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Early Childhood Education Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

School Choice And Hope Interrupted: Covid-19 And The Case Of Pre-K Programs Housed In Catholic Schools, Stephen Kotok, Catherine Dimartino, Ceceilia Parnther, Mary Ellen Freeley Sep 2020

School Choice And Hope Interrupted: Covid-19 And The Case Of Pre-K Programs Housed In Catholic Schools, Stephen Kotok, Catherine Dimartino, Ceceilia Parnther, Mary Ellen Freeley

COVID-19 and Catholic Schools

Our essay examines the challenges and opportunities for the New York City Universal Pre-K program in Catholic Schools. We review the impact of the program before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. These Pre-K programs have brought much needed revenue for Catholic Schools and provide a pipeline for prospective Catholic K-12 school students. Specifically, we discuss the school choice context in New York City with attention to the Catholic school sector and how Universal Pre-K fits into it. We then make recommendations on how the Archdiocese of New York and the Diocese of Brooklyn can utilize their resources, maintain enrollment, and ...


Reorienting Nurturing Care For Early Childhood Development During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Kenya: A Review, Constance Shumba, Rose Maina, Gladys Mbuthia, Rachel Kimani, Stella Mbugua, Sweta Shah, Amina Abubakar, Stanley Luchters, Sheila Shaibu, Eunice Ndirangu Sep 2020

Reorienting Nurturing Care For Early Childhood Development During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Kenya: A Review, Constance Shumba, Rose Maina, Gladys Mbuthia, Rachel Kimani, Stella Mbugua, Sweta Shah, Amina Abubakar, Stanley Luchters, Sheila Shaibu, Eunice Ndirangu

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

In Kenya, millions of children have limited access to nurturing care. With the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it is anticipated that vulnerable children will bear the biggest brunt of the direct and indirect impacts of the pandemic. This review aimed to deepen understanding of the effects of COVID-19 on nurturing care from conception to four years of age, a period where the care of children is often delivered through caregivers or other informal platforms. The review has drawn upon the empirical evidence from previous pandemics and epidemics, and anecdotal and emerging evidence from the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. Multifactorial impacts ...


Eece 702 Social Foundations Of Early Childhood Education, Andrew Aprile Aug 2020

Eece 702 Social Foundations Of Early Childhood Education, Andrew Aprile

Open Educational Resources

This course is an introduction to the social, historical, and philosophical foundations of early childhood education in the United States. Through critical analysis of required reading, class discussion, and writing, we will explore how the dynamics of schooling relate to larger social, cultural, economic, political and historical forces. Using a sociocultural lens, this course will investigate the ways that social class, race, gender, family, community, language, ability, ethnicity, immigration, and sexuality intersect and impact schools, student outcomes, and policies surrounding early childhood and childhood education. This course places emphasis on the separate and combined effects of race and class within ...


Lessons Learned About Ecids Teams: Infrastructure And Composition, Missy Coffey, Jenna Nguyen Jul 2020

Lessons Learned About Ecids Teams: Infrastructure And Composition, Missy Coffey, Jenna Nguyen

ECDataWorks

As a state embarks on the process of planning for an Early Childhood Integrated Data System (ECIDS), it is important to understand the composition and infrastructure of a typical ECIDS project team to ensure successful implementation of the data system. The purpose of this brief is to outline leadership, implementation, and planning roles and responsibilities of an ECIDS project team and share lessons learned from states that have been effective at operationalizing their ECIDS.


Prevalence Of Autism/Asd Among Preschool And School-Age Children In Norway, Kamil Özerk, Donald N. Cardinal Jul 2020

Prevalence Of Autism/Asd Among Preschool And School-Age Children In Norway, Kamil Özerk, Donald N. Cardinal

Education Faculty Articles and Research

In recent years, there has been a considerable rise in prevalence rates for autism/autism spectrum disorders (ASD) around the globe. Understanding the patterns of prevalence is essential for policy development at national and local levels that effectively plans for medical, psychological, behavior analytical, and educational interventions. This study presents new data on the prevalence of ASD among preschool and school-age children (ages 1–16 years) in Norway. Based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) criteria for diagnosis, the rate of ASD increased from 2014 to 2016. The study found a much higher increase in prevalence rate among preschool-age ...


The Effects Of Teacher-Made Books On Preschoolers Choosing The Book Area, Vanessa Gilbert Jul 2020

The Effects Of Teacher-Made Books On Preschoolers Choosing The Book Area, Vanessa Gilbert

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine the effect of teacher-made books on preschoolers choosing the book area during free choice time. The research setting was an ECEAP classroom in a rural public school in Eastern Washington. The participants included 11 three and four-year-old students in an inclusive preschool program. Quantitative data compared student behaviors in the book area collected through video observation during pre- and post-intervention times. The study found adding teacher-made books, which included photographs of the students, to the book area had a positive impact on children choosing the book area during free choice ...


Effective Methods Of Alphabet Instruction For Preschool, Kelsey Throne Jul 2020

Effective Methods Of Alphabet Instruction For Preschool, Kelsey Throne

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

When children complete preschool with strong alphabet knowledge, there is a higher likelihood that they will read at a level of proficiency or above by third grade. Third-grade reading proficiency is highly predictive of school success factors, including continued reading fluency and high school graduation rates. This literature review compares two different teaching strategies to determine the most effective way to teach the alphabet to preschool students. When considering the pace in which the alphabet is taught, some classrooms teach a letter a week whereas other classrooms teach one letter a day. Multiple studies were analyzed to determine the best ...


Effectiveness Of Number Sense Instruction And Memorization Of Math Facts, Katie Barnes Jul 2020

Effectiveness Of Number Sense Instruction And Memorization Of Math Facts, Katie Barnes

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Math instruction is taught using a variety of methods and strategies. This literature review compares two strategies of math instruction: the instruction of number sense versus the process of memorizing math facts for students. The literature review identifies various math strategies for both number sense instruction and memorization of math facts. This literature review synthesizes studies published in scholarly journals on the topics of number sense, memorizing math facts, timed tests, math anxiety, and teacher perspectives. Studies from this review reveal that number sense instruction is beneficial for student learning to build the foundation for future mathematical knowledge before the ...


Play-Based Early Childhood Curriculum And Early Literacy Success Link, Kristi Clark Jul 2020

Play-Based Early Childhood Curriculum And Early Literacy Success Link, Kristi Clark

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review synthesizes research on how play-based learning and early-literacy success are linked. The review shows changes in early childhood education in the 20th Century and how play-based curriculums have affected children’s early literacy success. This literature review cites past studies carried out by influential early childhood theorists. Publish research on this topic reveals strong evidence that children’s literacy is developed through play, particularly when guided and teacher-directed play experiences connect to early literacy in a positive manner.


The Effect Of Social Emotional Skill Instruction On Cognitive Development, La'toria Horan Jul 2020

The Effect Of Social Emotional Skill Instruction On Cognitive Development, La'toria Horan

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this literature review is to gather evidence on the effect of teaching social emotional skills on the cognitive development of young children. Social emotional skills are skills that people use to interact with others, manage their emotion and address social situations. Teachers use social emotional learning (SEL) programs to directly and indirectly to address social skills acquisitions in the classroom. This review of the research shares the results of studies about the variety of methods available to teach children social skills and the benefits of mastering those skills. The wide-spread financial commitment by schools for SEL programs ...


Children Living With Trauma, Maggie Boyd Jul 2020

Children Living With Trauma, Maggie Boyd

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

There are many experiences that can happen to children that may lead to trauma. This literature review uses scholarly articles and journals, as well as books, to explore the impact trauma has on children. The research shows that there are many factors that may influence a child’s life and cause a child trauma. Trauma has a significant impact on the wiring of a child’s brain. As a result of the wiring, or lack of wiring due to trauma, children will show deficits in physical, social emotional and cognitive skills. Many times trauma can be misunderstood and diagnosed as ...


The Importance Of Trauma-Informed Practices In Schools, Heather French Jul 2020

The Importance Of Trauma-Informed Practices In Schools, Heather French

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Students who have been exposed to trauma may face social/emotional, behavioral, or cognitive developmental delays, poor health, problems in school, and mental health issues. These effects may last into adulthood. The intent of a trauma-informed school approach is to break the cycle of trauma by identifying trauma in students, providing support and interventions to help students cope and heal, and helping prevent future trauma. In order to meet these standards, schools need to collaborate with families and mental health professionals. Teachers need the proper training in trauma recognition to be able to provide an environment for all students to ...


Movement To Enhance Learning And On-Task Behavior In Early Childhood Classrooms, Angela James Jul 2020

Movement To Enhance Learning And On-Task Behavior In Early Childhood Classrooms, Angela James

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this literature review was to examine the impact of movement on learning and behavior. The literature provides numerous studies that reveal effects of movement on student achievement and on-task behavior of young children. As educators strive to keep students engaged and on-task, research shows that movement opportunities are a strategy to be utilized. Physical activity can benefit self-regulation and academic performance. Strategies for using movement in the classroom are given to support teachers.


Appropriate Risk With Two And Three Year Olds, Heather Bruno Jul 2020

Appropriate Risk With Two And Three Year Olds, Heather Bruno

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The focus of this school improvement plan was to explore existing research and data on the benefits and concerns present when allowing young children to play with toys and natural items in the outdoor environment that expose them to more risk. Based on that information, a plan was made to thoughtfully add some appropriate risky play elements to the outdoor playground at the Iowa State Child Development Laboratory School over the duration of one school year. By adding these elements, opportunities for growth of large motor skills and overall learning and development may occur. To assess growth, two assessment tools ...


The Effects Of Technology In Early Childhood, Krista Werling Jul 2020

The Effects Of Technology In Early Childhood, Krista Werling

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review examines the effects of technology in early childhood. This literature review uses scholarly journals and articles to show the advantages and disadvantages of technology in early childhood. The research examines how technology can impact a child's development in the areas of (a) social emotional, (b) physical, (c) cognitive, (d) language, (e) mathematics, and (f) literacy skills. The advantages and disadvantages of technology will be reviewed in each of these early childhood developmental areas. Parents and teachers must be aware of screen time guidelines. Recommendations from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and ...


Mccleary V. State And The Washington State Supreme Court's Retention Of Jurisdiction—A Success Story For Washington Public Schools?, Jessica R. Burns Jul 2020

Mccleary V. State And The Washington State Supreme Court's Retention Of Jurisdiction—A Success Story For Washington Public Schools?, Jessica R. Burns

Seattle University Law Review SUpra

No abstract provided.


Science In The Early Years. Paper 2: Science Inquiry Skills, Gayl O'Connor, Christine Rosicka Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years. Paper 2: Science Inquiry Skills, Gayl O'Connor, Christine Rosicka

Early Childhood Education

This is the second paper in the Science in the early years series that reviews current research into science learning and monitoring in the early years. The aim of this series is to provide early years educators with an insight into current research; highlight how research findings relate to children’s science learning; look at the current understandings about early years science monitoring; and provide examples of how early years educators can incorporate this research into their practices. This series defines ‘early years’ as the two years prior to school and the first three years of primary school, which in ...


Science In The Early Years: Exploring Mixtures. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Exploring Mixtures. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This activity is suitable for preschoolers to investigate the behaviour of two common household products (oil and water). The emphasis is on supporting children to develop their inquiry skills to describe what they observe when trying to mix these liquids. Preschoolers should be given the opportunity to communicate (describe and explain) their observations. The activity can be extended to Foundation, Year 1 and Year 2 students who should be encouraged to predict what will happen, communicate (explain) why some of the liquids used do not mix, as well as to describe the changes they observe when mixing materials. All children ...


Science In The Early Years. Paper 1: Early Years Science And Integration, Christine Rosicka, Gayl O'Connor Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years. Paper 1: Early Years Science And Integration, Christine Rosicka, Gayl O'Connor

Early Childhood Education

This is the first paper in the Science in the early years series that reviews current research into science learning and monitoring in the early years. The aim of this series is to provide early years educators with an insight into current research; highlight how research findings relate to children’s science learning; look at the current understandings about early years science monitoring; and provide examples of how early years educators can incorporate this research into their practices. This series defines ‘early years’ as the two years prior to school and the first three years of primary school, which in ...


Science In The Early Years. Paper 3: Monitoring Children's Learning, Christine Rosicka, Gayl O'Connor Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years. Paper 3: Monitoring Children's Learning, Christine Rosicka, Gayl O'Connor

Early Childhood Education

This third paper in the Science in the Early Years series continues to review current research into science learning and monitoring in the early years. The aim of this series is to provide early years educators with an insight into current research; highlight how research findings relate to children’s science learning; look at the current understandings about monitoring early years science learning; and provide examples of how early years educators can incorporate this research into their practices. This series defines ‘early years’ as the two years prior to school and the first three years of primary school, which in ...


Science In The Early Years. Paper 4: Educator Facilitation, Gayl O'Connor, Christine Rosicka Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years. Paper 4: Educator Facilitation, Gayl O'Connor, Christine Rosicka

Early Childhood Education

This fourth paper in the Science in the Early Years series concludes the review of current research into science learning and monitoring in the early years. The aim of this series is to provide early years educators with an insight into current research; highlight how research findings relate to children’s science learning; look at the current understandings about early years science; and provide examples of how early years educators can incorporate this research into their practices. This series defines ‘early years’ as the two years prior to school and the first three years of primary school, which in Australia ...


Science In The Early Years: Monitoring Science Understandings: Checklists For Ac Foundation – Year 2, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Monitoring Science Understandings: Checklists For Ac Foundation – Year 2, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This resource consists of templates of checklists for teachers of Years F to 2. They are tailored to the Australian Curriculum (AC) F–2 learning outcomes and they are to help record evidence of children’s science learning and to monitor this across time. The checklists have been populated with the AC strands (Science Understanding, Science Inquiry Skills, and Science as a Human Endeavour) and outcomes identified for the four teacher resources accompanying Paper 1: Early years science and integration: Plant treasure hunt, Floating and sinking; Paper 2: Science inquiry skills: Light and shadows, Exploring mixtures.


Science In The Early Years: Monitoring Science Understandings. Checklists For Eylf Outcomes, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Monitoring Science Understandings. Checklists For Eylf Outcomes, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This resource consists of templates of checklists for early years educators, tailored to Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) learning outcomes. They are to help record evidence of children’s science learning and to monitor this across time. The checklists have been populated with the EYLF outcomes identified for the four educator resources accompanying Paper 1: Early years science and integration: Plant treasure hunt; Floating and sinking; and Paper 2: Science inquiry skills: Light and shadows, Exploring mixtures.


Science In The Early Years: Plant Treasure Hunt. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Plant Treasure Hunt. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This educator resource describes an activity which encourages children to explore ideas about plants in an outdoor environment. They build on their understanding of what a plant is by drawing one and then go outdoors to find examples of plants (a ‘treasure hunt’). This activity allows children to learn about different examples of plants other than flowers, or plants that are grown in a pot. Children often discount other examples of plants such as trees, grass and vegetables. The activity is linked to the Australian Curriculum (Foundation to Year 2) and provides teacher notes about the scientific classification of plants.


Science In The Early Years: Light And Shadows. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Light And Shadows. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This educational resource for early years teachers describes an activity best suited to children in Foundation to Year 2 (F–2) as it addresses the Year 1 Science Understandings outcome as well as addressing Science Inquiry Skills outcomes for F–2. It is also suitable for preschoolers to help overcome common misconceptions about shadow formation. F–2 students should be encouraged to explain why shadows are formed as well as describe them. Preschoolers should be given the opportunity to describe and explain shadows too. This resource provides an explanation of how shadows are formed and guidelines about how to teach ...


Science In The Early Years: Floating And Sinking. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Floating And Sinking. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

This teaching resource for early years educators explores the scientific concepts behind floating and sinking. It describes an activity for small groups of children and explains how it links to the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) and the Australian Curriculum (Foundation to Year 2).


Science In The Early Years: Concept Cartoons As Monitoring Tools. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research Jun 2020

Science In The Early Years: Concept Cartoons As Monitoring Tools. Educator Resource, Australian Council For Educational Research

Early Childhood Education

Cartoons can be used as a way of monitoring children’s developing understanding of concepts (‘concept cartoons’). Cartoons provide a simple narrative in which two or more characters provide commentary or opinions about a phenomenon. The cartoon format is likely to be familiar to children, so is a non-threatening format to present and elicit their thoughts on the opinions provided by the characters. There are four concept cartoons in this resource. Each concept cartoon provides a monitoring tool for finding out how children’s understanding about science concepts is developing. Each cartoon is customised to one of the activities in ...


Learning Through Play Experience Tool: Guidelines For General Use Of The Learning Through Play Experience Tool, Lisa Van Beeck Jun 2020

Learning Through Play Experience Tool: Guidelines For General Use Of The Learning Through Play Experience Tool, Lisa Van Beeck

Monitoring Learning

The aim of the Learning through Play (LtP) Experience Tool is to see a play experience through the eyes of a child and use this to understand the texture of the child’s experience. The LtP Experience Tool is not designed to rate or evaluate the child. It is an observational tool used to collect data on a child’s play experience by empathising with a child and how they respond to the play experience. These guidelines provide an overview of the purpose of the LtP Experience Tool and how to use it to understand a child’s play experience ...


Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk May 2020

Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders learn how to plan, implement, and sustain school wellness programs on their own.

Objective: The present study evaluates the transdisciplinary approaches used in establishing an integrated research-practice partnership with the state-wide 4-H/Extension network to support broader dissemination.

Method: The study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the degree of engagement and ...


The Educational Needs Of Children Ages 0-5 Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Maine, Julia Casey May 2020

The Educational Needs Of Children Ages 0-5 Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In Maine, Julia Casey

Honors College

The goal of this study is to better understand the educational needs of children born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in Maine. This study will consider two questions. First, what is currently being done to help children born with NAS in Maine? To answer this question, I looked into previous studies that evaluate the needs of children born with prenatal drug exposure. I also looked into Maine’s Strategic Action Opioid Plan to determine what initiatives the state is taking towards helping these children. Second, what should Maine be doing to help the children born with NAS? To answer this ...