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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 190

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak Dec 2014

The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] The purpose of this paper is to explore how Fortune 500 companies have been affected by the passing of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). More importantly, this paper will explore what strategies companies have adopted, and what the legislation means to the following stakeholders: company boards, executives, managers, employees, the Human Resource function, and the Benefits staff.


Group-Average Observables As Controls For Sorting On Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: The Case Of School And Neighborhood Effects, Joseph G. Altonji, Richard K. Mansfield Dec 2014

Group-Average Observables As Controls For Sorting On Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: The Case Of School And Neighborhood Effects, Joseph G. Altonji, Richard K. Mansfield

Rick Mansfield

We consider the classic problem of estimating group treatment effects when individuals sort based on observed and unobserved characteristics. Using a standard choice model, we show that controlling for group averages of observed individual characteristics potentially absorbs all the across-group variation in unobservable individual characteristics. We use this insight to bound the treatment effect variance of school systems and associated neighborhoods for various outcomes. Across four datasets, our conservative estimates indicate that a 90th versus 10th percentile school system increases high school graduation and college enrollment probabilities by at least 0.047 and 0.11. Other applications include measurement of ...


Group-Average Observables As Controls For Sorting On Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: The Case Of School And Neighborhood Effects, Joseph G. Altonji, Richard K. Mansfield Dec 2014

Group-Average Observables As Controls For Sorting On Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: The Case Of School And Neighborhood Effects, Joseph G. Altonji, Richard K. Mansfield

Working Papers

We consider the classic problem of estimating group treatment effects when individuals sort based on observed and unobserved characteristics. Using a standard choice model, we show that controlling for group averages of observed individual characteristics potentially absorbs all the across-group variation in unobservable individual characteristics. We use this insight to bound the treatment effect variance of school systems and associated neighborhoods for various outcomes. Across four datasets, our conservative estimates indicate that a 90th versus 10th percentile school system increases high school graduation and college enrollment probabilities by at least 0.047 and 0.11. Other applications include measurement of ...


Aviation Internship Toolkit For The Next Generation Of Aviation Professionals, Lori J. Brown, James C. Fox Dec 2014

Aviation Internship Toolkit For The Next Generation Of Aviation Professionals, Lori J. Brown, James C. Fox

Lori Brown

On behalf of the Next Generation of Aviation Professionals (NGAP) Outreach partners, we would like to congratulate you on your first step toward building or improving a comprehensive, competitive internship program for your organization. Through internships and externships, a company can provide exciting work in aerospace and a rewarding learning experience for young professionals, who are the industry's future. Interns also will gain insight into the demands and tasks of the many roles, as well as the important internal and external interactions that make up the team. The power of internships as a first step to expose youth to ...


Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele Dec 2014

Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This visual presentation shows the development of days not worked due to industrial action per 1,000 employees in most European countries since the year 2000.


China Employment Law Update - December 2014, Baker & Mckenzie Dec 2014

China Employment Law Update - December 2014, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

No abstract provided.


2014-12-01 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2014

2014-12-01 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for December 1, 2014.


Volkswagen Chattanooga And Its Battle For Workers' Representation, Bianca C. Fankhauser Dec 2014

Volkswagen Chattanooga And Its Battle For Workers' Representation, Bianca C. Fankhauser

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


A Study On Employee Turnover In Shanghai’S Fine Dining Restaurants, Yang Liu Dec 2014

A Study On Employee Turnover In Shanghai’S Fine Dining Restaurants, Yang Liu

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Consequences Of Destructive Leadership Through The Experiences Of Millennial Followers, Rhonda M. Martin Dec 2014

Consequences Of Destructive Leadership Through The Experiences Of Millennial Followers, Rhonda M. Martin

Theses & Dissertations

Destructive leadership has serious detrimental effects on organizations and their employees. Today U.S. companies are spending an estimated $23 billion annually on healthcare costs (e.g. chronic absenteeism, high turnover, and dissatisfaction) resulting from the negative impacts of destructive leaders (Tepper, Duffy, Henle, & Lambert, 2006). This emerging theory was worthy of additional research because of the adverse effects it has on the personal and professional lives of followers. According to Padilla, Hogan, and Kaiser (2007), the success of a destructive leader depends on susceptible followers (Millennials) and a conducive environment, which creates a toxic triangle. In 2009, Trickey & Hyde conducted a 10-year qualitative study that focused on the dark side of leadership from the generational perspective. They discovered that Millennials prefer to abide by the rules, strive to please others, deliver work of high quality, have little trust in leadership, and demonstrate low self-efficacy. The purpose of this interpretive qualitative study was to describe the meaning of consequences of destructive leadership from the followers’ lived experiences. The two research questions answered in this study were: (1) what were the followers’ lived experiences when working for leaders perceived as destructive; and (2) how did destructive behaviors affect the personal and professional lives of the followers? In the study, I conducted 10 personal interviews. The participant demographic characteristics included individuals from the Millennial generation, completion of a four-year college degree, and worked fulltime for five years or more. The interview questions elicited data on experiences and the ...


El Caso De Madygraf (Ex-Donnelley): Una Exploración De La Tensión Entre La Legalidad Y La Legitimidad De Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina / The Case Of Madygraf (Ex-Donnelley): An Exploration Of The Tension Between The Legality And The Legitimacy Of Recovered Businesses In Argentina, Maggie Joyce Dec 2014

El Caso De Madygraf (Ex-Donnelley): Una Exploración De La Tensión Entre La Legalidad Y La Legitimidad De Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina / The Case Of Madygraf (Ex-Donnelley): An Exploration Of The Tension Between The Legality And The Legitimacy Of Recovered Businesses In Argentina, Maggie Joyce

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In December 2001, Argentina declared the largest economic debt default in history. Following the default, Argentina’s economy spiraled into depression and a severe economic crisis plagued the country. Unemployment skyrocketed, dollar shortages continued, and many businesses closed under financial pressures. As private business and large corporations alike shut their doors indefinitely, oftentimes under the auspices of fraudulent bankruptcies, freshly unemployed workers across the country reclaimed their right to work by occupying their workplaces and eventually putting them back into production. These businesses now under worker control are part of the empresas recuperadas, or recovered businesses, phenomenon. The fight for ...


2014-12-01 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2014

2014-12-01 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for December 1, 2014.


Changing Course To Stay In Power At The University Of Virginia: A Coalition Theory Perspective, Steven Conaton Nov 2014

Changing Course To Stay In Power At The University Of Virginia: A Coalition Theory Perspective, Steven Conaton

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] For several weeks in the summer of 2012 the University of Virginia became the center of national media attention in America because of the forced resignation of the university’s first female president. Teresa Sullivan, a highly reputable academic administrator, had been hired as president in 2010 with a 5 year contract by the unanimous decision of the Board of Visitors, UVA’s formal leadership body. Yet on June 8, 2012 the Board of Visitors forced Sullivan to resign from her position as president by a vote of 15 to 1—without any warning or prior indication of dissatisfaction ...


From Measurement To Ownership: The Evolution And Organizational Implications Of Modern Performance Management, Laura Wendt Nov 2014

From Measurement To Ownership: The Evolution And Organizational Implications Of Modern Performance Management, Laura Wendt

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] At the core of performance management and human resources more generally is the idea that people make the difference in organizations. Research has shown time and time again that effective deployment of human capital is a key differentiator in business. People, and more specifically their distinct knowledge and skills, function as the most reliable source of competitive advantage for companies in today’s economy. Realizing the need for continual development of the workforce, American companies spent an estimated total of $164.2 billion, or $1,196 per employee, on workforce training and development in 2012. Effective performance management has ...


Avant-Garde Welfare Capitalism: Corporate Welfare Work And Enlightened Capitalism In Great Britain, The Us, Germany And France (1880-1930), Erik De Gier Nov 2014

Avant-Garde Welfare Capitalism: Corporate Welfare Work And Enlightened Capitalism In Great Britain, The Us, Germany And France (1880-1930), Erik De Gier

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

This research paper deals with welfare work in four industrializing countries, Great Britain, the USA, Germany and France, in the half century of flowering enlightened paternalistic capitalism between 1880 and 1930. Welfare work in this context is defined as, sometimes overly, paternalistic labour policy of enlightened entrepreneurs often encompassing workman’s housing programs, pensions, saving programs, educational programs, sports facilities, medical services, worker participation, generous remuneration forms, and shorter working times. The question is raised if nowadays flex-capitalism in the context of shrinking collective welfare states can learn lessons from past experience with welfare work. By redefining paternalistic welfare work ...


Fast-Food Workers Fight For A Raise And Create A Movement, Angela B. Cornell Nov 2014

Fast-Food Workers Fight For A Raise And Create A Movement, Angela B. Cornell

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa Nov 2014

An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] American history reflects a long cycle of trade union decline and growth. Analysts routinely predict the death of the labor movement. (Yeselson 2012). Heralds of labor’s demise often argue that unions were needed in the past, but modem, enlightened management and the need for economic competitiveness make them obsolete. (Troy 1999). But then, workers fed up with employers’ exploitation decide to find new ways to defend themselves. History does not repeat itself, and conditions now are not the same as those spurring the great organizing drives of the 1930s and ‘40s. Still, American workers have shown deep resourcefulness ...


2014-11-03 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2014

2014-11-03 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting newsletter for November 3, 2014.


2014-11-03 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2014

2014-11-03 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for November 3, 2014.


Five Year Strategic Plan For Economic Development: Prepared For The Town Of Winthrop, Edward J. Collins, Jr. Center For Public Management, University Of Massachusetts Boston Nov 2014

Five Year Strategic Plan For Economic Development: Prepared For The Town Of Winthrop, Edward J. Collins, Jr. Center For Public Management, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Edward J. Collins Center for Public Management Publications

In the spring of 2014, the Town of Winthrop hired the Edward J. Collins, Jr. Center for Public Management at the University of Massachusetts Boston to help develop a Strategic Plan for Economic Development. The Center’s project team began its work by carefully analyzing data in order to understand Winthrop’s current business environment, and to learn how it has changed over time. Multiple sources of information were used, including the Census Bureau’s Decennial Census, American Community Survey, and County Business Patterns, data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Claritas retail leakage data. In addition, the project ...


2014-11-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2014

2014-11-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress concerns for November of 2014.


The Business Partner Balancing Act: An Analysis Of Alternative Employee Advocacy Practices In The Modern Hr Function, Matt Olson Oct 2014

The Business Partner Balancing Act: An Analysis Of Alternative Employee Advocacy Practices In The Modern Hr Function, Matt Olson

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Over the past 15 years, human resource (HR) organizations shifted to “business-based HR” or “business partnering,” as firms adopted a three-legged HR functional design comprising shared services, centers of expertise and HR business partner roles. This new structure offers a firm additional HR value by freeing the business partner of administrative work and leveraging technology to automate and centralize human resource processes.


Designing A Pre-Apprenticeship Model For Women Entering And Succeeding In The Construction Trades, Susan Moir Scd, Elizabeth Skidmore Oct 2014

Designing A Pre-Apprenticeship Model For Women Entering And Succeeding In The Construction Trades, Susan Moir Scd, Elizabeth Skidmore

Susan Moir

It has been over a quarter century since the Carter administration set a goal of increasing the number of women working in the construction industry to 6.9% of the workforce. It is often overlooked that the stated intent of this policy initiative was for women to make up 25% of construction workers by the year 2000 (Eisenberg, 1999). While some isolated projects have met or exceeded the 6.9% target, the number of women working in the construction trades nationally increased in the first few years after 1979, but leveled off at under 3% in the early 1980’s ...


The Journey From Data To Qualitative Inductive Paper: Who Helps And How?, Špela Trefalt, Marya Besharov Oct 2014

The Journey From Data To Qualitative Inductive Paper: Who Helps And How?, Špela Trefalt, Marya Besharov

Articles and Chapters

How do qualitative inductive researchers move from raw data to publishable paper? Existing scholarly resources focus on how to analyze data more deeply and write it up to make a compelling contribution. Much less discussed but also critical is how researchers enlist others in the journey from data to paper – even when they are single authors of their work. Our chapter uncovers qualitative researchers’ helpers and the types of help they provide. Drawing on data from detailed accounts of single authored qualitative, inductive studies, we explain the role of qualitative and quantitative scholars, peers and hired professionals, field informants and ...


Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa Oct 2014

Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

[Excerpt] In this talk I want to trace the development of the field and how international labour law has taken root in five areas: 1) trade legislation (namely, the US and EU Generalized System of Preferences), 2) trade agreements, 3) international organizations, 4) corporate social responsibility, and 5) lawsuits in national courts. In each, I try to give one or two examples of how international labour law works in practice. But first, some background on the international labour law field and my involvement with it.


2014-10-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Oct 2014

2014-10-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for October 6, 2014.


2014-10-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Oct 2014

2014-10-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for October 6, 2014.


Do Hitters Boost Their Performance During Their Contract Years?, Heather M. O'Neill Oct 2014

Do Hitters Boost Their Performance During Their Contract Years?, Heather M. O'Neill

Business and Economics Faculty Publications

Each season, baseball fans and journalists alike identify which players are in the final years of their contracts because a lot rides on how the players produce in their “contract year.” Will a player boost his effort and performance in an effort to improve his value and bargaining power? Or will he crumble under the pressure? Or are players’ performances uncorrelated with where they stand in their contract cycles?


Sports, Inc. Volume 7, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society Oct 2014

Sports, Inc. Volume 7, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


2014-10-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Oct 2014

2014-10-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress concerns for October of 2014.