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Articles 1 - 30 of 421

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

International Reverse Transfer Students: A Critical Analysis Based On Field, Habitus, And Social And Cultural Capital, Yu April Chen, Ran Li, Linda Serra Hagedorn Jun 2020

International Reverse Transfer Students: A Critical Analysis Based On Field, Habitus, And Social And Cultural Capital, Yu April Chen, Ran Li, Linda Serra Hagedorn

Education Publications

Objective: International reverse transfer students are international students who begin their postsecondary journey at a four-year institution but subsequently transfer to a community college. In this qualitative study, we examine the lived experiences of international reverse transfers to understand the reasons for reverse-transfer and to understand the students’ learning experiences. Methods: Using a phenomenological approach, we recruited 10 international reverse transfer students attending one four-year university or one of the two community colleges. We conducted individual interviews with all participants and analyzed transcript data through Bourdieu’s sociological theory of field, habitus, and social and cultural capital. Results: We identified ...


The Intersection Of Agricultural Education And Teaching Foreign Languages In American Elementary Schools, Kori Floyd Jan 2020

The Intersection Of Agricultural Education And Teaching Foreign Languages In American Elementary Schools, Kori Floyd

Creative Components

This project explores the intersection of agricultural education and teaching foreign languages in American elementary schools. The project was created to address the need to expose young children to the benefits of agriculture and foreign languages, which would potentially develop into a global career option, as agriculture is projected to become a sustainable industry in the 21st century job market. Furthermore, elementary students would benefit from learning about agriculture through foreign language education due to the large Spanish-speaking population that works in the agriculture industry in the United States. Elementary students from English-speaking households will gain a cultural perspective ...


Much Bigger Than A Hamburger: Disrupting Problematic Picturebook Depictions Of The Civil Rights Movement, Noreen Naseem Rodriguez, Amanda E. Vickery Jan 2020

Much Bigger Than A Hamburger: Disrupting Problematic Picturebook Depictions Of The Civil Rights Movement, Noreen Naseem Rodriguez, Amanda E. Vickery

Education Publications

While more diverse children's literature about youth activism is available than ever before, popular picturebooks often perpetuate problematic tropes about the Civil Rights Movement. In this article, we conduct a critical content analysis of the award-winning picturebook The Youngest Marcher and contrast the book's content to a critical race counterstory of the Movement focused on the collective struggle for justice in the face of racial violence. We argue for the need to engage students in critical race media literacy and offer ways to nuance the limited narratives often found in children's literature.


The Benefits Of Reflective Practice Using Speaking Tasks In Teaching Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Nov 2019

The Benefits Of Reflective Practice Using Speaking Tasks In Teaching Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This mixed-method research study examines the speaking proficiency of Spanish learners with the Virtual Oral Interview Classroom-based Exam (VOICES), a free oral assessment tool for students and teachers, and the American Council Teaching Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) for assessing their oral ability. Students’ oral proficiency was assessed at the beginning and end of the semester via the OPI, and oral performance was assessed during the middle and at the end of the semester with VOICES. During the semester, learners practiced with structured and communicative output activities with the purpose of developing communicative competence. Using active learning as ...


The Effectiveness Of A Wiki-Enhanced Tblt Approach Implemented At The Syllabus Level In The Teaching Of Chinese As A Foreign Language, Shenglan Zhang Sep 2019

The Effectiveness Of A Wiki-Enhanced Tblt Approach Implemented At The Syllabus Level In The Teaching Of Chinese As A Foreign Language, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study examines the effectiveness of an approach for improving Chinese as a foreign language learners’ language proficiency, especially their speaking ability. Built upon the Educational Engineering Research Theory and its Distributed Design Model, this study used a wiki-enhanced Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) approach implemented at the syllabus level, taking into consideration various learning contexts. Different aspects of the design, such as how the wiki was used to extend the students’ learning beyond classroom, how the topics of the tasks were chosen and sequenced, and what strategies were adopted to motivate learners to interact with their co-learners and native speakers ...


Functional Language In Curriculum Genres: Implications For Testing International Teaching Assistants, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Jun 2019

Functional Language In Curriculum Genres: Implications For Testing International Teaching Assistants, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

U.S. universities have been employing international teaching assistants (ITAs) for more than thirty years, and their interest in using large-scale language proficiency test scores for the purpose of screening and certification of prospective ITAs has markedly grown. Although previous research generated evidence supporting the validity of such test uses, no studies closely examined the nature of ITAs’ classroom discourse in terms of functional language needed to accomplish teaching tasks and convey knowledge in instructional encounters with undergraduate students. This study approaches this gap in academic English assessment by investigating an ITA corpus containing laboratory, recitation, and lecture curriculum genres ...


Asian And American And Always Becoming: The (Mis)Education Of Two Asian American Teacher Educators., Noreen N. Naseem Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim Apr 2019

Asian And American And Always Becoming: The (Mis)Education Of Two Asian American Teacher Educators., Noreen N. Naseem Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim

Education Publications

This self-study of two Asian American teacher educators traces the coming-to-consciousness about their Asian American identities and subsequent efforts to teach Asian American histories in social studies methods courses. Using the frame of Asian American critical race theory (AsianCrit), the teacher educators describe their explorations of Asian American hybridity in their personal and professional lives. Given the near invisibility of Asian Americans in the dominant narrative of U.S. history and in PK-12 curriculum broadly, these teacher educators’ stories articulate the experience of never seeing oneself in history and the struggle to add stories to a history that leaves little ...


Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska Jan 2019

Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to examine the usefulness of mobile-assisted ASR dictation systems (Gboard, Siri or voice dictation on smartphones) for vowel pronunciation practice by looking at three aspects of its usefulness: pronunciation improvement by using ASR, accuracy of recognition, and the learners’ attitudes towards using this system. A list of 30 words containing minimal pairs of the contrasts /i/, /ɪ/; /æ/, /ɛ/; /u/, /ʊ/; /ɑ/, /ʌ/ and some distractors was given to 21 Macedonian EFL learners, divided into two groups, an experimental (n=11) and a control group (n=10). A mixed methods approach was used in ...


Developing And Evaluating Corpus-Based Feedback, Mo Chen Jan 2019

Developing And Evaluating Corpus-Based Feedback, Mo Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation outlines the development of a system of corpus-based feedback and evaluates its effects on students’ error correction and language learning. The design of the corpus-based feedback used in the study was informed by two SLA theories: the Interactionist Approach and Skill-learning Theory. The dissertation theorizes all aspects of the feedback design and discusses the various features of corpus-based feedback from SLA theoretical perspectives. To evaluate the quality of corpus-based feedback, the study compared it to that of traditional coded feedback. Based on the logical framework for evaluating CALL corrective feedback and Chapelle’s evaluation criteria (2001), five research ...


Revisiting Multiplication Area Models For Whole Numbers, Oh-Hoon Kwon, Ji-Won Son, Ji Yeong I Jan 2019

Revisiting Multiplication Area Models For Whole Numbers, Oh-Hoon Kwon, Ji-Won Son, Ji Yeong I

Education Publications

We argue that there are two conceptually different area models for whole number multiplication: area-to-area model and lengths-to-area model depending on how multiplication operation is conceived: action on / change of an initial quantity, or operation / coordination of two quantities. These models complement each other to promote students’ conceptual understanding of whole number multiplication and help students extend their understanding of whole number multiplication to fraction multiplication.


Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2019

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines the use of technology-mediated, task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a hybrid environment as an instructional approach in an intermediate-level Spanish course. It (a) evaluates elements of a hybrid course that was developed with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials to help learners improve their Spanish, focusing on two areas of specialization––engineering and business; (b) examines the effectiveness of the course materials and curriculum with a focus on CALL readings; (c) demonstrates that the technology-mediated TBLT approach in the hybrid learning environment was successful in linking content and language; and (d) establishes that the learners’ speaking skills had ...


Social Justice Education In Rural White Schools, Nathaniel Overberg Jan 2019

Social Justice Education In Rural White Schools, Nathaniel Overberg

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Undergraduate International Student Enrollment Forecasting Model: An Application Of Time Series Analysis, Yu Chen, Ran Li, Linda S. Hagedorn Jan 2019

Undergraduate International Student Enrollment Forecasting Model: An Application Of Time Series Analysis, Yu Chen, Ran Li, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Publications

This study developed statistical models to forecast international undergraduate student enrollment at a Midwest university. The authors constructed a SARIMA (Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) model with input variables to estimate future enrollment. The SARIMA model reflected enrollment patterns by semester through highlighting seasonality. Further, authors added input variables such as visa policy changes, the rapid increase of Chinese undergraduate enrollment, and tuition rate into the model estimation. The visa policy change and the increase of Chinese undergraduate enrollment were significant predictors of international undergraduate enrollment. The effect of tuition rates was significant but minimal in magnitude. Findings of this ...


“La Lucha Todavía No Ha Terminado”/The Struggle Has Not Yet Ended Teaching Immigration Through Testimonio And Difficult Funds Of Knowledge, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Cinthia S. Salinas Jan 2019

“La Lucha Todavía No Ha Terminado”/The Struggle Has Not Yet Ended Teaching Immigration Through Testimonio And Difficult Funds Of Knowledge, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Cinthia S. Salinas

Education Publications

POLITICAL SCIENTISTS HAVE DESCRIBED the eruption of recent political tensions as a post-WWII divide between Americans feeling a loss of economic security that requires more authoritarian responses and Americans who continue to prioritize equality, freedom, and democratic participation (Inglehart, 2018). The consequence of this fissure is augmented through recent alt-right marches on college campuses and in cities, enraged and misleading posting on social media, and hostile political elections. Emboldened by political discourses that are “openly racist, sexist, authoritarian and xenophobic” (Inglehart, 2018, p. 25), Orwellian tools of misinformation have emerged that serve to disrupt the civil and trustworthy deliberations inherent ...


Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Dec 2018

Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the TOEFL iBT® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this secondary use of the test, this study adopted the argument‐based approach to validation. Focusing on the domain description inference in the TOEFL interpretive argument, the study investigated whether the language functions elicited by TOEFL iBT Speaking tasks can be identified in authentic discourse produced by international teaching assistants ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando Nov 2018

Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

In this study, a researcher collaborated with a middle school mathematics teacher through co-planning, teaching and reflecting upon mathematical modeling lessons to support emergent bilinguals to make sense of mathematics. We investigate how this collaboration impacts the process of co-teaching and co-planning in terms of the interactions between the researcher and the teacher. Our analysis reveals how each role changed and maintained during the collaboration and what factors were discussed to develop and implement modeling-based lessons for emergent bilinguals.


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As Derwing (2010) observed nearly ten years ago, one of the goals of pronunciation research is to identify how different aspects of second language (L2) speech develop over time, providing teachers with information on the pronunciation problems that will work themselves out, versus those that will likely pose an ongoing challenge. At the same time, research must account for the cognitive, socio-affective, and experiential variables that shape pronunciation learning outcomes (Moyer, 2014a, 2014b).


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason May 2018

Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

This research investigates how three high school students in the USA developed new literacies practices through their participation in teenage Twitter. Data was collected from two sources, including archival data from participants’ Twitter over a two-year span, and semi-structured interviews. Results found that teenagers developed a number of practices that facilitated orientation to cultural conventions of teenage Twitter, helped them mobilize followers for participatory events, and led to reflective awareness of how to tell stories on Twitter. This study suggests that teenagers used the affordances of Twitter in order to craft multimodal narratives that are co-constructed, participatory, nonlinear, and emergent ...


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


Giving Up On A Course: An Analysis Of Course Dropping Behaviors Among Community College Students, Lyle Mckinney, Heather Novak, Linda Hagedorn, Maria Luna-Torres May 2018

Giving Up On A Course: An Analysis Of Course Dropping Behaviors Among Community College Students, Lyle Mckinney, Heather Novak, Linda Hagedorn, Maria Luna-Torres

Education Publications

Excessive course dropping is costly to students and institutions. Using longitudinal transcript data, this study investigated course withdrawal patterns among 5900 students at a large, racially/ethnically diverse community college district in Texas. Two-thirds of the students dropped at least one course, and 13.5% of the total course enrollments resulted in withdrawal. Course withdrawal rates were significantly higher among students who were: male, African American, age 20–24, GED holders, academically underprepared, enrolled part-time, and had a cumulative college GPA of less than 2.0. Science, mathematics, and writing courses had high drop rates, as did Second Start and ...


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith Apr 2018

Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith

Education Publications

While much is known about how Black students negotiate and navigate undergraduate studies, there is a dearth of research on what happens when these students enter graduate school. This article presents the results of a study of 21 Black male graduate students in engineering from one highly ranked research-intensive institution. This article provides evidence of structurally racialized policies within the engineering college (e.g., admissions) and racialized and gendered interactions with peers and advisors that threaten Black males’ persistence in engineering. We argue for taking an anti-deficit approach to understanding Black males’ persistence in engineering. We conclude with implications for ...


Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt Mar 2018

Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

What is “hard” about college? The concept of academic rigor has been remarkably narrowly defined in contemporary higher education. Rigor is often equated with hard work in terms of the number of hours students spend studying or the quantity of assignments—or “piling on” a lot of work for students (Arum & Roksa, 2011). Alternatively, as derived from the recent K–12 standards movement in the No Child Left Behind act, rigor may be seen as an advanced level of curriculum (achieving mastery of prespecified content; for example, less rigorous algebra versus more rigorous calculus) (Matusevich, O'Connor, & Hargett, 2009). Yet, if we ask students what was “hard” about college academics—many other understandings may emerge—perhaps what was “hard” was maintaining one's identity while learning material that does not align with one's cultural values. Perhaps what was “challenging” was shifting basic assumptions that have been a core part of an individual’s experiences. Or, perhaps, the “rigor” was learning scholarly writing in a second language. Perhaps what was “hard” was learning to move from memorizing facts to analyzing and evaluating them—becoming a producer and interpreter rather than a consumer of information. Perhaps what was “hard” was coming to see oneself as an academic. All of these can be seen as a challenge of the academic experience at college—and resolving each of these challenges has been associated with student learning (Braxton, 1993; Castillo‐Montoya, 2017; Castillo‐Montoya & Torres‐Guzmán, 2012; Fries‐Britt, Johnson, & Burt, 2013; Neumann, 2014).


Valuing Identity: My Experiences + Your Perception, Marcia Purdy Feb 2018

Valuing Identity: My Experiences + Your Perception, Marcia Purdy

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Participants will gain understanding and knowledge of what creates their cultural lens. Participants will have a greater awareness of their own personal values and how their past has created their current perceptions, behaviors, and communications styles. Participants will be able to identify their own values and biases.


From Margins To Center: Developing Cultural Citizenship Education Through The Teaching Of Asian American History, Noreen N. Rodriguez Feb 2018

From Margins To Center: Developing Cultural Citizenship Education Through The Teaching Of Asian American History, Noreen N. Rodriguez

Education Publications

Citizenship education is considered a primary purpose for social studies education. However, in elementary classrooms, it is often limited to the memorization of mainstream civic knowledge and learning about a handful of American heroes. This qualitative study of three Asian American educators uses Asian Critical Race Theory to explore how the teachers drew from their own cultural and linguistic experiences to inform pedagogies of cultural citizenship education that interrogated what it means to be a citizen. By (re)defining the terms Asian American and American (citizen), the teachers enacted cultural citizenship education through the use of counternarratives and children’s ...


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...