Defense And Military Modeling And Simulation, Scott D. Snyder, James M. Taylor Jr

Faculty Publications from The Peter Kiewit Institute

Developing solutions to complex problems in government and industry is a daunting task that often requires tremendous investment in time and resources to solve. Modeling and simulation (M&S) has incredible potential to streamline development and cut costs by conducting virtual experiments that give insight into performance under various test conditions. As many program managers in the federal acquisition process can attest, realistic testing of live equipment in an operational environment can be some of the most expensive parts of a development program. M&S can provide insight into mission success of yetto- bedesigned systems without the need to actually ...


Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique For Renewable Energy Deployment Decisions (Smart Redd), James M. Taylor Jr, Betty Love Jan 2014

Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique For Renewable Energy Deployment Decisions (Smart Redd), James M. Taylor Jr, Betty Love

Faculty Publications from The Peter Kiewit Institute

In the effort to provide electrical power service and the sustaining fuel required to run generators at forward-deployed bases in Afghanistan and Iraq over more than 10 years, the US military spent billions of dollars and a paid a heavy toll in terms of human casualties. The green energy linear program for optimizing deployments (GELPOD) proof-of-concept model showed that a linear program could be used to optimize combat deployment of energy generation systems to minimize cost and casualties. Results indicated that reduction in both cost and casualties for renewable energy sources was highly dependent on fuel cost and deployment length ...


The Meaning, Selection, And Use Of The Peridynamic Horizon And Its Relation To Crack Branching In Brittle Materials, Florin Bobaru, Wenke Hu Jul 2013

The Meaning, Selection, And Use Of The Peridynamic Horizon And Its Relation To Crack Branching In Brittle Materials, Florin Bobaru, Wenke Hu

Florin Bobaru Ph.D.

This note discusses the peridynamic horizon (the nonlocal region around a material point), its role, and practical use in modeling. The objective is to eliminate some misunderstandings and misconceptions regarding the peridynamic horizon. An example of crack branching in a nominally brittle material (homalite) is addressed and we show that crack branching takes place without wave interaction. We explain under what conditions the crack propagation speed depends on the horizon size and the role of incident stress waves on this speed.