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Articles 1 - 30 of 14259

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Nude Horse Is A Rude Horse: The Society For Indecency To Naked Animals, Thomas Aiello Oct 2021

A Nude Horse Is A Rude Horse: The Society For Indecency To Naked Animals, Thomas Aiello

Animal Studies Journal

In 1959, Alan Abel began sending out a series of press releases to American media outlets credited to a new organization, The Society for Indecency to Naked Animals. Using the language of conservative moralists opposed to the changes in postwar society, he argued that ‘naked’ animals were scandalous and needed to be clothed. Pets, farm animals, and wildlife were all included, as the organization hued to slogans like ‘a nude horse is a rude horse’ and ‘decency today means morality tomorrow’. Abel employed comedian Buck Henry to play the organization’s president, G. Clifford Prout, who gave interviews and speeches ...


Utilizing Qr Codes To Verify The Visual Fidelity Of Image Datasets For Machine Learning, Yang-Wai Chow, Willy Susilo, Jianfang Wang, Richard Buckland, Joon Sang Baek, Jongkil Kim, Nan Li Jan 2021

Utilizing Qr Codes To Verify The Visual Fidelity Of Image Datasets For Machine Learning, Yang-Wai Chow, Willy Susilo, Jianfang Wang, Richard Buckland, Joon Sang Baek, Jongkil Kim, Nan Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Machine learning is becoming increasingly popular in modern technology and has been adopted in various application areas. However, researchers have demonstrated that machine learning models are vulnerable to adversarial examples in their inputs, which has given rise to a field of research known as adversarial machine learning. Potential adversarial attacks include methods of poisoning datasets by perturbing input samples to mislead machine learning models into producing undesirable results. While such perturbations are often subtle and imperceptible from the perspective of a human, they can greatly affect the performance of machine learning models. This paper presents two methods of verifying the ...


Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic Jan 2021

Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Contribution: This article provides evidence that perceived learning has a relationship and influences the way students evaluate laboratory experiments, facilities, and demonstrators. Background: Debate continues on the capability and/or reliability of students to evaluate teaching and/or learning. Understanding such relationships can help educators decode evaluation data to develop more effective teaching experiences. Research Question: Does a relationship exist between student evaluation scores and perceived learning? Methodology: Perceived learning across the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains was measured using the Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement (LLOM) tool at an Australian (344 students) and Serbian (181 students) university. A multilevel statistical ...


Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall Jan 2021

Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Background and purpose: The purpose of this work is to present the clinical experience from the first-in-human trial of real-time tumor targeting via MLC tracking for stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) of lung lesions. Methods and materials: Seventeen patients with stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or lung metastases were included in a study of electromagnetic transponder–guided MLC tracking for SABR (NCT02514512). Patients had electromagnetic transponders inserted near the tumor. An MLC tracking SABR plan was generated with planning target volume (PTV) expanded 5 mm from the end-exhale gross tumor volume (GTV). A clinically approved comparator plan was ...


Genetic Variation For Fusarium Crown Rot Tolerance In Durum Wheat, Gururaj Pralhad Kadkol, Jess Meza, Steven Simpfendorfer, Steve Harden, Brian R. Cullis Professor Jan 2021

Genetic Variation For Fusarium Crown Rot Tolerance In Durum Wheat, Gururaj Pralhad Kadkol, Jess Meza, Steven Simpfendorfer, Steve Harden, Brian R. Cullis Professor

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Tolerance to the cereal disease Fusarium crown rot (FCR) was investigated in a set of 34 durum wheat genotypes, with Suntop, (bread wheat) and EGA Bellaroi (durum) as tolerant and intolerant controls, in a series of replicated field trials over four years with inoculated (FCR-i) and non-inoculated (FCR-n) plots of the genotypes. The genotypes included con- ventional durum lines and lines derived from crossing durum with 2–49, a bread wheat geno- type with the highest level of partial resistance to FCR. A split plot trial design was chosen to optimize the efficiency for the prediction of FCR tolerance for ...


Electrospun Nanofibers For Efficient Adsorption Of Heavy Metals From Water And Wastewater, Maryam Salehi, Donya Sharafoddinzadeh, Fatemeh Mokhtari, Mitra Salehi Esfandarani, Shafieh Karami Jan 2021

Electrospun Nanofibers For Efficient Adsorption Of Heavy Metals From Water And Wastewater, Maryam Salehi, Donya Sharafoddinzadeh, Fatemeh Mokhtari, Mitra Salehi Esfandarani, Shafieh Karami

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Heavy metals (HMs) are persistent and toxic environmental pollutants that pose critical risks toward human health and environmental safety. Their efficient elimination from water and wastewater is essential to protect public health, ensure environmental safety, and enhance sustainability. In the recent decade, nanomaterials have been developed extensively for rapid and effective removal of HMs from water and wastewater and to address the certain economical and operational challenges associated with conventional treatment practices, including chemical precipitation, ion exchange, adsorption, and membrane separation. However, the complicated and expensive manufacturing process of nanoparticles and nanotubes, their reduced adsorption capacity due to the aggregation ...


Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives on Covid-19


Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Covid-19 and Capital: Labour Studies and Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue.


'Fulfilling Your Dog's Potential': Changing Dimensions Of Power In Dog Training Cultures In The Uk, Nickie Charles, Rebekah Fox, Harriet Smith, Mara Miele Jan 2021

'Fulfilling Your Dog's Potential': Changing Dimensions Of Power In Dog Training Cultures In The Uk, Nickie Charles, Rebekah Fox, Harriet Smith, Mara Miele

Animal Studies Journal

This article explores the workings of power in dog training cultures through an analysis of UK dog training manuals from the mid-19th century to the present. We focus on gundog and companion dog training cultures, investigating the dog-human relations they assume, the changing conceptions of human-animal relations they represent, and the inequalities and relations of power in which they are embedded. Rather than thinking about changing training practices in terms of a shift from dominance to positive training, or from instrumental to affective relations, we argue that training cultures reveal how inter-species inequalities are conceptualised and reproduced in a range ...


[Review] Austin Mcquinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality In Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 Pp., Annie Garlid Jan 2021

[Review] Austin Mcquinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality In Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 Pp., Annie Garlid

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Austin McQuinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality in Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 pp.


[Review] Marcus Byrne And Helen Lunn. Dance Of The Dung Beetles: Their Role In Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Marcus Byrne And Helen Lunn. Dance Of The Dung Beetles: Their Role In Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Marcus Byrne and Helen Lunn. Dance of the Dung Beetles: Their Role in Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 pp.


Infinitesimal Knowledges, Rodney Nillsen Jan 2021

Infinitesimal Knowledges, Rodney Nillsen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The notion of indivisibles and atoms arose in ancient Greece. The continuum—that is, the collection of points in a straight line segment, appeared to have paradoxical properties, arising from the ‘indivisibles’ that remain after a process of division has been carried out throughout the continuum. In the seventeenth century, Italian mathematicians were using new methods involving the notion of indivisibles, and the paradoxes of the continuum appeared in a new context. This cast doubt on the validity of the methods and the reliability of mathematical knowledge which had been regarded as established by the axiomatic method in geometry expounded ...


A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong Jan 2021

A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In recent years, machine learning-based cyber intrusion detection methods have gained increasing popularity. The number and complexity of new attacks continue to rise; therefore, effective and intelligent solutions are necessary. Unsupervised machine learning techniques are particularly appealing to intrusion detection systems since they can detect known and unknown types of attacks as well as zero-day attacks. In the current paper, we present an unsupervised anomaly detection method, which combines Sub-Space Clustering (SSC) and One Class Support Vector Machine (OCSVM) to detect attacks without any prior knowledge. The proposed approach is evaluated using the well-known NSL-KDD dataset. The experimental results demonstrate ...


Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin Jan 2021

Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The identification of protein-protein interaction (PPI) is one of the most important tasks to understand the biological functions and disease mechanisms. Although numerous databases of biological interactions have been published in debt to advanced high-throughput technology, the study of inter-species protein-protein interactions, especially between human and bacterium pathogens, remains an active yet challenging topic to harness computational models tackling the complex analysis and prediction tasks. In this paper, we comprehensively revisit the prediction task of human-bacterium protein-protein interactions (HB-PPI), which is a first ever endeavour to report an empirical evaluation in learning and predicting HB-PPI based on machine learning models ...


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro Jan 2021

A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro

Animal Studies Journal

This poem reflects upon the year 2020, the death of an animal-activist in Canada, and the murderous effects of COVID-19 on non-human animals


Multispecies Disposability: Taxonomies Of Power In A Global Pandemic, Darren Chang, Lauren Corman Jan 2021

Multispecies Disposability: Taxonomies Of Power In A Global Pandemic, Darren Chang, Lauren Corman

Animal Studies Journal

This paper bridges critical conversations regarding animal exploitation and racialized violence that have been occurring throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. We apply Claire Jean Kim’s analysis of taxonomies of power to help make sense of the interwoven multispecies catastrophes of racialized animalization and animalized racialization, such as the violence experienced by various species of nonhuman animals, as well as East Asians and other People of Colour in the West, whether in public spaces, in media, on farms, or inside industrial animal slaughterhouses or meatpacking plants. We conclude by arguing that Kim’s ethics of mutual avowal provides a productive way ...


The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon Jan 2021

The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon

Animal Studies Journal

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the violence faced by slaughterhouse workers and those they are charged with slaughtering. This article argues that COVID-19 has wrought an acceleration of the slow violence of state organized race crime (Nixon, Ward), in spreading rapidly through the slaughterhouse and to surrounding racialized communities. We show that zoonotic pandemics are the result of state organized race crime, and that abattoirs are locations of inseparable animal and racial violence. We then analyse how the law and state institutions have positioned slaughterhouse work as essential, contra workers’ claims and general knowledge that meat is an inessential ...


Returning To 'The Good Life'? Chickens And Chicken-Keeping During Covid-19 In Britain, Catherine Oliver Jan 2021

Returning To 'The Good Life'? Chickens And Chicken-Keeping During Covid-19 In Britain, Catherine Oliver

Animal Studies Journal

Through the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdowns, humans have been exposed to the threat that the exploitation and eating of animals poses to humanity and public health. It has also become obvious that animals want to and are willing to take up more space. In the relative absence of humans during lockdown, animal populations have spread out and some have entered cities and towns for the first time. At the same time, humans have chosen to bring animals into their domestic spaces in the form of companion animals in staggering numbers. The lockdown’s slowing of time has opened the possibility ...


Greedy Bat Eaters Versus Cruel Pig Killers: The Lose-Lose Battle Of Divisive Discourse, Angela Lee Jan 2021

Greedy Bat Eaters Versus Cruel Pig Killers: The Lose-Lose Battle Of Divisive Discourse, Angela Lee

Animal Studies Journal

Unsurprisingly, the circumstances and challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic have generated strong reactions. Among the more notable, Canadian musician and animal activist Bryan Adams made headlines when he went on a tirade on social media denouncing ‘fucking bat eating, wet market animal selling, virus making greedy bastards’ and advocating for veganism. This article uses this incident as a prism through which to examine the values and assumptions informing some of the central debates within the mainstream animal advocacy movement today. Certainly, there is an urgent need for a critical re-evaluation of the policies and practices that have created ...


The Covid Pandemic, ‘Pivotal’ Moments, And Persistent Anthropocentrism: Interrogating The (Il)Legitimacy Of Critical Animal Perspectives, Paula Arcari Jan 2021

The Covid Pandemic, ‘Pivotal’ Moments, And Persistent Anthropocentrism: Interrogating The (Il)Legitimacy Of Critical Animal Perspectives, Paula Arcari

Animal Studies Journal

Situated alongside, and intertwined with, climate change and the relentless destruction of ‘wild’ nature, the global Covid-19 pandemic should have instigated serious reflection on our profligate use and careless treatment of other animals. Widespread references to ‘pivotal moments’ and the need for a reset in human relations with ‘nature’ appeared promising. However, important questions surrounding the pandemic’s origins and its wider context continue to be ignored and, as a result, this moment has proved anything but pivotal for animals. To explore this disconnect, this paper undertakes an analysis of dominant Covid discourses across key knowledge sites comprising mainstream media ...


[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun Jan 2021

[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Penny Johnson. Companions in Conflict: Animals in Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019.


[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons Jan 2021

[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, xv + 181pp.


[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Dara M. Wald and Anna L. Peterson. Cats and Conservationists: The Debate over Who Owns the Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 pp.


[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait Jan 2021

[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals as Mediators in Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press, 2019. 328 pp.


[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman Jan 2021

[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life and the Birth of the Mind. New York: Farar, Straus and Giroux, 2020. 336 pp.


[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 pp.


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


Persona Non Grata, Philip Armstrong, Annie Potts Jan 2021

Persona Non Grata, Philip Armstrong, Annie Potts

Animal Studies Journal

This essay tells the story of the authors’ relationship with a rescued marsupial raised from a baby in Aotearoa New Zealand, in sections interspersed with an account of this species’ history in our country. This animal belongs to a species designated a noxious pest here, a population subject to an especially sustained, thorough, and popularly-supported campaign of vilification and destruction, even by the standards that apply in New Zealand, where the dominant environmental ideology is very intensely focussed on eradication of introduced species. So in deciding to take responsibility for this creature, the authors committed to keeping her both hidden ...


Nature In The Dark - Public Space For More-Than-Human Encounters, Jan Brueggemeier Jan 2021

Nature In The Dark - Public Space For More-Than-Human Encounters, Jan Brueggemeier

Animal Studies Journal

Drawing on the continuing work of the Nature in the Dark (NITD) project, an art collaboration and publicity campaign between the Centre for Creative Arts (La Trobe University) and the Victorian National Parks Association (VNPA), this paper aims to explore some of the disciplinary crossovers between art, science and philosophy as encountered by this project and to think about their implications for an environmental ethics more generally. Showcasing animal life from Victoria, Australia, the NITD video series I and II invited international artists to create video works inspired by ecological habitat surveys from the Victorian National Parks land and water ...