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Articles 1 - 30 of 1352

Full-Text Articles in History

Walking Titanic's Charity Trail In New York City: Part One, Gramercy Park And Madison Square Park, Eric C. Cimino Ph.D. Jun 2019

Walking Titanic's Charity Trail In New York City: Part One, Gramercy Park And Madison Square Park, Eric C. Cimino Ph.D.

Eric C. Cimino

This article combines insights form travel writing, history, and urban studies to explore the social welfare milieu of early twentieth century New York City and its connection to disaster relief efforts for Titanic survivors in 1912.


Tale Of A Manuscript, Rowan Cahill May 2019

Tale Of A Manuscript, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

An account of the origins, contexts, and fate of a 'lost' manuscript by Australian historian/civil libertarian Brian Fitzpatrick (1905-1965), produced during the early years of the Cold War, titled 'The Seamen's Union of Australia: A Short History'.


Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr. May 2019

Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

No abstract provided.


The Hunger Games Are Playing On Loop— And I Am Tired Of Watching, Brianna R. Burke Apr 2019

The Hunger Games Are Playing On Loop— And I Am Tired Of Watching, Brianna R. Burke

Brianna R. Burke

Say you wanted to take over the world—how would you do it? Let’s agree it looks much like the world we live in today, where some countries hold inordinate power over the lives of people in others; where global systematic racism, the shameful legacy of colonization and imperialism, has contrived to keep many humans poor and struggling. Now, let’s add climate change to that picture. How would you take over the world as landmasses slip underwater due to rising ocean levels, storms become more and more destructive, droughts decimate the agricultural stability of multiple countries (like in ...


No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome Apr 2019

No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome

Dermot M Groome

The conduct and quality of investigations pursued by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have come under increasing scrutiny and criticism from judges on the Court. Criticism is directed at the time and length of investigations; the quality of the evidence advanced in court; the inappropriate delegation of investigative functions, and the failure to interview witnesses in a way that is consistent with the Prosecution’s obligation to conduct investigations fairly under Article 54 of the Rome Statute. This essay explores these criticisms and concludes that the judges are justified in their concerns regarding the Prosecution ...


Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li Apr 2019

Trauma, Play, Memory: Life And Death Are Wearing Me Out And Mo Yan’S Strategies For Writing History As Story, Tonglu Li

Tonglu Li (李同路)

Commonly acclaimed for its black humor, Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out uses the Buddhist concept of reincarnation to follow two families during the second half of the 20th century. The novel exemplifies the strategies through which Mo Yan transforms the violent and absurd events of recent Chinese history into personal memory of historical trauma. It focuses less, however, on those events per se than on the traumatic effects they create on the individual victims, and on the ways through which personal trauma caused by historical atrocities is addressed and healed. This article analyzes three layers of the novel ...


What Price History: Politics, Commercialism, And Urban Preservation, Theodore J. Karamanski Mar 2019

What Price History: Politics, Commercialism, And Urban Preservation, Theodore J. Karamanski

Theodore J. Karamanski

Historic preservation is the child of the city. In North America, the United States Conference of Mayors served as midwife to the birth of the modern historic preservation movement, when in January 1966, it issued the report With a Heritage So Rich. The report’s authors argued that in losing historic buildings and districts to urban renewal America was severing a vital link to the past. “Connections between successive generations of Americans—concretely linking their ways of life—are broken by demolition. Sources of memory cease to exist.” Part coffee-table book and part policy proposal, the volume laid the foundation ...


The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen Mar 2019

The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen

Eric Roberts, MD

This dissertation analyzes the material culture, paleobotanical, and faunal remains excavated at the site of Tell Qarqur, Syria, recovered from occupational levels dating from the end of the Late Bronze Age to the Iron II period (from approximately 1200 to 700 BC). Based on archaeological evidence and ancient textual sources, many ancient Near Eastern kingdoms and polities endured social and political turmoil during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BC. Most likely caused by an unknown hostile group or groups, the destruction of monumental scale architecture and the disruption to the people of Qarqur’s agricultural and animal husbandry ...


The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen Mar 2019

The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen

Aurora Heart Failure / Transplant Faculty

This dissertation analyzes the material culture, paleobotanical, and faunal remains excavated at the site of Tell Qarqur, Syria, recovered from occupational levels dating from the end of the Late Bronze Age to the Iron II period (from approximately 1200 to 700 BC). Based on archaeological evidence and ancient textual sources, many ancient Near Eastern kingdoms and polities endured social and political turmoil during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BC. Most likely caused by an unknown hostile group or groups, the destruction of monumental scale architecture and the disruption to the people of Qarqur’s agricultural and animal husbandry ...


In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E Mar 2019

In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E

Arnold R. Miller

This book provides a brief history of the early computing technology at Marshall University, Huntington, W.Va., in the forty years: 1959-1999. This was before the move to Intel and Windows based servers. After installation of an IBM Accounting Machine in 1959, which arguably does not fit the modern definition of a computer, the first true computer arrived in 1963 and was installed in a room below the Registrar’s office. For the next twenty years several departments ordered their own midrange standalone systems to fit their individual departmental requirements. These represented different platforms from different vendors, and were not ...


Sexual Misconduct, Religion, And Culture, Alev Dudek Jan 2019

Sexual Misconduct, Religion, And Culture, Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

Civilization is the reflection of a constant effort to increase reproduction while suppressing pleasure. This is because civilized societies are artificial systems that are governed by rulers. They are militarized and operate through production, consumption, exchange of goods and services, and the transfer of wealth. Unlike reproduction, pleasure and release of tension do little to benefit the rulers (unless they are involved in the process themselves, of course). The higher the number of births, the better for the rulers because of the increased opportunities for economic and military exchange. Naturally, there are exceptions to this rule. However, such exceptions, too ...


"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble Dec 2018

"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


A Comprehensive Bibliography Of Nineteenth Century Bicycling Periodicals, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2018

A Comprehensive Bibliography Of Nineteenth Century Bicycling Periodicals, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

Bicycling became hugely popular in the second half of the nineteenth century. At the time, bicycle manufacturing was an important American industry, bicycle racing was one of the most popular spectator sports, and joining a bicycle club was a mark of social distinction. This bicycle craze occurred at the same time as an explosion in the publishing of American periodicals. Bicycle manufacturers invested heavily in newspaper and magazine advertising which spurred the creation of new periodicals. This paper documents more than one hundred bicycling periodicals that were published in the nineteenth century. The bibliographic essay provides historical context for both ...


Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze Dec 2018

Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze

Arnaud Kurze

This project explores the creation of alternative transitional justice spaces in post-conflict contexts, particularly concentrating on the role of art and the impact of social movements to address human rights abuses. Drawing from post-authoritarian Tunisia, it scrutinizes the work of contemporary youth activists and artists to deal with the past and foster sociopolitical change. Although these vanguard protesters provoked the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, the power vacuum was quickly filled by old elites. The exclusion of young revolutionaries from political decision-making led to unprecedented forms of mobilization to account for repression and injustice under ...


Exploring Echo-Systems: How Algorithms Shape Immersive Media Environments, James N. Cohen Nov 2018

Exploring Echo-Systems: How Algorithms Shape Immersive Media Environments, James N. Cohen

James Cohen

In the lead up to the 2016 election, fake news often “outperformed” actual news in users’ social media feeds (Silverman, 2016). This paper attempts to analyze the process in which fake news proliferates social networking sites and presents a method of understanding and articulating ways in which personalized feeds are shaped by algorithm-based user feedback. The algorithm systems are embedded programs that analyze past user data and search history in combination with other users’ searches and history to calculate digital outcomes, anticipate possible recommendations, and present consumers with feeds that represent their own unique immersive media environments.

As of August ...


The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill Oct 2018

The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of The Far Left in Australia Since 1945, edited by Jon Piccini, Evan Smith and Matthew Worley (Routledge, 2019).


Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal Aug 2018

Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal

Jennifer Deal, MA, MLIS

See how one health care system digitized and uploaded historical photographs and printed materials for their IR.


Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner Jul 2018

Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell May 2018

Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

I have just returned from five days in the earthquake disaster zone in Sichuan province, where I was a member of the “People’s Olympic Education Promotion Team” that visited Deyang city to conduct “Youth Olympic Games Re-enactments” at six local primary and secondary schools. There I realized that for the people we encountered, The Torch is a sacred object. I call it The Torch because that is what they called it – 火炬 – as if there were only one, and no further adjectives were necessary.

The project expressed the mission of Donnie Pei, a professor at the Capital Institute of ...


The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell May 2018

The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

Yale CEAS Occasional Publication Series - Volume 3


Exploring Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy May 2018

Exploring Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy

Desiree Butterfield-Nagy

The maps produced by the Sanborn Map Company, originally created for the purpose of assessing insurance costs, continue to provide some of the most comprehensive coverage of cities and towns in the United States, including detailed plans of streets and buildings dating from the late 1800s for more than 12,000 towns, including communities in Maine.

Groups attending this session will learn about the history of the Sanborn Map Company and the making of these maps. Be sure to choose your favorite corner in the downtown area of your town and see how it changed from 1884 to 1921. We ...


Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito May 2018

Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito

Natsu Taylor Saito

The primacy accorded individual civil and political rights is often touted as one of the United States' greatest achievements. However, mass incarcerations of indefinite duration have occurred consistently throughout U.S. history and have primarily targeted people of color. The dominant narrative insists that the United States is a political democracy and portrays each instance of indefinite detention in exceptionalist terms. This essay argues that the historical patterns of indefinite detention are better explained by recognizing the United States as a settler colonial state whose claimed prerogative to expand its territorial reach and contain/control populations over which it exercises ...


Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill Apr 2018

Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

A brief account of the role of Romain Gary's novel 'The Roots of Heaven' in the author's radicalisation in the 1960s.


Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam Mar 2018

Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam

Davide Tanasi

The study and reconstruction of ancient dietary habits has become a very significant topic in archaeological research. Most chemical analysis studies for diet at Greek sites are limited to prehistory, with very few examples of studies for the Classical period. This paper represents a pilot study of stable isotope analysis carried out on a group of 15 individuals selected among the population interred in the Archaic necropolis of Scala Greca at Syracuse (Sicily), a cemetery discovered in 2010-2011. Based on the funerary assemblages and certain features such as shape, dimensions, coverage system and architectural features, a preliminary distinction has been ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn Feb 2018

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 3.”
 


Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller Feb 2018

Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller

Nick Miller

This article examines the movement of Orthodox Christian refugees from Bosnia to the Habsburg Monarchy in the 1530s and their settlement in a district called Žumberak. The movement of these Uskoks has never been examined in the context of refugee studies. This study of a refugee movement and settlement over a five-century period offers the possibility of reaching a better understanding of the long-term outcome of refugee movements. Ultimately, this article suggests that the refugees affected the land they settled as much as the settlement zone affected them, and that, in this case, the refugees were able to define their ...


Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan Feb 2018

Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


Presidential Research Resources, Lisa Deluca Jan 2018

Presidential Research Resources, Lisa Deluca

Lisa DeLuca, MLIS, MPA

This article highlights the breadth of freely available digital collections of presidential documents. These repositories are excellent resources for presidential, political science, history, and foreign relations research. From the resources listed in this article, librarians can choose multiple starting points for student and faculty research inquiries for primary and secondary sources that include handwritten documents by the founding fathers, interview transcriptions,
digitized documents, and photographs.


Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’ Jan 2018

Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’

Karreem Mebane

Sacred Heart University students, faculty and staff gathered in University Commons recently for a celebration of Martin Luther King, Jr. that focused on being aware, calling out injustices and creating change.
The event, “Celebration and Reflection: The Many Voices of Social Justice,”—which took place two days after what would have been King’s 89th birthday—was moderated by Karreem Mebane, director of Volunteer Programs and Service Learning.


Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer Jan 2018

Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer

Barry Mauer

On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen killed 49 people and injured 53 at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. We may never know or understand what was in Mateen’s mind, but we can situate his attack within the history of eliminationism in America. Islamist terrorism is just part of a larger phenomenon: right wing eliminationism. But despite centuries of right wing eliminationist words and deeds in the U.S., there is little or no mainstream recognition of the phenomenon. Instead, we are treated to more denial, more distraction, more obfuscation. Until we look this problem squarely in the face ...