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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

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Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

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Articles 1 - 30 of 59

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Grammatical Gender Acquisition In L2 Spanish, Alanna Quinn, Mónica Cabrera May 2018

Grammatical Gender Acquisition In L2 Spanish, Alanna Quinn, Mónica Cabrera

Honors Thesis

Grammatical gender, identified as “one of the most difficult structures that non-native speakers need to acquire” (Alamry & Sabourin, 2017) does not exist in English. L1 English speakers learning L2 Spanish must acquire this new grammatical feature. This thesis investigates this acquisition.

A literature review synthesizes the findings of studies on L2 acquisition of Spanish grammatical gender, and includes an overview of the structure and function of gender within both English and Spanish, as well as a variety of L2 acquisition process hypotheses. An analysis of four introductory Spanish textbooks is offered regarding their presentation of grammatical gender. The findings of the literature review and textbook analysis inform the elaboration of pedagogical recommendations.

Four current hypotheses regarding L2 acquisition of grammatical gender are explained: Full Transfer/Full Access; Failed Functional Features; Morphological Underspecification; and Missing Surface Inflection. The textbook analysis reveals differences between the presentation of noun endings for each gender, their reference to the English gender system, and the connection between gender and number. Notable similarities between the four textbooks are the lack of: noun ending frequency statistics, explicit distinctions made between grammatical and natural gender and between sexual and non-sexual nouns, and activities requiring gender agreement between adjectives and non-sexual nouns.

The pedagogical strategies that arise from this study ...


Who Do You Say You Are: Relationships And Faith In Catholic Schools, Jennifer S. Maney, Carrie King, Thomas J. Kiely Oct 2017

Who Do You Say You Are: Relationships And Faith In Catholic Schools, Jennifer S. Maney, Carrie King, Thomas J. Kiely

Journal of Catholic Education

This study aimed to evaluate and articulate what makes Catholic schools special and effective by measuring culture and climate in five Catholic high schools and two Catholic elementary schools in a large metropolitan area in the Midwest United States. The seven schools represented a variety of student demographics, location, and size of school. Findings of this study included: the Catholic identity of schools must become an intentional aspect of the planning, orientation, training, and evaluation of the faculty and administration; faculty-student relationships are rarely measured regarding their effectiveness in bolstering academic achievement or Catholic mission effectiveness; cultural awareness and cultural ...


The Power Of Empathy: A Critical Narrative Inquiry Of Cultural Competencies In New Teachers, Marcus K. Hughes, Sr. Jul 2017

The Power Of Empathy: A Critical Narrative Inquiry Of Cultural Competencies In New Teachers, Marcus K. Hughes, Sr.

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

Given the large homogeneous workforce of predominately White, middle-class female K–12 educators combined with the rising population of diverse students in the United States and the disproportionate achievement gap of students of color compared to their White peers, I sought to discover how new millennial educators defined and used empathy to build their own cultural competencies as well as discover how these teachers used empathy to strengthen the teacherstudent relationships across cultural differences. Using the conceptual frameworks of Paulo Freire’s (1970) pedagogy and Wang et al.’s (2003) definition of ethno-cultural empathy, I conducted a critical narrative inquiry ...


Book Review: Reclaiming The Piazza: Catholic Education As A Cultural Project, Anthony Sabatino Mar 2017

Book Review: Reclaiming The Piazza: Catholic Education As A Cultural Project, Anthony Sabatino

Journal of Catholic Education

Review of Reclaiming the Piazza: Catholic Education as a Cultural Project (2014) by Ronnie Covery, Leonardo Franchi, and Raymond McCluskey


Making The Case For Exploratory World Language Instruction In Catholic Elementary Schools Through University Partnerships, Brigid M. Burke, Eric D. Howard Mar 2017

Making The Case For Exploratory World Language Instruction In Catholic Elementary Schools Through University Partnerships, Brigid M. Burke, Eric D. Howard

Journal of Catholic Education

As a result of a university partnership, elementary students at two midwest Catholic elementary schools have been provided with exploratory world language instruction (FLEX) from pre-service teachers. To investigate students’ attitudes and learning of Spanish, researchers interviewed second and fourth graders. The students’ parents and pre-service teachers answered open-ended questionnaires. The research questions for this qualitative study were: 1) How does exploratory world language instruction (FLEX) affect children’s attitudes about learning world languages and cultures? 2) How does exploratory world language instruction (FLEX) affect children’s learning of a world language? The results showed that students possessed positive attitudes ...


Latino Parents Of English Learners In Catholic Schools: Home Vs. School Based Educational Involvement, Elizabeth M. Vera, Amy Heineke, Andrea L. Carr, Daniel Camacho, Marla Susman Israel, Nancy Goldberger, Angela Clawson, Martin Hill Mar 2017

Latino Parents Of English Learners In Catholic Schools: Home Vs. School Based Educational Involvement, Elizabeth M. Vera, Amy Heineke, Andrea L. Carr, Daniel Camacho, Marla Susman Israel, Nancy Goldberger, Angela Clawson, Martin Hill

Journal of Catholic Education

The current study sought to expand the field's understanding of the educational involvement of Latino parents whose children were English Learners and attended Catholic schools. Specifically we attempted to identify factors that facilitate as well as prohibit involvement in two home-based types of educational involvement and two specific school-based types of educational involvement. In our sample of 329 Latino immigrant parents, their responses yielded a pattern of predictors that appear to be related to both home- and school-based participation. Namely, feeling that teachers are invested in one's child and feeling overwhelmed by other obligations appear as statistically significant ...


Ii International Colloquium On Languages, Cultures, Identity, In School And Society, International Colloquium Nov 2016

Ii International Colloquium On Languages, Cultures, Identity, In School And Society, International Colloquium

Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Languages, Cultures, Identity in School and Society

The influx of immigrants in countries worldwide, coupled with the challenges associated to the schooling of their children in host countries' schools, makes it more necessary than ever to broaden our knowledge of the linguistic, ethnic, and cultural realities derived from this phenomenon. This is the rationale for the present Colloquium, which revolves around the following topics:

  • Individual, school, and societal bilingualism/multilingualism-related issues
  • Multi/Transculturalism-related issues in families, schools, and society
  • Impact of bi/multilingualism on individuals' and societies' language, culture, and identity
  • Impact of multi/transculturalism on individuals' and societies' language, culture, and identity
  • Language ideologies, policies, and ...


For The Dreamers, Mariajose Gomez May 2016

For The Dreamers, Mariajose Gomez

First-Gen Voices: Creative and Critical Narratives on the First-Generation College Experience

"For the Dreamers" reflects the author's experience on a De Colores immersion trip to Casa de Migrantes in Mexico, Tijuana. This was Gomez's first time traveling out of the country, and the experience helped her realize that no human being should be considered “illegal” simply because of man-made barriers. The piece exposes the complex social dynamics that inform the experiences of both immigrants and citizens of the United States. The purpose of the poem is to challenge readers' views on immigration and highlight the role social constructs and stereotypes play in establishing preconceived ideas about immigrants. The author ...


The New Ecology Of Biliteracy In California: An Exploratory Study Of The Early Implementation Of The State Seal Of Biliteracy, Tanya Margarita Deleon Mar 2016

The New Ecology Of Biliteracy In California: An Exploratory Study Of The Early Implementation Of The State Seal Of Biliteracy, Tanya Margarita Deleon

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

Nearly 25,000 graduating high school students across California have earned state recognition for achieving proficiency in multiple languages in 2014. This exploratory, mixed-methods study investigated the early implementation of the State Seal of Biliteracy (SSB) in California. Sixty-two district personnel were surveyed, three SSB directors were interviewed, and a document review was conducted. Overall, the study revealed four themes that influence the implementation of the SSB at the district level: Intentional Creation of an Ecology of Biliteracy, Developing Notions for Biliteracy Scripts and Assessment, Privileging Sequential Biliteracy Development—Scarcity of Biliteracy Pathways, and Individual and Collective Agency for Biliteracy ...


Opening The Gates Of A Gate Program: A Mixed Methods Study Of Recruitment Processes And Retention Practices In One Multicultural Middle School, Marie Lynette Aldapa Mar 2016

Opening The Gates Of A Gate Program: A Mixed Methods Study Of Recruitment Processes And Retention Practices In One Multicultural Middle School, Marie Lynette Aldapa

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

The under-representation of racial minority students in Gifted and Talented Education (GATE)programs has been an issue with little to no resolution (Ford, 2002). These under-represented racial minority groups are experiencing the obstacles of discrimination. Ogbu’s (1987) observation offers a framework distinguishing minorities: voluntary and involuntary. Researchers report on the under-representation of “involuntary” minority groups (McBee, 2006).

Researchers have offered keys to opening the gates of GATE programs to bring about racial equity. Recruitment processes: alternative assessments and teacher referrals are available to identify minority GATE students (Elhoweris, Mutua, Alsheikh, & Holloway, 2005). Retention practices: racial diversity of gate teachers ...


Latino Civil Rights In Education: La Lucha Sigue, Kortney Hernandez Jan 2016

Latino Civil Rights In Education: La Lucha Sigue, Kortney Hernandez

Journal of Catholic Education

Review of Latino Civil Rights in Education: La Lucha Sigue


Latinos And Education: A Critical Reader, Eduardo F. Lopez Jan 2016

Latinos And Education: A Critical Reader, Eduardo F. Lopez

Journal of Catholic Education

A review of Latinos and Education: A Critical Reader


Latino Catholicism: Transformation In America’S Largest Church, Andre P. Audette Jan 2016

Latino Catholicism: Transformation In America’S Largest Church, Andre P. Audette

Journal of Catholic Education

A review of Latino Catholicism: Transformation in America’s Largest Church


The Shared Parish: Latinos, Anglos, And The Future Of U.S. Catholicism, Timothy Matovina Jan 2016

The Shared Parish: Latinos, Anglos, And The Future Of U.S. Catholicism, Timothy Matovina

Journal of Catholic Education

A review of The Shared Parish: Latinos, Anglos, and the Future of U.S. Catholicism


The Journey From Welcoming To Belonging: Stories Of A New Principal In A Latino Community, Corena Marasco Jan 2016

The Journey From Welcoming To Belonging: Stories Of A New Principal In A Latino Community, Corena Marasco

Journal of Catholic Education

From Catholic education’s inception in the United States, Catholic schools were established for the immigrant population and the leadership was successful at building enrollment with the high European immigrant populations. At this point in United States history, Catholic education is in need of innovative change, especially in regard to attracting the Latino community, the largest Catholic group, to Catholic schools. In this study, I detailed my own journey as a new, first time, first year, Catholic school principal in a 100% Latino environment, where I was welcomed by a Latino community, eventually leading me to a deep sense of ...


Brotherhood, Social Justice, And Persistent Deficit Ideologies: Latino Students’ Experiences In An All-Male Catholic High School, Ursula S. Aldana Jan 2016

Brotherhood, Social Justice, And Persistent Deficit Ideologies: Latino Students’ Experiences In An All-Male Catholic High School, Ursula S. Aldana

Journal of Catholic Education

Declining Catholic school enrollment rates coupled with increasing numbers of Latino Catholics (in the US) have prompted Catholic leaders to interrogate how they can best engage and meet the needs of the Latino community (Ospino, 2014; Notre Dame Task Force, 2009). Much of this work focuses on how Catholic schools can attract Latino students and their families, but does not situate the Latino Catholic school student experience within the historical, economic and sociopolitical context. This paper interrogates the history and experiences of Latino students at Divinity High School (pseudonym), an all male Catholic high school that has historically served a ...


Catholic Education For Mexican Americans In Los Angeles: A Brief Historical Overview, Eduardo F. Lopez Jan 2016

Catholic Education For Mexican Americans In Los Angeles: A Brief Historical Overview, Eduardo F. Lopez

Journal of Catholic Education

This article explores the historical development of Catholic schools for Mexican Americans in Los Angeles, California. A brief overview of events that span from the 1700’s to the 1940’s is provided. Particular attention is placed on examining the administration of Cardinal James Francis Aloysius McIntyre from 1948-1969. While his predecessor, Archbishop John Joseph Cantwell, was responsible for laying the foundation of Catholic education in Los Angeles and introducing several innovations, it was under the direction of Cardinal McIntyre that Catholic schooling experienced its most significant growth and evolution. A critical examination of this history reveals a complex and ...


The Promise And Potential Of Two-Way Immersion In Catholic Schools, Luis R. Fraga Jan 2016

The Promise And Potential Of Two-Way Immersion In Catholic Schools, Luis R. Fraga

Journal of Catholic Education

Two-Way Immersion (TWI) is a method of instruction designed to facilitate the learning of a second language by non-native speakers. Unlike traditional methods of teaching a second language, TWI is grounded in the equal presence, respect, and value of the two languages and their related cultures. Moreover, the goal of TWI is the building of communities of intercultural competence and appreciation. In this essay, I argue that TWI is especially appropriate for many Catholic schools given the current and growing presence of Latino Catholics. However, the establishment and maintenance of an effective TWI school is not a panacea for efforts ...


¿Es Su Escuela Nuestra Escuela? Latino Access To Catholic Schools, Father Joseph V. Corpora, Luis R. Fraga Jan 2016

¿Es Su Escuela Nuestra Escuela? Latino Access To Catholic Schools, Father Joseph V. Corpora, Luis R. Fraga

Journal of Catholic Education

In this essay we use the framework of ideas, interests, and institutions to analyze the opportunities and challenges that confront Latino families and Catholic schools as they work to increase Latino enrollment. There are many ideas as to what to do to increase Latino enrollment. It is also apparent that it is in the interests of both Latino families and Catholic schools to have greater Latino enrollment. Despite the challenges of putting these ideas and interests into practice through institutional transformation, there is clear evidence that successful efforts continue to be made to increase Latino enrollment. Nonetheless, this progress seems ...


Latino Students In Catholic Postsecondary Institutions, Frances Contreras Jan 2016

Latino Students In Catholic Postsecondary Institutions, Frances Contreras

Journal of Catholic Education

Catholic educational institutions play an important role in educating Latino high achieving students. For Catholic high schools students, Latinos are more likely to graduate and transition to college immediately following high school. Few studies have examined the outcomes of Latino students who attend Catholic Colleges and Universities and whether the same level of success experienced by Latinos at the secondary level is also a prevalent phenomenon at the postsecondary level. Using secondary data from National Center for Education Data Statistics on high schools, SAT data, and data from IPEDs (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System), this article explores the college readiness ...


Catholic Schools Serving Hispanic Families: Insights From The 2014 National Survey, Hosffman Ospino, Patricia Weitzel-O’Neill Jan 2016

Catholic Schools Serving Hispanic Families: Insights From The 2014 National Survey, Hosffman Ospino, Patricia Weitzel-O’Neill

Journal of Catholic Education

This article draws extensively on data from the National Survey of Catholic Schools Serving Hispanic Families, conducted by Boston College researchers in 2014. The report was released on October 2015 under the title Catholic Schools in an Increasingly Hispanic Church. The report seeks to encourage serious conversation and investment on the part of both Catholic education and pastoral leaders at all levels, across the nation, with respect to serving the needs of Hispanic families.

Escuelas católicas sirviendo a familias hispanas: reflexiones de la encuesta nacional de 2014

Este artículo se basa extensamente en datos de la Encuesta nacional de escuelas ...


Latinos, Education, And The Church: Toward A Culturally Democratic Future, Antonia Darder Jan 2016

Latinos, Education, And The Church: Toward A Culturally Democratic Future, Antonia Darder

Journal of Catholic Education

The article provides a comprehensive critical analysis of key issues that are deeply salient to an examination of the relationship of Latinos, education and the Church. The status of Latinos and their educational participation in the United States is systematically presented through a critical theoretical lens that brings questions of historical, political, and economic inequalities and their consequences to the center of this interpretive interrogation. With this foundational piece in place, the article moves to the concept of cultural democracy as an important philosophical principle in our work to transform the education of Latino children within Catholic schools and beyond ...


A Latina Theological Reflection On Education, Faith, Love, And Beauty, Cecilia González-Andrieu Jan 2016

A Latina Theological Reflection On Education, Faith, Love, And Beauty, Cecilia González-Andrieu

Journal of Catholic Education

No abstract provided.


Editors' Introduction, Antonia Darder, Luis R. Fraga Jan 2016

Editors' Introduction, Antonia Darder, Luis R. Fraga

Journal of Catholic Education

Guest Editors' introduction


Indigenous Education Through Dance And Ceremony : A Mexica Palimpsest, Ernesto Colín Oct 2015

Indigenous Education Through Dance And Ceremony : A Mexica Palimpsest, Ernesto Colín

Faculty Pub Night

No abstract provided.


Situated Learning And Latino Male Gang Members At Homeboy Industries, Mauricio Arocha Oct 2015

Situated Learning And Latino Male Gang Members At Homeboy Industries, Mauricio Arocha

LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations

Gang intervention is crucial to improving the lives of Latino males in Los Angeles. The effectiveness of these programs is dependent on society’s perspective of gang members, and its ability to support the work of gang intervention programs. As documented in this research, Latinos face unique obstacles and situations, in education and in life. This qualitative research study aimed to provide insight as to the perceived impact of a Gang Intervention Program, Homeboy Industries, on Latino males. This study also provided insight as to the methods, behaviors, strategies, and situated learning perceived to positively affect former gang members at ...


Transformation From Within: Grounded Practice Of Teachers Amidst Cultural Change, Jesse Jovel, Brandi O. Lucas Sep 2015

Transformation From Within: Grounded Practice Of Teachers Amidst Cultural Change, Jesse Jovel, Brandi O. Lucas

Journal of Catholic Education

Francis High School (pseudonym) was opened in Los Angeles during the 1960s in response the Civil Rights issues facing the African American community at the time. In 2001, after years of declining enrollment, Francis High School became a Jesuit owned and operated school and began operating under the Cristo Rey financial model. Despite its historical presence in the community and its rich athletic and academic legacies, the demand for a dynamic approach to education was imminent. Fortunately, a transformation ensued as the school’s mission, goals, and policies changed in order to become more aligned with their new Jesuit, Cristo ...


Parent Engagement At A Cristo Rey High School: Building Home-School Partnerships In A Multicultural Immigrant Community, Thomas M. Crea, Andrew D. Reynolds, Elizabeth Degnan Sep 2015

Parent Engagement At A Cristo Rey High School: Building Home-School Partnerships In A Multicultural Immigrant Community, Thomas M. Crea, Andrew D. Reynolds, Elizabeth Degnan

Journal of Catholic Education

Catholic social teaching affirms the primary role of parents in their children’s education, as well as the importance of a home-school partnership. The purposes of this article are to review the results of a mixed methods study of parent engagement at Cristo Rey Boston High School, and how the results of this study led to specific efforts to include parents more closely in the life of the school. Results suggest that parents in multicultural communities perceive their engagement to be an important part of their children’s education. Yet, this engagement may take different forms that may go unrecognized ...


“Does Jesus Want Us To Be Poor?” Student Perspectives Of The Religious Program At A Cristo Rey Network School, Ursula S. Aldana Sep 2015

“Does Jesus Want Us To Be Poor?” Student Perspectives Of The Religious Program At A Cristo Rey Network School, Ursula S. Aldana

Journal of Catholic Education

The structure of Catholic schools improves achievement by providing multiple opportunities for face-to-face interaction, the development of meaningful relationships between students, teachers, and other members of the school community, and a shared set of beliefs among all school members (Bryk, Lee, & Holland, 1993). Despite a substantiating body of research for this assertion, few empirical studies exist on how the religious program might impact the intrapersonal and interpersonal development of students. The Cristo Rey Network (CRN) of schools was developed in response to the material realities of students and families living in Chicago (Kearney, 2006). The leaders of the network, motivated ...


The Jesuit Social Justice Dialectic Within The Cristo Rey School Model, Sajit U. Kabadi Sep 2015

The Jesuit Social Justice Dialectic Within The Cristo Rey School Model, Sajit U. Kabadi

Journal of Catholic Education

This article reports findings from a qualitative case study of a Cristo Rey Jesuit high school. The Jesuit social justice dialectic strives to maintain a balance between the preservation of the virtue of the Jesuit mission and the selling of the Jesuit brand. The Jesuit mission consists of Catholic evangelization through cultural immersion and social justice. The Jesuit brand consists of the accumulation of financial wealth and political influence essential to the ambitions of the Jesuit mission coming to fruition. This journal article explores this Jesuit social justice dialectic in action looking at the corporate work-study program utilized in the ...