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Articles 31 - 60 of 152

Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Patterns Of Tasks, Patterns Of Talk: L2 Literacy Building In University Spanish Classes, Jesse Gleason, Tammy Slater Jun 2016

Patterns Of Tasks, Patterns Of Talk: L2 Literacy Building In University Spanish Classes, Jesse Gleason, Tammy Slater

English Publications

ABSTRACT

Second language (L2) classroom research has sought to shed light on the processes and practices that develop L2 learners’ abilities [Nunan, D. 2004. Task-based language teaching. London: Continuum; Verplaetse, L. 2014. Using big questions to apprentice students into language-rich classroom practices. TESOL Quarterly, 179, 632–641; Zeungler, J., & Mori, J. 2002. Microanalyses of classroom discourse: A critical consideration of method. Applied Linguistics, 23(3), 283–288]. Honing in on the micro-level of classroom tasks and even further into the language of the tasks can help to reveal the patterns in teacher- and student-talk that help scaffold students’ academic literacy. Literacy, from a systemic functional view of language learning, entails having the tools to function in the social contexts that are valued in students’ lives. This ...


Effects Of Strength Of Accent On An L2 Interactive Lecture Listening Comprehension Test, Gary Ockey, Spiros Papageorgiou, Robert French Apr 2016

Effects Of Strength Of Accent On An L2 Interactive Lecture Listening Comprehension Test, Gary Ockey, Spiros Papageorgiou, Robert French

English Publications

This article reports on a study which aimed to determine the effect of strength of accent on listening comprehension of interactive lectures. Test takers (N = 21,726) listened to an interactive lecture given by one of nine speakers and responded to six comprehension items. The test taker responses were analyzed with the Rasch computer program WINSTEPS to investigate the relative difficulty of the items associated with the nine versions of the interactive lectures. Results indicated that comprehension of interactive lectures was diminished with quite light accents, as has been found with monologic lectures.


Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman Feb 2016

Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman

Education Publications

Students’ lives outside of college can have dramatic effects on academic outcomes (e.g., grades, persistence, graduation). However, the manner in which students’ lives outside of college are referenced in college-effects models suggests some uncertainty among scholars as to which, and how, student experiences outside of an institution affect college student outcomes. Using longitudinal data from a racially diverse sample of 3914 students (997 White, 1051 Black, 915 Hispanic, and 951 Asian) attending 28 institutions, this study employs logistic regression models to examine relationships between three types of non-college life-events and students’ likelihood of graduation. Specifically, we examine the impact ...


Automated Writing Evaluation For Formative Assessment Of Second Language Writing: Investigating The Accuracy And Usefulness Of Feedback As Part Of Argument-Based Validation, Jim Ranalli, Stephanie Link, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen Feb 2016

Automated Writing Evaluation For Formative Assessment Of Second Language Writing: Investigating The Accuracy And Usefulness Of Feedback As Part Of Argument-Based Validation, Jim Ranalli, Stephanie Link, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen

English Publications

An increasing number of studies on the use of tools for automated writing evaluation (AWE) in writing classrooms suggest growing interest in their potential for formative assessment. As with all assessments, these applications should be validated in terms of their intended interpretations and uses. A recent argument-based validation framework outlined inferences that require backing to support integration of one AWE tool, Criterion, into a college-level English as a Second Language (ESL) writing course. The present research appraised evidence for the assumptions underlying two inferences in this argument. In the first of two studies, we assessed evidence for the evaluation inference ...


Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr. Jan 2016

Providing Spaces On College Campuses And Through Social Media For Men Of Color To Offer Counterstories, Cameron C. Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr.

Leadership Studies Publications

Counterstorytelling and history can be useful to understand the historical and political context of power, privilege and the oppression of historically marginalized communities in the United States (Zinn, 1994). Similar to counterstorytelling and history, social media has become an important source of news that influences the examination of society and culture, and its interaction of race, law, power and privilege. If one was born yesterday, with no knowledge of the past, one might simply accept anything and everything that social media tells us. “Knowing a bit of history—while it would not absolutely prove the government [and media] were lying ...


El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2016

El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Con la tecnología multimedia sofisticada, hay un interés renovado en la relación entre canales visuales y auditivos en la evaluación de la comprensión oral (CO). La investigación emergente sobre el uso de elementos visuales en la evaluación de la comprensión oral ha producido resultados no concluyentes. Algunos estudiantes se desempeñan mejor en pruebas que incluyen la información visual (Wagner, 2007) mientras otros no han encontrado ninguna diferencia en el desempeño de los participantes en los dos formatos de prueba (Batty, 2015). Estos resultados mixtos hacen que sea necesario examinar el papel de la utilización de audio y vídeo en CO ...


L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello Jan 2016

L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Writing as a process has been recognized as an important tenant to integrate in L1 and L2 language courses. Research in this area has shown that collaboration in the form of peer-review exercises can improve writing outcomes. Even though research in this area has identified benefits for conducting peer reviews online, these studies have focused on the analysis of improvements in writing skills from the collaboration process without full consideration of the medium used in the process of collaboration and how the perceptions of students evolve.

This mixed-methods longitudinal study was aimed at the examination of the change in perceptions ...


The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey Jan 2016

The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey

English Publications

Multiple-choice formats remain a popular design for assessing listening comprehension, yet no consensus has been reached on how multiple-choice formats should be employed. Some researchers argue that test takers must be provided with a preview of the items prior to the input (Buck, 1995; Sherman, 1997); others argue that a preview may decrease the authenticity of the task by changing the way input is processed (Hughes, 2003). Using stratified random sampling techniques, more and less proficient Japanese university English learners (N = 206) were assigned one of three test conditions: preview of question stem and answer options (n = 67), preview of ...


The Design Of An Instrument To Evaluate Sotware For Efl/Esl Pronunciation Teaching, John Levis, Cristiana Gomes De Fretias Menezes Martins, Vladia Maria Cabral Borges Jan 2016

The Design Of An Instrument To Evaluate Sotware For Efl/Esl Pronunciation Teaching, John Levis, Cristiana Gomes De Fretias Menezes Martins, Vladia Maria Cabral Borges

English Publications

This study aimed at designing an instrument composed of 72 questions that evaluate the extent to which sotware programs teach pronunciation of English as a Foreign Language and/or Second Language (EFL/ESL) following the principles of the Communicative Approach (Celce-Murcia et al, 2010). he designed instrument was tested for reliability and validity. For this purpose, 46 EFL/ESL teachers used the instrument to analyze an online version of the sotware program Pronunciation Power 2. he participants’ answers to the questions were subjected to reliability and validity tests. he results of these statistical tests suggest the instrument is potentially valid ...


Preservice Teacher Learning To Help Els Understand Mathematical Problems, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez Jan 2016

Preservice Teacher Learning To Help Els Understand Mathematical Problems, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There is a common belief that teachers do not need to differentiate their instruction for English Learners (ELs) and that helping ELs adjust in school culture is not a teacher’s responsbility (Walker, Shafer, & Liams, 2004). This belief is due to their lack of proper training to teach ELs, as statistics show only 13% of teachers are adequately prepared to teach ELs while more than 40% of teachers have ELs in their classrooms (NCES, 2002). Responding to the great need for an adequate teacher preparation for EL in mathematics education, this study was designed to investigate preservice teacher (PSTs) learning ...


Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno Jan 2016

Critical Cultural Student Affairs Praxis And Participatory Action Research, Oiyan A. Poon, Dian D. Squire, Delia Cheung Hom, Kevin Gin, Megan S. Segoshi, Aaron Parayno

Education Publications

This paper explores how student affairs practitioners may engage in critical cultural praxis through participatory action research (PAR). As authors, both researchers and practitioners, we partnered with one another to conduct a needs assessment of Asian American students through PAR methods at a university in the northeast United States. Unfortunately, the PAR project as initially designed did not come to fruition. We used autoethnography to understand the many barriers that prevented the completion of the project, such as lengthy and unclear IRB processes, lack of organizational stability, and limited institutional support. Finally, we offer insight into how scholar-practitioners and institutions ...


Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz Jan 2016

Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

Community college faculty members are essential to promoting student engagement and success, yet little research in this area has focused on the interactions of Latino men with their faculty members. The study utilized Harris and Wood’s (2013) Socio-Ecological Outcomes (SEO) model which focuses on the educational success of men of color in community colleges, to examine how Latino men made meaning of their interactions with faculty members and how these interactions influenced their community college success. Latino men made meaning of their faculty experiences based on (a) the accessibility and approachability of the faculty member, (b) their own hesitancy ...


运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2015

Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

An abundance of authentic materials is available online for language learning. To locate appropriate materials is nearly impossible for even the most motivated learners. This requires teachers to curate authentic online content to enhance and supplement learners’ learning. Content curation is the process of collecting, organizing and displaying information. This article describes the procedure and strategies one may use in curating authentic content materials for Chinese language learning online. Teachers as curators need to collect the content with the consideration of difficulty level for different learners. In addition, they should put a lot of thoughts into content categorization based on ...


Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers Jan 2015

Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers

English Technical Reports and White Papers

We propose a new method for evaluating the readability of simplified sentences through pair-wise ranking. The validity of the method is established through in-corpus and cross-corpus evaluation experiments. The approach correctly identifies the ranking of simplified and unsimplified sentences in terms of their reading level with an accuracy of over 80%, significantly outperforming previous results. To gain qualitative insights into the nature of simplification at the sentence level, we studied the impact of specific linguistic features. We empirically confirm that both word-level and syntactic features play a role in comparing the degree of simplification of authentic data. To carry out ...


Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi Jan 2015

Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi

English Publications

Studies that use structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques are increasingly encountered in the language assessment literature. This popularity has created the need for a set of guidelines that can indicate what should be included in a research report and make it possible for research consumers to judge the appropriateness of the interpretations made from a reported study. This article attempts to fill this void by providing a set of reporting guidelines appropriate for language assessment researchers.


New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li Jan 2015

New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li

English Publications

The assessment of oral communication has continued to evolve over the past few decades. The construct being assessed has broadened to include interactional competence, and technology has played a role in the types of tasks that are currently popular. In this paper, we discuss the factors that affect the process of oral communication assessment, current conceptualizations of the construct to be assessed, and five tasks that are used to assess this construct. These tasks include oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks. We evaluate these tasks based on current ...


Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis Jan 2015

Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis

English Publications

Success in L2 pronunciation learning is affected by both individual differ-ences and social influences on learning. While individual differences have been extensively researched, social influences have not. This study examines the beliefs and attitudes of advanced learners of English in regard to their pronunciation abilities and improvement. Twelve graduate students took part in four weeks of individualized pronunciation tutoring followed by inter-views asking about their pronunciation, use of English, and their pronuncition in social contexts. The interviews revealed four images of their pronunciation learning. The first was that their spoken language skills left them feeling pulled in conflicting directions; the ...


Preservice Teachers' Strategies To Support English Learners, Zandra De Araujo, Ji Yeong I, Erin Smith, Matthew Sakow Jan 2015

Preservice Teachers' Strategies To Support English Learners, Zandra De Araujo, Ji Yeong I, Erin Smith, Matthew Sakow

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Although English language learners (ELLs) are one of the fastest growing groups of students in the United States, many teacher preparation programs have yet to require preservice teachers (PSTs) to receive training in effective practices for teaching ELLs. We examined a four-week field experience pairing an elementary PST with an ELL. We examined the strategies PSTs used to support ELLs as they implemented cognitively demanding mathematics tasks. Through interviews, observations, and written reflections, we found that the PSTs tried to support students, with varying degrees of success, by allowing for multiple modes of communication, including visual supports, pressing for explaining ...


Teacher Perspectives On Mathematics Education Of Language Learners: Adapting Ell Education Models, Ji Yeong I, Hyewon Chang Jan 2015

Teacher Perspectives On Mathematics Education Of Language Learners: Adapting Ell Education Models, Ji Yeong I, Hyewon Chang

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Teachers in Korea have recently confronted new challenges as the population of linguistically and culturally diverse students increases. Ethnically diverse students as well as Korea-born students returning from long residences in foreign countries have great difficulties orienting themselves within Korean schools due to lack of Korean language proficiency and cultural differences. We named this student group as Korean language learners (KLLs) and investigated teacher perspectives on effective mathematics pedagogy for KLLs. Using two educational models for English language learners (ELLs)—Cummins’ Quadrant Model and the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) Model—we examined survey results of a small group of ...


Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao Jan 2015

Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao

English Publications

This chapter is based on a case study conducted in Xisheng (pseudonym promised to the participants for anonymity purposes) in Northwest China to explore teachers’ perspectives on teaching under the market economy system. The original plan was to study local indigenous teachers, but that was not possible due to political sensitivity of the region at the time of data collection. As a result, we interviewed mostly Han teachers, including as many local indigenous teachers as possible. We think that the study is still useful as it was the first study of its kind and that it was informative regarding the ...


Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis Jan 2015

Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

Parentheticals, information that is not directly relevant to the topic being addressed, appear in all academic lectures and help listeners distinguish important from less important information. Their use is a critical skill for all teachers. Despite their importance, research on parentheticals in teaching is scarce. This chapter explores the instructional discourse of native English-speaking teaching assistants and international teaching assistants regarding the use of parentheticals, primarily in terms of the intonational and informational patterns they exhibit. Our analysis involved discourse data collected from sixteen classes, eight from chemistry (four taught by native English-speaking TAs and four taught by ITAs) and ...


Seeing Through Colorblindness, Kathleen E. Gillon, Cameron Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr. Jul 2014

Seeing Through Colorblindness, Kathleen E. Gillon, Cameron Beatty, Cristobal Salinas Jr.

Education Publications

In our work with fraternities and sororities, how often do we reflect on the role race plays in recruitment practices or how it shapes the experiences of members, chapters, organizations, and the fraternity community as a whole? In our estimation, not often enough. However, if we explore the history of fraternities and sororities, we learn these organizations were typically created and organized specifically around race. From the founding of Phi Beta Kappa in 1776 to the beginnings of many other organizations through the late 1960s, historically White fraternities in the United States were legally racially exclusive (Kendall, 2008), most going ...


Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu Apr 2014

Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu

Education Publications

The number of international students pursuing postsecondary degrees in the United States has increased consistently over the past several years (Institute of International Education 2012, 2013). In fact, the most recent report— for academic year 2012–13—indicates that compared to the previous academic year, the number of international students at U.S. colleges and universities increased by 7.2 percent, to more than 800,000. Students from China lead this global trend, accounting for 28.7 percent of all international postsecondary students in the United States. Moreover, the number of Chinese students studying in the United States continues to ...


From One To Multiple Accents On A Test Of L2 Listening Comprehension, Gary Ockey, Robert French Jan 2014

From One To Multiple Accents On A Test Of L2 Listening Comprehension, Gary Ockey, Robert French

English Publications

Concerns about the need for assessing multidialectal listening skills for global contexts are becoming increasingly prevalent. However, the inclusion of multiple accents on listening assessments may threaten test fairness because it is not practical to include every accent that may be encountered in the language use domain on these tests. Given this dilemma, this study aimed to determine the extent to which accent strength and familiarity affect comprehension and to provide a defensible direction for assessing multidialectal listening comprehension. A strength of accent scale was developed, and one US, four Australian, and four British English speakers of English were selected ...


Technology-Mediated L2 Strategy Instruction And Its Potential To Enhance Evaluation And Research, Jim Ranalli Jan 2014

Technology-Mediated L2 Strategy Instruction And Its Potential To Enhance Evaluation And Research, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

This paper discusses the potential of technology-mediated forms of L2 strategy instruction (SI) to not only facilitate SI but to enhance evaluation of SI interventions and L2 strategy research more generally. It uses results from a recent empirical study to show how computer-based forms of SI may offer remedies for problematic features of evaluation, including access to process data showing how learners actually perform strategy-related tasks, the timing and frequency of collection of learner perception data, and most importantly, data about task perception and meta-cognitive monitoring, which can position L2 strategies within frameworks for self-regulated learning. The underlying premise of ...


Chinese Parents' Hopes For Their Only Children: A Transition Program Case Study, Jiayi Hu, Linda Serra Hagedorn Jan 2014

Chinese Parents' Hopes For Their Only Children: A Transition Program Case Study, Jiayi Hu, Linda Serra Hagedorn

Education Publications

The Challenge of Growth, A significant and increasing number of international students are seeking postsecondary education in the United States. According to the Open Doors report (Institute of International Education (IIE) 2011), over academic year 2010–11, the number of international students at colleges and universities has increased by five percent. There are now 32 percent more international students studying at US colleges and universities than there were just a decade ago, for a total of 764,495 in academic year 2011–12. Although the number of international students is growing in general, China represents a country with extreme growth ...


Exploring International Teaching Assistants Experiences In The U.S. Classroom: Implications For Educational Practices And Training, Sonali Diddi, Hui-Siang Tan, Elena E. Karpova Oct 2013

Exploring International Teaching Assistants Experiences In The U.S. Classroom: Implications For Educational Practices And Training, Sonali Diddi, Hui-Siang Tan, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

With the growing number of international graduate assistants in U.S. undergraduate classrooms, this study explored ITAs experiences in order to create a better classroom for effective teaching and learning.


Creating And Assessing Campus Climates That Support Personal And Social Responsibility, Robert D. Reason Jan 2013

Creating And Assessing Campus Climates That Support Personal And Social Responsibility, Robert D. Reason

Education Publications

Over the past century, there have been several calls to infuse education for personal and social responsibility into the core of higher education. As early as 1937, and again in 1949, for example, professionals from the American Council on Education gathered to discuss the central tenets of higher education in the United States. Both groups of educators concluded that "the central purpose of higher education is the preservation, transmittal, and enrichment of culture by means of instruction, scholarly work, and scientific research" (ACE 1983, 17), but the document that emerged from the 1949 meeting suggested broadening the purpose of higher ...


Online Strategy Instruction For Vocabulary Depth-Of-Knowledge And Web-Based Dictionary Skills, Jim Ranalli Jan 2013

Online Strategy Instruction For Vocabulary Depth-Of-Knowledge And Web-Based Dictionary Skills, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

This paper explores the feasibility of an automated, online form of L2 strategy instruction (SI) as an alternative to conventional, classroom-based forms that rely primarily on teachers. Feasibility was evaluated by studying the effectiveness, both actual and perceived, of a five-week, online SI course designed to teach web-based dictionary skills integrated with knowledge of lexical patterns (involving grammatical collocation, complementation, and transitivity). Sixty-four learners in a US university ESL composition course were matched for vocabulary size and then randomly assigned to treatment and comparison groups in a learning management system. The SI treatment comprised multimedia presentations and a variety of ...