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2021

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Chemistry Of Refined Oils & Its Adverse Effects On Human Health, Sangeetha Lawrence Mathews Dec 2021

Chemistry Of Refined Oils & Its Adverse Effects On Human Health, Sangeetha Lawrence Mathews

Interscience Management Review

Refined edible oils or vegetable oils are manmade oils in which many harmful Petrochemicals are used for refining purposes. Refined oils are not heated stable they degrade to harmful toxic byproducts on heating them for a long time (ex: deep-frying). Most of the plant-based vegetable oils or actually seed oils are high in unsaturated fats and when they are heated up to their smoking point, they tend to oxidize, and generate free radicals, and also change the chemical composition of the oil, and at this stage, it becomes more harmful to our health when we consume it or even inhale ...


Hydrophobically Modified Isosorbide Dimethacrylates As Biomaterials For Bisphenol A Free Dental Fillings, Bilal Marie Dec 2021

Hydrophobically Modified Isosorbide Dimethacrylates As Biomaterials For Bisphenol A Free Dental Fillings, Bilal Marie

Dissertations

Amalgam and Bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate (BisGMA) are the main dental filling materials in use today. Because of the negative perception of amalgam and its lower esthetic appeal, as well as the desire to replace the endocrine disruptor Bisphenol A, which is the building block of BisGMA, there has been a critical need to search for safer alternatives to these dental filling materials.

Isosorbide is a sugar-based molecule generally recognized as safe. It has been extensively studied as a replacement to the Bisphenol A core in various materials. However, isosorbide is extremely hygroscopic, and water uptake in dental fillings causes ...


Private And Federated Deep Learning: System, Theory, And Applications For Social Good, Han Hu Dec 2021

Private And Federated Deep Learning: System, Theory, And Applications For Social Good, Han Hu

Dissertations

During the past decade, drug abuse continues to accelerate towards becoming the most severe public health problem in the United States. The ability to detect drug­abuse risk behavior at a population scale, such as among the population of Twitter users, can help to monitor the trend of drug­abuse incidents. However, traditional methods do not effectively detect drug­abuse risk behavior in tweets, mainly due to the sparsity of such tweets and the noisy nature of tweets. In the first part of this dissertation work, the task of classifying tweets as containing drug­abuse risk behavior or not, is ...


Usf Jamovi Tutorial Project: Open Education Resource, Aline Hitti, Saera Khan Dec 2021

Usf Jamovi Tutorial Project: Open Education Resource, Aline Hitti, Saera Khan

USF OER Faculty Grant

Jamovi is an open source free software that USF staff, faculty and student can download to carry out any statistical analyses. The current report summarizes the progress made on an Open Education Resource Grant funded project, which aimed to created Jamovi tutorials. In this report, student feedback and faculty reaction are summarized after one semester of using the tutorials created.


The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman Dec 2021

The Effect Of Parabiotic Reuterin On The Expression Of Genes Involved In Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation: An Ex Vivo Study, Anastasya Muna Riad, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Candida albicans has a number of properties, including resistance to various antimicrobial agents, which allow it to survive in the root canals. Lactobacillus reuteri plays a role in maintaining oral health through interactions with the oral microbiome. L. reuteri has potential as a preventive and therapeutic agent against inflammatory diseases. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of irrigation with a reuterin-containing solution on BCR1, ACE2, EFG1, and TEC1 gene expression in C. albicans root canal biofilms. Methods: L. reuteri was cultured in MRS broth and incubated anaerobically for 24 hours at 37°C. C. albicans ...


Body Posture Evaluation Of Dental Specialty Groups And Risk Of Developing Musculoskeletal Disorders, Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Naser Hashemi-Nejad Dec 2021

Body Posture Evaluation Of Dental Specialty Groups And Risk Of Developing Musculoskeletal Disorders, Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Naser Hashemi-Nejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Adopting correct body postures is extremely essential in preventing future musculoskeletal disorders in Dentists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the body posture of general and specialist dentists to find awkward body postures, badly postured body parts and the risk of developing future MSDs. Methods: Stratified sampling method was used to recruit 224 dentists in Kerman and Mashhad. The most frequently adopted body posture was selected and based on Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method, scores were given to the angulation of different body parts. T-test and ANOVA test were performed to analyze the data. Results: About ...


2021-12-31_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms.Pdf, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2021

2021-12-31_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms.Pdf, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Syndromic Surveillance System Data

The Syndromic Surveillance System Data report was obtained from Michigan's COVID-19 dashboard, from under the link "​Coronavirus Symptoms": https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was initially updated daily at 3p.m., Monday - Saturday, and then Tuesday and Fridays after 2021-07-02.

Syndromic Surveillance System data is obtained from approximately 183 facilities participating in syndromic surveillance (132 Emergency Departments (ED), 51 Urgent Cares) across the State of Michigan. The reporting is based on individuals who present at EDs and may not be representative of the overall population ...


A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher Dec 2021

A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher

Journal of Bioresource Management

This review article has attempted to analyze the folk utility of important medicinal plants having valuable secondary metabolites used for the treatment of a variety of diseases. It is estimated that two-thirds of the total medicinal plants are used for the treatment of various diseases. Some medicinal plants are known for great antioxidant properties. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress in cells. Antioxidants are useful for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancers. This review article discloses the naturally occurring antioxidants and their sources. Medicinal plants with such a high potential of antioxidants have been part of folk medicine over ...


Developing A Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs In Elderly Nursing Home: A Brief Descriptive Analysis, Melinda Harini, Dosmaria Dosmaria, Herry Herry, Lisa Emilda, Listyani Herman, Nelfidayani Nelfidayani, Putu K. Mahardini, Shynta D. Hantogo, Widya Meiliana, Ikhsan Johnson, Peggy Peggy, Wanarani Aries, Widjajalaksmi Kusumaningsih, Luh K. Wahyuni Dec 2021

Developing A Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs In Elderly Nursing Home: A Brief Descriptive Analysis, Melinda Harini, Dosmaria Dosmaria, Herry Herry, Lisa Emilda, Listyani Herman, Nelfidayani Nelfidayani, Putu K. Mahardini, Shynta D. Hantogo, Widya Meiliana, Ikhsan Johnson, Peggy Peggy, Wanarani Aries, Widjajalaksmi Kusumaningsih, Luh K. Wahyuni

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

The need for rehabilitation services in nursing homes (NH) for the elderly is increasing each year, and this need is fulfilled both with ordinary clinical rehabilitation center visits, as well as community-based rehabilitation (CBR) inside the facility. However, a proper situation analysis is needed to establish a well-delivered CBR program in the NH, a niche to be fulfilled in this study. This study used a descriptive measurement and cross-sectional design to target the elderly who are living in the NHs. Consecutive sampling was done in the largest NH in Jakarta, in Cipayung District. Participants who were dependently ambulated were assessed ...


Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi Dec 2021

Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi

Journal of Bioresource Management

Lithium is a relevant mood-stabilizing agent that is used in the management of depressive and manic episodes in bipolar, disorder; however, its application may cause diverse side effects including oxidative stress. This work investigated the neuroprotective and anti-stress activity of Ulva lactuca extract (MEUL) against lithium induced neuronal toxicity in rats. Lithium (2 g/kg) was administered in diets with or without MEUL (250 mg/kg BW by gavage) for 90 days. Lithium induced oxidative stress lead to an elevation in lipid peroxidation and oxidation protein product levels, a reduced superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase activities, glutathione, and ascorbic acid concentrations ...


Itraconazole Nanocomposites Prepared Via Rotary Evaporator Drying Of Nanomilled Suspensions, Alexander Santos Coelho Dec 2021

Itraconazole Nanocomposites Prepared Via Rotary Evaporator Drying Of Nanomilled Suspensions, Alexander Santos Coelho

Theses

The aim of this study is to explore the feasibility of rotary evaporation for drying wetmilled drug suspensions as a novel approach to produce drug nanocomposites that exhibit fast redispersion and immediate drug release. To this end, the physical stability of the nanomilled itraconazole (drug) suspensions, a.k.a., nanosuspensions, during the milling and storage; the drying of the itraconazole nanosuspensions via the rotary evaporator; and the type/loading of various polymers/surfactants (dispersants) on aqueous redispersion and drug release from the nanocomposites were examined. Our results suggest that smaller drug particle size, owing to nanomilling, and smaller nanocomposite particle ...


The Benefits Of Astaxanthin To Improve Pain Relief In Patients With Painful Diabetic Neuropathy: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial, Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Mary Rose Angelina Budi Harsana Dec 2021

The Benefits Of Astaxanthin To Improve Pain Relief In Patients With Painful Diabetic Neuropathy: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial, Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Mary Rose Angelina Budi Harsana

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Treatment of diabetic neuropathy is still carried out by providing symptomatic therapy, which only improves ± 50% of the total symptoms felt by patients, but does not tackle the underlying causes of the disease. Astaxanthin is a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic carotenoid that could be an additional treatment option. We aimed to measure the effectiveness of administering astaxanthin as an additional therapy to improve the impact of pain and discomfort experienced daily by diabetes mellitus patients with painful diabetic neuropathy. We conducted a randomized experimental study with an open label design of 36 patients who had been diagnosed with painful ...


Social Media Usage And Transitioning Into Online Classes During Covid-19- A Survey Of Undergraduate Students In Georgia, United States, Sylvia Ofori, Janet Choongo, Mario Kekop, Gulzar H. Shah, Haresh Rochani, Joseph Telfair Dec 2021

Social Media Usage And Transitioning Into Online Classes During Covid-19- A Survey Of Undergraduate Students In Georgia, United States, Sylvia Ofori, Janet Choongo, Mario Kekop, Gulzar H. Shah, Haresh Rochani, Joseph Telfair

Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Previous studies on the use of social media (SM) during the COVID-19 pandemic have focused on the use in sustaining academic communication. This study aimed to assess the association between SM and the ease of transitioning to online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic using survey data from 872 undergraduate students. The findings showed that Snapchat and Instagram were the most preferred social media sites among participants. Compared to students who use SM for <2 hours a day, use for > 5 hours (AOR= 2.44; 95% CI, 1.13 – 5.25) or 3 to 5 hours a day (AOR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.06-3.81) increased ...


Hiv Viral Suppression Among People Living With Hiv On Antiretroviral Therapy In Haut-Katanga And Kinshasa Provinces Of Democratic Republic Of Congo, Gulzar H. Shah, Lievain Maluantesa, Gina D. Etheredge, Kristie C. Waterfield, Osaremhen Ikhile, Roger Beni, Elodie Engetele, Astrid Mulenga Dec 2021

Hiv Viral Suppression Among People Living With Hiv On Antiretroviral Therapy In Haut-Katanga And Kinshasa Provinces Of Democratic Republic Of Congo, Gulzar H. Shah, Lievain Maluantesa, Gina D. Etheredge, Kristie C. Waterfield, Osaremhen Ikhile, Roger Beni, Elodie Engetele, Astrid Mulenga

Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections and less-than-optimal care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) continue to challenge public health and clinical care organizations in the communities that are most impacted by HIV. In the era of evidence-based public health, it is imperative to monitor viral load (VL) in PLHIV according to global and national guidelines and assess the factors associated with variation in VL levels. Purpose: This study had two objectives—(a) to describe the levels of HIV VL in persons on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and (b) to analyze the significance of variation in VL by patients’ demographic and clinical ...


Effect Of Propolis On Bone Quality And Cortical Bone Thickness Of Ovariectomized Female Wistar White Rats As A Model For Osteoporosis, Dian Ayu Juwita, Almahdy Ahmadin, Fitri Rachmaini, Rahmad Abdillah, Rosalia Medisa Fatma Dec 2021

Effect Of Propolis On Bone Quality And Cortical Bone Thickness Of Ovariectomized Female Wistar White Rats As A Model For Osteoporosis, Dian Ayu Juwita, Almahdy Ahmadin, Fitri Rachmaini, Rahmad Abdillah, Rosalia Medisa Fatma

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Estrogen deficiency increases the rate of osteoporosis, especially in menopausal women, by altering the bone tissue microarchitecture. Propolis has compounds that could be used as an alternative therapy to treat estrogen deficiency and to protect against bone damage. This study aims to determine the effect of propolis on bone quality and cortical bone thickness of femoral metaphysis in ovariectomized female Wistar white rats as a model for menopausal osteoporosis. The rats were divided into five groups: negative control group (not subjected to ovariectomy), sham group (subjected to ovariectomy), and treatment groups that were subjected to ovariectomy and given propolis orally ...


The Effect Of Pre-Extraction Preparation On Antioxidant Compounds Of Sauropus Androgynus (L.) Merr. Leaves Extracts, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Sofia Fatmawati, Zainal Arifin, Niken Cahyaningrum, Muhammad Arif Fauzan Dec 2021

The Effect Of Pre-Extraction Preparation On Antioxidant Compounds Of Sauropus Androgynus (L.) Merr. Leaves Extracts, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Sofia Fatmawati, Zainal Arifin, Niken Cahyaningrum, Muhammad Arif Fauzan

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. (Phyllanthaceae) is a green vegetable. It is rich in natural antioxidant compounds such as phenolics and flavonoids. The pre-extraction preparation can affect the results of extracting compounds from natural materials. This study aims to determine the effect of pre-extraction procedures, including sample form (fresh/dried), drying process (oven-drying/indirect sunlight-drying/air-drying), and particle size (ground/powdered) on total phenolic and flavonoid levels of ethanolic extracts of S. androgynus leaves and their antioxidant activity against DPPH radicals. S. androgynus leaves were extracted using the cold maceration method. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extract were ...


The Effect Of Heparinoid As Systemic Prophylactic Anticoagulants On Covid-19 Patient Mortality And Its Safety Profiles: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ariska Deffy Anggarany, Rani Sauriasari, Muhammad Alkaff, Famila Takhwifa, Hayatun Nufus, Diana Paramita Dec 2021

The Effect Of Heparinoid As Systemic Prophylactic Anticoagulants On Covid-19 Patient Mortality And Its Safety Profiles: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ariska Deffy Anggarany, Rani Sauriasari, Muhammad Alkaff, Famila Takhwifa, Hayatun Nufus, Diana Paramita

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Coagulopathy is one of the complications of COVID-19 and is associated with a higher risk of mortality. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulant therapy in various doses among COVID-19 patients is limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to review and explore the effect of using heparinoids as a systemic anticoagulant at prophylactic doses on mortality in COVID-19 patients. Systematic searches were conducted of various databases (Pubmed, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, Scopus, and ProQuest) covering the period 2019-2021. We assessed the quality of the articles using the STROBE checklist. Studies with a high risk of bias were excluded before ...


Comparative Analytical Study Of Phytochemicals In Selected Antidiabetic Medicinal Plant Seeds In Sri Lanka, Gowri Rajkumar, Mihiri Rangika Jayasinghe, Vinotha Sanmugarajah Dec 2021

Comparative Analytical Study Of Phytochemicals In Selected Antidiabetic Medicinal Plant Seeds In Sri Lanka, Gowri Rajkumar, Mihiri Rangika Jayasinghe, Vinotha Sanmugarajah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Medicinal plants are universally used in the management of various diseases in different medical practices. A varied diversity of compounds extracted from plants may show anticancer, antibacterial, and antidiabetic activities. Comparative laboratory studies and scientific approach of efficacy related to phytochemicals found in medicinal plants in Sri Lanka have not been reported yet. This study aims to evaluate the phytochemicals in selected four different plant seeds such as Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh, Trigonella foenum-graecum L. and Nigella sativa L., which are used in the management of diabetes mellitus in Sri Lanka. The ethanol extracts of ...


Comparison Of Surface Roughness And Microhardness Of Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cements And Microhybrid Composite, Seda Nur Karakaş, Hacer Turgut, Cihan Küden Dec 2021

Comparison Of Surface Roughness And Microhardness Of Reinforced Glass Ionomer Cements And Microhybrid Composite, Seda Nur Karakaş, Hacer Turgut, Cihan Küden

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare high viscosity glass ionomer cement (HVGIC), giomer and microhybrid composite using the atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Vickers microhardness. Methods: Three different restorative materials Equia Forte (HVGIC), Beautifil II (giomer) and Solare X (microhybrid composite) were used in this study. A total of 30 samples were prepared, 10 of each of the restorative materials used in our study. Samples were prepared using standard cylindrical Teflon molds with a diameter of 8 mm and a height of 2 mm. The measurements of surface roughness and hardness were performed by using AFM and ...


Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman Dec 2021

Antibacterial And Antibiofilm Efficacy Of Pineapple Hump (Ananas Comosus) On Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Vitro, Abdul Gani Soulissa, Billy Lombardo, Armelia Sari Widyarman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent oral health problems in Indonesia that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. Porphyromonas gingivalis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Alternative therapy with natural plant extracts, including pineapple (Ananas comosus) hump extract may inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Objective: To determine the effect of pineapple hump extract on bacterial growth and adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms. Method: The bacterial inhibition test was performed by the agar well diffusion method, and biofilm density measurements were made using the biofilm assay method. Results: Pineapple hump ...


Response To: A Telehealth Explosion: Using Lessons From The Pandemic To Shape The Future Of Telehealth Regulation, Joanna Sax Dec 2021

Response To: A Telehealth Explosion: Using Lessons From The Pandemic To Shape The Future Of Telehealth Regulation, Joanna Sax

Texas A&M Law Review

In A Telehealth Explosion: Using Lessons from the Pandemic to Shape the Future of Telehealth Regulation, published in the Texas A&M Law Review, Professor Deborah Farringer tackles the critical issue of the efficacy and implementation of telehealth, using our experience(s) of telehealth during the COVID–19 pandemic as the guide. This is important, as Professor Farringer acknowledges, because while telehealth advocates pre-date the pandemic, barriers prevented the implementation of telehealth in a widespread manner. These barriers included a concern about fraud and a question as to whether telehealth visits could provide effective outcomes compared to in-person visits. Professor ...


Gender Differences In Academic Productivity Within Pediatric Dentistry Departments In Turkey, Basak Kiziltan Eliacik, Meltem Karahan Dec 2021

Gender Differences In Academic Productivity Within Pediatric Dentistry Departments In Turkey, Basak Kiziltan Eliacik, Meltem Karahan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To investigate the differences in the academic productivity of male and female academicians from the departments of pediatric dentistry in the Faculties of Dentistry in Turkey. Methods: A search was made of international studies indexed in PubMed published up until January 2021 by a total of 241 academicians in the Departments of Pediatric Dentistry of 79 Faculties of Dentistry in Turkey. The total number of international publications for each faculty member was obtained from the institutional websites and thorough searches of PubMed and Web of Science. H-index and the number of citations were established through an advanced search of ...


Association Among Hscrp Levels, Bone Mineral Density, And Periodontal Parameters In Postmenopausal Women, Aastha Baldodia, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Aman Arora Dec 2021

Association Among Hscrp Levels, Bone Mineral Density, And Periodontal Parameters In Postmenopausal Women, Aastha Baldodia, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Aman Arora

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Association of Osteoporosis and periodontitis is well documented. Osteopenia being the initial state of bone loss prior to osteoporosis; finding its correlation with clinical attachment loss holds significance in the process of establishing early reduction in BMD as a risk factor for periodontitis. Objectives: The present cross sectional study aimed to explore the association of osteopenia with serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, and periodontal parameters in narrow age range postmenopausal (PM) women. Methods: 112 participants in this single centred cross sectional study were bifurcated into test group: osteopenic PM women [n=62], and control group: normal bone mineral ...


The Relationship Of Facial Measurements With The Mesiodistal Width Of The Maxillary Anterior Teeth, Nur Ilyana Aifa Aziz, Nadia Che Mohd, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Aiemeeza Rajali, Tong Wah Lim, Su Keng Tan, Rohana Ahmad Dec 2021

The Relationship Of Facial Measurements With The Mesiodistal Width Of The Maxillary Anterior Teeth, Nur Ilyana Aifa Aziz, Nadia Che Mohd, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Aiemeeza Rajali, Tong Wah Lim, Su Keng Tan, Rohana Ahmad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The relationship between facial measurements and the size of the maxillary anterior teeth in the Malaysian population is still a point of contention. Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish a relationship between facial measurements and the mesiodistal width of the maxillary anterior teeth (MDW), which could be used to guide the selection of anterior teeth for complete denture construction. Methods: The facial and dental measurements were obtained directly from 170 Malay adults aged between 19 to 35 who had morphologically normal permanent maxillary anterior teeth from canine to canine. The facial dimensions measured were interpupillary distance (IPD ...


Financial Implication Of Covid-19: A Story Of Malaysian Dental Practitioner, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Azlan Jaafar, Nurul Haini Najwa Mohamd Mahmod, Raja Nur Nabiha Raja Amir Hamzah Dec 2021

Financial Implication Of Covid-19: A Story Of Malaysian Dental Practitioner, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Azlan Jaafar, Nurul Haini Najwa Mohamd Mahmod, Raja Nur Nabiha Raja Amir Hamzah

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused series of lockdown in Malaysia which led to the significant financial impact to dental practitioner in Malaysia. Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate factors affecting dental practice and its implication to financial situation during the pandemic in Malaysia. Methods: Registered Malaysian dental practitioners were invited to participate in online questionnaire via google form. Descriptive and Pearson’s chi-square test analysis were conducted (p<0.05). Results: 468 of dental practitioners had responded to our survey. More than three-quarter of dental practitioners worked in government sectors while almost a quarter worked in private sectors ...


Management Of Severe Dento-Alveolar Traumatic Injuries In A 9-Year Old Boy: A Case Report, Elnaz Mousavi, Masoomeh Khoshdel, Hamidreza Sharifiyan Dec 2021

Management Of Severe Dento-Alveolar Traumatic Injuries In A 9-Year Old Boy: A Case Report, Elnaz Mousavi, Masoomeh Khoshdel, Hamidreza Sharifiyan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dentoalveolar traumas can lead to various injuries that may result in tooth loss. A suitable treatment plan and appropriate interventions should be performed to maintain the dental function and aesthetics, especially for the anterior teeth. Objective: To report the interventions performed on dentoalveolar trauma on a 9-years old male patient who presented with gingival immersion of the right maxillary central incisor and missing a tooth due to a falling accident. Case Report: The patient had multiple traumatic injuries. The medical and dental history was taken, and the clinical and radiologic examinations were performed. The patient underwent surgical intervention and splinting ...


Replacement Of Two Failed Indirect Restorations With Direct Bonded Restorations Using Minimally Invasive Strategy, Citra Kusumasari, Takashi Hatayama, Yasushi Shimada Dec 2021

Replacement Of Two Failed Indirect Restorations With Direct Bonded Restorations Using Minimally Invasive Strategy, Citra Kusumasari, Takashi Hatayama, Yasushi Shimada

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Deciding on what treatment (repair or replacement) to provide for a failed indirect restoration can be challenging. Notably, the strength of the residual tooth structure could be improved after replacing the failed indirect restoration using a minimally invasive strategy. Objective: To describe the use of a minimally invasive strategy for the successful clinical replacement of two failed indirect metal restorations with direct composite restorations and the attainment of bonded restoration. Case Report: Case 1. A 52-year-old male patient came to the dental hospital complaining of discomfort when drinking cold beverages and food impaction on the proximal area of the upper ...


Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş Dec 2021

Effects Of Different Finishing Procedures On Surface Roughness Of Hybrid Cad/Cam Materials, Ender Akan, Ozlem Colgecen, Ibrahim Talha Meşe, Bora Bağiş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Hybrid ceramics combine the beneficial properties of resin with the advantage of glass ceramics. However, there are limited study about on roughness properties of hybrid materials. Objective: To investigate of the effects of surface finishing methods on roughness of dental restorations made from hybrid CAD/CAM blocks. Methods: A total of 60 samples were produced (n=20) for three main material groups, two different hybrid ceramic (LAVA Ultimate and VITA Enamic) and a conventional glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). Each material group was divided into two subgroups (n=10). Ten samples were polished and 10 were glazed according to ...


Factors Associated With Mammographic Breast Density Among Women In Karachi Pakistan, Uzma Shamsi, Shaista Afzal Saeed, Azra Shamsi, Syed Iqbal Azam, David Callen Dec 2021

Factors Associated With Mammographic Breast Density Among Women In Karachi Pakistan, Uzma Shamsi, Shaista Afzal Saeed, Azra Shamsi, Syed Iqbal Azam, David Callen

Community Health Sciences

Background: There are no studies done to evaluate the distribution of mammographic breast density and factors associated with it among Pakistani women.
Methods: Participants included 477 women, who had received either diagnostic or screening mammography at two hospitals in Karachi Pakistan. Mammographic breast density was assessed using the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. In person interviews were conducted using a detailed questionnaire, to assess risk factors of interest, and venous blood was collected to measure serum vitamin D level at the end of the interview. To determine the association of potential factors with mammographic breast density, multivariable polytomous logistic ...


Enhancing Healthcare Professional Practice In The Philippines Toward Asean Integration Through The Continuing Professional Development Law, Kevin T. Crispino, Ian Christopher N. Rocha Dec 2021

Enhancing Healthcare Professional Practice In The Philippines Toward Asean Integration Through The Continuing Professional Development Law, Kevin T. Crispino, Ian Christopher N. Rocha

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

The Republic Act 10912, otherwise known as the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Act of 2016, was passed into law to promote and upgrade the practice of healthcare professions in the Philippines. Since the establishment of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC), CPD has been considered an area of development through which Filipino professionals are trained to become globally competitive. The Philippine government upholds several agreements made among ASEAN member-states, including recognizing professionals in every ASEAN country, facilitating the mobility of professions within the region, exchanging expertise on standards and qualifications, promoting best practices, and providing valuable ...