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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun Jan 2021

[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Penny Johnson. Companions in Conflict: Animals in Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019.


[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Dara M. Wald and Anna L. Peterson. Cats and Conservationists: The Debate over Who Owns the Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 pp.


[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 pp.


[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons Jan 2021

[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, xv + 181pp.


[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait Jan 2021

[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals as Mediators in Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press, 2019. 328 pp.


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon Jan 2021

The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon

Animal Studies Journal

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the violence faced by slaughterhouse workers and those they are charged with slaughtering. This article argues that COVID-19 has wrought an acceleration of the slow violence of state organized race crime (Nixon, Ward), in spreading rapidly through the slaughterhouse and to surrounding racialized communities. We show that zoonotic pandemics are the result of state organized race crime, and that abattoirs are locations of inseparable animal and racial violence. We then analyse how the law and state institutions have positioned slaughterhouse work as essential, contra workers’ claims and general knowledge that meat is an inessential ...


Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Covid-19 and Capital: Labour Studies and Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue.


Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives on Covid-19


A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro Jan 2021

A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro

Animal Studies Journal

This poem reflects upon the year 2020, the death of an animal-activist in Canada, and the murderous effects of COVID-19 on non-human animals


[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman Jan 2021

[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life and the Birth of the Mind. New York: Farar, Straus and Giroux, 2020. 336 pp.


Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait Dec 2020

Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

This article outlines how nonhuman animals are framed by the emotions of drama, theatre and contemporary performance and considers a distinctive tradition in western culture of enacting animal characters who function as surrogate humans. It argues that, contradictorily, while animal characters confirm anthropocentric emotionalism, drama also contains pro-animal values and concern for animal welfare. Animals embodying emotions in theatrical languages are part of the way animals are used in the traditions of western culture and to think and philosophize with, but they also indicate thinking about the emotions in theatrical performance. The article considers if, however, staging living animals can ...


Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

It's not easy to change career paths, but it is something that teachers often consider after working in one field for many years. This can mean a return to study, but as Adult Education experts have noted, older learners usually face some specific barriers in returning to school that younger learners do not, and sometimes these barriers prevent them from trying. And if you are a mother, like I am, even going to a conference can be difficult. This is my story of the challenges I faced in returning to study, and of the people who helped me to ...


Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho Jan 2020

Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Suicide is a major public health problem globally. Data on the factors influencing suicidal behaviours that can inform prevention policies are limited in Bhutan. This study used the dataset of the nationally-representative Bhutan STEPS Survey conducted in 2014 that assessed the non-communicable disease risk factors. Using a backward elimination approach, multiple logistic regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adults separately. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 3.1% and 0.7%, respectively. We found female gender, being unemployed, low and middle ...


Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase Jan 2020

Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In 2017 the Office of Widening Participation conducted a program- wide analysis of the Social Return On Investment (SROI) to evaluate the impact of four Widening Participation programs at Western Sydney University (WSU). The programs evaluated were Fast Forward, Strive Towards Educational Participation and Success (STEPS), First Foot Forward, and Pasifika Achievement To Higher Education (PATHE). The overlapping aim amongst the four programs is to increase higher education participation rates, particularly for students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds. The SROI framework provided a holistic analysis by intertwining qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis showed that each program-albeit with differences-produced a ...


Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2020

"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Inquiry into learning to teach pronunciation is a growing area within the second language teacher education research paradigm. To what extent this learning process extends into instructors' early years of teaching pronunciation has yet to be explored. This article is a response to this need by exploring the 3.5-year trajectory of five teachers learning to teach English pronunciation. The study was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, pre- and post-course questionnaires, weekly observations of the lectures, focus groups interviews, final post-course interviews, and the participants' final assessment task were triangulated to examine the development of participants' cognitions during ...


International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett Jan 2020

International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology In 1999, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) published "IFCN Guidelines for topographic and frequency analysis of EEGs and EPs" (Nuwer et al., 1999). Here a Workgroup of IFCN experts presents unanimous recommendations on the following procedures relevant for the topographic and frequency analysis of resting state EEGs (rsEEGs) in clinical research defined as neurophysiological experimental studies carried out in neurological and psychiatric patients: (1) recording of rsEEGs (environmental conditions and instructions to participants; montage of the EEG electrodes; recording settings); (2) digital storage of rsEEG and control data; (3) computerized visualization of ...


A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2020

A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This study aimed to systematically review the current body of research on parent and caregiver mental health literacy. Electronic databases were searched in January 2018 with 21 studies meeting inclusion criteria. A narrative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative studies was conducted. Findings across studies suggest that parents and caregivers had limited mental health knowledge. Factors associated with help-seeking included cultural and religious beliefs, financial and knowledge barriers, fear and mistrust of treatment services, and stigma. Notable limitations include non-representative samples, cross-sectional research designs, and use of inconsistent and non-validated study ...


Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde Jan 2020

Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Eating disorders are among the most prevalent disorders in adolescence and can have negative consequences including poor quality of life, medical complications, and even death. This study addresses whether normal variations in personality relate to eating behavior and eating disorder symptomatology in adolescent girls. Participants were a near-representative sample of Australian adolescent girls (n = 1,676). Three personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness) were assessed at age 12 and again at age 14, and self-reported eating and weight management behaviors were assessed at age 14. After controlling for sociodemographic ...


A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman Jan 2020

A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australia is in the midst of a bushfire crisis that will affect local communities for years, if not permanently, due to a national crisis of underinsurance. Already more than 1,500 homes have been destroyed - with months still to go in the bushfire season. Compare this to 2009, when Victoria's "Black Saturday" fires claimed more than 2,000 homes in February, or 1983, when the "Ash Wednesday" fires destroyed about 2,400 homes in Victoria and South Australia, also in February. The 2020 fire season could end up surpassing these tragedies, despite the lessons learned and improvements in preparedness ...


Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

How do you support people forever attached to a landscape after an inferno tears through their homelands: decimating native food sources, burning through ancient scarred trees and destroying ancestral and totemic plants and animals? The fact is, the experience of Aboriginal peoples in the fire crisis engulfing much of Australia is vastly different to non-Indigenous peoples. Colonial legacies of eradication, dispossession, assimilation and racism continue to impact the lived realities of Aboriginal peoples. Added to this is the widespread exclusion of our peoples from accessing and managing traditional homelands. These factors compound the trauma of these unprecedented fires. As Australia ...


Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful Jan 2020

Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Building on current theoretical understandings of how children learn to spell, this paper reports the design and validation of a new pseudo-word dictation test (labelled the Components of Spelling Test: Pseudo-word version) to measure three spelling components underpinning Standard English: phonology, orthography and morphology. For the first phase of the study, the instrument was tested on a calibration sample of 381 students from Grades 3 to 6, aged between 8 and 12 years. Two versions of the test were recursively developed for Grades 3 and 4 (Pseudo-word-G-3-4) and Grades 5 and 6 (Pseudo-word-G-5-6). In the second phase of the study ...


Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud Jan 2020

Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Academic failure is an important and personal event in the lives of university students, and the ways they make sense of experiences of failure matters for their persistence and future success. Academic failure contributes to attrition, yet the extent of this contribution and precipitating factors of failure are not well understood. To illuminate this world-wide problem, we analysed institutional data at a large, comprehensive Australian university and surveyed 186 undergraduate students who had failed at least one unit of study in 2016, but were still enrolled in 2017. Academic failure increased the likelihood of course attrition by 4.2 times ...


Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years were recently developed. To maximize the uptake of the guidelines, perceptions of key stakeholders were sought. Methods: Thirty-five stakeholders (11% Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent) participated in focus groups or key informant interviews. Stakeholders included parents of children aged 0-5 years, early childhood educators, and health and policy professionals, recruited using convenience and snowballing techniques. Focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed inductively using thematic analysis. Results: There was general acceptance of the Movement Guidelines. The stakeholders suggested that the Guidelines were highly aspirational and ...


'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) tends to decline during late childhood and adolescence. In Australia, this decline has been shown to occur particularly in non-organized PA (e.g. active play and informal sport). Using a social marketing approach, segments of youth may be identified and targeted based on their profile of alternative activities that compete with non-organized PA during the transition to adolescence. The objectives of this study were to identify and describe segments of youth whose participation in non-organized PA declined between 11 and 13 years, based on changes in other potential competing activities during this period. METHODS: Data were ...


'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers Jan 2020

'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Participation in adequate levels of physical activity during the early years is important for health and development. We report the 6-month effects of an 18-month multicomponent intervention on physical activity in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in low-income communities. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 43 ECEC settings in disadvantaged areas of New South Wales, Australia. Three-year-old children were recruited and assessed in the first half of 2015 with follow-up 6 months later. The intervention was guided by Social Cognitive Theory and included five components. The primary outcome was minutes per hour in total ...


Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: The impact of declining physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents globally prompted the development of national and international physical activity guidelines. This research aims to systematically identify and compare national and international physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents and appraise the quality of the guidelines to promote best practice in guideline development. Methods: This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) and reported using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Only national, or international physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour guidelines were included ...


Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu Jan 2020

Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

While the early years are often regarded as a critical period for establishing and supporting the developmental trajectories of delayed and typically developing children, they also represent a critical time for advanced learners. Yet to support advanced learners, a better understanding of sources and mechanisms of precocious early learning is needed. While there is ample research separately indicating importance of executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation for learning more broadly, it remains unclear whether, which, and to what extent EFs and/or self-regulation might account for the incidence of advanced learning in the prior-to-school years. The current study sought to investigate ...


Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat Jan 2020

Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Preliminary evaluations of behavioral interventions, referred to as pilot studies, predate the conduct of many large-scale efficacy/effectiveness trial. The ability of a pilot study to inform an efficacy/effectiveness trial relies on careful considerations in the design, delivery, and interpretation of the pilot results to avoid exaggerated early discoveries that may lead to subsequent failed efficacy/effectiveness trials. "Risk of generalizability biases (RGB)" in pilot studies may reduce the probability of replicating results in a larger efficacy/effectiveness trial. We aimed to generate an operational list of potential RGBs and to evaluate their impact in pairs of published ...