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Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Energy Efficiency Retrofit And Decarbonization Of Old And Historic Buildings In California, Daria Nikolaeva Dec 2022

Energy Efficiency Retrofit And Decarbonization Of Old And Historic Buildings In California, Daria Nikolaeva

Master's Projects and Capstones

Buildings are responsible for almost 40% of total global greenhouse gas emissions and the retrofitting of existing buildings is an essential part of solving the problem. About 75% of buildings in Californian were constructed before the first energy-efficiency building code was adopted in 1978. Old buildings are inefficient, responsible for large carbon footprints and must be retrofitted to stay on track with the state's climate targets. However, current policies do not require substantial changes and tend to favor historic preservation over energy efficiency, missing improvement opportunities. Recognizing the significance of carbon intensity, the 2019 California Energy Efficiency Action Plan shifted …


Gentrification And Displacement: Connections Between Changing Housing Typologies And Long-Time Residents’ Quality Of Life In East Austin, Texas, Grant Wilson Dec 2022

Gentrification And Displacement: Connections Between Changing Housing Typologies And Long-Time Residents’ Quality Of Life In East Austin, Texas, Grant Wilson

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates the impacts of gentrification on quality of life, displacement, and housing typology in East Austin, Texas. The neighborhood is examined as a case study and example of the concepts discussed. Evaluated through both a qualitative and quantitative lens, this study serves as a report and update on the continued disruption of the living patterns of minority residents in the city. Recommendations are given to mitigate displacement for East Austin residents and improve the quality of life for those remaining. By identifying the connection between changing housing typology and displacement impacts, this report aspires to give designers a …


The Resilience Of Proximity Tourism During The Pandemic: Local Walking Tours Of Budapest, János Klaniczay Nov 2022

The Resilience Of Proximity Tourism During The Pandemic: Local Walking Tours Of Budapest, János Klaniczay

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Global tourism was hit hard by the Covid-19 pandemic, but an exception can be seen among walking tour companies providing tours for locals in Budapest, who saw a rise in demand for their tours during the summer and early autumn of 2020. During pre-pandemic times tourism levels broke records annually, and one of the main concerns was overtourism in certain cities, but due to COVID-19, international arrivals hit record-lows and millions of jobs became endangered. Meanwhile data show that local alternative walking tours in Budapest could operate sustainably during the pandemic at almost the same capacity as before, because local …


Habitats And Heritage: An Analysis Of The Natural And Cultural Resource Management Of The South Carolina Lowcountry, Patricia Ploehn Aug 2022

Habitats And Heritage: An Analysis Of The Natural And Cultural Resource Management Of The South Carolina Lowcountry, Patricia Ploehn

All Theses

The South Carolina Lowcountry is replete with cultural landscapes, each one featuring a unique collection of natural and cultural resources. These resources are valuable for their environmental and cultural heritage, a heritage which defines and benefits the communities who call the Lowcountry home. This study presents a comparative analysis of public and private land management organizations operating in the South Carolina Lowcountry. The purpose of this study is to compare how public and private organizations are currently managing natural and cultural resources on cultural landscapes that they protect and oversee. The history of federal and private land management was investigated …


Cultural Resources Survey And Fema Section 106 Condition Survey Of The Jacksonville State University Main Campus, Stacey L. Griffin Jun 2022

Cultural Resources Survey And Fema Section 106 Condition Survey Of The Jacksonville State University Main Campus, Stacey L. Griffin

Histories, Biographies & Miscellanea

This architectural and condition survey of JSU's main campus (Survey PA-04-AL-4632-PW-00065) was prepared for the Federal Emergency Management Agency Environmental Planning & Historic Preservation section by Panamerican Consultants, a part of the Commonwealth Heritage Group, at the request of the Alabama Historic Commission. The impetus for the survey was the demolition of Alumni House and the former Merrill Hall, both damaged by the EF-3 tornado that struck JSU's campus March 19, 2018.

The report contains historical contextual information (e.g., campus growth from 1883-present), an architectural survey of all relevant buildings, and findings and recommendations regarding Angle Hall (formerly Bibb Graves …


The Tragedy Of The Commons: A Podcast Exploring Solutions To The Housing Crisis In California, Delaney Li-Ming Faherty Jun 2022

The Tragedy Of The Commons: A Podcast Exploring Solutions To The Housing Crisis In California, Delaney Li-Ming Faherty

City and Regional Planning

Affordable housing has become increasingly inaccessible across the United States, particularly in California. Because of its long history and far-reaching span, California’s housing crisis is a complexity that affects individuals at most income levels. Accordingly, opinions on solving the crisis vary among each public.

A popular solution is increasing the amount and scale of housing, however, barriers, such as single-family zoning, exist at the state and local level. While statewide legislation is working to counteract municipal zoning codes, local opposition is rampant. Because of this pushback, and the slow pace at which housing reliant on individual action is built, today’s …


Skip The Grid: Solar Powered Refrigeration In The Navajo Nation, Sydney Jo Sitton Jun 2022

Skip The Grid: Solar Powered Refrigeration In The Navajo Nation, Sydney Jo Sitton

Construction Management

The Skip the Grid project was a combined effort of California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly) students, and company sponsors SOLV Energy, Dometic, and Goal Zero, facilitated through the non-profit, Heart of America. The interdisciplinary project team successfully installed photovoltaic energy systems with refrigerators and lights for families within the Navajo Nation. Skip the Grid’s mission focuses on improving quality of life and providing access to clean, affordable off-grid energy. In the Navajo Nation, access to electricity and running water is not necessarily a given, with large disparities from family to family. This issue was exacerbated during …


Design Diplomacy - Cooperative Living, Kameren Horton May 2022

Design Diplomacy - Cooperative Living, Kameren Horton

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

From 1990 through 1996, we witness a significant shift within the city of Atlanta. In the Summer of 1996, the Olympics was hosted in Atlanta. Techwood Homes at the time, was the first large affordable housing project in that area. In 1991, there was an order for the demolishment of Techwood Homes. However, it wasn’t until 1995, when the Atlanta Housing Authority (AHA) decided to begin demolition after waiting 4 years prior to the Olympics.

Several other large housing projects were demolished to make room for Olympic venues. This is where we see redevelopment. This is where we see a …


Where Dreams Begin: Challenging The Architecture Of Migrant Detention, Pablo Garcia May 2022

Where Dreams Begin: Challenging The Architecture Of Migrant Detention, Pablo Garcia

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

Today, more than 40 million people living in the US were born in another country, accounting for about one-fifth of the world’s migrants. Even though the US is a nation comprised largely of immigrants and their descendants, immigration remains one of the most fraught social and political issues of modern times. People dream of moving into the country seeking a better life than the one they are leaving behind. Yet, upon arrival, they face inhumane circumstances due to the recent influx of people seeking asylum within the US. According to the Department of Homeland Security, over 3 million people arrived …


Preservation And Public History In Mound Bayou, Mississippi, Walker Bray May 2022

Preservation And Public History In Mound Bayou, Mississippi, Walker Bray

Honors Theses

This paper is an exploration of the history of Mound Bayou, Mississippi, an all Black community in the Mississippi Delta formed by freedmen in the wake of Reconstruction. This paper also discusses the ways in which Mound Bayou citizens are working to preserve their history and make it known to a wider audience. In particular, this work discusses the recently opened Mound Bayou Museum of African American Culture and History and related efforts to restore and preserve historic structures in Mound Bayou. In addition, this work also seeks to explore ways in which the University of Mississippi can effectively supplement …


The Hot Springs Creekway & The Rediscovery Of The Water That Made Hot Springs Famous, Zane Colvin May 2022

The Hot Springs Creekway & The Rediscovery Of The Water That Made Hot Springs Famous, Zane Colvin

Landscape Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

Arkansas’s Hot Springs National Park was the first natural reservation in the United States and is the oldest park in the National Park System. In Hot Springs, 47 springs release almost a million gallons of potable 143° water every day - the problem is, almost all of this water is hidden from sight, funneled directly into an 1884-constructed tunnel underground, where no person (or other life) can experience it.

Hot Springs Creek should be daylighted and connected with the surrounding National Park, creating thermal 'pools' for public use, and restoring its banks to pre-settlement ecologically rich conditions. My plan to …


Cherokee Architectural Traditions: A Southeastern Environmental Design Precedent, Josie J. Tunnell May 2022

Cherokee Architectural Traditions: A Southeastern Environmental Design Precedent, Josie J. Tunnell

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Maps!: Living With Ghosts, Ximeng Luo, Shihui Zhu May 2022

Maps!: Living With Ghosts, Ximeng Luo, Shihui Zhu

Architecture Senior Theses

The scene is set along Heilongjiang. The river feeds populations in the Russian Far East and Northeastern China, while simultaneously delineating the long and winding national border between contemporary Russia and China. The Chinese Northeast has been flattened and re-established as a cultural icon, yet when we peel off the pictures from streaming media, what kind of marks does the northeast- once called "the eldest son of the Republic" for its rapid industrial development in the last century- leave on the land? Infrastructure - such as collective farms in fields, tree farms in forests, road and electric towers- becomes a …


Role Of Public Spaces In Re-Activating The Cultural Identity, Reem Al-Zein Mar 2022

Role Of Public Spaces In Re-Activating The Cultural Identity, Reem Al-Zein

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Culture plays an important role in defining a society's values and identity. Craftsmanship has remained an important aspect of Lebanese cultural identity and history, contributing to the shaping of many public and private spaces as well as supporting families and people's livelihoods. Unfortunately, considering the significance of craftsmen cultural production in the country's social and economic development, it is still a lost field nowadays. Therefore, as result, this tradition is diminishing, threatening Lebanon's intangible cultural heritage. Therefore, this paper aims to develop convenient solutions to regenerate and to preserve the city's social, historical, and cultural image and identity through creating …


Black Cemeteries Matter: The Erasure Of Historic Black Cemeteries In Polk County, Florida, Juliana C. Waters Mar 2022

Black Cemeteries Matter: The Erasure Of Historic Black Cemeteries In Polk County, Florida, Juliana C. Waters

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the past several years, the Tampa Bay area has experienced a reckoning with regard to the intentional erasure, destruction, and abandonment of historic African American cemeteries such as Zion Cemetery in Tampa or St. Matthews Baptist Church Cemetery in Clearwater. Scholars, journalists, community members, archaeologists, and others have contributed to a growing movement that aims to identify and document these sacred sites in an effort to prevent further destruction. In this vein, this project aimed to identify and record cemeteries in Polk County, examine the processes leading to the erasure of historic Black cemeteries, the history surrounding erasure on …


Hope's Village Of San Luis Obispo Charging Cabinet, Jackson S. Thomas, Payton E. Strout Mar 2022

Hope's Village Of San Luis Obispo Charging Cabinet, Jackson S. Thomas, Payton E. Strout

Construction Management

This paper will review the steps the students took to provide Hope's Village of SLO with a new charging cabinet. Hope's Village of SLO is a local non profit that provides support for the central coast homeless community. Becky Jorgensen, who leads the organization, reached out to the students expressing her want for a new cabinet that people could use to charge their phones and tablets. The students then conceptualized the design with the help of an architecture student, applied for and received funding from the Alliance Group, purchased all materials and built the cabinet. This paper will walk you …


An Investigation Into The Curation Of Archaeological Collections In Cultural Resource Management In Ontario, Canada, Vienna Raven Mann Feb 2022

An Investigation Into The Curation Of Archaeological Collections In Cultural Resource Management In Ontario, Canada, Vienna Raven Mann

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study aims to investigate why and how there is a “curation crisis” in Ontario archaeology by examining the delegation of responsibility for archaeological collections. This research was conducted by reviewing related scholarly literature, investigating the current legislation governing Ontario archaeology, and interviewing 20 stakeholders involved in archaeological collections management, including Cultural Resource Management (CRM) archaeologists, descendant community representatives, past Ministry of Heritage, Sport, Tourism, and Culture Industries employees, academic and avocational archaeologists, and museum or repository curators. Nearly all participants think CRM archaeologists should not be responsible for the long-term curation of archaeological collections, yet many of Ontario’s archaeological …


Rebuilding Along The Rappahannock: The Methodologies Of Urban Archaeological Survey In Fredericksburg And Beyond, Kerri S. Barile Feb 2022

Rebuilding Along The Rappahannock: The Methodologies Of Urban Archaeological Survey In Fredericksburg And Beyond, Kerri S. Barile

Northeast Historical Archaeology

**I can definitely do an abstract if the other articles in the Fredericksburg volume have one!**


Looking Back Looking Forward: Isccl 50th Anniversary Symposium, Abstracts And Presentations, Elizabeth Brabec, Betina Adams, Haeedeh Laleh Feb 2022

Looking Back Looking Forward: Isccl 50th Anniversary Symposium, Abstracts And Presentations, Elizabeth Brabec, Betina Adams, Haeedeh Laleh

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

During the past 50 years, the ISCCL has experienced great shifts in an understanding of cultural landscapes, the approaches to their conservation and protection, and the foundational concept of cultural landscapes themselves. The starting point was in 1971, in a meeting of Fontainebleau, where M. René Pechère led an international group of historic garden landscape architects and other professionals in the creation of a joint ICOMOS / IFLA Committee of Historic Gardens and Sites. While the focus of the original Committee was on classical gardens and their maintenance and protection, this was an important first step in the understanding of …


Walkerton Hydroelectric Generating Station - A Relict Industrial Landscape In Ontario, Canada, Doug Evans Jan 2022

Walkerton Hydroelectric Generating Station - A Relict Industrial Landscape In Ontario, Canada, Doug Evans

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

Canada is littered with relic industrial/ cultural landscapes that are mostly unrecognised, undesignated and forgotten. The early 20th century hydroelectric generating station south of the small town of Walkerton on the Saugeen River in Bruce County, Ontario is one such landscape.

The Walkerton hydro-power site can be recognised as a cultural-industrial landscape, namely: 1) it is a designed landscape, with features including the dam and headrace canal; 2) it is an evolved relic landscape, where the industrial and socio-economic activities of generating hydroelectric power have come to an end; and 3) it is an associative cultural landscape, where the landscape …


Caribbean Port City Capitals As Cultural Landscapes, Pat Green Jan 2022

Caribbean Port City Capitals As Cultural Landscapes, Pat Green

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The coastal locations of Caribbean port cities are distinct cultural landscapes in settings around safe harbours sheltered by hillocks containing vital elements of historic urban landscapes. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) recommended in 2011 the idea of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) as a tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development. Green, Robinson and Morgan (2013) caution that some efforts by the business community to regenerate port cities have limited the holistic nature of downtown to economic and physical enhancement leaving out the critical …


Planning And Management Of Complex Landscapes: The Case Of Rio De Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes, José Antonio Hoyuela Jayo Jan 2022

Planning And Management Of Complex Landscapes: The Case Of Rio De Janeiro, Carioca Landscapes, José Antonio Hoyuela Jayo

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The PRODOC4018 project aimed to develop tools for the planning and management of the Carioca landscapes, a World Heritage Site since 2012. The proposal promotes a shared and integrated management of cultural heritage of excellence through preservation guidelines, with intervention criteria and protection and management tools incorporated in action plans and geo-referenced monitoring mechanisms. These analysed properties were located in the World Heritage area and its surroundings, 'Carioca Landscapes: between the mountain and the sea.

Landscape heritage must be evaluated, ordered and managed in its spatial and temporal context, but also in the social, environmental and economic context in which …


A Scientific Tourism Project With The Community Of The Cultural Landscape Of The Cerro Machín Volcano, Colombia, César Augusto Velandia Silva Jan 2022

A Scientific Tourism Project With The Community Of The Cultural Landscape Of The Cerro Machín Volcano, Colombia, César Augusto Velandia Silva

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

It is intended to develop a strategy of social innovation and joint creation of didactic and pedagogical objectives for the identification and valuation of the cultural landscape by the inhabitants of Alto de Toche and also aimed at visitors interested in scientific tourism, articulated to the construction of an integrated discourse on the symbolic influence and risk management by the geoheritage represented by the Cerro Machín Volcano, archaeological settlements and pre-Columbian paths.

The strategy will be implemented during 2022 through workshops to account for the process of conceptual construction and subsequent development of materials (maps-social cartography, photographs, routes, identification of …


Sustaining Vernacular Working Landscapes, Ekaterini Vlahos Jan 2022

Sustaining Vernacular Working Landscapes, Ekaterini Vlahos

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The American West offers an invaluable laboratory for research focused on vernacular cultural landscapes, specifically working landscapes. Ninety percent of the state of Colorado is classified as rural and held in private or agency ownership. Unfortunately, a small percentage of the cultural resources on these properties and landscapes have been identified, recorded, studied, and protected.

Predictions show that most vernacular working landscapes in the state will transition to new development to support a population expected to double by 2050. The visible impact of current rapid growth and future change necessitated a model for gathering information, educating the next generation on …


A Call For The Library Community To Deploy Best Practices Toward A Database For Biocultural Knowledge Relating To Climate Change, Martha B. Lerski Jan 2022

A Call For The Library Community To Deploy Best Practices Toward A Database For Biocultural Knowledge Relating To Climate Change, Martha B. Lerski

Publications and Research

Abstract

Purpose – In this paper, a call to the library and information science community to support documentation and conservation of cultural and biocultural heritage has been presented.

Design/methodology/approach – Based in existing Literature, this proposal is generative and descriptive— rather than prescriptive—regarding precisely how libraries should collaborate to employ technical and ethical best practices to provide access to vital data, research and cultural narratives relating to climate.

Findings – COVID-19 and climate destruction signal urgent global challenges. Library best practices are positioned to respond to climate change. Literature indicates how libraries preserve, share and cross-link cultural and scientific knowledge. …


Contributions To The Debate On The Revision Of The Concept Of Cultural Landscape: Icomos Brazil’S National Scientific Committee, Betina Adams, Isabelle Cury, Vanessa Gayego Bello Figueiredo, Jose Antonio Hoyuela Jayo, Laura Beatriz Lage, Marcos Olender, Mônica Bahia Schlee, Rafael Winter Ribeiro Jan 2022

Contributions To The Debate On The Revision Of The Concept Of Cultural Landscape: Icomos Brazil’S National Scientific Committee, Betina Adams, Isabelle Cury, Vanessa Gayego Bello Figueiredo, Jose Antonio Hoyuela Jayo, Laura Beatriz Lage, Marcos Olender, Mônica Bahia Schlee, Rafael Winter Ribeiro

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The concept of landscape is polysemic and transdisciplinary, a basic condition for the recognition, planning and management of cultural landscapes, with a view to their integrated, shared and sustainable preservation. The recent extensions of the concept of cultural heritage have brought with them a breadth, diversity and complexity that prove to be counter-hegemonic, demanding greater participation and socio-cultural integration.

The construction of the concept of cultural landscape has had in Brazil important thinkers, Charters and Regulations such as the "Chancela del Landscape Cultural", the "Portaria 375" or the Federal Constitution itself, in addition to various local initiatives and the declaration …


Recommendation On The Historic Urban Landscape, The New Urban Agenda And Cultural Landscapes. Looking At Concepts And Vocabulary, Marie-Noël Tournoux Jan 2022

Recommendation On The Historic Urban Landscape, The New Urban Agenda And Cultural Landscapes. Looking At Concepts And Vocabulary, Marie-Noël Tournoux

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL), adopted in 2011, updates UNESCO's international instruments by emphasizing the links between conservation and sustainable development. It was developed following the boom in conservation issues in urban World Heritage properties or in properties in urban contexts from the 2000s, particularly in historic centers. Its principle is to pursue the proposals made in the 1976 Nairobi Recommendation and other normative instruments concerning heritage conservation by extending it to the concept of territory and landscape while emphasizing the importance of taking people into account and the concept of quality of life. Its originality also …


The Evolution Of Conserving Cultural Landscapes In Canada: Paralleling The Isccl, John Zvonar Jan 2022

The Evolution Of Conserving Cultural Landscapes In Canada: Paralleling The Isccl, John Zvonar

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

In the 1960s, the discipline of Heritage Conservation originated with the period restoration of the Fortress of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. This work spawned the Restoration Services Division of Parks Canada. As a student, I learned of the meticulous restoration of the landscape of Motherwell Homestead in Saskatchewan, in the spirit of the Florence Charter whose mantra was ‘garden as monument’.

While educated in the various treatments – whether preservation, period restoration or rehabilitation (aka adaptive re-use) – it seemed that no one was yet talking about heritage values in the 1980s. About that time, Parks Canada had released …


Influence Of The Evolution Of Cultural Landscapes As Heritage On 20th Century International Heritage Preservation Doctrine, Cari Goetcheus, Nora J. Mitchell Jan 2022

Influence Of The Evolution Of Cultural Landscapes As Heritage On 20th Century International Heritage Preservation Doctrine, Cari Goetcheus, Nora J. Mitchell

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

The Athens and Venice charters are generally considered the philosophical foundation of modern heritage preservation. Throughout the 20th century, preservation practitioners have continually debated these early doctrines, especially as they’ve been applied to increasingly diverse places in ever-changing social contexts. As important shifts in heritage preservation theory have evolved, a broad range of values have extended the definition of cultural heritage from monument-specific sites to larger landscapes, from local to regional and national scales, from expert to traditional knowledge, and from static cultural fabric to dynamic ecological processes.

This paper argues that the recognition and development of cultural landscapes …


Refreshing ‘Cultural Landscapes’ - Isccl Global Dialogue 30 Years Later, David Jacques, Patricia Odonnell Jan 2022

Refreshing ‘Cultural Landscapes’ - Isccl Global Dialogue 30 Years Later, David Jacques, Patricia Odonnell

ISCCL Scientific Symposia and Annual General Meetings // Symposiums scientifiques et assemblées générales annuelles de l'ISCCL // Simposios científicos yy las Asambleas Generales Anuales

Until 1992 none of the UNESCO criteria for World Heritage allowed specifically for landscapes shaped by humanity. Following on about a decade of dialogue, at the World Heritage Committee meeting in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, the States Parties agreed to add definitions and types of ‘cultural landscapes’ to the World Heritage Operational Guidelines.

The formulation of ‘cultural landscapes’ at that time has proved to be largely robust, though inevitably, after nearly 30 years, with a wider range of experts involved and topics covered, a retrospective study seeks to explore potential clarifications and adjustments from diverse global viewpoints. The ISCCL …