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The Politics Of Fertility: Population And Pronatalism In Ladakh, Jennifer Aengst Jul 2103

The Politics Of Fertility: Population And Pronatalism In Ladakh, Jennifer Aengst

Himalaya, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies

In India’s northwestern region of Ladakh, the linkage between reproduction, politics, and fertility is both complicated and contested, evident in increasing population discourses and the re-emergence of a Buddhist pronatalist movement. This paper examines the impacts of population discourses and pronatalism on women’s reproductive decision-making, as well as on the delivery of healthcare throughout Ladakh. Population discourses currently circulating produce two reproductive subjects—the “hyper-fertile Muslim woman” and the “vulnerable Buddhist”—both of which have been central in revitalizing Buddhist pronatalism. Data collected through a hospital-based survey and interviews shows that fertility behavior is shaped by religious interpretations ...


Entrepreneurial Opportunity As Expressed In Actions (Interactive Paper), Rok Stritar, Mateja Drnovšek Jun 2102

Entrepreneurial Opportunity As Expressed In Actions (Interactive Paper), Rok Stritar, Mateja Drnovšek

Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research

Dimov (2010) suggested that the notion of entrepreneurial opportunity could be better adapted to entrepreneurship reality by focusing on the substance of entrepreneurial behavior, that is, observing entrepreneurs act as they seize opportunities. This study focuses on early techniques and actions of novice entrepreneurs that over time turned out to be key players. By trying to answer “How do novice entrepreneurs that identified an opportunity in an emerging industry seize and develop the opportunity?” we seek to add to current knowledge on what techniques and actions entrepreneurs employ in opportunity recognition and development process by studying novice entrepreneurs in emerging ...


Gender Preferences For Economic, Social, And Environmental Value Creation Goals (Interactive Paper), Amanda Elam, Diana Hechavarria, Amy E. Ingram, Siri Terjesen, Rachida Justo Jun 2102

Gender Preferences For Economic, Social, And Environmental Value Creation Goals (Interactive Paper), Amanda Elam, Diana Hechavarria, Amy E. Ingram, Siri Terjesen, Rachida Justo

Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research

Scholars have argued for a more holistic view of entrepreneurial value creation and motivations as empirical findings consistently suggest that some entrepreneurs exhibit strong non-monetary values (Douglas and Shepherd, 2000; Filley and Aldag, 1978; Gorgievski, Ascalon and Stephan, 2010; Low and MacMillan, 1988). We explore motives for economic, social, and environmental value creation goals from a gender perspective. The economic view of entrepreneurship assumes the main incentive is the opportunity to earn rents (Shane and Venkataraman, 2000). However, recently social value and environmental value creation been recognized as an essential feature of entrepreneurship by scholars (Austin et al., 2006; Zahra ...


Back Matter Jan 2102

Back Matter

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

No abstract provided.


Teschner V. Commissioner, 38 T.C. ... No. 101 (1962), Harry A. Haines Jan 2063

Teschner V. Commissioner, 38 T.C. ... No. 101 (1962), Harry A. Haines

Montana Law Review

Teschner v. Commissioner


Admit That The Waters Around You Have Grown: Change And Legal Education, Mari J. Matsuda Oct 2014

Admit That The Waters Around You Have Grown: Change And Legal Education, Mari J. Matsuda

Indiana Law Journal

Presented as the Addison C. Harris Lecture at Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Bloomington, Indiana, September 25, 2013.


The Unconvincing Case Against Private Prisons, Malcolm M. Feeley Oct 2014

The Unconvincing Case Against Private Prisons, Malcolm M. Feeley

Indiana Law Journal

In 2009, the Israeli High Court of Justice held that private prisons are unconstitutional. This was more than a domestic constitutional issue. The court anchored its decision in a carefully reasoned opinion arguing that the state has a monopoly on the administration of punishment, and thus private prisons violate basic principles of modern democratic governance. This position was immediately elaborated upon by a number of leading legal philosophers, and the expanded argument has reverberated among legal philosophers, global constitutionalists, and public officials around the world. Private prisons are a global phenomenon, and this argument now stands as the definitive principled ...


The Limits Of Child Pornography, Carissa Byrne Hessick Oct 2014

The Limits Of Child Pornography, Carissa Byrne Hessick

Indiana Law Journal

Although the First Amendment ordinarily protects the creation, distribution, and possession of visual images, the Supreme Court has declared that those protections do not apply to child pornography. But the Court has failed to clearly define child pornography as a category of speech. Providing a precise definition of the child pornography exception to the First Amendment has become increasingly important because recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the penalties associated with the creation, distribution, and possession of child pornography.

This Article proposes a clear definition of the child pornography exception. It argues that an image ought to fall ...


Charitable Giving And Utilitarianism: Problems And Priorities, Miranda Perry Fleischer Oct 2014

Charitable Giving And Utilitarianism: Problems And Priorities, Miranda Perry Fleischer

Indiana Law Journal

Charitable giving is redistributive at heart. It is thus surprising that scholarship on the charitable tax subsidies focuses on the efficient and pluralistic production of public goods while largely ignoring distributive justice concerns. Existing scholarship and current law leave crucial questions unanswered: How should we prioritize among charities? Should subsidized groups be required to help the poor? Are criticisms that charities do too little to help the poor valid? This Article is part of a series that examines how each common theory of distributive justice would answer these questions.

More specifically, this Article explores utilitarianism and the charitable tax subsidies ...


Retroactivity At The Federal Circuit, David L. Schwartz Oct 2014

Retroactivity At The Federal Circuit, David L. Schwartz

Indiana Law Journal

A substantial subset of patent opinions from the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals functions in a wholly different manner from ordinary judicial opinions: they have strong retroactive effects with weak prospective effects. All Federal Circuit opinions have strong retroactive effects because issued patents and pending applications rarely can be modified. The Federal Circuit decisions apply in full to these patents and applications, even though they were prepared without the benefit of the rulings. In contrast, many of these opinions have almost no prospective effects. Patent law provides tremendous linguistic flexibility to patent drafters, which can be used to avoid the ...


Our Non-Originalist Right To Bear Arms, Robert Leider Oct 2014

Our Non-Originalist Right To Bear Arms, Robert Leider

Indiana Law Journal

District of Columbia v. Heller was a landmark, if controversial, opinion. Discussion has centered on the merits of its self-described originalist approach. Supporters praise its efforts to return to a more originalist and textualist approach to constitutional questions, whereas critics challenge the accuracy of Heller’s historical claims and criticize its departure from precedent.

This Article challenges much of the conventional wisdom about Heller, its use of originalism, and its relationship to nineteenth- and twentieth-century case law. This Article argues that, despite much of its rhetoric, Heller actually exemplified popular constitutionalism—not originalism—in the way it approached the most ...


Abortion And The “Woman Question”: Forty Years Of Debate, Reva B. Siegel Oct 2014

Abortion And The “Woman Question”: Forty Years Of Debate, Reva B. Siegel

Indiana Law Journal

This paper was presented as the Addison C. Harris Lecture at the Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Bloomington, Indiana, September 27, 2012.


Free Exercise After The Arab Spring: Protecting Egypt’S Religious Minorities Under The Country’S New Constitution, James Michael Nossett Oct 2014

Free Exercise After The Arab Spring: Protecting Egypt’S Religious Minorities Under The Country’S New Constitution, James Michael Nossett

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Medical Device Excise Tax: An Unfair Burden, Elizabeth M. Bolka Oct 2014

The Medical Device Excise Tax: An Unfair Burden, Elizabeth M. Bolka

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Preventing Violent Extremism In Kenya Through Value Complexity: Assessment Of Being Kenyan Being Muslim, Sara Savage, Anjum Khan, Dr. Jose Liht Oct 2014

Preventing Violent Extremism In Kenya Through Value Complexity: Assessment Of Being Kenyan Being Muslim, Sara Savage, Anjum Khan, Dr. Jose Liht

Journal of Strategic Security

Being Kenyan Being Muslim (BKBM) is an intervention that counters violent extremism and other forms of intergroup conflict through promoting value complexity. BKBM was trialled in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya with a group of twenty-four participants of Kenyan and Somali ethnicities; eight participants were identified as vulnerable to extremism, six of these were former al Shabaab members. This article provides an empirical assessment of the effectiveness of the BKBM course. The new BKBM course follows the structure of the Being Muslim Being British course that exposes participants to the multiplicity of value priorities that influential Muslims embody, and structures group activities ...


Threat Assessment: Do Lone Terrorists Differ From Other Lone Offenders?, Diane M. Zierhoffer Oct 2014

Threat Assessment: Do Lone Terrorists Differ From Other Lone Offenders?, Diane M. Zierhoffer

Journal of Strategic Security

This study evaluates the viability of a threat assessment model developed to calculate the risk of targeted violence as a predictor of violence by potential lone terrorists. There is no profile, to date, which would assist in the identification of a lone terrorist prior to an attack. The threat assessment model developed by Borum, Fein, Vossekuil, and Berglund and described in “Threat Assessment: Defining an approach for evaluating risk of targeted violence” (1999) poses ten questions about the patterns of thinking and behaviors that may precipitate an attack of targeted violence.

Three terrorists are studied to assess the model’s ...


Motivations And Implications Of Community Service Provision By La Familia Michoacána / Knights Templar And Other Mexican Drug Cartels, Shawn T. Flanigan Oct 2014

Motivations And Implications Of Community Service Provision By La Familia Michoacána / Knights Templar And Other Mexican Drug Cartels, Shawn T. Flanigan

Journal of Strategic Security

Research demonstrates that service provision by violent organizations can be an effective strategy for coercing the local community to accept and conceal a group’s violent activities, and for creating loyalty to these groups. This has been most frequently explored among political organizations such as terrorist groups, with organizations like Hezbollah and Hamas very visibly engaged in providing social welfare in addition to their violent activities. Recent reports indicate that criminal organizations in Mexico also are involved in instances of public service provision in local communities. This article explores the extent to which drug cartels operating in Mexico are involved ...


Towards A Better U.S. Nuclear Strategy, John J. Klein Oct 2014

Towards A Better U.S. Nuclear Strategy, John J. Klein

Journal of Strategic Security

The U.S. nuclear posture and the future role of nuclear deterrence is a topic that continues to be hotly debated. This situation will continue because of changes in the international security environment and the pressure to find reductions within the U.S. defense budget. Regardless of claims to the contrary, nuclear deterrence remains critical in ensuring future peace and stability.


Table Of Contents Oct 2014

Table Of Contents

Journal of Strategic Security

No abstract provided.


Explaining Violent Extremism For Subgroups By Gender And Immigrant Background, Using Sat As A Framework, Nele Schils, Lieven Pauwels Oct 2014

Explaining Violent Extremism For Subgroups By Gender And Immigrant Background, Using Sat As A Framework, Nele Schils, Lieven Pauwels

Journal of Strategic Security

The principal object of this paper is to study the effects of extremist propensity, exposure to extremist moral settings and their interaction effect on political violence in sub groups by gender and immigrant background. The situational action theory, as outlined by Wikström is used as a framework. Although previous studies have found empirical evidence for this interaction effect in the light of general offending, no study so far has applied SAT to the study of violent extremism. In doing so, we will also address the stability of the interaction effect by gender and immigrant background. The present study is based ...


The Art Of Betrayal: The Secret History Of Mi6, Life And Death In The British Secret Service. By Gordon Corera. New York, Ny: Pegasus Books, 2013., Ed J. Hagerty, Ph.D. Oct 2014

The Art Of Betrayal: The Secret History Of Mi6, Life And Death In The British Secret Service. By Gordon Corera. New York, Ny: Pegasus Books, 2013., Ed J. Hagerty, Ph.D.

Journal of Strategic Security

No abstract provided.


The Direction Of War: Contemporary Strategy In Historical Perspective. By Hew Strachan. New York, N.Y: Cambridge University Press, 2013., Mark Roberts Oct 2014

The Direction Of War: Contemporary Strategy In Historical Perspective. By Hew Strachan. New York, N.Y: Cambridge University Press, 2013., Mark Roberts

Journal of Strategic Security

No abstract provided.


The Business Of Counterterrorism. Public-Private Partnerships In Homeland Security. By Nathan E. Busch & Austen D. Givens. New York, Ny: Peter Lang, 2014., Robert L. Ditch, Ed.D., Cem Oct 2014

The Business Of Counterterrorism. Public-Private Partnerships In Homeland Security. By Nathan E. Busch & Austen D. Givens. New York, Ny: Peter Lang, 2014., Robert L. Ditch, Ed.D., Cem

Journal of Strategic Security

No abstract provided.


Status Of The Endangered Scotts Valley Spineflower (Polygonaceae) In Coastal Central California, Christopher P. Kofron, Kathleen Lyons Sep 2014

Status Of The Endangered Scotts Valley Spineflower (Polygonaceae) In Coastal Central California, Christopher P. Kofron, Kathleen Lyons

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Chorizanthe robusta var. hartwegii (Scotts Valley spineflower, Polygonaceae) is a narrow endemic plant restricted to a specialized microhabitat (exposed bedrock in California prairie) in Santa Cruz County, California. This taxon and the nominate variety were listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act in 1994. Three occurrences of C. robusta hartwegii exist on four properties in a recently urbanized area at the northern edge of the city of Scotts Valley. Ten of 80 known colonies are now likely extirpated. In 2014 the primary threats are habitat alteration due to adjacent land uses and developments, and invasive plant species ...


From Progesterone In Biopsies To Estimates Of Pregnancy Rates: Large Scale Reproductive Patterns Of Two Sympatric Species Of Common Dolphin, Delphinus Spp. Off California, Usa And Baja, Mexico, Nicholas Marc Kellar, Marisa L. Trego, Susan J. Chivers, Fredrick I. Archer, Wayne L. Perryman Sep 2014

From Progesterone In Biopsies To Estimates Of Pregnancy Rates: Large Scale Reproductive Patterns Of Two Sympatric Species Of Common Dolphin, Delphinus Spp. Off California, Usa And Baja, Mexico, Nicholas Marc Kellar, Marisa L. Trego, Susan J. Chivers, Fredrick I. Archer, Wayne L. Perryman

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Blubber progesterone levels were measured in biopsy samples and used to predict the pregnancy status of 507 female common dolphins (204 long-beaked common dolphins, Delphinus capensis, and 303 short-beaked common dolphins, D. delphis). Samples were collected in the coastal waters of the eastern North Pacific between central California, USA and the southern end of Baja California, Mexico. The percentage of females pregnant was similar between the two species: 22.1% (n = 45) of D. capensis and 28.1% (n = 85) of D. delphis. For both species we found strong geographic patterns in pregnancy, suggesting that some areas were more conducive ...


Responses Of Small Mammals To Wildfire In A Mixed Conifer Forest In The San Bernardino Mountains, California, Mark I. Borchert Sep 2014

Responses Of Small Mammals To Wildfire In A Mixed Conifer Forest In The San Bernardino Mountains, California, Mark I. Borchert

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Abstract.—Wildfires are becoming more prevalent in montane conifer forests of the San Bernardino Mountains of southern California. The effects of fire on stand structure and composition of these forests has been extensively studied but there are far fewer studies on how wildfires affect the fauna. For five years after a wildfire in 2007, we live-trapped small mammals in three burn types: unburned, moderate-severity and high-severity. A primary objective of this study was to document the response of the small mammal community to high-severity fire. Pinyon mice were consistently more abundant in unburned forests and declined by 69-76% between unburned ...


Psoroptes Mites And Mule Deer (Odocoileus Hemionus): Additional Notes From The San Bernardino Mountains, California, Vernon C. Bleich Sep 2014

Psoroptes Mites And Mule Deer (Odocoileus Hemionus): Additional Notes From The San Bernardino Mountains, California, Vernon C. Bleich

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Mites of the genus Psoroptes frequently infest bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) in southwestern North America. Although based on a small sample (n = 15), evidence from the San Bernardino Mountains, California, previously suggested that mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) sympatric with bighorn sheep were not infested with Psoroptes mites and, thus, were not a likely source of mites occurring on bighorn sheep. We examined 34 additional mule deer that were sympatric with bighorn sheep and detected no clinical evidence of Psoroptes infestation, providing additional support for the conclusion of Singer et al. (1997) that mule deer are unlikely sources of mites infesting ...


Natural Egg Sac Clutch Size Of The Brown Widow Spider, Latrodectus Geometricus (Araneae: Theridiidae) In Southern California, Douglas W. R. Danielsen, Daniel E. Clarke, Stephan J. Valle, Amy A. Anselmo, Leonard S. Vincent, Richard S. Vetter Sep 2014

Natural Egg Sac Clutch Size Of The Brown Widow Spider, Latrodectus Geometricus (Araneae: Theridiidae) In Southern California, Douglas W. R. Danielsen, Daniel E. Clarke, Stephan J. Valle, Amy A. Anselmo, Leonard S. Vincent, Richard S. Vetter

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Abstract. We investigated egg sac clutch size of the brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch, in southern California from June through October 2012 by counting eggs from 214 field collected egg sacs. Clutch size was fairly constant over this five-month period averaging 129.0 ± 51.0 eggs per sac with the only significant monthly difference being more eggs in September than June. Determining the relatively constant egg production for this period contributed knowledge to another project involving application of pesticide to brown widow egg sacs in attempted control of this newly established invasive pest species.


2014 Annual Meeting Abstracts Sep 2014

2014 Annual Meeting Abstracts

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

No abstract provided.


Covers Sep 2014

Covers

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

No abstract provided.