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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Civichon 1.0: City In A Village, Catalogue For Civichon Exhibition In Vienna Biennale 2021, Albert L. Park, Kyong Park, Annie Pedret Oct 2021

Civichon 1.0: City In A Village, Catalogue For Civichon Exhibition In Vienna Biennale 2021, Albert L. Park, Kyong Park, Annie Pedret

EnviroLab Asia

No abstract provided.


An Assessment Of Four Selected Communities Along The Appalachian Trail In Relation To Emile Benton Mackaye's Original Vision Of Regional Planning, Jessica Ann Schottanes Jul 2021

An Assessment Of Four Selected Communities Along The Appalachian Trail In Relation To Emile Benton Mackaye's Original Vision Of Regional Planning, Jessica Ann Schottanes

Masters Theses

Planner, conservationist, forester, and geographer Emile Benton MacKaye envisioned a revolutionary, extensive foot trail that would promote the interaction between communities throughout the United States' distinctive eastern region. His 1921 plan for the Appalachian Trail (A.T.) focused on balancing the basic requirements for life in and out of the urban context by developing an ‘indigenous’ environment and developmental mold (Bower 1962, 372). However, almost a century has passed, and MacKaye's approach to the planning process, organization, environmental development, and the rural economy remains hidden beneath the mountain forest canopy extending from Maine to Georgia.

Four of the forty-nine ...


Firesafe: Designing For Fire-Resilient Communities In The American West, Brenden Baitch Jul 2021

Firesafe: Designing For Fire-Resilient Communities In The American West, Brenden Baitch

Masters Theses

The perception that wildfires are completely preventable has caused many structures and communities to be built in locations that will inevitably experience an uncontrollable fire event, risking human lives and infrastructure. Modification of built environments into fire-adapted communities has been explored in this thesis, through multiple strategies. Central to this analysis is the idea that sustainable human developments could adopt a form of biomimicry and indigenous design informed by the adaptions of plants, animals, and native groups that endure and even thrive with regular cycles of fire. This possibility has been assessed through the scope of fire adaptation strategies available ...


Multi-Level Regional Development Governance: A European Typology, Giancarlo Cotella, Umberto Janin Rivolin, Elena Pede, Maurizio Pioletti Jun 2021

Multi-Level Regional Development Governance: A European Typology, Giancarlo Cotella, Umberto Janin Rivolin, Elena Pede, Maurizio Pioletti

European Spatial Research and Policy

The European Union identifies the regional level as the ideal spatial scale for resources’ redistribution, in so doing turning European regions into key spatial development players. This raises challenges due to the heterogeneity of the EU in terms of administrative configurations, and spatial governance and planning systems. The contribution of this article draws on the results of three interlinked ESPON research projects to shed light on the matter. Building on an overview of the institutional variables that may influence successful regional development, it proposes a typology of multi-level regional development governance in the EU and reflects upon the potentials for ...


Non-Material Considerations And Uniqueness In The Planning Of The Development Of Urban Space: Example Of Lviv, Łukasz Musiaka, Mykola Habrel, Mykhailo Habrel, Myhailo Kosmiy Jun 2021

Non-Material Considerations And Uniqueness In The Planning Of The Development Of Urban Space: Example Of Lviv, Łukasz Musiaka, Mykola Habrel, Mykhailo Habrel, Myhailo Kosmiy

European Spatial Research and Policy

The paper is an attempt to respond to selected problems of the spatial planning system in Lviv, as defined by analyses of strategic documents. Based on the analysis, the authors proposed a spatial planning model considering non-material and hard-to-measure factors which have shaped the city. Lviv was selected for analysis because of its size, its long and multicultural history, and its considerable accumulation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage elements from various eras. Today, the city faces numerous challenges in terms of heritage protection, its functional and spatial development, and the choice of an effective form of planning and management ...


The Role Of Location In The Functioning Of A Local Currency: La Gonette Case Study, Csaba Lakócai Jun 2021

The Role Of Location In The Functioning Of A Local Currency: La Gonette Case Study, Csaba Lakócai

European Spatial Research and Policy

The beginning of the 21st century was a proliferation of complementary currencies worldwide. Among them, a number of newly created local currencies were notable. France proved to be especially fertile in this regard from the early 2010s. La Gonette, operating in the metropolitan area of Lyon, is one of the biggest French local complementary currencies in terms of its users, providers (business partners), and money supply. For every scheme, the most important issue, which is also a challenge, is to provide enough spending options to be attractive for users, while also retaining their particular sociocultural identity. Besides a variety of ...


Revisiting Prehistoric Archeological Sites: Envisioning First Built Environments To Repossess Geographically Specific Approaches In Architecture, Alisa Mohammad Kheir Abdulghany, Marwan Halabi, Maged Youssef, Bahaa El Dine Abou El Khoudoud May 2021

Revisiting Prehistoric Archeological Sites: Envisioning First Built Environments To Repossess Geographically Specific Approaches In Architecture, Alisa Mohammad Kheir Abdulghany, Marwan Halabi, Maged Youssef, Bahaa El Dine Abou El Khoudoud

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Since Prehistoric times, architecture had been a human response to an occurring natural setting. Starting from places of dwelling to buildings that no longer only serve physical requirements for survival. Architectural languages were approached initially as an expression of culture, evolution, and growth of a community within a natural setting. This response resulted in the creation of built environments, humanity’s decision to become sedentary. This decision took place in the Late Stone age, a key phase in our timeline. First built environments were born in a time known as the Neolithic revolution, which shown itself as humans transitioned from ...


Neighborhood Reinvestment: A Changing Community In The Urban South, Jackson Nutt-Beers May 2021

Neighborhood Reinvestment: A Changing Community In The Urban South, Jackson Nutt-Beers

Master's Projects and Capstones

Since the mid-twentieth century, public and private actors across the country have been identifying sources of potential capital accumulation in the United States. Shortly after the passing of the Civil Rights Act by President Lyndon Johnson in the mid 1960s, many White families across the country fled the urban core for the suburbs leaving neighborhoods in the city center abandoned and without capital. During this period, Black families and other racial minority groups were forced to live in the blighted neighborhoods of the urban core due to a variety of racialized discriminatory housing practices that lead to the disinvestment of ...


Terra Incognita: Post-Traumatic Infrastructural Opportunism, Zachary Corre Orig May 2021

Terra Incognita: Post-Traumatic Infrastructural Opportunism, Zachary Corre Orig

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

In anticipation of the impending results of a world affected by climate change, architecture is now more than ever positioned to leverage its unique influence, communication, and power to fight problems that the world cannot see. Every day we turn a lamp on, start a car, or make a pot of coffee, we are engaging into a complex system of interacting with the world’s natural resources: fossil fuels. The United Nations, as of 2019, predicts we have but twelve years at most until climate change is irreversible. As the world runs out of time to cool down, global ...


Unveiling Women’S Needs And Expectations As Users Of Bike Sharing Services: The H2020 Diamond Project, Andrea Gorrini, Rawad Choubassi, Federico Messa, Wafaa Saleh, Augustus Ababio-Donkor, Maria Chiara Leva, Lorraine D'Arcy, Francesco Fabbri, David Laniado, Pablo Aragon May 2021

Unveiling Women’S Needs And Expectations As Users Of Bike Sharing Services: The H2020 Diamond Project, Andrea Gorrini, Rawad Choubassi, Federico Messa, Wafaa Saleh, Augustus Ababio-Donkor, Maria Chiara Leva, Lorraine D'Arcy, Francesco Fabbri, David Laniado, Pablo Aragon

Articles

Within the objectives of the H2020 DIAMOND project, the paper investigates women’s needs and expectations as users of the bike-sharing service managed by Syndicat Mixte Autolib et Velib Métropole in the territory of Paris Region-Petite Couronne (France). The paper presents a thematic literature review focused on gender inclusion in bike-sharing schemes. The proposed methodological approach is based on (i) Geographic Information Systems for the analysis of geolocated open datasets related to land, sociodemographic and mobility characteristics of the areas surrounding each docking stations. This was aimed at identifying a short list of suitable bike-sharing docking stations, which were further ...


Some (Im)Material Girls, Living In (Im)Material Worlds, With Seeds, Stars, And Shit, Matthew Weiderspon May 2021

Some (Im)Material Girls, Living In (Im)Material Worlds, With Seeds, Stars, And Shit, Matthew Weiderspon

Theses and Dissertations

This writing situates material and gestural vocabularies cultivated in my artwork in relation to my lived experience; primarily my rural upbringing in Colorado. Scattered floor dispersals, calling sounds, and bodily movements desire reconsiderations of hope in precarity through a disorientation of place, association, scale, and language.


A City Divided: A Gis-Informed Study Of Urban Planning In Amman, Jordan, Ella Lawson May 2021

A City Divided: A Gis-Informed Study Of Urban Planning In Amman, Jordan, Ella Lawson

Honors Theses

Amman, the capital of Jordan, faces an impending infrastructure crisis. The city is plagued by water shortages, a lack of affordable housing, extreme traffic congestion, and dwindling open space. Over the past seventy-five years, several urban planning commissions have attempted to address these issues through policy change and other municipal directives. These plans help illustrate the different forces at play in constructing the city—whether they be the residents themselves, city officials, or international consultants. All the plans use neighborhoods as a primary metric for measuring need and organizing development. Likewise, all the plans focus on the importance of green ...


Evaluating Urban Parks Accessibility And Equity: A Case Study Of Hartford, Ct And New Haven, Ct, Natalie Roach, Mara Tu May 2021

Evaluating Urban Parks Accessibility And Equity: A Case Study Of Hartford, Ct And New Haven, Ct, Natalie Roach, Mara Tu

Honors Scholar Theses

Public parks provide cities with environmental benefits, positive health effects, recreational opportunities, community building, educational spaces, and public amenities. However, certain populations have been systematically denied their fair share of these benefits because of unjust practices in the creation and maintenance of urban parks. With a lens of environmental justice, the goal of this research was to assess park quality and accessibility of two Connecticut cities, Hartford and New Haven, by gathering publicly available information as well as using GIS tools.

The Trust for Public Land (TPL) has an existing ParkScore rating system that evaluates the quality of a city ...


Environmental Psychology: Open Syllabus, Valkiria Duran-Narucki Apr 2021

Environmental Psychology: Open Syllabus, Valkiria Duran-Narucki

Open Educational Resources

This is a syllabus designed to work as a "frame" that you can use and populate together with students. The goal is to provide a perspective from environmental psychology.


From Ghettos To Authentic Hubs: The Changing Meaning Of Racial Difference In The Post-Colonial City, Samia De Araujo Khoder Apr 2021

From Ghettos To Authentic Hubs: The Changing Meaning Of Racial Difference In The Post-Colonial City, Samia De Araujo Khoder

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters Feb 2021

Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Micropolitan areas (between 10,000 and 50,000 people) are not immune to economic shocks that threaten their vitality. Factors related to economic shocks can range from local companies leaving a town or national economic crises affecting local economies. Using the perspective of local micropolitan area stakeholders, this research seeks to identify why certain micropolitan areas recover from an economic shock while others do not. The research included the case study of two micropolitan areas in the U.S. Midwest (one resilient and one vulnerable), based on 22 interviews with key stakeholders representing diverse for-profit and government organizations. Our results ...


A 3d Point Cloud Deep Learning Approach Using Lidar To Identify Ancient Maya Archaeological Sites, Heather Richards-Rissetto, David Newton, Aziza Al Zadjali Jan 2021

A 3d Point Cloud Deep Learning Approach Using Lidar To Identify Ancient Maya Archaeological Sites, Heather Richards-Rissetto, David Newton, Aziza Al Zadjali

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Airborne light detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems allow archaeologists to capture 3D data of anthropogenic landscapes with a level of precision that permits the identification of archaeological sites in difficult to reach and inaccessible regions. These benefits have come with a deluge of LIDAR data that requires significant and costly manual labor to interpret and analyze. In order to address this challenge, researchers have explored the use of state-of-the-art automated object recognition algorithms from the field of deep learning with success. This previous research, however, has been limited to the exploration of deep learning processes that work with only 2D ...


Putting Policy In Its Place: Policy Enactment And Engagement Through A Multiscalar Policy-Shed Framework, Barbara L. Maclennan Jan 2021

Putting Policy In Its Place: Policy Enactment And Engagement Through A Multiscalar Policy-Shed Framework, Barbara L. Maclennan

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The objective of this research is to examine the spatial components integral to policy formation, implementation, and evaluation. The research uses solid waste as a case study to explore a multiscalar GIS policy-shed framework. To this end, the goal of this dissertation is to examine the spatial nature of public policy. The research applies spatial concepts and multiscalar methodological applications embedded within GIS and geovisualization to explore the complex spaces surrounding public policy implementation and evaluation.


De La Estructura Espacial Dispersa A La Ciudad Región: Lineamientos Para La Ocupación Metropolitana Y Supralocal Efecto De La Metropolización., Juan Carlos Arroyave Fernández Jan 2021

De La Estructura Espacial Dispersa A La Ciudad Región: Lineamientos Para La Ocupación Metropolitana Y Supralocal Efecto De La Metropolización., Juan Carlos Arroyave Fernández

Urbanismo

El área metropolitana de Santiago de Cali no está legalmente definida, esto ha generado desequilibrios territoriales en sus áreas supralocales. De esta manera, este trabajo la definirá como un área de facto a través del análisis de sus características. Esta área ha conformado algunos desequilibrios territoriales debido a que Cali como núcleo metrópoli y vórtice económico, genera fuerzas centrípetas y centrífugas debido a sus dinámicas y movimientos pendulares con los núcleos satélites del área.

Así mismo, este núcleo metropolitano ha cargado de dificultades el entorno circundante, provocando que los satélites que forman parte del mosaico metropolitano crezcan sin una estructura ...


Foreword, Viktor Varjú Dec 2020

Foreword, Viktor Varjú

European Spatial Research and Policy

No abstract provided.


Local Resource-Based Development Potential As Reflected In Waste Management/Circularity Transition: Governance Barriers In Hungary, Viktor Varjú, Cecília Mezei, Csaba Vér Dec 2020

Local Resource-Based Development Potential As Reflected In Waste Management/Circularity Transition: Governance Barriers In Hungary, Viktor Varjú, Cecília Mezei, Csaba Vér

European Spatial Research and Policy

Waste as a local resource is a development opportunity for resource owners as waste may act as a foundation for bottom-up development at local levels. This paper presents the most important governance challenges that hamper a paradigmatic change in resource efficiency, a transition towards circular economy in the case of Pécs (Hungary). In recent years waste management infrastructure has evolved to provide resource potentials for recycling and reuse, this is a first step towards a (circularity) transition, however, the centralisation of power is hampering local transitions. The article concludes by arguing that in Pécs (Hungary), the transition towards a local ...


Citizen Involvement In Waste Management And Circular Economy In Cities: Key Elements For Planning And Implementation, Olga Izdebska, Jörg Knieling Dec 2020

Citizen Involvement In Waste Management And Circular Economy In Cities: Key Elements For Planning And Implementation, Olga Izdebska, Jörg Knieling

European Spatial Research and Policy

This paper identifies and explores key elements for planning and implementing citizen involvement in the area of waste management and circular economy in cities. The analysis has shown that institutions responsible for waste management regard strategic planning, inclusivity, transparency, continuity, and resources as particularly important for reaching the objectives of citizen involvement. However, not all of the four analysed cities have applied these elements to the same extent, due to e.g. a lack of a strategy for citizen involvement, or limited personal and financial resources.


Hidden Properties Of City Plans: A Case Study Of Łódź, Mariusz Lamprecht Dec 2020

Hidden Properties Of City Plans: A Case Study Of Łódź, Mariusz Lamprecht

European Spatial Research and Policy

The article analyses the transformations and the internal diversity of the oldest urban structures of central Łódź, one of the biggest Polish cities. 19th-century Łódź was one of the greatest centres of the textile industry in Europe. Currently, the city faces major challenges, including a dramatic population decrease, population ageing as well as a vast revitalisation of urban structures aimed at reinforcing the new idea of the city’s inward development. The research on the layout of Łódź is based on the modern image of the city as well as four images preserved in historical plans. The subsequent, chronological models ...


Circular Economy Policy-Related National Initiatives In Visegrad Countries, István Pomázi, Elemér Szabó Dec 2020

Circular Economy Policy-Related National Initiatives In Visegrad Countries, István Pomázi, Elemér Szabó

European Spatial Research and Policy

The concept of circular economy (CE) has become popular in the last decade: both decision-makers and businesses are looking for alternative solutions replacing the present economic model. Official governmental documents have been selected for introducing Visegrad countries’ (V4) initiatives and monitoring the progress toward a transition to a circular economy. Based on selected material flow and resource productivity (RP) indicators, the study compares the regional differences among Visegrad countries. The current performances of the V4 in the implementation of the circular economic model are below the EU average. Moreover, it is noticeable that the dynamics of the changes of each ...


The Influence Of Land Cover On The Spatial Distribution Of Fire Sites: A Case Study Of Łódzkie Voivodeship, Poland, Stanisław Mordwa, Małgorzata Ostrowska Dec 2020

The Influence Of Land Cover On The Spatial Distribution Of Fire Sites: A Case Study Of Łódzkie Voivodeship, Poland, Stanisław Mordwa, Małgorzata Ostrowska

European Spatial Research and Policy

The paper continues from previous joint studies and their practical application at the confluence of human geography, safety-related research and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The objective of the study was to identify the land cover types most at risk from fire. The study has contributed an original angle by taking into account various land cover types with a potential influence on the distribution of fires geocoded at the address level. The analysis considered 27,651 fire interventions, as recorded by the Polish State Fire Service between 2014 and 2016 in the country’s central region known as Łódzkie Voivodeship. The ...


Wastelands As An Opportunity For Managing Naples’ Sustainable Transition, Gilda Berruti, Maria Federica Palestino Dec 2020

Wastelands As An Opportunity For Managing Naples’ Sustainable Transition, Gilda Berruti, Maria Federica Palestino

European Spatial Research and Policy

Circular economy offers new visions of how diversely urban spaces could be inhabited and managed. While the generation and management of waste is being treated through innovative practices, disused industrial, rural, and infrastructural areas are resistant to becoming included in a closed-loop cycle. They, in fact, establish wastelands that need to be completely re-imagined as a precondition for the transition. The fact of shifting the definition of a ’neglected area’ into a ‘wasteland’, in line with the metaphor of urban metabolism, could be of tactical importance for generating alternative policies and practices. In exploring how the transition impacts Naples’ urban ...


Circling The Square: Governance Of The Circular Economy Transition In The Amsterdam Metropolitan Area, Erwin Heurkens, Marcin Dąbrowski Dec 2020

Circling The Square: Governance Of The Circular Economy Transition In The Amsterdam Metropolitan Area, Erwin Heurkens, Marcin Dąbrowski

European Spatial Research and Policy

Circular economy (CE), the new ‘buzzword’ in urban and regional studies and policy debates, is about shifting from a linear production process towards a circular one in which the generation of waste is minimised, materials circulate in ‘closed loops’, and waste is not considered a burden but rather a resource that brings new economic opportunities. However, while there is a consensus on the need to facilitate a transition towards a circular economy, the governing of this endeavour remains extremely challenging because making a circular economy work requires cutting across sectoral, scalar, and administrative boundaries. Drawing on the sustainability transitions literature ...


A Multi-Stakeholder And Interdisciplinary Approach To Waste Management And Circular Economy: The Case Of Flanders And Ghent, Belgium, Arianne Acke, Sue Ellen Taelman, Jo Dewulf Dec 2020

A Multi-Stakeholder And Interdisciplinary Approach To Waste Management And Circular Economy: The Case Of Flanders And Ghent, Belgium, Arianne Acke, Sue Ellen Taelman, Jo Dewulf

European Spatial Research and Policy

In 2016, the Flemish Government adopted the transversal policy paper “Vision 2050, a long term strategy for Flanders”. It has set the ambition for Flanders for 2050 and has paved the way for a transition to a Circular Economy. It provided new objectives and confirmed the ambition to further reduce the total amount of (residual) waste by closing the loop and reducing the use of primary resources. More than before, prevention and reuse have been an integral part of materials management. The impact of waste behaviour needs to be measured against environmental and social priorities. In this context, the REPAiR ...


Making Cities Circular: Experiences From The Living Lab Hamburg-Altona, Andreas Obersteg, Alessandro Arlati, Jörg Knieling Dec 2020

Making Cities Circular: Experiences From The Living Lab Hamburg-Altona, Andreas Obersteg, Alessandro Arlati, Jörg Knieling

European Spatial Research and Policy

The article argues that to reach circular economy goals urban regions need to identify and understand the challenges and opportunities originating from the differences in spatial settings, and to develop place-based solutions by adequately involving (local) stakeholders. Based on the case study that was conducted in Hamburg within the Horizon2020 project REPAiR, spatial specificities in five different urban areas shall be analysed and strategies that were developed in a co-creative process shall be explored. The results show that the spatial organisation of CE strategies depends on urban structures and stakeholders’ interest and needs to be embedded in the (local) governance ...


Enforcing Higher Standards For Flood Hazard Mitigation In Vermont, Tamsin Flanders Dec 2020

Enforcing Higher Standards For Flood Hazard Mitigation In Vermont, Tamsin Flanders

Masters Theses

The state of Vermont faces increasing risk of costly damage from catastrophic flooding events as climate change increases the frequency of heavy rains and cumulative precipitation. In addition to increasing flood inundation risk, extreme precipitation events are leading to high rates damage from fluvial erosion—erosion caused by the force of floodwater and the materials it carries. As in all U.S. states, flood hazard governance in Vermont is shared by multiple levels of government and involves a complex compliance model that relies on local governments to regulate private property owners to achieve community, state, or federal goals.

To encourage ...