Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Machine Learning

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 414

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Improvement Of Key Financial Performance Indicators In The Insurance Industry Using Machine Learning – A Quantitative Analysis, Vineeth Jeppu Jan 2023

Improvement Of Key Financial Performance Indicators In The Insurance Industry Using Machine Learning – A Quantitative Analysis, Vineeth Jeppu

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

AI and Machine learning are playing a vital role in the financial domain in predicting future growth and risk and identifying key performance areas. We look at how machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) directly or indirectly alter financial management in the banking and insurance industries. First, a non-technical review of the prior machine learning and AI methodologies beneficial to KPI management is provided. This paper will analyze and improve key financial performance indicators in insurance using machine learning (ML) algorithms. Before applying an ML algorithm, we must determine the attributes directly impacting the business and target attributes. The details …


Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick Jan 2023

Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This research applies machine learning methods to build predictive models of Net Load Imbalance for the Resource Sufficiency Flexible Ramping Requirement in the Western Energy Imbalance Market. Several methods are used in this research, including Reconstructability Analysis, developed in the systems community, and more well-known methods such as Bayesian Networks, Support Vector Regression, and Neural Networks. The aims of the research are to identify predictive variables and obtain a new stand-alone model that improves prediction accuracy and reduces the INC (ability to increase generation) and DEC (ability to decrease generation) Resource Sufficiency Requirements for Western Energy Imbalance Market participants. This …


Integrated Machine Learning And Optimization Approaches, Dogacan Yilmaz Dec 2022

Integrated Machine Learning And Optimization Approaches, Dogacan Yilmaz

Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the integration of machine learning and optimization. Specifically, novel machine learning-based frameworks are proposed to help solve a broad range of well-known operations research problems to reduce the solution times. The first study presents a bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory framework to learn optimal solutions to sequential decision-making problems. Computational results show that the framework significantly reduces the solution time of benchmark capacitated lot-sizing problems without much loss in feasibility and optimality. Also, models trained using shorter planning horizons can successfully predict the optimal solution of the instances with longer planning horizons. For the hardest data set, …


Investigating Applications Of Deep Learning For Diagnosis Of Post Traumatic Elbow Disease, Hugh James Dec 2022

Investigating Applications Of Deep Learning For Diagnosis Of Post Traumatic Elbow Disease, Hugh James

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Traumatic events such as dislocation, breaks, and arthritis of musculoskeletal joints can cause the development of post-traumatic joint contracture (PTJC). Clinically, noninvasive techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans are used to analyze the disease. Such procedures require a patient to sit sedentary for long periods of time and can be expensive as well. Additionally, years of practice and experience are required for clinicians to accurately recognize the diseased anterior capsule region and make an accurate diagnosis. Manual tracing of the anterior capsule is done to help with diagnosis but is subjective and timely. As a result, there is …


A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed Dec 2022

A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people around the world today. Diagnosis for various forms of heart disease can be detected with numerous medical tests, however, predicting heart disease without such tests is very difficult. Machine learning can help process medical big data and provide hidden knowledge which otherwise would not be possible with the naked eye. The aim of this project is to explore how machine learning algorithms can be used in predicting heart disease by building an optimized model. The research questions are; 1) What Machine learning algorithms are used in the diagnosis of heart …


Learnfca: A Fuzzy Fca And Probability Based Approach For Learning And Classification, Suraj Ketan Samal Dec 2022

Learnfca: A Fuzzy Fca And Probability Based Approach For Learning And Classification, Suraj Ketan Samal

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Formal concept analysis(FCA) is a mathematical theory based on lattice and order theory used for data analysis and knowledge representation. Over the past several years, many of its extensions have been proposed and applied in several domains including data mining, machine learning, knowledge management, semantic web, software development, chemistry ,biology, medicine, data analytics, biology and ontology engineering.

This thesis reviews the state-of-the-art of theory of Formal Concept Analysis(FCA) and its various extensions that have been developed and well-studied in the past several years. We discuss their historical roots, reproduce the original definitions and derivations with illustrative examples. Further, we provide …


Prediction Of Meltpool Depth In Laser Powder Bed Fusion Using In-Process Sensor Data, Part-Level Thermal Simulations, And Machine Learning, Grant King Dec 2022

Prediction Of Meltpool Depth In Laser Powder Bed Fusion Using In-Process Sensor Data, Part-Level Thermal Simulations, And Machine Learning, Grant King

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The goal of this thesis is the prevention of flaw formation in laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing process. As a step towards this goal, the objective of this work is to predict meltpool depth as a function of in-process sensor data, part-level thermal simulations, and machine learning. As motivated in NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center specification 3716, prediction of meltpool depth is important because: (1) it can serve as a surrogate to estimate process status without the need for expensive post-process characterization, and (2) the meltpool depth provides an avenue for rapid qualification of microstructure evolution. To achieve the …


Data From: Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick Dec 2022

Data From: Machine Learning Predictions Of Electricity Capacity, Marcus Harris, Elizabeth Kirby, Ameeta Agrawal, Rhitabrat Pokharel, Francis Puyleart, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Datasets

This research applies machine learning methods to build predictive models of Net Load Imbalance for the Resource Sufficiency Flexible Ramping Requirement in the Western Energy Imbalance Market. Several methods are used in this research, including Reconstructability Analysis, developed in the systems community, and more well-known methods such as Bayesian Networks, Support Vector Regression, and Neural Networks. The aims of the research are to identify predictive variables and obtain a new stand-alone model that improves prediction accuracy and reduces the INC (ability to increase generation) and DEC (ability to decrease generation) Resource Sufficiency Requirements for Western Energy Imbalance Market participants. This …


Lung Cancer Type Classification, Mohit Ramajibhai Ankoliya Dec 2022

Lung Cancer Type Classification, Mohit Ramajibhai Ankoliya

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Lung cancer is the third most common cancer in the U.S. This research focuses on classifying lung cancer cells based on their tumor cell, shape, and biological traits in images automatically obtained by passing through the

convolutional layers. Additionally, I classify whether the lung cell is adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or normal cell carcinoma. The benefit of this classification is an accurate prognosis, leading to patients receiving proper therapy. The Lung Cancer CT(Computed Tomography) image dataset from Kaggle has been drawn with 1000 CT images of various types of lung cancer. Two state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks (CNNs) …


Performance Based Design And Machine Learning In Structural Fire Engineering: A Case For Masonry, Deanna Craig Dec 2022

Performance Based Design And Machine Learning In Structural Fire Engineering: A Case For Masonry, Deanna Craig

All Theses

The volatile and extreme nature of fire makes structural fire engineering unique in that the load actions dictating design are intense but not geographically or seasonally bound. Simply, fire can break out anywhere, at any time, and for any number of reasons. Despite the apparent need, fire design of structures still relies on expensive fire tests, complex finite element simulations, and outdated procedures with little room for innovation. This thesis will make a case for adopting the principles of performance-based design and machine learning in structural fire engineering to simplify the process and promote the consideration of fire in all …


Design Of Environment Aware Planning Heuristics For Complex Navigation Objectives, Carter D. Bailey Dec 2022

Design Of Environment Aware Planning Heuristics For Complex Navigation Objectives, Carter D. Bailey

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A heuristic is the simplified approximations that helps guide a planner in deducing the best way to move forward. Heuristics are valued in many modern AI algorithms and decision-making architectures due to their ability to drastically reduce computation time. Particularly in robotics, path planning heuristics are widely leveraged to aid in navigation and exploration. As the robotic platform explores and navigates, information about the world can and should be used to augment and update the heuristic to guide solutions. Complex heuristics that can account for environmental factors, robot capabilities, and desired actions provide optimal results with little wasted exploration, but …


Artificial Intelligence And Applications, Sanjay Singh Dr. Nov 2022

Artificial Intelligence And Applications, Sanjay Singh Dr.

Technical Collection

I work in the broad areas of computational intelligence, artificial intelligence, neural networks, machine learning, deep learning, game theory, mathematical logic, and natural language processing. I am also actively working in the area of algorithmic fairness and explainable AI (XAI). Currently, we are developing neuro-symbolic logic learning systems for common sense reasoning, which aims to augment the existing conventional artificial intelligence, which is logically based. The neuro-symbolic logic-based systems will provide more accurate results than their GOAI (Good Old Artificial Intelligence) version. We are also working on the area of abstractive summarization methods. We intend to develop an efficient abstractive …


Machine Learning To Predict Warhead Fragmentation In-Flight Behavior From Static Data, Katharine Larsen Oct 2022

Machine Learning To Predict Warhead Fragmentation In-Flight Behavior From Static Data, Katharine Larsen

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Accurate characterization of fragment fly-out properties from high-speed warhead detonations is essential for estimation of collateral damage and lethality for a given weapon. Real warhead dynamic detonation tests are rare, costly, and often unrealizable with current technology, leaving fragmentation experiments limited to static arena tests and numerical simulations. Stereoscopic imaging techniques can now provide static arena tests with time-dependent tracks of individual fragments, each with characteristics such as fragment IDs and their respective position vector. Simulation methods can account for the dynamic case but can exclude relevant dynamics experienced in real-life warhead detonations. This research leverages machine learning methodologies to …


Optimized And Automated Machine Learning Techniques Towards Iot Data Analytics And Cybersecurity, Li Yang Aug 2022

Optimized And Automated Machine Learning Techniques Towards Iot Data Analytics And Cybersecurity, Li Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems have emerged as a prevalent technology in our daily lives. With the wide spread of sensors and smart devices in recent years, the data generation volume and speed of IoT systems have increased dramatically. In most IoT systems, massive volumes of data must be processed, transformed, and analyzed on a frequent basis to enable various IoT services and functionalities. Machine Learning (ML) approaches have shown their capacity for IoT data analytics. However, applying ML models to IoT data analytics tasks still faces many difficulties and challenges. The first challenge is to process large amounts of dynamic …


Data Preprocessing For Machine Learning Modules, Rawan El Moghrabi Aug 2022

Data Preprocessing For Machine Learning Modules, Rawan El Moghrabi

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Data preprocessing is an essential step when building machine learning solutions. It significantly impacts the success of machine learning modules and the output of these algorithms. Typically, data preprocessing is made-up of data sanitization, feature engineering, normalization, and transformation. This paper outlines the data preprocessing methodology implemented for a data-driven predictive maintenance solution. The above-mentioned project entails acquiring historical electrical data from industrial assets and creating a health index indicating each asset's remaining useful life. This solution is built using machine learning algorithms and requires several data processing steps to increase the solution's accuracy and efficiency. In this project, the …


Machine Learning Applications In Plant Identification, Wireless Channel Estimation, And Gain Estimation For Multi-User Software-Defined Radio, Viraj K. Gajjar Aug 2022

Machine Learning Applications In Plant Identification, Wireless Channel Estimation, And Gain Estimation For Multi-User Software-Defined Radio, Viraj K. Gajjar

Doctoral Dissertations

"This work applies machine learning (ML) techniques to selected computer vision and digital communication problems. Machine learning algorithms can be trained to perform a specific task without explicit programming. This research applies ML to the problems of: plant identification from images of leaves, channel state information (CSI) estimation for wireless multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems, and gain estimation for a multi-user software-defined radio (SDR) application.

In the first task, two methods for plant species identification from leaf images are developed. One of the methods uses hand-crafted features extracted from leaf images to train a support vector machine classifier. The other method combines …


Development Of Flood Prediction Models Using Machine Learning Techniques, Bhanu Kanwar Aug 2022

Development Of Flood Prediction Models Using Machine Learning Techniques, Bhanu Kanwar

Doctoral Dissertations

"Flooding and flash flooding events damage infrastructure elements and pose a significant threat to the safety of the people residing in susceptible regions. There are some methods that government authorities rely on to assist in predicting these events in advance to provide warning, but such methodologies have not kept pace with modern machine learning. To leverage these algorithms, new models must be developed to efficiently capture the relationships among the variables that influence these events in a given region. These models can be used by emergency management personnel to develop more robust flood management plans for susceptible areas. The research …


Algorithm Optimization And Hardware Acceleration For Machine Learning Applications On Low-Energy Systems, Jianchi Sun Aug 2022

Algorithm Optimization And Hardware Acceleration For Machine Learning Applications On Low-Energy Systems, Jianchi Sun

All Dissertations

Machine learning (ML) has been extensively employed for strategy optimization, decision making, data classification, etc. While ML shows great triumph in its application field, the increasing complexity of the learning models introduces neoteric challenges to the ML system designs. On the one hand, the applications of ML on resource-restricted terminals, like mobile computing and IoT devices, are prevented by the high computational complexity and memory requirement. On the other hand, the massive parameter quantity for the modern ML models appends extra demands on the system's I/O speed and memory size. This dissertation investigates feasible solutions for those challenges with software-hardware …


Application Of Deep Learning For Medical Sciences And Epidemiology Data Analysis And Diagnostic Modeling, Somenath Chakraborty Jul 2022

Application Of Deep Learning For Medical Sciences And Epidemiology Data Analysis And Diagnostic Modeling, Somenath Chakraborty

Dissertations

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence have made significant progress concurrent with new advancements in hardware and software technologies. Deep learning methods heavily utilize parallel computing and Graphical Processing Units(GPU). It is already used in many applications ranging from image classification, object detection, segmentation, cyber security problems and others. Deep Learning is emerging as a viable choice in dealing with today’s real-time medical problems. We need new methods and technologies in the field of Medical Science and Epidemiology for detecting and diagnosing emerging threats from new viruses such as COVID-19. The use of Artificial Intelligence in these domains is becoming more …


Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa Jul 2022

Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Radioactive sources, such as uranium-235, are nuclides that emit ionizing radiation, and which can be used to build nuclear weapons. In public areas, the presence of a radioactive nuclide can present a risk to the population, and therefore, it is imperative that threats are identified by radiological search and response teams in a timely and effective manner. In urban environments, such as densely populated cities, radioactive sources may be more difficult to detect, since background radiation produced by surrounding objects and structures (e.g., buildings, cars) can hinder the effective detection of unnatural radioactive material. This article presents a computational model …


Load-Adjusted Prediction For Proactive Resource Management And Video Server Demand Profiling, Obinna Izima, Ruairí De Fréin Jul 2022

Load-Adjusted Prediction For Proactive Resource Management And Video Server Demand Profiling, Obinna Izima, Ruairí De Fréin

Articles

To lower costs associated with providing cloud resources, a network manager would like to estimate how busy the servers will be in the near future. This is a necessary input in deciding whether to scale up or down computing requirements. We formulate the problem of estimating cloud computational requirements as an integrated framework comprising of a learning and an action stage. In the learning stage, we use Machine Learning (ML) models to predict the video Quality of Delivery (QoD) metric for cloud-hosted servers and use the knowledge gained from the process to make resource management decisions during the action stage. …


Detection Of Rotorcraft Landing Sites: An Ai-Based Approach, Abdullah Nasir Jul 2022

Detection Of Rotorcraft Landing Sites: An Ai-Based Approach, Abdullah Nasir

Theses and Dissertations

The updated information about the location and type of rotorcraft landing sites is an essential asset for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT). However, acquiring, verifying, and regularly updating information about landing sites is not straightforward. The lack of current and correct information about landing sites is a risk factor in several rotorcraft accidents and incidents. The current FAA database of rotorcraft landing sites contains inaccurate and missing entries due to the manual updating process. There is a need for an accurate and automated validation tool to identify landing sites from satellite imagery. This thesis …


Experimenting An Edge-Cloud Computing Model On The Gpulab Fed4fire Testbed, Vikas Tomer, Sachin Sharma Jul 2022

Experimenting An Edge-Cloud Computing Model On The Gpulab Fed4fire Testbed, Vikas Tomer, Sachin Sharma

Conference papers

There are various open testbeds available for testing algorithms and prototypes, including the Fed4Fire testbeds. This demo paper illustrates how the GPULAB Fed4Fire testbed can be used to test an edge-cloud model that employs an ensemble machine learning algorithm for detecting attacks on the Internet of Things (IoT). We compare experimentation times and other performance metrics of our model based on different characteristics of the testbed, such as GPU model, CPU speed, and memory. Our goal is to demonstrate how an edge-computing model can be run on the GPULab testbed. Results indicate that this use case can be deployed seamlessly …


Development Of Software Tools For Efficient And Sustainable Process Development And Improvement, Jake P. Stengel Jun 2022

Development Of Software Tools For Efficient And Sustainable Process Development And Improvement, Jake P. Stengel

Theses and Dissertations

Infrastructure is a key component in the well-being of our society that leads to its growth, development, and productive operations. A well-built infrastructure allows the community to be more competitive and promotes economic advancement. In 2021, the ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) ranked the American infrastructure as substandard, with an overall grade of C-. The overall ranking suffers when key infrastructure categories are not maintained according to the needs of the population. Therefore, there is a need to consider alternative methods to improve our infrastructure and make it more sustainable to enhance the overall grade. One of the challenges …


Measuring Accessibility To Food Services To Improve Public Health, Efthymia Kostopoulou Jun 2022

Measuring Accessibility To Food Services To Improve Public Health, Efthymia Kostopoulou

Masters Theses

Food accessibility has lately been of primary interest given its impact on public health outcomes. This thesis illustrates the gaps in food access by applying spatial analysis in Massachusetts accounting for a variety of demographic and socioeconomic factors. The number of grocery stores, farmers markets, and convenience stores within 1/4 and 1 mile of the Census tracts’ centroids are the two accessibility metrics used in the spatial analysis. In addition, a regression model is developed using the Gradient Boosting machine learning method to show the relationship between the socioeconomic factors and the number of grocery stores within 1 mile of …


التنبؤ بأداء الطلاب بناء على ملف الطالب الأكاديمي, Hadi Khalilia, Thaer Sammar, Yazeed Sleet Jun 2022

التنبؤ بأداء الطلاب بناء على ملف الطالب الأكاديمي, Hadi Khalilia, Thaer Sammar, Yazeed Sleet

Palestine Technical University Research Journal

Data mining is an important field; it has been widely used in different domains. Oneof the fields that make use of data mining is Educational Data Mining. In this study, we apply machine learning models on data obtained from Palestine Technical University-Kadoorie (PTUK) in Tulkarm for students in the department of computer engineering and applied computing. Students in both fields study the same major courses; C++ and Java. Therefore, we focused on these courses to predict student’s performance. The goal of our study is predicting students’ performance measured by (GPA) in the major. There are many techniques that are used …


Measuring Skiing Speed – Possibilities Of Machine Learning, Patrick Carqueville, Aljoscha Hermann, Veit Senner Jun 2022

Measuring Skiing Speed – Possibilities Of Machine Learning, Patrick Carqueville, Aljoscha Hermann, Veit Senner

International Sports Engineering Association – Engineering of Sport

No abstract provided.


Total Sky Imager Project, Ryan D. Maier, Benjamin Jack Forest, Kyle X. Mcgrath Jun 2022

Total Sky Imager Project, Ryan D. Maier, Benjamin Jack Forest, Kyle X. Mcgrath

Mechanical Engineering

Solar farms like the Gold Tree Solar Farm at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo have difficulty delivering a consistent level of power output. Cloudy days can trigger a significant drop in the utility of a farm’s solar panels, and an unexpected loss of power from the farm could potentially unbalance the electrical grid. Being able to predict these power output drops in advance could provide valuable time to prepare a grid and keep it stable. Furthermore, with modern data analysis methods such as machine learning, these predictions are becoming more and more accurate – given a sufficient data set. The …


Happiness And Policy Implications: A Sociological View, Sarah M. Kahl Jun 2022

Happiness And Policy Implications: A Sociological View, Sarah M. Kahl

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The World Happiness Report is released every year, ranking each country by who is “happier” and explaining the variables and data they have used. This project attempts to build from that base and create a machine learning algorithm that can predict if a country will be in a “happy” or “could be happier” category. Findings show that taking a broader scope of variables can better help predict happiness. Policy implications are discussed in using both big data and considering social indicators to make better and lasting policies.


Improving Relation Extraction From Unstructured Genealogical Texts Using Fine-Tuned Transformers, Carloangello Parrolivelli Jun 2022

Improving Relation Extraction From Unstructured Genealogical Texts Using Fine-Tuned Transformers, Carloangello Parrolivelli

Master's Theses

Though exploring one’s family lineage through genealogical family trees can be insightful to developing one’s identity, this knowledge is typically held behind closed doors by private companies or require expensive technologies, such as DNA testing, to uncover. With the ever-booming explosion of data on the world wide web, many unstructured text documents, both old and new, are being discovered, written, and processed which contain rich genealogical information. With access to this immense amount of data, however, entails a costly process whereby people, typically volunteers, have to read large amounts of text to find relationships between people. This delays having genealogical …