Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2021

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 21007

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Body Posture Evaluation Of Dental Specialty Groups And Risk Of Developing Musculoskeletal Disorders, Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Naser Hashemi-Nejad Dec 2021

Body Posture Evaluation Of Dental Specialty Groups And Risk Of Developing Musculoskeletal Disorders, Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Naser Hashemi-Nejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Adopting correct body postures is extremely essential in preventing future musculoskeletal disorders in Dentists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the body posture of general and specialist dentists to find awkward body postures, badly postured body parts and the risk of developing future MSDs. Methods: Stratified sampling method was used to recruit 224 dentists in Kerman and Mashhad. The most frequently adopted body posture was selected and based on Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method, scores were given to the angulation of different body parts. T-test and ANOVA test were performed to analyze the data. Results: …


The Relationship Of Facial Measurements With The Mesiodistal Width Of The Maxillary Anterior Teeth, Nur Ilyana Aifa Aziz, Nadia Che Mohd, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Aiemeeza Rajali, Tong Wah Lim, Su Keng Tan, Rohana Ahmad Dec 2021

The Relationship Of Facial Measurements With The Mesiodistal Width Of The Maxillary Anterior Teeth, Nur Ilyana Aifa Aziz, Nadia Che Mohd, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Aiemeeza Rajali, Tong Wah Lim, Su Keng Tan, Rohana Ahmad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The relationship between facial measurements and the size of the maxillary anterior teeth in the Malaysian population is still a point of contention. Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish a relationship between facial measurements and the mesiodistal width of the maxillary anterior teeth (MDW), which could be used to guide the selection of anterior teeth for complete denture construction. Methods: The facial and dental measurements were obtained directly from 170 Malay adults aged between 19 to 35 who had morphologically normal permanent maxillary anterior teeth from canine to canine. The facial dimensions measured were interpupillary distance (IPD), …


Gender Differences In Academic Productivity Within Pediatric Dentistry Departments In Turkey, Basak Kiziltan Eliacik, Meltem Karahan Dec 2021

Gender Differences In Academic Productivity Within Pediatric Dentistry Departments In Turkey, Basak Kiziltan Eliacik, Meltem Karahan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To investigate the differences in the academic productivity of male and female academicians from the departments of pediatric dentistry in the Faculties of Dentistry in Turkey. Methods: A search was made of international studies indexed in PubMed published up until January 2021 by a total of 241 academicians in the Departments of Pediatric Dentistry of 79 Faculties of Dentistry in Turkey. The total number of international publications for each faculty member was obtained from the institutional websites and thorough searches of PubMed and Web of Science. H-index and the number of citations were established through an advanced search of …


Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman Dec 2021

Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent oral health problems in Indonesia that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. Porphyromonas gingivalis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Alternative therapy with natural plant extracts, including pineapple (Ananas comosus) hump extract may inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Objective: To determine the effect of pineapple hump extract on bacterial growth and adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms. Method: The bacterial inhibition test was performed by the agar well diffusion method, and biofilm density measurements were made using the biofilm assay method. Results: Pineapple hump …


Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi Dec 2021

Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi

Journal of Bioresource Management

Lithium is a relevant mood-stabilizing agent that is used in the management of depressive and manic episodes in bipolar, disorder; however, its application may cause diverse side effects including oxidative stress. This work investigated the neuroprotective and anti-stress activity of Ulva lactuca extract (MEUL) against lithium induced neuronal toxicity in rats. Lithium (2 g/kg) was administered in diets with or without MEUL (250 mg/kg BW by gavage) for 90 days. Lithium induced oxidative stress lead to an elevation in lipid peroxidation and oxidation protein product levels, a reduced superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase activities, glutathione, and ascorbic acid concentrations in brain. …


Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş Dec 2021

Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Hybrid ceramics combine the beneficial properties of resin with the advantage of glass ceramics. However, there are limited study about on roughness properties of hybrid materials. Objective: To investigate of the effects of surface finishing methods on roughness of dental restorations made from hybrid CAD/CAM blocks. Methods: A total of 60 samples were produced (n=20) for three main material groups, two different hybrid ceramic (LAVA Ultimate and VITA Enamic) and a conventional glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). Each material group was divided into two subgroups (n=10). Ten samples were polished and 10 were glazed according to related manufacturer instructions. Surface …


The Challenges Of Diagnosis And Management Of Suspectedautoimmune Hepatitis In A 34-Year-Old Woman With Periodicparalysis And Graves’ Disease, Yeni Larasati, C. Singgih Wahono Dec 2021

The Challenges Of Diagnosis And Management Of Suspectedautoimmune Hepatitis In A 34-Year-Old Woman With Periodicparalysis And Graves’ Disease, Yeni Larasati, C. Singgih Wahono

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Periodic paralysis hypokalemia is a muscle weakness that can be caused by hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease. The prevalence reaches 10% of patients with periodic paralysis hypokalemia with symptoms of thyrotoxicosis. Graves’ disease is an immune system disorder that can cause other organ dysfunction, such as autoimmune hepatitis. Currently, the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis is still a challenge for clinicians due to limited supporting examination facilities, such as SMA, AMA, anti-LKM-1. This article discusses a case of a 34-year-old woman with limb weakness for 3 months, losing 4 kg of weight in 1 month, often feeling hungry, restless, having trouble …


Intense Pulsed Light (Ipl) As Adjuvant Therapy For Acne Vulgaris: A Case Series, Widyaningsih Oentari, Angie Regina Sutrisno, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Khairina Nasution Dec 2021

Intense Pulsed Light (Ipl) As Adjuvant Therapy For Acne Vulgaris: A Case Series, Widyaningsih Oentari, Angie Regina Sutrisno, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Khairina Nasution

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicle with polymorphic clinical manifestation typically found on facial, neck and/or back area. The pathogenesis is complex and multifactorial. Management of acne vulgaris is determined based on its severity. Adjuvant therapies, such as intense pulsed light (IPL), have been described in accelerating the healing process during treatment.
Case Illustration: We report two cases regarding the usage of IPL as adjuvant therapy in acne vulgaris. Both patients were diagnosed with moderate acne vulgaris. The first patient was given topical adapalene 0.1% gel every night and sunscreen in the …


Acknowledgment Of Culture And Stereotypes: Black Participants’ Perceptions Of Specific Therapist Behaviors, Tsotso T. Ablorh Dec 2021

Acknowledgment Of Culture And Stereotypes: Black Participants’ Perceptions Of Specific Therapist Behaviors, Tsotso T. Ablorh

Graduate Masters Theses

Mental health disparities for Black people of diverse ethnicities compared to people of other racial identities has been well-documented (Alegría et al., 2008; Maura & Weisman de Mamani, 2017). Research addressing this pervasive systemic and interpersonal problem often focuses on client-related factors that create or intensify barriers to care. However clinician-related factors (i.e., racial identity, multicultural training, implicit biases, behavior, etc.) also have a significant impact on barriers to care, retention in therapy, and clinical outcomes for people of African descent (Larrison & Schoppelrey, 2011; Owen, Imel, Adelson, & Rodolfa, 2012). Researchers suggest that the favoring of historically white perspectives, …


Developing A Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs In Elderly Nursing Home: A Brief Descriptive Analysis, Melinda Harini, Dosmaria Dosmaria, Herry Herry, Lisa Emilda, Listyani Herman, Nelfidayani Nelfidayani, Putu K. Mahardini, Shynta D. Hantogo, Widya Meiliana, Ikhsan Johnson, Peggy Peggy, Wanarani Aries, Widjajalaksmi Kusumaningsih, Luh K. Wahyuni Dec 2021

Developing A Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs In Elderly Nursing Home: A Brief Descriptive Analysis, Melinda Harini, Dosmaria Dosmaria, Herry Herry, Lisa Emilda, Listyani Herman, Nelfidayani Nelfidayani, Putu K. Mahardini, Shynta D. Hantogo, Widya Meiliana, Ikhsan Johnson, Peggy Peggy, Wanarani Aries, Widjajalaksmi Kusumaningsih, Luh K. Wahyuni

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

The need for rehabilitation services in nursing homes (NH) for the elderly is increasing each year, and this need is fulfilled both with ordinary clinical rehabilitation center visits, as well as community-based rehabilitation (CBR) inside the facility. However, a proper situation analysis is needed to establish a well-delivered CBR program in the NH, a niche to be fulfilled in this study. This study used a descriptive measurement and cross-sectional design to target the elderly who are living in the NHs. Consecutive sampling was done in the largest NH in Jakarta, in Cipayung District. Participants who were dependently ambulated were assessed …


Private And Federated Deep Learning: System, Theory, And Applications For Social Good, Han Hu Dec 2021

Private And Federated Deep Learning: System, Theory, And Applications For Social Good, Han Hu

Dissertations

During the past decade, drug abuse continues to accelerate towards becoming the most severe public health problem in the United States. The ability to detect drug­abuse risk behavior at a population scale, such as among the population of Twitter users, can help to monitor the trend of drug­abuse incidents. However, traditional methods do not effectively detect drug­abuse risk behavior in tweets, mainly due to the sparsity of such tweets and the noisy nature of tweets. In the first part of this dissertation work, the task of classifying tweets as containing drug­abuse risk behavior or not, is studied. Millions of public …


Hydrophobically Modified Isosorbide Dimethacrylates As Biomaterials For Bisphenol A Free Dental Fillings, Bilal Marie Dec 2021

Hydrophobically Modified Isosorbide Dimethacrylates As Biomaterials For Bisphenol A Free Dental Fillings, Bilal Marie

Dissertations

Amalgam and Bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate (BisGMA) are the main dental filling materials in use today. Because of the negative perception of amalgam and its lower esthetic appeal, as well as the desire to replace the endocrine disruptor Bisphenol A, which is the building block of BisGMA, there has been a critical need to search for safer alternatives to these dental filling materials.

Isosorbide is a sugar-based molecule generally recognized as safe. It has been extensively studied as a replacement to the Bisphenol A core in various materials. However, isosorbide is extremely hygroscopic, and water uptake in dental fillings causes …


Usf Jamovi Tutorial Project: Open Education Resource, Aline Hitti, Saera Khan Dec 2021

Usf Jamovi Tutorial Project: Open Education Resource, Aline Hitti, Saera Khan

USF OER Faculty Grant

Jamovi is an open source free software that USF staff, faculty and student can download to carry out any statistical analyses. The current report summarizes the progress made on an Open Education Resource Grant funded project, which aimed to created Jamovi tutorials. In this report, student feedback and faculty reaction are summarized after one semester of using the tutorials created.


2021-12-31_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2021

2021-12-31_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Syndromic Surveillance System Data

The Syndromic Surveillance System Data report was obtained from Michigan's COVID-19 dashboard, from under the link "​Coronavirus Symptoms": https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was updated three times a week on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.

Syndromic Surveillance System data is obtained from approximately 216 facilities participating in syndromic surveillance (139 Emergency Departments (ED), 77 Urgent Care) across the State of Michigan. The reporting is based on individuals who present at EDs and may not be representative of the overall population. The coronavirus-like symptoms query searches visit free-text (chief complaint, …


Swallowing Exercisesin Enforcing And Augmenting Suprahyoid Muscles To Improve Dysphagia And Upper Esophageal Sphincter Dysfunction For Stroke Patients: A Systematic Reviewarticle, Heng-An Yeh, Yu-Jen Chen Dec 2021

Swallowing Exercisesin Enforcing And Augmenting Suprahyoid Muscles To Improve Dysphagia And Upper Esophageal Sphincter Dysfunction For Stroke Patients: A Systematic Reviewarticle, Heng-An Yeh, Yu-Jen Chen

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Dysphagia often occurs in stroke patients, who may present oral, pharynx, and upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction, including insufficient chewing and stirring bolus ability, poor pharyngeal contraction, pharynx to upper esophageal sphincter incoordination, and relaxation of the upper esophageal sphincter. Insufficient opening of the upper esophageal sphincter is an obstacle for moving a bolus from the pharynx to the esophagus. In addition to provide swallowing training, most of the treatments for upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction are invasive. However, several non-invasive swallowing exercises have been published with the aim of treating upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction. The purpose of this article is to …


Exuberant Arytenoid Edema Following Gore-Tex Thyroplasty, Mopileola Tomi Adewumi, Eli Bress, Robert T Sataloff Dec 2021

Exuberant Arytenoid Edema Following Gore-Tex Thyroplasty, Mopileola Tomi Adewumi, Eli Bress, Robert T Sataloff

Otolaryngology (ENT) Resident Research

Arytenoid edema is not a well-described complication of thyroplasty. We report a case of exuberant arytenoid edema following thyroplasty in a 33-year-old female. The diagnosis was made post-operative day 1, the patient was immediately started on a 6-day course of methylprednisone with voice rest. The arytenoid edema completely resolved within 1 week.


Comparative Analytical Study Of Phytochemicals In Selected Antidiabetic Medicinal Plant Seeds In Sri Lanka, Gowri Rajkumar, Mihiri Rangika Jayasinghe, Vinotha Sanmugarajah Dec 2021

Comparative Analytical Study Of Phytochemicals In Selected Antidiabetic Medicinal Plant Seeds In Sri Lanka, Gowri Rajkumar, Mihiri Rangika Jayasinghe, Vinotha Sanmugarajah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Medicinal plants are universally used in the management of various diseases in different medical practices. A varied diversity of compounds extracted from plants may show anticancer, antibacterial, and antidiabetic activities. Comparative laboratory studies and scientific approach of efficacy related to phytochemicals found in medicinal plants in Sri Lanka have not been reported yet. This study aims to evaluate the phytochemicals in selected four different plant seeds such as Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh, Trigonella foenum-graecum L. and Nigella sativa L., which are used in the management of diabetes mellitus in Sri Lanka. The ethanol extracts of …


A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher Dec 2021

A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher

Journal of Bioresource Management

This review article has attempted to analyze the folk utility of important medicinal plants having valuable secondary metabolites used for the treatment of a variety of diseases. It is estimated that two-thirds of the total medicinal plants are used for the treatment of various diseases. Some medicinal plants are known for great antioxidant properties. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress in cells. Antioxidants are useful for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancers. This review article discloses the naturally occurring antioxidants and their sources. Medicinal plants with such a high potential of antioxidants have been part of folk medicine over …


Reversal Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Associated With High-Intensity Interval Training Promoting Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Heart Failure Patients, Hsien-Te Chu, Tieh-Cheng Fu, Jong-Shyan Wang, Chih-Chin Hsu Dec 2021

Reversal Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Associated With High-Intensity Interval Training Promoting Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Heart Failure Patients, Hsien-Te Chu, Tieh-Cheng Fu, Jong-Shyan Wang, Chih-Chin Hsu

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

This study was designed to explore the high-intensity interval training (HIIT) effects on cardiorespiratory fitness as well as the reversal of left ventricle (LV) remodeling, and association between them in heart failure (HF) patients. We included HF patients under our HF care program between 2009 and 2018. The 17 HF patients enrolled in the study were further divided into in-hospital supervised HIIT (n=8) or medical care (control) (n=9) groups according to their preference. All participants underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) examination and a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) before the exercise intervention or medical care. The HIIT participants had 36 …


The Health Insurance Resources Utilization And Rehabilitation Intervention In Patients With Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study, Pao Huang, Jen-Hung Wang, Chih-Cheng Fan, Po-Ting Chen, Chung-Chao Liang Dec 2021

The Health Insurance Resources Utilization And Rehabilitation Intervention In Patients With Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study, Pao Huang, Jen-Hung Wang, Chih-Cheng Fan, Po-Ting Chen, Chung-Chao Liang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Spinal cord injury is associated with a substantial and long-term economic burden on both the patients and the national health insurance. Due to the advancements in medical techniques, the mortality rate of patients with spinal cord injury has decreased. Moreover, as the life expectancy has increased in Taiwan, patients with spinal cord injury may need long-term rehabilitation to restore their functions of daily living and prevent further complications. Nonetheless, long-term rehabilitation would increase the economic burden on the long-term care facilities, as expected. This study aimed to analyze the impact (from admission to 3-year follow-up after discharge) of medical expenses …


Enhancing Healthcare Professional Practice In The Philippines Toward Asean Integration Through The Continuing Professional Development Law, Kevin T. Crispino, Ian Christopher N. Rocha Dec 2021

Enhancing Healthcare Professional Practice In The Philippines Toward Asean Integration Through The Continuing Professional Development Law, Kevin T. Crispino, Ian Christopher N. Rocha

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

The Republic Act 10912, otherwise known as the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Act of 2016, was passed into law to promote and upgrade the practice of healthcare professions in the Philippines. Since the establishment of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC), CPD has been considered an area of development through which Filipino professionals are trained to become globally competitive. The Philippine government upholds several agreements made among ASEAN member-states, including recognizing professionals in every ASEAN country, facilitating the mobility of professions within the region, exchanging expertise on standards and qualifications, promoting best practices, and providing valuable …


Swallowing Rehabilitation Of Dysphagia In Parkinson Disease: Recent Advances And Recommendations, Chin-Man Wang, Yih-Ru Wu, Tyng-Guey Wang Dec 2021

Swallowing Rehabilitation Of Dysphagia In Parkinson Disease: Recent Advances And Recommendations, Chin-Man Wang, Yih-Ru Wu, Tyng-Guey Wang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Dysphagia is common in Parkinson disease (PD). Dysphagia may affect quality of life in the early stage of PD and can cause dehydration, malnutrition, or even result in pneumonia and mortality in the late stage. Accordingly, management of dysphagia is a crucial issue in PD. Clinicians and researchers should spend more effort developing sensitive evaluation tools and effective intervention strategies for dysphagia in PD. In the early stage of disease, the Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire, Münich Dysphagia Test for Parkinson’s Disease questionnaire, or noninvasive tools involving surface electromyography or sensors should be used to detect subtle or mild dysphagia. In the …


Biologic Tnf-Α Inhibitors Reduce Microgliosis, Neuronal Loss, And Tau Phosphorylation In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Tauopathy, Weijun Ou, Joshua Yang, Juste Simanauskaite, Matthew Choi, Demi M. Castellanos, Rudy Chang, Jiahong Sun, Nataraj Jagadeesan, Karen D. Parfitt, David H. Cribbs, Rachita K. Sumbria Dec 2021

Biologic Tnf-Α Inhibitors Reduce Microgliosis, Neuronal Loss, And Tau Phosphorylation In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Tauopathy, Weijun Ou, Joshua Yang, Juste Simanauskaite, Matthew Choi, Demi M. Castellanos, Rudy Chang, Jiahong Sun, Nataraj Jagadeesan, Karen D. Parfitt, David H. Cribbs, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays a central role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology, making biologic TNF-α inhibitors (TNFIs), including etanercept, viable therapeutics for AD. The protective effects of biologic TNFIs on AD hallmark pathology (Aβ deposition and tau pathology) have been demonstrated. However, the effects of biologic TNFIs on Aβ-independent tau pathology have not been reported. Existing biologic TNFIs do not cross the blood–brain barrier (BBB), therefore we engineered a BBB-penetrating biologic TNFI by fusing the extracellular domain of the type-II human TNF-α receptor (TNFR) to a transferrin receptor antibody (TfRMAb) that ferries the TNFR into the brain via …


Applying The Pzb Model In Evaluating The Service Quality Of Rehabilitation In A Rural Local Hospital, Guan-Bo Chen, I-Hisu Liou, Hui-Wen Lu, Chien-Hui Li, Ssu-Yu Chen, Sheng-Hui Tuan Dec 2021

Applying The Pzb Model In Evaluating The Service Quality Of Rehabilitation In A Rural Local Hospital, Guan-Bo Chen, I-Hisu Liou, Hui-Wen Lu, Chien-Hui Li, Ssu-Yu Chen, Sheng-Hui Tuan

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Background: Previous studies on rehabilitation have rarely focused on the medical service quality. Not to mention studies about the medical service quality of rehabilitation in the rural public hospital. The expectations and needs of the patients and their caregivers should be emphasized. We applied the concept of Parsuraman,-Zeithaml,-Berry (PZB) service quality gap model and expected zone of tolerance to determine the difference in the medical service quality between the expectations and satisfaction of patients and their caregivers who received rehabilitation in a rural local public hospital in southern Taiwan. Methods: We used a 30-item structured questionnaire, modified from the 22- …


Poststroke Swallowing Rehabilitation And Recent Development, Shu-Fen Sun, Ping-Hsin Chang, Chien-Wei Hsu, I-Hsiu Liou Dec 2021

Poststroke Swallowing Rehabilitation And Recent Development, Shu-Fen Sun, Ping-Hsin Chang, Chien-Wei Hsu, I-Hsiu Liou

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Dysphagia is a common poststroke complication. It is associated with aspiration, malnutrition, dehydration, and disability, and it may increase the risk of pneumonia, and even death. Early diagnosis and treatment of patients with dysphagia reduces not only the aforementioned risks, but also the length of hospitalization and overall healthcare expenditures. Patients with poststroke oropharyngeal dysphagia exhibit highly variable patterns of swallowing abnormalities, and the related symptoms remain challenging to identify clinically. Patients who have experienced stroke should be screened for dysphagia as early as possible on admission and prior to any form of oral intake. Those who fail dysphagia screening …


Neural Correlates Of Syntactic Comprehension: A Longitudinal Study, Shannon M. Sheppard, Erin L. Meier, Kevin T. Kim, Bonnie L. Breining, Lynsey M. Keator, Bohao Tang, Brian Caffo, Argye E. Hillis Dec 2021

Neural Correlates Of Syntactic Comprehension: A Longitudinal Study, Shannon M. Sheppard, Erin L. Meier, Kevin T. Kim, Bonnie L. Breining, Lynsey M. Keator, Bohao Tang, Brian Caffo, Argye E. Hillis

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Broca’s area is frequently implicated in sentence comprehension but its specific role is debated. Most lesion studies have investigated deficits at the chronic stage. We aimed (1) to use acute imaging to predict which left hemisphere stroke patients will recover sentence comprehension; and (2) to better understand the role of Broca’s area in sentence comprehension by investigating acute deficits prior to functional reorganization. We assessed comprehension of canonical and noncanonical sentences in 15 patients with left hemisphere stroke at acute and chronic stages. LASSO regression was used to conduct lesion symptom mapping analyses. Patients with more severe word-level comprehension deficits …


Hiv Viral Suppression Among People Living With Hiv On Antiretroviral Therapy In Haut-Katanga And Kinshasa Provinces Of Democratic Republic Of Congo, Gulzar H. Shah, Lievain Maluantesa, Gina D. Etheredge, Kristie C. Waterfield, Osaremhen Ikhile, Roger Beni, Elodie Engetele, Astrid Mulenga Dec 2021

Hiv Viral Suppression Among People Living With Hiv On Antiretroviral Therapy In Haut-Katanga And Kinshasa Provinces Of Democratic Republic Of Congo, Gulzar H. Shah, Lievain Maluantesa, Gina D. Etheredge, Kristie C. Waterfield, Osaremhen Ikhile, Roger Beni, Elodie Engetele, Astrid Mulenga

Department of Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections and less-than-optimal care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) continue to challenge public health and clinical care organizations in the communities that are most impacted by HIV. In the era of evidence-based public health, it is imperative to monitor viral load (VL) in PLHIV according to global and national guidelines and assess the factors associated with variation in VL levels. Purpose: This study had two objectives—(a) to describe the levels of HIV VL in persons on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and (b) to analyze the significance of variation in VL by patients’ demographic and clinical characteristics, …


Social Media Usage And Transitioning Into Online Classes During Covid-19- A Survey Of Undergraduate Students In Georgia, United States, Sylvia Ofori, Janet Choongo, Mario Kekop, Gulzar H. Shah, Haresh Rochani, Joseph Telfair Dec 2021

Social Media Usage And Transitioning Into Online Classes During Covid-19- A Survey Of Undergraduate Students In Georgia, United States, Sylvia Ofori, Janet Choongo, Mario Kekop, Gulzar H. Shah, Haresh Rochani, Joseph Telfair

Department of Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Previous studies on the use of social media (SM) during the COVID-19 pandemic have focused on the use in sustaining academic communication. This study aimed to assess the association between SM and the ease of transitioning to online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic using survey data from 872 undergraduate students. The findings showed that Snapchat and Instagram were the most preferred social media sites among participants. Compared to students who use SM for <2 hours a day, use for > 5 hours (AOR= 2.44; 95% CI, 1.13 – 5.25) or 3 to 5 hours a day (AOR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.06-3.81) increased the odds of easily …


Comparison Of Surface Roughness And Microhardness Of Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cements And Microhybrid Composite, Seda Nur Karakaş, Hacer Turgut, Cihan Küden Dec 2021

Comparison Of Surface Roughness And Microhardness Of Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cements And Microhybrid Composite, Seda Nur Karakaş, Hacer Turgut, Cihan Küden

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare high viscosity glass ionomer cement (HVGIC), giomer and microhybrid composite using the atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Vickers microhardness. Methods: Three different restorative materials Equia Forte (HVGIC), Beautifil II (giomer) and Solare X (microhybrid composite) were used in this study. A total of 30 samples were prepared, 10 of each of the restorative materials used in our study. Samples were prepared using standard cylindrical Teflon molds with a diameter of 8 mm and a height of 2 mm. The measurements of surface roughness and hardness were performed by using AFM and …


The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman Dec 2021

The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Candida albicans has a number of properties, including resistance to various antimicrobial agents, which allow it to survive in the root canals. Lactobacillus reuteri plays a role in maintaining oral health through interactions with the oral microbiome. L. reuteri has potential as a preventive and therapeutic agent against inflammatory diseases. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of irrigation with a reuterin-containing solution on BCR1, ACE2, EFG1, and TEC1 gene expression in C. albicans root canal biofilms. Methods: L. reuteri was cultured in MRS broth and incubated anaerobically for 24 hours at 37°C. C. albicans was …