Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2017

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 11937

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Kodysynth, Ryan Kody Dec 2017

Kodysynth, Ryan Kody

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

KodySynth is a VST digital synthesizer that can be loaded into any digital audio workstation such as FL Studio, Ableton, or Garageband. The program was made using the JUCE library which helped with streamlining the process and making it easier to create clean and intuitive looking graphics. The project also needs the Maximilian Library of sounds to create the sound waves that listeners will hear when playing the synthesizer. Users will also be able to plug in a MIDI keyboard to play KodySynth. The functionalities include a choice of 5 oscillator wave types, as well as an attack, decay, sustain, …


Gaze-Contingent Displays For Interactive Text Enhancement, Divya Bajaj Dec 2017

Gaze-Contingent Displays For Interactive Text Enhancement, Divya Bajaj

Graduate Masters Theses

Eye trackers are used for measuring a person’s eye movements, for example, while reading text on a screen. This information can be used by scientists to study the human visual system during object recognition or text comprehension. Moreover, engineers can build gaze-controlled interfaces that trigger a variety of actions when the user looks at pre-specified icons on a screen. In my research, I studied how gaze-contingent displays can be used to enhance the information that is provided by texts. First, I implemented a simple scripting language that allows even users without programming experience to set up gaze-contingent text displays. The …


Megaloads And Mobilization: The Rural People Of Idaho Stand Against Big Oil, Corrie Grosse Dec 2017

Megaloads And Mobilization: The Rural People Of Idaho Stand Against Big Oil, Corrie Grosse

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

From 2011 to 2014 fossil fuel corporations trucked tar sands processing machinery along rural Idaho highways. The machinery was bound for the world's largest deposits of tar or oil sands, a heavy crude oil substance called bitumen, located in the western Canadian province of Alberta. These loads of machinery, what became known as megaloads, encountered much resistance. Throughout Idaho and the surrounding region, a network organized opposition. Neighbors, grassroots organizations, nonprofits, and the Nez Perce and other tribes all collaborated. They held information sessions, protested, waged legal battles, monitored the loads, and blockaded highways. What oil companies hoped would be …


Characteristics Of Different Deep Neural Networks And Application Of Pre-Trained Model Without Transfer Learning, Zhiqi Peng Dec 2017

Characteristics Of Different Deep Neural Networks And Application Of Pre-Trained Model Without Transfer Learning, Zhiqi Peng

Theses

Deep neural networks have been successful in many areas, some of them even surpass human performances. The goal of this thesis is using data simulations to present different characteristics of three deep neural networks: fully connected deep neural network, convolutional neural network, recurrent neural network, which will perform best when dealing with different feature patterns. By using these characteristics to design a deep neural network on top of an adopted pre-trained model with untrainable layers, achieved an averagely 11.1% improvement than a model with transfer learning method.


Electrical Properties Of Metal Semiconductor Contacts - Metals On Mos2: A Case Study, Xiao Chang Dec 2017

Electrical Properties Of Metal Semiconductor Contacts - Metals On Mos2: A Case Study, Xiao Chang

Theses

Properties of monolayer semiconductor, MoS2, are presented in the research. Schottky barrier height and Schottky-Mott rules are discussed. The current-voltage measurement and capacitance-voltage measurement are analyzed considering the role of the work function. We mainly focus on metal semiconductor contacts on molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). The properties of bulk and monolayer molybdenum disulfide are discussed. The differences between the bulk and monolayer, based on band gap structure theory, are presented. Utilizing the data obtained in the literature, the influence of temperature on the electrical properties of monolayer molybdenum disulfide are analyzed. In particular, the electrical properties of metals on MoS2 such …


Looping Predictive Method To Improve Accuracy Of A Machine Learning Model, Subramanyam Reddy Pogili Dec 2017

Looping Predictive Method To Improve Accuracy Of A Machine Learning Model, Subramanyam Reddy Pogili

Theses

The topic of this project is an analysis of drug-related tweets. The goal is to build a Machine Learning Model that can distinguish between tweets that indicate drug abuse and other tweets that also contain the name of a drug but do not describe abuse. Drugs can be illegal, such as heroin, or legal drugs with a potential of abuse, such as painkillers. However, building a good Machine Learning Model requires a large amount of training data. For each training tweet, a human expert has determined whether it indicates drug abuse or not. This is difficult work for humans. …


2017 Nebraska Water Leaders Academy - Final Report, Mark E. Burbach, H. Reiners-Hild Dec 2017

2017 Nebraska Water Leaders Academy - Final Report, Mark E. Burbach, H. Reiners-Hild

Conservation and Survey Division

Twenty participants completed the 2017 Water Leaders Academy bringing the total number of graduates to 101 since the inception of the program in 2011. Assessment of participants’ transformational leadership skills, champion of innovation skills, water knowledge and engagement, civic capacity, and entrepreneurial leadership behaviors showed a significant increase over the course of the year, from both participants’ and their raters’ perspectives. Feedback from participants was highly positive and constructive. Participant concerns were addressed, and only minor changes are planned for the 2018 Academy curriculum. Results of the program assessment indicate that the curriculum is meeting Academy objectives. Most importantly, Alumni …


Obat Aborsi Cytotec Asli Wa 085875427775, Nia Diana Dec 2017

Obat Aborsi Cytotec Asli Wa 085875427775, Nia Diana

nia diana

READY STOCK !!! 
INFO PEMESANAN 
CALL / SMS /WA 
085875427775

Kami Menyediakan Macam - Macam Obat Haid Yang Sangat Ampuh Dan Terpercaya Tuntas. 

- Paket A ( Untuk Usia Maksimal 0-1Bulan ) 
Harga : Rp.500.000, - 
- Paket B ( Untuk Usia Maksimal 1-2Bulan ) 
Harga : Rp.800.000, - 
- Paket C ( Untuk Usia Maksimal 2-3 Bulan ) 
Harga : Rp.1.000.000, - 
- Paket D ( Untuk Usia maksimal 4-5 Bulan ) 
Harga : Rp.1.500.000 

DAPATKAN PRODUCT - PRODUCT ORIGINAL HANYA DI TOKO ONLINE KAMI PERCAYAKAN HANYA KAMI YANG TAU SOLUSI TEPAT UNTUK ANDA...!!!


Semantic Hierarchies For Extracting, Modeling, And Connecting Compliance Requirements In Information Security Control Standards, Matthew L. Hale, Rose F. Gamble Dec 2017

Semantic Hierarchies For Extracting, Modeling, And Connecting Compliance Requirements In Information Security Control Standards, Matthew L. Hale, Rose F. Gamble

Interdisciplinary Informatics Faculty Publications

Companies and government organizations are increasingly compelled, if not required by law, to ensure that their information systems will comply with various federal and industry regulatory standards, such as the NIST Special Publication on Security Controls for Federal Information Systems (NIST SP-800-53), or the Common Criteria (ISO 15408-2). Such organizations operate business or mission critical systems where a lack of or lapse in security protections translates to serious confidentiality, integrity, and availability risks that, if exploited, could result in information disclosure, loss of money, or, at worst, loss of life. To mitigate these risks and ensure that their information systems …


What A Catastrophe!― Science Abandons Uniformitarianism?, Lynden Rogers Dec 2017

What A Catastrophe!― Science Abandons Uniformitarianism?, Lynden Rogers

Science and Mathematics Conference Papers

This chapter tracks the fascinating and unexpected changes of fortune which have attended the scientific notion of uniformitarianism since its emergence in the early nineteenth century at the hands of geologists such as Sir Charles Lyell. The key role played in this narrative by Price is noted and the changing manner in which this story has been told by Adventist and other recent creationist authors is described.


Seventh-Day Adventism, Geology, And The Flood: An Historical Perspective From 1900 To 2015, Kevin C. De Berg Dec 2017

Seventh-Day Adventism, Geology, And The Flood: An Historical Perspective From 1900 To 2015, Kevin C. De Berg

Science and Mathematics Conference Papers

George McCready Price was the major Seventh-day Adventist spokesperson on matters of geology and the Flood for about the first sixty years of the 20th century. While some of his pronouncements on geology were changed by later more experienced and qualified Adventist scientists, the dominant Adventist position is still committed to the literal historical understanding of the Genesis text and the global extent of the Genesis Flood. Some within Adventism have found this position to be untenable given their understanding of the biblical text and scientific evidence. A constructive open dialogue between these divergent opinions should be encouraged if …


Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +Several Additional Authors Dec 2017

Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +Several Additional Authors

Global Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Interventions in infectious diseases can have both direct effects on individuals who receive the intervention as well as indirect effects in the population. In addition, intervention combinations can have complex interactions at the population level, which are often difficult to adequately assess with standard study designs and analytical methods.

DISCUSSION: Herein, we urge the adoption of a new paradigm for the design and interpretation of intervention trials in infectious diseases, particularly with regard to emerging infectious diseases, one that more accurately reflects the dynamics of the transmission process. In an increasingly complex world, simulations can explicitly represent transmission dynamics, …


The Effect Of Rare Variants In Trem2 And Pld3 On Longitudinal Cognitive Function In The Wisconsin Registry For Alzheimer's Prevention, Corinne D. Engelman, Burcu F. Darst, Murat Bilgel, Eva Vasiljevic, Rebecca L. Koscik, Bruno M. Jedynak, Sterling C. Johnson Dec 2017

The Effect Of Rare Variants In Trem2 And Pld3 On Longitudinal Cognitive Function In The Wisconsin Registry For Alzheimer's Prevention, Corinne D. Engelman, Burcu F. Darst, Murat Bilgel, Eva Vasiljevic, Rebecca L. Koscik, Bruno M. Jedynak, Sterling C. Johnson

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Recent studies have found an association between functional variants in TREM2 and PLD3 and Alzheimer's disease (AD), but their effect on cognitive function is unknown. We examined the effect of these variants on cognitive function in 1449 participants from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention, a longitudinal study of initially asymptomatic adults, aged 36–73 years at baseline, enriched for a parental history of AD. A comprehensive cognitive test battery was performed at up to 5 visits. A factor analysis resulted in 6 cognitive factors that were standardized into z scores (∼N [0, 1]); the mean of these z scores was …


An Additional Pulsating Mode (7.35 Mhz) And Pulsations Timing Variations Of Pg 1613+426, Tomomi Otani, Terry D. Oswalt, Patrice Majewski, Riley Jordan, Marc Amaral, Adam Moss Dec 2017

An Additional Pulsating Mode (7.35 Mhz) And Pulsations Timing Variations Of Pg 1613+426, Tomomi Otani, Terry D. Oswalt, Patrice Majewski, Riley Jordan, Marc Amaral, Adam Moss

Publications

We present the detection of an additional pulsation mode (7.35 mHz) of a subdwarf B star, PG 1613+426, and periodic Observed minus Calculated (O-C) variations for two existing pulsations. PG 1613+426 is near the hot end of the sdB instability strip. One pulsation mode (6.94 mHz) was detected so far by Bonanno et al. (2002) and another pulsation mode candidate (7.05 mHz) was proposed with a confidence level above 90% by Kuassivi and Ferlet (2005). To constrain sdB star evolutional scenarios, this star was monitored in 2010, 2011, 2015, and 2017 as a part of a project for finding companions …


"The Devil Is In The Details:" Inland Northwest Stakeholders’ Views On Three Forest-Based Bioenergy Scenarios, Soren Newman, Darin Saul, Robert Keefe, Ryan Jacobson, Tamara Laninga, Jillian Moroney Dec 2017

"The Devil Is In The Details:" Inland Northwest Stakeholders’ Views On Three Forest-Based Bioenergy Scenarios, Soren Newman, Darin Saul, Robert Keefe, Ryan Jacobson, Tamara Laninga, Jillian Moroney

University Author Recognition Bibliography: 2017

Public and private initiatives are actively exploring a range of forest-based bioenergy development options in the Inland Northwest of the United States. These efforts are motivated in part by the potential to generate renewable energy while creating a market for forest residues that would facilitate hazardous fuels reduction and provide economic opportunities. Understanding stakeholders’ perspectives is critical to the feasibility and long-term viability of bioenergy projects. This study presents stakeholder perspectives on forest-based bioenergy development strategies for communities in the forested areas of Idaho, western Montana, eastern Washington, and eastern Oregon. We developed three scenarios based on bioenergy initiatives currently …


Measurement Of The Helicity Asymmetry E In ΩΠ+ΠΠ0 Photoproduction, Z. Akbar, P. Roy, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, S. Boiarinov, W. J. Briscoe, J. Brock, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, F. T. Cao, C. Carlin, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, Wesley P. Gohn Dec 2017

Measurement Of The Helicity Asymmetry E In Ω → Π+Π−Π0 Photoproduction, Z. Akbar, P. Roy, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, S. Boiarinov, W. J. Briscoe, J. Brock, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, F. T. Cao, C. Carlin, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, Wesley P. Gohn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The double-polarization observable E was studied for the reaction γp using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and the longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target (FROST). The observable was measured from the charged decay mode of the meson, ωπ+ππ0, using a circularly polarized tagged-photon beam with energies ranging from the ω threshold at 1.1 to 2.3 GeV. A partial-wave analysis within the Bonn-Gatchina framework found dominant contributions from the 3/2+ partial wave near threshold, which is identified with the subthreshold N …


Black Hole Hyperaccretion Inflow-Outflow Model. I. Long And Ultra-Long Gamma-Ray Bursts, Tong Liu, Cui-Ying Song, Bing Zhang, Wei-Min Gu, Alexander Heger Dec 2017

Black Hole Hyperaccretion Inflow-Outflow Model. I. Long And Ultra-Long Gamma-Ray Bursts, Tong Liu, Cui-Ying Song, Bing Zhang, Wei-Min Gu, Alexander Heger

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) and ultra-LGRBs (ULGRBs) originate from collapsars, in the center of which a newborn rotating stellar-mass black hole (BH) surrounded by a massive accretion disk may form. In the scenario of the BH hyperaccretion inflow-outflow model and Blandford-Znajek (BZ) mechanism to trigger gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the real accretion rate to power a BZ jet is far lower than the mass supply rate from the progenitor star. The characteristics of the progenitor stars can be constrained by GRB luminosity observations, and the results exceed usual expectations. LGRBs lasting from several seconds to tens of seconds in the rest …


Stable Solution To L 2,1-Based Robust Inductive Matrix Completion And Its Application In Linking Long Noncoding Rnas To Human Diseases, Ashis Kumer Biswas, Dongchul Kim, Mingon Kang, Chris Ding, Jean X. Gao Dec 2017

Stable Solution To L 2,1-Based Robust Inductive Matrix Completion And Its Application In Linking Long Noncoding Rnas To Human Diseases, Ashis Kumer Biswas, Dongchul Kim, Mingon Kang, Chris Ding, Jean X. Gao

Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Backgrounds

A large number of long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) are linked to a broad spectrum of human diseases. The disease association with many other lincRNAs still remain as puzzle. Validation of such links between the two entities through biological experiments are expensive. However, a plethora lincRNA-data are available now, thanks to the High Throughput Sequencing (HTS) platforms, Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), etc, which opens the opportunity for cutting-edge machine learning and data mining approaches to extract meaningful relationships among lincRNAs and diseases. However, there are only a few in silico lincRNA-disease association inference tools available to date, and …


Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap Dec 2017

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The epsilon Fe2O3 phase of iron oxide has been studied to understand the spin structure and the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the bulk and in thin films of "-Fe2O3 and Co-doped "-Fe2O3. The preferential magnetization direction in the nanoparticles of "-Fe2O3 is along the a-axis [M. Gich et al., Chem. Mater. 18, 3889 (2006)]. Compared to the bulk band gap of 1.9 eV, the thin-film band gap is reduced to 1.3 eV in the Co-free films and to 0.7 eV in the film with partial …


Stable Solution To L 2,1-Based Robust Inductive Matrix Completion And Its Application In Linking Long Noncoding Rnas To Human Diseases, Ashis Kumer Biswas, Dongchul Kim, Mingon Kang, Chris Ding Dec 2017

Stable Solution To L 2,1-Based Robust Inductive Matrix Completion And Its Application In Linking Long Noncoding Rnas To Human Diseases, Ashis Kumer Biswas, Dongchul Kim, Mingon Kang, Chris Ding

Faculty Publications

Backgrounds A large number of long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) are linked to a broad spectrum of human diseases. The disease association with many other lincRNAs still remain as puzzle. Validation of such links between the two entities through biological experiments are expensive. However, a plethora lincRNA-data are available now, thanks to the High Throughput Sequencing (HTS) platforms, Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), etc, which opens the opportunity for cutting-edge machine learning and data mining approaches to extract meaningful relationships among lincRNAs and diseases. However, there are only a few in silico lincRNA-disease association inference tools available to date, and …


First Narrow-Band Search For Continuous Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars In Advanced Detector Data, B. P. Abbott, K. Aultoneal, S. Gaudio, K. Gill, E. M. Gretarsson, B. Hughey, M. Muratore, J. W. W. Pratt, S. G. Schwalbe, K. Staats, M. J. Szczepańczyk, M. Zanolin, Et Al. Dec 2017

First Narrow-Band Search For Continuous Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars In Advanced Detector Data, B. P. Abbott, K. Aultoneal, S. Gaudio, K. Gill, E. M. Gretarsson, B. Hughey, M. Muratore, J. W. W. Pratt, S. G. Schwalbe, K. Staats, M. J. Szczepańczyk, M. Zanolin, Et Al.

Publications

Spinning neutron stars asymmetric with respect to their rotation axis are potential sources of continuous gravitational waves for ground-based interferometric detectors. In the case of known pulsars a fully coherent search, based on matched filtering, which uses the position and rotational parameters obtained from electromagnetic observations, can be carried out. Matched filtering maximizes the signal-to-noise (SNR) ratio, but a large sensitivity loss is expected in case of even a very small mismatch between the assumed and the true signal parameters. For this reason, narrow-band analysis methods have been developed, allowing a fully coherent search for gravitational waves from known pulsars …


Learning About Modeling In Teacher Preparation Programs, Hyunyi Jung, Eryn Stehr, Jia He, Sharon L. Senk Dec 2017

Learning About Modeling In Teacher Preparation Programs, Hyunyi Jung, Eryn Stehr, Jia He, Sharon L. Senk

Hyunyi Jung

This study explores opportunities that secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs provide to learn about modeling in algebra. Forty-eight course instructors and ten focus groups at five universities were interviewed to answer questions related to modeling. With the analysis of the interview transcripts and related course materials, we found few opportunities for PSTs to engage with the full modeling cycle. Examples of opportunities to learn about algebraic modeling and the participants’ perspectives on the opportunities can contribute to the study of modeling and algebra in teacher education.


Evaluation Of The Community Multiscale Air Quality Model For Simulating Winter Ozone Formation In The Uinta Basin, Rebecca Matichuk, Gail Tonnesen, Deborah Luecken, Rob Gillam, Sergey L. Napelenok, Kirk R. Baker, Donna Schwede, Ben Murphy, Detlev Helmig, Seth N. Lyman, Shawn Roselle Dec 2017

Evaluation Of The Community Multiscale Air Quality Model For Simulating Winter Ozone Formation In The Uinta Basin, Rebecca Matichuk, Gail Tonnesen, Deborah Luecken, Rob Gillam, Sergey L. Napelenok, Kirk R. Baker, Donna Schwede, Ben Murphy, Detlev Helmig, Seth N. Lyman, Shawn Roselle

Bingham Research Center

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) models were used to simulate a 10 day high-ozone episode observed during the 2013 Uinta Basin Winter Ozone Study (UBWOS). The baseline model had a large negative bias when compared to ozone (O3) and volatile organic compound (VOC) measurements across the basin. Contrary to other wintertime Uinta Basin studies, predicted nitrogen oxides (NOx) were typically low compared to measurements. Increases to oil and gas VOC emissions resulted in O3 predictions closer to observations, and nighttime O3 improved when reducing the deposition velocity …


Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2017

Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The effect of Y addition and magnetic field on texture and magnetic properties of arc-melted alnico 9 magnets has been investigated. Small additions of Y (1.5 wt.%) develop a (200) texture for the arc-melted alnico 9 magnet. Such a texture is hard to form in cast samples. To achieve this goal, we set up a high-field annealing system with a maximum operation temperature of 12500 C. This system enabled annealing in a field of 45 kOe with subsequent draw annealing for the solutionized buttons; we have been able to substantially increase remanence ratio and coercivity, from 0.70 and 1200 …


Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Dec 2017

Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEG) at oxide interfaces, such as LaAlO3/SrTiO3 (001), have aroused significant interest due to their high carrier density (∼1014 cm−2) and strong lateral confinement (∼1 nm). However, these 2DEGs are normally hosted by the weakly dispersive and degenerate d bands (e.g., Ti-3d bands), which are strongly coupled to the lattice, causing mobility of such 2DEGs to be relatively low at room temperature (∼1 cm2/Vs). Here, we propose using oxide host materials with the conduction bands formed from s electrons to increase carrier mobility and soften its temperature dependence. Using …


Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik Dec 2017

Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use a three-pulse ultrafast optical spectroscopy to study the relaxation processes in a frustrated Mott insulator Na2IrO3. By being able to independently produce the out-of-equilibrium bound states (excitons) of doublons and holons with the first pulse and suppress the underlying antiferromagnetic order with the second one, we were able to elucidate the relaxation mechanism of quasiparticles in this system. By observing the difference in the exciton dynamics in the magnetically ordered and disordered phases we found that the mass of this quasiparticle is mostly determined by its interaction with the surrounding spins.


Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch Dec 2017

Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Background: Measurements of the neutron charge form factor, GnE, are challenging because the neutron has no net charge. In addition, measurements of the neutron form factors must use nuclear targets which require accurately accounting for nuclear effects. Extracting GnE with different targets and techniques provides an important test of our handling of these effects.

Purpose: The goal of the measurement was to use an inclusive asymmetry measurement technique to extract the neutron charge form factor at a four-momentum transfer of 1 (GeV/c)2. This technique has very different systematic uncertainties …


Low Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Gravitational Waves Generated By Neutron Stars, Preston Jones, Andri Gretarsson, Douglas Singleton Dec 2017

Low Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Gravitational Waves Generated By Neutron Stars, Preston Jones, Andri Gretarsson, Douglas Singleton

Publications

We investigate the possibility of observing very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic radiation produced from the vacuum by gravitational waves. We review the calculations leading to the possibility of vacuum conversion of gravitational waves into electromagnetic waves and show how this process evades the well-known prohibition against particle production from gravitational waves. Using Newman-Penrose scalars, we estimate the luminosity of this proposed electromagnetic counterpart radiation coming from gravitational waves produced by neutron star oscillations. The detection of electromagnetic counterpart radiation would provide an indirect way of observing gravitational radiation with future spacecraft missions, especially lunar orbiting probes.


A Cutting-Plane Method For Contiguity-Constrained Spatial Aggregation, Johannes Oehrlein, Jan-Henrik Haunert Dec 2017

A Cutting-Plane Method For Contiguity-Constrained Spatial Aggregation, Johannes Oehrlein, Jan-Henrik Haunert

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Aggregating areas into larger regions is a common problem in spatial planning, geographic information science, and cartography. The aim can be to group administrative areal units into electoral districts or sales territories, in which case the problem is known as districting. In other cases, area aggregation is seen as a generalization or visualization task, which aims to reveal spatial patterns in geographic data. Despite these different motivations, the heart of the problem is the same: given a planar partition, one wants to aggregate several elements of this partition to regions. These often must have or exceed a particular size, be …


Insight Provenance For Spatiotemporal Visual Analytics: Theory, Review, And Guidelines, Andreas Hall, Paula Ahonen-Rainio, Kirsi Virrantaus Dec 2017

Insight Provenance For Spatiotemporal Visual Analytics: Theory, Review, And Guidelines, Andreas Hall, Paula Ahonen-Rainio, Kirsi Virrantaus

Journal of Spatial Information Science

Research on provenance, which focuses on different ways to describe and record the history of changes and advances made throughout an analysis process, is an integral part of visual analytics. This paper focuses on providing the provenance of insight and rationale through visualizations while emphasizing, first, that this entails a profound understanding of human cognition and reasoning and that, second, the special nature of spatiotemporal data needs to be acknowledged in this process. A recently proposed human reasoning framework for spatiotemporal analysis, and four guidelines for the creation of visualizations that provide the provenance of insight and rationale published in …