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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Idea Of Implementing Spiliada Principle For Indonesian Court In Hearing Private International Law Cases, Ranto Sabungan Silalahi Jul 2024

The Idea Of Implementing Spiliada Principle For Indonesian Court In Hearing Private International Law Cases, Ranto Sabungan Silalahi

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Indonesia and Singapore are among the ASEAN members and ready to welcome the implementation of the ASEAN Economic Community. The ASEAN Economic Community itself has been planned for a long time and the aim of establishing the ASEAN Economic Community is so that countries that are within ASEAN membership can face the problems of trade and economic activities on a large and global basis. This will certainly increase the number of cross-border transactions and investments between these two nations and other members of the ASEAN community. In reality, the cross-border transactions and investments also involve the Legal Entities and Natural …


Legal Basis And Procedures Unification On Oil Spill Damage Compensation In International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage (1992) And The International Convention On Civil Liability For Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (2001): On Indonesian International Private Law Perspective, Cindy A. Prasasti, Kania P. Rahmadiani, Fayza N. Muthmainnah Jul 2024

Legal Basis And Procedures Unification On Oil Spill Damage Compensation In International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage (1992) And The International Convention On Civil Liability For Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (2001): On Indonesian International Private Law Perspective, Cindy A. Prasasti, Kania P. Rahmadiani, Fayza N. Muthmainnah

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Oil spills into the sea have always been a major threat to the environment since the increase of oil and hazardous substances trade by sea-going vessels and seaborne craft since the 1960s. Consequently, it became necessary to ensure sufficient compensation for persons who suffer from damage caused by pollution emerging from the discharge of oil from ships. The 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (Civil Liability Convention/CLC) and The 2001 International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (Bunker Convention) grant compensation for parties suffering from damages of oil pollution. Despite being established as …


Apostille's Effect On Doing Business In Indonesia, Margaretha Uly Pakpahan Jul 2024

Apostille's Effect On Doing Business In Indonesia, Margaretha Uly Pakpahan

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Legalization through Apostille should simplify the legalization process, doing activities abroad and improving Indonesian economic quality. Legalization is a series of procedures performed to authenticate a signature, stamp or seal which aims to provide a valid status for a public document. The legalization process in Indonesia consists of two steps, namely legalization at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights after which legalization is carried out at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Furthermore, the document is shown to the representative of the country intended for legalization. In practice, the legalization process mostly carried out by various agencies in Indonesia, this …


Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo Jul 2024

Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Korean pop (K-Pop) and its fandom culture have penetrated Indonesia, resulting in a flourishing K-pop product sector. Fansite goods, fan-made merchandise originating in Korea, are one of the most popular merchandise among fans. However, because Indonesian fans' purchasing power is still restricted, many of them resort to copyright infringement of fansite goods in order to either own or gain profit from the merchandise. This article will explain whether fansite goods are protected by copyright from which country, and if so, which jurisdiction and law is applicable to rule on a dispute of fansite goods copyright infringement perpetrated by an Indonesian …


Validity Of International Sales Contracts According To The United Nations Convention On Contracts Of The International Sale Of Goods 1980, Thea Mutiara Khalifa Jul 2024

Validity Of International Sales Contracts According To The United Nations Convention On Contracts Of The International Sale Of Goods 1980, Thea Mutiara Khalifa

Journal of Private International Law Studies

This article attempts to shed light on how the United Nations Convention on Contracts of the International Sale of Goods 1980 (CISG) regulates the validity of international sales contracts, using juridical normative research methods through literature studies. According to Article 4(a) of the CISG, the Convention does not govern matters on validity, with certain exceptions. This research shows that CISG governs some matters pertaining to validity: formal validity, initial impossibility of performance, and open-price contracts. As seen from the cases of Forestal Guarani v. Daros International and Geneva Pharmaceuticals v. Barr Laboratories, the CISG allocates those validity issues that do …


History Of Mexico’S Tax Regime: A Haphazard Journey., Nicolás José Muñiz May 2024

History Of Mexico’S Tax Regime: A Haphazard Journey., Nicolás José Muñiz

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Mexico’s tax regime can best be described as haphazard and uncoordinated, as indirect levies were often assessed to satisfy short-term needs, irrespective of the economic capacity to pay of the local population. When compared to other members of the OECD, Mexico reports a relatively low tax-to-GDP ratio. This may be attributable to the vast presence of small to medium size companies conducting business in the informal market, the comparatively minor percentage of individuals and companies that regularly pay tax, and proliferation of tax benefits historically enjoyed by the wealthy.

This Article covers the more salient features of Mexican tax legislation …


The Detention Of Immigration Policy: How States Are Commandeering Dhs Enforcement Guidelines, Brianna Riguera May 2024

The Detention Of Immigration Policy: How States Are Commandeering Dhs Enforcement Guidelines, Brianna Riguera

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

In 2021, the Department of Homeland Security issued immigration guidelines that de-emphasized detention and removal of non-citizens who, aside from being undocumented, are otherwise contributing members of communities across the United States. However, Arizona, Montana, Ohio, Texas, and Louisiana challenged these guidelines, launching a nuanced legal dispute that concerned states standing under Article III, prosecutorial discretion, and nationwide preliminary injunctions. In United States v. Texas, the Court ruled 8-1 that the states lacked standing and reversed the Fifth Circuit’s nationwide injunction, but the majority opinion failed to address the other legal issues that are pressing on a rife debate about …


Front Matter And Table Of Contents May 2024

Front Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead May 2024

Masthead

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Shareholders’ Agreements In Public Corporations In Chile: What Are We Missing Out?, Gonzalo Islas, Osvaldo Lagos, Iván Cerda May 2024

Shareholders’ Agreements In Public Corporations In Chile: What Are We Missing Out?, Gonzalo Islas, Osvaldo Lagos, Iván Cerda

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Shareholders’ agreements are quite common in many jurisdictions. Theory and empirical evidence suggest that they may have a positive or a negative impact on corporate governance structures depending on companies’ characteristics and on the goals that these contracts pursue. Shareholders’ agreements may be used as Control Enhancement Mechanisms (CEM) allowing controllers to circumvent rules that favor minority investors. However, comparing to other CEM, in many countries information regarding them is scarce. Is it necessary that shareholders’ agreements in public corporations be fully informed?

We examine the case of Chile (a country that only requires to inform that a shareholder agreement …


The Oberlin Saga: Integrating North America’S Pipeline System And Potential Impacts On Hydrogen, Samuel Stephens May 2024

The Oberlin Saga: Integrating North America’S Pipeline System And Potential Impacts On Hydrogen, Samuel Stephens

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

This Article explores how the D.C. Circuit’s decision in City of Oberlin, Ohio v. FERC (2022) (Oberlin II) will impact future natural gas pipelines and potentially even future hydrogen infrastructure. While the decision reinforced support for integrating North American natural gas infrastructure, given uncertainties in how the United States will regulate the emerging hydrogen industry, there is a chance that the decision could be more expansive than what initially meets the eye. By continuing down the path of supporting North American energy integration, Congress, federal courts, and administrative agencies will help prepare the United States for an uncertain energy future. …


Courthouse Doors Are Closed To Foreign Citizens For International Law Torts Committed By American Corporations, Gisell Landrian May 2024

Courthouse Doors Are Closed To Foreign Citizens For International Law Torts Committed By American Corporations, Gisell Landrian

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

This Note examines the intersection of corporate accountability, human rights violations, and legal recourse for victims of child slavery in the cocoa industry inspired by the Court’s decision Nestle USA, Inc. v. Doe. This decision further limited the scope of the Alien Tort Statute, hindering the plaintiffs’ quest for justice for international human rights violations. The Note analyzes the decision in Nestle USA, Inc. v. Doe through (1) an examination of the Court’s limitations on the Alien Tort Statute and (2) an analysis of the Canadian Supreme Court’s decision in Nevsun.


Puerto Rico: The Island Of Infringement? An Analysis Of The Intersectionality Of Eleventh Amendment Sovereign Immunity And Federal False Endorsement Claims, Robert Hilton May 2024

Puerto Rico: The Island Of Infringement? An Analysis Of The Intersectionality Of Eleventh Amendment Sovereign Immunity And Federal False Endorsement Claims, Robert Hilton

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

This Note delves into the complex legal landscape of Puerto Rico’s application of sovereign immunity in the context of federal false endorsement claims, focusing particularly on the recent case involving the unauthorized use of Hall of Fame baseball player Roberto Clemente’s name and likeness. It critically examines the intersectionality of Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity with the Lanham Act’s Section 43(a), highlighting the challenges faced in enforcing intellectual property rights within unincorporated territories of the United States.

The analysis begins by exploring the historical basis of sovereign immunity and its evolution from common law to the intricacies of the Eleventh Amendment. …


A Right To Republish: Redesigning Copyright Law For Research Works, Faith O. Majekolagbe May 2024

A Right To Republish: Redesigning Copyright Law For Research Works, Faith O. Majekolagbe

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Dispossession Is Nine-Tenths Of The Law: Understanding How Property Law Is A Tool Of Dispossession Of Fundamental Human Rights, Kathryn Schulte May 2024

Dispossession Is Nine-Tenths Of The Law: Understanding How Property Law Is A Tool Of Dispossession Of Fundamental Human Rights, Kathryn Schulte

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

The United States government’s systemic dispossession of Native peoples’ land and resources violates international law under the United Nations Declaration of Rights of Indigenous Peoples’ (UNDRIP). It is not a coincidence that the U.S. government has failed to adopt UNDRIP as binding domestic legislation, but a means to maintain the racist status quo upon which the country’s property laws were created. It is imperative that the United States legally recognizes the rights of Native People in order to provide justice for the millions wronged by the violence of settler colonialism. This article will begin with an introduction to the history …


Justice For Crimes Bigger Than Borders: The Product Of The Extradition Of Pinochet, Lauren Schwab May 2024

Justice For Crimes Bigger Than Borders: The Product Of The Extradition Of Pinochet, Lauren Schwab

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Universal jurisdiction is a tool that allows States to prosecute perpetrators of heinous crimes, even when the crimes are seemingly unrelated to the prosecuting country. While the principles of universal jurisdiction are not a new concept, the frequency at which universal jurisdiction is used has rapidly increased. The explanation for this explosion in the use of universal jurisdiction is a direct product of the extradition of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet to Spain for war crimes and genocide. While Pinochet’s case ended long ago, the impact it left on the international legal community will live on for decades to come. This …


Advancing Human Rights Education In The United States: A Call For Action In The Public Education System, Shannon M. Conroy May 2024

Advancing Human Rights Education In The United States: A Call For Action In The Public Education System, Shannon M. Conroy

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Human rights education is education about, through, and for human rights. In 2004, the United Nations General Assembly implemented the World Programme for Human Rights Education. The World Programme provides global coordination for human rights education and promotes a common understanding of human rights education. Over the last twenty years, the United States failed to implement either federal or state human rights education programs. This article examines the academic and international discussion about human rights education for students in the United States, and argues for the need for stronger human rights education in public primary, secondary, and higher education institutions …


Decriminalization Of Sex Work In The United States: Protecting The Right To Bodily Autonomy And Health, Taiylor Ryan May 2024

Decriminalization Of Sex Work In The United States: Protecting The Right To Bodily Autonomy And Health, Taiylor Ryan

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Despite the legalization and reluctant acceptance of pornography and sites like OnlyFans, the United States continues to criminalize sex work. While the work that sex workers perform is similar to that of pornography or OnlyFans, sex workers are not afforded the same protections under the law. As a result of criminalization, sex workers are forced to work in unsafe conditions. Fear of facing criminal charges keeps sex workers from turning to the police when they need help or need to report a crime. Criminalization also adds to the stigma surrounding sex work, creating barriers that prevent sex workers from receiving …


Gender Pay Gap: Human Rights Violations Against Mexican Women Under The Cedaw And Udhr, Valerie M. Garcia May 2024

Gender Pay Gap: Human Rights Violations Against Mexican Women Under The Cedaw And Udhr, Valerie M. Garcia

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

The gender pay gap is an ongoing reality for women in Mexico, where domestic human rights commissions have reported it to be 76.5% as of 2023. As one of the Latin American countries with the highest gender pay gap, this paper analyzes the extent of government efforts to narrow the gap throughout different presidential administrations. Contemporaneously, the role of cultural machismo in Mexican society was examined to determine its impact on legal drafting and application for the benefit of women. The findings showed that cultural machismo and a passive government have impeded the closing of the gender pay gap and …


Brotherhood Or Bloodshed?: The Deprivation Of Human Rights Through Hazing Rituals, Emma Kalucki May 2024

Brotherhood Or Bloodshed?: The Deprivation Of Human Rights Through Hazing Rituals, Emma Kalucki

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Hazing has claimed the lives of hundreds of victims and is inflicted upon thousands more each year. Governments worldwide have worked to create laws prohibiting hazing and punishing those who inflict abuse upon others. But they have not worked hard enough.This article explores the human rights violations normalized through the continued, widespread practice of hazing. It first dives into the history of hazing practices within the United States, Portugal, and Thailand, focusing on hazing occurring within universities and affiliated organizations. Next, through an examination of national and international laws, this article criticizes the lack of each respective government’s action to …


Too Little, Too Late: The Icc And The Politics Of Prosecutorial Procrastination In Georgia, Marco Bocchese May 2024

Too Little, Too Late: The Icc And The Politics Of Prosecutorial Procrastination In Georgia, Marco Bocchese

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In August 2008, just days after belligerent parties had reached a ceasefire agreement, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) announced the opening of a preliminary examination into the situation of Georgia. Yet, it was only in March 2022 that International Criminal Court (ICC) Chief Prosecutor Karim Khan applied for arrest warrants in relation to three individuals from Georgia’s breakaway region of South Ossetia. That said, how can such prolonged inaction be accounted for? How much blame does the OTP carry for it? And how did ICC-state relations develop over time? This paper conducts a within-case analysis of the situation of …


The International Centre For The Settlement Of Investment Dispute (Icsid) Annulment Reform: A Lesson Learned From The World Trade Organization Struggle, Putu George Matthew Simbolon, Tiurma Mangihut Pitta Allagan May 2024

The International Centre For The Settlement Of Investment Dispute (Icsid) Annulment Reform: A Lesson Learned From The World Trade Organization Struggle, Putu George Matthew Simbolon, Tiurma Mangihut Pitta Allagan

Indonesian Journal of International Law

This article expresses how ICSID can learn from the WTO’s current struggles due to the Appellate Body vacuum. To achieve that, this article consists of three discussions. The first discussions analyze the uncertainties caused by the vagueness of International Investment Law’s (IIL) absolute standards, due to the absence of a multilateral investment treaty. The second discussion expresses the elements of the Multi-Party Interim Arbitration Arrangement (MPIA Arrangement) that shall be taken into account by ICSID. The third discussion provides how the current ICSID annulment mechanism shall be reformed. Those issues are answered through doctrinal research in a prescriptive manner. In …


Reinterpreting The Normal Mode Of Submarine In Archipelagic Sea Lane Passage, Pornomo Rovan Astri Yoga, Indra Alverdian May 2024

Reinterpreting The Normal Mode Of Submarine In Archipelagic Sea Lane Passage, Pornomo Rovan Astri Yoga, Indra Alverdian

Indonesian Journal of International Law

Today, many experts of maritime powers take it for granted that a foreign submarine has the right of submerged passage in an archipelagic sea lane. By using the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) as a tool of interpretation, this paper tries to decipher whether a submerged passage is permissible or not in archipelagic sea lane passage. This paper found that the submerging in an archipelagic sea lane passage is not a generally accepted interpretation of “normal mode” in Article 53 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The writers discovered …


Ai-Ing The Future: An Analysis Of Past Treaty Features In Regulating Innovative Technologies, Sophia Tammera May 2024

Ai-Ing The Future: An Analysis Of Past Treaty Features In Regulating Innovative Technologies, Sophia Tammera

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between the specific features written into multilateral treaties and their success in regulating innovative technologies. It explores why detailed treaty provisions such as periodic reviews, trigger mechanisms, amendment provisions, and knowledge sharing are critical to the effectiveness of these international agreements. I argue that the presence of these features contributes significantly to a treaty's ability to adapt to changing circumstances, ensure transparency, and facilitate ongoing cooperation and collaboration among signatories. To test this claim, I completed an in-depth case study analysis of technologies like railroads, telegraphs, electricity, and nuclear weapons. The findings indicate that treaties …


Scholarship As Fun, Thomas Schultz May 2024

Scholarship As Fun, Thomas Schultz

Dalhousie Law Journal

One theme that traverses much of Pierre Schlag’s work is a sense of profound humanity—the idea that thinking and writing about the law can and should be a deeply, genuinely human activity—an activity for which we can, and should, break up many of the barriers that stand between us, between who we really are, and what we think and write. It is an activity for which we should put aside our pretences and insecurities and the attached formalisms and exaggerations behind which we so often hide, and which in the end constrain our humanity so much, as they take on …


Authoritarian Privacy, Mark Jia May 2024

Authoritarian Privacy, Mark Jia

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Privacy laws are traditionally associated with democracy. Yet autocracies increasingly have them. Why do governments that repress their citizens also protect their privacy? This Article answers this question through a study of China. China is a leading autocracy and the architect of a massive surveillance state. But China is also a major player in data protection, having enacted and enforced a number of laws on information privacy. To explain how this came to be, the Article first turns to several top-down objectives often said to motivate China’s privacy laws: advancing its digital economy, expanding its global influence, and protecting its …


Climate Change And Human Health: A Synthesis Of Scientific Research And State Obligations Under International Law, Jessica A. Wentz May 2024

Climate Change And Human Health: A Synthesis Of Scientific Research And State Obligations Under International Law, Jessica A. Wentz

Sabin Center for Climate Change Law

This report synthesizes the latest scientific research on the human health effects of climate change and discusses the legal implications of this research, specifically with regards to State obligations under international law. In doing so, the report seeks to provide insights on issues to be analyzed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in its upcoming advisory opinion on the legal obligations of States with respect to climate change. It also seeks to enhance the capacity of judges, advocates, and governments to understand these issues in the context of current and future proceedings involving international law obligations related to climate …


International Implications On Rising Sea Levels And Changing Ofmaritime Borders, Claire O'Brien, Megan Schumm Apr 2024

International Implications On Rising Sea Levels And Changing Ofmaritime Borders, Claire O'Brien, Megan Schumm

Ohio Northern University International Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Trade Laws Between Northern Ireland And The Republic Of Irelandpost Brexit, Claire O'Brien Apr 2024

Trade Laws Between Northern Ireland And The Republic Of Irelandpost Brexit, Claire O'Brien

Ohio Northern University International Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Chinese International Commercial Court: The “One Stop Shop”Stop To Justice, Christopher Mccain, Joseph Phillipps Apr 2024

The Chinese International Commercial Court: The “One Stop Shop”Stop To Justice, Christopher Mccain, Joseph Phillipps

Ohio Northern University International Law Journal

No abstract provided.