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Archaeological Anthropology

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin Jun 2022

Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin

UMSL Datasets

These data are from observations on antemortem tooth loss and the presence of carious lesions from the site of Deir el-Medina, Egypt. The data were collected by Anne Austin and Mélie Louys as part of the mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at the site during the 2012-14 and 2019-20 field seasons. These data were derived from human remains found in Theban Tombs 6, 217, 290, and 298. They are estimated to date from 1550-945 BCE. These data include macroscopic observations from 32 mandibles and 44 maxillae consisting of 485 observable teeth and 1,052 observable tooth sockets ...


Ancient Cities: Teaching And Learning In The Digital Age, Stefan Feuser, Francis Brouns, Michael Blömer, Alain Duplouy, Simon Malmberg, Stephanie Merten, Christina Videbech, Alessia Zambon, Mantha Zarmakoupi May 2022

Ancient Cities: Teaching And Learning In The Digital Age, Stefan Feuser, Francis Brouns, Michael Blömer, Alain Duplouy, Simon Malmberg, Stephanie Merten, Christina Videbech, Alessia Zambon, Mantha Zarmakoupi

Journal of Archaeology and Education

In this paper we present an overview of the Ancient Cities project’s outcomes and experiences with producing and testing digital educational material in the field of archaeology. In the first part, the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Discovering Greek & Roman Cities is introduced with respect to its target audiences and learning objectives, the ways in which it was disseminated to the target audiences, and how its structure and learning material were developed. Based on several questionnaires answered by the participants and user data from the MOOC platform itself, we were able to collect comprehensive information on the demography of ...


Lawrence Kaplan (14 April 1926-6 March 1918), Emily Kaplan May 2022

Lawrence Kaplan (14 April 1926-6 March 1918), Emily Kaplan

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of archaeobotanist Lawrence Kaplan, a specialist in domesticated beans.


Alana Cordy-Collins (5 June 1944-16 August 2015), Christopher B. Donnan, Rose Tyson May 2022

Alana Cordy-Collins (5 June 1944-16 August 2015), Christopher B. Donnan, Rose Tyson

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of Andean archaeology Alana Cordy-Collins.


The Lost Emerald Mines Of Ecuador: Contrasting Patterns Of Emerald Use In Native South America, Warwick Bray May 2022

The Lost Emerald Mines Of Ecuador: Contrasting Patterns Of Emerald Use In Native South America, Warwick Bray

Andean Past

The author presents evidence for a now-lost Pre-Columbian emerald source within the territory of present day Ecuador.


The Monoliths Of Chumbivilcas, Cusco: A New Focus On Pukara Culture, Rainer Hostnig, Francois Cuynet May 2022

The Monoliths Of Chumbivilcas, Cusco: A New Focus On Pukara Culture, Rainer Hostnig, Francois Cuynet

Andean Past

Carved monoliths pertaining to the Pukara culture of the Lake Titicaca region are described, illustrated, and analyzed.


The Settlement History Of The Lucre Basin (Cusco, Peru), Brian S. Bauer, Miriam Araoz Silva, Thomas John Hardy May 2022

The Settlement History Of The Lucre Basin (Cusco, Peru), Brian S. Bauer, Miriam Araoz Silva, Thomas John Hardy

Andean Past

This article reports the results of archaeological survey from Oropesa to Andahuayllilas, Peru.


Incas And Arawaks: A Special Relationship Along The Andes-Amazonian Frontier, Darryl Wilkinson May 2022

Incas And Arawaks: A Special Relationship Along The Andes-Amazonian Frontier, Darryl Wilkinson

Andean Past

In this article the author argues that the Incas and the Arawaks had a relationship that was more complementary than antagonistic.


The Dynamics Of The Raya-Raya Farming Site In The Occupational History Of One Sector Of The Quebrada De Humahuaca (Jujuy, Argentina), Augustina Scaro May 2022

The Dynamics Of The Raya-Raya Farming Site In The Occupational History Of One Sector Of The Quebrada De Humahuaca (Jujuy, Argentina), Augustina Scaro

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Joan M. Gero (26 May 1944-14 July 2016), Jack Rossen May 2022

Joan M. Gero (26 May 1944-14 July 2016), Jack Rossen

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of feminist archaeologist Joan Gero.


Death Notices-Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, & Bernard While Bell Jr., Catherine J. Allen, Monica Barnes, Davide Domenici, Frances M. Hayashida, Vincent R. Lee, Carla Minelli, Carolina Orsini, Izumi Shimada, Ann Pollard Rowe, Sofia Venturoli May 2022

Death Notices-Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, & Bernard While Bell Jr., Catherine J. Allen, Monica Barnes, Davide Domenici, Frances M. Hayashida, Vincent R. Lee, Carla Minelli, Carolina Orsini, Izumi Shimada, Ann Pollard Rowe, Sofia Venturoli

Andean Past

This consists of short biographies of deceased scholars Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, and Bernard White Bell Jr.


By Stones And By Knots: The Counting And Recording Of Chili Peppers Stored During The Inca Occupation Of The Guarco Administrative Center Of Huacones-Vilcahuasi, Lower Canete Valley, Peru, Sergio Barraza Lescano, Rodrigo Areche Espinola, Giancarlo Marcone Flores May 2022

By Stones And By Knots: The Counting And Recording Of Chili Peppers Stored During The Inca Occupation Of The Guarco Administrative Center Of Huacones-Vilcahuasi, Lower Canete Valley, Peru, Sergio Barraza Lescano, Rodrigo Areche Espinola, Giancarlo Marcone Flores

Andean Past

This article discusses the Inca accounting system as exemplified at the site of Huacones-Vilcahuasi in Peru's Canete Valley.


The Ayllus Of The Chanka Heartland: An Interdisciplinary Assessment, Lucas C. Kellett May 2022

The Ayllus Of The Chanka Heartland: An Interdisciplinary Assessment, Lucas C. Kellett

Andean Past

This article discusses Chanka kinship and social organization in the light of settlement pattern studies, bioarchaeology, and the need for defense.


Research Reports, Andean Past 13, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Linda S. Cummings, Victor F. Vasquez S., Teresa Rosales Tham, Kylie E. Quave, Christopher Heaney, Alicia Hoffman, Reed Peck-Kris, Victor Ponte May 2022

Research Reports, Andean Past 13, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Linda S. Cummings, Victor F. Vasquez S., Teresa Rosales Tham, Kylie E. Quave, Christopher Heaney, Alicia Hoffman, Reed Peck-Kris, Victor Ponte

Andean Past

This section of Andean Past consists of short reports on macrofloral remains from the Peruvian Early Horizon site of Cayan, on vertebrate remains from Cayan, on a Ychsma or Inca mortuary bundle, and on figurines from the Mareniyoc site in the Callejon de Huaylas.


Landscape, Settlement, And Community: The Natural, Human, And Sacred Geography Of Classic Maya Civilization In West-Central Guatemala, Marc A. Wolf May 2022

Landscape, Settlement, And Community: The Natural, Human, And Sacred Geography Of Classic Maya Civilization In West-Central Guatemala, Marc A. Wolf

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation explores the fluid and commonly multi-compositional aspects of Maya settlement patterns, which reflect concepts of space within Maya worldviews. Research will be focused on the predominantly Classic (ca. AD 650-810) era archaeological site of Cancuen and its neighbors in the Verapaz department of Guatemala. These settlements provide a complex arena where questions of identity, spirituality, and ethnic affiliations can be addressed within a spatial context. The continuing detailed settlement and environmental survey mapping within the Cancuen region is the primary source of evidence from which a more thorough appreciation of emic Maya spatial considerations will be investigated.

The ...


Cultivation Through Excavation: Performing Community And Partnership In The Historic First Baptist Church Project, Eleanor S. Renshaw May 2022

Cultivation Through Excavation: Performing Community And Partnership In The Historic First Baptist Church Project, Eleanor S. Renshaw

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the relationships and partnerships developing around the First Baptist Church -- Nassau Street Archaeology Project in Colonial Williamsburg. Exploring the defining of "descendant community" and the contributions of tourists through the lens of Erving Goffman's stages and participant frameworks, this project looks at the past, present, and future of this project.


Life After Steel: How Covid-19 Shed Light On Canton Township's Industrial Past, Daniel D. Dillon Apr 2022

Life After Steel: How Covid-19 Shed Light On Canton Township's Industrial Past, Daniel D. Dillon

Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

Undeniably, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the ways in which life carries on, whether this manifests in the forms of altering how people interact or how individuals work to further career goals. In the field of archaeology, attending an accredited field school takes central importance to developing much-needed skills; however, the virus made such opportunities nonexistent. Seeking a remedy for this rapidly-changing situation, I decided to make the decision to run a “field school” in my parents’ backyard. What was uncovered went beyond the nearly 300 recovered artifacts, extending into the largely unexplored history of Canton Township, Washington, Pennsylvania. Just ...


A Fusion Of Microscopy Technique In Human Coprolite Analysis: The Dyck Cliff Dwelling And The Arid West Cave, William Darwin Hertzel Apr 2022

A Fusion Of Microscopy Technique In Human Coprolite Analysis: The Dyck Cliff Dwelling And The Arid West Cave, William Darwin Hertzel

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

In the two papers that comprise this thesis, I will discuss the dietary complexes of two separate Southwestern archaeological sites excavated in the 20th century through the medium of coprolite analysis. The fusion of microscopy techniques in this project expands the capability of observation and identification of microremains and their use in reconstructing the dietary habits of past peoples. I intend to highlight the value of integrating three separate methods of microscopy for the identification of diet and any practices for using that information to narrow down a coprologically unstudied site location for samples of lost provenience. Additionally, this project ...


Insular Interconnectivity In The Viking Age: A Geospatial View From Norse Jarlshof, Trent Michael Carney Apr 2022

Insular Interconnectivity In The Viking Age: A Geospatial View From Norse Jarlshof, Trent Michael Carney

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

During the Viking Age, settlements and trading centers were often located near lakes, seas, waterways, and sailing routes. As such, access to other locations was facilitated, whether for the purpose of settlement, trade, resource acquisition, or conflict, by some form of seafaring vessel or watercraft. Over the course of the Scandinavian Diaspora, a level of cultural and economic interconnectedness was maintained between mainland Scandinavia and the settlements in the North Atlantic region. This shared link with Scandinavia contributed to the development of local connections between insular and coastal sites within the broader diasporic network. This thesis considers the archaeological evidence ...


The Maine Archaeology Cultural Heritage Guide, Colleen Metcalf Apr 2022

The Maine Archaeology Cultural Heritage Guide, Colleen Metcalf

Thinking Matters Symposium

Public outreach is an important aspect of modern archaeology, it can help shape how people understand their past, and help them navigate their place in today’s world. As an archaeology-based public outreach effort, the Maine archaeology cultural heritage guide compiles information about one hundred selected archaeological sites across the state of Maine. The selected sites represent the unique history of Maine and have both historical and cultural significance. Information collected about each site includes: name, location, NRHP status, geo-coordinates, watershed, time period, native tribal affiliation, historical significance, curation, and excavators. The organization of information about these sites into a ...


Interpreting Settler Infrastructure In Stevens County, Minnesota: Gager's Station And The Post Dakota-Us War Of 1862 Frontier, Mitchell Kane Hancock Apr 2022

Interpreting Settler Infrastructure In Stevens County, Minnesota: Gager's Station And The Post Dakota-Us War Of 1862 Frontier, Mitchell Kane Hancock

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2022

Gager's Station is a little known, but formative settler infrastructure project from the 1860s in west-central Minnesota. Gager's Station was situated along both an important military supply route, and lands of significant importance to the Indigenous people of the area. Gager's Station bears several similarities to the scout camps and civilian defense forts in the broader Fort Wadsworth network that provided civilian defense to new homesteaders following the Dakota-US War of 1862. Fort Wadsworth served as another goal post in western expansion of the United States. Further, the networks of forts that supported it appeased the anxious ...


Who Were Mississippian Period Artists And What Was In Their Toolkit?, Riley James Apr 2022

Who Were Mississippian Period Artists And What Was In Their Toolkit?, Riley James

Symposium of Student Scholars

The Mississippian Period lasted from approximately 1000 to 1550 CE and occurred in the regions of the North American Southeast and Midwest. Society followed a strong system of hierarchy with major settlements with mounds and palisades exerting political control over smaller towns and villages. In Georgia, the most notable Mississippian period site and settlement is Etowah, which belonged to the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex (SECC). The SECC was an exchange network of culture and spirituality that dominated most of the Mississippian period and is largely defined by its iconography and artifact trends. It is the general consensus that most Mississippian period ...


Comparison Of Middle Woodland Settlement Models In Georgia And Ohio, Bryan A. Moss* Apr 2022

Comparison Of Middle Woodland Settlement Models In Georgia And Ohio, Bryan A. Moss*

Symposium of Student Scholars

During the Middle Woodland period (200 BC – AD 400), there was an increase of cultural complexity and the rise of a mortuary cult throughout much of eastern North America. This cult included a wide interaction network called the Hopewellian Interaction Sphere, which dates to the Middle Woodland period in the Mid-West. This interaction, which reached into the Southeast, involved the exchange of information between groups in both regions. This project uses spatial analysis through Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to identify patterns in site layout and organization by comparing settlements in both regions. The focus of testing will be between the ...


Analyzing Perspectives On Archaeological Curation: A Case Study From The Civil War Site Of Pickett’S Mill, Isabella Rosinko Apr 2022

Analyzing Perspectives On Archaeological Curation: A Case Study From The Civil War Site Of Pickett’S Mill, Isabella Rosinko

Symposium of Student Scholars

Foundationally archaeology is defined as the scientific study of material remains, uncovered through survey and excavation. Meaning the field is dependent upon the accumulation of things: ceramics, stone tools, natural material, historic artifacts, etc. One way in which site assemblages are dealt with is through the process of curation, the storage and care of assemblages for extended periods. This is a varying process, across nations, states, and institutions. In the context of the United States, the National Preservation Act (1966), Reservoir Salvage Act (1960), and Archaeological Resource Protection Act (1979) provide standards for the long-term storage and management of archaeological ...


Postorbital Discard And Chain Of Custody: The Processing Of Artifacts Returning To Earth From The International Space Station, Justin St. P. Walsh, Alice C. Gorman, Paola Castaño Apr 2022

Postorbital Discard And Chain Of Custody: The Processing Of Artifacts Returning To Earth From The International Space Station, Justin St. P. Walsh, Alice C. Gorman, Paola Castaño

Art Faculty Articles and Research

Few items that comprise the material culture of the International Space Station ever return to Earth. Most are left on the station or placed on cargo resupply ships that burn up on atmospheric re-entry. This fact presents a challenge for archaeologists who use material culture as their primary evidence. Together with a sociologist, we observed the processes that have been developed by NASA contractors to handle and return items that come back to Earth on the Cargo Dragon vehicle. We observed two missions, CRS-13 and CRS-14, in January and May 2018, respectively, traveling to the locations of work and interviewing ...


3d Morphometric Analysis Of Late Paleoindigenous Projectile Points From The Mackenzie I Site, Northwestern Ontario, And Surrounding Regions, Dave Norris Apr 2022

3d Morphometric Analysis Of Late Paleoindigenous Projectile Points From The Mackenzie I Site, Northwestern Ontario, And Surrounding Regions, Dave Norris

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite decades of archaeological investigations into the presence of people in northwestern Ontario during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene there is still a tenuous understanding of the timing and origins of those past groups that moved across the region. This is mainly a result of small sample sizes, acidic soils (that degrade organic materials) and low recoveries of diagnostic tools such as projectile points. The discovery of an uncharacteristically large Paleoindigenous site, the Mackenzie I site, east of Thunder Bay, yielded recoveries of artifacts in numbers never seen in the region. The exceptionally large number of projectile points recovered ...


3d Library From Body Size From Unconventional Specimens: A 3d Geometric Morphometrics Approach To Fishes From Ancestral Pueblo Contexts, Jonathan Dombrosky, Thomas F. Turner, Alexandra Harris, Emily Lena Jones Apr 2022

3d Library From Body Size From Unconventional Specimens: A 3d Geometric Morphometrics Approach To Fishes From Ancestral Pueblo Contexts, Jonathan Dombrosky, Thomas F. Turner, Alexandra Harris, Emily Lena Jones

Anthropology Faculty & Staff Publications

Animal body size estimation from zooarchaeological specimens often relies on specific, one-dimensional (i.e., conventional) measures from skeletal elements. Here, we introduce an animal body size estimation technique for archaeological fishes that relies on 3D reference scans and the calculation of centroid size, a standard 3D geometric morphometric proxy measure for organism size. Centroid size-based estimations on whole caudal vertebrae are strongly correlated with a widely accepted measure (i.e., centrum width), but the scalability and flexibility of the centroid size-based approach allows for use on a wide variety of fragmented remains. We use zooarchaeological fish remains (subfamily Ictiobinae) from ...


Economic Agency And Risk Mitigation Among The Classic Period Maya At Holtun, Guatemala, Dawn Crawford Apr 2022

Economic Agency And Risk Mitigation Among The Classic Period Maya At Holtun, Guatemala, Dawn Crawford

Anthropology Theses and Dissertations

Research into social inequality among the Maya often focuses on how elites gained power, while my research sought to identify how both elites and non-elites used economic decision-making to maintain and/or augment their status. My research tested for economic agency and risk mitigation strategies among elite and non-elite households at a single Maya site, Holtun, in the Central Lowlands. Its purpose was also to test for conservation behavior during a period of abundance.

The data for this dissertation was collected through the excavation of civic ceremonial and domestic plazas, and through lithic analyses of obsidian and chert artifacts from ...


Understanding The Microbial Biogeography Of Ancient Human Dentitions To Guide Study Design And Interpretation, Zandra Fagernäs, Domingo C. Salazar-Garcia, Maria Hadar Uriarte, Azucena Avilés Fernández, Amanda G. Henry, Joaquín Lomba Maurandi, Andrew T. Ozga, Irina M. Velsko, Christina Warinner Mar 2022

Understanding The Microbial Biogeography Of Ancient Human Dentitions To Guide Study Design And Interpretation, Zandra Fagernäs, Domingo C. Salazar-Garcia, Maria Hadar Uriarte, Azucena Avilés Fernández, Amanda G. Henry, Joaquín Lomba Maurandi, Andrew T. Ozga, Irina M. Velsko, Christina Warinner

Biology Faculty Articles

The oral cavity is a heterogeneous environment, varying in factors such as pH, oxygen levels, and salivary flow. These factors affect the microbial community composition and distribution of species in dental plaque, but it is not known how well these patterns are reflected in archaeological dental calculus. In most archaeological studies, a single sample of dental calculus is studied per individual and is assumed to represent the entire oral cavity. However, it is not known if this sampling strategy introduces biases into studies of the ancient oral microbiome. Here, we present the results of a shotgun metagenomic study of a ...