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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Use Of Technology In Training Periop 101 Students, John Carroll, Bsn, Rn. Cnor. Tcrn, Rnfa, Annamarie R. Vrobel, Bsn, Rv, Cpt, Sarah Germanovich, Msn, Rn, Cnor, Tcrn Feb 2024

Use Of Technology In Training Periop 101 Students, John Carroll, Bsn, Rn. Cnor. Tcrn, Rnfa, Annamarie R. Vrobel, Bsn, Rv, Cpt, Sarah Germanovich, Msn, Rn, Cnor, Tcrn

Jefferson Hospital Staff Papers and Presentations

Presented at the 2024 Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) Global Surgical Conference & Expo.


Social Needs Risk And Patient Outcomes With Supportive Oncology Care, Rebecca Cammy, Lcsw, Joshua Banks, Ma Feb 2024

Social Needs Risk And Patient Outcomes With Supportive Oncology Care, Rebecca Cammy, Lcsw, Joshua Banks, Ma

Department of Medical Oncology Posters

Objective

This study utilized social risk data in the electronic heath record collected in routine clinical practice and examined relationships with supportive oncology care contacts and patient outcomes.


Meet An Ipe/Cp Student Champion From Thomas Jefferson University, Joria Le, Rn, Bsn Feb 2024

Meet An Ipe/Cp Student Champion From Thomas Jefferson University, Joria Le, Rn, Bsn

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

My first involvement with JCIPE programs was with the Interprofessional Palliative Care (IPC) program. Here, I was able to meet diverse students across Jefferson from Couple and Family Therapy, Medicine, Nursing, Physical Therapy, and more. Together, we addressed case studies with our various backgrounds and learned how to build upon each other’s strengths as a precursor to our future in the field. Especially coming from a Nursing background and now shifting towards medicine, it was a great experience to apply my knowledge and intertwine it with other fields.

Since then, I have immersed myself with research relating to the Health …


Meet An Ipe/Cp Staff Champion From Thomas Jefferson University, Mollie Cherson, Mphil, Lcsw Feb 2024

Meet An Ipe/Cp Staff Champion From Thomas Jefferson University, Mollie Cherson, Mphil, Lcsw

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

In June 2021, the Integrated Behavioral Health (IBH) team was invited by JCIPE to pilot a new series of interprofessional sessions for primary care teams utilizing the ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes). This model has been utilized and researched worldwide to help with disseminating information across various subject matters within healthcare, with the goal of decreasing health disparities. Through use of subject matter experts, brief didactic education, and case consultations, communities of learners come together to enhance patient care and health outcomes.

The IBH team, which consists of clinicians from behavioral health, primary care, nutrition, occupational therapy, psychiatry, pharmacy, …


Translation Of Collaborative Skills From Undergraduate Interprofessional Education Curriculum To The Workplace: Results Of A Pilot Program, Erin Choice, Phd, Cscs, Shelene Thomas, Pt, Dpt, Edd, Gcs, Fnap Feb 2024

Translation Of Collaborative Skills From Undergraduate Interprofessional Education Curriculum To The Workplace: Results Of A Pilot Program, Erin Choice, Phd, Cscs, Shelene Thomas, Pt, Dpt, Edd, Gcs, Fnap

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background

Interprofessional education (IPE) has become an increasingly necessary component of healthcare and health science curricula (Institute of Medicine, 2015; World Health Organization, 2010). However, the longitudinal impact of IPE and students’ ability to transfer knowledge and skills from the classroom to the workplace remains unknown (Breitbach et al., 2020). Training future healthcare providers (i.e., physical therapists, occupational therapists, exercise scientists) to work in interprofessional (IP) teams should arguably begin at the undergraduate (UG) level, rather than graduate level, in order to improve effective translation of skills to the workplace (Breitbach et al., 2020; Cooper et al., 2001; Murdoch et …


Team Care Planning: Black Maternal Health Case, Kenna Hersey, Ba Feb 2024

Team Care Planning: Black Maternal Health Case, Kenna Hersey, Ba

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

In support of Thomas Jefferson University’s effort to be on the cutting edge of care, JCIPE (Jefferson Center for Interprofessional Practice & Education) supports educational programs that focus on understanding and addressing health disparities. Team Care Planning (TCP) is an educational simulation experience where teams of students from different professions collaborate with each other, and interact with standardized patients, to create a care plan. The initial case developed for TCP involves an interprofessional student team developing a discharge plan for an older adult who was hospitalized after a stroke. The interprofessional student team meets with the patient and her adult …


Spotlight On An Interprofessional Clinical Team, Andrew Chapman, Md, Emily Hajjar, Pharmd, Ms, Bcps, Bcacp, Bcgp, Lora Rhodes, Msw, Lsw, Melissa Denton, Rdn, Cso, Ldn, Lauren Hersh, Md Feb 2024

Spotlight On An Interprofessional Clinical Team, Andrew Chapman, Md, Emily Hajjar, Pharmd, Ms, Bcps, Bcacp, Bcgp, Lora Rhodes, Msw, Lsw, Melissa Denton, Rdn, Cso, Ldn, Lauren Hersh, Md

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Take a closer look at a clinical team at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and how they practice interprofessionally every day!

The Senior Adult Oncology (SAO) Center at Jefferson Health focuses on cancer care for adults over the age of sixty-five, taking a whole-person approach in creating a personalized treatment plan.

JCIPE interviewed an SAO team about their roles, their interprofessional dynamic, and what they have learned from each other. The team then reviewed the case of C.S.


Who Are We Inviting To The Ipe Table?, Daniel S. Ferguson, Ms Feb 2024

Who Are We Inviting To The Ipe Table?, Daniel S. Ferguson, Ms

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

“Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane.” – Martin Luther King

Health outcomes and life expectancy in the United States of America differ substantially based on race. For example, people of color are more likely to die of cardiovascular disease or stroke; more likely to have diabetes; and have higher infant and maternal mortality rates as compared to their white counterparts (Frieden, 2013). Achieving health equity is a key focus of Healthy People 2030 (HHS, 2013), which prioritizes addressing social determinants of health, including access to timely, high-quality healthcare and effective …


Jcipe Updates Feb 2024

Jcipe Updates

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

JCIPE Updates


From The Editors Feb 2024

From The Editors

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

As we begin a new year, we in the Jefferson Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education (JCIPE) are grateful for a fall semester and holiday season which brought connection and renewed our commitment to collaboration and inclusivity. We enjoyed seeing many of you in person again at our 8th biennial conference, when we hosted approximately 165 interprofessional colleagues from across the country and even around the world, to ponder and discuss issues of the day. We learned so much about what drives you and the field of interprofessional collaborative practice, and we appreciate this opportunity to reflect on our takeaways …


Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education And Evaluation (Jcipe), Volume 14, Number 1, Fall 2023/Winter 2024 Feb 2024

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education And Evaluation (Jcipe), Volume 14, Number 1, Fall 2023/Winter 2024

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

In this Issue:

  • Letter from the Editors
  • JCIPE Updates
  • Who are we inviting to the IPE table?
  • Spotlight on an Interprofessional Clinical Team
  • Team Care Planning: Black Maternal Health Case
  • Translation of Collaborative Skills from Undergraduate Interprofessional Education Curriculum to the Workplace: Results of a Pilot Program
  • Meet an IPE Staff Champion
  • Meet an IPE Student Champion


Expert Opinion, Real-World Classification, And Decision-Making In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurologic Deficits?, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Sebastian Bigdon, Charlotte Dandurand, Marcel F. Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Klaus Schnake, Sander Muijs, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Jin W. Tee, Ory Keynan, Harvinder S. Chhabra, Andrei F. Joaquim, Eugen C. Popescu, Jose A Canseco, Martin Holas, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed M. Aly, Nader Fallah, Gregory D. Schroeder, Ulrich Spiegl, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Alexander R. Vaccaro Feb 2024

Expert Opinion, Real-World Classification, And Decision-Making In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurologic Deficits?, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Sebastian Bigdon, Charlotte Dandurand, Marcel F. Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Klaus Schnake, Sander Muijs, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Jin W. Tee, Ory Keynan, Harvinder S. Chhabra, Andrei F. Joaquim, Eugen C. Popescu, Jose A Canseco, Martin Holas, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed M. Aly, Nader Fallah, Gregory D. Schroeder, Ulrich Spiegl, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Alexander R. Vaccaro

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.

OBJECTIVES: To compare decision-making between an expert panel and real-world spine surgeons in thoracolumbar burst fractures (TLBFs) without neurological deficits and analyze which factors influence surgical decision-making.

METHODS: This study is a sub-analysis of a prospective observational study in TL fractures. Twenty two experts were asked to review 183 CT scans and recommend treatment for each fracture. The expert recommendation was based on radiographic review.

RESULTS: Overall agreement between the expert panel and real-world surgeons regarding surgery was 63.2%. In 36.8% of cases, the expert panel recommended surgery that was not performed …


The Ao Spine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification System And Treatment Algorithm In Decision Making For Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurologic Deficit, Barry T.S. Kweh, Jin Wee Tee, Charlotte Dandurand, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Benneker M. Lorin, Klaus Schnake, Emiliano Vialle, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed M. Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen C. Popescu, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei F. Joaquim, Harvinder S. Chhabra, Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Gregory Schroeder Feb 2024

The Ao Spine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification System And Treatment Algorithm In Decision Making For Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurologic Deficit, Barry T.S. Kweh, Jin Wee Tee, Charlotte Dandurand, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Benneker M. Lorin, Klaus Schnake, Emiliano Vialle, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed M. Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen C. Popescu, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei F. Joaquim, Harvinder S. Chhabra, Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Gregory Schroeder

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Observational Study.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the alignment of the AO Spine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification system and treatment algorithm with contemporary surgical decision making.

METHODS: 183 cases of thoracolumbar burst fractures were reviewed by 22 AO Spine Knowledge Forum Trauma experts. These experienced clinicians classified the fracture morphology, integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex and degree of comminution. Management recommendations were collected.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant stepwise increase in rates of operative management with escalating category of injury (P < .001). An excellent correlation existed between recommended expert management and the actual treatment of each injury category: A0/A1/A2 (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.70-1.69, P = .71), A3/4 (OR 1.62, 95% CI 0.98-2.66, P = .58) and B1/B2/C (1.00, 95% …


Understanding Decision Making As It Influences Treatment In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurological Deficit: Conceptual Framework And Methodology, Charlotte Dandurand, Cumhur F. Öner, Olesja Hazenbiller, Richard J. Bransford, Klaus Schnake, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Gregory D. Schroeder, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Jin Wee Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel F. Dvorak Feb 2024

Understanding Decision Making As It Influences Treatment In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurological Deficit: Conceptual Framework And Methodology, Charlotte Dandurand, Cumhur F. Öner, Olesja Hazenbiller, Richard J. Bransford, Klaus Schnake, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Gregory D. Schroeder, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Jin Wee Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel F. Dvorak

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: This paper presents a description of a conceptual framework and methodology that is applicable to the manuscripts that comprise this focus issue.

OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to present a conceptual framework which is relied upon to better understand the processes through which surgeons make therapeutic decisions around how to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures (TL) fractures.

METHODS: We will describe the methodology used in the AO Spine TL A3/4 Study prospective observational study and how the radiographs collected for this study were utilized to study the relationships between various variables that factor into surgeon decision making.

RESULTS: With 22 …


How Does Covid-19 Vaccination Affect Long-Covid Symptoms?, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Meshkat Nemati, Mina Shahisavandi, Hamid Nemati, Afrooz Karimi, Anahita Jafari, Sara Nasiri, Seyyed Saeed Mohammadi, Zahra Rahimian, Hossein Bayat, Ali Akbari, Amir Emami, Owrang Eilami Feb 2024

How Does Covid-19 Vaccination Affect Long-Covid Symptoms?, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Meshkat Nemati, Mina Shahisavandi, Hamid Nemati, Afrooz Karimi, Anahita Jafari, Sara Nasiri, Seyyed Saeed Mohammadi, Zahra Rahimian, Hossein Bayat, Ali Akbari, Amir Emami, Owrang Eilami

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to identify the association between COVID-19 vaccination and prolonged post-COVID symptoms (long-COVID) in adults who reported suffering from this condition.

METHODS: This was a retrospective follow-up study of adults with long-COVID syndrome. The data were collected during a phone call to the participants in January-February 2022. We inquired about their current health status and also their vaccination status if they agreed to participate.

RESULTS: In total, 1236 people were studied; 543 individuals reported suffering from long long- COVID (43.9%). Chi square test showed that 15 out of 51 people (29.4%) with no vaccination and 528 …


Interobserver Reliability In The Classification Of Thoracolumbar Fractures Using The Ao Spine Tl Injury Classification System Among 22 Clinical Experts In Spine Trauma Care, Jose A. Canseco, Taylor Paziuk, Gregory D. Schroeder, Marcel F. Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Sharkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Rishi M. Kanna, Martin Holas, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Charlotte Dandurand, Jin W. Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Mohamed M. Aly, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich J. Spiegl, Klaus Schnake, Alexander R. Vaccaro Feb 2024

Interobserver Reliability In The Classification Of Thoracolumbar Fractures Using The Ao Spine Tl Injury Classification System Among 22 Clinical Experts In Spine Trauma Care, Jose A. Canseco, Taylor Paziuk, Gregory D. Schroeder, Marcel F. Dvorak, Cumhur F. Öner, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Sharkawi, Richard J. Bransford, Rishi M. Kanna, Martin Holas, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Charlotte Dandurand, Jin W. Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Mohamed M. Aly, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich J. Spiegl, Klaus Schnake, Alexander R. Vaccaro

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study utilizing 183 injury CT scans by 22 spine trauma experts with assessment of radiographic features, classification of injuries and treatment recommendations.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the AOSpine TL Injury Classification System (TLICS) including the categories within the classification and the M1 modifier.

METHODS: Kappa and Intraclass correlation coefficients were produced. Associations of various imaging characteristics (comminution, PLC status) and treatment recommendations were analyzed through regression analysis. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used for making predictive algorithms.

RESULTS: Reliability of the AO Spine TLICS at differentiating A3 and A4 injuries (N = 71) (K = …


Upper Helical Reconstruction During Aesthetic Facelift Procedure: A Case Report, Zachary N. Goldberg, David S. Goldberg Feb 2024

Upper Helical Reconstruction During Aesthetic Facelift Procedure: A Case Report, Zachary N. Goldberg, David S. Goldberg

SKMC Student Presentations and Publications

We present a case of a two-stage reconstruction of a traumatic right upper helix deformity using a random pattern layover skin flap in conjunction with an aesthetic facelift procedure. This serves to encourage reconstructive surgeons to be mindful about seeking opportunities to address additional patient concerns when appropriate and safe.


Elderly Female With Abdominal Pain And Hypotension, Michael Fareri, Arthur K Au, Kelly Goodsell, M. Fields Feb 2024

Elderly Female With Abdominal Pain And Hypotension, Michael Fareri, Arthur K Au, Kelly Goodsell, M. Fields

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Geranylgeraniol (Ggoh), Incorporated Into A Bone Cement Pellet Promotes Osteoclast Function And Healing In A Model Of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw, George J Feldman, David Young, Theresa Freeman, Lauren Israel, Daniel Taub, Robert Diecidue Feb 2024

Geranylgeraniol (Ggoh), Incorporated Into A Bone Cement Pellet Promotes Osteoclast Function And Healing In A Model Of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw, George J Feldman, David Young, Theresa Freeman, Lauren Israel, Daniel Taub, Robert Diecidue

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: There is no cause -based treatment for Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ). MRONJ is a morbid condition including exposed, infected bone and mandibular fractures in osteoporotic individuals and metastatic cancers patients treated with nitrogen containing bisphosphonates (NBP). NBPs inhibit farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS) in the mevalonate pathway, depriving osteoclasts and other bone cells of small GTPases necessary for their function and survival. We test the hypothesis that geranylgeraniol (GGOH),a metabolite downstream of FDPS, when incorporated into a bone cement pellet, enhances osteoclast function and promotes local bone healing in

METHODS:

RESULTS: The release of GGOH from bone cement …


Predictive Algorithm For Surgery Recommendation In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurological Deficits, Charlotte Dandurand, Nader Fallah, Cumhur F. Öner, Richard J. Bransford, Klaus Schnake, Alex R. Vaccaro, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Gregory D. Schroeder, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Jin Wee Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel F. Dvorak Feb 2024

Predictive Algorithm For Surgery Recommendation In Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurological Deficits, Charlotte Dandurand, Nader Fallah, Cumhur F. Öner, Richard J. Bransford, Klaus Schnake, Alex R. Vaccaro, Lorin M. Benneker, Emiliano Vialle, Gregory D. Schroeder, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Mohammad El-Skarkawi, Rishi M. Kanna, Mohamed Aly, Martin Holas, Jose A. Canseco, Sander Muijs, Eugen Cezar Popescu, Jin Wee Tee, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Ory Keynan, Harvinder Singh Chhabra, Sebastian Bigdon, Ulrich Spiegel, Marcel F. Dvorak

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

STUDY DESIGN: Predictive algorithm via decision tree.

OBJECTIVES: Artificial intelligence (AI) remain an emerging field and have not previously been used to guide therapeutic decision making in thoracolumbar burst fractures. Building such models may reduce the variability in treatment recommendations. The goal of this study was to build a mathematical prediction rule based upon radiographic variables to guide treatment decisions.

METHODS: Twenty-two surgeons from the AO Knowledge Forum Trauma reviewed 183 cases from the Spine TL A3/A4 prospective study (classification, degree of certainty of posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) injury, use of M1 modifier, degree of comminution, treatment recommendation). Reviewers' regions …


Prognostic Properties Of Kras Gene Mutation Subtypes In Resected Pancreatic Cancer, Faria Nusrat, Eliyahu Gorgov, Md, Wilbur Bowne, Md, Obehioye Isesele, Akshay Khanna, Harish Lavu, Md, Aditi Jain, Phd, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Avinoam Nevler, Md Jan 2024

Prognostic Properties Of Kras Gene Mutation Subtypes In Resected Pancreatic Cancer, Faria Nusrat, Eliyahu Gorgov, Md, Wilbur Bowne, Md, Obehioye Isesele, Akshay Khanna, Harish Lavu, Md, Aditi Jain, Phd, Charles J. Yeo, Md, Avinoam Nevler, Md

Alpha Omega Alpha Research Symposium Posters

Introduction

  • Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive and therapy-resistant cancer with an overall 5-year survival rate of almost 12%, making it among the most lethal of all major cancers.1
  • PDAC has a distinct genomic profile, with somatic KRAS protooncogene mutations in ~90% of cases.2,3
  • Current literature has not reached a consensus on disease prognosis based on KRAS mutation subtype.2-5


Recommendations From People Who Use Drugs In Philadelphia, Pa About Structuring Point-Of-Care Drug Checking, Megan K. Reed, Elias Borne, Tracy Esteves Camacho, Morgan Kelly, Kristin L. Rising Jan 2024

Recommendations From People Who Use Drugs In Philadelphia, Pa About Structuring Point-Of-Care Drug Checking, Megan K. Reed, Elias Borne, Tracy Esteves Camacho, Morgan Kelly, Kristin L. Rising

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background

Adulterants, such as fentanyl and xylazine, among others, are present in a high percentage of the illicit drug supply, increasing the risk for overdose and other adverse health events among people who use drugs (PWUD). Point-of-care drug checking identifes components of a drug sample and delivers results consumers. To successfully meet the diverse needs of PWUD, more information is needed about the utility of drug checking, motivations for using services contextualized in broader comments on the drug supply, hypothesized actions to be taken after receiving drug checking results, and the ideal structure of a program.

Methods

In December 2021, …


Social And Psychosocial Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Differences In Cardiovascular Health: The Masala And Mesa Studies, Nilay S. Shah, Xiaoning Huang, Lucia C. Petito, Michael P. Bancks, Alka M. Kanaya, Sameera Talegawkar, Saaniya Farhan, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B. Allen, Namratha R. Kandula, Sadiya S. Khan Jan 2024

Social And Psychosocial Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Differences In Cardiovascular Health: The Masala And Mesa Studies, Nilay S. Shah, Xiaoning Huang, Lucia C. Petito, Michael P. Bancks, Alka M. Kanaya, Sameera Talegawkar, Saaniya Farhan, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Norrina B. Allen, Namratha R. Kandula, Sadiya S. Khan

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

BACKGROUND: Social and psychosocial determinants are associated with cardiovascular health (CVH).

OBJECTIVES: To quantify the contributions of social and psychosocial factors to racial/ethnic differences in CVH.

METHODS: In the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America cohorts, Kitagawa-Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition quantified the contributions of social and psychosocial factors to differences in mean CVH score (range 0-14) in Black, Chinese, Hispanic, or South Asian compared with White participants.

RESULTS: Among 7,978 adults (mean age 61 [SD 10] years, 52 % female), there were 1,892 Black (mean CVH score for decomposition analysis 7.96 [SD 2.1]), 804 …


Echocardiographic Parameters Associated With Less Reverse Left Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implant In Subjects With Prosthesis Patient Mismatch, Andrew C. Peters, Fei Fei Gong, Ashvita Ramesh, Adin Andrei, Madeline Jankowski, Eric Cantey, Vincent Chen, James D. Thomas, James D. Flaherty, S. Christopher Malaisrie, Kameswari Maganti Jan 2024

Echocardiographic Parameters Associated With Less Reverse Left Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implant In Subjects With Prosthesis Patient Mismatch, Andrew C. Peters, Fei Fei Gong, Ashvita Ramesh, Adin Andrei, Madeline Jankowski, Eric Cantey, Vincent Chen, James D. Thomas, James D. Flaherty, S. Christopher Malaisrie, Kameswari Maganti

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Transaortic valve implant (TAVI) is the treatment of choice for severe aortic stenosis (AS). Some patients develop prosthesis patient mismatch (PPM) after TAVI. It is challenging to determine which patients are at risk for clinical deterioration.

METHODS: We retrospectively measured echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) morphology and function, prosthetic aortic valve effective orifice area (iEOA) and hemodynamics in 313 patients before and 1 year after TAVI. Our objective was to compare the change in echocardiographic parameters associated with left ventricular reverse modeling in subjects with and without PPM. Our secondary objective was to evaluate echo parameters associated with …


Circulating Metabolic Profile In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Data From The Ipf-Pro Registry, Ross Summer, Jamie Todd, Megan Neely, L. Jason Lobo, Andrew Namen, L. Kristin Newby, Shirin Shafazand, Sally Suliman, Christian Hesslinger, Sascha Keller, Thomas Leonard, Scott M Palmer, Olga Ilkayeva, Michael Muehlbauer, Christopher Newgard, Jesse Roman Jan 2024

Circulating Metabolic Profile In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Data From The Ipf-Pro Registry, Ross Summer, Jamie Todd, Megan Neely, L. Jason Lobo, Andrew Namen, L. Kristin Newby, Shirin Shafazand, Sally Suliman, Christian Hesslinger, Sascha Keller, Thomas Leonard, Scott M Palmer, Olga Ilkayeva, Michael Muehlbauer, Christopher Newgard, Jesse Roman

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The circulating metabolome, reflecting underlying cellular processes and disease biology, has not been fully characterized in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We evaluated whether circulating levels of metabolites correlate with the presence of IPF, with the severity of IPF, or with the risk of clinically relevant outcomes among patients with IPF.

METHODS: We analyzed enrollment plasma samples from 300 patients with IPF in the IPF-PRO Registry and 100 individuals without known lung disease using a set of targeted metabolomics and clinical analyte modules. Linear regression was used to compare metabolite and clinical analyte levels between patients with IPF …


Long-Term Surgical Outcomes Of Glaucoma Drainage Implants In Eyes With Preoperative Intraocular Pressure Less Than 19 Mmhg, Shahin Hallaj, Jae-Chiang Wong, Lauren E. Hock, Natasha Nayak Kolomeyer, Aakriti G. Shukla, Michael J. Pro, Marlene R. Moster, Jonathan S. Myers, Reza Razeghinejad, Daniel Lee Jan 2024

Long-Term Surgical Outcomes Of Glaucoma Drainage Implants In Eyes With Preoperative Intraocular Pressure Less Than 19 Mmhg, Shahin Hallaj, Jae-Chiang Wong, Lauren E. Hock, Natasha Nayak Kolomeyer, Aakriti G. Shukla, Michael J. Pro, Marlene R. Moster, Jonathan S. Myers, Reza Razeghinejad, Daniel Lee

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

BACKGROUND: This retrospective review reports on patients who underwent glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) surgery and had baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) of ≤18 mmHg with at least one year of follow-up.

METHODS: Clinical data of 67 eyes of 67 patients were collected from patients' charts, and the outcomes of GDI were evaluated until 7 years. GDI failure was defined as IOP reduction of less than 20% from the baseline at two consecutive visits three months after surgery, decline to no light perception, or if additional glaucoma surgery was performed.

RESULTS: The average age was 65.9 ± 13.2 years. Most cases were …


Nur77 Mitigates Endothelial Dysfunction Through Activation Of Both Nitric Oxide Production And Anti-Oxidant Pathways, Lin Lu, Soohwa Jang, Jiaqi Zhu, Qing Qin, Lijun Sun, Jianxin Sun Jan 2024

Nur77 Mitigates Endothelial Dysfunction Through Activation Of Both Nitric Oxide Production And Anti-Oxidant Pathways, Lin Lu, Soohwa Jang, Jiaqi Zhu, Qing Qin, Lijun Sun, Jianxin Sun

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Nur77 belongs to the member of orphan nuclear receptor 4A family that plays critical roles in maintaining vascular homeostasis. This study aims to determine whether Nur77 plays a role in attenuating vascular dysfunction, and if so, to determine the molecular mechanisms involved.

METHODS: Both Nur77 knockout (Nur77 KO) and Nur77 endothelial specific transgenic mice (Nur77-Tg) were employed to examine the functional significance of Nur77 in vascular endothelium in vivo. Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation to acetylcholine (Ach) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was determined under inflammatory and high glucose conditions. Expression of genes was determined by real-time PCR and western blot …


Early Immersion In Team-Based Event Review: Experiential Patient Safety Education For Pgy 1 Internal Medicine Residents, Michelle Perkons, Alexis Wickersham, Sonia Bharel, Timothy Kuchera, Rebecca Jaffe Jan 2024

Early Immersion In Team-Based Event Review: Experiential Patient Safety Education For Pgy 1 Internal Medicine Residents, Michelle Perkons, Alexis Wickersham, Sonia Bharel, Timothy Kuchera, Rebecca Jaffe

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been a national push to incorporate high-fidelity quality improvement and patient safety (QIPS) education into physician training programs. In fact, integration of robust patient safety education became an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Common Program Requirement for residency programs in 2017. We developed a curriculum to not only fulfill the ACGME's requirement but also provide PGY 1 internal medicine residents with the skills needed to become active participants in ongoing patient safety work throughout their training and careers.

METHODS: Our patient safety curriculum was woven into residents' existing protected educational time and …


Post-Capillary Pulmonary Hypertension: Clinical Review, Joshua Riley, James Fradin, Douglas Russ, Eric Warner, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar Jan 2024

Post-Capillary Pulmonary Hypertension: Clinical Review, Joshua Riley, James Fradin, Douglas Russ, Eric Warner, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by left heart disease, also known as post-capillary PH, is the most common etiology of PH. Left heart disease due to systolic dysfunction or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, valvular heart disease, and left atrial myopathy due to atrial fibrillation are causes of post-capillary PH. Elevated left-sided filling pressures cause pulmonary venous congestion due to backward transmission of pressures and post-capillary PH. In advanced left-sided heart disease or valvular heart disease, chronic uncontrolled venous congestion may lead to remodeling of the pulmonary arterial system, causing combined pre-capillary and post-capillary PH. The hemodynamic definition of post-capillary …


Microglia-Derived Exosomes Modulate Myelin Regeneration Via Mir-615-5p/Myrf Axis, Xiao-Yu Ji, Yu-Xin Guo, Li-Bin Wang, Wen-Cheng Wu, Jia-Qi Wang, Jin He, Rui Gao, Javad Rasouli, Meng-Yuan Gao, Zhen-Hai Wang, Dan Xiao, Wei-Feng Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li Jan 2024

Microglia-Derived Exosomes Modulate Myelin Regeneration Via Mir-615-5p/Myrf Axis, Xiao-Yu Ji, Yu-Xin Guo, Li-Bin Wang, Wen-Cheng Wu, Jia-Qi Wang, Jin He, Rui Gao, Javad Rasouli, Meng-Yuan Gao, Zhen-Hai Wang, Dan Xiao, Wei-Feng Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Demyelination and failure of remyelination in the central nervous system (CNS) characterize a number of neurological disorders. Spontaneous remyelination in demyelinating diseases is limited, as oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), which are often present in demyelinated lesions in abundance, mostly fail to differentiate into oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells in the CNS. In addition to OPCs, the lesions are assembled numbers of activated resident microglia/infiltrated macrophages; however, the mechanisms and potential role of interactions between the microglia/macrophages and OPCs are poorly understood. Here, we generated a transcriptional profile of exosomes from activated microglia, and found that miR-615-5p was elevated. miR-615-5p bound to …