Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 33

Full-Text Articles in History

Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze Dec 2018

Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze

Arnaud Kurze

This project explores the creation of alternative transitional justice spaces in post-conflict contexts, particularly concentrating on the role of art and the impact of social movements to address human rights abuses. Drawing from post-authoritarian Tunisia, it scrutinizes the work of contemporary youth activists and artists to deal with the past and foster sociopolitical change. Although these vanguard protesters provoked the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, the power vacuum was quickly filled by old elites. The exclusion of young revolutionaries from political decision-making led to unprecedented forms of mobilization to account for repression and injustice under ...


Exploring Echo-Systems: How Algorithms Shape Immersive Media Environments, James N. Cohen Nov 2018

Exploring Echo-Systems: How Algorithms Shape Immersive Media Environments, James N. Cohen

James Cohen

In the lead up to the 2016 election, fake news often “outperformed” actual news in users’ social media feeds (Silverman, 2016). This paper attempts to analyze the process in which fake news proliferates social networking sites and presents a method of understanding and articulating ways in which personalized feeds are shaped by algorithm-based user feedback. The algorithm systems are embedded programs that analyze past user data and search history in combination with other users’ searches and history to calculate digital outcomes, anticipate possible recommendations, and present consumers with feeds that represent their own unique immersive media environments.

As of August ...


The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill Oct 2018

The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of The Far Left in Australia Since 1945, edited by Jon Piccini, Evan Smith and Matthew Worley (Routledge, 2019).


Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal Aug 2018

Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal

Jennifer Deal, MA, MLIS

See how one health care system digitized and uploaded historical photographs and printed materials for their IR.


Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner Jul 2018

Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Mystery To History: An Uncommon Way To Teach The Common Core, Reneé C. Lyons, Deborah Parrott May 2018

Mystery To History: An Uncommon Way To Teach The Common Core, Reneé C. Lyons, Deborah Parrott

Reneé C. Lyons

With the transition to Common Core, school librarians are called to collaborate with teachers as well as to provide library media instruction for the preparation of our students in college and career readiness. How do we assist our teachers with Common Core instruction while preserving our love of fiction? How do we achieve Common Core Standards in our own instruction while sharing our treasured stories? Although Common Core focuses on informational text, there are numerous ways in which we can incorporate fiction as well as nonfiction into the curriculum.


Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell May 2018

Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

I have just returned from five days in the earthquake disaster zone in Sichuan province, where I was a member of the “People’s Olympic Education Promotion Team” that visited Deyang city to conduct “Youth Olympic Games Re-enactments” at six local primary and secondary schools. There I realized that for the people we encountered, The Torch is a sacred object. I call it The Torch because that is what they called it – 火炬 – as if there were only one, and no further adjectives were necessary.

The project expressed the mission of Donnie Pei, a professor at the Capital Institute of ...


The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell May 2018

The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

Yale CEAS Occasional Publication Series - Volume 3


Exploring Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy May 2018

Exploring Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy

Desiree Butterfield-Nagy

The maps produced by the Sanborn Map Company, originally created for the purpose of assessing insurance costs, continue to provide some of the most comprehensive coverage of cities and towns in the United States, including detailed plans of streets and buildings dating from the late 1800s for more than 12,000 towns, including communities in Maine.

Groups attending this session will learn about the history of the Sanborn Map Company and the making of these maps. Be sure to choose your favorite corner in the downtown area of your town and see how it changed from 1884 to 1921. We ...


Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito May 2018

Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito

Natsu Taylor Saito

The primacy accorded individual civil and political rights is often touted as one of the United States' greatest achievements. However, mass incarcerations of indefinite duration have occurred consistently throughout U.S. history and have primarily targeted people of color. The dominant narrative insists that the United States is a political democracy and portrays each instance of indefinite detention in exceptionalist terms. This essay argues that the historical patterns of indefinite detention are better explained by recognizing the United States as a settler colonial state whose claimed prerogative to expand its territorial reach and contain/control populations over which it exercises ...


Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill Apr 2018

Rebel Roots.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

A brief account of the role of Romain Gary's novel 'The Roots of Heaven' in the author's radicalisation in the 1960s.


Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam Mar 2018

Stable Isotope Analysis Of The Dietary Habits Of A Greek Community In Archaic Syracuse (Sicily): A Pilot Study, Davide Tanasi, Robert Tykot, Andrea Vianello, Stephan Hassam

Davide Tanasi

The study and reconstruction of ancient dietary habits has become a very significant topic in archaeological research. Most chemical analysis studies for diet at Greek sites are limited to prehistory, with very few examples of studies for the Classical period. This paper represents a pilot study of stable isotope analysis carried out on a group of 15 individuals selected among the population interred in the Archaic necropolis of Scala Greca at Syracuse (Sicily), a cemetery discovered in 2010-2011. Based on the funerary assemblages and certain features such as shape, dimensions, coverage system and architectural features, a preliminary distinction has been ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn Feb 2018

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 3.”
 


Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller Feb 2018

Žumberak: A Sixteenth-Century Refugee Settlement Zone, Nicholas J. Miller

Nick Miller

This article examines the movement of Orthodox Christian refugees from Bosnia to the Habsburg Monarchy in the 1530s and their settlement in a district called Žumberak. The movement of these Uskoks has never been examined in the context of refugee studies. This study of a refugee movement and settlement over a five-century period offers the possibility of reaching a better understanding of the long-term outcome of refugee movements. Ultimately, this article suggests that the refugees affected the land they settled as much as the settlement zone affected them, and that, in this case, the refugees were able to define their ...


Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan Feb 2018

Ethical Terrorism? Contact Rhetoric And Mandela’S Rivonia Address, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


Presidential Research Resources, Lisa Deluca Jan 2018

Presidential Research Resources, Lisa Deluca

Lisa DeLuca, MLIS, MPA

This article highlights the breadth of freely available digital collections of presidential documents. These repositories are excellent resources for presidential, political science, history, and foreign relations research. From the resources listed in this article, librarians can choose multiple starting points for student and faculty research inquiries for primary and secondary sources that include handwritten documents by the founding fathers, interview transcriptions,
digitized documents, and photographs.


Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’ Jan 2018

Sacred Heart University Celebrates Mlk, Encourages Students To ‘Stay Woke’

Karreem Mebane

Sacred Heart University students, faculty and staff gathered in University Commons recently for a celebration of Martin Luther King, Jr. that focused on being aware, calling out injustices and creating change.
The event, “Celebration and Reflection: The Many Voices of Social Justice,”—which took place two days after what would have been King’s 89th birthday—was moderated by Karreem Mebane, director of Volunteer Programs and Service Learning.


Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer Jan 2018

Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer

Barry Mauer

On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen killed 49 people and injured 53 at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. We may never know or understand what was in Mateen’s mind, but we can situate his attack within the history of eliminationism in America. Islamist terrorism is just part of a larger phenomenon: right wing eliminationism. But despite centuries of right wing eliminationist words and deeds in the U.S., there is little or no mainstream recognition of the phenomenon. Instead, we are treated to more denial, more distraction, more obfuscation. Until we look this problem squarely in the face ...


The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn Dec 2017

The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

The Rangeley Spinner was invented in western Maine almost 140 years ago. The spinner's inventor, and first manufacturer, was long-time Maine Fisheries Commissioner, Henry O. Stanley of Dixfield. This exceptionally popular fishing spinner has stood the test of time by being made and sold continuously by many makers in many places, but mostly in Maine, for more than a century. This book will document this fishing lure's history, the many varieties made, and the spinner's numerous makers.

The book's working outline is as follows: Preface, Introduction, Anatomy of a Rangeley Spinner, Henry O. Stanley - The Originator ...


Virginia E. Randolph: A Hero Of African American Schooling In Virginia, Declan J. Horrigan Dec 2017

Virginia E. Randolph: A Hero Of African American Schooling In Virginia, Declan J. Horrigan

Scott T. Allison

Virginia Randolph went to extraordinary measures throughout her life to give
the gift of education to as many people as she could. Throughout her life she
remained fiercely committed to her goal of making school available to everyone,
especially for African-American children of her time.


Patrick Henry: The Revolutionary Hero, Bailey A. Gillespy Dec 2017

Patrick Henry: The Revolutionary Hero, Bailey A. Gillespy

Scott T. Allison

This chapter explores several factors that drove Patrick Henry towards heroism,
examines what kind of hero he was, and addresses how his heroic action
impacted America. I will discuss the various steps of Henry’s heroic journey
using Christopher Vogler’s (2007) twelve step model, based on Joseph
Campbell’s (1949) hero’s monomyth. I will identify the attributes that enabled
Henry to achieve heroic status, drawing from Allison and Goethals’ (2011)
conceptualization of the great eight traits of heroes, and I will examine the
events of his life that led to the acquisition of these traits. I will examine ...


May Keller: The Hero Who Defied All Odds, Aliya J. Sultan Dec 2017

May Keller: The Hero Who Defied All Odds, Aliya J. Sultan

Scott T. Allison

In this chapter, I will explore Keller’s heroic traits and examine what factors
specifically make her a Richmond hero. I will describe the stages of Keller’s
heroic journey and discuss Joseph Campbell’s monomyth, which includes
three major events: departure, initiation, and return. From there I will look at
how Keller exhibited the great eight heroic traits from Allison and Goethals’
(2011) list of eight qualities that every hero possesses. I will also discuss how
Keller’s leadership affected her social identity and why her gender had an
influence on her leadership as well. I will also describe ...


John Marshall: The Supreme Hero Of Justice, Emmalyn G. Dressel Dec 2017

John Marshall: The Supreme Hero Of Justice, Emmalyn G. Dressel

Scott T. Allison

The goal in this chapter is to uncover the true story of John Marshall by
focusing on his life story and dispositional characteristics that gave rise to
his heroism. This analysis will begin with a description of his heroic journey,
focusing on his childhood and on those who played a central role in his heroic
formation. Crucial points that led to his transformation of self and society
will also be described, highlighting the important characteristics prevalent
in his heroic transformations. Our analysis will then turn to a description his
avowed purpose in life, also showing how his sense of meaning ...


Lawrence Douglas Wilder: The Black Pioneer, Janell M. Spigner Dec 2017

Lawrence Douglas Wilder: The Black Pioneer, Janell M. Spigner

Scott T. Allison

This chapter seeks to unlock the intriguing complexity of Wilder’s heroism
and strives to give Wilder’s heroism the methodical reveling it deserves.
Specifically, the chapter will begin by exploring Wilder’s heroism through
the metaphorical lens of Joseph Campbell’s hero monomyth. Following that
exploration will be an analytical look at the qualities Wilder possesses that
place him among the pantheon of heroes. Then I will delve into the major
transformations that Wilder underwent internally, and how he also use his
transformations to transform others. Finally, the chapter will look at the lasting
imprint that Wilder is still ...


Mary Sue Terry: The Hero Who Defied The Double Bind, Thomas J. Villani Dec 2017

Mary Sue Terry: The Hero Who Defied The Double Bind, Thomas J. Villani

Scott T. Allison

This chapter focuses on Mary Sue Terry’s heroism. Specifically, the goal of this chapter is to
demonstrate how Terry’s life followed Joseph Campbell’s classic monomyth
of the hero, how she underwent important personal transformations, how
she transformed others in meaningful ways, what type of hero she was, and
what heroic traits she displayed. From this analysis, the unmistakable conclusion
that one can reach is that Mary Sue Terry is one of the most inspiring
Richmond heroes in the city’s history.


Mary Elizabeth Bowser: The Humble Hero, Morgan E. Caron Dec 2017

Mary Elizabeth Bowser: The Humble Hero, Morgan E. Caron

Scott T. Allison

In this chapter, I will detail the heroic life of Mary Elizabeth Bowser. In doing
so, I will describe her life story and note the many ways that it parallels the
hero's journey as described by comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell
(1949). I will also discuss the central characteristics of Bowser that correspond
to the traits of a hero. Moreover, my goal is to delve into her heroic transformation,
noting the sources of her transformation and the many people who
helped her grow and evolve in significant ways. Finally, I will apply several
other theories and principles of heroism science ...


Unsung Heroes Of Richmond: The Extraordinary Feats Of Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, And Sally Tompkins, Mikaela R. Rosen Dec 2017

Unsung Heroes Of Richmond: The Extraordinary Feats Of Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, And Sally Tompkins, Mikaela R. Rosen

Scott T. Allison

This chapter will investigate
the lives of three important citizens of Richmond, Virginia, who have made
important contributions to humanity. First, important definitions and theories
of heroism will be provided. Then the chapter will classify and discuss
the heroism of Richmond’s own Gilbert Hunt, Elizabeth Van Lew, and Sally
Tompkins. The chapter concludes by discussing possible explanations as to
why these three heroes have remained largely unknown.


E. Claiborne And Lora Robins: The Convergence Of Two Selfless Heroes, Lauren J. Weingarten Dec 2017

E. Claiborne And Lora Robins: The Convergence Of Two Selfless Heroes, Lauren J. Weingarten

Scott T. Allison

By coupling personal histories with theories of heroism, this chapter offers
an analysis of how E. Claiborne Robins and Lora Robins inspired each other
to become heroes, how they saved the University of Richmond with their
supremely generous gift, and how they continued to lead a life of purpose
thereafter.


Saving A University On The Brink: The Heroism Of E. Claiborne And Lora Robins, Lauren J. Weingarten Dec 2017

Saving A University On The Brink: The Heroism Of E. Claiborne And Lora Robins, Lauren J. Weingarten

Scott T. Allison

This article describes the heroic efforts of E. Claiborne and Lora Robins in saving the University of Richmond from the brink of bankruptcy. These two heroes' personal transformations will in part be explained by drawing upon
Allison and Goethals’ (2011) great eight traits of a hero, as well as the need for
a hero to discover his or her missing inner quality. Just how the Robins transformed
the community at the University of Richmond will then be discussed,
taking into account their family’s more recent history of generosity and the
Robins’ image as role models.


Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018) Dec 2017

Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018)

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.