Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 3075

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effects Of Vitamin D Administration At The Beginning Of Lactation In Dairy Cows Oninflammatory Response And Liver Metabolism, Feyyaz Kaya, Hasan Batmaz Jan 2022

Effects Of Vitamin D Administration At The Beginning Of Lactation In Dairy Cows Oninflammatory Response And Liver Metabolism, Feyyaz Kaya, Hasan Batmaz

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D administered 24 h after calving of dairy cows on calcium-phosphorus metabolism, carbohydrate, lipid and liver metabolism, and inflammatory response. Twenty multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to the experimental (EG) and control group (CG). The EG received 5,000,000 IU vitamin D3 (5 mL) 24 h after parturition intramuscularly, whereas the CG group received 5 mL of 0.9% NaCl. Blood samples were taken 24 h after parturition before treatments and at the 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 28th days of lactation. Serum NEFA, BHBA, haptoglobin, serum amyloid A (SAA), ceruloplasmin, calcium, phosphorus, …


A Comparative Study Of Blood And Milk Chemiluminescence In Healthy Cows And Withsubclinical And Clinical Mastitis, Radoslaw Skorzewski, Wieslaw Krumrych, Hanna Markiewicz, Elzbieta Sandurska Jan 2022

A Comparative Study Of Blood And Milk Chemiluminescence In Healthy Cows And Withsubclinical And Clinical Mastitis, Radoslaw Skorzewski, Wieslaw Krumrych, Hanna Markiewicz, Elzbieta Sandurska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to evaluate the luminol-dependent spontaneous and stimulated chemiluminescence (CL) of whole blood and milk in cows with subclinical and clinical mastitis. The research was carried out on 108 Holstein-Friesian dairy cows aged 3-5 years. Based on the assessment of somatic cell count (SCC) in quarter milk, the animals were divided into 3 groups: I - clinically healthy cows (n = 35), II - animals with subclinical mastitis (n = 30) and III - cows with clinical mastitis (n = 43). The material for the research was whole blood and quarter milk. The samples were …


A Biological Perspective On Interpreting Interaction Effect, Serdar Genç, Mehmet Mendeş Jan 2022

A Biological Perspective On Interpreting Interaction Effect, Serdar Genç, Mehmet Mendeş

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Factorial experiments are commonly employed in agricultural research as in other branches of applied sciences. In these experiments, inferences related to the interaction are essential. However, many researchers are still unable to analyze this type of experiment and interpret the results in the correct way. This is because researchers focus on interpreting the main effects although there is a significant interaction effect. Of course, meaningful main effects can exist even in the presence of an interaction, especially if interactions do not affect the main effects. Therefore, it is extremely important to understand thoroughly in which situations only the interaction effect(s), …


Do Horses Learn How To Reach For Feed Depending On The Time Of Day?, Agnieszka Ziemianska, Maciej Trojan, Konrad Bazewicz, Justyna Wojtas, Tomasz Próchniak, Iwona Rozempolska-Rucinska Jan 2022

Do Horses Learn How To Reach For Feed Depending On The Time Of Day?, Agnieszka Ziemianska, Maciej Trojan, Konrad Bazewicz, Justyna Wojtas, Tomasz Próchniak, Iwona Rozempolska-Rucinska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to assess the ability of horses to learn how to open feeder boxes in a direction associated with the time of day. The study involved 10 horses. The first stage of the study consisted in learning how to complete the task. The second stage involved the test and was followed by a control stage. The results indicated the highest number of failed attempts in the leftward movement test. The mean time required by the horses to complete the task of the leftward opening (10.27 s) was twofold longer than in the rightward direction test …


Gene Expression And Doppler Flowmetry Of The Reproductive Tract In Nelore (Bos Indicus)Cows Synchronized With Estradiol And Equine Chorionic Gonadotrophin, Itamara Gomes De França, Nancyleni Pinto Cahves Bezerra, Alcina Vieira Carvalho Neta, Larissa Sarmento Santos, Diego Luiz Ds Santos Ribeiro, Jose Ribamar S Torres Junior Jan 2022

Gene Expression And Doppler Flowmetry Of The Reproductive Tract In Nelore (Bos Indicus)Cows Synchronized With Estradiol And Equine Chorionic Gonadotrophin, Itamara Gomes De França, Nancyleni Pinto Cahves Bezerra, Alcina Vieira Carvalho Neta, Larissa Sarmento Santos, Diego Luiz Ds Santos Ribeiro, Jose Ribamar S Torres Junior

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Forty Nelore cows were submitted to timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol and randomly assigned to groups according to estradiol (E2) ester (cypionate or benzoate, i.e. EC or EB) and equine chorionic gonadotrophin treatment (eCG or No-eCG) in a factorial 2x2 design. On a random day of the estrous cycle (Day 0), cows received a P4 intravaginal device plus 2 mg im injection of EB. At the time of P4 device removal (Day 8), cows were treated with 0.150 mg im of D-cloprostenol (PGF) and randomly divided to receive or not 400 UI im of eCG, as well as randomly assigned …


Effects Of Probiotic Supplementation For Piglets In A Nursery: A Meta-Analysis Ofcontrolled Randomized Studies, Isabella Cristina De Castro Lippi, Larissa Braganholo Vargas, Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara, Henrique Biasotto Morais, Jean Kaique Valentim, Janaína Palermo Mendes Jan 2022

Effects Of Probiotic Supplementation For Piglets In A Nursery: A Meta-Analysis Ofcontrolled Randomized Studies, Isabella Cristina De Castro Lippi, Larissa Braganholo Vargas, Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara, Henrique Biasotto Morais, Jean Kaique Valentim, Janaína Palermo Mendes

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The objective of this article was to evaluate the effect of probiotic addition on average daily gain and feed conversion on the final piglet nursery phase. This study used a systematic review by meta-analysis to contrast the effect of piglets supplementation without antibiotics (negative control) and with antibiotics (positive control). These results archived a dichotomy that suggests a need for different statistical treatments to evaluate these outcomes obtained by articles. Because of this, a metaanalysis evaluation is justified to identify the animal performance on probiotic or antibiotic supplementation conditions. The use of probiotics improved the feed conversion in the experiments …


Determination Of Plant-Specific Retrotransposons In Chicken, Levent Mercan, Ci̇hat Erdem Bülbül, Fati̇h Bi̇lgi̇, Sevgi̇ Marakli Jan 2022

Determination Of Plant-Specific Retrotransposons In Chicken, Levent Mercan, Ci̇hat Erdem Bülbül, Fati̇h Bi̇lgi̇, Sevgi̇ Marakli

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Mobile genetic elements are also known as transposons, comprising a significant proportion of plant and animal genomes. Retrotransposons, a class of transposons, move copy and paste mechanism and, therefore, cause genome obesity. Moreover, the transferability of retrotransposons within and between different kingdoms has provided valuable information for evolutionary relationships in addition to detailed knowledge about genomes. We identified barley-specific retrotransposons (Nikita and Sukkula) and determined polymorphism ratios of these retrotransposons in a chicken genome for the first time to gain new insights for retrotransposons found in different genomes. Transposon sequences belonging to chicken and barley genomes were also investigated to …


The Effects Of Polymorphisms In The Cx3cr1 Gene On The Development Of Canine Hipdysplasia, Sertaç Atalay, Süleyman Kök Jan 2022

The Effects Of Polymorphisms In The Cx3cr1 Gene On The Development Of Canine Hipdysplasia, Sertaç Atalay, Süleyman Kök

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Hip dysplasia, caused by both environmental and genetic components, is a common disorder characterized by hip instability in humans and dogs. Unfortunately, the genetic mechanisms that cause the disease in both have not been fully determined. The aim of this study was polymorphisms in the exon 2 and 3' UTR regions of the CX3CR1 gene were determined and their effects on the development of Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) in three dog breeds (German Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, Labrador Retriever). For this purpose, a case -control study was designed with 172 dogs in Dog Breeding and Training Center (DBTC) in Turkey. Each …


Bayesian Genomic Prediction Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa In Sheep, Burak Karacaören Jan 2022

Bayesian Genomic Prediction Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa In Sheep, Burak Karacaören

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEP) is a heritable skin and mucosa disorder in association with mendelian mutations in sheep. The purpose of this investigation is to explore the relationship between different priors, linkage disequilibrium, and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) selection methods and accuracy of Bayesian GP of JEP in sheep. Ninety-two Spanish Churra sheep breed genotyped by 40668 SNP markers. Bayes C? was shown to have slightly higher predicted accuracy [0.724 (0.113)] by unselected data. Prediction performance of the Bayesian GP models was found to be similar after correction for LD. There was a significant difference between predicted accuracies due to …


Epidemiological Investigation Of Bovine Tuberculosis Infection Dynamics In Turkey, Şahi̇n Çakir, Murat Yildirim, Kadi̇r Serdar Di̇ker, Fevzi̇ye İpek Keski̇n, Selcen Yüksel, Burak Deveci̇, Erhan Akçay Jan 2022

Epidemiological Investigation Of Bovine Tuberculosis Infection Dynamics In Turkey, Şahi̇n Çakir, Murat Yildirim, Kadi̇r Serdar Di̇ker, Fevzi̇ye İpek Keski̇n, Selcen Yüksel, Burak Deveci̇, Erhan Akçay

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

A national epidemiological research project was carried out to define the dynamics affecting the epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) infection in Turkey and to identify the risk factors. Official veterinarian (OV) and breeder original questionnaires were produced separately as part of this study to collect thorough data regarding the disease from the field. The number of questionnaires that needed to be filled out was decided by 95% confidence interval (CI) and 5% margin of error. The findings of 371 OV and 317 breeder questionnaires completed online across the country were analyzed. In addition, 28 outbreaks determined by random method were …


Genotypic Characterization Of Meat-Type Lambs Expressing The Callipyge Gene In Turkey:I. Carcass Characteristics And Retail Yield, Vasfi̇ye Kader Esen, Seli̇m Esen, Orhan Karadağ, Alper Önenç, Cengi̇z Elmaci Jan 2022

Genotypic Characterization Of Meat-Type Lambs Expressing The Callipyge Gene In Turkey:I. Carcass Characteristics And Retail Yield, Vasfi̇ye Kader Esen, Seli̇m Esen, Orhan Karadağ, Alper Önenç, Cengi̇z Elmaci

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study is set out to evaluate the effects of callipyge (CLPG) gene, attributed to sheep affecting growth and meat quality, on carcass and sensory trait of most preferred meat-type lamb (Kıvırcık, Karacabey Merino, Ramlıç, German Black-Head Mutton × Kıvırcık, Hampshire Down × Merino) in the western part of Turkey. Two datasets were used: (i) 177 lambs (66 males, 111 females) to determine genotype and allele frequencies; (ii) 48 genotypically identified male lambs for the assessment of carcass and meat sensory quality. It was found that homozygous (NN) and heterozygous (MN) conditions of the CLPG gene were observed in all …


Estimation Of The Factors Affecting Lactation Milk Yield Of Holstein Cattle By The Adaptiveneuro-Fuzzy Inference System, Aycan Mutlu Yağanoğlu Jan 2022

Estimation Of The Factors Affecting Lactation Milk Yield Of Holstein Cattle By The Adaptiveneuro-Fuzzy Inference System, Aycan Mutlu Yağanoğlu

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study is to estimate lactation milk yield of Holstein cattle using first calving age, lactation period, and service period with (ANFIS) adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system. The input variables for the system in the study were first calving age, lactation period, and service period. The output variable from the system was lactation milk yield. Predicted values obtained from the ANFIS were compared with the observed values. Twenty-seven rule functions are used to obtain the best model and 1000 epochs are used to estimate the accuracy of the training and testing error. The relations between the output and …


The Conservation Method Effects Of The Barley-Vetch Mixture Planted Together On Theperformance Of Pregnant Ewes, Hasan Hüseyi̇n Şenyüz, Engi̇n Ünay, Abdulkadi̇r Eri̇şek, Arzu Erol Tunç, Çağatay Yildirim, Nurgül Erdal, Muhammed İkbal Coşkun, Hali̇l Maraş Jan 2022

The Conservation Method Effects Of The Barley-Vetch Mixture Planted Together On Theperformance Of Pregnant Ewes, Hasan Hüseyi̇n Şenyüz, Engi̇n Ünay, Abdulkadi̇r Eri̇şek, Arzu Erol Tunç, Çağatay Yildirim, Nurgül Erdal, Muhammed İkbal Coşkun, Hali̇l Maraş

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of barley-vetch hay and barley-vetch silage on liveweight change in pregnant sheep and birthweight in lambs and to determine the optimal form of barley-vetch roughage usage in sheep feeding. Forty-eight (Kıvırcık x Akkaraman (G1) sheep were blocked according to age and randomly distributed to three groups: barley-vetch hay (H, n = 16), barleyvetch silage (S, n = 16), and the control group (C, n = 16). The H group was fed barley-vetch hay ad libitum and limited concentrate, the S group was fed barley-vetch silage ad libitum and limited concentrate, …


Effects Of Age And Body Region On Wool Characteristics Of Merino Sheep Crossbreds In Turkey, Sedat Behrem, Sabri̇ Gül Jan 2022

Effects Of Age And Body Region On Wool Characteristics Of Merino Sheep Crossbreds In Turkey, Sedat Behrem, Sabri̇ Gül

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Aim of this study was to comparatively investigate the wool characteristics of Central Anatolian Merino, Karacabey Merino and Ramlıç sheep, which are common crossbred sheep breeds in Turkey. A total of 360 wool samples were equally collected from the shoulder, rib, and rump of each lamb (3-6 months-age), yearlings (1-1.5-year age), primiparous ewes (2-2.5-year age) and multiparous ewes (3-3.5-year age) were used for analysis. Each sample was analyzed to determine fibre diameter, length, clean fleece yield, elasticity, and strength. Also, live weight after shearing and greasy fleece weights were recorded for each animal. Statistical analysis of this study was performed …


Dental Morphometric Investigation On The Chinchilla (Chinchilla Lanigera) Using A Threedimensionalreconstruction Model, Sema Özkadi̇f, Emrullah Eken, Ayşe Haligür Jan 2022

Dental Morphometric Investigation On The Chinchilla (Chinchilla Lanigera) Using A Threedimensionalreconstruction Model, Sema Özkadi̇f, Emrullah Eken, Ayşe Haligür

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to reveal the morphometric characteristics of the teeth of the chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera), which are both kept as pet animals and raised for the economic value of their fur, using three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions created from two-dimensional (2D) multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images and to investigate whether there was a difference between the sexes. A total of 12 chinchillas of both sexes (six males and six females) were used. The teeth reconstructions of the animals were performed with Mimics. 14.1 3D modeling software on the 2D images was taken in the prone position. According to …


Production Efficiency, Nutrient Digestibility, And Meat Quality Of Broilers Reared Ondifferent Fat Sources And Emulsifiers, Muhammad Shoaib, Shaukat Ali Bhatti, Hassan Iqbal, Shahzad Ashraf, Najam Us Sahar, Muhammad Mahboob Ali Hamid, Muhammad Asim, Mubsher Hussain Jan 2022

Production Efficiency, Nutrient Digestibility, And Meat Quality Of Broilers Reared Ondifferent Fat Sources And Emulsifiers, Muhammad Shoaib, Shaukat Ali Bhatti, Hassan Iqbal, Shahzad Ashraf, Najam Us Sahar, Muhammad Mahboob Ali Hamid, Muhammad Asim, Mubsher Hussain

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Two fat sources, soybean oil (SO) and refined poultry oil (RPO), and 4 emulsifiers (control, lysolecithin, lysophospholipid, and bile acids) were used in this experiment. Thirteen hundred and sixty (1360) birds (ROSS - 308) were divided into 8 groups having 5 replicates, 34 birds in each. Energy efficiency, feed conversion (FCR), and protein efficiency ratios were improved in birds receiving SO than RPO diets. Weight gain, FCR, feed intake, and dressing percentage were increased in broiler birds receiving bile acid than those given lyso-phospholipid and lysolecithin (p < 0.05). Cooking loss was greater (p < 0.05) in broiler birds given RPO than those fed SO. Birds receiving bile acid had greater (p < 0.05) water holding capacity of chest meat than other fat emulsifiers. Bile acids in broiler diet presented higher (p < 0.05) digestibility of crude protein and ether extract as compared to other treatments. Bile acid supplemented diets had a minimum (p < 0.05) cost of production per kg live weight than other fat emulsifiers. Therefore, the use of bile acids with RPO diets can increase nutrient digestibility, growth performance, meat quality, and economic efficiency in broiler production systems.


Effects Of Dietary Calcium, Phosphorus And Microbial Phytase On Intestinal Morphologyin Laying Hens, Sabi̇re Güler, Ender Deni̇z Asmaz, Nuray Varol Kayapunar, İhsan İşbi̇li̇r, Şeri̇fe Şule Cengi̇z, Derya Yeşi̇lbağ, Ahmet Batuhan Şanli, Eyüp Eren Gültepe Jan 2022

Effects Of Dietary Calcium, Phosphorus And Microbial Phytase On Intestinal Morphologyin Laying Hens, Sabi̇re Güler, Ender Deni̇z Asmaz, Nuray Varol Kayapunar, İhsan İşbi̇li̇r, Şeri̇fe Şule Cengi̇z, Derya Yeşi̇lbağ, Ahmet Batuhan Şanli, Eyüp Eren Gültepe

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Different challenges are being applied in the poultry industry in order to protect animal health and to increase immunity and production. The supplementation of microbial phytase is essential in terms of both reducing the inorganic phytase rate and contributing to the absorption of other minerals. In this study, a newly isolated microbial phytase was added at different concentrations to the diet together with calcium (Ca$^{2+}$) and available phosphorus (AP), and the effects of this supplementation on intestinal absorption capacity and Ca$^{2+}$ binding capacity were investigated via morphological measurements and immunohistochemical examination of the duodenum and ileum. For this purpose, 90 …


Productive Performance, Egg Quality, And Hatching Traits Of Japanese Quail Lines Selectedfor Higher Body Weight And Egg Number, Abdur Rehman, Jibran Hussain, Athar Mahmud, Khalid Javed, Abdul Ghayas, Sohail Ahmad Jan 2022

Productive Performance, Egg Quality, And Hatching Traits Of Japanese Quail Lines Selectedfor Higher Body Weight And Egg Number, Abdur Rehman, Jibran Hussain, Athar Mahmud, Khalid Javed, Abdul Ghayas, Sohail Ahmad

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The present study evaluated the effect of selection for higher body weight (weight based selection = WBS) and egg numbers (egg based selection = EBS) on productivity, egg quality, and hatching traits of Japanese quail for three generations. From a base population of 1125 day-old chicks of Japanese quail, best performing families were allowed to propagate for getting next generation. WBS in G3 presented higher values of feed intake, egg weight, hatching weight. However, egg production and feed conversion ratio were better in EBS during G3. The incidence of embryonic mortality was also lower in the WBS line. In the …


The Impact Of Fusarium Mycotoxins On Macro And Micro Parameters Of Dairy Cattle, Rimvydas Falkauskas, Bronius Bakutis, Jurgita Jovaisiene, Gintare Vaiciuliene, Gediminas Gerulis, Rasa Zelvyte, Elena Bartkiene, Ignas Silinskas, Jolita Klementaviciute, Violeta Baliukoniene Jan 2022

The Impact Of Fusarium Mycotoxins On Macro And Micro Parameters Of Dairy Cattle, Rimvydas Falkauskas, Bronius Bakutis, Jurgita Jovaisiene, Gintare Vaiciuliene, Gediminas Gerulis, Rasa Zelvyte, Elena Bartkiene, Ignas Silinskas, Jolita Klementaviciute, Violeta Baliukoniene

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact on macro and micro parameters of dairy cattle when cows consumed total mixed ration (TMR) contaminated with (zearalenone) ZEA and deoxynivalenol (DON) for 60 days. Macro indicators included milk composition and production and micro parameters included blood components, rumen volatile fatty acids (VFAs), and ZEA and DON concentrations in rumen fluid and milk. Twenty dairy cows were fed TMR with naturally contaminated mycotoxins (ZEA 300 - 500 μg/kg; DON 102 - 200 μg/kg). The trial lasted for 60 days. Samples of blood, rumen fluid, and milk were taken three …


Evaluation Of Morphological Traits In Aseel And Kadaknath Breeds Under Backyardpoultry Farming Using Principal Component Analysis, Manoj Kumar, Satpal Dahiya, Poonam Ratwan, Nancy Sheoran Jan 2022

Evaluation Of Morphological Traits In Aseel And Kadaknath Breeds Under Backyardpoultry Farming Using Principal Component Analysis, Manoj Kumar, Satpal Dahiya, Poonam Ratwan, Nancy Sheoran

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Aseel and Kadaknath chickens are recognized for their hardiness and adaptability to warm and humid climates and are being used for genetic improvement of different breeds which are appropriate for backyard poultry farming in India. In the present study, an attempt was made for the first time in India to assess the relationship among morphological traits and to explain the body conformation of Aseel and Kadaknath breeds under backyard poultry farming using principal component analysis (PCA). Eleven different morphological traits viz., 24-week body weight, comb length, keel length, body length, back length, breast girth, breast angle, radius-ulna length, shank length, …


Effects Of Rumen-Protected Methionine And Lysine On Milk Yield And Milk Composition Inholstein Dairy Cows Consuming A Corn Grain And Canola Meal-Based Diet, Emrah Gülgün, Eki̇n Sucu Jan 2022

Effects Of Rumen-Protected Methionine And Lysine On Milk Yield And Milk Composition Inholstein Dairy Cows Consuming A Corn Grain And Canola Meal-Based Diet, Emrah Gülgün, Eki̇n Sucu

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Methionine (Met) and lysine (Lys) are thought to be the two most important amino acids for lactation performance. Met and Lys dietary supplementation can thus be an effective approach to improve amino acid balance for lactation performance, particularly in early lactation. The purpose of this study was to determine how rumen-protected (RP) Met + Lys affect milk production, milk composition, and feed efficiency in primiparous Holstein dairy cows fed a corn grain and canola meal-based diet for 60 days (8.5 weeks) following calving. Two hundred primiparous Holstein dairy cows were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments based on …


Effect Of Kefir Consumption On Intestinal Microbiota And Some Blood Parameters Inangora Cats, Ruhi̇ Kabakçi, Gi̇zem Çufaoğlu, Gökhan Şen Jan 2022

Effect Of Kefir Consumption On Intestinal Microbiota And Some Blood Parameters Inangora Cats, Ruhi̇ Kabakçi, Gi̇zem Çufaoğlu, Gökhan Şen

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Probiotics are one of the best alternatives to improve gut health. Kefir, which was discovered in the North Caucasus centuries ago, is still consumed frequently today due to its health benefits. Its impacts on the gastrointestinal system have begun to be investigated in animals. In this study, we focused to examine the effect of kefir on intestinal microbiota, some hematological parameters, and fecal quality in Angora cats to provide preliminary data regarding the hypothesis of its use as an alternative probiotic food supplement. Commercial kefir was given orally (30 mL/kg) to seven healthy Angora cats for 14 days. On day …


The Effects Of Biological And Health Characteristics Of Dogs On Intraindividual Variabilityof Blood Parameters, Sandra Nikolic, Branislava Belic, Marko Cincovic, Nikolina Novakov, Nada Plavsa, Sara Savic Jan 2022

The Effects Of Biological And Health Characteristics Of Dogs On Intraindividual Variabilityof Blood Parameters, Sandra Nikolic, Branislava Belic, Marko Cincovic, Nikolina Novakov, Nada Plavsa, Sara Savic

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Considering the great diversity among dogs and their different biological and health characteristics, as well as different treatment protocols, it has become important to assess the effects of these factors on intraindividual variability of blood parameters in dogs, which is the aim of this study. Blood samples were collected from one hundred client-owned dogs. The dogs were of different age, breed, sex, body condition, reproductive, and health status and were presented to the veterinary clinic for preventive or diagnostic procedures. The effect of age on intraindividual variation was significant for various blood parameters and it was essential to establish new …


Comparison Of Low-Level Laser And Dimethyl Sulfoxide Applications For The Treatment Oftendon Injury In Rabbits, Kardelen Ceydeli̇oğlu, Gülteki̇n Atalan, Duygu Yaman Gram, Gökçen Perk Jan 2022

Comparison Of Low-Level Laser And Dimethyl Sulfoxide Applications For The Treatment Oftendon Injury In Rabbits, Kardelen Ceydeli̇oğlu, Gülteki̇n Atalan, Duygu Yaman Gram, Gökçen Perk

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on tendon healing in rabbits. A total of 30 adult healthy New Zealand rabbits were used for this study. The rabbits were randomly allocated into 3 groups containing an equal animal number. The experimental tenotomy of the Achilles tendons was created on longitudinal aspect with 10 mm in length. During the postoperative 21-day of period, rabbits in Group I were exposed to laser beam at a rate of 10.8 J/cm$^{2}$ in 5 cm$^{2}$ area for 4 min. In the …


Comparison Of M, Mm And Lts Estimators In Linear Regression In The Presence Of Outlier, Cem Tirink, Hasan Önder Jan 2022

Comparison Of M, Mm And Lts Estimators In Linear Regression In The Presence Of Outlier, Cem Tirink, Hasan Önder

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the performance of different estimators that will be used in regression analysis, which is one of the multivariate statistical methods in the presence of outliers in the data set. Sixth month live weight was estimated with various body measurements for Saanen kids taken from a private farm. In the data set, the use and performance of robust estimators were evaluated because the least squares method did not provide reliable results in the case of outliers. M (for Huber and Tukey bisquare) estimator, MM estimator and LTS estimator were used as robust used …


Occurrence Of Some Pathogenic Bacteria In Cattle Feed Samples Before And After Invasionby European Starlings, Özcan Şahi̇n, Talha Demi̇rci̇, Sai̇m Boztepe, İbrahi̇m Ayteki̇n, İsmai̇l Keski̇n, Uğur Zülkadi̇r Jan 2022

Occurrence Of Some Pathogenic Bacteria In Cattle Feed Samples Before And After Invasionby European Starlings, Özcan Şahi̇n, Talha Demi̇rci̇, Sai̇m Boztepe, İbrahi̇m Ayteki̇n, İsmai̇l Keski̇n, Uğur Zülkadi̇r

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out to investigate the species identification and enumeration of some pathogenic microorganisms before and after feeding the full ration contaminated by predatory starling bird herds on 5 different days in the dairy cattle farm in Aksaray. At the end of the study, the average number of E.coli obtained from the feed samples taken before the arrival of starlings was 6.46 log cfu/g, while the number of E.coli obtained from the feed taken after starling birds flocked to the feed was found as 6.80 log cfu/g. While the average Campylobacter spp. number was 5.50 log cfu/g, this …


The Molecular Prevalence Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Babesia Spp., And Anaplasma Spp. Inshelter Dogs Of The Thrace Region In Turkey, Nuri̇ Altuğ, Mustafa Necati̇ Muz, Di̇lek Muz, Fulya Altinok Yi̇pel Jan 2022

The Molecular Prevalence Of Borrelia Burgdorferi, Babesia Spp., And Anaplasma Spp. Inshelter Dogs Of The Thrace Region In Turkey, Nuri̇ Altuğ, Mustafa Necati̇ Muz, Di̇lek Muz, Fulya Altinok Yi̇pel

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The study aimed to update the molecular prevalence of some tick-borne pathogens (Borrelia burgdorferi, Babesia spp., and Anaplasma spp.) in the shelter dogs of the Thrace Region, Turkey. The study was carried out on 450 dogs from 7 pet shelters. The individual data of the dogs were recorded, and blood samples were collected in tubes with anticoagulants (EDTA). Then, individual PCR protocols were applied to all samples for the three infective agents. PCR test results recorded for B. burgdorferi is 38.22% (n = 172), 24.22% (n = 109) for Babesia spp., and 21.6% (n = 97) for Anaplasma spp. The …


Genetic Variation At The Olr1, Anxa9, Myf5, Ltf, Igf1, Lgb, Csn3, Pit1, Mbl1,Cacna2d1, And Abcg2 Loci In Turkish Grey Steppe, Anatolian Black, And Eastanatolian Red Cattle, Özden Çobanoğlu, Sena Ardiçli Jan 2022

Genetic Variation At The Olr1, Anxa9, Myf5, Ltf, Igf1, Lgb, Csn3, Pit1, Mbl1,Cacna2d1, And Abcg2 Loci In Turkish Grey Steppe, Anatolian Black, And Eastanatolian Red Cattle, Özden Çobanoğlu, Sena Ardiçli

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Native breeds are excellent sources of genetic variation. Anatolian native breeds are relatives of the first cattle domesticated and are ancestors of many European breeds. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the genetic variation of OLR1, ANXA9, MYF5, LTF, IGF1, LGB, CSN3, PIT1, MBL1, CACNA2D1, and ABCG2 markers in Turkish Grey Steppe, Anatolian Black, and East Anatolian Red cattle. The analysis included 367 cattle and the genotyping was performed by the PCR-RFLP. Population genetics indices including heterozygosity, the number of effective alleles, the polymorphism information content, fixation index, and the level of possible variability realization, and moreover, the genetic diversity …


Investigation Of Igg, Vimentin, Cd45 Distribution, And Density In Mouse Placenta Atdifferent Periods Of Pregnancy, Seçi̇l Koç, Şadi̇ye Kum Jan 2022

Investigation Of Igg, Vimentin, Cd45 Distribution, And Density In Mouse Placenta Atdifferent Periods Of Pregnancy, Seçi̇l Koç, Şadi̇ye Kum

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and density of IgG, vimentin, and CD45 in mouse placenta on the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth days of pregnancy. Strept avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (streptABC) staining method was used. On the fourth day of pregnancy, the expression of IgG, vimentin, and CD45 was more intense around the uterine glands. On the tenth day, IgG, vimentin and CD45 positive cells were demonstrated in decidua basalis and mesometrial parietal trophoblast giant cells (P-TGCs) and mesometrial lymphocyte groups (MLAp) portions. The formation of the placenta was completed on the seventeenth day of pregnancy. The expression …


Effects Of Dietary Insect (Ephestia Kuehniella) Egg Meal On Growth Performance And Fattyacid Profile Of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio), Levent Doğankaya Jan 2022

Effects Of Dietary Insect (Ephestia Kuehniella) Egg Meal On Growth Performance And Fattyacid Profile Of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio), Levent Doğankaya

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The effects of mill moth (Ephestia kuehniella) egg meal (IEM) upon growth performance and fatty acid profile of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) (1.12 ± 0.01 g) were evaluated in triplicate groups for 12 weeks. Three isonitrogenous (35% CP) and isocaloric (17 MJ kg?1) diets were formulated replacing fishmeal with 0% (G-0), 50% (G-50), and 100% (G-100) IEM. The results of the trial indicated that G-50 had the highest growth performance values and a more efficient FCR (1.79). Replacement levels of IEM did not have any significant effect on survival. Total monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) were found to be statistically different …