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Full-Text Articles in Diseases

A Brief Overview Of Triple A Syndrome, Jamaal Khan Jan 2023

A Brief Overview Of Triple A Syndrome, Jamaal Khan

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

Triple A Syndrome, also known as AAA Syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by any mutation in the AAAS gene on chromosome 12q13, whose main function is to code for the WD-repeat family regulatory protein, ALADIN. It typically occurs as a group of diseases that are characterized by alacrima, Addison's disease, and achalasia. Alacrima can be defined by a decrease in the amount of tears produced while achalasia is nerve damage in the esophagus that can cause difficulty swallowing. Lastly, Addison's disease is the insufficient production of cortisol and aldosterone produced by the adrenal cortex. There is no …


Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong Jan 2023

Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

We report rare case of an octogenarian who, after years of diagnostic delay, was found to have a patent foramen ovale, and due to an ascending aortic aneurysm that anatomically facilitated right-to-left shunt, presenting with life-threatening cyanotic attacks. The characteristic orthodeoxia-platypnea syndrome and high alveolar arterial gradient hint to the diagnosis. She was eventually treated successfully with urgent percutaneous PFO closure. Routine ordering of a transthoracic echocardiogram, without agitated saline injection under provocation maneuvers, may not be sufficient to rule out shunts.


Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan Jan 2023

Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Channelopathies are the leading causes of SCD in patients without structural heart disease. Missing the diagnosis of high-risk but concealed channelopathies could have lethal clinical consequences. However, the diagnosis of channelopathies is often challenging due to the dynamic clinical presentations and elusive ECG manifestations of these diseases. An integrated approach including clinical assessment, repeated electrocardiography, drug provocation tests, exercise stress test and genetic studies is often required for establishing the diagnosis. Pharmacological provocation tests may have limited sensitivity and may be associated with false positive results. Wide-spread use of genetic studies are limited by low yield, cost-effectiveness and availability issue. …


Retrospective Observational Study Comparing Two Reperfusion Strategies In Patients With Acute Stemi Presenting Outside Office Hours, Derek Pok-Him Lee, Kam-Tim Chan, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Eric Chi-Yuen Wong Jan 2023

Retrospective Observational Study Comparing Two Reperfusion Strategies In Patients With Acute Stemi Presenting Outside Office Hours, Derek Pok-Him Lee, Kam-Tim Chan, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Eric Chi-Yuen Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Introduction : A pilot cluster-based 24-hour PPCI service in a phased expansion program was launched in October 2018. This study aimed to compare the 30-day mortality and major bleeding event in acute STEMI patients presenting outside office hours who received historical thrombolytic therapy and PPCI under the newly implemented 24-hour service model. Methods and results : A single center retrospective study was conducted on consecutive STEMI patients presenting outside office hours, who received urgent thrombolytic therapy or PPCI between 2016-2019. The primary endpoints were 30-day mortality and major bleeding event. The secondary endpoints were thrombolytic failure rate and hospital length …


The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun Kwong, Kwok Ho Yau, Eugene Sin, Kwok Keung Chan Jan 2023

The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun Kwong, Kwok Ho Yau, Eugene Sin, Kwok Keung Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background: Coronary artery disease is common in patients with renal insufficiency. In acute coronary syndrome, impaired renal function is present in approximately 30-40% of patients and is associated with worse prognosis. Local data regarding the risks and benefits for those patients suffering from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is scarce. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients suffering from STEMI with and without renal insufficiency upon admission who underwent PPCI.

Methods: From 1st January 2009 to 30th September 2017, all patients with STEMI treated with PPCI were identified. The primary …


Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv Jan 2023

Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate effects of perioperative dexamethasone on hospital length of stay (LOS) and glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We performed retrospective case review of THA performed in adults (≥ 18 years old) with type 2 diabetes at Springfield Memorial Hospital (Springfield, IL) immediately before (2013), during (2014), and after (2015) publication of consensus guidelines for use of perioperative dexamethasone. Hospital LOS was the primary endpoint. Capillary blood glucose by hospital day, proportion of patients treated with insulin, and median insulin dose by hospital day …


Understanding Quality Of Life In Patients With Acute Leukemia, A Global Survey, Zack Pemberton-Whiteley, Samantha Nier, Jan Geissler, Sophie Wintrich, Bregje Verhoeven, Rita O. Christensen, Sam Salek, Esther Natalie Oliva, Tatyana Ionova, Jennie Bradley Jan 2023

Understanding Quality Of Life In Patients With Acute Leukemia, A Global Survey, Zack Pemberton-Whiteley, Samantha Nier, Jan Geissler, Sophie Wintrich, Bregje Verhoeven, Rita O. Christensen, Sam Salek, Esther Natalie Oliva, Tatyana Ionova, Jennie Bradley

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The Acute Leukemia Advocates Network (ALAN) sought to determine which factors are most associated with poor quality of life (QoL) in patients with acute leukemia and to determine key issues and unmet needs through administration of an online survey distributed worldwide via partner patient organizations.

Methods: ALAN developed a questionnaire informed by literature review and based extensively on the hematological malignancy-specific patient-reported outcomes (HM-PRO) measure to assess the impact of acute leukemia on QoL and its relationships with patients’ demographics, disease state, disease impact, and support from health care professionals. Univariate and multivariable statistical analysis was used to investigate …


Treatment Outcome Of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study, Nishant S. Saxsenaa, Amrita Srivastavaa, Madhu Yadav, S.K. Kanaujia, H.K. Gautama, Shalani Tripathia, Shaleem Khana, Tripti Agrwala Jan 2023

Treatment Outcome Of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study, Nishant S. Saxsenaa, Amrita Srivastavaa, Madhu Yadav, S.K. Kanaujia, H.K. Gautama, Shalani Tripathia, Shaleem Khana, Tripti Agrwala

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Introduction Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis is an acute fungal infection characterized by fungal hyphal invasion of blood vessels resulting in thrombosis and infarction of the nasal, paranasal sinus, orbital, and cerebral tissues. Patients and methods This was a retrospective study conducted on 80 patients with biopsy-proven mucormycosis. The study was carried out in the Mucormycosis Ward of a Tertiary Care Medical College and Hospital during a period of 6 months from May 2021 to October 2021. Results Among 80 patients, 50 (62.5%) were males and 37 (37.5. %) were females. Of the patients, 53.75% were in the age group of 51–70 years. …


Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb Jan 2023

Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

No abstract provided.


Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa Jan 2023

Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Qat (also known as Khat, Kat, Miraa) is a green plant Catha edulis planted mainly in East and South Africa, and The Arabian Peninsula. It is widely and traditionally consumed by people in some regions. It has general effects on different systems such as cardiovascular and nervous system. Local effects were mainly described in the oral cavity such as periodontitis and white keratotic lesions. Scarce studies proved its relationship with cancer development. To date, there is a literature gap in reporting other local manifestations. In this study, the authors discuss additional local manifestations noted with chronic qat chewing. Aim …


Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed Jan 2023

Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Middle turbinate lateralization (MTL) is the most common undesirable sequela after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), which can result in recurrent sinusitis. Objectives To examine the efficacy and outcomes of different techniques to prevent failure of the primary surgery. Patients and methods Eighty patients who presented with chronic rhinosinusitis listed for FESS were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided randomly into two groups, with 40 patients each. In group A, middle turbinate (MT) was stabilized by adhesion technique, and in group B, MT was stabilized via suture technique. A comparison of the effectiveness and the outcomes of both …


Topical Application Versus Intraturbinate Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A In The Treatment Of Noninfectious Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Naslshah G. Kazem, Mohamed A. Elsaid, Aya L. Hassan, Abdelrahman A. Abdelalim Jan 2023

Topical Application Versus Intraturbinate Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A In The Treatment Of Noninfectious Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Naslshah G. Kazem, Mohamed A. Elsaid, Aya L. Hassan, Abdelrahman A. Abdelalim

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Chronic rhinosinusitis is a very common disorder caused by chronic inflammation or irritation of nasal mucosa. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical application of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) compared with intraturbinate injection for the treatment of noninfectious chronic rhinosinusitis. Patients and methods This prospective comparative study was carried out on 30 patients with noninfectious chronic rhinosinusitis. Patients were divided randomly into two groups. BTX-soaked merocel was applied topically in group A (topical group), which included 15 patients. Intraturbinate BTX injection was applied in group B (injected group), which included …


Review Of First 60 Pituitary Adenoma Cases Of A Skull Base Team, One Center Experience, Osama Hassan, Mohamed Fatthallah, Mohamed El Mallawany Jan 2023

Review Of First 60 Pituitary Adenoma Cases Of A Skull Base Team, One Center Experience, Osama Hassan, Mohamed Fatthallah, Mohamed El Mallawany

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoid approach of pituitary gland is being effectively replacing microscopic approach. This approach need a lot of training and stepwise learning to reach perfection. This study discuss the experience and pitfalls of an evolving skull base team in one institute. Aim of the work: Analysis of first sixty pituitary adenomas patients operated by an evolving skull base teams in one institute, and highlighting modifications introduced in their technique. Methodology: This is a retrospective analytical study of the medical records of first 60 pituitary adenoma patients who had presented to one center and had endoscopic trans-nasal trans-sphenoidal approach …


Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb Jan 2023

Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Aim An increasing number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases have started to experience unusual symptoms to the virus such as olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions. The study aimed to compare the effects of early corticosteroids (CS) administration versus no administration in the time-to-recovery from olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19. Patients and methods This comparative, nonrandomized study has been conducted at Benha University Hospital and another Primary Health Center in Cairo, Egypt, from January 2021 to June 2021. A total of 83 patients who have met the inclusion criteria were assigned into two groups: early-CS group (41 cases) and no-CS group (42 …


Evaluating The Association Between Depressive Symptoms And Glycemic Control Among Residents Of Rural Appalachia, Brittany L. Smalls, Adebola Adegboyega, Ellen Combs, Eli W. Travis, Felipe De La Barra, Lovoria B. Williams, Nancy Schoenberg Jan 2023

Evaluating The Association Between Depressive Symptoms And Glycemic Control Among Residents Of Rural Appalachia, Brittany L. Smalls, Adebola Adegboyega, Ellen Combs, Eli W. Travis, Felipe De La Barra, Lovoria B. Williams, Nancy Schoenberg

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a range of co-morbid physical and psychological conditions, including depression. Yet there is a dearth of evidence regarding the prevalence of depression among those in Appalachia living with T2DM; this gap persists despite the higher regional prevalence of T2DM and challenging social determinants of health.

Purpose: This study aimed to provide greater detail about the relationships between T2DM and depressive symptoms in adults living in Appalachia Kentucky.

Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data derived from an ongoing study of Appalachia Kentucky adults living with T2DM. Outcome …


African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner Jan 2023

African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner

The Qualitative Report

This study examined the attitudes held by both African Americans and Caucasians regarding colorectal cancer screening and the reasons why they avoid screenings even when clinically indicated by their physicians. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and easily preventable types of cancer in the United States. If diagnosed and treated early prior to metastasis, the five-year colorectal cancer survival rate is approximately 90%. However, many patients avoid screening procedures for colorectal cancer due to a number of reasons. Qualitative data was gathered from focus groups and found four major themes that emerged in both groups: (1) reported …


The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu Jan 2023

The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent cervical and other HPV-associated cancers attributable to vaccine-associated HPV types. However, HPV vaccination coverage among women aged 9–18 years old is low in China. Common barriers include poor financial affordability, minimal public engagement, and low confidence in domestically produced HPV vaccines. Pay-it-forward offers an individual a free or subsidized service then an opportunity to voluntarily donate and/or create a postcard message to support future people. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of pay-it-forward as compared to standard-of-care self-paid vaccination to improve HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls aged 15–18 years, who are …


Reliability Of Hand-Held Dynamometry For Measuring Force Production In People With Parkinson’S Disease, Matthew Boom, Elisabeth Preston, Renee Salmon, Louise Ada, Allyson Flynn Jan 2023

Reliability Of Hand-Held Dynamometry For Measuring Force Production In People With Parkinson’S Disease, Matthew Boom, Elisabeth Preston, Renee Salmon, Louise Ada, Allyson Flynn

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have impaired force production, which is associated with decreased mobility and falls risk. Reliable measurement of force production is important. Design: A repeated-measures, intra- and inter-rater reliability study was undertaken. Participants: 24 people with mild PD were measured by one or two raters. Outcome measures: Isometric force of the major upper and lower limb muscle groups was measured using hand-held dynamometry. Results: Fourteen participants were measured by the same rater on two occasions to determine intra-rater reliability. Ten participants were measured on two occasions by two different raters to determine …


Emotional Eating And Diet-Related Self-Efficacy, Motivation, And Norms In Adolescents, Tyler Mason, Rachel Dayag, Anna Dolgon-Krutolow, Kathy Lam, Diana Zhang, Vivienne Hazzard, Kathryn Smith Jan 2023

Emotional Eating And Diet-Related Self-Efficacy, Motivation, And Norms In Adolescents, Tyler Mason, Rachel Dayag, Anna Dolgon-Krutolow, Kathy Lam, Diana Zhang, Vivienne Hazzard, Kathryn Smith

Health Behavior Research

The objective of the current study was to examine the association between emotional eating and self-efficacy, motivation, and social norms for consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) and energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods and beverages, as well as interactions with body mass index-z score (BMI-z). Adolescents completed self-report measures of demographics, emotional eating, and dietary health behavior theory constructs. Emotional eating was associated with lower self-efficacy for consumption of F/V and for limiting EDNP foods/beverages; greater motivation for limiting of EDNP foods/beverages; lower social norms for consumption of F/V; and greater social norms for consumption of EDNP foods/beverages. There were no …


Targeting The Cerebrovasculature In Sepsis: A Focus On The Brain Microvascular Endothelium, Divine C. Nwafor Jan 2023

Targeting The Cerebrovasculature In Sepsis: A Focus On The Brain Microvascular Endothelium, Divine C. Nwafor

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a critical interface between the systemic circulation and the brain. It is a specialized multicellular unit composed of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), pericytes, a basement membrane, and astrocytic end foot processes. BMECs are a principal component of the BBB that provide the structural framework needed for the stringent transport of molecules into the brain. BMEC dysfunction permits the trafficking of neurotoxins from systemic circulation into the brain, which ultimately exacerbates BBB dysfunction and neuroinflammation. Studies have shown that BBB dysfunction is a key determinant of cognitive decline in sepsis. However, there are critical knowledge …


Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman Dnp, Elizabeth Thomas Ms, Heather Greene Mph, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller Md, Susann Varano Md Jan 2023

Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman Dnp, Elizabeth Thomas Ms, Heather Greene Mph, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller Md, Susann Varano Md

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Publications

Importance The international phase 3 EMPOWUR trial demonstrated efficacy and safety of vibegron, a newer b3-adrenergic receptor agonist, in adults with overactive bladder (OAB). Women are disproportionately affected by OAB, especially those with bothersome symptoms, such as urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Objective This subgroup analysis from EMPOWUR assessed efficacy and safety of vibegron in women. Study Design In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomized 5:5:4 to 12 weeks of treatment with once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4-mg extended release. Efficacy end points included change from baseline at week 12 in mean daily number of micturitions, UUI episodes, and …


Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang Jan 2023

Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background and objectives: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio represents a universally accessible value that correlates with inflammation and prognosis in several disease states; however, the role of this biomarker in sickle cell disease remains poorly explored. Hence, the objective of the present study was to determine its potential clinical utility in patients with sickle cell disease.

Patients: Herein, we retrospectively reviewed 143 patients with sickle cell disease who presented to the emergency department with fever and painful vaso-occlusive crisis.

Results: The examined cohort had a prevalence of 11% confirmed bacterial infection, with approximately two-thirds reporting the use of hydroxyurea. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio …


A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz Jan 2023

A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz

School of Communication Studies - Faculty Scholarship

This systematic literature review was conducted to provide insights into how online readers’ comments have been studied in the context of health over a 10-year span. About 593 studies published between 2010 and 2020; of these, 34 met the research criteria for inclusion. Our findings reveal that 60% of the studies focused on the United States, and a qualitative method was used in 74.3% of these studies. About 23.5% of the studies explored vaccine-related issues. Our results reveal that among the selected studies, 76.5% and 20.6% had female and male first authors, respectively. Textual analysis of abstracts shows that the …


Clinicodemographic And Laboratory Characteristics Of Cutaneous Tuberculosis At Tertiary Referral Hospital In West Java, Indonesia, Anisa Sediadini, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah Dec 2022

Clinicodemographic And Laboratory Characteristics Of Cutaneous Tuberculosis At Tertiary Referral Hospital In West Java, Indonesia, Anisa Sediadini, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease affecting the skin caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). It constitutes 1–1.5% of extrapulmonary TB, with Indonesia being the third-highest TB burden country worldwide. Cutaneous TB is difficult to diagnose due to its varied presentations. This study aimed to describe the clinicodemographic and laboratory characteristics of cutaneous TB in a tertiary referral hospital in West Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the medical record of patients with cutaneous TB in the Tropical Dermatology Clinic of Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, West Java, …


Clinicodemographic Characteristics Of Cutaneous Larva Migrans: A 10-Year Study In Tertiary Referral Hospital-West Java, Indonesia, Tuesi Fredella Avissa, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah Dec 2022

Clinicodemographic Characteristics Of Cutaneous Larva Migrans: A 10-Year Study In Tertiary Referral Hospital-West Java, Indonesia, Tuesi Fredella Avissa, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is the most common helminthic dermatosis caused by animal hookworm, commonly reported in tropical and subtropical regions. Most studies are on travellers returning from endemic areas, paradoxically very few reports in endemic countries, including Indonesia, where they mostly take place. This study aimed to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of CLM patients for 10 years in a tertiary referral hospital in West Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. The data were obtained from the medical record of patients who was diagnosed as CLM in Tropical Dermatology Clinic Hasan …


The Difference In Transepidermal Water Loss (Tewl) Values Between Sun-Exposed And Non-Sun-Exposed Skin Among Male Medical Students, Ihsany Arafiasetyanto Prihadi, Endra Yustin Ellistasari, Arie Kusumawardani Dec 2022

The Difference In Transepidermal Water Loss (Tewl) Values Between Sun-Exposed And Non-Sun-Exposed Skin Among Male Medical Students, Ihsany Arafiasetyanto Prihadi, Endra Yustin Ellistasari, Arie Kusumawardani

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL) is the amount of water released from the human body into the atmosphere through a diffusion process per unit of time. Changes in TEWL indicate impaired skin barrier function. Exposure to ultraviolet light for an extended period can cause photoaging, characterized by rough and dry skin (xerosis cutis). TEWL will increase significantly in the skin exposed to ultraviolet radiation. This study aims to determine the difference in the TEWL values among male medical students in the sun-exposed and non-sun-exposed skin areas.

Methods: An analytical observational cross-sectional study was conducted at the Dermatology and …


Risk Factors For Hiv-Positive Status In Condyloma Acuminata, Izazi Hari Purwoko, Putri Laksmi Karim, Suroso Adi Nugroho, Theresia Toruan, Fitriani . Dec 2022

Risk Factors For Hiv-Positive Status In Condyloma Acuminata, Izazi Hari Purwoko, Putri Laksmi Karim, Suroso Adi Nugroho, Theresia Toruan, Fitriani .

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Condyloma acuminata (CA) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), especially types 6 and 11. The number of HPV infections increases in immunosuppressed conditions, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Risk factors in CA patients such as gender, sexual partner, sexual orientation, and sexual intercourse can increase HIV status.

Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study with a cohort retrospective design. The subjects are all CA patients who visited the polyclinic STI Dr. Mohammad Hoesin, General Hospital, Palembang, Indonesia, between 2016-2020. The number of CA patients included in the study were 115 patients …


Seborrheic Keratosis Profile At Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital Bandung 2015-2019, Eva Krishna Sutedja, Resti Gradia, Tri Aswila Latifah Dec 2022

Seborrheic Keratosis Profile At Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital Bandung 2015-2019, Eva Krishna Sutedja, Resti Gradia, Tri Aswila Latifah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is adults’ most prevalent benign skin tumor. SK originates from the proliferation of keratinocyte cells with varying morphology and degree of pigmentation. The lesions often resemble other types of malignancy. There are still many discrepancies in SK in Indonesia; hence, SK needs further understanding. This study aimed to describe the profile of seborrheic keratosis cases based on age, sex, location of lesions, and therapy at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital, Bandung, for five years

Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study with total sampling. Secondary data were collected from medical records of SK …


Correlation Between Serum 25 Hydroxy-Vitamin D Levels And The Worst Pain Intensity In Postherpetic Neuralgia, Wizar Putri Mellaratna, Nelva K. Jusuf, Ariyati Yosi Dec 2022

Correlation Between Serum 25 Hydroxy-Vitamin D Levels And The Worst Pain Intensity In Postherpetic Neuralgia, Wizar Putri Mellaratna, Nelva K. Jusuf, Ariyati Yosi

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is persistent pain in the affected dermatome that occurs more than three months after the eruption of the herpes zoster has disappeared. Vitamin D has a role in Schwann cell regeneration and stimulates the release of nerve growth factors.

Methods: Blood sampling was performed to test serum 25(OH)D levels. Patients filled out their worst pain intensity using the Zoster Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire. The score was reported in Likert score (0-10), 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating the most severe pain. Spearman correlation test was used, and p 0.05) and PHN durations (p …


Torch Re-Activation Concomitant With Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome Shows Erythema Multiforme-Like And Vasculitis Clinical Features, Windy Keumala Budianti, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Izzah Aulia, Isaak Effendy Dec 2022

Torch Re-Activation Concomitant With Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome Shows Erythema Multiforme-Like And Vasculitis Clinical Features, Windy Keumala Budianti, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Izzah Aulia, Isaak Effendy

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) can be associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, besides induced by drugs. We report a case of DIHS with prolonged atypical clinical features and vasculitis precipitated by drug allergy, CMV, and other viral infections.

Case illustration: A 54-year-old female presented with generalized follicular erythematous papules and waxy palmoplantar keratoderma since one month before admission. The symptoms started as a purpuric lesion on the upper extremities, spreading as erythematous papules on the trunk with facial edema, accompanied by fever and chronic cough. She had been previously treated with ambroxol and cephalosporin. Cutaneous drug allergy reaction …