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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Articles 31 - 60 of 1269

Full-Text Articles in History

Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill Apr 2018

Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

A brief account of the role of Romain Gary's novel 'The Roots of Heaven' in the author's radicalisation in the 1960s.


Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam Mar 2018

Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam

Davide Tanasi

The study and reconstruction of ancient dietary habits has become a very significant topic in archaeological research. Most chemical analysis studies for diet at Greek sites are limited to prehistory, with very few examples of studies for the Classical period. This paper represents a pilot study of stable isotope analysis carried out on a group of 15 individuals selected among the population interred in the Archaic necropolis of Scala Greca at Syracuse (Sicily), a cemetery discovered in 2010-2011. Based on the funerary assemblages and certain features such as shape, dimensions, coverage system and architectural features, a preliminary distinction has been ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn Feb 2018

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 3.”
 


Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller Feb 2018

Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller

Nick Miller

This article examines the movement of Orthodox Christian refugees from Bosnia to the Habsburg Monarchy in the 1530s and their settlement in a district called Žumberak. The movement of these Uskoks has never been examined in the context of refugee studies. This study of a refugee movement and settlement over a five-century period offers the possibility of reaching a better understanding of the long-term outcome of refugee movements. Ultimately, this article suggests that the refugees affected the land they settled as much as the settlement zone affected them, and that, in this case, the refugees were able to define their ...


Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan Feb 2018

Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’ Jan 2018

Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’

Karreem Mebane

Sacred Heart University students, faculty and staff gathered in University Commons recently for a celebration of Martin Luther King, Jr. that focused on being aware, calling out injustices and creating change.
The event, “Celebration and Reflection: The Many Voices of Social Justice,”—which took place two days after what would have been King’s 89th birthday—was moderated by Karreem Mebane, director of Volunteer Programs and Service Learning.


Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer Jan 2018

Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer

Barry Mauer

On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen killed 49 people and injured 53 at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. We may never know or understand what was in Mateen’s mind, but we can situate his attack within the history of eliminationism in America. Islamist terrorism is just part of a larger phenomenon: right wing eliminationism. But despite centuries of right wing eliminationist words and deeds in the U.S., there is little or no mainstream recognition of the phenomenon. Instead, we are treated to more denial, more distraction, more obfuscation. Until we look this problem squarely in the face ...


The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn Dec 2017

The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

The Rangeley Spinner was invented in western Maine almost 140 years ago. The spinner's inventor, and first manufacturer, was long-time Maine Fisheries Commissioner, Henry O. Stanley of Dixfield. This exceptionally popular fishing spinner has stood the test of time by being made and sold continuously by many makers in many places, but mostly in Maine, for more than a century. This book will document this fishing lure's history, the many varieties made, and the spinner's numerous makers.

The book's working outline is as follows: Preface, Introduction, Anatomy of a Rangeley Spinner, Henry O. Stanley - The Originator ...


Virginia E. Randolph: A Hero Of African American Schooling In Virginia, Declan J. Horrigan Dec 2017

Virginia E. Randolph: A Hero Of African American Schooling In Virginia, Declan J. Horrigan

Scott T. Allison

Virginia Randolph went to extraordinary measures throughout her life to give
the gift of education to as many people as she could. Throughout her life she
remained fiercely committed to her goal of making school available to everyone,
especially for African-American children of her time.


Patrick Henry: The Revolutionary Hero, Bailey A. Gillespy Dec 2017

Patrick Henry: The Revolutionary Hero, Bailey A. Gillespy

Scott T. Allison

This chapter explores several factors that drove Patrick Henry towards heroism,
examines what kind of hero he was, and addresses how his heroic action
impacted America. I will discuss the various steps of Henry’s heroic journey
using Christopher Vogler’s (2007) twelve step model, based on Joseph
Campbell’s (1949) hero’s monomyth. I will identify the attributes that enabled
Henry to achieve heroic status, drawing from Allison and Goethals’ (2011)
conceptualization of the great eight traits of heroes, and I will examine the
events of his life that led to the acquisition of these traits. I will examine ...


May Keller: The Hero Who Defied All Odds, Aliya J. Sultan Dec 2017

May Keller: The Hero Who Defied All Odds, Aliya J. Sultan

Scott T. Allison

In this chapter, I will explore Keller’s heroic traits and examine what factors
specifically make her a Richmond hero. I will describe the stages of Keller’s
heroic journey and discuss Joseph Campbell’s monomyth, which includes
three major events: departure, initiation, and return. From there I will look at
how Keller exhibited the great eight heroic traits from Allison and Goethals’
(2011) list of eight qualities that every hero possesses. I will also discuss how
Keller’s leadership affected her social identity and why her gender had an
influence on her leadership as well. I will also describe ...


John Marshall: The Supreme Hero Of Justice, Emmalyn G. Dressel Dec 2017

John Marshall: The Supreme Hero Of Justice, Emmalyn G. Dressel

Scott T. Allison

The goal in this chapter is to uncover the true story of John Marshall by
focusing on his life story and dispositional characteristics that gave rise to
his heroism. This analysis will begin with a description of his heroic journey,
focusing on his childhood and on those who played a central role in his heroic
formation. Crucial points that led to his transformation of self and society
will also be described, highlighting the important characteristics prevalent
in his heroic transformations. Our analysis will then turn to a description his
avowed purpose in life, also showing how his sense of meaning ...


Lawrence Douglas Wilder: The Black Pioneer, Janell M. Spigner Dec 2017

Lawrence Douglas Wilder: The Black Pioneer, Janell M. Spigner

Scott T. Allison

This chapter seeks to unlock the intriguing complexity of Wilder’s heroism
and strives to give Wilder’s heroism the methodical reveling it deserves.
Specifically, the chapter will begin by exploring Wilder’s heroism through
the metaphorical lens of Joseph Campbell’s hero monomyth. Following that
exploration will be an analytical look at the qualities Wilder possesses that
place him among the pantheon of heroes. Then I will delve into the major
transformations that Wilder underwent internally, and how he also use his
transformations to transform others. Finally, the chapter will look at the lasting
imprint that Wilder is still ...


Mary Sue Terry: The Hero Who Defied The Double Bind, Thomas J. Villani Dec 2017

Mary Sue Terry: The Hero Who Defied The Double Bind, Thomas J. Villani

Scott T. Allison

This chapter focuses on Mary Sue Terry’s heroism. Specifically, the goal of this chapter is to
demonstrate how Terry’s life followed Joseph Campbell’s classic monomyth
of the hero, how she underwent important personal transformations, how
she transformed others in meaningful ways, what type of hero she was, and
what heroic traits she displayed. From this analysis, the unmistakable conclusion
that one can reach is that Mary Sue Terry is one of the most inspiring
Richmond heroes in the city’s history.


Mary Elizabeth Bowser: The Humble Hero, Morgan E. Caron Dec 2017

Mary Elizabeth Bowser: The Humble Hero, Morgan E. Caron

Scott T. Allison

In this chapter, I will detail the heroic life of Mary Elizabeth Bowser. In doing
so, I will describe her life story and note the many ways that it parallels the
hero's journey as described by comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell
(1949). I will also discuss the central characteristics of Bowser that correspond
to the traits of a hero. Moreover, my goal is to delve into her heroic transformation,
noting the sources of her transformation and the many people who
helped her grow and evolve in significant ways. Finally, I will apply several
other theories and principles of heroism science ...


Unsung Heroes Of Richmond: The Extraordinary Feats Of Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, And Sally Tompkins, Mikaela R. Rosen Dec 2017

Unsung Heroes Of Richmond: The Extraordinary Feats Of Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, And Sally Tompkins, Mikaela R. Rosen

Scott T. Allison

This chapter will investigate
the lives of three important citizens of Richmond, Virginia, who have made
important contributions to humanity. First, important definitions and theories
of heroism will be provided. Then the chapter will classify and discuss
the heroism of Richmond’s own Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, and Sally
Tompkins. The chapter concludes by discussing possible explanations as to
why these three heroes have remained largely unknown.


E. Claiborne And Lora Robins: The Convergence Of Two Selfless Heroes, Lauren J. Weingarten Dec 2017

E. Claiborne And Lora Robins: The Convergence Of Two Selfless Heroes, Lauren J. Weingarten

Scott T. Allison

By coupling personal histories with theories of heroism, this chapter offers
an analysis of how E. Claiborne Robins and Lora Robins inspired each other
to become heroes, how they saved the University of Richmond with their
supremely generous gift, and how they continued to lead a life of purpose
thereafter.


Saving A University On The Brink: The Heroism Of E. Claiborne And Lora Robins, Lauren J. Weingarten Dec 2017

Saving A University On The Brink: The Heroism Of E. Claiborne And Lora Robins, Lauren J. Weingarten

Scott T. Allison

This article describes the heroic efforts of E. Claiborne and Lora Robins in saving the University of Richmond from the brink of bankruptcy. These two heroes' personal transformations will in part be explained by drawing upon
Allison and Goethals’ (2011) great eight traits of a hero, as well as the need for
a hero to discover his or her missing inner quality. Just how the Robins transformed
the community at the University of Richmond will then be discussed,
taking into account their family’s more recent history of generosity and the
Robins’ image as role models.


Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018) Dec 2017

Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018)

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Queer Politics In Neoliberal Times (1970s-2010s), Margot Weiss Dec 2017

Queer Politics In Neoliberal Times (1970s-2010s), Margot Weiss

Margot Weiss

Neoliberalism has had a profound effect on post-1970s LGBT/queer cultures and politics. This essay reviews how, by privatizing social services, fostering consumer citizenship, and promoting corporate welfare and urban redevelopment, neoliberal policies have pit “deserving” gays and lesbians against “undeserving” others: the same-sex married couple vs. the “welfare queen,” the gay/lesbian consumer-citizen vs. the poor queer, and the gay gentrifier vs. the “dangerous” other. Historicizing these oppositions reveals the intersections of sexuality, class, gender, race, and social policy that remain central to queer politics today.


Troubling Heritage: Intimate Pasts And Public Memories At Derry/Londonderry’S 'Temple', Margo Shea Dec 2017

Troubling Heritage: Intimate Pasts And Public Memories At Derry/Londonderry’S 'Temple', Margo Shea

Margo Shea

High on the east bank of the River Foyle, literally at ‘the Top of the Hill’ at the highest elevation in the city limits of Derry/Londonderry, Northern Ireland, a temple stood briefly. At 72 feet high, it towered over its surroundings, a thin spire mirroring the city’s cathedral steeples on the river’s opposite bank. The sign at its entrance instructed ‘Leave a memory behind, let go of the past and look to the future.’ Memories relinquished would not remain – at least not in their material forms. ‘Temple’ was made to be ephemeral, built to be consumed in ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Ii. George H. Burtis And His Highly-Touted “Irresistible Trolling Bait.”, William B. Krohn Nov 2017

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Ii. George H. Burtis And His Highly-Touted “Irresistible Trolling Bait.”, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 2.”
 
 
 


Laws Of Image: Privacy And Publicity In America, Samantha Barbas Nov 2017

Laws Of Image: Privacy And Publicity In America, Samantha Barbas

Samantha Barbas

Americans have long been obsessed with their images—their looks, public personas, and the impressions they make. This preoccupation has left its mark on the law. The twentieth century saw the creation of laws that protect your right to control your public image, to defend your image, and to feel good about your image and public presentation of self. These include the legal actions against invasion of privacy, libel, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. With these laws came the phenomenon of "personal image litigation"—individuals suing to vindicate their image rights. Laws of Image tells the story of how ...


The Illusion Of Parity: Determining Us Policy In The Post-Post Soviet Period, Kyle Sallee Nov 2017

The Illusion Of Parity: Determining Us Policy In The Post-Post Soviet Period, Kyle Sallee

Kyle Sallee

For 70 years, Soviet schoolchildren were taught “Moya rodina — Sovetskiy Soyuz (TheSoviet Union is my motherland),” but the motherland would be brought to her knees in 1991 as the trans-national Soviet identity disappeared with the collapse of the Soviet Empire, taking with it the ruins of the ideological, social, and political institutions that had supported civilization in the USSR and the Eastern Bloc for generations. What remained in the wake, a nuclear apparatus which was second only to that of the United States, would be the cause of an ongoing discourse between the Russian Federation and the United States. This ...


Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill Sep 2017

Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review article based on the author's reading of the autobiographical novel by Stephen Moline, Red (Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2017). The novel is discussed in the context of the historiography of the Communist Party of Australia.


Conflicting Philosophies: Two University Librarians And A Presidential Bibliophile, Meg Miner Aug 2017

Conflicting Philosophies: Two University Librarians And A Presidential Bibliophile, Meg Miner

Meg Miner

This case study explores how one personal interest of President Minor Myers, jr.—that of a life-long book collector—influenced the University’s library collections and its leaders. Myers arrived with a desire to make IWU a nationally recognized, Phi Beta Kappa–affiliated institution. As one tactic for achieving these goals, Myers actively engaged in library collection development through practices shaped by his methods of book collecting. Bulk acquisitions—through gifts-in-kind and lot purchases—and a prohibition on weeding aided in his pursuits. His vision for the library challenged the style of the first university librarian (UL) who resigned two ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part I: Tackle Maker To Downtown Banker: The Story Of John W. Shields, William B. Krohn Aug 2017

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part I: Tackle Maker To Downtown Banker: The Story Of John W. Shields, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under "EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 1."


Fall 2017 Report On "Portrait Of A Collector", Meg Miner Aug 2017

Fall 2017 Report On "Portrait Of A Collector", Meg Miner

Meg Miner

The four final products (a collection of interviews with people who knew Myers, two essays, and one peer reviewed article) comprised in the 2016 sabbatical project on Minor Myers, jr. are described here. An explanation of works planned but not completed is also available.


Is U.S. Public Sector Labor Relations In The Midst Of A Transformation?, Harry C. Katz Jul 2017

Is U.S. Public Sector Labor Relations In The Midst Of A Transformation?, Harry C. Katz

Harry C Katz

In this article the author assesses whether a fundamental transformation is underway in public sector (state and local government) labor relations in the United States by revisiting the arguments made by the author and Kochan and McKersie (1986) regarding the transformation of labor relations in the private sector. The author argues that the economic pressures that led to a transformation of private sector labor relations starting in the 1980s have not played a comparable role in recent developments in the public sector because of the political nature of labor relations in that sector. Other insights are drawn from a comparison ...


After The Interview, Jenna E. Nolt Jul 2017

After The Interview, Jenna E. Nolt

Jenna Nolt

No abstract provided.