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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Prevalence And Evaluation Of Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Among Critical And Non-Critical Areas At A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Romah Ishfaq, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Muhammad Ikrama Tanveer, Asma Ashraf Dec 2022

Prevalence And Evaluation Of Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Among Critical And Non-Critical Areas At A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Romah Ishfaq, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Muhammad Ikrama Tanveer, Asma Ashraf

Journal of Bioresource Management

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an extremely wide spread microorganism linked to nosocomial illnesses. Effective inspection of variations in antimicrobial resistance patterns of P. aeruginosa is vital for selecting suitable antimicrobial drugs for pragmatic treatment. The current research has been performed for assessing antimicrobial sensitivity profile of P. aeruginosa isolated as of a variety of medical specimens collected from critical and non-critical admitted patients of Nishtar Hospital, Multan. The isolates were detected utilizing standard lab practices, as well as the sensitivity was examined employing Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method corresponding to Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) recommendations 2019. Out of 373 samples, …


Does The Impact Of Arthritis On Participation In Social Activity Vary By Depression?, Mehnaaz Ali Dec 2022

Does The Impact Of Arthritis On Participation In Social Activity Vary By Depression?, Mehnaaz Ali

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Objective As the population’s longevity is increasing over time, the number of comorbidities that individuals are suffering with are also becoming evident. The objective is to determine whether individuals living with arthritis have difficulty in social activity participation while suffering with depression. Using the 2019 National Health Interview Survey, this analysis included males and females between 18 to 85 years of age. The dependent variable was social activity participation, where it was identifying participants whether they are or are not having difficulty taking part in social activities. The primary independent variables were depression and arthritis. Other covariates included the demographics …


Metamotivation In Medical Students: Explaining Motivation Regulation Strategies In Medical Students, Ali Norouzi, Maryam Alizadeh, Dean Parmelee, Saharnaz Nedjat, Saiideh Norouzi, Mohammad Shariati Nov 2022

Metamotivation In Medical Students: Explaining Motivation Regulation Strategies In Medical Students, Ali Norouzi, Maryam Alizadeh, Dean Parmelee, Saharnaz Nedjat, Saiideh Norouzi, Mohammad Shariati

Medical Education Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Metamotivation is a process that students use to monitor their motivational states to reach their academic goals. To date, few studies have addressed the ways that medical students manage their motivational states. This study aim to identify the motivational strategies of medical students as they use the metamotivational process to monitor and control their motivational states.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study uses directed content analysis of the narrative responses of 18 medical students to draft an in-depth and semistructured interview protocol which were conducted through WhatsApp due to social distance restrictions of COVID-19. Data were collected, encoded, and …


Motivational Components Involved In The Metamotivational Monitoring In Medical Students, Ali Norouzi, Dean Parmelee, Mohammad Shariati, Saiideh Norouzi, Maryam Alizadeh Nov 2022

Motivational Components Involved In The Metamotivational Monitoring In Medical Students, Ali Norouzi, Dean Parmelee, Mohammad Shariati, Saiideh Norouzi, Maryam Alizadeh

Medical Education Faculty Publications

Background: Theoretical implications of self-regulated learning emphasize that self-regulation of motivation (metamotivation) plays an important role in learning, effort, perseverance, and academic success in general. Metamotivation is how people monitor and control their motivational states to achieve their goals. Researchers believe that metamotivation includes two reciprocal processes: metamotivational monitoring, evaluating whether the person has selected the proper level (quantity) and type (quality) of motivation to perform his tasks; and metamotivational control, using the results of the monitoring phase and applying suitable strategies for adapting or changing the motivation. In metamotivational monitoring, students try to identify the declined motivational component in …


Motoneuron Excitability Dysfunction In Als: Pseudo-Mystery Or Authentic Conundrum?, Sherif M. Elbasiouny Oct 2022

Motoneuron Excitability Dysfunction In Als: Pseudo-Mystery Or Authentic Conundrum?, Sherif M. Elbasiouny

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), abnormalities in motoneuronal excitability are seen in early pathogenesis and throughout disease progression. Fully understanding motoneuron excitability dysfunction may lead to more effective treatments. Yet decades of research have not produced consensus on the nature, role or underlying mechanisms of motoneuron excitability dysfunction in ALS. For example, contrary to Ca excitotoxicity theory, predictions of motoneuronal hyper-excitability, normal and hypo-excitability have also been seen at various disease stages and in multiple ALS lines. Accordingly, motoneuron excitability dysfunction in ALS is a disputed topic in the field. Specifically, the form (hyper, hypo or unchanged) and what role …


Non-Invasive Transcutaneous Spinal Dc Stimulation As A Neurorehabilitation Als Therapy In Awake G93a Mice: The First Step To Clinical Translation, Morgan M. Highlander, Sherif M. Elbasiouny Sep 2022

Non-Invasive Transcutaneous Spinal Dc Stimulation As A Neurorehabilitation Als Therapy In Awake G93a Mice: The First Step To Clinical Translation, Morgan M. Highlander, Sherif M. Elbasiouny

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

Spinal direct current stimulation (sDCS) modulates motoneuron (MN) excitability beyond the stimulation period, making it a potential neurorehabilitation therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a MN degenerative disease in which MN excitability dysfunction plays a critical and complex role. Recent evidence confirms induced changes in MN excitability via measured MN electrophysiological properties in the SOD1 ALS mouse during and following invasive subcutaneous sDCS (ssDCS). The first aim of our pilot study was to determine the clinical potential of these excitability changes at symptom onset (P90-P105) in ALS via a novel non-invasive transcutaneous sDCS (tsDCS) treatment paradigm on un-anesthetized SOD1-G93A mice. …


Suppression Of Store-Operated Calcium Entry Channels And Cytokine Release By Cannabinoids, J. Ashot Kozak Sep 2022

Suppression Of Store-Operated Calcium Entry Channels And Cytokine Release By Cannabinoids, J. Ashot Kozak

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Drone-Based Water Sampling And Characterization Of Three Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms In The United States, Regina Hanlon, Stephen J. Jacquemin, Johnna A. Birbeck, Judy A. Westrick, Charbel Harb, Hope Gruszewski, Andrew P. Ault, Durelle Scott, Hosein Foroutan, Shane D. Ross, Javier González-Rocha, Craig Powers, Lowell Pratt, Harry Looney, Greg Baker, David G. Schmale Aug 2022

Drone-Based Water Sampling And Characterization Of Three Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms In The United States, Regina Hanlon, Stephen J. Jacquemin, Johnna A. Birbeck, Judy A. Westrick, Charbel Harb, Hope Gruszewski, Andrew P. Ault, Durelle Scott, Hosein Foroutan, Shane D. Ross, Javier González-Rocha, Craig Powers, Lowell Pratt, Harry Looney, Greg Baker, David G. Schmale

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Freshwater harmful algal blooms (HABs), caused mostly by toxic cyanobacteria, produce a range of cyanotoxins that threaten the health of humans and domestic animals. Climate conditions and anthropogenic influences such as agricultural run-off can alter the onset and intensity of HABs. Little is known about the distribution and spread of freshwater HABs. Current sampling protocols in some lakes involve teams of researchers that collect samples by hand from a boat and/or from the shoreline. Water samples can be collected from the surface, from discrete-depth collections, and/or from depth-integrated intervals. These collections are often restricted to certain months of the year, …


Optimal Dosing Of Enoxaparin In Overweight And Obese Children, Abdallah Derbalah, Stephen Duffull, Catherine M. Sherwin, Kathleen Job, Hesham Al‐Sallami Jul 2022

Optimal Dosing Of Enoxaparin In Overweight And Obese Children, Abdallah Derbalah, Stephen Duffull, Catherine M. Sherwin, Kathleen Job, Hesham Al‐Sallami

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Aim:Current enoxaparin dosing guidelines in children are based on total bodyweight. This is potentially inappropriate in obese children as it may overestimate thedrug clearance. Current evidence suggests that obese children may require lower ini-tial doses of enoxaparin, therefore the aim of this work was to characterise the phar-macokinetics of enoxaparin in obese children and to propose a more appropriatedosing regimen.Methods:Data from 196 unique encounters of 160 children who received enoxa-parin treatment doses were analysed. Enoxaparin concentration was quantified usingthe chromogenic anti factor Xa (anti-Xa) assay. Patients provided a total of 552 anti-Xa samples. Existing published pharmacokinetic (PK) models were fitted …


Hypothesis: Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Is A Determinant Of Fetal And Young Infant Bone Strength, Marvin E. Miller Jul 2022

Hypothesis: Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Is A Determinant Of Fetal And Young Infant Bone Strength, Marvin E. Miller

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Several studies have demonstrated that young infants who present with unexplained fractures have a higher frequency of joint hypermobility, either in themselves or their parents, compared to the general population. The joint hypermobility is often associated with the autosomal dominant hypermobile form of Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (h-EDS) in which the mother is far more likely the affected parent. Most of these infants have metabolic bone disease as their radiographs often show poor bone mineralization. Some have alleged these infants were abused, while others have stated infants who have h-EDS or a parent with h-EDS are at increased risk to fracture …


Presence Of Blaper-1 And Blaveb-1 Beta-Lactamase Genes Among Isolates Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa From Burn And Trauma Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan, Suleman Khan, Samiyah Tasleem, Alfarah Rehmat Ullah,, Sarwat Moon, Saad Alghamdi, Raina Saad Suliman, Muhammad Ateeq, Muhmmad Salman, Anas S. Dablool,, Banan Atwah, Farkad Bantun Jun 2022

Presence Of Blaper-1 And Blaveb-1 Beta-Lactamase Genes Among Isolates Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa From Burn And Trauma Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan, Suleman Khan, Samiyah Tasleem, Alfarah Rehmat Ullah,, Sarwat Moon, Saad Alghamdi, Raina Saad Suliman, Muhammad Ateeq, Muhmmad Salman, Anas S. Dablool,, Banan Atwah, Farkad Bantun

Journal of Bioresource Management

Pseudomonas aeruginosa spp are the most prevalent bacteria that cause nosocomial infections in hospitals. Most antibiotics, including novel new β-lactams, are already resistant to them, and they can become resistant during treatment, which can make the treatment fail. P. aeruginosa isolates from ICU patients who had Per-1 and VEB-1 were the main focus of this study. These two ESBLs are the two most common in ICU patients who had them. 50 isolates were gathered from Peshawar's LRH ICU facilities in the year 2021. The antibiotic susceptibility test was conducted in accordance with the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute's standards (CLSI). …


A Review On Psychosocial Distress Among General Population Of Pakistan During Covid-19 Pandemic, Anosh Arshad Chaudhary, Iqra Arooj, Amina Elahi Jun 2022

A Review On Psychosocial Distress Among General Population Of Pakistan During Covid-19 Pandemic, Anosh Arshad Chaudhary, Iqra Arooj, Amina Elahi

Journal of Bioresource Management

The COVID-19 crisis in 2019 significantly impacted human life all over the globe. Psychological health of general population has been affected by the unpredictable circumstances and impulsion of living in isolation, if suspected positive for coronavirus. During COVID-19 outbreak, escalation of various types of psychosocial distresses such as anxiety, sleep disorders and depression has been observed in the general population globally. Thus, there is an urgent need to combat these issues through well planned strategies. The focus of this review is to conduct a thorough evaluation of the available research on the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental status …


Il-10 And Tgf-Β Increase Connexin-43 Expression And Membrane Potential Of Hl-1 Cardiomyocytes Coupled With Raw 264.7 Macrophages, Cora B. Cox, Mike Castro, Thomas L. Brown, Nancy J. Bigley Jun 2022

Il-10 And Tgf-Β Increase Connexin-43 Expression And Membrane Potential Of Hl-1 Cardiomyocytes Coupled With Raw 264.7 Macrophages, Cora B. Cox, Mike Castro, Thomas L. Brown, Nancy J. Bigley

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

Cardiac resident macrophages facilitate electrical conduction by interacting with cardiomyocytes via connexin-43 (Cx43) hemichannels. Cx43 is critical for impulse propagation and coordination between muscle contractions. Cardiomyocyte electrophysiology can be altered when coupled with noncardiomyocyte cell types such as M2c tissue-resident macrophages. Using cocultures of murine HL-1 cardiomyocytes and RAW 264.7 macrophages, we examined the hypothesis that cytokine signals, TGF-β1 and IL-10, upregulate Cx43 expression at points of contact between the two cell types. These cytokine signals maintain the macrophages in an M2c anti-inflammatory phenotype, mimicking cardiac resident macrophages. The electrophysiology of cardiomyocytes was examined using di-8-ANEPPS potentiometric dye, which reflects …


Parasitism Of Corn Earworm, Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), By Tachinid Flies In Cultivated Hemp, Armando Falcon-Brindis, John O. Stireman Iii, Zenaida J. Viloria, Raul T. Villanueva Jun 2022

Parasitism Of Corn Earworm, Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), By Tachinid Flies In Cultivated Hemp, Armando Falcon-Brindis, John O. Stireman Iii, Zenaida J. Viloria, Raul T. Villanueva

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

In a survey on hemp grown in western Kentucky we found an average of 27.8 CEW larvae per plant. We recorded 45% parasitism of CEW in these fields by two species of tachinid flies, Winthemia rufopicta and Lespesia aletiae. Most parasitized larvae were third to sixth instars at the time of collection. We found up to 22 tachinid eggs per host larva, 89% of which typically bore between 1 and 5 eggs on the thorax. 45.9% of CEW bearing eggs died. The number of tachinid eggs per host was unrelated to host body mass, but both the number of tachinid …


Oral Drug Dosing Following Bariatric Surgery: General Concepts And Specific Dosing Advice, Jurjen S. Kingma, Desirée M. T. Burgers, Valerie M. Monpellier, Marinus J. Wiezer, Heleen J. Blussé Van Oud‐Alblas, Janelle D. Vaughns, Catherine M. T. Sherwin, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe May 2022

Oral Drug Dosing Following Bariatric Surgery: General Concepts And Specific Dosing Advice, Jurjen S. Kingma, Desirée M. T. Burgers, Valerie M. Monpellier, Marinus J. Wiezer, Heleen J. Blussé Van Oud‐Alblas, Janelle D. Vaughns, Catherine M. T. Sherwin, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Bariatric or weight-loss surgery is a popular option for weight reduction. Depending on the surgical procedure, gastric changes like decreased transit time and volume and increased pH, decreased absorption surface in the small intestine, decreased exposure to bile acids and enterohepatic circulation, and decreased gastrointestinal transit time may be expected. In the years after bariatric surgery, patients will also substantially lose weight. As a result of these changes, the absorption, distribution, metabolism and/or elimination of drugs may be altered. The purpose of this article is to report the general influence of bariatric surgery on oral drug absorption, and to provide …


First Annual Research Symposium Program With Abstracts, Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Office Of Research Affairs Apr 2022

First Annual Research Symposium Program With Abstracts, Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Office Of Research Affairs

Boonshoft School of Medicine Research Symposium

The program booklet is a compilation of abstracts from oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's First Annual Boonshoft School of Medicine Medical Research Symposium held on April 6, 2022.


Beyond Trauma-Informed Care: Insights From A Qualitative Study, Danielle Gainer, Sydney Silverstein, Josef Rivera, Raminta Daniulaityte Apr 2022

Beyond Trauma-Informed Care: Insights From A Qualitative Study, Danielle Gainer, Sydney Silverstein, Josef Rivera, Raminta Daniulaityte

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

Background: The impact of opioid use disorder (OUD) upon communities across the United States remains at epidemic levels, with a record number of overdose deaths recorded in 2020. As many communities have responded to this ongoing crisis with evidence-based treatment, harm reduction interventions and pharmacotherapy, recent efforts have focused on trauma-informed approaches to SUD care, taking into account the high prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences and related trauma in the lives of people living with OUD (Felliti, 1998; Stein, 2017). However, experiences of trauma and the manifestations of trauma in contemporary experience are never uniform (Maté, 2009). Qualitative research among …


Variation In Student Perceptions Of Higher Education Course Quality And Difficulty As A Result Of Widespread Implementation Of Online Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Joseph Cavanaugh, Stephen J. Jacquemin, Christine Junker Apr 2022

Variation In Student Perceptions Of Higher Education Course Quality And Difficulty As A Result Of Widespread Implementation Of Online Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Joseph Cavanaugh, Stephen J. Jacquemin, Christine Junker

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

The onset of the COVID-19 global pandemic affected higher education in a myriad of ways. One of the most notable effects however was the rapid and sudden transition of nearly all courses at most institutions to an online environment. And while there are a growing number of courses offered online already, this transition to nearly 100% remote education presented numerous challenges for instructors and students of face-to-face and hybrid style courses. Since student perceptions are closely tied to recruitment and retention, it is important to know if there are differences in student perceptions present in the way different courses are …


Virtual Is Now Reality: Telehealth To Deliver Care For Substance Use Disorders, Brian Merrill, Danielle Gainer, Brent Schnipke Apr 2022

Virtual Is Now Reality: Telehealth To Deliver Care For Substance Use Disorders, Brian Merrill, Danielle Gainer, Brent Schnipke

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

Models of care for substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have traditionally required face-to-face visits, since individuals receive a broad range of services including individual psychotherapy, group therapy, urine drug screens, laboratory testing, dispensation of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD), and prescriptions for psychotropic or other medications. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, telehealth became a more widely used method of delivering healthcare, including for SUD treatment. While the pandemic posed respiratory health concerns to all, individuals with a SUD were additionally vulnerable when attempting to access life-saving medications. An enforcement waiver of both federal and state telehealth rules during the …


The Relationship Between Screen Time, Weight Status, And Fatty Liver Disease In U.S. Adolescents, A Cross-Sectional Study Using Nhanes, 2017-2018, Becky J. Thomas Apr 2022

The Relationship Between Screen Time, Weight Status, And Fatty Liver Disease In U.S. Adolescents, A Cross-Sectional Study Using Nhanes, 2017-2018, Becky J. Thomas

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess if screen time in U.S. adolescents is positively associated with evidence of fatty liver disease (steatosis and/or fibrosis) on FibroScan technology and to test the hypothesis that being overweight or obese mediates this relationship.

Methods: The analysis used cross-sectional data from 12–17-year-old participants (n = 612) in the 2017-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to evaluate the association between self-reported average daily screen time and the presence of liver steatosis and/or fibrosis using FibroScan. Adjusted logistic regression analysis was performed to describe the independent association between screen time and …


Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi Mar 2022

Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi

Journal of Bioresource Management

With a longitudinal (2020–2021) completion, a set of 300 urine samples of individuals suspected of UTI was characterized based on the biochemical analysis and Kirby Bauer's disc diffusion method. Throughout, a total of 167 samples revealed UTI positivity by obtaining bacterial growth. Reporting that E. coli (69.4 %) was the most dominant when compared with Klebsiella (14.3 %), Proteus (5.9 %), S. aureus (4.7 %), P. aeruginosa (3.5 %), and Enterobacter (1.7 %), respectively. Gender-wise discrimination showed that E. coli was highly distributed among female (50.2 %) patients. A prominent percentage of E. coli (41.9 %) was found in the …


Microbiological Contamination Associated With The Proximity Of A Refuse Dumpsite To A River Situated In Okada, Edo State, Nigeria, Ebere J. Okafor-Elenwo, Odaro S. Imade, Osazee E. Izevbuwa Mar 2022

Microbiological Contamination Associated With The Proximity Of A Refuse Dumpsite To A River Situated In Okada, Edo State, Nigeria, Ebere J. Okafor-Elenwo, Odaro S. Imade, Osazee E. Izevbuwa

Journal of Bioresource Management

This study was performed to evaluate the potential contamination of the Okponha river situated near a dumpsite in Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. Water samples were collected and analyzed for bacteriological and parasitological quality using standard procedures. Isolation and enumeration of bacterial colonies were performed by pour plate technique and the isolated bacteria were identified by standard phenotypic tests. Helminths and protozoa were screened by the direct smear technique. The values of HPC (3.79 ± 0.12 log10 CFU/ml) and TCC (2.20 ± 0.14 log10 CFU/ml) obtained from the river water samples exceeded WHO and NAFDAC recommended limits (≤ 2 …


In-Silico Determination Of Phytochemicals Against Spike Protein Of Covid-19, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Adil, Areej Fatima, Arooj Fatima, Ammara Khalid, Muhammad Bilal Mar 2022

In-Silico Determination Of Phytochemicals Against Spike Protein Of Covid-19, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Adil, Areej Fatima, Arooj Fatima, Ammara Khalid, Muhammad Bilal

Journal of Bioresource Management

Spike protein is present on the exterior of SARS-CoV-2 that mediates the binding of virus with human ACE2 receptor. S-protein has the ability to mutate in a short span of time. Using S-protein as a therapeutic target, Covid-19 infection can be prevented. Many plant-derived phytochemicals are found effective to treat viral infections. In this study, we selected top 10 phytochemicals following the Lipinski’s rule of five from total 82 candidate phytochemicals. The binding energies were determined through molecular docking of the phytochemical ligands. Top three compounds having maximal interactions and lowest binding energies were visualized. We suggested Dictamnine, Deoxypodophyllotoxin and …


Metabolic Bone Disease Of Infancy In The Offspring Of Mothers With Bariatric Surgery: A Series Of 5 Infants In Contested Cases Of Child Abuse, Marvin E. Miller, David Ayoub Mar 2022

Metabolic Bone Disease Of Infancy In The Offspring Of Mothers With Bariatric Surgery: A Series Of 5 Infants In Contested Cases Of Child Abuse, Marvin E. Miller, David Ayoub

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background and aims: Metabolic Bone Disease of Infancy is a multifactorial disorder of bone fragility in infants who typically present under 6 months of age with multiple unexplained fractures. Major risk factors for this disorder relate to the fetal time period and include decreased provision of the essential nutrients for bone formation during pregnancy (calcium, phosphate, vitamin D, and protein), prema- turity, and decreased fetal bone loading. Methods: This study presents 5 infants with multiple unexplained fractures born to women who had prior bariatric surgery in which child abuse was alleged, and the alleged perpetrator denied wrong doing. Results: The …


Toward An Ontology Of Collaborative Learning Healthcaresystems, Alexandra H. Vinson, Michael Seid, Breck Gamel, Shehzad Ahmed Saeed, Brandy Fureman, Susan C. Cronin, Katherine Bates, David Hartley Jan 2022

Toward An Ontology Of Collaborative Learning Healthcaresystems, Alexandra H. Vinson, Michael Seid, Breck Gamel, Shehzad Ahmed Saeed, Brandy Fureman, Susan C. Cronin, Katherine Bates, David Hartley

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Objective:To establish a basis for a domain ontology - a formal, explicit specificationof a shared conceptualization - of collaborative learning healthcare systems (CLHSs)in order to facilitate measurement, explanation, and improvement.Methods:We adapted the“Methontology”approach to begin building an ontologyof CLHSs. We specified the purpose of an ontology, acquired domain knowledge vialiterature review, conceptualized a common framework of CLHSs using a groundedapproach, refined these concepts based on expert panel input, and illustrated con-cept application via four cases.Results:The set of concepts identified as important to include in an ontologyincludes goals, values, structure, actors, environment, and products. To establish thisset of concepts, we gathered input …


Correlating Measles Cases And Vaccination Rates In The United States And Abroad, Charu L. Gupta Jan 2022

Correlating Measles Cases And Vaccination Rates In The United States And Abroad, Charu L. Gupta

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Introduction: Measles is a highly contagious and vaccine-preventable viral respiratory infection that continues to affect children and adults in the United States (U.S.) and abroad. Objective: This study aims to correlate vaccination rates and measles cases in the U.S. to countries worldwide during 1995 to 2000 and 2013 to 2018. Methods: Two datasets, measles reported cases and percent single dose measles-containing-vaccine coverage in 1-year old infants, were obtained from World Health Observatory Data portal for 165 countries. Third dataset, population dynamics, was utilized from World Bank portal to convert reported measles cases to measles case rates for selected 165 countries. …


Relationship Between Poverty And Ed Visit Rate (Per 10,000) With Primary Diagnosis Of Asthma Amongst Ohio Counties, Emily Schneider Jan 2022

Relationship Between Poverty And Ed Visit Rate (Per 10,000) With Primary Diagnosis Of Asthma Amongst Ohio Counties, Emily Schneider

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Objective: Previous literature have found mixed results regarding poverty as a risk factor for asthma prevalence. More recently, national data obtained from Medicaid has shown that there is no association between poverty and asthma prevalence but has shown an association with asthma-related Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. The objective of this study is to determine if this relationship is evident amongst the 88 counties in Ohio. Methods: Pearson correlations were conducted with the following variables: percent in poverty under age 18 and the ED visit rate with a primary diagnosis of asthma amongst children in each Ohio county. This …


The Effects Of Covid-19 On Staying Alive Nbme Performance And Exam Testing Conditions, Anh Phuong Nguyen Jan 2022

The Effects Of Covid-19 On Staying Alive Nbme Performance And Exam Testing Conditions, Anh Phuong Nguyen

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Objective: This study will study the impact of COVID-19 on Wright State University BSOM class of 2023’s performance on the SA NBME exam and whether there was a difference in the scores between the group who took the test at school compared to at home. Methods: independent samples t-test was used to analyze SA NBME exam scores from BSOM class of 2022 and class of 2023 (n = 231) and also from students in the class of 2023 who took the SA NBME from home and at school. Results: The class of 2023’s performance on the SA NBME exam …


The Interaction Of Children Living In Single-Parent Households With Healthcare In Tennessee, Molly Balcer Jan 2022

The Interaction Of Children Living In Single-Parent Households With Healthcare In Tennessee, Molly Balcer

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

The objective of this paper is to examine how a child living in a single-parent home is able to interact with healthcare in the state of Tennessee in 2020. Family structure in the United States trends away from the nuclear family, with 32% of households containing children headed by single-parents in 2018 as recorded by the United States Census Bureau. Given the knowledge that children in single-parent families are at higher risk for unmet healthcare needs, it is prudent to determine whether these trends are mirrored in Tennessee. Tests of statistical analysis were conducted on publicly available data collected from …


Factors Affecting The Rates Of Childhood Poverty In Tennessee, Aleeya F. Shareef Jan 2022

Factors Affecting The Rates Of Childhood Poverty In Tennessee, Aleeya F. Shareef

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Objective: The goal of this investigation is to analyze data to determine the factors that influence childhood poverty in Tennessee. Specifically, I am examining how child poverty has changed over the past years, as well as determining its associations with residential segregation (Black/white), food insecurity, teen births, low birthweights, child and infant mortalities, drug overdose deaths, access to healthy foods, premature deaths, and uninsured children. Data was used from the County Health Rankings website. Their data has been collected from surveys. Paired t-tests, unpaired t-tests, Pearson correlations, and stepwise linear regressions were performed. Results indicated that Tennessee has had decreased …