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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Visual Analytics And Modeling Of Materials Property Data, Diwas Bhattarai Jan 2023

Visual Analytics And Modeling Of Materials Property Data, Diwas Bhattarai

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Due to significant advancements in experimental and computational techniques, materials data are abundant. To facilitate data-driven research, it calls for a system for managing and sharing data and supporting a set of tools for effective data analysis and modeling. Generally, a given material property M can be considered as a multivariate data problem. The dimensions of M are the values of the property itself, the conditions (pressure P, temperature T, and multi-component composition X) that control the concerned property, and relevant metadata I (source, date).

Here we present a comprehensive database considering both experimental and computational sources …


Measurement Of Near-Threshold Proton Branching Ratios In 31s Important For Novae, Sudarsan Balakrishnan Jan 2023

Measurement Of Near-Threshold Proton Branching Ratios In 31s Important For Novae, Sudarsan Balakrishnan

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Classical novae are stellar explosions that contribute to the nucleosynthesis of isotopes on the proton-rich side of the valley of stability up to 40Ca. In ONe novae, the incompletely understood reaction rate of 30P(p,γ)31S is known to strongly influence the production rate of several stable isotopes such as 30Si, 31P, and 32,33,34S. A precise measurement of this reaction rate has several potential implications towards matching astrophysical observables to the physical composition of the nova site -- the observed elemental abundance ratios of O/S and S/Al have been suggested as useful `thermometers' to gauge …


Runge-Kutta Methods For Rough Differential Equations, Martin Redmann, Sebastian Riedel Dec 2022

Runge-Kutta Methods For Rough Differential Equations, Martin Redmann, Sebastian Riedel

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


A Jump-Diffusion Process For Asset Price With Non-Independent Jumps, Yihren Wu, Majnu John Dec 2022

A Jump-Diffusion Process For Asset Price With Non-Independent Jumps, Yihren Wu, Majnu John

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Quantization Of The Monotone Poisson Central Limit Theorem, Yungang Lu Dec 2022

Quantization Of The Monotone Poisson Central Limit Theorem, Yungang Lu

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Applications Of A Superposed Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Type Processes, Santatriniaina Avotra Randrianambinina, Julius Esunge Dec 2022

Applications Of A Superposed Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Type Processes, Santatriniaina Avotra Randrianambinina, Julius Esunge

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


On The Diagonalizability And Factorizability Of Quadratic Boson Fields, Luigi Accardi, Andreas Boukas, Yungang Lu, Alexander Teretenkov Dec 2022

On The Diagonalizability And Factorizability Of Quadratic Boson Fields, Luigi Accardi, Andreas Boukas, Yungang Lu, Alexander Teretenkov

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Estimation Of Economic Risk From Coastal Natural Hazards In Louisiana, Rubayet Bin Mostafiz Nov 2022

Estimation Of Economic Risk From Coastal Natural Hazards In Louisiana, Rubayet Bin Mostafiz

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Louisiana, U.S.A., is among the most vulnerable areas globally to coastal natural hazards, with risk vulnerability likely increasing. The risks associated with non-tropical-cyclone hazards in Louisiana’s coastal zone have been understudied. This research enhances present and future (i.e., 2050) Louisiana risk assessment using locally-weighted, model-based hazard frequency/intensity and population projections.

Results suggest that property risks associated with extreme cold temperature and tornado are and will remain costlier than those for hail and lightning. Property risks of extreme cold temperature and hail are projected to decrease with the expected warming temperatures, with those of all four of these hazards peaking in …


Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, Travis D. Lecompte Nov 2022

Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, Travis D. Lecompte

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Modern computers can experience a variety of transient errors due to the surrounding environment, known as soft faults. Although the frequency of these faults is low enough to not be noticeable on personal computers, they become a considerable concern during large-scale distributed computations or systems in more vulnerable environments like satellites. These faults occur as a bit flip of some value in a register, operation, or memory during execution. They surface as either program crashes, hangs, or silent data corruption (SDC), each of which can waste time, money, and resources. Hardware methods, such as shielding or error correcting memory (ECM), …


Archean Metamorphosed Ultramafic Rocks And Chromitites From The Beartooth Mountains, Montana, Usa: Insights Into Mantle Geochemistry And Tectonics, Rachel M. Gnieski Nov 2022

Archean Metamorphosed Ultramafic Rocks And Chromitites From The Beartooth Mountains, Montana, Usa: Insights Into Mantle Geochemistry And Tectonics, Rachel M. Gnieski

LSU Master's Theses

Metamorphosed ultramafic rocks and associated chromitite pods in the eastern Beartooth Mountains, Montana (USA) provide a window into the tectonic evolution of the Archean northern Wyoming Province. Meta-ultramafic rocks occur with a variety of metasupracrustal rocks as xenoliths in an extensive 2.8 Ga suite of TTG (meta)plutonic rocks. The origin of the ultramafic rocks is obscured by an upper amphibolite-to-greenschist facies overprint. Major element analyses (XRF, wt. %) of meta-ultramafic host rocks show SiO2 from 40.53-50.37, MgO from 15.33-45.25, TiO2 from 0.07-0.62, Al2O3 from 1.25-10.62, and Fe2O3(t) from 8.06-14.54. Total alkali …


Fractal Like Snowflakes Generated By Non-Contractive Function Systems, William H. Kelly Iii Nov 2022

Fractal Like Snowflakes Generated By Non-Contractive Function Systems, William H. Kelly Iii

LSU Master's Theses

At the heart of this thesis is the examination of a non-contractive iterative function system T on the Hausdorff metric space of all compact subset of ℝ . Despite the absence of an 2 attracting fixed point, an examination reveals the appearance of fractal-like shapes (snowflakes) when applying the Barnsley’ random walk method to study the iterative sequence 𝑇n(0) (𝑛 ∈ ℕ) for 𝑇 = 𝑇1 ∪ 𝑇2 ∪ 𝑇3, where 𝑇1(𝑧) = 𝑟𝑧, 𝑇2(𝑧) = 𝑟𝑧 + 𝑏, and 𝑇3(𝑧) = 𝑟𝑧 - 𝑏, and 𝑟 = …


Polymer Mimetics For Soil Modeling And Detection Of Biomarkers, Md Ragib Hasan Nov 2022

Polymer Mimetics For Soil Modeling And Detection Of Biomarkers, Md Ragib Hasan

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The population of the world is increasing day by day and is expected to reach 9.8 billion by the year 2050. The ever-increasing demand for agricultural products is putting an unprecedented strain on the world's soils as the human population continues to expand. Soil degradation caused by over-farming and the agrochemicals (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.) used in agriculture is a growing problem, although its causes remain murky. In addition, little is understood about the molecular-level interactions of substances that are subsequently introduced to soils, such as agricultural chemicals (ACs). Therefore, it is expected that these constraints may be circumvented by the …


Hydrogeologic Investigation Of A Covered Karst Terrain, Joseph Peter Honings Oct 2022

Hydrogeologic Investigation Of A Covered Karst Terrain, Joseph Peter Honings

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Increasing demand for water for agricultural use within the Dougherty Plain of the Southeastern United States has depleted surface water bodies. In karstic landscapes, such as the Dougherty Plain in southwest Georgia where the linkages between surface and ground waters are close, there is a need to understand the physical characteristics of the subsurface that allow these close linkages. Having a better understanding of the subsurface characteristics will aid numerical modeling efforts that underpin policy decisions and economic analyses. Two common features on this karstic landscape are draws and geographically isolated wetlands. Using LiDAR, aerial imagery, and ground-penetrating radar, this …


The Degree Gini Index Of Several Classes Of Random Trees And Their Poissonized Counterparts—Evidence For Duality, Carly Domicolo, Panpan Zhang, Hosam Mahmoud Oct 2022

The Degree Gini Index Of Several Classes Of Random Trees And Their Poissonized Counterparts—Evidence For Duality, Carly Domicolo, Panpan Zhang, Hosam Mahmoud

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


A Cluster Structure On The Coordinate Ring Of Partial Flag Varieties, Fayadh Kadhem Oct 2022

A Cluster Structure On The Coordinate Ring Of Partial Flag Varieties, Fayadh Kadhem

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The main goal of this dissertation is to show that the (multi-homogeneous) coordinate ring of a partial flag variety C[G/P_K^−] contains a cluster algebra for every semisimple complex algebraic group G. We use derivation properties and a canonical lifting map to prove that the cluster algebra structure A of the coordinate ring C[N_K] of a Schubert cell constructed by Goodearl and Yakimov can be lifted, in an explicit way, to a cluster structure \hat{A} living in the coordinate ring of the corresponding partial flag variety. Then we use a minimality condition to prove that the cluster algebra \hat{A} is equal …


Controlling Electro-Magnetic Functionality Of Ruthenates By Heterostructure Design, Zeeshan Ali Oct 2022

Controlling Electro-Magnetic Functionality Of Ruthenates By Heterostructure Design, Zeeshan Ali

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Perovskite oxides (ABO3) show wide range of functionalities originating from interplay of structural, spin, charge, and orbital degrees of freedoms. The bulk perovskite structure could be controlled via conventional chemical substitution, though exploiting heterostructure engineering novel ground states could be observed which otherwise are absent in bulk. In this thesis, the interest is to explore the electro-magnetic phenomena as complex oxides are confined in heterostructures.

I first investigate electromagnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial ruthenate: SrRuO3 (SRO); spatially confined between SrTiO3 (STO) i.e., STO5-SROn-STO5 with n = 1- and 2-unit cells. It …


A Sharp Rate Of Convergence In The Functional Central Limit Theorem With Gaussian Input, S.V. Lototsky Oct 2022

A Sharp Rate Of Convergence In The Functional Central Limit Theorem With Gaussian Input, S.V. Lototsky

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Quantization Of The Free Poisson Central Limit Theorem, Yungang Lu Oct 2022

Quantization Of The Free Poisson Central Limit Theorem, Yungang Lu

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Quantization Of The Boolean Poisson Central Limit Theorem And A Generalized Boolean Bernoulli Sequence, Yungang Lu Sep 2022

Quantization Of The Boolean Poisson Central Limit Theorem And A Generalized Boolean Bernoulli Sequence, Yungang Lu

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


A First-Passage Problem For Exponential Integrated Diffusion Processes, Mario Lefebvre Sep 2022

A First-Passage Problem For Exponential Integrated Diffusion Processes, Mario Lefebvre

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Resonant Plasmonic–Biomolecular Chiral Interactions In The Far-Ultraviolet: Enantiomeric Discrimination Of Sub-10 Nm Amino Acid Films, Tiago Ramos Leite, Lin Zschiedrich, Orhan Kizilkaya, Kevin M. Mcpeak Sep 2022

Resonant Plasmonic–Biomolecular Chiral Interactions In The Far-Ultraviolet: Enantiomeric Discrimination Of Sub-10 Nm Amino Acid Films, Tiago Ramos Leite, Lin Zschiedrich, Orhan Kizilkaya, Kevin M. Mcpeak

Faculty Publications

Resonant plasmonic–molecular chiral interactions are a promising route to enhanced biosensing. However, biomolecular optical activity primarily exists in the far-ultraviolet regime, posing significant challenges for spectral overlap with current nano-optical platforms. We demonstrate experimentally and computationally the enhanced chiral sensing of a resonant plasmonic–biomolecular system operating in the far-UV. We develop a full-wave model of biomolecular films on Al gammadion arrays using experimentally derived chirality parameters. Our calculations show that detectable enhancements in the chiroptical signals from small amounts of biomolecules are possible only when tight spectral overlap exists between the plasmonic and biomolecular chiral responses. We support this conclusion …


Domain Of Exotic Laplacian Constructed By Wiener Integrals Of Exponential White Noise Distributions, Luigi Accardi, Un Cig Ji, Kimiaki Saitô Aug 2022

Domain Of Exotic Laplacian Constructed By Wiener Integrals Of Exponential White Noise Distributions, Luigi Accardi, Un Cig Ji, Kimiaki Saitô

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Computational Imaging For Shape Understanding, Yuqi Ding Aug 2022

Computational Imaging For Shape Understanding, Yuqi Ding

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Geometry is the essential property of real-world scenes. Understanding the shape of the object is critical to many computer vision applications. In this dissertation, we explore using computational imaging approaches to recover the geometry of real-world scenes. Computational imaging is an emerging technique that uses the co-designs of image hardware and computational software to expand the capacity of traditional cameras. To tackle face recognition in the uncontrolled environment, we study 2D color image and 3D shape to deal with body movement and self-occlusion. Especially, we use multiple RGB-D cameras to fuse the varying pose and register the front face in …


The Construction And Estimation Of Hidden Semi-Markov Models, Kurdstan Abdullah, John Van Der Hoek Jul 2022

The Construction And Estimation Of Hidden Semi-Markov Models, Kurdstan Abdullah, John Van Der Hoek

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Thermodynamics Of A Stochastic Geometry Model With Applications To Non-Extensive Statistics, O.K. Kazemi, A. Pourdarvish, J. Sadeghi Jul 2022

The Thermodynamics Of A Stochastic Geometry Model With Applications To Non-Extensive Statistics, O.K. Kazemi, A. Pourdarvish, J. Sadeghi

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


2-Dimensional String Problems: Data Structures And Quantum Algorithms, Dhrumilkumar Patel Jul 2022

2-Dimensional String Problems: Data Structures And Quantum Algorithms, Dhrumilkumar Patel

LSU Master's Theses

The field of stringology studies algorithms and data structures used for processing strings efficiently. The goal of this thesis is to investigate 2-dimensional (2D) variants of some fundamental string problems, including \textit{Exact Pattern Matching} and \textit{Longest Common Substring}.

In the 2D pattern matching problem, we are given a matrix $\M[1\dd n,1\dd n]$ that consists of $N = n \times n$ symbols drawn from an alphabet $\Sigma$ of size $\sigma$. The query consists of a $ m \times m$ square matrix $\PP[1\dd m, 1\dd m]$ drawn from the same alphabet, and the task is to find all the locations of $\PP$ …


Scheduling Many-Task Computing Applications For A Hybrid Cloud, Shifat Perveen Mithila Jul 2022

Scheduling Many-Task Computing Applications For A Hybrid Cloud, Shifat Perveen Mithila

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A centralized scheduler can become a bottleneck for placing the tasks of a many-task application on heterogeneous cloud resources. Previously, it was demonstrated that a decentralized vector scheduling approach based on performance measurements can be used successfully for this task placement scenario. In this dissertation, we extend this approach to task placement based on latency measurements. Each node collects performance metrics from its neighbors on an overlay graph, measures the communication latency, and then makes local decisions on where to move tasks. We present a decentralized and a centralized algorithm for configuring the overlay graph based on latency measurements and …


Quantization Of The Poisson Type Central Limit Theorem (1), Yungang Lu Jul 2022

Quantization Of The Poisson Type Central Limit Theorem (1), Yungang Lu

Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Control And Planning For Mobile Manipulators Used In Large Scale Manufacturing Processes, Joshua T. Nguyen Jul 2022

Control And Planning For Mobile Manipulators Used In Large Scale Manufacturing Processes, Joshua T. Nguyen

LSU Master's Theses

Sanding operations in industry is one of the few manufacturing tasks that has yet to achieve automation. Sanding tasks require skilled operators that have developed a sense of when a work piece is sufficiently sanded. In order to achieve automation in sanding with robotic systems, this developed sense, or intelligence, that human operators have needs to be understood and implemented in order to achieve, at the minimum, the same quality of work. The system will also need to have the equivalent reach of a human operator and not be constrained to a single, small workspace. This thesis developed solutions for …


On A Relation Between Ado And Links-Gould Invariants, Nurdin Takenov Jul 2022

On A Relation Between Ado And Links-Gould Invariants, Nurdin Takenov

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis we consider two knot invariants: Akutsu-Deguchi-Ohtsuki(ADO) invariant and Links-Gould invariant. They both are based on Reshetikhin-Turaev construction and as such share a lot of similarities. Moreover, they are both related to the Alexander polynomial and may be considered generalizations of it. By experimentation we found that for many knots, the third order ADO invariant is a specialization of the Links-Gould invariant. The main result of the thesis is a proof of this relation for a large class of knots, specifically closures of braids with five strands.