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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Perkembangan Kanal Oud Batavia Abad Xvii–Xx: Tinjauan Sejarah Perkotaan, Heru Mulyanto Dec 2022

Perkembangan Kanal Oud Batavia Abad Xvii–Xx: Tinjauan Sejarah Perkotaan, Heru Mulyanto

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

Urban environmental problems such as flooding and water pollution have actually occurred in Jakarta (formerly Batavia) since the Dutch colonial era. Batavia was one of the cities with a myriad of urban planning problems, such as canal flooding which continues to this day. This article was written to find the root of the water problem in Jakarta by reviewing the development of canal construction from the Oud Batavia to the Nieuwe Batavia era. This study was conducted to identify the colonial government’s methods for dealing with flooding and repairing problematic canals. Thus, this research is expected to provide an insight …


Kuasa Media Atas Masturbasi: Studi Diskursus Youtube Clarin Hayes Dan Lampu Islam, Akbar Mawlana, Naufalul Ihya’ Ulumuddin Dec 2022

Kuasa Media Atas Masturbasi: Studi Diskursus Youtube Clarin Hayes Dan Lampu Islam, Akbar Mawlana, Naufalul Ihya’ Ulumuddin

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

Various productions of knowledge about masturbation are channeled through the media. The production of knowledge disseminated through technology presents ambivalent conditions that make individual consciousness never complete. However, various studies on masturbation have not touched the media aspect. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to examine the power of the media on masturbation in producing social body discipline. Foucault’s concept of discourse becomes a theoretical knife. Foucault’s discourse orientation leads to an analysis of the power of knowledge on the discipline of social action. The research method is qualitative. The media used are Youtube Clarin Hayes and Lampu Islam. …


Bingkai Heterosexism Dalam Karya Sastra Indonesia Kontemporer Bertemakan Homoseksualitas, Lee Yeon Dec 2022

Bingkai Heterosexism Dalam Karya Sastra Indonesia Kontemporer Bertemakan Homoseksualitas, Lee Yeon

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

Since the early 2000’s, Indonesian literary works raising the issue of homosexuality have been increasing in number. However, the proliferation of discourse on homosexuality cannot be necessarily interpreted as Indonesian literature’s increasing sympathy with homosexuality. Adequate discussion is needed regarding perceptions, perspectives, and attitudes towards homosexuality in literary works with the theme of homosexuality. In relation to this, we found that works raising the issue of homosexuality have not been able to escape from the framework of the prevailing social order and norms, namely heterosexism. This study aims to see how the idea of heterosexism works in narrating and embodying …


Perkembangan Aspek Ilmu Pengetahuan Dalam Industri Perkebunan Di Sumatra Timur 1863–1942, Devi Itawan Dec 2022

Perkembangan Aspek Ilmu Pengetahuan Dalam Industri Perkebunan Di Sumatra Timur 1863–1942, Devi Itawan

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

This study aims to reveal the relationship between science and the plantation industry on colonial expansion in East Sumatra. In this study, science is regarded as a colonial construction, which in the context of East Sumatra was used as a tool for colonial expansion, supporting the process of surplus accumulation through the plantation industry. This research applied the historical method, in which analysis was carried out on primary sources such as colonial scientific publications, travelogues, newspapers, and magazines. An examination of these primary sources was conducted by analyzing the text and the context. The decolonial perspective provides an analytical framework …


Dampak Strategi Koping Masyarakat Jawa Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, Faruq Faruq, Hanum Midya Syahrina, Nureyzwan Sabani, Siti Rahmawati, Laksmy Dewi Sukmakarti, Nanik Prihartanti Dec 2022

Dampak Strategi Koping Masyarakat Jawa Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, Faruq Faruq, Hanum Midya Syahrina, Nureyzwan Sabani, Siti Rahmawati, Laksmy Dewi Sukmakarti, Nanik Prihartanti

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

The Coping Strategy is a way that is considered effective in overcoming the problems experienced by the Indonesian people during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially the Javanese people. The implementation of the coping strategy will have a positive impact on the lives of the Javanese people in carrying out daily activities. The research method used in this study is qualitative to uncover the meaning of social problems experienced by individuals or communities, with the focus of research being the impact of implementing the coping strategy of the Javanese community during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data collection technique used in this study …


Jaws And Effect: A Preliminary Archaeological Analysis On Shark And Ray Remains From The Coastal Florida Site Of Marineland, Isabella Rosinko Dec 2022

Jaws And Effect: A Preliminary Archaeological Analysis On Shark And Ray Remains From The Coastal Florida Site Of Marineland, Isabella Rosinko

Symposium of Student Scholars

Marineland is a coastal Florida site, located in the East and Central archaeological region, and occupied from the Middle Archaic (5000-3000 BC) to the St. Johns I and II periods (AD 500-1565). My focus will be on faunal remains dated between the St. Johns I and II periods. For this project, I will be conducting a zooarchaeological analysis of shark and ray remains. Zooarchaeology is the study of animal or faunal remains found in archaeological contexts. The faunal remains present at Marineland encompass a number of species, from terrestrial mammals to crabs. Historically there has been little archaeological significance given …


Prehistoric Subsistence Strategies On The Pecho Coast: An Experimental Collection Of California Mussels And Turban Snails, Kate S. Knox Dec 2022

Prehistoric Subsistence Strategies On The Pecho Coast: An Experimental Collection Of California Mussels And Turban Snails, Kate S. Knox

Social Sciences

Shellfish exploitation by ancient Indigenous people can be observed in archaeological assemblages from shellfish middens throughout California (Erlandson 1988; Glassow 1992; Kennett 2005; Kennedy 2005; Whitaker 2008). Indigenous Californians relied upon the resources from open rocky coast ecosystems as early as 9,000 years BP, yet archaeological researchers continue to debate the actual dietary value of and energy required for procurement of such shellfish (Erlandson 1988; Jones 2003; Jones and Richman 1995). In order to discern the costs and benefits associated with shellfish exploitation, researchers have conducted archaeological experiments to try to replicate prehistoric shellfish foraging. The empirical data produced from …


Backyard Orange Groves: Archaeology And Oral History Of An Ethnic Mexican Community In Downtown Redlands, Marlen Hinojosa Dec 2022

Backyard Orange Groves: Archaeology And Oral History Of An Ethnic Mexican Community In Downtown Redlands, Marlen Hinojosa

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Seeking a better life, generations of Mexican immigrant families established a thriving community in the landscape surrounded by citrus orchards flanking a stretch of Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe railroad tracks in Redlands, CA. As a series of revitalization projects and developments, Statistical Research Inc. (SRI) conducted archival research from the Smiley library, ethnographic and archaeological investigations to understand better the history of this unstudied ethnic Mexican barrio community near downtown Redlands. The data acquired from the oral history interviews conducted with individuals who lived or had family living in the area provided a more explicit depiction of the artifacts …


The Rhythm Of The Land: Women’S Use Of Plants During The Pigeon Phase Of Magic Waters (31jk291) In Cherokee, North Carolina, Kelly Dean Santana Dec 2022

The Rhythm Of The Land: Women’S Use Of Plants During The Pigeon Phase Of Magic Waters (31jk291) In Cherokee, North Carolina, Kelly Dean Santana

Masters Theses

This thesis focuses on the paleoethnobotanical remains of the Pigeon phase village component of the Magic Waters site, 31JK291. The Pigeon phase represented the early Middle Woodland period in the western North Carolina region and spans from approximately 200 BC to AD 200, situated in between the earlier Swannanoa phase (1000 BC to 200 BC) and the later Connestee phase (AD 200 to AD 800; Ward and Davis 1999). The site of Magic Waters is located adjacent to Harrah’s Cherokee Casino and Hotel in Cherokee, Jackson County, North Carolina, among the Blue Ridge ecoregion of the Appalachian Summit. The site …


A Clean Slate: Green Slate Production And Exchange In The Mojave Desert, Jamie Marie Nord Dec 2022

A Clean Slate: Green Slate Production And Exchange In The Mojave Desert, Jamie Marie Nord

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In this thesis, I examine the procurement, manufacturing process, and subsequent distribution of cultural greenstone artifacts, historically referred to as green slate, in the Mojave Desert of southeastern California from a landscape-level framework. The San Bernardino County Museum (museum) curates a collection of incised and blank green slate artifacts (n=51) from numerous archaeological sites in the study region. These cultural materials were uncovered together in a box during routine inventory. As part of this thesis, I catalogued, rehoused, and remarried the collection with each artifact’s respective site assemblage in consultation with San Manuel Band of Mission Indians (SMBMI) in order …


Nabataeans, Dogs And Tuna: Chamber Tomb Faunal Remains And Their Association With Rome And Egypt, Samantha Bostwick Nov 2022

Nabataeans, Dogs And Tuna: Chamber Tomb Faunal Remains And Their Association With Rome And Egypt, Samantha Bostwick

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Tour De Fort: Creating And Evaluating Guided Archaeology Tours, Laura K. Clark Hunt Dr., Mike Thomin Nov 2022

Tour De Fort: Creating And Evaluating Guided Archaeology Tours, Laura K. Clark Hunt Dr., Mike Thomin

Journal of Archaeology and Education

Since 2011, the Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN) Coordinating Center office in Pensacola, Florida has partnered with the National Park Service staff at Gulf Islands National Seashore (GUIS) to develop and implement a public program called Tour de Fort. This guided bicycling tour was created by FPAN with the goal to promote the public appreciation for the many terrestrial and underwater archaeological resources located within the GUIS Fort Pickens Area. Tour de Fort has remained a popular and well attended program over the years. Based on public demand, other guided tours were developed using Tour de Fort as a …


Ancient Lowland Maya Neighborhoods: Average Nearest Neighbor Analysis And Kernel Density Models, Environments, And Urban Scale, Amy E. Thompson, John P. Walden, Adrian Z. Chase, Scott R. Hutson, Damien Marken, Bernadette Cap, Eric Fries, M. Rodrigo Guzman Piedrasanta, Timothy S. Hare, Sherman W. Horn Iii, George J. Micheletti, Shane M. Montgomery, Jessica Munson, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kyle Shaw-Müller, Traci Ardren, Jaime J. Awe, M. Kathryn Brown, Michael Callaghan, Claire E. Ebert, Anabel Ford, Rafael A. Guerra, Julie A. Hoggarth, Brigitte Kovacevich, John M. Morris, Holley Moyes, Terry G. Powis, Jason Yaeger, Brett A. Houk, Keith M. Prufer, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase Nov 2022

Ancient Lowland Maya Neighborhoods: Average Nearest Neighbor Analysis And Kernel Density Models, Environments, And Urban Scale, Amy E. Thompson, John P. Walden, Adrian Z. Chase, Scott R. Hutson, Damien Marken, Bernadette Cap, Eric Fries, M. Rodrigo Guzman Piedrasanta, Timothy S. Hare, Sherman W. Horn Iii, George J. Micheletti, Shane M. Montgomery, Jessica Munson, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Kyle Shaw-Müller, Traci Ardren, Jaime J. Awe, M. Kathryn Brown, Michael Callaghan, Claire E. Ebert, Anabel Ford, Rafael A. Guerra, Julie A. Hoggarth, Brigitte Kovacevich, John M. Morris, Holley Moyes, Terry G. Powis, Jason Yaeger, Brett A. Houk, Keith M. Prufer, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Many humans live in large, complex political centers, composed of multi-scalar communities including neighborhoods and districts. Both today and in the past, neighborhoods form a fundamental part of cities and are defined by their spatial, architectural, and material elements. Neighborhoods existed in ancient centers of various scales, and multiple methods have been employed to identify ancient neighborhoods in archaeological contexts. However, the use of different methods for neighborhood identification within the same spatiotemporal setting results in challenges for comparisons within and between ancient societies. Here, we focus on using a single method—combining Average Nearest Neighbor (ANN) and Kernel Density (KD) …


The Judicialization Of Indigenous Territories In Brazil: Judicial Power And The Obstacles To Demarcation, Samara Pataxó Oct 2022

The Judicialization Of Indigenous Territories In Brazil: Judicial Power And The Obstacles To Demarcation, Samara Pataxó

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Brief Responses To The Commentaries On Traditional Peoples And Biodiversity In Brazil, From The Quilombola Point Of View, José Maurício Arruti Oct 2022

Brief Responses To The Commentaries On Traditional Peoples And Biodiversity In Brazil, From The Quilombola Point Of View, José Maurício Arruti

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Traditional Peoples And Biodiversity In Brazil: Editors’ Reply To Discussants, Manuela Carneiro Da Cunha, Sônia Barbosa Magalhães, Cristina Adams Oct 2022

Traditional Peoples And Biodiversity In Brazil: Editors’ Reply To Discussants, Manuela Carneiro Da Cunha, Sônia Barbosa Magalhães, Cristina Adams

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Politics As War: The Ideology Of The Attack On Indigenous Territorial Rights, Artionka Capiberibe Oct 2022

Politics As War: The Ideology Of The Attack On Indigenous Territorial Rights, Artionka Capiberibe

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Isolation As A Statement Of Refusal: Indigenous Policies Against The Violence Of The Brazilian State, Fabio Ribeiro, Miguel Aparicio, Beatriz De Almeida Matos Oct 2022

Isolation As A Statement Of Refusal: Indigenous Policies Against The Violence Of The Brazilian State, Fabio Ribeiro, Miguel Aparicio, Beatriz De Almeida Matos

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Writing And Drawing: Knowledge Of “Traditional Indigenous Midwives”, Maria Christina Barra Oct 2022

Writing And Drawing: Knowledge Of “Traditional Indigenous Midwives”, Maria Christina Barra

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This paper aims to discuss the construction of the “traditional indigenous midwife” category in the context of public health policies on pregnancy, labor and childbirth care in Roraima, Brazil. Based on statements given by indigenous women and men in two sets of situations - the training courses offered by the Ministry of Health and in the Midwives, Praying men and Shamans Meetings held in Região das Serras, Raposa Serra do Sol Indigenous Land, Brazil - this work seeks to consider how the sensible knowing of these men and women who call themselves midwives is transformed into the category of “traditional …


Territorial Rights In Brazil: Chronic Difficulties And New Approaches To Sustaining Traditional Landscapes, Jeremy M. Campbell Oct 2022

Territorial Rights In Brazil: Chronic Difficulties And New Approaches To Sustaining Traditional Landscapes, Jeremy M. Campbell

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Povos Da Terra And Originary Rights, Marcela Coelho De Souza Oct 2022

Povos Da Terra And Originary Rights, Marcela Coelho De Souza

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Review Time And Its Object, Laura Rival Oct 2022

Review Time And Its Object, Laura Rival

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This is a book review


Anclas Para Sueños Silvestres. Una Conversación Con Eduardo Kohn, Mónica Cuéllar Gempeler, Daniel Ruiz-Serna Oct 2022

Anclas Para Sueños Silvestres. Una Conversación Con Eduardo Kohn, Mónica Cuéllar Gempeler, Daniel Ruiz-Serna

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Following the Spanish publication of the book How Forests Think. Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human, Eduardo Kohn (Associate Professor of Anthropology at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, and Affiliated Researcher at FLACSO in Ecuador) reflects on the origins and the trajectory of his research in the Ecuadorian Amazon. The conversation dwells on questions of theory and method, on key concepts of this influential work (such as absence, hierarchy, and "emergence"), and, finally, on the new paths that have appeared since the initial publication of this book in 2013. The narrative that takes place in the interview will be …


Indigenous Health Agents In Amazonia: Creative Intermediations And A Poiesis Of Care, Johanna Gonçalves Martín Oct 2022

Indigenous Health Agents In Amazonia: Creative Intermediations And A Poiesis Of Care, Johanna Gonçalves Martín

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Health Agents On The Move: Yanomami Agency And The Struggle For Wellbeing, Alejandro Reig Oct 2022

Health Agents On The Move: Yanomami Agency And The Struggle For Wellbeing, Alejandro Reig

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

This paper examines the sanitary and sociopolitical impact of the work of a Yanomami Health Agent in the Upper Ocamo area of the Venezuelan Amazonas State, and its relationship with the national health system, and argues that these build up into an interface of transformations. This is an interactional milieu composed by a dynamic mesh of incorporations and transformations working at different scales and in different directions: the State sanitary device incorporating a hinterland cluster of villages, a village at the center of this cluster incorporating the resources of the outside world, a young adult incorporating the potencies of outsiders …


Brazilian Indigenous Peoples: Territories, Legal Rights And The Obstacles Of Structural And Institutional Racism, Maria Rosário De Carvalho Oct 2022

Brazilian Indigenous Peoples: Territories, Legal Rights And The Obstacles Of Structural And Institutional Racism, Maria Rosário De Carvalho

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Just Recognition And Biocultural Rights, Laura Zanotti Oct 2022

Just Recognition And Biocultural Rights, Laura Zanotti

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


Isolamento Como Declaração De Recusa: Políticas Indígenas Contra A Violência Do Estado Brasileiro, Fabio Ribeiro, Miguel Aparicio, Beatriz De Almeida Matos Oct 2022

Isolamento Como Declaração De Recusa: Políticas Indígenas Contra A Violência Do Estado Brasileiro, Fabio Ribeiro, Miguel Aparicio, Beatriz De Almeida Matos

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.


The Right To Exist, Carlos Marés Oct 2022

The Right To Exist, Carlos Marés

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

No abstract provided.