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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1425

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Timp-1 Expression Is Increased In X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy Despite Its Exclusion As A Candidate Gene, Caroline Zeiss, Gregory M. Acland, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Kunal Ray Dec 1998

Timp-1 Expression Is Increased In X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy Despite Its Exclusion As A Candidate Gene, Caroline Zeiss, Gregory M. Acland, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Kunal Ray

Gustavo D. Aguirre, VMD, PhD

X-linked progressive retinal atrophy (XLPRA) is the only known natural animal model for X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP), a blinding disorder in man. The tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase 1 gene (TIMP-1), present in close proximity to one of the two XLRPloci, was tested as a candidate for XLPRA, by first characterizing the cDNA and gene from a normal dog. The cloned canine TIMP-1 cDNA is predicted to encode a protein of 207 amino acids with 66–83% identity in the deduced aa sequence with homologous mammalian genes. No sequence difference in the coding sequence of  …


What's Happening: December 23, 1998, Maine Medical Center Dec 1998

What's Happening: December 23, 1998, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Parent Influences On Adolescent Peer Orientation And Substance Use: The Interface Of Parenting Practices And Values, Karen Bogenschneider, Ming-Yeh Wu, Marcela Raffaelli, Jenner C. Tsay Dec 1998

Parent Influences On Adolescent Peer Orientation And Substance Use: The Interface Of Parenting Practices And Values, Karen Bogenschneider, Ming-Yeh Wu, Marcela Raffaelli, Jenner C. Tsay

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

This study examines how experiences in the family domain may magnify or mitigate experiences in the peer domain, and how processes in both milieus may influence adolescent substance use. The data derived from 666 European American mother-adolescent dyads and 510 European American father-adolescent dyads. Consistent with individuation-connectedness theory, mothers’ responsiveness lessened their adolescents’ orientation to peers, which, in turn, reduced adolescent substance use. This process was moderated by maternal values regarding adolescent alcohol use; that is, the relation of maternal responsiveness to adolescent substance use depended on the extent of maternal approval or disapproval of adolescent alcohol use. Among fathers, …


The Guillain-Barre Syndrome And The 1992-1993 And 1993-1994 Influenza Vaccines, Tamar Lasky, Gina J. Terracciano, Laurence Magder, Carol Lee Koski, Michael Ballesteros, Denis Nash, Shelley Clarke, Penina Haber, Paul D. Stolley, Lawrence B. Schonberger, Robert T. Chen Dec 1998

The Guillain-Barre Syndrome And The 1992-1993 And 1993-1994 Influenza Vaccines, Tamar Lasky, Gina J. Terracciano, Laurence Magder, Carol Lee Koski, Michael Ballesteros, Denis Nash, Shelley Clarke, Penina Haber, Paul D. Stolley, Lawrence B. Schonberger, Robert T. Chen

Publications and Research

Background
The number of reports of influenza-vaccine-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome to the national Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System increased from 37 in 1992-1993 to 74 in 1993-1994, arousing concern about a possible increase in vaccine-associated risk.

Methods
Patients given a diagnosis of the Guillain-Barré syndrome in the 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 influenza-vaccination seasons were identified in the hospital-discharge data bases of four states. Vaccination histories were obtained by telephone interviews during 1995-1996 and were confirmed by the vaccine providers. Disease with an onset within six weeks after vaccination was defined as vaccine-associated. Vaccine coverage in the population was measured through a random-digit-dialing …


In The Affirmative, Vol.5, [No.11] (Mid-December 1998/Mid-January 1999), Mike Martin, The Aids Project Dec 1998

In The Affirmative, Vol.5, [No.11] (Mid-December 1998/Mid-January 1999), Mike Martin, The Aids Project

In the Affirmative

No abstract provided.


D'Oh! An Analysis Of The Medical Care Provided To The Family Of Homer J. Simpson, Robert Patterson, Charles Weijer Dec 1998

D'Oh! An Analysis Of The Medical Care Provided To The Family Of Homer J. Simpson, Robert Patterson, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Tractor Driver Killed In Overturn While Mowing, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1998

Tractor Driver Killed In Overturn While Mowing, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 44-year-old farm owner was killed when the tractor he was driving overturned. Using a rotary mower attached to a Ford 600 tractor, the farmer was mowing an area along the gravel road leading to his home in a very remote area of the county. On the east side was a fence and on the west a brush covered embankment. At the top of the seven-foot embankment was a sloping field that had been mowed earlier in the season. The tractor, having been purchased six weeks earlier, had undergone maintenance work but was not equipped with a Roll Over Protective …


Parental Grief Responses To Perinatal Loss, Lisa M. Peacock Dec 1998

Parental Grief Responses To Perinatal Loss, Lisa M. Peacock

Masters Theses

An exploratory, descriptive design was used to examine parental grief and coping responses to perinatal loss. Florence Selder's Life Transition Theory (1989) was used as the conceptual fiamework. A survey approach was used for data collection. This included basic demographic questions, the Perinatal Bereavement Scale and the Jalowiec Coping Scale. A convenience sample was obtained, consisting of 24 women and 6 men in northern Michigan communities who had experienced a perinatal loss at some time in the past. Data were collected by an anonymous mailed survey. The results of the study revealed that all parents in this sample did exhibit …


Sunday Times: Pig Blood May Replace Human Transfusions, Nick Newman, Cherry Norton Dec 1998

Sunday Times: Pig Blood May Replace Human Transfusions, Nick Newman, Cherry Norton

Vivian C. McAlister

Cartoon and news article regarding xenotransfusion research by Dr Vivian McAlister


How Pigs' Blood Could Save Lives: Canadian Study Could End Need For Human Donations, Allison Hanes, Randy Boswell Dec 1998

How Pigs' Blood Could Save Lives: Canadian Study Could End Need For Human Donations, Allison Hanes, Randy Boswell

Vivian C. McAlister

Dr. [Vivian McAlister] agrees that the risk of inter-species infection remains a key obstacle to producing safe pigblood products for people: "The most important thing is that the safety of this sort of thing has to be thoroughly assessed before any implementation. We're dealing more with the immunological barriers, not the infectious disease," he says of his research. "However, if the infectious risks were overcome, or they were understood, an animal source for blood donation" could revolutionize blood-supply services around the world, he says. Currently mired in a depressed pork market that is threatening to put many producers out of …


What's Happening: December 9, 1998, Maine Medical Center Dec 1998

What's Happening: December 9, 1998, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Factory Worker Caught In Overhead Conveyor While Hanging Transformers, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1998

Factory Worker Caught In Overhead Conveyor While Hanging Transformers, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Other

A 29-year-old male factory worker (the victim) died after his head became caught at the point where an overhead chain conveyor made contact with an idler, or pinwheel, that allowed the conveyor to make a 90-degree turn. The conveyor was over seven feet above the floor, but the victim, who was 6'7" tall, was standing on a platform that enabled him to reach the hooks on the conveyor to hang transformer canisters for delivery to a paint booth. No one saw the victim get caught at the nip point, but his supervisor heard him call out and immediately pushed the …


Factory Worker Entangled In Conveyor Belt Rollers, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1998

Factory Worker Entangled In Conveyor Belt Rollers, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Other

An 18-year-old male chop saw operator (the victim) died when his right arm became caught in the roller mechanism underneath a conveyor belt. He was pulled into the roller mechanism and suffered compressional asphyxia and blunt force injuries. The victim had left his usual work station for a break. When he did not return on time, his supervisor began to search for him. He saw the victim's legs hanging from the conveyor belt and immediately ran to him and shut off the power to the conveyor belt, radioing a guard to call for emergency medical services (EMS). He and another …


Tractor Operator Killed By Rotary Mower While Mowing Highway Right-Of-Way, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1998

Tractor Operator Killed By Rotary Mower While Mowing Highway Right-Of-Way, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 23-year-old male (the victim) was killed when he fell from the tractor he was operating and was run over by the attached rotary mower. The victim had been mowing near an interstate highway on-ramp at about 1:15 pm, when his right front tractor wheel hit a concrete drainage culvert, apparently jolting him off, into the path of the mower. Although he was working with a crew, none of his co-workers witnessed the event. A passing commercial truck driver saw the victim fall, pulled over, and called emergency medical services (EMS) on his cellular phone. EMS personnel arrived within minutes …


Lower Lip Numbness Due To Peri-Radicular Dental Infection, Wei Cheong Ngeow Dec 1998

Lower Lip Numbness Due To Peri-Radicular Dental Infection, Wei Cheong Ngeow

Wei Cheong Ngeow

Lower lip numbness has always been a sinister symptom. Much has been written about it being the sole symptom of pathological lesions and metastatic tumours in the mandible. It may also be a symptom of manifestations of certain systemic disorders. A case of lower lip numbness resulting from the compression of the mental nerve by a peri-radicular abscess is presented because of the unusual nature of this spread of infection.


Tropicalizando A Medicina [Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo Dec 1998

Tropicalizando A Medicina [Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Programs Of Assertive Community Treatment (Pact): A Critical Review, Tomi Gomory Dec 1998

Programs Of Assertive Community Treatment (Pact): A Critical Review, Tomi Gomory

Tomi Gomory

Advocates of Programs of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) make numerous claims for this intensive intervention program, including reduced hospitalization, overall cost, and clinical symptomatology, and increased client satisfaction, and vocational and social functioning. However, a reanalysis of the controlled experimental research finds no empirical support for any of these claims. Instead, there is evidence that the program is both coercive and potentially harmful. The current promotion of PACT appears to be based more on professional enthusiasm for the medical model than upon any benefit to the clients.


Yale Nurse: Yale School Of Nursing Newsletter, December, 1998, Yale University School Of Nursing Dec 1998

Yale Nurse: Yale School Of Nursing Newsletter, December, 1998, Yale University School Of Nursing

Yale School of Nursing Alumni Newsletters and Magazines

This issue features research at the School and the opening of an Office of Research and Policy.

Please contact the Yale Historical Medical Library if you need a higher resolution version.


The Use Of Emergency Contraception: College-Age Students' Knowledge And Attitudes, Dollie J. Cadden Dec 1998

The Use Of Emergency Contraception: College-Age Students' Knowledge And Attitudes, Dollie J. Cadden

MSN Research Projects

The emergency contraceptive pill is a method of postcoital contraception. The method, often called the morning after pill, is relatively unknown, both among potential users and some health care providers. Morning after pills are available at the health centers of many universities. Recently, proposals have appeared in the academic and popular press to expand the availability of emergency contraceptive pills. On college campuses, where many students risk becoming pregnant but where few pregnancies are wanted, there may be a considerable unmet need for expanded availability of emergency contraceptive pills. At this time, few studies have documented the prevailing knowledge, attitudes, …


Update - December 1998, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 1998

Update - December 1998, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- The Bible and Bioethics: Material, Method, and Metaphor


"And The Band Played On...", David A. Nash Dec 1998

"And The Band Played On...", David A. Nash

Oral Health Science Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Identification Of Domains And Competencies For Community Practice Occupational Therapy, Lisa Anne Werner Dec 1998

The Identification Of Domains And Competencies For Community Practice Occupational Therapy, Lisa Anne Werner

Masters Theses

Literature shows evidence of a shift in occupational therapy from traditional institutional settings to community-based settings. As increasing numbers of new and expert occupational therapists enter community-based practice, the need for competency identification for practice, education, and reimbursement becomes paramount. This qualitative research study sought to identify domains and competencies of community-based occupational therapy practice by interviewing three expert occupational therapists using the critical incident method in which each therapist described one therapeutic intervention with a client. This method, as seen in nursing studies (Benner, 1982, 1984), serves to elicit competencies embedded in expert practice. Thirty-nine competencies were described in …


Entry-Level Competencies Needed By Bsns In Acute Healthcare Agencies In Tennessee In The Next Ten Years, Marjorie S. King Dec 1998

Entry-Level Competencies Needed By Bsns In Acute Healthcare Agencies In Tennessee In The Next Ten Years, Marjorie S. King

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The research focused on the identification of entry-level competencies needed by Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) graduates who will begin employment in acute healthcare agencies in the next 10 years in Tennessee. The purpose of the study was to gain increased awareness of the competencies needed by graduates of BSN programs in Tennessee in order to meet the demands of the acute healthcare agencies, in light of present and anticipated changes in the healthcare delivery system. The opinions of nurse educators, nurse administrators, recently graduated BSNs, and experienced BSN graduates were solicited to assess congruency of perceptions. In addition, …


The Molecular Basis Of Cancer, Frank Gorga Dec 1998

The Molecular Basis Of Cancer, Frank Gorga

Bridgewater Review

After cardiovascular diseases, cancer is the second leading cause of death in America. Since 1990 over half a million Americans have died each year of some form of cance1; and the number and rate is still increasing. In 1970 approximately 17 percent of all deaths were attributed to cancer, while by 1995 the figure had risen to 24 percent. In her chilling book on the meaning of illness in America, Illness as Metaphor, Susan Sontag described cancer as the sickness of the American 20th century. Learning about cancer has become more than a useful chore for those who suffer from …


The Nature, Scope, And Consequences Of Drug And Alcohol Use Of Students Enrolled At Three Southern Appalachian Community Colleges, Jewel D. Morgan Dec 1998

The Nature, Scope, And Consequences Of Drug And Alcohol Use Of Students Enrolled At Three Southern Appalachian Community Colleges, Jewel D. Morgan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the nature, scope, and consequences of drug and alcohol use by students enrolled at three southern Appalachian community colleges: Mountain Empire Community College (MECC) in Virginia, Northeast State Technical Community College (NSTCC) in Tennessee, and Southwestern Community College (SCC) in North Carolina. An additional purpose was to use this information to formulate recommendations for new and improved preventive substance-abuse programs. The design for this study was descriptive research. The Core Alcohol and Drug Survey (CORE) was selected as the appropriate instrument for use in this study. The 23-item questionnaire was designed …


Epithelial Cell Invasion By Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans Strains From Restriction Fragment-Length Polymorphism Groups Associated With Juvenile Periodontitis Or Carrier Status, G. Lépine, S. Caudry, J. M. Dirienzo, R. P. Ellen Dec 1998

Epithelial Cell Invasion By Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans Strains From Restriction Fragment-Length Polymorphism Groups Associated With Juvenile Periodontitis Or Carrier Status, G. Lépine, S. Caudry, J. M. Dirienzo, R. P. Ellen

Departmental Papers (Dental)

The epithelial cell invasiveness of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains of different restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) groups associated with disease conversion and asymptomatic carrier status in localized juvenile periodontitis was examined. Twenty clinical isolates were studied for their ability to invade KB monolayers, using the quantitative gentamicin killing assay. Five isolates were found to be invasive; five were not invasive; and the other 10 did not invade better than an invasion negative control Haemophilus aphrophilus strain ATCC 19415. Using probe-specific DNA fingerprinting, 11 strains were assigned to RFLP group II (disease–associated); 4 to RFLP type XIII (carrier status-associated); and the others to …


Conserved Elements Containing Nf-E2 And Tandem Gata Binding Sites Are Required For Erythroid-Specific Chromatin Structure Reorganization Within The Human Beta-Globin Locus Control Region, Oded Pomerantz, Andrew J. Goodwin, Terrence Joyce, Christopher H. Lowrey Dec 1998

Conserved Elements Containing Nf-E2 And Tandem Gata Binding Sites Are Required For Erythroid-Specific Chromatin Structure Reorganization Within The Human Beta-Globin Locus Control Region, Oded Pomerantz, Andrew J. Goodwin, Terrence Joyce, Christopher H. Lowrey

Dartmouth Scholarship

Proper expression of the genes of the human β-globin gene locus requires the associated locus control region (LCR). Structurally, the LCR is defined by the presence of four domains of erythroid-specific chromatin structure. These domains, which have been characterized as DNase I hypersensitive sites (HSs), comprise the active elements of the LCR. The major focus of this research is to define the cis-acting elements which are required for the formation of these domains of unique chromatin structure. Our previous investigations on the formation of LCR HS4 demonstrated that NF-E2 and tandem, inverted GATA binding sites are required for the …


Identification And Characterization Of Spcu, A Chaperone Required For Efficient Secretion Of The Exou Cytotoxin, Viviane Finck-Barbançon, Timothy L. Yahr, Dara W. Frank Dec 1998

Identification And Characterization Of Spcu, A Chaperone Required For Efficient Secretion Of The Exou Cytotoxin, Viviane Finck-Barbançon, Timothy L. Yahr, Dara W. Frank

Dartmouth Scholarship

In recent studies, we have shown that Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains that are acutely cytotoxic in vitro damage the lung epithelium in vivo. Genetic analysis indicated that the factor responsible for acute cytotoxicity was controlled by ExsA and therefore was part of the exoenzyme S regulon. The specific virulence determinant responsible for epithelial damage in vivo and cytotoxicity in vitro was subsequently mapped to the exoU locus. The present studies are focused on a genetic characterization of the exoU locus. Northern blot analyses and complementation experiments indicated that a region downstream of exoU was expressed and that the expression of this …


Morphine-Conditioned Changes In Locomotor Activity: Role Of The Conditioned Stimulus, Rick A. Bevins, Michael T. Bardo Dec 1998

Morphine-Conditioned Changes In Locomotor Activity: Role Of The Conditioned Stimulus, Rick A. Bevins, Michael T. Bardo

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

When a multisensory environment was reliably paired with morphine (2 mg/kg) in rats, that environment, in a drug-free test, evoked a hyperactive conditioned response (CR). When an olfactory cue (banana odor) was the only stimulus element reliably paired with morphine, it also elicited a hyperactive CR. However, a gustatory cue (saccharin solution) evoked a hypoactive CR. This taste-elicited decrease in activity was dose dependent; morphine at 2 and 4 mg/kg conditioned hypoactivity, whereas a higher dose (8 mg/kg) did not. A robust conditioned saccharin aversion occurred only at the highest dose of morphine, suggesting disassociation between the hypoactive CR and …


Abnormal Laboratory Results As Presentation In Screening Test, V. Wiwanitkit Dec 1998

Abnormal Laboratory Results As Presentation In Screening Test, V. Wiwanitkit

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

No abstract provided.