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1989

Theses/Dissertations

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Institution
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Articles 61 - 90 of 291

Full-Text Articles in Education

Innovation In Student Affairs: The Influence Of Individual And Organizational Factors On Programmatic And Technological Change, Sally S. Thomas May 1989

Innovation In Student Affairs: The Influence Of Individual And Organizational Factors On Programmatic And Technological Change, Sally S. Thomas

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper was to explore the influence individual and organizational factors exerted on technological innovations, programmatic innovations and combined technological and programmatic innovations. Student affairs divisions in Comprehensive I colleges and universities constituted the administrative unit examined. The two types of program innovations examined were substance abuse prevention/education programs and retention/academic support programs. The technological innovations examined were financial aid computerized award calculation and computerized career counseling. The individual factors examined were professionalism, gender and age of the chief student affairs officer. The organizational factors were vertical, horizontal and combined vertical and horizontal complexity, centralization ...


Disease Related Knowledge, Mhlc, And Compliance With Treatment Of The Patient With Copd, Ann Putnam Johnson May 1989

Disease Related Knowledge, Mhlc, And Compliance With Treatment Of The Patient With Copd, Ann Putnam Johnson

Doctoral Dissertations

Statement of the Problem: The problem of the study was to determine the relationship among disease related knowledge, multidimensional health locus of control, and level of treatment compliance for COPD patients at U.T. Medical Center, Knoxville.


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Weight Training On Strength And Girth Measures Of Prepubescent And Postpubescent Boys, Brian C. Jones May 1989

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Weight Training On Strength And Girth Measures Of Prepubescent And Postpubescent Boys, Brian C. Jones

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study was designed to investigate the effects of a weight training program on strength and girth measures of prepubescent and postpubescent boys. Forty-nine subjects participated in this study. Thirty-four subjects were trained and 15 were untrained. The trained group consisted of 16 prepubescent subjects. All subjects were given a pretest which consisted of two girth measures and five strength measures. The trained group participated in an eight-week weight training program. The untrained group participated in regular physical education classes. At the conclusion of the eight weeks, both groups were posttested using the same procedures as the pretest. Data were ...


The Contribution Of Mental Imagery To Performance In Specific Targeted Comprehension Skills, Barbara Yarrington Doore May 1989

The Contribution Of Mental Imagery To Performance In Specific Targeted Comprehension Skills, Barbara Yarrington Doore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the effect mental imagery had on comprehension on poetry, prose and content area reading, and to develop one strategy to teach mental imagery.

Fifty-three sixth graders from a rural, middle public school in Western New York Stat participated in a mental imagery treatment program. The program was designed to determine if mental imagery was effective in significantly increasing the comprehension scores of the participants.

The pre-treatment and post-treatment comprehension tests consisted of questions which tested the five targeted areas: (1) detail, (2) finding the main idea, (3) comparison/contrast, (4) sequence, and (5) recall ...


Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins May 1989

Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine young children's art in the development of their literacy. Twenty children, involved in a literature-based art program, were observed and interviewed after the completion of various literacy episodes involving their art work. The children's art work was classified and described according to the characteristics of the literacy episodes and the samples that were produced. The responses to the interview questions were " descriptively analyzed. The results of this study indicate a strong interaction of reading, writing, listening, speaking, and children's art work in their literacy development. Children like to draw at home ...


An Investigation Into The Read-Aloud Program, Project Read, Within The Public Elementary Schools Of Wyoming County, New York, Kim Marie Leffler May 1989

An Investigation Into The Read-Aloud Program, Project Read, Within The Public Elementary Schools Of Wyoming County, New York, Kim Marie Leffler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This investigation was conducted with seven public elementary schools, grades K-4, in Wyoming County, New York. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the degree of participation among children and parents in the Project Read Program within these seven schools. This read-aloud program was designed to encourage patents to read aloud to their children each day. Each program was described and the participation within each grade level was compared to the overall participation within the school, and these results were charted. Data were collected from two elementary schools to determine who was reading to the child.

The results of ...


Moral Development Theories: Controversy, Bias, And A New Perspective, Julie Ann Robinson May 1989

Moral Development Theories: Controversy, Bias, And A New Perspective, Julie Ann Robinson

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

This thesis examines the well-established Kohlberg hierarchical model of moral development and allegations of bias within the model. The Cognitive-Development approach to moral development, the Kohlberg model, and a counter-model proposed by Carol Gilligan are presented. The interview methodology commonly used by moral development researchers as well as the applicability of interview data to actual moral decision-making is questioned. A web model that includes the interactions of culture and education in moral modifications is presented as an original alternative to the step-wise models currently in use.


Community Choral Recital: An Avenue To Continuing Education, Carl Hoffman May 1989

Community Choral Recital: An Avenue To Continuing Education, Carl Hoffman

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Choral music has been in existence in the western world for about one thousand years. It has added significantly to the cultural, religious, and social life of Europe and then later to the United States.


The Effects Of A Direct Instruction Program In Fractions On Academic And Mathematics Self-Concept, William H. Lowry May 1989

The Effects Of A Direct Instruction Program In Fractions On Academic And Mathematics Self-Concept, William H. Lowry

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the effect of a videodisc-based, teacher-controlled, direct instruction-based program in fractions content, on self-concept. Self-concept was operationally defined as scores on a slightly modified version of Marsh's Self-Description Questionnaire (Marsh, 1988). A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group design was used to compare the self-report self-concept of two groups of upper elementary students (N = 337). The treatment group (n = 171) received instruction in fractions via the teacher-directed, videodisc-based, Mastering Fractions program (Systems Impact, 1986a). The control group (n = 166) received their normal grade four or grade five mathematics program, but did not include common fractions.

Differences in achievement ...


Relationships Between Motivational Orientations And Participants' Perceptions Of An Electronic Distance Education Learning Environment, Charles Wynn Wilkes May 1989

Relationships Between Motivational Orientations And Participants' Perceptions Of An Electronic Distance Education Learning Environment, Charles Wynn Wilkes

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between students' motivational orientations and their perceptions of an electronic distance education (EDE) environment. Subjects were 156 participants (81 women, 75 men; 83 undergraduates, 73 graduate students) enrolled in Utah State University's electronic distance education system, Com-Net.

A comparison group was also utilized, that consisted of 85 participants (64 females, 21 males; 34 undergraduates, 51 graduates) from rural Utah enrolled in Utah State University extension programs. These students were from seven classes which were taught by the traditional method with an instructor physically present.

Correlation coefficients were computed to ...


Partners In Crime? A Close Look At Cheating!, Gregory H. Sahm Apr 1989

Partners In Crime? A Close Look At Cheating!, Gregory H. Sahm

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students and teachers alike, agree to the reality of cheating and to the frequency of its occurrence. Currently, few methods exist to determine the incidence of cheating or the factors that contribute to it.

This researcher initially noticed the occurrence while student teaching. As a result this study was designed to investigate three demographic factors and their relationship to cheating frequency.

The questions researched were:

Does the incidence of cheating increase from grades seven to twelve?

Is one sex more likely to cheat than the other?

Are students with certain reported grade point averages more likely to cheat than others ...


Administrative Commitment To Public Service Programs In Institutions Of Higher Education, Mary Ellen Brandell Apr 1989

Administrative Commitment To Public Service Programs In Institutions Of Higher Education, Mary Ellen Brandell

Dissertations

Higher education has a history of preparing young people for responsible leadership. The interest of college students in their obligations to society may have diminished in the 1980's as college students become preoccupied with personal goals and career aspirations rather than participation in public service programs (Gardner, 1984; Astin, 1985). If students enrolled in institutions of higher education are to develop skills and competencies to equip them for living in the world beyond the university, they must learn to cope with the social, political and economic problems that will confront their generation (Williams, 1980).

On April 23, 1985, the ...


Does The Curriculum 'Math And The Mind's Eye' Reduce Mathematics Anxiety In Middle School Students?, Teresa M. Kendall Mar 1989

Does The Curriculum 'Math And The Mind's Eye' Reduce Mathematics Anxiety In Middle School Students?, Teresa M. Kendall

College of Education

t1ath and the Mind's Eye, a curriculum beginning to be widely used in the Portland, Oregon area, is tested under the static group comparison model, to see if the curriculum reduces mathematics anxiety in seventh grade students. Testing occurred in November 1988 at two schools., Harriet Tubman Middle School and Whitaker Middle School. At Harriet Tubman, 32 students (56~ white, 53% female) from two classes were tested after using the Math and the Mind's Eye curriculum. At Whitaker, 34 students (47% white, 61 ~ female) from two classes were tested after using the Heath Mathematics textbook. A revised version ...


A Model Of Suicidal Behavior In Latency Age Children Based On Developmental Object Relations Theory, Stephen Henry Michaelis Feb 1989

A Model Of Suicidal Behavior In Latency Age Children Based On Developmental Object Relations Theory, Stephen Henry Michaelis

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis attempts to explicate the manifestation of suicidal behavior in latency age children based on developmental object relations theory. It asserts that the susceptibility to suicidal behavior becomes part of the child's developing ego organization during the first three years of life as the result of deviant or distorted emotional development. These disturbances interfere with the normal internalizing processes of the separation individuation phases, including the development of psychological mechanisms.

To accomplish the purpose of the study, the thesis generally classifies object relations theory within the parameters of developmental psychopathology and specifically classifies it as a component of ...


The Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Project, Debra Ann Jagielski Jan 1989

The Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Project, Debra Ann Jagielski

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Exploratory Investigation Of The Use Of Humor As A Coping Strategy For Dealing With Stress Among Paramedics, Lisa Rosenberg Jan 1989

An Exploratory Investigation Of The Use Of Humor As A Coping Strategy For Dealing With Stress Among Paramedics, Lisa Rosenberg

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Occupational Stress: Sources And Coping Behaviors Of Professional Women, Joan Marie Bochenski Jan 1989

Occupational Stress: Sources And Coping Behaviors Of Professional Women, Joan Marie Bochenski

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Sexism In Textbooks: An Update Of Research Through 1988, Patricia W. Tivnan Jan 1989

Sexism In Textbooks: An Update Of Research Through 1988, Patricia W. Tivnan

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Families At The Margin: Implications For Systems Therapy, Robyn Dent Draper-Praetz Jan 1989

Families At The Margin: Implications For Systems Therapy, Robyn Dent Draper-Praetz

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Psychotherapeutic And Theoretical Considerations In Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: A Case Study, Donna Mahoney Jan 1989

Psychotherapeutic And Theoretical Considerations In Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: A Case Study, Donna Mahoney

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Training Needs And Program Evaluation Of The Vocational Instruction Practicum Participants, Jessica Esslinger Jan 1989

A Comparison Of The Training Needs And Program Evaluation Of The Vocational Instruction Practicum Participants, Jessica Esslinger

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Jesuit High School Policy In Bombay, India With Particular Reference To The New Educational Policy Of The Government Of India, Edmund Carrasco Jan 1989

Jesuit High School Policy In Bombay, India With Particular Reference To The New Educational Policy Of The Government Of India, Edmund Carrasco

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Theories Of Adult Psychosocial Development: A Review Of The Trends In Research From 1983-1989, Dennis P. Mcneilly Jan 1989

Theories Of Adult Psychosocial Development: A Review Of The Trends In Research From 1983-1989, Dennis P. Mcneilly

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategies And Social Interaction Upon Mathematics Learning: A Reciprocal Teaching Study, Denis W. Rudy Jan 1989

The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategies And Social Interaction Upon Mathematics Learning: A Reciprocal Teaching Study, Denis W. Rudy

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Moral Development And Competitive School Sports, James F. Brandi Jan 1989

A Theory Of Moral Development And Competitive School Sports, James F. Brandi

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Evaluation Of Writing In Unit Curriculum English, David Sharp Jan 1989

The Evaluation Of Writing In Unit Curriculum English, David Sharp

Theses : Honours

The assessment and grading of writing in Unit Curriculum English plays a major role in the determination of a student's summative, and hence, public, letter grade. Through teachers' adherence to the assessment and grading procedures for writing in Unit curriculum English, the Ministry of Education lay claims on comparability and statewide standards. The claim warranted the investigation of the guidelines and procedures used. A review of literature on the evaluation of writing was conducted. In order that local application and relevance be possible, the holistic mode of evaluating writing was focused on. Problems were identified in the research concerning ...


The Effects Of Algebra Blocks On Student Achievement In Algebra, Bernard S. Roberts Jan 1989

The Effects Of Algebra Blocks On Student Achievement In Algebra, Bernard S. Roberts

Theses : Honours

This study examined the effects of Algebra Blocks on student understanding for the concepts of binomial expansion and trinomial factorisation. The purpose of the study was to illuminate the use and effectiveness of Algebra' Blocks in the teaching-learning process. Two year nine classes with similar mathematics levels were taught binomial expansions and trinomial factorisations. The experimental class was taught using Algebra Blocks whilst the untreated class acted as the control group. After eight lessons of instruction, both classes were tested on their understanding of both concepts. To provide qualitative data, three randomly chosen students from each class were interviewed on ...


Variations In Attitude Between Children In Different Years Towards Peers With Special Physical Needs In A Western Australian Primary School, Natalie C. Robins Jan 1989

Variations In Attitude Between Children In Different Years Towards Peers With Special Physical Needs In A Western Australian Primary School, Natalie C. Robins

Theses : Honours

This study examined the attitudes of regular school students towards their peers with special needs within a Western Australian primary school. Comparisons were made between the children In Years 1, 4 and 7 of a specific school to identify whether any significant variations in attitude were present between the different years. Attitudinal data was collected by presenting an oral questionnaire to one, randomly selected, class of students from each of the three year groups


The Level Of Visual Literacy In Post-Secondary Students, Julie Russell Jan 1989

The Level Of Visual Literacy In Post-Secondary Students, Julie Russell

Theses : Honours

In an education, the term visual literacy refers to the ability of a student to interpret or decode various forms of representation. A person who is literate is able to read and write text, while a visually literate person is able to decode visual an images, and to a lesser extent use these skills in the creation of artworks. Art syllabuses in Western Australia clearly state desired outcomes in the area of visual literacy, yet little is known about how effective these guide-lines have been in producing school leavers who are visually literate. The effectiveness of secondary an teaching strategies ...


An Analysis Of Teacher-Student Interaction In The Area Of Gender Equity Within Primary School Physical Education, Brian D. Owen Jan 1989

An Analysis Of Teacher-Student Interaction In The Area Of Gender Equity Within Primary School Physical Education, Brian D. Owen

Theses : Honours

The major purpose of this study is to examine sex role dependent and sex role independent teacher behaviour in sex integrated primary school physical education lessons, utilising a systematic behaviour observation instrument. Sex role dependent behaviour accepts or expects sex role stereotypic behaviour in males and females or discourages male and female behaviour that is non-stereotypic. Sex role independent behaviour encourages, accepts or expects female and male behaviour that is independent of sex role stereotypes. The study will allow the analysis of sex role stereotypic patterns of teacher behaviour to determine the extent to which equality of participation and interaction ...