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Full-Text Articles in History

Katama Mkangi's Epistemological And Political Legacy For Researchers Of East Africa's Coastal History: Implications Of Subaltern Speech, Jesse Benjamin Oct 2005

Katama Mkangi's Epistemological And Political Legacy For Researchers Of East Africa's Coastal History: Implications Of Subaltern Speech, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


The Prudent Village: Risk Pooling Institutions In Medieval English Agriculture, Gary Richardson May 2005

The Prudent Village: Risk Pooling Institutions In Medieval English Agriculture, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

The prudent peasant mitigated the risk of crop failures by scattering his arable land throughout his village, Deirdre McCloskey argued, because alternative risksharing institutions did not exist. But, alternatives did exist, this essay concludes. Medieval English peasants formed two types of farmers’ cooperatives. Fraternities protected members from the perils of everyday life. Customary poor laws redistributed resources towards villagers beset by bad luck. In both institutions, the expectation of reciprocation motivated farmers with surpluses to aid neighbors with shortages.


Twentieth Century Economics Of Child-Rearing In Japan, Michele Gibney May 2005

Twentieth Century Economics Of Child-Rearing In Japan, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

In order to explain the falling Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in Japan, it is necessary to look at the social factors affecting women and raising children in Japan. By examining historical factors surrounding women in Japan—their education, their presence in the workforce, and the cultural stigmas attached to their stereotypical representation—I will attempt to describe the deteriorating TFR in Japan as an economic problem with political and social repercussions. In conclusion I will also try to provide a prognosis and a recommendation for a solution.


Asia Country Risk Analysis Cambodia, Michele Gibney May 2005

Asia Country Risk Analysis Cambodia, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

Cambodia, as it currently stands, does not make for an attractive or viable investment area. Based on a realistic point of view, Cambodia poses many security risks to potential investors based on their current domestic situation. In order to understand why this is so, this risk analysis will outline Cambodia’s internal domestic situation as it comes out of their tumultuous history. In addition to this the risk analysis will identify Cambodia’s bilateral and multilateral relations and explain how these do not provide strong support for investors looking to do business in Cambodia. In conclusion the risk analysis will ...


The Swahili Coast, Jesse Benjamin May 2005

The Swahili Coast, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Historical Analysis And Impact Of Ken Dryden’S The Game, Don Morrow Apr 2005

Historical Analysis And Impact Of Ken Dryden’S The Game, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Christianity And Craft Guilds In Late Medieval England: A Rational Choice Analysis, Gary Richardson Apr 2005

Christianity And Craft Guilds In Late Medieval England: A Rational Choice Analysis, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

In late-medieval England, craft guilds simultaneously pursued piety and profit. Why did guilds pursue those seemingly unrelated goals? What were the consequences of that combination? Theories of organizational behavior answer those questions. Craft guilds combined spiritual and occupational endeavors because the former facilitated the success of the latter and vice versa. The reciprocal nature of this relationship linked the ability of guilds to attain spiritual and occupational goals. This link between religion and economics at the local level connected religious and economic trends in the wider world.


A Literary Analysis Of Ken Dryden’S The Game.”, Don Morrow Mar 2005

A Literary Analysis Of Ken Dryden’S The Game.”, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


South Korea, Michele Gibney Mar 2005

South Korea, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

An brief introduction and overview to South Korea's economic history touching on reunification attempts with North Korea, chaebols, and product wars with Japan, America, and China.


Sex Selection & Pre Birth Elimination Of Girl Child, Professor Vibhuti Patel Mar 2005

Sex Selection & Pre Birth Elimination Of Girl Child, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act was enacted in 1994 as a result of pressure created by Forum Against Sex-determination and Sex –preselection. But it was not implemented. After another decade of campaigning by women’s rights organisations and public interest litigation filed by CEHAT, MASUM and Dr. Sabu George, The Pre-natal Diagnostics Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Amendment Act, 2002 received the assent of the President of India on 17-1-2003. The Act provides “for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception, and for regulation of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purposes of detecting genetic abnormalities or metabolic disorders ...


Law's Box: Law, Jurisprudence And The Information Ecosphere, Paul D. Callister Feb 2005

Law's Box: Law, Jurisprudence And The Information Ecosphere, Paul D. Callister

Paul D. Callister

For so long as it has been important to know “what the law is,” the practice of law has been an information profession. Nonetheless, just how the information ecosphere affects legal discourse and thinking has never been systematically studied. Legal scholars study how law attempts to regulate information flow, but they say little about how information limits, shapes, and provides a medium for law to operate.

Part I of the paper introduces a holistic approach to “medium theory”—the idea that methods of communication influence social development and ideology—and applies the theory to the development of legal thinking and ...


"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore Feb 2005

"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


“Towards A Non-Essentialist Pedagogy Of ‘Islam’”, Khaldoun Samman Dec 2004

“Towards A Non-Essentialist Pedagogy Of ‘Islam’”, Khaldoun Samman

Khaldoun Samman

No abstract provided.


Public Health And Environmentalism: Adding Garbage To The History Of Environmental Ethics, Steven Corey, Christopher Preston Dec 2004

Public Health And Environmentalism: Adding Garbage To The History Of Environmental Ethics, Steven Corey, Christopher Preston

Steven H. Corey

No abstract provided.


"Presidents And The Development Of Medicare In The U. S.", Max Skidmore Dec 2004

"Presidents And The Development Of Medicare In The U. S.", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Sport In Canada: A History, Donald Morrow, Kevin Wamsley Dec 2004

Sport In Canada: A History, Donald Morrow, Kevin Wamsley

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


A Fall Fur-Hunt From Maine To New Brunswick, Canada – The 1858 Journal Of Manly Hardy, William Krohn Dec 2004

A Fall Fur-Hunt From Maine To New Brunswick, Canada – The 1858 Journal Of Manly Hardy, William Krohn

William B. Krohn

This paper supplements Krohn’s book about Many Hardy. In addition to publishing Hardy’s 1858 diary, a descriptive list of all Hardy diaries on file at Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine is presented.


The Life And Writings Of Manly Hardy (1832-1910): Fur Buyer, Hunter, And Naturalist, William Krohn Dec 2004

The Life And Writings Of Manly Hardy (1832-1910): Fur Buyer, Hunter, And Naturalist, William Krohn

William B. Krohn

Manly Hardy was a nineteenth century businessman from Brewer, Maine. Like his father, Hardy owned and worked farmlands and woodlots, and two wharfs along the Penobscot River. The Hardys’ primary source of income was as dealers in animal hides and raw furs. The father of Maine historian Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, Hardy hunted and traveled along the Down East Coast early in his life and throughout his life took trips to the forests of eastern, central, and northern Maine. This book is intended for folklorists, historians, biologists, hunters, trappers, and others interested in northern New England’s outdoor heritage. Although out ...


The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt Dec 2004

The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This study analyzes the constitutional provisions in 44 predominantly Muslim countries addressing the relationship between religion and the state, freedom of religion or belief, and other related human rights as measured against recognized international human rights standards. The geographic diversity of the Muslim world mirrors a central finding of the study, that predominantly Muslim countries encompass a variety of constitutional arrangements - ranging from Islamic republics with Islam as the official state religion, to secular states with strict separation of religion and state. Key findings of the survey include: More than half of the world's Muslim population (estimated at over ...


The Ethnographic I And Intimate Journalism, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2004

The Ethnographic I And Intimate Journalism, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

As a sociology and communication ethnographer, I specialize in writing autoethnographies-ethnographies that focus on personal and emotional life. In this paper, originally prepared for the China Communication Forum of 2004, I introduce and demonstrate an autoethnographic perspective to doing social science research. Additionally, I discuss the relationship of ethnography to American journalism, in particular, intimate journalism, which tries to evoke the everyday, intimate lives of people and make emotional connections among the reader, writer, and story told.


"The Presidency Of U. S. Grant: A Reconsideration", Max Skidmore Dec 2004

"The Presidency Of U. S. Grant: A Reconsideration", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


The 'Diaspora' Diaspora, Rogers Brubaker Dec 2004

The 'Diaspora' Diaspora, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

As the use of ‘diaspora’ has proliferated in the last decade, its meaning has been stretched in various directions. This article traces the dispersion of the term in semantic, conceptual and disciplinary space; analyses three core elements that continue to be understood as constitutive of diaspora; assesses claims made by theorists of diaspora about a radical shift in perspective and a fundamental change in the social world; and proposes to treat diaspora not as a bounded entity but as an idiom, stance andclaim.


The Florence Stockade In South Carolina, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2004

The Florence Stockade In South Carolina, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Abstract forthcoming.


“Diacuí Killed Iracema: Indigenism, Nationalism And The Struggle For Brazilianness”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2004

“Diacuí Killed Iracema: Indigenism, Nationalism And The Struggle For Brazilianness”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


Luxury In The Wilderness, Yellowstone's Grand Canyon Hotel, 1911-1960, Tamsen Hert Dec 2004

Luxury In The Wilderness, Yellowstone's Grand Canyon Hotel, 1911-1960, Tamsen Hert

Tamsen Hert

No abstract provided.


Beyond Theme Parks And Digitized Data: What Can Cultural Heritage Technologies Contribute To The Public Understanding Of The Past?, Neil A. Silberman Dec 2004

Beyond Theme Parks And Digitized Data: What Can Cultural Heritage Technologies Contribute To The Public Understanding Of The Past?, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (English), Gil J. Villagran Dec 2004

Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (English), Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

About my father's experience as a Bracero


"(En)Gendering Cooking", Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D. Dec 2004

"(En)Gendering Cooking", Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D.

Mandy (Amanda) Swygart-Hobaugh

No abstract provided.


Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (Spanish/Espanol), Gil J. Villagran Dec 2004

Beto, El Escritor De Cartas De Los Braceros (Spanish/Espanol), Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

About my father's experience as a Bracero (in Spanish)


Desafios Da Constituição Europeia À Teoria Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2004

Desafios Da Constituição Europeia À Teoria Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

The project of the “Treaty that establishes a Constitution for the Europe”, beyond its political consequences, puts some challenges to the classical constitutional theory. At first sight, it seems completely heterodox towards canon constitutional tendencies, and first of all in what concerns the constituent power classical theories. However, a more rigorous analysis of the history of the modern constitutionalism and its founding texts, mainly French, can lead us to detect very revealing bridges between the liberal modern constitutionalism of the XVIIIth century and the present constitution making of a codified European Constitution. The “treaty” formula that was adopted also represents ...