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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Indigenous Ancestral Assets: The Ecology Of Native Hawaiian Education Through Youth Perspectives, Claire Kēhaulani Ramirez May 2024

Indigenous Ancestral Assets: The Ecology Of Native Hawaiian Education Through Youth Perspectives, Claire Kēhaulani Ramirez

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

In K-12 education, student voice is not often considered when establishing curriculum, addressing school policy, or creating a climate that reflects culturally inclusive teaching practices. Across education systems serving Indigenous communities within the United States, the voices of youth as a form of contribution are silenced, which echoes further attempts towards the erasure of the existence of these communities. The context of the study highlighted various strengths through their traditions, languages, and cultural teachings. While Indigenous communities exist globally, this study centered on Indigenous communities from the North American continent, specifically those Native to the Hawaiian Islands. To learn about …


A Break From The Past Or A Link In The Chain?: The Republican Party From Ronald Reagan To Donald Trump, Mitchell Evans Apr 2024

A Break From The Past Or A Link In The Chain?: The Republican Party From Ronald Reagan To Donald Trump, Mitchell Evans

Political Science and International Relations Theses

The election of Donald Trump appeared to be a rejection of Republican orthodoxy. That someone who targeted the previous idols of Republican beliefs about free trade, protectionism, immigration, and welfare could have so completely won over the Republican voter base was notable. However, that Republican base had changed substantially since the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980. Where white college graduates have traditionally voted more Republican, and those without a college degree were more Democratic in this era, this dynamic had switched by 2016. In this thesis, I ask two questions: First, how has the Republican Party changed its ideological …


Effects Of Intergroup Communication On Intergroup Anxiety And Prejudice Through Single Sessions Of Peer Counseling In Online Settings., Romy Rw, Nick Joyce Jan 2024

Effects Of Intergroup Communication On Intergroup Anxiety And Prejudice Through Single Sessions Of Peer Counseling In Online Settings., Romy Rw, Nick Joyce

Communication Studies Faculty Works

Counseling represents a form of intergroup communication that could theoretically lead to less intergroup anxiety and prejudice but represents a form of intergroup contact that has not previously been studied. Two hundred and ninety-two undergraduate college students were recruited to participate in a single 30-minute peer counseling session with either a White, an Asian, or an African American counselor. Participants were randomly assigned to either in-group or out-group counselors. Results indicated that intergroup communication in counseling significantly reduced participants’ racial intergroup anxiety although the findings for prejudice were less uniform. This study not only extends research on intergroup contact theory …


Recommendations To Internal Auditors Regarding The Auditing And Attestation Of Mathematical Programming Models, Jose Rincón, Greg Akai, Daryl Ono Jan 2024

Recommendations To Internal Auditors Regarding The Auditing And Attestation Of Mathematical Programming Models, Jose Rincón, Greg Akai, Daryl Ono

LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations

Mathematical programming planning models increase operational efficiency and minimize operating costs, but the underlying mathematics generally is complex. Combinatorial optimization is technically sophisticated which requires a strong quantitative background to successfully implement. Most internal auditors will not have the technical training to critically assess the underlying mathematics of mathematical programming planning models, but the internal auditor can still provide insight and attestation which can increase the efficiency of mathematical programming planning models.


Jesuit B-Schools: Powering Regional Socio-Economic Development And Problem Solving Through Analysis & Application Of Best Global Practices, María Del Pino Ramos, Anatoly Zhuplev, Jose Rincón, María José Vazquez Jan 2024

Jesuit B-Schools: Powering Regional Socio-Economic Development And Problem Solving Through Analysis & Application Of Best Global Practices, María Del Pino Ramos, Anatoly Zhuplev, Jose Rincón, María José Vazquez

LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations

Our exploratory research and development (R&D) project is a joint undertaking by two Jesuit institutions, Loyola Marymount University (LMU), U.S.A., and Universidad Loyola Andalucía (ULA), Spain. We aim to leverage collaborative potential of Jesuit B-schools to facilitate regional socio-economic development (RSED) and growth through the analysis and application of best global practices. Many universities have rich intellectual potential and information resources that are often underutilized. Our undertaking strives to engage these resources to foster positive impacts on RSED and problem-solving. The project aligns with Jesuit educational values and aims to redirect the creative power of the young generation from dependency …


Learning From Subsistence Marketplaces And Beyond: A Cross-Sectoral Comparison In Benin, Paul Ingenbleek, Souleimane A. Adekambi, Hans C.M. Van Trijp Dec 2023

Learning From Subsistence Marketplaces And Beyond: A Cross-Sectoral Comparison In Benin, Paul Ingenbleek, Souleimane A. Adekambi, Hans C.M. Van Trijp

Subsistence Marketplaces

Subsistence Marketplaces publishes studies that study consumers, entrepreneurs, and marketplaces from a broad range of low income contexts in their own right, transcending the boundaries between sectors and disciplines to derive practically meaningful implications. This paper contributes to accomplishing the mission of the new journal by contextualizing market learning theory to subsistence marketplaces. More specifically, the study links two modes of market learning (exploration and exploitation) with producers’ livelihood performance. It hypothesizes that within subsistence marketplaces, producers benefit the most from exploration but to seize a market opportunity beyond the subsistence context, BoP producers should strengthen their exploitative learning processes. …


Breaking The Shackles Of Poverty: How Bridging Ties Enable Subsistence Entrepreneurs To Upgrade Their Businesses To A Prosperous Level, Asifa Ilyas, Ralf Wagner Dec 2023

Breaking The Shackles Of Poverty: How Bridging Ties Enable Subsistence Entrepreneurs To Upgrade Their Businesses To A Prosperous Level, Asifa Ilyas, Ralf Wagner

Subsistence Marketplaces

Subsistence entrepreneurs establish and run their business ventures under harsh economic and social conditions. These survival-driven businesses are impoverished and generate insufficient income for entrepreneurs and their families. Subsistence entrepreneurs can break this vicious poverty cycle by upscaling their ventures into more sustainable and profitable businesses. However, it is not clear what prevents these entrepreneurs from developing more prosperous and sustainable business ventures.

This study fills the gap by investigating the effect of bridging social ties on subsistence businesses' performance. Further, the study examines the impact of group identity, jealousy, gender, and power on subsistence entrepreneurs' efforts to build bridging …


Moral Salience And Conditional Altruism: Reconciling Jekyll And Hyde Paradoxes, James Konow Dec 2023

Moral Salience And Conditional Altruism: Reconciling Jekyll And Hyde Paradoxes, James Konow

Economics Faculty Works

Many recent studies have revealed an economically and socially important paradox: people sometimes behave morally in certain situations but then behave immorally (or less morally) under conditions that differ for reasons that seem morally irrelevant. These patterns are inconsistent with both theories of rational self-interest as well as with theories that incorporate stable social preferences. This paper introduces a parsimonious and tractable theory of moral salience and conditional altruism that is consistent with anomalies involving uncertainty, exit options, the ability to take from others, and the possibility to destroy or create earnings of others. The proposed framework is general enough …


Virtue Preferences: Jekyll And Hyde Paradoxes With Sanctions, James Konow Nov 2023

Virtue Preferences: Jekyll And Hyde Paradoxes With Sanctions, James Konow

Economics Faculty Works

Jekyll and Hyde paradoxes refer to the fact that people sometimes behave morally in certain situations but then behave immorally (or, at least, less morally) under conditions that differ for reasons that seem morally irrelevant. Observational and experimental studies confirm the economic and social importance of these phenomena, which are inconsistent both with rational self-interest as well as with theories that add stable moral preferences. This paper presents a theory that reconciles various of these phenomena, including the depressing effects on moral behavior of experimentally introducing options to take the earnings of others, to delegate decisions and to remain ignorant …


The Invincible Gender Gap In Political Ambition, Richard L. Fox, Jennifer L. Lawless Oct 2023

The Invincible Gender Gap In Political Ambition, Richard L. Fox, Jennifer L. Lawless

Political Science and International Relations Faculty Works

When we uncovered a large gender gap in political ambition in the early 2000s, our research highlighted how far the United States was from gender parity in politics. Given marked increases in women’s numeric representation throughout the past two decades, many might expect the gender gap in political ambition to have begun to close. Results from our new study of potential candidates, however, reveal that the magnitude of the gender gap is just as large 20 years later, and two primary explanations persist as well. We posit that even though candidate recruitment has propelled more women into electoral politics, patterns …


Supporting The “Virtuous Cycle” In Urban Ecosystems: How Research Can Inform Plans, Policies, And Projects That Impact Urban Resilience, Michele Romilini, Sophie S. Parker, Gregory B. Pauly, Eric M. Wood Aug 2023

Supporting The “Virtuous Cycle” In Urban Ecosystems: How Research Can Inform Plans, Policies, And Projects That Impact Urban Resilience, Michele Romilini, Sophie S. Parker, Gregory B. Pauly, Eric M. Wood

Center for Urban Resilience Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Session 3a: "Connecting With The Library (Under)Commons”: Building Community Through Class Solidarity As Anticolonial Praxis, Luz Badillo, Selina Portera, Lawrence Maminta Jul 2023

Session 3a: "Connecting With The Library (Under)Commons”: Building Community Through Class Solidarity As Anticolonial Praxis, Luz Badillo, Selina Portera, Lawrence Maminta

POC in LIS Summit

The Library and Information Science field is often critiqued for its overwhelming whiteness. In spite of overt racial diversification efforts by institutions and professional organizations, white supremacy remains a constant structuring force in many LIS workplaces, even in places where the leadership and administration is staffed by people who “look like us.” These conditions are a result of classism and typifies how recognition and representation has not made the field any more welcoming to racialized non-white people. It has become abundantly clear that the process of professionalization functions as a way of incorporating MLIS students into whiteness and the lack …


Session 3b: Findings From The Research And Program Development Phase Of The Bipoc Become Librarians Project, Hyokyung (Carrie) Hwang, Michele A. L. Villagran Jul 2023

Session 3b: Findings From The Research And Program Development Phase Of The Bipoc Become Librarians Project, Hyokyung (Carrie) Hwang, Michele A. L. Villagran

POC in LIS Summit

Responding to the ongoing lack of diversity in LIS, the BIPOC Become Librarians (BBL) project exposes more Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) students to Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) career paths by focusing on mentorships and internships, both of which have an impact on increasing diversity. Our project is funded by a Programming Planning Grant from the IMLS Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian initiative to focus on research, mentorship, and internship training. This program will help demystify the profession of librarianship to BIPOC undergraduates by providing guidance and hands-on learning. BBL will encourage students from diverse …


Lightning Talk: The Cruel Optimism In Becoming A Librarian, Nicole Murph Jul 2023

Lightning Talk: The Cruel Optimism In Becoming A Librarian, Nicole Murph

POC in LIS Summit

Librarianship tends to be presented from an optimistic view, and although some of that optimism is true, the reality of becoming a librarian can be a form of cruel optimism. Dylan Burns and Hailley Fargo (2019) used Lauren Berlant’s (2011) cruel optimism to explore the emotional experiences involved in the promise of becoming a librarian, yet it is “…out of reach for nearly a third of LIS graduates” (Burns & Fargo, 2019). Transitioning to librarianship is a big step especially for those experiencing a mid-career transition. The time, cost(s), and emotional energy involved include going back to school, gaining experience …


Lightning Talk: Resisting The Institutionalization Of Deia: Border Thinking And Academic Librarianship, Blanca Garcia-Barron Jul 2023

Lightning Talk: Resisting The Institutionalization Of Deia: Border Thinking And Academic Librarianship, Blanca Garcia-Barron

POC in LIS Summit

As BIPOC library workers, we often have a complicated relationship to DEIA work within our respective institutions. Some of us embrace it. Some of us reject it, and others remain cautious but continue to contribute to it. Whatever our relationship is to DEIA, all our perspectives and experiences are valid. Border Thinking as a concept, formed by Gloria Anzaldua and later adopted and developed further by decolonial scholars like Walter Mignolo, highlights the knowledge produced outside of colonial systems. Border Thinking not only legitimizes this knowledge, but lived experience, as well. This lightning talk explores the framework of Border Thinking …


Lightning Talk: Historic Chronology Of Black Library Education, Katie Perry, Selena Lee Jul 2023

Lightning Talk: Historic Chronology Of Black Library Education, Katie Perry, Selena Lee

POC in LIS Summit

Historic Chronology of Black Library Education: What Can We Learn About Retention and Recruitment Librarianship has historically struggled with a lack of racial and ethnic diversity. Although Black Americans make up about 13.6% of the population, only 4% of LIS students identify as Black. While there have been ongoing efforts to diversify the profession, Black Librarianship is in a state of regression. Our goal in this study is to address the question of how the history of Black LIS education could inform or impact the present. In understanding the development and early models of professional education for Black Librarians, as …


Lightning Talk: The Application Of Indigenous Knowledge And Theory To Decolonize A Non-Native Cultural Museum Collections, Maile Chung Jul 2023

Lightning Talk: The Application Of Indigenous Knowledge And Theory To Decolonize A Non-Native Cultural Museum Collections, Maile Chung

POC in LIS Summit

Through a year-long research grant with the National Museum of Korea, I worked with the Burke Museum of Natural History & Culture in Seattle to decolonize its Korea Collections utilizing Indigenous Knowledge and Theory. The goal was to shift the previously White-curated collections to a Korean community centered collections that has better representation of our heritage. I created an accessible step-by-step guide that students and community members can use to perform similar assessments on their own community collections, providing an opportunity to break down the barriers and fears that BIPOC people face when wanting to work with a collections that …


Session 2b: Racelighting: Understanding Experiences With Questioning Our Own Realities, Terezita Overduin Jul 2023

Session 2b: Racelighting: Understanding Experiences With Questioning Our Own Realities, Terezita Overduin

POC in LIS Summit

My first two years as a BIPOC community college librarian were fraught with confusing interpersonal and organizational interactions. I had trouble navigating the work environment, the organizational structure, and the closed-door approach to library work. I felt that I wasn’t understanding something, that I was doing something wrong, and that my work wasn’t valuable. However, after finding a community with other faculty and staff, I came to understand that this was a pervasive problem within the library department and even the institution as a whole. I also discovered that the confusion and doubt I experienced as a product of institutional …


Session 2c: "My Skinfolks But Not My Kinfolks": Searching For Kinship In Libraryland, Ayanna Gaines Jul 2023

Session 2c: "My Skinfolks But Not My Kinfolks": Searching For Kinship In Libraryland, Ayanna Gaines

POC in LIS Summit

Since 2021, I have been working on a book chapter for a co-edited book entitled "Women of Color Practicing Sisterhood: Reflections from Community Intersections." My work on this chapter has inspired me to remember and reflect on my past as a young Black girl in Denver, and how that has affected me as a professional Black woman in Southern California. As a woman of color in academic libraries, I have worked with precious few people of color. In addition, since moving to California in 2006, I have had no opportunity to live in a diverse environment due to family commitments. …


Session 2b: Reversing White Yearning: A Brown And Queer Filipinx Librarian’S Exorcism Of Colonialism And Veneration Of Indigenous Ancestry (A Work In Progress), Joseph Kevin Sebastian Jul 2023

Session 2b: Reversing White Yearning: A Brown And Queer Filipinx Librarian’S Exorcism Of Colonialism And Veneration Of Indigenous Ancestry (A Work In Progress), Joseph Kevin Sebastian

POC in LIS Summit

This session outlines my progress in an autotheoretical project exploring the tensions between my intersectional identities as a queer, immigrant, and brown citizen, and their connections with my experiences navigating the institutional whiteness of librarianship. As part of the Philippine diaspora, I've struggled with the legacies of Spanish and American colonialism manifesting in a psychic "self-sabotaging pathology" induced by "epistemic violence. . . wrought on a people’s psyche when their sense of themselves and their world is exploded through denigration, demonisation, delegitimation or simply, disallowance" (Mendoza 2017). By recounting my journey to becoming a librarian, I draw parallels between the …


Predictors Of Sexual Victimization Among Autistic And Non-Autistic College Students, Natalie Libster, Connie Kasari, Alexandra Sturm Jul 2023

Predictors Of Sexual Victimization Among Autistic And Non-Autistic College Students, Natalie Libster, Connie Kasari, Alexandra Sturm

Psychological Science Faculty Works

Purpose. This study examined predictors of sexual victimization among autistic and non-autistic college students. Specifically, we aimed to determine whether autistic students are more likely than non-autistic students to experience unwanted sexual contact and sexual assault, controlling for co-occurring diagnoses. We also aimed to determine whether students with other disabilities, specifically ADHD, learning disability (LD), and psychological disorders, are more likely than students without these disabilities to experience unwanted sexual contact and sexual assault. Methods. Autistic students (n=270) and non-autistic students (n=270) who had participated in a nationwide survey were matched on demographic characteristics and co-occurring diagnoses. Logistic regression analyses …


High Self-Esteem And Growth Belief Contribute To Resilience Following Positive And Negative Relationship Events, Maxine Boyd, Maire Ford May 2023

High Self-Esteem And Growth Belief Contribute To Resilience Following Positive And Negative Relationship Events, Maxine Boyd, Maire Ford

Honors Thesis

Individuals differ in how they interpret and respond to romantic relationship events. Some individuals engage in responses that promote personal and relationship well-being, while others engage in maladaptive responses. It is important to identify factors that shape responses to relationship events. The current study investigated self-esteem and implicit theories of relationships as predictors of resilient and adaptive responses to negative and positive romantic relationship events. Self-esteem plays a role in shaping these responses, with low self-esteem individuals perceiving more threat from negative relationship events leading to more harmful responses and those with high self-esteem responding more resiliently and adaptively to …


Comparing Hierarchical Data Structures And Hierarchical Data Analysis, Halley Jeanne Dante, Robert Rovetti May 2023

Comparing Hierarchical Data Structures And Hierarchical Data Analysis, Halley Jeanne Dante, Robert Rovetti

Honors Thesis

Real world data is inherently noisy and data analysis can be especially complex when noise is compounded in hierarchical and multilevel data structures. Since such data structures can be described using multiple approaches, the way data is collapsed and grouped within these structures can influence its resulting interpretation and analyses. To avoid discrepancies in data collapsing and grouping, multiple statistical approaches have been developed specifically to analyze multilevel data structures. Examples of multilevel statistical models are the two-factor ANOVA and the general linear model with repeated-measures (GLM-RR) which is typically used in the context of looking at change over time. …


Examining Asian Americans' Perceived Barriers To Healthcare Access, Kathleen Nguyen, Jennifer Ramos May 2023

Examining Asian Americans' Perceived Barriers To Healthcare Access, Kathleen Nguyen, Jennifer Ramos

Honors Thesis

This research aimed to examine Asian Americans and their perceived barriers to healthcare access. Asian Americans, due to not being a homogenous ethnic group, experience health disparities that are different to those that other ethnic groups experience. Compared to whites in America, Asian Americans are less likely to have job-based insurance coverage and because of this are then less likely to be insured (Brown et al., 2000). Additionally, the most common perceived barriers to accessing healthcare for Asian Americans are cultural attitudes, financial and socioeconomic status, as well as language barriers. These barriers found in the literature served as the …


Examining The Effects Of Religion-Based Meditation On Stress Levels In Palestinian Muslims, Dana Elqaq May 2023

Examining The Effects Of Religion-Based Meditation On Stress Levels In Palestinian Muslims, Dana Elqaq

Honors Thesis

Given the intractable conflict in Palestine, those living in the area are exposed to constant stress and trauma. A wealth of prior research findings clearly reveals that stress, with an emphasis on traumatic stress, leads to decrements in mental and physical well-being. Thus, it is important to consider implementing interventions that might help people in this area cope with stress. Researchers have advocated for the use of meditation to lower stress and anxiety levels. In the current investigation, I will present findings from a study that I conducted in Palestine, looking at the impact of mindfulness meditation on effective coping …


Affordable Housing Policies In The Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area, Olivia Personeni May 2023

Affordable Housing Policies In The Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area, Olivia Personeni

Honors Thesis

Affordable housing for many is a right; for others, it is an unjustified public expense. Each country, state, and city have their own policies with merits and demerits. The provision of affordable housing can offer numerous benefits, including improved access to safe housing, reduced homelessness and housing insecurity, and economic and social well-being. However, there are also significant challenges associated with affordable housing policies, including financial sustainability, inadequate supply, segregation, and the concentration of poverty. This thesis investigates the affordable housing policies in the metropolitan area of Washington D.C. It discusses their effectiveness, inclusiveness, and sustainability, and how these policies …


Examining And Developing Environmental Stewardship Funding Networks In Los Angeles: A Research Proposal, Lily Maddox, Michele Romolini May 2023

Examining And Developing Environmental Stewardship Funding Networks In Los Angeles: A Research Proposal, Lily Maddox, Michele Romolini

Honors Thesis

Similar to other types of non-profit funding, environmental grants have a continuing history of being inaccessible to the groups that could benefit from them the most. While many environmental stewardship organizations are in need of funding for community projects, Los Angeles lacks a clear network of environmental funders that is accessible to all potential actors. This project is a proposal to study existing environmental funder coalitions as well as philanthropic trends in Los Angeles. The findings from this research will ultimately be used to compile a database of environmental grant sources in Los Angeles detailing both funders and their grant …


Antisemitic Rhetoric From Influential Individuals On Social Media During The Recent Rise Of Jewish Hate In The United States Of America, Jimmy Warshawsky, Jason Jarvis Ph.D. May 2023

Antisemitic Rhetoric From Influential Individuals On Social Media During The Recent Rise Of Jewish Hate In The United States Of America, Jimmy Warshawsky, Jason Jarvis Ph.D.

Honors Thesis

Experts have said that in recent months, we have been living through the highest point in American antisemitism we've ever had. Much of this is because of certain very influential people like Donald Trump and Kanye West who have been spreading antisemitic tropes and conspiracies on the internet. In this paper, I will first discuss the history of antisemitism in America to give important and relevant context to my study. I will then explain the recent rise in antisemitism and address viewpoints from various experts and contributors on what, why, and how this is happening. I’ll go over each of …


Destruction Or Disruption: Political Violence Inconsistencies In Liberation Movements, Julia Lemmon May 2023

Destruction Or Disruption: Political Violence Inconsistencies In Liberation Movements, Julia Lemmon

Honors Thesis

Political violence is seldom viewed as an appropriate means to achieving a goal. Despite extensive studies produced on the reasons for using political violence, the scholarly world fails to consider comparing why some groups choose violence while their counterparts do not. Why is violence such an attractive method to some organized political groups, but not to others? Drawing on case studies of liberation movements, I attempt to understand what impacts the outcome of political violence during these movements. This study cross examines the Algerian Independence War with India’s nonviolent independence movement and the nonviolent independence movement of East Timor with …


Lapd Suffers Hiring Shortage Following A Shift In How Angelinos View Police, Nicole Norman May 2023

Lapd Suffers Hiring Shortage Following A Shift In How Angelinos View Police, Nicole Norman

Honors Thesis

This is a news article written about how the nationwide police shortage following the murder of George Floyd has affected the City of Los Angeles. According to a poll done by Suffolk University and the LA Times, about one third of Angelinos believe that the police are performing poorly. However, those who are younger than 35 are more than twice likely to believe that police are performing poorly. Through this article, I will explore the changes that the LAPD is making in order to keep up with a changing social climate and an upcoming workforce that is not interested in …