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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Engineering And Perception, Maribel Vazquez Sep 2016

Engineering And Perception, Maribel Vazquez

Open Educational Resources

An introductory seminar to High School and Freshman-Level Undergraduates that describes how several Biomedical Engineering innovations have been motivated by our senses of sight, sound, smell, taste and touch.


Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt Mar 2015

Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt

Robert Scheidt

People optimize reaching to make straight and smooth movements. We performed experiments characterizing human sensitivity to hand path deviations from a straight reach. Vision of the arm was blocked. Subjects either moved the hand along paths of constrained curvature, or a robot moved the relaxed limb along similar trajectories (active and passive conditions, respectively). Subjects responded after each trial whether or not they thought the movement curved convex right. In a series of three experiments, we tested the effects of modifying visual feedback of hand position to suppress curvature, isotonic muscle activation, and a distracter task on subjects ability to ...


Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson Mar 2015

Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson

Robert Scheidt

We examined how proprioceptive contributions to perception of hand path straightness are influenced by visual, motor and attentional sources of performance variability during horizontal planar reaching. Subjects held the handle of a robot that constrained goal-directed movements of the hand to the paths of controlled curvature. Subjects attempted to detect the presence of hand path curvature during both active (subject driven) and passive (robot driven) movements that either required active muscle force production or not. Subjects were less able to discriminate curved from straight paths when actively reaching for a target versus when the robot moved their hand through the ...


The Effects Of Separating Visual And Motor Workspaces On The Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation Across Movement Conditions, Yuming Lei Jul 2013

The Effects Of Separating Visual And Motor Workspaces On The Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation Across Movement Conditions, Yuming Lei

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Separating visual and proprioceptive information in terms of workspace locations during reaching movement has been shown to disturb transfer of visuomotor adaptation across the arms. Here, we investigated whether separating visual and motor workspaces would also disturb generalization of visuomotor adaptation across movement conditions within the same arm. In our behavioral study, subjects were divided into four experimental groups (plus three control groups). The first two groups adapted to a visual rotation under a "dissociation" condition in which the targets for reaching movement were presented in midline while their arm performed reaching movement laterally. Following that, they were tested in ...


Separation Of Visual And Motor Workspaces During Targeted Reaching Results In Limited Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation, Yuming Lei, Michelle J. Johnson, Jinsung Wang Apr 2013

Separation Of Visual And Motor Workspaces During Targeted Reaching Results In Limited Generalization Of Visuomotor Adaptation, Yuming Lei, Michelle J. Johnson, Jinsung Wang

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Separating visual and proprioceptive information in terms of workspace locations during reaching movement has been shown to disturb transfer of visuomotor adaptation across the arms. Here, we investigated whether separating visual and motor workspaces would also disturb generalization of visuomotor adaptation across movement conditions within the same arm. Subjects were divided into four experimental groups (plus three control groups). The first two groups adapted to a visual rotation under a “dissociation” condition in which the targets for reaching movement were presented in midline while their arm performed reaching movement laterally. Following that, they were tested in an “association” condition in ...


Quantification Of Neural Substrates Of Vergence System Via Fmri, Yelda Alkan Jan 2013

Quantification Of Neural Substrates Of Vergence System Via Fmri, Yelda Alkan

Dissertations

Vergence eye movement is one of the oculomotor systems which allow depth perception via disconjugate movement of the eyes. Neuroimaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measure neural activity changes activity in the brain while subjects perform experimental tasks. A rich body of primate investigations on vergence is already established in the neurophysiology literature; on the other hand, there are a limited number of fMRI studies on neural mechanisms behind the vergence system.

The results demonstrated that vergence system shares neural sources and also shows differentiation within the boundaries of frontal eye fields (FEF) and midbrain of the ...


Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson Jul 2010

Visual, Motor And Attentional Influences On Proprioceptive Contributions To Perception Of Hand Path Rectilinearity During Reaching, Robert A. Scheidt, Kyle P. Lillis, Scott J. Emerson

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

We examined how proprioceptive contributions to perception of hand path straightness are influenced by visual, motor and attentional sources of performance variability during horizontal planar reaching. Subjects held the handle of a robot that constrained goal-directed movements of the hand to the paths of controlled curvature. Subjects attempted to detect the presence of hand path curvature during both active (subject driven) and passive (robot driven) movements that either required active muscle force production or not. Subjects were less able to discriminate curved from straight paths when actively reaching for a target versus when the robot moved their hand through the ...


Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt Jan 2003

Sensitivity To Hand Path Curvature During Reaching, Kyle P. Lillis, Robert A. Scheidt

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

People optimize reaching to make straight and smooth movements. We performed experiments characterizing human sensitivity to hand path deviations from a straight reach. Vision of the arm was blocked. Subjects either moved the hand along paths of constrained curvature, or a robot moved the relaxed limb along similar trajectories (active and passive conditions, respectively). Subjects responded after each trial whether or not they thought the movement curved convex right. In a series of three experiments, we tested the effects of modifying visual feedback of hand position to suppress curvature, isotonic muscle activation, and a distracter task on subjects ability to ...