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1994

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Articles 31 - 48 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Education

Research On The Ged Credential And Its Use In Wisconsin, John Pawasarat, Lois M. Quinn Jan 1994

Research On The Ged Credential And Its Use In Wisconsin, John Pawasarat, Lois M. Quinn

ETI Publications

In 1984 the Employment and Training Institute embarked on a two-year study of the GED and its use in Wisconsin, at the request of State Superintendent Herbert J. Grover. The study explored the use of the GED credential by employers and post-secondary institutions in the state, the level of skills attained by GED holders, and the performance of GED holders in post-secondary education in the state. Some of the findings of the research were positive, some were negative. The long-term goal of the research was to help insure that high school equivalency credentials issued in Wisconsin reflect the high school ...


A Study Of Children's Drawing Types And Factors Influencing Choice Of Subject Matter, Stella Clark Jan 1994

A Study Of Children's Drawing Types And Factors Influencing Choice Of Subject Matter, Stella Clark

Theses : Honours

The main purpose of this study was to determine what children draw when given a free choice of subject in the context of the classroom. The social Influences believed to affect children's drawings were also investigated. Another research interest related to Whether or not gender was a significant factor in the production of different drawing types. The significance of this study is connected with the desirability for teachers to have an understanding of children's perceptions of the world and the factors which influence them, as it is accepted that awareness of children's interests and influences may lead ...


Beyond Prevention Curricula: A Guide To Developing Alternative Activities Programs, U.S. Department Of Education Jan 1994

Beyond Prevention Curricula: A Guide To Developing Alternative Activities Programs, U.S. Department Of Education

Curriculum

This guide is designed to help educators and youth workers better understand how programs of alternative activities can effectively be used to supplement school-based efforts to prevent alcohol and other drug use among youth, and to encourage schools to become more involved in program development and implementation. It seeks to clear up some of the confusion over what constitutes a program of alternative activities and what its goals should be, to improve understanding of the potential value of this approach, and to recommend promising strategies for improving the effectiveness of these activities in preventing and reducing use of alcohol and ...


Gender Differences And Factors Related To The Disposition Toward Cohabitation, Terry Huffman, Karen Chang, Pat Rausch, Nora Schaffer Jan 1994

Gender Differences And Factors Related To The Disposition Toward Cohabitation, Terry Huffman, Karen Chang, Pat Rausch, Nora Schaffer

Faculty Publications - School of Education

This paper explored factors associated with the disposition toward cohabitation. Analysis of the data revealed that, among the total sample, a willingness to cohabit is related to being older, lower levels of religiosity, more liberal attitudes toward sexual behavior, less traditional views of marriage, and less traditional views of sex roles. However, analysis further indicated a gender difference in the way various factors are associated with the disposition to cohabit. For the female subsample these factors are generally related to the willingness to cohabit. However, this was not the case for the male subsample. Only two factors were significantly related ...


An Investigation Of Affirmative Action Policies And Practices Of Recruiting, Hiring, Mentoring And Retention Of African American Teachers And Administrators, U. S. Davidson Jr. Jan 1994

An Investigation Of Affirmative Action Policies And Practices Of Recruiting, Hiring, Mentoring And Retention Of African American Teachers And Administrators, U. S. Davidson Jr.

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the affirmative action policies and practices of recruiting, hiring, mentoring and retention of African American teachers and administrators throughout the State of Illinois. Since public elementary and secondary school systems provide numerous and varied jobs in virtually every community in the nation, it is assumed that if a quality education is to be attained, students must be exposed to the variety of cultural perspectives that represent the nation at large (American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education, 1990).

This study examined policies and practices of districts throughout the State of Illinois inquiring ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin Jan 1994

Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of parental alcoholism, gender, and family environment on alcohol use patterns and psychological adjustment of a non-clinical sample of college students. Participants were 543 students from introductory psychology courses at a large midwestern university. Adult children of alcoholics (ACAs) were found to have greater perceived external locus of control and greater problematic alcohol use than adult children of non-alcoholics. These findings were primarily attributable to differences in gender and family functioning. No significant differences were found between ACAs and non-ACAs in self-esteem, self-realization, or motives for drinking. When compared with parental alcoholism, gender and family ...


A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley Jan 1994

A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This was a descriptive study of 140 volunteer therapists in the Richmond, Virginia metropolitan area who identified themselves as either "brief" or "time-unlimited" in their practice of marital therapy. The sample, predominantly female and highly educated, had a mean age of 46.9 years.;For the purpose of this study, brief marital therapy was defined as eight or fewer therapeutic sessions within a 3-month period, and time-unlimited marital therapy was designated as therapy lasting longer than eight sessions or over 3 months. There were 60 self-identified brief marital therapists (BMTs) and 73 self-identified time-unlimited marital therapists (TUMTs). Subjects completed four ...


Do Historically Black Institutions Of Higher Education Confer Unique Advantages On Black Students? An Initial Analysis, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Donna S. Rothstein Jan 1994

Do Historically Black Institutions Of Higher Education Confer Unique Advantages On Black Students? An Initial Analysis, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Donna S. Rothstein

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Despite the declining relative importance of HBIs in the production of black bachelor's degrees, in recent years they have become the subject of intense public policy debate for two reasons. First, court cases have been filed in a number of southern states that assert that black students continue to be underrepresented at traditionally white public institutions, that discriminatory admissions criteria are used by these institutions to exclude black students (e.g., basing admissions only on test scores and not also on grades), and that per student funding levels, program availability, and library facilities are substantially poorer at public ...


Topic Bibliography On Service With Math And Science Education, Robin Vue Benson, Robert D. Shumer Jan 1994

Topic Bibliography On Service With Math And Science Education, Robin Vue Benson, Robert D. Shumer

Bibliographies

The sources listed on the following pages are in response to requests for information on combining service-learning with math and science education. They were obtained primarily by conducting searches of the ERIC database on CD-ROM. Broad topics were chosen for a comprehensive selection of references. With several hundred records identified, only those with the closest relevance to the topic are included here. Where a source is available through EDRS, an ERIC number is included. The search for more sources of information on this topic is ongoing and this compilation will be updated periodically.


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Regarding The Status Of Women In Selected Careers In Agriculture: Implications To Agricultural Education, Annette Louise Kiefer Jan 1994

Perceptions Regarding The Status Of Women In Selected Careers In Agriculture: Implications To Agricultural Education, Annette Louise Kiefer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh Jan 1994

Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to determine if Northern Sudanese women with (1) different family backgrounds (traditional, transitional, or modern), (2) different geographic locations (urban high-income, urban low-income, and rural low-income areas), and (3) different educational backgrounds differed in their attitudes toward traditional gender roles and changes occurring in these roles. This research was based on an analysis of portions of data collected in 1990 by researchers at Ahfad University for Women (AUW) in Omdurman, Sudan, for purposes of determining the critical aspects of women's status that would predict fertility rates in the Sudan;Data were collected using ...


Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie Jan 1994

Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The data from a randomly selected sample of 545 middle and high school-aged adolescents across the state of Iowa were studied to examine the means through which social stress is associated with depressive symptoms. Social stress is assumed to be socially determined by unjust social distributions of power and resources that place certain individuals and groups under greatest social pressure and give rise to situations that limit their access to already limited resources, obstruct alternative behavior options, and create unjustified interpersonal tension. Four variables were used to measure social stress: (1) lack of job opportunities, (2) competition in school, (3 ...


Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue Jan 1994

Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to design an instrument that would secure student feedback concerning their perceptions regarding their school, teachers, and themselves as learners, and determine if these perceptions and their critical thinking ability were associated with their attendance, gender, academic achievement (Iowa Test of Educational Development), and academic status (grade point average). Sixty-five students in a ninth grade class at Mason City High School in Mason City, Iowa were voluntary participants;The procedure followed four major steps: (1) Selecting the critical thinking test and items for the student feedback questionnaire. (2) Gathering the student ratings from the ...


Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1994

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent changes in women's business dress presented an opportunity to explore the social meanings conveyed by dress in a specific context. Combining qualitative methods of observation with interpretive and grounded theory analyses, this study contributes to our understanding of dress. The applicability of various theories of product symbolism and social behavior to women's business dress was explored;The purpose of this study was to examine meanings of the perceived ideal image and actual image for women in business. It explored women's experiences with and feelings about the use of dress as part of their development as professionals ...