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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Effect Of Housing Environment (Deep Litter With Or Without Access To Different Plant Species Outdoor) On Welfare And Behavior Across Two Strains Of Laying Hens, Brian Tainika, Ahmet Şekeroğlu, Ahmet Akyol, Samet Hasan Abaci, Fatih Mehmet Gür Feb 2024

The Effect Of Housing Environment (Deep Litter With Or Without Access To Different Plant Species Outdoor) On Welfare And Behavior Across Two Strains Of Laying Hens, Brian Tainika, Ahmet Şekeroğlu, Ahmet Akyol, Samet Hasan Abaci, Fatih Mehmet Gür

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The impact of housing environment and strain on welfare and behavior of laying hens was the focus of this study. Lohmann LSL Classic (W) and Lohmann Sandy (S) were assessed under deep litter without outdoor access (DL), deep litter with access to outdoor pens covered with either Mentha piperita (MP), Petroselinum crispum (PC) or Medicago sativa (MS). Duration of tonic immobility, feather condition, footpad dermatitis, and temperatures (comb, breast region, footpad surface, and rectal) were determined at 31, 42, and 52 weeks of age. Hen`s behaviors were observed at 32, 42, and 52 weeks of age. Blood parameters were assessed …


Determination Of Some Environmental Factors On Milk Yield Traits And Milk Components In Simmental Cows, Onur Şahi̇n, Mehmet İhsan Soysal, Eser Kemal Gürcan Feb 2024

Determination Of Some Environmental Factors On Milk Yield Traits And Milk Components In Simmental Cows, Onur Şahi̇n, Mehmet İhsan Soysal, Eser Kemal Gürcan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to determine the effects of various environmental factors on milk yield and milk components in Simmental cows. In the present study, 33,813 milk yield records from 1631 cows and milk samples from 233 cows were used for milk component analysis. Lactation milk yield (LMY) and 305-day yield (305-DMY) were the milk yield characteristics studied. Environmental factors considered for milk yield characteristics included province, calving year, calving month, parity, age, and lactation length. Milk components analyzed were fat percentage (FP), protein percentage (PP), lactose percentage (LP), somatic cell count (Log10SCC), and dry matter (DM). Environmental …


Investigation Of Molecular Detection Rate And Associated Risk Factors Of Psittacine Beak And Feather Disease Virus In Psittaciformes In Iran, Mojtaba Khosravi, Shoreh Alian Samakkhah, Rahem Khoshbakht Feb 2024

Investigation Of Molecular Detection Rate And Associated Risk Factors Of Psittacine Beak And Feather Disease Virus In Psittaciformes In Iran, Mojtaba Khosravi, Shoreh Alian Samakkhah, Rahem Khoshbakht

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Psittacine beak and feather disease virus (PBFDV) is a significant viral pathogen affecting the development of beak and feather cells, leading to feather abnormalities in avian species. This study aimed to investigate the molecular detection rate of PBFDV among Psittaciformes in Iran and to evaluate the influence of factors such as sex, species, season, and bird origin on PBFDV prevalence. Feather samples were collected from 1335 Psittaciformes, including Agapornis roseicollis, Pyrrhura molinae, Myiopsitta monachus, Aratinga solstitialis, Nymphicus hollandicus, Psittacula krameri, Psittacus erithacus, Poicephalus senegalus, Eos bornea, and Agapornis fischeri, and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for PBFDV detection. The …


The Effect Of Artificial Insemination Catheters Covered With Protective Sheaths On Conception Rates In Heifers, Berrak Işık Soytürk, Hüseyin Erdem Feb 2024

The Effect Of Artificial Insemination Catheters Covered With Protective Sheaths On Conception Rates In Heifers, Berrak Işık Soytürk, Hüseyin Erdem

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Artificial insemination is a biotechnological method widely practiced in cattle, first introduced in 1912. The present study investigated the effect of pierceable plastic sheaths used during artificial insemination of Holstein heifers on conception rates. A total of 110 heifers aged 15–18 months, detected to be in estrus based on observation, were included in the study. These heifers were randomly divided into two equal groups. The experimental group (n = 55) underwent insemination using an insemination catheter covered with a disposable, pierceable plastic sheath on day 0. Conversely, the control group (n = 55) underwent insemination using the standard conventional technique. …


Comparison Of Milk Microbiota Between Healthy And Mastitic Cows, Sibel Kizil, Fatma Esin Aydin, Cansu Önlen Güneri̇, Ufuk Ülker, Gürol Emekdaş, İbrahim Basmaci, Serkan Erat, Rıza Durmaz, Efsun Melike Çeçen, Asya Kazan Feb 2024

Comparison Of Milk Microbiota Between Healthy And Mastitic Cows, Sibel Kizil, Fatma Esin Aydin, Cansu Önlen Güneri̇, Ufuk Ülker, Gürol Emekdaş, İbrahim Basmaci, Serkan Erat, Rıza Durmaz, Efsun Melike Çeçen, Asya Kazan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Mammary gland infections occur due to bacterial changes in the mammary tissue. Studies conducted in recent years have reported variations in the most common bacteria differ according to geographical locations. California mastitis test (CMT), somatic cell count (SCC), and aerobic colony count (ACC) analyses were performed on approximately 50 mL of hygienically collected raw milk samples. Raw milk was also subjected to conventional bacteriological isolation and identification. Bacterial diversity and rates in raw milk were compared through metagenome analysis. Two samples, one from healthy milk and another from subclinical milk with mastitis, were independently tested to determine whether there were …


Determination Of Antibiotic Resistance In Salmonella Typhimurium And Salmonella Kentucky Serotypes Of Animal Origin Using Conventional And Molecular Methods, Zeynep Şik, Mehmet Akan Feb 2024

Determination Of Antibiotic Resistance In Salmonella Typhimurium And Salmonella Kentucky Serotypes Of Animal Origin Using Conventional And Molecular Methods, Zeynep Şik, Mehmet Akan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The high incidence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Kentucky isolates is a concern for human and animal health. This study aimed to investigate the antibiotic resistance determinants of a total of 150 S. Typhimurium and S. Kentucky isolates obtained from cows, calves, lambs, and poultry. Salmonella isolates were tested against 13 different antimicrobials using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method, and genotypic antimicrobial resistance determinants were investigated by polymerase chain reaction. Significant differences were detected among serovars for gentamicin, streptomycin, ampicillin, sulfonamide, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, and tetracycline resistance, with the rates of resistance to these antibiotics being determined to be …


Molecular Characterization Of Fecundity-Related Gene Regions In Some Of Türkiye’S Native Sheep Breeds, Ramazan Aymaz, Fulya Özdi̇l, Yalçın Yaman Jan 2024

Molecular Characterization Of Fecundity-Related Gene Regions In Some Of Türkiye’S Native Sheep Breeds, Ramazan Aymaz, Fulya Özdi̇l, Yalçın Yaman

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

In this study, the BMP15 and GDF9 gene regions were examined through DNA sequencing in some native sheep breeds of Türkiye (Kıvırcık, Karacabey Merino, Chios, Gökçeada, Çine Çaparı, Awassi, and Karakacan). In the BMP15 exon 2 region, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified: one synonymous SNP, P248P (proline/proline), and one nonsynonymous SNP, L251P (leucine/proline), resulting in a missense mutation. In the GDF9 exon 1 region, only a nonsynonymous SNP, R87H (histidine/ arginine), was found. In the GDF9 exon 2 region, four SNPs were identified: two nonsynonymous SNPs, E241K (glutamate/lysine) and V332I (valine/isoleucine), and two synonymous SNPs, L159L (leucine/leucine) and …


Behavioral Activity Budget Of Grower Beetal Kids Offered Total Mixed Ration Under Stall-Fed System, Priya Dhattarwal, Mandeep Singla, Sandeep Kaswan, Ravinder Singh Grewal, Neeraj Kashyap, Dalpat Singh Malik Jan 2024

Behavioral Activity Budget Of Grower Beetal Kids Offered Total Mixed Ration Under Stall-Fed System, Priya Dhattarwal, Mandeep Singla, Sandeep Kaswan, Ravinder Singh Grewal, Neeraj Kashyap, Dalpat Singh Malik

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study investigates the behavioral activities of grower Beetal kids fed in a conventional method-control group manner orgiven total mixed ration (TMR) (i.e. hay-based - T1 and green fodder-based - T2). Twenty-four weaned Beetal kids were enrolled andrandomly distributed into 3 groups based on their body weight, sex, and age. Behavioral observations were recorded 30 min after givingexperimental ration to the kids using the scan sampling method for 1 h, which inferred time spent eating normally, eating with forelegson the cage, and eating with forelegs on the feeders; standing idle and urination were significantly higher in the control group than …


Noninvasive Pregnancy Detection In Wild Felids Using Enzyme Immunoassay Of Fecal 13, 14–Dihydro–15–Keto–Pgf2Α Metabolite (Pgfm), Nikitha Prakash, Suchitra Bhadravathi Raju, Sahadev Annayappa, Leena Gowda, Veena Malavalli Prabhushankar Dec 2023

Noninvasive Pregnancy Detection In Wild Felids Using Enzyme Immunoassay Of Fecal 13, 14–Dihydro–15–Keto–Pgf2Α Metabolite (Pgfm), Nikitha Prakash, Suchitra Bhadravathi Raju, Sahadev Annayappa, Leena Gowda, Veena Malavalli Prabhushankar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The study was carried out on Panthera species (4 lions and 5 tigers) housed in Bannerghatta Biological Park, Bengaluru, and Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysuru. Estrus behavior such as rolling, licking, nudging, chuffing, frequent urination, whitish discharge, vocalisation, lordosis and copulatory behavior such as vocalisation, allowed to be mounted, aggression towards male, mounting, and biting of the nape of female were exhibited both in lions and tigers which helped to identify the time of fecal sample collection. The study’s main aim was to carry out noninvasive and noncontact pregnancy detection in these wild felids. Feces samples collected from the female …


Investigation Of Three Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (1252 G>A, 2534 G>A, And 2569 T>C) Of The Mbl1 Gene In Anatolian Buffaloes, Esma Gamze Aksel, Bi̇lal Akyüz Dec 2023

Investigation Of Three Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (1252 G>A, 2534 G>A, And 2569 T>C) Of The Mbl1 Gene In Anatolian Buffaloes, Esma Gamze Aksel, Bi̇lal Akyüz

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

It has been reported that since the MBL gene is involved in the first step of infection and inflammation processes, it may be associated with susceptibility to bacterial and viral diseases in living organisms. In this study, it was aimed to determine the genotypic variation of Anatolian buffaloes in terms of three (1252G>A, 2534 G>A, and 2569 T>C) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the MBL-1 gene. For this purpose, 103 Anatolian buffaloes were genotyped for relevant SNPs by PCR-RFLP process. The allele and genotype frequencies of the examined samples were determined, and the population was examined for …


Radiology Versus Rt-Pcr For Detection Of Proventricular Dilatation Disease In Psittacines, Mohammad Bayat, Abolfazl Ghaniei, Majid Jamshidian Mojaver, Ali Mirshahi, Mohammad Azizzadeh Dec 2023

Radiology Versus Rt-Pcr For Detection Of Proventricular Dilatation Disease In Psittacines, Mohammad Bayat, Abolfazl Ghaniei, Majid Jamshidian Mojaver, Ali Mirshahi, Mohammad Azizzadeh

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a potentially fatal disease of psittacine birds. Avian bornavirus (ABV), the causative agent of PDD, causes inflammation of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems. Clinically, birds affected by PDD present with gastrointestinal tract dysfunction, neurological symptoms, or both. In this study, we evaluated the presence of proventriculus dilation and ABV in 40 birds (cockatiel, n = 12; budgerigar, n = 28), submitted to the veterinary clinic, by radiology and RT-PCR. Lateral and ventrodorsal radiographs and feather samples were taken from 36 live birds including the cockatiel and budgerigar, as well as samples of proventriculus …


Virological And Pathological Investigation Of Canine Parvovirus-2 (Cpv-2) With The Assessment Of The Genetic Variability Of Field Strains, Zeynep Karapinar, Musa Karaman, İhsan Kisadere, Mustafa Usta, Mehmet Özkan Ti̇murkan Dec 2023

Virological And Pathological Investigation Of Canine Parvovirus-2 (Cpv-2) With The Assessment Of The Genetic Variability Of Field Strains, Zeynep Karapinar, Musa Karaman, İhsan Kisadere, Mustafa Usta, Mehmet Özkan Ti̇murkan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2), which is common worldwide, is a highly contagious pathogen in domestic dogs and some wild carnivore species. The agent causes a multisystemic infection in affected animals, especially acute hemorrhagic enteritis and fatal myocarditis in puppies. The study aimed to reveal the presence of virus in dogs with clinical symptoms of CPV-2 infection using virological, pathological, and immunohistochemical methods and make molecular characterization based on partial VP-2 gene of strains circulating in the region. As a result of PCR studies, 9 out of 16 rectal swab samples and 17 out of 38 blood samples were positive. A phylogenetic …


Functional Training Promotes Benefits In The Physical Condition Of Horses, Paula Gomes Rodrigues, Camila Fernanda Fidêncio, Katia De Oliveira, Camilla Mendonça Silva, Clistenes Gomes Oliveira, José Miradelson Oliveira Carvalho, Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos, Gregorio Murilo De Oliveira Junior, José Camisão De Souza Dec 2023

Functional Training Promotes Benefits In The Physical Condition Of Horses, Paula Gomes Rodrigues, Camila Fernanda Fidêncio, Katia De Oliveira, Camilla Mendonça Silva, Clistenes Gomes Oliveira, José Miradelson Oliveira Carvalho, Anselmo Domingos Ferreira Santos, Gregorio Murilo De Oliveira Junior, José Camisão De Souza

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Horses that perform constant physical activity related to sport or work are subject to musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a functional training program to promote physical conditions (epaxial musculature biometry and linear kinematics) and behavior traits in patrol horses. Sixteen crossbred horses were randomly distributed in two experimental treatments: not submitted (control group) and submitted (test group) to a functional exercise program. The training program exercises were performed three times per week for 90 days and consisted of dynamic mobilization techniques, reflexive mobilization, dynamic imbalance, and passive stretching. The studied variables were Longissimus dorsi …


Determining The Quality Of Sugar Beet Pulp, Lenox, And Ryegrass Silages Used In Feeding Dairy Cattle, In Comparison To Corn Silage, Fatma Özkan, Suphi̇ Deni̇z Dec 2023

Determining The Quality Of Sugar Beet Pulp, Lenox, And Ryegrass Silages Used In Feeding Dairy Cattle, In Comparison To Corn Silage, Fatma Özkan, Suphi̇ Deni̇z

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out to determine the quality of sugar beet pulp (Beta vulgaris L.), lenox (Brassica rapa L.), and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorium cv. caramba) silages used in feeding dairy cattle, in comparison to corn silage. Whole corn was harvested at the dough stage, lenox was harvested at the end of flowering, and ryegrass was harvested at the beginning of spike. No additives were added to the corn silage, but 5% molasses was added to the sugar beet pulp, ryegrass, and lenox silages that have low levels of easily degradable sugar. Additionally, 5% sainfoin was added to the sugar …


Water Buffalo Social Networks During Their Activities On Pasture Under The Rain, Eleni Tsiobani, Maria Yiakoulaki, Nikolaos Hasanagas, Ioannis Antoniou Dec 2023

Water Buffalo Social Networks During Their Activities On Pasture Under The Rain, Eleni Tsiobani, Maria Yiakoulaki, Nikolaos Hasanagas, Ioannis Antoniou

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Water buffaloes exhibit various social structures during their activities on pasture, but the impact of abiotic factors (i.e. rainfall) on these structures remains unknown. While existing research has provided evidence concerning the effect of weather conditions on grazing animals’ behavior, they have not examined how animals differentiate their social organization within the herd during their activities on pasture under the rainfall. This study utilized social network analysis to construct, depict, and analyze the proximity networks among buffaloes in each activity they perform on pasture before, during, and after the rainfall. By applying various network indices, we have shown that water …


Validation Of A Chimeric Proteins-Based Elisa For The Diagnosis Of Brucellosis In Kazakhstan, Aitbay Bulashev, Saule Eskendirova, Bakytkali Ingirbay, Alfiya Syzdykova, Fariza Zhagipar Dec 2023

Validation Of A Chimeric Proteins-Based Elisa For The Diagnosis Of Brucellosis In Kazakhstan, Aitbay Bulashev, Saule Eskendirova, Bakytkali Ingirbay, Alfiya Syzdykova, Fariza Zhagipar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to compare the suitability of three chimeric recombinant outer membrane proteins of Brucella (rOmps 19 + 25, 19 + 31, and 25 + 31) for the diagnosis of bovine and sheep brucellosis using an indirect ELISA (i-ELISA). The diagnostic properties of these proteins in an i-ELISA were studied using blood serum samples from cattle and sheep with known positive and negative results for brucellosis based on the rose Bengal plate test (RBT), complement fixation test (CFT), and a commercial ELISA (c-ELISA) kit, as well as using animal sera from fresh foci of infection with unknown reactivity. rOmps19 …


Effect Of Thermo-Insulated Kid Hutch On Location Preference, Growth Performance, And Blood Haemato-Biochemical Indices Of Winter-Born Goat Kids (Capra Hircus), Ajoy Das, Dilip Kumar Mandal, Asish Debbarma, Muthupalani Karunakaran, Anupam Chatterjee, Debajyoti Sarkar Dec 2023

Effect Of Thermo-Insulated Kid Hutch On Location Preference, Growth Performance, And Blood Haemato-Biochemical Indices Of Winter-Born Goat Kids (Capra Hircus), Ajoy Das, Dilip Kumar Mandal, Asish Debbarma, Muthupalani Karunakaran, Anupam Chatterjee, Debajyoti Sarkar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study assessed the effect of thermo-insulated kid hutch (TIKH) on location preference, body surface temperature, growth performance, and blood haemato-biochemical indices of winter-born Black Bengal goat kids. Does were maintained in the same shed, born kids (n = 12) were divided into two groups along with mothers to begin experiments from day 1 of birth. The treatment group (TIKH) of kids was given a TIKH to which kids had free access, but not the adults. However, in the control group (CONT) kids were reared without TIKH. The floor surface temperature of TIKH was significantly (p < 0.05) higher at night as compared to goat shed in December (4.28%), January (3.98%), and February (7.72%). The interior roof surface of TIKH had 25.12%, 33.55%, 31.85%, 10.99%, and 4.37% higher (p < 0.01) temperatures at night compared to the roof surface temperature of the goat shed in December, January, February, March, and April, respectively. The presence of kids inside the TIKH at the age of 1–15 days was the greatest in morning (80.5%) and evening (72.2%). Between the ages of 16–-60 days, the preference of kids for the TIKH varied from 69.2% to 54.2% in the morning and from 70.0% to 66.7% in the evening. However, at the age of 61–75 days, kids’ preference for TIKH gradually declined in the morning (11.6%) and evening (19.9%) due to the increased inside temperature. Kids weaning weight was 23.25% higher (p < 0.05) in the TIKH group as compared to that of CONT. The average daily gain (0–30 days) was higher (41.34%; p < 0.05) in kids in the TIKH compared to the CONT shed. The haemato-biochemical profiles of kids were similar in both groups except for blood serum glucose, which was greater (p < 0.05) in kids of the TIKH than that of CONT shed. In conclusion, the provision of TIKH improved the growth and overall performance of winter-born Black Bengal goat kids during pre and postweaning periods.


Prevalence Of Carriers Of Cholesterol Deficiency–Associated Apob Mutation In Some Native, Holstein And Simmental Cattle Breeds In Türkiye, Hasan Meydan, Kübra Bedi̇r Di̇bi̇ç, Onur Vural, Mehmet Ali̇ Yildiz, Jørgen S. Agerholm Dec 2023

Prevalence Of Carriers Of Cholesterol Deficiency–Associated Apob Mutation In Some Native, Holstein And Simmental Cattle Breeds In Türkiye, Hasan Meydan, Kübra Bedi̇r Di̇bi̇ç, Onur Vural, Mehmet Ali̇ Yildiz, Jørgen S. Agerholm

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Genetic diseases play an increasingly important role in cattle breeding as breeding technologies such as artificial insemination has an inborn risk of disseminating deleterious genes, especially from high merit breeding sires. Cholesterol deficiency (CD) is a metabolic disorder first recognized in Holstein cattle in 2015. The condition is characterized by chronic diarrhea and unthriftiness in calves being homozygous for the defective allele. The prevalence of carriers of CD in Turkish cattle is at present unknown and therefore 700 heifers and cows of different breeds, including 300 Holsteins were genotyped. Of the tested Holsteins, 2.0% turned out to be carriers of …


Effect Of Exogenous Melatonin On Metabolic Profile And Reproductive Performance In Undernourished Suckling Merino Ewes In The Early Postpartum Period, Bariş Güner, Buse Öztürk, Aslihan Ayalp, İhsan Kisadere, Nevzat Saat, Muhi̇tti̇n Zengi̇n, Recai̇ Kulaksiz, Şükrü Meti̇n Pancarci Oct 2023

Effect Of Exogenous Melatonin On Metabolic Profile And Reproductive Performance In Undernourished Suckling Merino Ewes In The Early Postpartum Period, Bariş Güner, Buse Öztürk, Aslihan Ayalp, İhsan Kisadere, Nevzat Saat, Muhi̇tti̇n Zengi̇n, Recai̇ Kulaksiz, Şükrü Meti̇n Pancarci

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to determine whether serum metabolite and hormones of ewes with low body condition scores subjected to the melatonin plus progesterone-based protocol (MPE) would be similar to a single progesterone-based protocol (PE) and whether melatonin ear implant supplementation could increase pregnancy rate. Ninety suckled Merino ewes with singleton lamb were equally allocated in two experimental groups (MPE, PE) and a control group (CON) on days 53 ± 3 (D0) postpartum. Ewes in MPE group were subjected to exogenous melatonin plus progesterone-based protocol [Melatonin (day 0) + P4 insertion (day 35) + 500 IU eCG (day 42)]. Ewes in …


Determining The Protective Effect Of A Boron Adjuvanted Vaccine With An Experimental Infection Model In Mice, Zafer Sayin, Ali̇ Uslu, Özgür Özdemi̇r, Abdullah Başoğlu, Asli Balevi̇, Uçkun Sai̇t Uçan, Zeki̇ Aras, Osman Ergani̇ş Oct 2023

Determining The Protective Effect Of A Boron Adjuvanted Vaccine With An Experimental Infection Model In Mice, Zafer Sayin, Ali̇ Uslu, Özgür Özdemi̇r, Abdullah Başoğlu, Asli Balevi̇, Uçkun Sai̇t Uçan, Zeki̇ Aras, Osman Ergani̇ş

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Boron is a required trace element for plants, humans, and animals and it has significant influence over biological functions and the immune system. Vaccines have aided humans in the control of many contagious diseases around the world. The success of global immunization campaigns may be possible with the development of effective and low-cost vaccines and adjuvants. For this reason, the present study aimed to determine the adjuvant activity of easily accessible boron compounds. In this study, six different vaccines were prepared, including inactive Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, boric acid, aluminum hydroxide, montanide ISA 50, and ISA 206, ISA 50 + boric …


Comparison Of Carcass Characteristics, Meat Quality, And Fatty Acid Composition In Slowand Fast-Growing Broilers At Different Slaughter Weights, Büşra Yaranoğlu, Hi̇lal Çapar Akyüz, Esi̇n Ebru Onbaşilar Oct 2023

Comparison Of Carcass Characteristics, Meat Quality, And Fatty Acid Composition In Slowand Fast-Growing Broilers At Different Slaughter Weights, Büşra Yaranoğlu, Hi̇lal Çapar Akyüz, Esi̇n Ebru Onbaşilar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to compare the slaughter, meat quality characteristics, and fatty acid composition of fast-growing (FAG) and slow-growing (SWG) broilers at different slaughter weights. In the experiments, a total of 90 carcasses were used: 45 SWG (Hubbard-Isa Red JA) and 45 FAG broilers (Ross 308) with 15 carcasses from each slaughter weight group (1500 ± 50 g, 2000 ± 50 g, 2500 ± 50 g). Hot carcass yield and cold carcass yield detected in the FAG broilers were higher than in SGW broilers (p < 0.001). As the weight of slaughter increased, hot carcass and cold carcass yield increased (p < 0.001). The breast percentage was significantly lower in the SWG broilers compared to the FAG broilers (p < 0.001). In contrast, thigh, wing, and abdominal fat percentages were higher in the SWG broilers (p < 0.001). The breast percentage increased as the slaughter weight increased (p < 0.001). SWG broilers had significantly lower pH, except for the pH 24 of the thigh meat (p < 0.01). The L*, a*, and b* values of the SWG broilers were lower than the FAG broilers (p < 0.01). In terms of a* values determined initially and at the 24th h in the breast and thigh meat, the 1500 g slaughter weight group had by far the highest value (p < 0.01). SWG broilers had significantly lower values in terms of cooking loss, water-holding capacity, and drip loss (p < 0.001). C18:2ω6 was detected at higher amounts in the FAG broilers (p < 0.05). The FAG broilers had higher PUFA, desired fatty acids, PUFA/SFA, and thrombogenic index values (p < 0.05). The results show that FAG broilers can meet the strong worldwide demand for meat quantity and quality. Slaughter weight changes only affected the quantity of the meat.


Evaluation Of The Effects Of Ghrelin And Metformin On Sperm Parameters, Testosterone Hormones, And Immunohistochemical And Immunofluorescent Markers In An Experimental Diabetes Model, Saadet Belhan, Zübeyi̇r Huyut, Serkan Yildirim, Özlem Ergül Erkeç, Uğur Özdek Oct 2023

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Ghrelin And Metformin On Sperm Parameters, Testosterone Hormones, And Immunohistochemical And Immunofluorescent Markers In An Experimental Diabetes Model, Saadet Belhan, Zübeyi̇r Huyut, Serkan Yildirim, Özlem Ergül Erkeç, Uğur Özdek

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Testicular dysfunction, a severe secondary complication of diabetes, negatively affects reproductive health. Ghrelin is a peptide that plays a role in many metabolic events, such as stimulating growth hormones and regulating appetite, blood pressure, and reproduction. Metformin has antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties and is widely used to treat type 2 diabetes. Therefore, in this study, to investigate the effects of ghrelin and metformin on testicular function in experimental diabetic rats given streptozotocin, placed on a high-fat diet, and that had their sperm parameters evaluated, testosterone hormone, caspase 3 and iNOS expression, and histopathological examinations were performed. In total, 38 Wistar …


Preantral Follicle Morphometry And Ultrastructure Of Antral Follicles In Anatolian Water Buffalo, Duygu Baki̇ Acar, Muhammed Kürşad Bi̇rdane, Çi̇ğdem Tokyol, Nermi̇n Nüket Göçmen Karabeki̇r, Hati̇ce Mürvet Hayran, Erhan Özenç, Fatma Aktepe, Ebubeki̇r Yazici, İlknur Pi̇r Yağci, Mehmet Uçar Oct 2023

Preantral Follicle Morphometry And Ultrastructure Of Antral Follicles In Anatolian Water Buffalo, Duygu Baki̇ Acar, Muhammed Kürşad Bi̇rdane, Çi̇ğdem Tokyol, Nermi̇n Nüket Göçmen Karabeki̇r, Hati̇ce Mürvet Hayran, Erhan Özenç, Fatma Aktepe, Ebubeki̇r Yazici, İlknur Pi̇r Yağci, Mehmet Uçar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to evaluate quantitative and morphometric analyses of preantral follicles and the ultrastructural characteristics of antral follicles in different oestrous cycle stages in Anatolian water buffaloes. Twenty-four ovaries collected from twelve slaughtered Anatolian water buffaloes were classified macroscopically as luteal or follicular stages. The ovaries were prepared for histological examination (Hematoxylin-eosin staining), and primordial, primary, and secondary follicle numbers were calculated, and the diameters of oocytes, follicles, and nuclei were measured under a light microscope with a micrometre. The theca and granulosa cells of antral follicles were observed under a transmission electron microscope. The mean number of preantral …


Immunoreactivity Of Infiltrating Macrophages During Gastric Ulcer Healing In Rats, Erkmen Tuğrul Epi̇kmen, Emrah İpek, Recai̇ Tunca Oct 2023

Immunoreactivity Of Infiltrating Macrophages During Gastric Ulcer Healing In Rats, Erkmen Tuğrul Epi̇kmen, Emrah İpek, Recai̇ Tunca

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study investigated a timeline of changes in the immunoreactivity of infiltrating macrophages during gastric ulcer healing. To this end, gastric tissue samples were obtained from an acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model in rats on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 14th days of ulcer induction. Ulcerated gastric tissues were subjected to histologic and immunohistochemical evaluations for macrophage subtypes. The number of Iba-1+ macrophages in the gastric ulcer area significantly increased on day 3, reaching a maximum number on day 7, followed by a decrease on day 14. No Gal-3+ macrophages were seen in the gastric ulcer area until day 14. …


Radiographic Pelvimetry In Scottish Fold Cats: Sex-Related Differences, Osman Yilmaz, Davut Koca, Talha Avcilar Oct 2023

Radiographic Pelvimetry In Scottish Fold Cats: Sex-Related Differences, Osman Yilmaz, Davut Koca, Talha Avcilar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out to obtain osteometric measurements of the pelvis of Scottish Fold cats using X-ray images and reveal the biometric differences of these measurement values in terms of sexual dimorphism. Radiographic images of the pelvis in the laterolateral and ventrodorsal direction were used in male and female Scottish Fold cats aged 2-4 years with dystocia and eutocia. The measurements of 18 osteometric parameters and 36 parameters, such as the height/width ratio of the cat pelvis, were taken, and statistical analysis of the measurements was initiated. When the pelvimetric data were examined, it was observed that all of …


The Effect Of Using Different Litter Materials In Broiler Rearing On Performance, Carcass Yield, Antioxidant Status, Some Litter Parameters, And Coccidiosis Oocysts, Gökhan Şen, Mehmet Naci̇ Oktay, Şevket Evci̇, Sami̇ Gökpinar, Ali̇ Şenol Oct 2023

The Effect Of Using Different Litter Materials In Broiler Rearing On Performance, Carcass Yield, Antioxidant Status, Some Litter Parameters, And Coccidiosis Oocysts, Gökhan Şen, Mehmet Naci̇ Oktay, Şevket Evci̇, Sami̇ Gökpinar, Ali̇ Şenol

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of various mixtures of different litter materials containing wood shaving and barley straw on body weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, carcass yield, antioxidant state, litter quality, and coccidio oocysts in broilers rearing. For this purpose, a total of 120, 0-day-old Ross 308 broilers were assigned to 3 groups with 4 replicates. Wood shaving, barley straw, and wood shaving + barley straw group had 10 chicks in each replicate, a total of 40 chicks in each group. When the overall period of the study was examined, it was determined that …


In Vitro Determination Of The Anthelmintic Potential Of Arum Rupicola Boiss Var. Rupicola, Tuğrul Atalay, Kader Yildiz Oct 2023

In Vitro Determination Of The Anthelmintic Potential Of Arum Rupicola Boiss Var. Rupicola, Tuğrul Atalay, Kader Yildiz

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Arum rupicola Boiss var. rupicola is a preferred ingredient in traditional medicine in various countries, including Türkiye. The current study aims to establish the antiparasitic effect of A. rupicola Boiss var. rupicola on the eggs and larvae of T. canis in vitro. An ovicidal effect was not detected in the plant extracts, and embryogenesis in the T. canis eggs was not affected by the leaves' ethanolic extract and the distilled water extract of the rhizome during the incubation periods (6, 12, and 24 h). The larvicidal activity was observed in both extracts on the T. canis larvae after hatching. All …


Impact Of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Fresh Meal On The Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes, Hematology, And Intestinal Histology Of Cork Fish (Channa Striata), Boby Muslimin, Danang Yonarta, Eny Heriyati, Helmizuryani Helmizuryani, Meika Puspita Sari, Dewi Apriyanti, Rahmat Kurniawan Aug 2023

Impact Of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Fresh Meal On The Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes, Hematology, And Intestinal Histology Of Cork Fish (Channa Striata), Boby Muslimin, Danang Yonarta, Eny Heriyati, Helmizuryani Helmizuryani, Meika Puspita Sari, Dewi Apriyanti, Rahmat Kurniawan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is an alternative ingredient for Fish Meal (FM) which is expected to reduce aquaculture operational costs and positively impact fish growth and health. The effect of BSF fresh meal on growth response, digestibility, intestinal hematology, and intestinal histology of cork fish was investigated. The BSF experiment with mixed percentages as treatments, by 20%, 50%, 80%, and 100%, was repeated four times. Furthermore, there were 50 individuals/m3 cork fish with an average weight of 1.6 ± 0.05 g distributed in each treatment. An increase in BSF influences a significant decrease in the Relative Growth Weight (RGW) and …


Comparison Of Bacterial Profile And Antibiotic Susceptibility Isolated From Surgical Site After Ventral Midline And Lateral Flank Approaches Of Ovariohysterectomy In Queens And Bitches, Ebru Karakaya Bi̇len, Serpi̇l Kahya Demi̇rbi̇lek, Öznur Yilmaz, Muhammet Ali̇ Karadağ, Havva Aner Aug 2023

Comparison Of Bacterial Profile And Antibiotic Susceptibility Isolated From Surgical Site After Ventral Midline And Lateral Flank Approaches Of Ovariohysterectomy In Queens And Bitches, Ebru Karakaya Bi̇len, Serpi̇l Kahya Demi̇rbi̇lek, Öznur Yilmaz, Muhammet Ali̇ Karadağ, Havva Aner

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to identify the bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility from surgical site cultures in queens and bitches undergoing ovariohysterectomy via ventral midline and lateral flank approaches. Healthy 22 queens and 21 bitches were assigned randomly either ventral midline or lateral flank approach for routine ovariohysterectomy. Surgical site samples were collected before the surgery and on the 1$^{st}$, 2$^{nd}$ , and 3 $^{rd}$days after the surgery for microbiological analysis. A total of 70 different strains were isolated from 50 (29%) of 172 samples. In both queens and bitches the total number of bacteria isolated from the …


Stereological Investigation Of Medulla Oblongata Volume In Norduz Sheep, Ozan Ertaş, Gamze Çakmak Aug 2023

Stereological Investigation Of Medulla Oblongata Volume In Norduz Sheep, Ozan Ertaş, Gamze Çakmak

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

In this study, it was aimed to stereologically examine the medulla oblongata volume of Norduz sheep in the Gürpınar District of Van Province. Upon receiving news from the sections in the Gürpınar region, we went to the region. A total of 12 Norduz sheep skulls, 6 females and 6 males, were received from the Norduz sheep slaughter in the region. After the brains of Norduz sheep were dissected, they were fixed as a whole in formaldehyde for 1 week. Medulla oblongatas were separated from the brain and kept in formaldehyde for 1 week. Tissues obtained by sequential random sampling from …