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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education Commons

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Iowa State University

Literacy in English as a second language

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu Jan 2006

Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Peer review is a commonly used activity in cross-cultural composition classes; however, little research has investigated how NNSEs' (non-native speakers of English) self-perceptions and power relations reflect and are reflected in their peer discourse, more exactly in the use of social-interactional strategies and personal stance. In this microethnographic study, I followed two NNSEs working in dyads with two different peers (a native and a non-native speaker of English) for a rhetorical analysis assignment in a cross-cultural composition class. First I distributed a survey to the six participants in order to determine their perceptions of previous and hypothetical peer interactions, and ...


Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders Jan 2005

Communication During Public Service Encounters: Spanish L1 Immigrant Consumers And English L1 Employees, Robin Lanae Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the state of Iowa continues to see an influx in 'new immigrants,' English speaking retail and service agency employees often assist consumers who are nonnative speakers of English on a regular basis. This mismatch between language and culture can sometimes cause misunderstanding and discomfort in cross-cultural relationships. Six Hispanic Spanish LI adult consumers and 13 White English LI employees from one rural Iowa community participated in this study. Both groups were asked a series of interview questions to share their perceptions about their ability to communicate with people in the other group. The participants were also asked to consider ...


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...


Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han Jan 2005

Retelling As An Effective Reading Comprehension Strategy For Young Esl Learners, Jung-Ah Han

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Retelling is not a new strategy, but it has been underestimated for a long time. This study investigates the effectiveness of retelling as a reading strategy for elementary school students of English as a Second Language (ESL). Two first graders, three second graders, and three fifth graders participated in the study. They were divided into two groups (Group A and B) considering their English competence and other factors. Their retelling outcomes including oral, written and drawings during 2 months period were collected and analyzed. During the study, students were being read stories and asked to retell the stories orally and ...


A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang Jan 2005

A Comparison Of The Use Of Strategies In Reading Electronic And Printed Text By Chinese Adult Esl Learners, Ching-Hui Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether Chinese adult ESL learners use the same reading strategies online as they do in traditional print. Three Chinese-speaking graduate students at Iowa State University participated in this study. To best elicit information regarding subjects' thought processes and their use of reading strategies, several methods were used, including think-aloud protocols, Morae software, and a follow-up interview. During the think-aloud process, subjects were assigned two reading tasks. One process involved reading in traditional print, and in the other process, participants read in hypertext. Each text format consisted of three passages. Each subject had the option of choosing two ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert Jan 2004

Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The place of literature in language teaching has long been debated. This study investigates the use of poetry and children's literature written in verse as materials for helping advanced adult learners of English as a second or foreign language develop oral fluency skills. Fifteen native Chinese-speaking graduate students or professionals associated with ISU participated in the study. Speech samples were taken before and after a two-week treatment period. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups: a children's literature group, and adult literature group, and a control group. During the treatment period, each of the ...