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Occupational and Environmental Health Nursing Commons

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Getting To Zero: Creating An Infrastructure To Support Fall Prevention In A Medical–Surgical Unit, Krys Elgarico 2019 University of San Francisco

Getting To Zero: Creating An Infrastructure To Support Fall Prevention In A Medical–Surgical Unit, Krys Elgarico

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Hospital falls are a growing national patient safety concern that cause anxiety, pain, distress, serious injuries, and increased health care utilization. Despite the presence of a well-developed falls prevention protocol since 2017. Internal data from an inpatient medical-surgical telemetry (MST) unit indicate the largest number of fall-related events among the hospital’s departments.

Context: Practice improvement project was initiated in a 217-bed community hospital to determine barriers and potential success factors. This MST is a dynamic, 48-bed unit providing care to mainly geriatric patients who require continuous telemetry monitoring and complex medical, trauma, and surgical services. Senior leaders in ...


Tuberculosis, Jessica Puri 2019 Otterbein University

Tuberculosis, Jessica Puri

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a curable disease that claims the lives of millions each year. TB is an airborne disease spread by inhaling droplets of the tubercle bacillus. There are two different types of TB related conditions; latent TB infection and active TB disease. During latent TB, an individual inhales droplets of tubercle bacillus but the immune system can fight off this infection. However, once droplets of tubercle bacillus penetrate the alveoli, and colonization of droplets multiply, latent TB transitions into active TB disease (Katanekwa & Dahlback, 2016, p. 9). TB is typically found in the lungs but can also develop in ...


Just Culture: It's More Than Policy, Linda Ann Paradiso, Nancy Sweeney 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Just Culture: It's More Than Policy, Linda Ann Paradiso, Nancy Sweeney

Publications and Research

Any healthcare organization’s top priority is effective and safe care. Despite this, medical error is the third-leading cause of death in the US. Hospitals are imperfect systems where nurses have competing demands and are forced to improvise and develop workarounds. Errors rarely occur in a vacuum, rather they’re a sequence of events with multiple opportunities for correction. Clinical nurses can have a significant impact on reducing errors due to their proximity to patients. When errors are identified, the events and impact on safe care need to be shared. Just culture is a safe haven that supports reporting. In ...


Patient Perception Of Fall Risk And High Fall Risk Screening Scores, Nicole D. Pena 2019 University of San Diego

Patient Perception Of Fall Risk And High Fall Risk Screening Scores, Nicole D. Pena

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the relationship between patient

perception of fall risk and high fall risk screening scores.

Background: Despite mandated government regulations and multiple hospital

interventions, falls are the most prevalent adverse event among hospitalized patients and

are the leading driver of health care costs, amounting to over $30 billion each year with

projections to double by 2030. Recently, perception was identified as a major component

in preventing falls. A dearth of research examines the relationship between a patient’s

perceived risk for falls and standardized fall screening scores.

Methods: A descriptive correlational design ...


Reducing Re-Hospitalizations Of Patients With Heart Failure At A Skilled Nursing Facility, Louis D'Onofrio Jr. 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Reducing Re-Hospitalizations Of Patients With Heart Failure At A Skilled Nursing Facility, Louis D'Onofrio Jr.

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Student Works

The purpose of this project was to introduce the quality improvement (QI) process to reduce re-hospitalization rates in a skilled nursing facility (SNF) in Stratford, Connecticut for patients having a diagnosis of heart failure (HF). After reviewing the data from the nursing facility for re-hospitalization rates over a three-month period, it was discovered that 22% of patients at the SNF were re-hospitalized within 30 days. Of this population of patients, 22.9% had a diagnosis or complication of HF, which is associated with the highest re-hospitalization rates. This QI project focused on HF education customized towards nursing and nursing assistant ...


A Framework For Learning During An Honors Internship: Embold Health Inc., Haley Haldeman 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Framework For Learning During An Honors Internship: Embold Health Inc., Haley Haldeman

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Embold Health Inc. is a health care analytics start-up company that identifies top performing providers using large data sets and clinically nuanced measurement. A comprehensive assessment of quality, appropriateness, and cost is what Embold Health delivers. Embold allows payers more control in choosing providers within their region. Being able to identify top provider behaviors through rigorous data driven measurement is significant both clinically and commercially; it provides the opportunity to increase value of care, decrease waste, and drive down cost.

Over the past year as an intern, I’ve had a first-hand look into the complexity that surrounds data driven ...


Comparison Of A Numeric And A Descriptive Pain Scale In The Occupational Medicine Setting, George Francis McMahon III 2019 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Comparison Of A Numeric And A Descriptive Pain Scale In The Occupational Medicine Setting, George Francis Mcmahon Iii

Doctoral Projects

Pain is a universal phenomenon. The assessment of a patient’s pain is difficult to objectively obtain because the perception of the pain by the patient is influenced by many subjective perception variables. These variables can inflate or deflate the patient’s self-reported pain level which can adversely affect the medical provider’s ability to accurately create a treatment plan for the patient. This study compared the patient’s response to a self-rating of their pain on a numeric pain scale with the response given by the patient on the Mankoski pain scale. Comparison of the numeric pain scale to ...


Gender Differences In Predictors Of Physical Activity Among Korean College Students Based On The Health Promotion Model, Yeong-Ja Seo, Yeongmi Ha 2019 Gyeongsang National University

Gender Differences In Predictors Of Physical Activity Among Korean College Students Based On The Health Promotion Model, Yeong-Ja Seo, Yeongmi Ha

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Aim: Despite the numerous physical and psychological benefits of physical activity (PA), the prevalence of achieving PA recommendations decreases in college students. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify factors influencing PA in male and female college students based on the Health Promotion Model.

Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional research design was used to investigate factors influencing PA among male and female college students. A convenience sample of 264 Korean students was recruited from three colleges. Participants completed measures of physical activity, perceived benefits/barriers to PA, PA self-efficacy, activity-related affect, and peer support.

Results: A multiple regression analysis indicated that ...


Organizational Wellness Programs As Internal Social Marketing: A Literature Review Of Feasible Approaches, Faith Bontrager RN, BSN, Kimball P. Marshall Ph.D. 2019 Cigna Health & Life Insurance Company

Organizational Wellness Programs As Internal Social Marketing: A Literature Review Of Feasible Approaches, Faith Bontrager Rn, Bsn, Kimball P. Marshall Ph.D.

Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Improving Health Literacy Among Latino Migrant Dairy Farmworkers, Dayna A. Stimson 2019 University of Vermont

Improving Health Literacy Among Latino Migrant Dairy Farmworkers, Dayna A. Stimson

College of Nursing and Health Sciences Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Project Publications

Background/Purpose: Latino migrant farmworkers are a marginalized and medically underserved population in Vermont and nationally. They experience significant health disparities and barriers to healthcare access compared to others living in rural areas. Barriers include limited knowledge regarding available services and low general and health literacy. These barriers lead to poorer health outcomes. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to enhance health literacy and follow-up care for migrant farmworkers by improving health literacy in a community health outreach setting.

Methods: In northwestern Vermont, 33 outpatient migrant farmworkers were recruited following health screening visit and referred for follow-up. AHRQ Health ...


Exploring Medical-Surgical Nurse Turnover And Stratagies, Amber D. Weaver 2019 Gardner-Webb University

Exploring Medical-Surgical Nurse Turnover And Stratagies, Amber D. Weaver

Nursing Theses and Capstone Projects

This study explored the issue of medical-surgical unit nurse turnover and strategies to create nurse retention. The goal of this study was to provide nursing administrators with data that shows the cause of nurse turnover in this nursing specialty. The hypothesis was that there will be findings to indicate that medical-surgical nurses are at increased risk for employment turnover due to increased patient load and patient turnover. To study this concept, the Revised Casey-Fink Nurse Retention Survey was utilized. The results of the survey were revealed, and recommendations were made that may lead to nurse retention on the medical-surgical unit.


An Educational Intervention For Skin Cancer Prevention With Hospital Staff: A Pilot Project For System Change, Amy Fran Bruce 2019 West Virginia Univerisity

An Educational Intervention For Skin Cancer Prevention With Hospital Staff: A Pilot Project For System Change, Amy Fran Bruce

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to design, implement, and evaluate an educational intervention provided to health care professionals using the Sun Smart U Curriculum created by the Skin Cancer Foundation (2017).

METHODS: Using a pretest-posttest design with a convenience sample (N=40), this intervention targeted the health professionals and staff from a residential/acute care facility caring for pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult populations. Aims of this project included: (1) the staff’s baseline level of knowledge regarding sun protective behaviors using the Sun Smart U Curriculum, (2) the staff’s level of knowledge regarding sun protective behaviors post ...


Building Shared Values In The Community: Culture Of Health, Donnelle D. Storrs 2018 University of the Incarnate Word

Building Shared Values In The Community: Culture Of Health, Donnelle D. Storrs

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The zip codes where patients live are stronger determinants of health outcomes than the frequency of visits with a primary care provider. Providers have a unique opportunity to extend health care beyond the clinic walls and engage in efforts to improve the communities where their patients grow, live, work, and age. In order to impact the health of patients, a culture of health needs to be developed. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation culture of health action framework directed the build of a foundation of health as a shared value in a neighborhood with high morbidity and mortality rates in southwest ...


Improving Communication To Reduce Patient Falls In A 48-Bed Medical-Surgical Unit, Christian Gella 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improving Communication To Reduce Patient Falls In A 48-Bed Medical-Surgical Unit, Christian Gella

Nursing and Health Professions Faculty Research and Publications

Abstract

Problem: Patient falls has been associated with increased morbidity, mortality and decreased quality of life. The increase in total patient falls for 2018 relative to 2017, and a spike of 10 patient falls for the month of June 2018 from a baseline of 5.3 falls per month has gained greater attention to reduce patient harm from falls while hospitalized. Prevention of falls minimizes patient exposure to the possibility of being injured. Despite efforts to curtail patient falls, improvement in communication is essential to address the safety issues surrounding improving quality of care practices, and consequentially reduce un-reimbursable hospital ...


Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), develops gradually, and tends to be noticed by farmers only after there has been a significant loss of lung function. People with symptoms of COPD often present for health care in later stages of disease, because they accept cough or breathlessness as “normal”.

Measurement of lung health for those at risk of developing COPD provides an opportunity for early detection of lung disease, and deter the progression toward irreversible damage to the lungs. COPD is, however, under-diagnosed.

The importance of bringing primary care providers and farmers together, and acknowledging the high-risk nature of occupational exposures ...


Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg PhD, MN, RN, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver BSN, Maria Militzer MA, Julia Seng PhD, CNM, FAAN, Marjorie C. McCullagh PhD, RN, APHN-BC, COHN-S, FAAOHN, FAAN 2018 University of Michigan

Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg Phd, Mn, Rn, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver Bsn, Maria Militzer Ma, Julia Seng Phd, Cnm, Faan, Marjorie C. Mccullagh Phd, Rn, Aphn-Bc, Cohn-S, Faaohn, Faan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Hotel housekeepers have challenging working conditions, putting them at risk for poor health such as hypertension. Despite their risks, few studies have measured their blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to explore hotel housekeepers’ blood pressure and the associations between work and BP. Methods: A community engagement approach was used to recruit study participants. Data sources included questionnaires, and BP measurement. Results: Over 25% of the 39 hotel housekeepers reported hypertension diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medication used. Across the job domains, job satisfaction was correlated with diastolic BP, and workload was correlated with systolic BP. There were ...


Antibiotic Stewardship Among Primary Care Providers In Mississippi, Foley D. Graham, Hayden S. Kilgore, Kali D. Rogers, Sierra G. Cain, Brittany D. Dickerson, Kayla L. Warner 2018 Mississippi University for Women

Antibiotic Stewardship Among Primary Care Providers In Mississippi, Foley D. Graham, Hayden S. Kilgore, Kali D. Rogers, Sierra G. Cain, Brittany D. Dickerson, Kayla L. Warner

MSN Research Projects

The World Health Organization states antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism to stop an antimicrobial from working which results in ineffective treatment and persistent infections. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2017) reported that in the year 2015, 269.4 million antibiotic prescriptions were written in the outpatient setting, and approximately 30% of antibiotics written are unwarranted. Of those cases, most patients receive an antibiotic related to acute uncomplicated bronchitis, pharyngitis, or rhinosinusitis. The CDC reported that Americans spend nearly $11 billion yearly on antibiotics alone. However, up to 50% of all antibiotics prescribed are not ...


Employee Influenza Immunization: Education And A Directive To Increase Immunization Rates, Ashley Roman 2018 University of the Incarnate Word

Employee Influenza Immunization: Education And A Directive To Increase Immunization Rates, Ashley Roman

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Purpose: The aim of this quality improvement project was to improve the influenza vaccination rate of health care workers at an ambulatory care center to meet the national benchmark of 90%.

Background: Influenza is a communicable disease that affects over 130,000 people causing 7,000 deaths (CDC, 2017b). Over the last 3 years the influenza immunization rates at the facility of interest have been on a downward trend despite multiple interventions, resulting in 43% last season. A directive was published at the beginning of the 2017-2018 influenza season mandating each employee to either get a vaccine or decline in ...


Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem. Providing housing to otherwise homeless individuals who are HIV/AIDS-positive has been demonstrated to improve control of the disease. This was a healthcare quality initiative to review the viral load and Cluster of Differentiation Protein Four positive (CD4+) counts over time of residents in an urban housing facility for HIV/AIDS-positive individuals. Also, a nurse-run clinic was introduced for residents, especially those with comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes.

Methods. A repeated measures design was utilized. Viral loads and CD4+ counts were retrospectively reviewed from facility records at entrance into and five-years later at the facility. Additionally, measurements ...


Musculoskeletal Disorders In Healthcare Workers, Josephine Lauer 2018 The University of San Francisco

Musculoskeletal Disorders In Healthcare Workers, Josephine Lauer

Master's Projects and Capstones

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) are one of the leading causes of disability in hospital nurses and nursing aids and is a high cost problem in the healthcare industry. Working in a complex environment of an acute medical floor where repetitive nature of patient handling, can lead to musculoskeletal injuries for healthcare workers. This is evidenced by work-related injuries in hospitals nearly doubling compared to private industry and hospitals are one of the most hazardous work environments in the country. Musculoskeletal injuries of healthcare workers are an ongoing problem which requires investigation due to high risk of reoccurrence. This is especially true ...


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