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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Adherence To Sb5195 Naloxone Distribution Requirements At Discharge From The Emergency Department, E Stewart, J Delfeld, J Mckay, J Corhei, Kailyn Elliot Mar 2024

Adherence To Sb5195 Naloxone Distribution Requirements At Discharge From The Emergency Department, E Stewart, J Delfeld, J Mckay, J Corhei, Kailyn Elliot

Providence Nursing Research Conference 2023 – Present

Background: Washington State, mirroring a national crisis, experienced a surge in opioid-related deaths, with 17,502 fatalities from 2007 to 2021. This trend aligns with the U.S.'s broader opioid epidemic, marked by 70,000 drug overdose deaths in 2017, data show overdose deaths involving opioids increased from an estimated 70,029 in 2020 to 80,816 in 2021. Overdose deaths were from synthetic opioids, primarily fentanyl. In response, empowering registered nurses (RNs) in emergency departments (EDs) to issue Nurse-Initiated Orders (NIO) for patients to discharge from the hospital with physical naloxone pre-pack kits to be used in the community, an opioid antagonist, has …


Substance Use Disorder (Sud)- The Impact Of Sud In Utah, Amber Escobedo Feb 2024

Substance Use Disorder (Sud)- The Impact Of Sud In Utah, Amber Escobedo

Annual Research Symposium

Substance use disorder (SUD) is a manageable mental disorder that causes affected individuals to lose control over their use of substances such as drugs or alcohol. The cost of this disorder leads to the loss of billions of dollars each year. The purpose of this study is to explore ways to minimize the cost SUD bring to Utah and the United States.


Pharmacist Interventions Increase Uptake Of Pneumonia Vaccination In At-Risk Populations: A Review., Kaitlyn Hinton Feb 2024

Pharmacist Interventions Increase Uptake Of Pneumonia Vaccination In At-Risk Populations: A Review., Kaitlyn Hinton

Annual Research Symposium

Pneumonia is a large burden to healthcare costs and a large cause of hospitalization (Hayes, BH. Chest. 2018, 153(2), 427), and bacterial pneumonia can be prevented through vaccination. While pediatric vaccinations are routinely given, an additional dose is required for adults 65+ years of age or otherwise immune compromised, including diabetics. Only 22.2% of Immunocompromised patients and 65% of the elderly population have received the extra dose (Hung, MC. CDC. 2022). With pharmacist interventions, these vaccination rates could increase significantly. The purpose of this study was to conduct a review of the literature to identify interventions that have yielded higher …


Medication Errors Among Als Providers In The Prehospital Setting, Cody Vaughn Gibson, Victor Jimenez Jr Feb 2024

Medication Errors Among Als Providers In The Prehospital Setting, Cody Vaughn Gibson, Victor Jimenez Jr

Annual Research Symposium

EMS providers administer a variety of medications to patients in the prehospital environment, and while there are numerous published studies on medication errors pertaining to the hospital environment, there are comparatively fewer studies which focus on the prehospital environment. Therefore, the purpose of this survey is to investigate the type and frequency of medication errors occurring in the prehospital environment.


Evaluation Of Novel Therapeutic Agents For The Treatment Of Chronic Dry Eyes, Lilian Huynh, Evonie Villarete, Surajit Dey Feb 2024

Evaluation Of Novel Therapeutic Agents For The Treatment Of Chronic Dry Eyes, Lilian Huynh, Evonie Villarete, Surajit Dey

Annual Research Symposium

Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial ocular condition, where disrupted tear film stability and ocular surface inflammation affected between 5% to 34% of the worldwide population in 2015 and posed a challenge to conventional ophthalmic treatments. Recent advances have led to potential novel therapeutics aiming to alleviate symptoms and improve patient outcomes.


A Cost Variation Analysis Of Various Statin Preparations Available In The Egyptian Market, Radwa Ahmed Ibrahim, Marwa G. Elhennawy, Samar F. Farid Feb 2024

A Cost Variation Analysis Of Various Statin Preparations Available In The Egyptian Market, Radwa Ahmed Ibrahim, Marwa G. Elhennawy, Samar F. Farid

Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy Cairo University

Introduction: Dyslipidemia is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Statin preparations are the most effective lipid-lowering preparations that reduce the risk of mortality related to cardiovascular diseases. In the Egyptian market, various statin preparations have different strengths and prices. Aim: The current study aims to assess the percentage of cost variations among different statin medications in the Egyptian market. Methods: This is a cost variation study conducted from November to December 2022. The data were collected by using the Egyptian master on therapeutic drugs, edition 2022, and from the Egyptian Drug Database (DDB) website. The maximum and …


Analysis Of Us Food And Drug Administration New Drug And Biologic Approvals, Regulatory Pathways, And Review Times, 1980–2022, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, John H. Powers Iii Feb 2024

Analysis Of Us Food And Drug Administration New Drug And Biologic Approvals, Regulatory Pathways, And Review Times, 1980–2022, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, John H. Powers Iii

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

U.S. laws enacted since 1983 have aimed to enhance the development and marketing of new pharmaceutical products. We thoroughly characterized all new molecular entities, therapeutic biologics, and gene and cell therapies approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) during the period 1980–2022 in the context of these laws and regulations. Throughout the study period, the FDA approved 1355 new pharmaceutical products. The median FDA review time decreased from 26.6 months prior to the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (1992), which authorized the FDA to collect fees from drug companies to 9.9 months after the Food and Drug Administration …


Quantifying Community-Based Pharmacy Student Operational And Clinical Rotation (Ippe) Activities., Kenneth Kunke, Phillip Lawrence, C. Leiana Oswald, Erin Johanson, Michelle Hon Feb 2024

Quantifying Community-Based Pharmacy Student Operational And Clinical Rotation (Ippe) Activities., Kenneth Kunke, Phillip Lawrence, C. Leiana Oswald, Erin Johanson, Michelle Hon

Annual Research Symposium

The purpose of this study is to identify and describe trends in the quantity and proportion of operational and clinical activities performed by students on introductory (IPPE) rotations.


Nanoemulsion Formulation Of Pregabalin For Enhanced Nose To Brain Delivery And Biological Tracking Using Radiolabeling With 99mtc, Hend Fayez, Adli A. Selim, Rehab N. Shamma, Hassan M. Rashed Feb 2024

Nanoemulsion Formulation Of Pregabalin For Enhanced Nose To Brain Delivery And Biological Tracking Using Radiolabeling With 99mtc, Hend Fayez, Adli A. Selim, Rehab N. Shamma, Hassan M. Rashed

Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy Cairo University

Pregabalin is a γ-aminobutyric acid analogue used for the treatment of neuropathic pain, seizures, and anxiety disorders. After oral administration, its level of brain penetration is rather modest. In this research, pregabalin was formulated successfully as a nanoemulsion. To track the biodistribution of pregabalin nanoemulsion in vivo, radiolabelling of pregabalin using 99mTc was performed. The different factors affecting radiolabeling yield were studied and radiolabelling yield of 92.6 % was achieved. A biological evaluation was performed in Swiss Albino mice through comparing biodistribution of intranasal (IN) 99mTc-pregabalin nanoemulsion with intravenous (IV) 99mTc-pregabalin solution at different time intervals. Biodistribution results show a …


Targeting Strategies To Optimize The Therapeutic Potential Of Gold Compounds Against Her2-Positive Breast Cancers, Afruja Ahad Feb 2024

Targeting Strategies To Optimize The Therapeutic Potential Of Gold Compounds Against Her2-Positive Breast Cancers, Afruja Ahad

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The overexpression of HER2 accounts for 20-30% of breast cancer tumors and not only serves as a marker for poor predictive clinical outcomes but also as a target for treatment. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) combine the selectivity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs to provide targeted treatment without toxicity to normal tissue. Most of the ADCs currently in the clinic for cancer chemotherapy are based on complex organic molecules. In contrast, the conjugation of metallodrugs to mAbs has been overlooked when there is enormous potential in this area with the resurgence of metal-based drugs as prospective cancer …


Tbi And Tau Loss-Of-Function Both Affect Naïve Ethanol Sensitivity In Drosophila, Gregg Roman Feb 2024

Tbi And Tau Loss-Of-Function Both Affect Naïve Ethanol Sensitivity In Drosophila, Gregg Roman

Faculty and Student Publications

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with alcohol abuse and higher ethanol sensitivity later in life. Currently, it is poorly understood how ethanol sensitivity changes with time after TBI and whether there are sex-dependent differences in the relationship between TBI and ethanol sensitivity. This study uses the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster to investigate how TBI affects alcohol sensitivity and whether the effects are sex-specific. Our results indicate that flies have a significantly higher sensitivity to the intoxicating levels of ethanol during the acute phase post-TBI, regardless of sex. The increased ethanol sensitivity decreases as time progresses; however, females take longer …


Effectiveness Of Antibiotic Stewardship For Healthcare Providers At Urgent Care Clinics, Helen Titilope Adewole Feb 2024

Effectiveness Of Antibiotic Stewardship For Healthcare Providers At Urgent Care Clinics, Helen Titilope Adewole

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Antibiotics have revolutionized modern medicine; however, the overuse in urgent care and primary care significantly contributes to the global burden of infections resistant to available antimicrobial medicines. Approximately 30% of the antimicrobials prescribed in acute care settings are unnecessary. Patient demand for antibiotics has seemingly skyrocketed following the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Practitioners must be knowledgeable about antibiotic stewardship initiatives, such as the wait-and-see approach, to reduce antibiotic overuse and improve the trajectory of antibiotic resistance and patient health outcomes. The gap in practice was the limited awareness of scientific evidence-based tools to partner with patients and improve antibiotic prescription patterns. …


Share Cannabidiol Exposure During Gestation Leads To Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Early In Postnatal Life In Male Rat Offspring., Daniel B. Hardy, Steven R. Laviolette, Kendrick Lee, David Rc Natale Feb 2024

Share Cannabidiol Exposure During Gestation Leads To Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Early In Postnatal Life In Male Rat Offspring., Daniel B. Hardy, Steven R. Laviolette, Kendrick Lee, David Rc Natale

Physiology and Pharmacology Publications

Introduction: Studies indicate that *7% of pregnant individuals in North America consume cannabis in pregnancy. Pre-clinical studies have established that maternal exposure to D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; major psychoactive component in cannabis) leads to fetal growth restriction and impaired cardiac function in offspring. However, the effects of maternal exposure to cannabidiol (CBD; major non-euphoric constituent) on cardiac outcomes in offspring remain unknown. Therefore, our objective is to investigate the functional and underlying molecular impacts in the hearts of offspring exposed to CBD in pregnancy. Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to either 3 or 30mg/kg CBD or vehicle control i.p. daily from …


Cannabidiol Exposure During Rat Pregnancy Leads To Labyrinth-Specific Vascular Defects In The Placenta And Reduced Fetal Growth, Daniel B. Hardy, David R C Natale, Kendrick Lee Feb 2024

Cannabidiol Exposure During Rat Pregnancy Leads To Labyrinth-Specific Vascular Defects In The Placenta And Reduced Fetal Growth, Daniel B. Hardy, David R C Natale, Kendrick Lee

Physiology and Pharmacology Publications

Introduction: Cannabis use is increasing among pregnant people, and cannabidiol (CBD), a constituent of cannabis, is often perceived as ‘‘natural’’ and ‘‘safe’’ as it is non-intoxicating. In utero, cannabis exposure is associated with negative health outcomes, including fetal growth restriction (FGR). The placenta supplies oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, and alterations in placental development can lead to FGR. While there has been some investigation into the effects of D9-THC, there has been limited investigation into the impacts of in utero gestational CBD exposure on the placenta. Methods: This study used histological and transcriptomic analysis of embryonic day (E)19.5 rat …


Genome-Wide Mutagenesis To Investigate The N-Terminal Methylome: The Protective Effects Of Hsp31 And Other Methylated Proteins In Yeast, James Rooney, Jacob Lindsey Jan 2024

Genome-Wide Mutagenesis To Investigate The N-Terminal Methylome: The Protective Effects Of Hsp31 And Other Methylated Proteins In Yeast, James Rooney, Jacob Lindsey

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

The purpose of this study was to understand the role of methylation in regulating the cellular stress response of Hsp31 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells. Hsp31 is known to be methylated by the N-terminal methyltransferase Tae1. Changing the methylation site can affect the methylation status of Hsp31, which may play a role in the protective activity of Hsp31 against cellular stress. GLO1 is a gene in yeast involved in catalyzing the detoxification of methylglyoxal (MGO), which is a by-product of glycolysis. We established that S. cerevisiae in the glo1Δ and background is sensitive to cellular stress by MGO. Mutant strains …


Oxidative Stress And Ion Channels In Neurodegenerative Diseases, Razan Orfali, Adnan Z. Alwatban, Rawan S. Orfali, Liz Lau, Noble Chea, Abdullah M. Alotaibi, Young-Woo Nam, Miao Zhang Jan 2024

Oxidative Stress And Ion Channels In Neurodegenerative Diseases, Razan Orfali, Adnan Z. Alwatban, Rawan S. Orfali, Liz Lau, Noble Chea, Abdullah M. Alotaibi, Young-Woo Nam, Miao Zhang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Numerous neurodegenerative diseases result from altered ion channel function and mutations. The intracellular redox status can significantly alter the gating characteristics of ion channels. Abundant neurodegenerative diseases associated with oxidative stress have been documented, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, spinocerebellar ataxia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Huntington’s disease. Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species compounds trigger posttranslational alterations that target specific sites within the subunits responsible for channel assembly. These alterations include the adjustment of cysteine residues through redox reactions induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitration, and S-nitrosylation assisted by nitric oxide of tyrosine residues through peroxynitrite. Several ion channels have been directly …


De Novo Drug Design Using Transformer-Based Machine Translation And Reinforcement Learning Of An Adaptive Monte Carlo Tree Search, Dony Ang, Cyril Rakovski, Hagop S. Atamian Jan 2024

De Novo Drug Design Using Transformer-Based Machine Translation And Reinforcement Learning Of An Adaptive Monte Carlo Tree Search, Dony Ang, Cyril Rakovski, Hagop S. Atamian

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

The discovery of novel therapeutic compounds through de novo drug design represents a critical challenge in the field of pharmaceutical research. Traditional drug discovery approaches are often resource intensive and time consuming, leading researchers to explore innovative methods that harness the power of deep learning and reinforcement learning techniques. Here, we introduce a novel drug design approach called drugAI that leverages the Encoder–Decoder Transformer architecture in tandem with Reinforcement Learning via a Monte Carlo Tree Search (RL-MCTS) to expedite the process of drug discovery while ensuring the production of valid small molecules with drug-like characteristics and strong binding affinities towards …


Behavioral Effects Of Novel Treatments For Pain Using Different Pathways, Danya M I Aldaghma Jan 2024

Behavioral Effects Of Novel Treatments For Pain Using Different Pathways, Danya M I Aldaghma

Theses and Dissertations

Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensation that is mostly caused by a stimulus from our surroundings. This sensation has the potential to become a significant concern, disrupting daily activities, and diminishing overall quality of life. However, it could also hold significant importance as it serves as a protective mechanism. Pain acts as an alarm system for the human body, alerting it to potentially harmful situations where tissues may be at risk of damage1. Despite the considerable advancements in pain treatment and the extensive knowledge scientists possess regarding the pathophysiology and pathways of pain, numerous medications aimed at alleviating pain …


2018 2nd Place: Identifying The Effectiveness Of Plant Extracts For Treating Biofilms Of Escherichia Coli And Myxococcus Xanthus, Micah Burton Jan 2024

2018 2nd Place: Identifying The Effectiveness Of Plant Extracts For Treating Biofilms Of Escherichia Coli And Myxococcus Xanthus, Micah Burton

Harrisburg University Research Symposium: Highlighting Research, Innovation, & Creativity

Antibiotic resistance is a topic that is of growing concern in the field of medicine. Antibiotics act as growth blockers or act as toxins, killing the organism they affect. These biological weapons generate selective pressure leading to the current antibiotic crisis. This selective pressure causes resistant organisms to begin to emerge and over generations antibiotic resistance can develop and be spread among a bacterial population.

One of the key factors contributing to antibiotic resistance in bacteria is the ability for some bacteria to form and shield themselves within biofilms. Biofilms are masses of bacteria protected by a polysaccharide/ extracellular DNA …


Real-World Dispensing Of Buprenorphine In California During Prepandemic And Pandemic Periods, Yun Wang, Alexandre Chan, Richard Beuttler, Marc L. Fleming, Todd Schneberk, Michael Nichol, Haibing Lu Jan 2024

Real-World Dispensing Of Buprenorphine In California During Prepandemic And Pandemic Periods, Yun Wang, Alexandre Chan, Richard Beuttler, Marc L. Fleming, Todd Schneberk, Michael Nichol, Haibing Lu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction: The opioid overdose crisis in the United States has become a significant national emergency. Buprenorphine, a primary medication for individuals coping with opioid use disorder (OUD), presents promising pharmacokinetic properties for use in primary care settings, and is often delivered as a take-home therapy. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the scarcity of access to buprenorphine, leading to dire consequences for those with OUD. Most existing studies, primarily focused on the immediate aftermath of the COVID-19 outbreak, highlight the challenges in accessing medications for opioid use disorder (MOUDs), particularly buprenorphine. However, these studies only cover a relatively short timeframe. Methods: To …


Avaren-Fc, A Novel Immunotherapeutic, Recruits Nk Cells In B16f10 Melanoma Tumor Tissue, Sreevatsa Vemuri, Katarina Mayer, Nobuyuki Matoba Jan 2024

Avaren-Fc, A Novel Immunotherapeutic, Recruits Nk Cells In B16f10 Melanoma Tumor Tissue, Sreevatsa Vemuri, Katarina Mayer, Nobuyuki Matoba

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the US, with limited effective immunotherapeutic options available for patients. Avaren-Fc (AvFc) is a novel experimental immunotherapeutic agent with a unique “lectibody” property. It is capable of targeting cancer cells through the selective recognition of high mannose glycans, which are aberrantly overrepresented on the surface of malignant cells. AvFc can interact with circulating effector immune cells equipped with Fc receptors, such as natural killer (NK) cells to induce antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and kill cancer cells. Previous work has shown that AvFc effectively induces ADCC activity against B16F10 cancer cells in vitro …


Covid-19 And Burnout Among Community Pharmacists In The West Bank – Palestine, Amjad H. Bazzari, Firas H. Bazzari Jan 2024

Covid-19 And Burnout Among Community Pharmacists In The West Bank – Palestine, Amjad H. Bazzari, Firas H. Bazzari

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a strong impact on the physical and mental well-being of healthcare workers. However, the focus has been directed towards nurses and physicians compared to pharmacists. Here, the researchers investigated the prevalence of burnout among community pharmacists in the West Bank – Palestine during the pandemic and the associated COVID-19 factors. The study was conducted using a written questionnaire and the sample included a total of 70 pharmacists. The results showed a burnout prevalence of 45.7% with work-related burnout having the highest impact on both males (50%) and females (54.8%). The level of burnout …


Pharmacovigilance Data As A Trigger To Identify Antimicrobial Adverse Effects: A Study Using Reports From Basra Pharmacovigilance Centre, Sarah T Omran Jan 2024

Pharmacovigilance Data As A Trigger To Identify Antimicrobial Adverse Effects: A Study Using Reports From Basra Pharmacovigilance Centre, Sarah T Omran

Maaen Journal for Medical Sciences

Background: pharmacovigilance is the science and activities that used to detect, evaluate, understand, and prevent drugs' adverse effects and to ensure that medicines are used safely and effectively. Antimicrobials considered as an important curable medicine for diseases; however, irrational medical prescribing may lead to differing types of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) Aim of Study: The study aims to summarize besides analyzing data from the pharmacovigilance center in Basrah concerning antibiotic use-related ADR. Method: This study is a retrospective cohort study of antibiotic used in 2022-2023. The study population consists of patients who received antibiotics during the study period. The outcome …


Stevens-Johnson Syndrome From Combined Allopurinol And Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors: A Narrative Review, Isabella M. Fabian, Kirsten Maddox, Cameron Robicheaux, Rahib K. Islam, Ahmed Anwar, Bradley Dorius, Christopher L. Robinson, Adam M. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye Jan 2024

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome From Combined Allopurinol And Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors: A Narrative Review, Isabella M. Fabian, Kirsten Maddox, Cameron Robicheaux, Rahib K. Islam, Ahmed Anwar, Bradley Dorius, Christopher L. Robinson, Adam M. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe and potentially debilitating skin reaction frequently related to medication use. Allopurinol and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are commonly prescribed medications for prevalent health conditions worldwide, and their interaction associated with SJS warrants further investigation. A comprehensive literature search was performed to investigate cases as studies related to SJS occurring in patients with concomitant use of allopurinol and ACE inhibitors. We identified case reports and studies detailing hypersensitivity reactions, including SJS, attributed to a combination of allopurinol and ACE inhibitors. Despite the drug-drug interactions or lack thereof seen in patient populations, there is no definitive …


A Population-Based Study Of Children Suggests Blunted Morning Cortisol Rhythms Are Associated With Alterations Of The Systemic Inflammatory State, Runia Roy, Utkarsh J. Dang, Kim M. Huffman, Tchilabalo Alayi, Yetrib Hathout, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Paul S. Visich, Eric P. Hoffman Jan 2024

A Population-Based Study Of Children Suggests Blunted Morning Cortisol Rhythms Are Associated With Alterations Of The Systemic Inflammatory State, Runia Roy, Utkarsh J. Dang, Kim M. Huffman, Tchilabalo Alayi, Yetrib Hathout, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Paul S. Visich, Eric P. Hoffman

Pharmacy Faculty Scholarship

Background: In children, digital media, lifestyle, and the COVID pandemic have impacted sunlight exposure, exercise, and diet patterns - cues that entrain the circadian clock. We hypothesized that low morning cortisol reflects a weak circadian clock, impacting the pro-inflammatory state. The primary objective was to test relationships between diurnal cortisol fluctuations and the inflammatory state in children as a means of providing indirect support for this hypothesis. Methods: The Cardiovascular Health Intervention Program (CHIP) was a population-based cross-sectional and longitudinal study of circadian health in public elementary school children in Southern Maine, USA (recruitment period 2012–2017). Participants were 689 students …


N-Vitro Time-Kill Assays And Semi-Mechanistic Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling Of A Beta-Lactam Antibiotic Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis: Optimizing Dosing Regimens For The Geriatric Population, Zeel Saumin Shah Jan 2024

N-Vitro Time-Kill Assays And Semi-Mechanistic Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling Of A Beta-Lactam Antibiotic Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis: Optimizing Dosing Regimens For The Geriatric Population, Zeel Saumin Shah

Selected Full-Text Dissertations 2020-

Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PKPD) modeling and simulation have emerged as pivotal tools in drug development and usage. Such models characterize typical trends in data and quantify the variability in relationships among dose, concentration, and desired effects. For antibacterial applications, models characterizing bacterial growth and antibiotic-induced bacterial killing offer insight into interactions between antibiotics, bacteria, and the host. Simulations from these models predict outcomes for untested scenarios, refine study designs, and optimize dosing regimens.

Enterococcus faecalis, a significant opportunistic bacterial pathogen with increasing clinical relevance, is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract but can lead to severe infection, such as endocarditis. Treatments for …


Zeitlin’S Top 200 Dental Deckades (January 2024), Benjamin D. Zeitlin Jan 2024

Zeitlin’S Top 200 Dental Deckades (January 2024), Benjamin D. Zeitlin

Pacific Open Texts

Pharmacology courses in any institution are information intensive with a constant, high volume of new material. With that in mind, the standards that the American Dental Education Association set for Pharmacology include that: “the student must identify the influences drugs taken for non-dental purposes may have on a proposed treatment (…) and the student must recognize therapeutic agents used in the routine practice of clinical dentistry.” This requires that students at a minimum, recognize common drugs and know their major implications for dental therapy.

This learning tool has been created to address the drug recognition aspect of that standard.

See …


Evidence Synthesis Methodology: Promoting Reproducible Methodology Through Modified Assignments, Laura Lipke, Neyda Gilman Jan 2024

Evidence Synthesis Methodology: Promoting Reproducible Methodology Through Modified Assignments, Laura Lipke, Neyda Gilman

Library Created Resources

Initially, systematic reviews in healthcare served to synthesize findings from clinical studies, aiding comprehensive access to the most effective treatments within evidence-based practice. Over time, their scope has broadened beyond treatment effectiveness, leading to a surge in publication. Consequently, many health science faculty now assign systematic reviews in classrooms without a full grasp of the standardized process, leaving students ill-equipped due to insufficient guidance and resources.

While mastering systematic review techniques is crucial for evidence-based practice, faculty can opt for modified assignments to foster a deeper understanding of the review process. These modified tasks, can be completed within a semester, …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Cbct In The Differential Diagnosis Of Apical Cysts And Granulomas Using Histopathological Findings As A Reference Standard: A Systematic Revew, Fatima Zohra Rouggani, Chaimaa Kabil, Rachida Mayou, Sidi Mohamed . Bouzoubaa Jan 2024

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Cbct In The Differential Diagnosis Of Apical Cysts And Granulomas Using Histopathological Findings As A Reference Standard: A Systematic Revew, Fatima Zohra Rouggani, Chaimaa Kabil, Rachida Mayou, Sidi Mohamed . Bouzoubaa

Health Sciences

Introduction

The periapical lesions represent a complex group. Granulomas and cysts represent the two most frequent forms in routine clinical practice.

Aim: Highlight the diagnostic accuracy of CBCT imaging in the differential diagnosis between a cyst and a granuloma compared to histopathological examination as a reference technique.

Materials and Methods:

Our literature search involved articles published in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, science direct and Google scholar.

Our intention was to review recent articles from the last 5 years and to select studies conducted in significantly changed socio-medical contexts that could have a positive impact on the validity of our …


Satisfaction And Absenteeism To Lectures:Cross-Sectionnel Study Of Dental Students, Manal El Hijazi, Soundouss Soulami, Ihsane Benyahya Jan 2024

Satisfaction And Absenteeism To Lectures:Cross-Sectionnel Study Of Dental Students, Manal El Hijazi, Soundouss Soulami, Ihsane Benyahya

Health Sciences

Introduction: Lectures are still the main pedagogical tool in universities. The aim of this study was to evaluate student satisfaction with lectures and to analyze the factors behind student absenteeism.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among dental student by a voluntary, anonymous self-administered questionnaire with open and closed question. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS version 25 and the Chi2 test was used to compare percentages, with a significance level of p