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Full-Text Articles in History

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2007

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Houve tempo em que a Constituição servia para poisar ou charuto ou tirar um argumento político, como ironicamente afirmaria o grande escritor oitocentista Eça de Queiroz. Hoje a Constituição é a norma das normas. Daí há consequências hermenêuticas. Ao contrário das teorias que importam interpretação tradicional e, por vezes, em grande medida ultrapassada, para o Direito Constitucional, a tendência actual é a inversa: dada a supremacia da Constituição, deve ser a metodologia constitucional a exportar hermenêutica para o todo do Direito. Para isso, começamos neste artigo com grandes princípios de hermenêutica intra-constitucional. Depois se passará à exportação.


The Challenges And Advantages Of Teaching Information Literacy Online, Diane Fulkerson Sep 2007

The Challenges And Advantages Of Teaching Information Literacy Online, Diane Fulkerson

Diane M. Fulkerson

No abstract provided.


How England Got Its Name, (1014-1035), George Beech Sep 2007

How England Got Its Name, (1014-1035), George Beech

George T. Beech

No abstract available.


An Officer Of Great Intelligence: Lewis Merrill—The Man Who Exposed The Ku Klux Klan, J. Michael Martinez Sep 2007

An Officer Of Great Intelligence: Lewis Merrill—The Man Who Exposed The Ku Klux Klan, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Abstract forthcoming.


Distress During The Great Depression: The Illiquidity-Insolvency Debate Revisited, Gary Richardson Sep 2007

Distress During The Great Depression: The Illiquidity-Insolvency Debate Revisited, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

During the contraction from 1929 to 1933, the Federal Reserve System tracked changes in the status of all banks operating in the United States and determined the cause of each bank suspension. This essay analyzes chronological patterns in aggregate series constructed from that data. The analysis demonstrates both illiquidity and insolvency were substantial sources of bank distress. Periods of heightened distress were correlated with periods of increased illiquidity. Contagion via correspondent networks and bank runs propagated the initial banking panics. As the depression deepened and asset values declined, insolvency loomed as the principal threat to depository institutions.


The Challenges And Advantages Of Teaching Information Literacy Online, Diane M. Fulkerson Sep 2007

The Challenges And Advantages Of Teaching Information Literacy Online, Diane M. Fulkerson

Diane Fulkerson

No abstract provided.


The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson Sep 2007

The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson

Mitchell J Nathanson

Too often, the Philadelphia sports fan has been dismissed as a lout, a boorish dolt immune to reason, his vocabulary whittled down to a singular “boo.” This is particularly true when it comes to Phillies fans, who are more likely to turn on their team than any other in the city. Although the Eagles, Sixers and Flyers may hear it from the rafters when they’re not going well, only the Phils will hear it when they are. The strained relationship between the city and the Phillies, however, has deep historical and sociological roots; roots that directly correlate with the ...


Deposit Insurance And Moral Hazard: Capital, Risk, Malfeasance, And Mismanagement. A Comment On ‘Deposit Insurance And Moral Hazard: Evidence From Texas Banking During The 1920s, Gary Richardson Aug 2007

Deposit Insurance And Moral Hazard: Capital, Risk, Malfeasance, And Mismanagement. A Comment On ‘Deposit Insurance And Moral Hazard: Evidence From Texas Banking During The 1920s, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

A Journal of Economic History article by Linda Hooks and Kenneth Robinson, “Deposit Insurance and Moral Hazard: Evidence from Texas Banking During the 1920s,” contains a contradiction (Hooks and Robinson 2002). Pondering the contradiction in the paper reveals insights that the authors may have overlooked. Hooks and Robinson’s article examines the experience of the banking industry in Texas during the 1920s. Texas operated a deposit-insurance system from January 1, 1910 until February 11, 1927. Deposit insurance was mandatory for all state banks, which were given the choice of two plans in which to participate. The preponderance participated in the ...


Check Is In The Mail: Correspondent Clearing And The Banking Panics Of The Great Depression, Gary Richardson Aug 2007

Check Is In The Mail: Correspondent Clearing And The Banking Panics Of The Great Depression, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

Weaknesses within the check-clearing system played a hitherto unrecognized role in the banking crises of the Great Depression. Correspondent check-clearing networks were vulnerable to counter-party cascades. Accounting conventions that overstated reserves available to corresponding institutions may have exacerbated the situation. The initial banking panic began when a correspondent network centered in Nashville collapsed, forcing over 100 institutions to suspend operations. As the contraction continued, additional correspondent systems imploded. The vulnerability of correspondent networks is one reason that banks that cleared via correspondents failed at higher rates than other institutions during the Great Depression.


Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900. – Book Review, Amilcar Shabazz Jul 2007

Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900. – Book Review, Amilcar Shabazz

Amilcar Shabazz

This review of was originally published in in Black Issues in Higher Education, April 16, 1998, entitled “Putting Black Voices In Print.” It is a review essay of Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory by Philip S. Foner and Robert J. Branham.


Faculty And Male Student Athletes In Higher Education: Racial Differences In The Environmental Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Keith Harrison Jun 2007

Faculty And Male Student Athletes In Higher Education: Racial Differences In The Environmental Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

Studies have examined the impact of environmental variables on academic achievement among student athletes in the revenue-generating sports of men’s basketball and football. However, while evidence concerning the positive impact of male student athlete and faculty interaction is virtually unequivocal, we are not certain whether the benefits accruing from particular types of interaction vary across different racial/ethnic groups. This study explores the relationship between male Black and White student athletes and faculty as well as the impact of specific forms of student athlete– faculty interaction on academic achievement. Data are drawn from the Cooperative Institutional Research Program’s ...


Connections Between East Africa And India Over 8,000 Years, Jesse Benjamin May 2007

Connections Between East Africa And India Over 8,000 Years, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


The Santa Barbara Public Library: History And Thematic Identifications, Michele Gibney May 2007

The Santa Barbara Public Library: History And Thematic Identifications, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

The paper describes the history of the public library in Santa Barbara from 1870 to 1926 while taking into account two of the thematic underpinnings of the American library tradition: women in the profession and the importance of books and libraries in the community. It is divided into three sections including, the importance of books and libraries, women librarianship, and the history of the Santa Barbara Public Library. The library’s ideology and history espouses the themes inherent in American library history. At the same time, some of the qualities of Santa Barbara’s library contradict prevalent ideas of the ...


Asana To America: The Advent Of Yoga In The West, M. Popovic, Don Morrow Apr 2007

Asana To America: The Advent Of Yoga In The West, M. Popovic, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Dialogue Television: The Climate Engineers, James Fleming Apr 2007

Dialogue Television: The Climate Engineers, James Fleming

James R. Fleming

The problem of global warming is getting massive public attention. This comes forty years after the first major government report outlining the problem. But there is considerable disagreement over what steps should be taken to mitigate the problem and some scientist fear that politicians are not displaying sufficient urgency. James Fleming describes the technological quick fixes proposed by some scientists and the problems they might create.


Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman Apr 2007

Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Unlocking The Stories Of Serendipitous Cultural Object Collections With Digital Libraries, Claudia Dold, James Ascher Mar 2007

Unlocking The Stories Of Serendipitous Cultural Object Collections With Digital Libraries, Claudia Dold, James Ascher

Claudia J. Dold

As a library exercise, we created an online visual database, using objects from the Karam Lebanon Collection at USF-Tampa Special Collections.


The Summit Series: Iconic Cornucopia Of Canadian Cultural Values, Don Morrow Mar 2007

The Summit Series: Iconic Cornucopia Of Canadian Cultural Values, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


The Voices Of Transformational Archetypal Energies: The Psychic Energy Behind Ahp's Mission, Carroy U. Ferguson Dr. Feb 2007

The Voices Of Transformational Archetypal Energies: The Psychic Energy Behind Ahp's Mission, Carroy U. Ferguson Dr.

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

I want to use this opportunity to expand on my previous message, which I called “Path of the Bridger,” a path nurtured by what I have called Archetypal Energies. Again, these are Higher Vibrational Energies with their own transcendent value, purpose, quality, and “voice” unique to the individual that operate deep within our psyches, at both individual and collective levels. And, we tend to experience them as “creative urges” to move us toward our highest good or optimal realities. My purpose in offering this perspective is simply to suggest to AHP members, and other kindred spirits, that there has been ...


Centum Homines: The Prototype Of The Alexander Mosaic And The Military Museum In The Hellenistic World, Peter Nulton Feb 2007

Centum Homines: The Prototype Of The Alexander Mosaic And The Military Museum In The Hellenistic World, Peter Nulton

Peter E. Nulton Ph.D.

Although it is generally accepted that the Alexander Mosaic copies a painting of the 4th Century BCE, the attribution of this prototype has never been settled. Numerous attempts have been made to associate it with painters recorded in Pliny's Natural History, notably Philoxenos of Eretria, and Alexander's court painter, Apelles.

If the painting were the work of any artist whose name survives, as strong a case can be made for Aristeides of Thebes as for Apelles or Philoxenos. Since Pliny's comment that Aristeides painted a battle against the Persians follows his treatment of the works of Apelles ...


The Black Metropolis In The Twenty-First Century: Race, Power And The Politics Of Place, Robert Bullard Dec 2006

The Black Metropolis In The Twenty-First Century: Race, Power And The Politics Of Place, Robert Bullard

Robert D Bullard

This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened ...


"The American System Of Social Security: Separating Fact From Fallacy", Max Skidmore Dec 2006

"The American System Of Social Security: Separating Fact From Fallacy", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Stray Cats And Katrina's Displaced: Dealing With Society's Expendables, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2006

Stray Cats And Katrina's Displaced: Dealing With Society's Expendables, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

No abstract provided.


Talking And Thinking About Qualitative Research, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, Y Lincoln, J Morse, R Pelias, L Richardson Dec 2006

Talking And Thinking About Qualitative Research, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, Y Lincoln, J Morse, R Pelias, L Richardson

Carolyn Ellis

Ethics has been a perennial concern of qualitative researchers. The subject has been confounded with the emergence of human subjects regulations, the increased concern with indigenous communities, the globalization of research practices, and the breakdown of barriers between researcher and subject. The original contributions to this volume highlight the key topics that face contemporary qualitative researchers and those that will likely emerge in the near future. Written by many of the leading figures in the field—Lincoln, Denzin, Schwandt, Richardson, Ellis, Bochner, Morse, among others—this book will help shape the ethical response of the field to the challenges presented ...


Cities Of God And Nationalism: Mecca, Jerusalem, And Rome As Contested Sacred World Cities, Khaldoun Samman Dec 2006

Cities Of God And Nationalism: Mecca, Jerusalem, And Rome As Contested Sacred World Cities, Khaldoun Samman

Khaldoun Samman

Far from spawning an age of tolerance, modernity has created the social basis of division and exclusion. This book elaborates this provocative claim as it explores the rich but divided histories of three cities located at the crossroads of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Many observers presume that violence is built into these sacred cities because their citizens cling to religious or cultural ideals of some archaic age; only when this history is overcome can citizens enter a new age of brotherhood. Samman persuades us to refocus our attention on modernity, which has instilled troubling dilemmas from the outside. He shows ...


"Real Reforms To Enhance, Not Curtail, Social Security", Max Skidmore, George Mcgovern Dec 2006

"Real Reforms To Enhance, Not Curtail, Social Security", Max Skidmore, George Mcgovern

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Moose Crossing: Portland To Portland On The Theodore Roosevelt International Highway, Max Skidmore Dec 2006

Moose Crossing: Portland To Portland On The Theodore Roosevelt International Highway, Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

A history of the northernmost transcontinental road in the US in the1920s and 1930s, including a discussion of the development of ground transportation in the early 20th century, and an account of a modern journey over the old route, a distance of more than 4000 miles; a discussion of Theodore Roosevelt and a brief biography is included.


Why The Rwandan Genocide Seemed Like A Drive-By Shooting: The Crisis Of Race, Culture, And Policy In The African Diaspora, Seneca Vaught Dec 2006

Why The Rwandan Genocide Seemed Like A Drive-By Shooting: The Crisis Of Race, Culture, And Policy In The African Diaspora, Seneca Vaught

Seneca Vaught

From the American perspective, the Rwandan genocide developed amidst a cultural and racial crisis of the 1990s. The American attitude towards the crisis in Kigali provides a complex historical case study on how race and culture have profound and often-ignored policy implications. Specifically, the lack of American intervention in Rwanda reveals the complexity race and policy in American history and the shared fates of Africans throughout the world. Taken as a whole, the domestic cultural background of the early 1990s, including the rise of gangsta rap, rioting, and the dilemma of "black-on-black crime," collectively influenced American policy towards Africa at ...


La Governance Nell'azienda Comune Di Milano Dall'xi Al Xiii Secolo, Paola Saracino Dec 2006

La Governance Nell'azienda Comune Di Milano Dall'xi Al Xiii Secolo, Paola Saracino

Paola Saracino

L’idea di una ricerca a carattere storico sulla Governance nell’azienda Comune di Milano tra il secolo XI e XIII nasce dalla piena condivisione del pensiero di De Roover circa l’ oggetto di indagine della storia della ragioneria; lo storico infatti afferma che la storia della ragioneria, oltre ad indagare le origini dei conti, deve anche occuparsi della struttura e amministrazione delle aziende del passato al fine di analizzarne la direzione o governo, la gestione, il controllo e la programmazione. La presente ricerca storica assume come quadro teorico di riferimento alcuni assiomi che vengono delineati riprendendo anche alcuni cenni ...


Living Long With Short Bowel Syndrome: An Historical Case Of Twenty-Nine Years Of Living With Home Parenteral Nutrition, Julie Fairman, C Compher, J Morris, J Mullen Dec 2006

Living Long With Short Bowel Syndrome: An Historical Case Of Twenty-Nine Years Of Living With Home Parenteral Nutrition, Julie Fairman, C Compher, J Morris, J Mullen

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.