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1997

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

What's Happening: December 24, 1997, Maine Medical Center Dec 1997

What's Happening: December 24, 1997, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


A Linkage Map Of The Canine Genome, Cathryn Mellersh, Amelia Langston, Gregory Acland, Melissa Fleming, Kunal Ray, Neil Weigand, Leigh Francisco, Mark Gibbs, Gustavo Aguirre, Elaine Ostrander Dec 1997

A Linkage Map Of The Canine Genome, Cathryn Mellersh, Amelia Langston, Gregory Acland, Melissa Fleming, Kunal Ray, Neil Weigand, Leigh Francisco, Mark Gibbs, Gustavo Aguirre, Elaine Ostrander

Gustavo D. Aguirre, VMD, PhD

A genetic linkage map of the canine genome has been developed by typing 150 microsatellite markers using 17 three-generation pedigrees, composed of 163 F2individuals. One hundred and thirty-nine markers were linked to at least one other marker with a lod score ≥ 3.0, identifying 30 linkage groups. The largest chromosome had 9 markers spanning 106.1 cM. The average distance between markers was 14.03 cM, and the map covers an estimated 2073 cM. Eleven markers were informative on the mapping panel, but were unlinked to any other marker. These likely represent single markers located on small, distinct canine chromosomes. This map …


Construction Of A Panel Of Canine–Rodent Hybrid Cell Lines For Use In Partitioning Of The Canine Genome, Amelia A. Langston, Cathryn S. Mellersh, Cassandra L. Neal, Kunal Ray, Gregory M. Acland, Mark Gibbs, Gustavo D. Aguirre, R.E. K. Fournier, Elaine A. Ostrander Dec 1997

Construction Of A Panel Of Canine–Rodent Hybrid Cell Lines For Use In Partitioning Of The Canine Genome, Amelia A. Langston, Cathryn S. Mellersh, Cassandra L. Neal, Kunal Ray, Gregory M. Acland, Mark Gibbs, Gustavo D. Aguirre, R.E. K. Fournier, Elaine A. Ostrander

Gustavo D. Aguirre, VMD, PhD

We have constructed a collection of canine–rodent microcell hybrid cell lines by fusion of canine fibroblast microcell donors with immortalized rodent recipient cells. Characterization of the hybrid cell lines using a combination of fluorescencein situhybridization and PCR analysis of canine microsatellite repeat sequences allowed selection of a panel of hybrids in which most canine chromosomes are represented. Approximately 90% of genetic markers and genes that were tested could be assigned to 1 of 31 anonymous canine chromosome groups, based on common patterns of retention in the hybrid set. Many of these putative chromosome groups have now been validated …


What's Happening: December 10, 1997, Maine Medical Center Dec 1997

What's Happening: December 10, 1997, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Examination Of Benefits Of Binaural Auditory Stimulation For Children With A Cochlear Implant And A Hearing Aid In The Contralateral Ear, Evonne Nicol Altesleben Dec 1997

Examination Of Benefits Of Binaural Auditory Stimulation For Children With A Cochlear Implant And A Hearing Aid In The Contralateral Ear, Evonne Nicol Altesleben

Dissertations and Theses

Congenital or acquired hearing impairments put children at risk of delayed language development. Today the cochlear implant (Cl) is a viable amplification option for some children with profound hearing losses. Audiologists often recommend that children with hearing impairments be fitted with binaural hearing aids in the hope that maximum stimulation will occur and that auditory deprivation will be lessened. An area lacking investigation is whether binaural stimulation will be beneficial to the cochlear implant recipient.Controversy also exists regarding the use of a hearing aid in the non-implanted ear.

The focus of this study was to compare binaural auditory stimulation benefits …


Characteristics And Resource Utilization Of Patients Of A Proprietary Home Health Agency In Rural South Central Kentucky, Linda Sewell Dec 1997

Characteristics And Resource Utilization Of Patients Of A Proprietary Home Health Agency In Rural South Central Kentucky, Linda Sewell

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The home health industry's introduction to managed care raises the prospect of reduced access to health care and poor outcomes for a vulnerable segment of our population—the rural elderly. Before effective intervention strategies can be accurately evaluated, a clearer picture of the sociodemographic features and home care service consumption is needed for this understudied group. The study was intended to provide a basis for future research into the evaluation of alternative methods of delivering effective care in terms of outcome and decreased cost for this population. A retrospective descriptive analysis was made of the patient record for the first six …


Personality Types Of Registered Nurses Employed In A Rural Community Hospital, Tina Snodgrass Dec 1997

Personality Types Of Registered Nurses Employed In A Rural Community Hospital, Tina Snodgrass

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of this study was to identify the personality types of registered nurses in a rural community. An extensive literature review revealed that no studies, utilizing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to identify personality types, had been conducted with rural nurses. Jung's Psychological Type Theory was the theoretical framework for the study. The MBTI operationalizes Jung's theory and was utilized to determine the most frequently occurring personality types of the nurses. A descriptive study was conducted at a 68 bed acute care hospital. The sample consisted of 40 experienced registered nurses working in staff positions within the hospital. Sensing, …


Maternal Age: Influence On Length Of Gestation And Birth Weight, Charlotte Bratcher Dec 1997

Maternal Age: Influence On Length Of Gestation And Birth Weight, Charlotte Bratcher

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The findings indicated no significant differences among the age groups in relation to infant birth weight nor in relation to the risk factors of smoking, maternal weight gain, trimester of first entry into prenatal care, or marital status They did indicate a significant difference [F(2,85) = 4.1364, p < .05] between the oldest and the youngest group (CD = 3.37, a = .05) in relation to gestational length. These findings are significant for healthcare providers in rural areas, since much of the previous research had been done in highly urbanized or inner city settings.


Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Dl-Methionine And Methoonine Hydroxy Analogue In Broiler Diets, S. Kijparkorn, A. Suriyasomboon, C. Nuengjamnong Dec 1997

Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Dl-Methionine And Methoonine Hydroxy Analogue In Broiler Diets, S. Kijparkorn, A. Suriyasomboon, C. Nuengjamnong

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Nine hundred and sixty day-old chicks of both sexes were divided into 24 groups of 40 birds each and fed for 42 days. Diets were prepared and fed over two phases (1-21 and 22-42 days of age). They were calculated to be deficient either in methionine and sulfur amino acids (negative control diet) or supplemented with 0.24% DL-Methionine (DL-M) or 0.37% Methionine Hydroxy Analogue (MHA). Weight gain and feed intake were calculated so that an evaluation of the efficacy of the 2 sources of methionine could be made. A significant response (P<0.05) in the average weight gain over negative controls (0.55+0.01 kg/bird) was found for DL-M supplemented diets (0.59± 0.01 kg/bird) in phase I, whereas MHA (0.57±0.01kg/bird) did not show any improvement. The feed conversion ratio of DL-M (1.80±0.03) and MHA (1.82±0.04) was significantly different to the negative control (1.93±0.03). There were no significant differences in all performances during phase II. The overall results showed that broilers fed with 0.24% DL-Methionine or 0.37% Methionine Hydroxy Analogue fortified rations showed the same growth rates. It may be concluded that MHA was 65% as efficient as DL-methionine in broiler chicks during the 1-21 day old period of their lives.


Wheels At Camp, Judith A. Medlin Dec 1997

Wheels At Camp, Judith A. Medlin

Master's Projects

Students with special needs are being included into regular education classrooms in increasing numbers. Teachers in these classrooms are often reluctant to include students with special needs on overnight field trips. This reluctance stems from the teacher's concern for the associated responsibilities. The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the process developed and used to successfully send a fully included student with disabilities to camp with his non-disabled peers. Dorthea Orem' s theory of nursing provided the conceptual framework for this case example. Overnight field trips (e.g., science camp) that are fun and safe learning experiences for the student …


Alterations In Calcium Homeostasis And The Insulin-Like Growth Factor Signaling Pathway Induced By Carcinogenic Polycyclic And Halogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Human Mammary Epithelial Cells, Stacey L. Tannheimer Dec 1997

Alterations In Calcium Homeostasis And The Insulin-Like Growth Factor Signaling Pathway Induced By Carcinogenic Polycyclic And Halogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Human Mammary Epithelial Cells, Stacey L. Tannheimer

Pharmaceutical Sciences ETDs

Breast cancer is a major health concern for women, with only a small percent of the risk factors currently identified. It has been estimated that environmental factors may contribute to up to 80% of breast cancer cases. Many environmental carcinogens, such as polycyclic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs and HAHs), are proven mammary carcinogens in animal models. Therefore, these studies were conducted to elucidate potential roles of PAHs and HAHs in alterations in known signaling pathways in human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC). Carcinogenic PAHs have previously been shown to produce sustained alterations in the calcium (Ca2') homeostasis of lymphocytes Therefore, …


Spruce Run News (December 1997), Spruce Run Staff Dec 1997

Spruce Run News (December 1997), Spruce Run Staff

Maine Women's Publications - All

No abstract provided.


Patients' Attitudes Toward The Use Of Nurse Practitioners, Laurie Maxwell Dec 1997

Patients' Attitudes Toward The Use Of Nurse Practitioners, Laurie Maxwell

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Since the advent of the role of nurse practitioner in the mid 1960s, nurse practitioners have practiced in traditional settings such as health departments, clinics, and physicians' offices. More recently, nurse practitioners have been utilized in non-traditional settings such as the emergency department. Some studies have been done that support the theory that nurse practitioners can function effectively in this setting; however additional studies are needed on this topic. The purpose of this study was to explore patients' attitudes toward the use of nurse practitioners and to determine what patient variables were related to these attitudes. More specifically, this study …


Interaction Of Gaba And Excitatory Amino Acids In The Basolateral Amygdala: Role In Cardiovascular Regulation, Robert P. Soltis, Jennifer C. Cook, Adam E. Gregg, Brian J. Sanders Dec 1997

Interaction Of Gaba And Excitatory Amino Acids In The Basolateral Amygdala: Role In Cardiovascular Regulation, Robert P. Soltis, Jennifer C. Cook, Adam E. Gregg, Brian J. Sanders

Scholarship and Professional Work – COPHS

Activation of the amygdala in rats produces cardiovascular changes that include increases in heart rate and arterial pressure as well as behavioral changes characteristic of emotional arousal. The objective of the present study was to examine the interaction of GABA and excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) in regulating cardiovascular function. Microinjection of the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline methiodide (BMI) or the E A A receptor agonists NMDA or AMPA into the same region of the BLA of conscious rats produced dose-related increases in heart rate and arterial pressure. Injection of the nonselective EAA receptor …


Flight Physician - December, 1997, Civil Aviation Medical Association Dec 1997

Flight Physician - December, 1997, Civil Aviation Medical Association

Browse all Civil Aviation Medical Association Newsletters

A fourteen page newsletter of the Civil Aviation Medical Association. The newsletter provided news about civil aviation medicine and information related to the organization.


A Comparative Study Of Nursing And Non-Nursing Majors Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Hiv And Aids At The Sophomore And Senior Level, Diana R. Lubandi Dec 1997

A Comparative Study Of Nursing And Non-Nursing Majors Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Hiv And Aids At The Sophomore And Senior Level, Diana R. Lubandi

Electronic Dissertations and Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a baccalaureate nursing program on the knowledge and attitudes of United States nursing students towards HIV/AIDS. Mathematics and engineering majors were used as a comparison group and to control the threats to internal validity of history and maturation. Data for this study was obtained using an AIDS Knowledge Scale and an AIDS Attitude Scale in the form of questionnaires. A convenience sample of 103 students comprised of 30 sophomore nursing students, 34 senior nursing students, 16 sophomore Non nursing students and 23 senior non-nursing students was utilized. The …


The Relationship Between Childhood Aggression And Impulsiveness, Mary Gail Glover Dec 1997

The Relationship Between Childhood Aggression And Impulsiveness, Mary Gail Glover

Student Dissertations & Theses

Previous research on the relationship between children's levels of aggression and impulsivity have been inconclusive. Studies of each of these behaviors independently have shown that they are correlated with many of the same factors. However, no studies have been found in which aggression and impulsivity have correlated specifically with each other. The purpose of the present study was to determine if a relationship exists between aggression and impulsivity in children. The participants of this study consisted of 115 children who had been tested at a center for behavioral analysis to determine diagnoses of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. They had been referred for …


The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon Dec 1997

The Morality Of Intimate Faculty-Student Relationships, Nicholas Dixon

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented September 19, 1996 for the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society


Collegiate Activities That Influence Adult Physical Fitness Habits, Linda L. King Dec 1997

Collegiate Activities That Influence Adult Physical Fitness Habits, Linda L. King

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This descriptive/correlational study analyzed the perception of recent graduates regarding the effectiveness of the college environment at Milligan College in influencing adult fitness habits. Graduates were divided into five activity level groups through a self-report of physical activity. The purposes of the research were to determine if significant differences existed between the dependent variable, activity level, and the independent variables such as: (a) participation in specific college activities, (b) preferences for types of exercise, (c) social influence, (d) influence of a required freshman fitness course, and (e) environmental barriers. A profile of the student most likely to exercise after graduation …


Comparison Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Coupled Camp Production In Cultured Human Mononuclear Leukocytes And Myometrial Cells, Yu-Li Liu Dec 1997

Comparison Of Beta-Adrenoceptor Coupled Camp Production In Cultured Human Mononuclear Leukocytes And Myometrial Cells, Yu-Li Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

$\beta\sb2$-Adrenoceptor ($\beta\sb2$-AR) agonists, such as terbutaline, are used as tocolytic agents in the treatment of preterm labor. $\beta$-Adrenoceptor stimulation relaxes myometrium through specific receptors coupled through Gs to adenylyl cyclase (AC) that catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cAMP. The purpose of this study was to compare $\beta$-adrenoceptors and cAMP production in cultured human leukocytes and myometrial cells, and to determine the importance of $\beta$-adrenoceptors and cAMP production in isoproterenol-induced myometrial relaxation. $\sp{125}$I-iodopindolol was used to assess $\beta$-adrenoceptor affinity and number cAMP levels were analyzed before and after stimulation by isoproterenol, AlF$\sb4\sp-$, forskolin, and PGE$\sb1$. Isometric recording was used to …


Further Characterization Of A Complement-Sensitive Mutant Of A Virulent Avian Escherichia Coli Isolate, Theodore J. Kottom, Lisa K. Nolan, Michael Robinson, John Brown, Tom Gustad, Shelley M. Horne, Catherine W. Giddings Dec 1997

Further Characterization Of A Complement-Sensitive Mutant Of A Virulent Avian Escherichia Coli Isolate, Theodore J. Kottom, Lisa K. Nolan, Michael Robinson, John Brown, Tom Gustad, Shelley M. Horne, Catherine W. Giddings

Lisa K. Nolan

An attempt was made to characterize the mechanism of complement resistance operating in a virulent avian Escherichia coli isolate. Using flow cytometry to detect antibody to C3, we found that there was significantly more antibody bound to a complement-sensitive mutant of this wild type than to the parent organism, suggesting that more C3 subunits were bound to the wild type. Neither the wild type nor the mutant degraded C3. Further, the mutant was phagocytosed to a significantly greater degree than the wild type by cultured phagocytes in the presence of C5-deficient serum. These data suggest that the wild type is …


A Highly Adherent Phenotype Associated With Virulent Bvg+-Phase Swine Isolates Of Bordetella Bronchiseptica Grown Under Modulating Conditions, Karen B. Register, Mark R. Ackermann Dec 1997

A Highly Adherent Phenotype Associated With Virulent Bvg+-Phase Swine Isolates Of Bordetella Bronchiseptica Grown Under Modulating Conditions, Karen B. Register, Mark R. Ackermann

Mark R. Ackermann

The ability of Bvg(-)-phase and Bvg(+)-phase Bordetella bronchiseptica swine isolates, grown under modulating or nonmodulating conditions, to adhere to swine ciliated nasal epithelial cells was determined. When virulent strains were cultivated at 37 degrees C in the Bvg+ phase, numerous adherent bacteria (approximately eight per cell, depending on the strain used) were observed. However, when such strains were grown under modulating conditions (23 degrees C), a significant increase in the level of attachment was seen, suggesting that B. bronchiseptica produces a Bvg-repressed adhesin under these conditions. bvg mutant strains, including an isogenic bvgS mutant, adhered minimally. Western blots indicated that …


Update - December 1997, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 1997

Update - December 1997, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- "Spirituality and Ethics in Patient Care"
-- Mind Manipulation: A Christian Ethical Analysis
-- Hobergs, Silk Hose, and Hypnosis


Perceived Differences Between Male And Female Occupational Therapists’ Treatment And Other Related Gender Issues, Dennis Robert Jones Dec 1997

Perceived Differences Between Male And Female Occupational Therapists’ Treatment And Other Related Gender Issues, Dennis Robert Jones

Masters Theses

This study explored how occupational therapy clients perceive the treatment they receive from male and female occupational therapists. The study was conducted in a qualitative manner. Occupational therapy supervisors who have supervised both female and male occupational therapists were interviewed to gain an initial understanding of the relevant issues. More structured interviews were then conducted with clients who have been treated by both a female and a male occupational therapist. Therapists and clients were also observed during four treatment sessions.

Analysis of the data collected through interviews revealed that supervisors and clients do notice some behavioral differences in male and …


The Biography Of A Scale: Contextual Factors That Influence The Measurement Of Family Functioning, Ludwig Geismar Dec 1997

The Biography Of A Scale: Contextual Factors That Influence The Measurement Of Family Functioning, Ludwig Geismar

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The subject of instrument relevance is addressed by examining issues that have arisen in the use of a single scale over a forty year period. The issues revolve around the impact of varying social conditions, changing ethos, differential respondent receptiveness, and evolving research technology. Extended use of an instrument, it is argued, yields information that transcends the conventional techniques for testing instrument adequacy. The lack of opportunities in social work for accessing information on extended use of measurement tools is due, among other factors, to a preoccupation with working on subjects that are new and original and to a lack …


A Dichotomous Role For Nitric Oxide During Acute Toxoplasma Gondii Infection In Mice, Imtiaz A. Khan, Joseph D. Schwartzman, Tadashi Matsuura, Lloyd H. Kasper Dec 1997

A Dichotomous Role For Nitric Oxide During Acute Toxoplasma Gondii Infection In Mice, Imtiaz A. Khan, Joseph D. Schwartzman, Tadashi Matsuura, Lloyd H. Kasper

Dartmouth Scholarship

Production of nitric oxide by macrophages is believed to be an important microbicidal mechanism for a variety of intracellular pathogens, including Toxoplasma gondii. Mice with a targeted disruption of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene (iNOS) were infected orally with T. gondii tissue cysts. Time to death was prolonged compared with parental controls. Histologic analysis of tissue from infected mice showed scattered small foci of inflammation with parasites in various tissues of iNOS−/− mice, whereas tissue from the parental C57BL/6 mice had more extensive tissue inflammation with few visible parasites. In particular, extensive ulceration and necrosis of distal small …


Patient Satisfaction With A Nurse Managed Lipid Clinic, Memuna Ali Dec 1997

Patient Satisfaction With A Nurse Managed Lipid Clinic, Memuna Ali

Master's Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine patient satisfaction with a nurse managed lipid clinic. This study investigated the effect of gender, age, level of education, and physical health on patient satisfaction. Measuring patient satisfaction has been regarded as the method of choice for obtaining patient views about their care. Fifty patients completed a survey rating various aspects of the lipid clinic. The results provided evidence that high level of satisfaction existed with the nurse managed clinic and there was no significant variation with gender, age, level of education or physical health of patients. Nurse Practitioners have been successfully …


Direct Demonstration Of Retroviral Recombination In A Rhesus Monkey, Dawn P. Wooley, Randall A. Smith, Susan Czajak, Ronald C. Desrosiers Dec 1997

Direct Demonstration Of Retroviral Recombination In A Rhesus Monkey, Dawn P. Wooley, Randall A. Smith, Susan Czajak, Ronald C. Desrosiers

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

Recombination may be an important mechanism for increasing variation in retroviral populations. Retroviral recombination has been demonstrated in tissue culture systems by artificially creating doubly infected cells. Evidence for retroviral recombination in vivo is indirect and is based principally on the identification of apparently mosaic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genomes from phylogenetic analyses of viral sequences. We infected a rhesus monkey with two different molecularly cloned strains of simian immunodeficiency virus. One strain of virus had a deletion in vpx and vpr, and the other strain had a deletion in nef. Each strain on its own induced low virus …


Medical Care And Rehabilitation Services Providing To Children With Cerebral Palsy In Northern Taiwan, Hua-Fang Liao, Shwu-Chong Wu, Suh-Fang Jeng, Pen-Jung Wong, Su-Ching Lee, Wen-Po Chow Dec 1997

Medical Care And Rehabilitation Services Providing To Children With Cerebral Palsy In Northern Taiwan, Hua-Fang Liao, Shwu-Chong Wu, Suh-Fang Jeng, Pen-Jung Wong, Su-Ching Lee, Wen-Po Chow

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

The condition of medical and rehabilitation services for children with cerebal palsy(CP)in Taiwan has rarely been investigated. Such information is crucial for the health services planning. To understand the current status of medical and rehabilitation cares of CP children and related influencing factors, we sent 2435 copies of questionnaires to the main caregivers of possible CP children in the northern Taiwan. Six hundred and eighty-nine copies (28%) were returned. Four hundred and twenty-six copies were of CP children younger than 18 years of age(17.5%). Their data were analyzed for this report. In 6-month period prior to this investigation, three hundred …


The Kinetic Assessment Of Sit-To-Stand In Stroke Patients And Its Relationship To Fall, Pao-Tsai Cheng, Shu-Hsia Wu, Mei-Yun Liaw, Pay-Shin Lin, May-Kuen Wong, Hsieh-Ching Chen, Fuk-Tan Tang Dec 1997

The Kinetic Assessment Of Sit-To-Stand In Stroke Patients And Its Relationship To Fall, Pao-Tsai Cheng, Shu-Hsia Wu, Mei-Yun Liaw, Pay-Shin Lin, May-Kuen Wong, Hsieh-Ching Chen, Fuk-Tan Tang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Fall has been reported as a major cause of morbidity, hospitalization and mortality of older people. Stroke patients are more prone to fall than non-stroke subjects, because of the pathological conditions inposing upon the physiological aging process. Since fall is so frequent, fall prevention strategies should therefore be developed and included in rehabilitation programs.Falls are associated with many physical and environmental factors. Excluding tripping, many of the falls in stroke patients occurred during the patients changing their positions, such as standing up, sitting down or initiation of steps. Therefore, the purpose of this study is focus on the kinetic analysis …