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Iowa State University

Instructional Media Design

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Full-Text Articles in Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason May 2018

Thinking In Hashtags: Exploring Teenagers’ New Literacies Practices On Twitter, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

This research investigates how three high school students in the USA developed new literacies practices through their participation in teenage Twitter. Data was collected from two sources, including archival data from participants’ Twitter over a two-year span, and semi-structured interviews. Results found that teenagers developed a number of practices that facilitated orientation to cultural conventions of teenage Twitter, helped them mobilize followers for participatory events, and led to reflective awareness of how to tell stories on Twitter. This study suggests that teenagers used the affordances of Twitter in order to craft multimodal narratives that are co-constructed, participatory, nonlinear, and emergent ...


Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham Jan 2017

Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For second language writing (SLW) instructors, decisions regarding technology-mediated feedback are particularly complex as they must also navigate student language proficiency, which may vary across different areas such as reading or listening. Yet technology-mediated feedback remains an underexplored realm in SLW especially with regard to how modes of technology affect feedback and how students interact with and understand it. With the expanding pervasiveness of video and increased access to screencasting (screen recording), SLW instructors have ever-growing access to video modes for feedback, yet little research to inform their choices. Further, with video potentially requiring substantial investment from institutions through hosting ...


A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati Jan 2016

A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teacher Development Programs (TDPs) in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) aim to develop teachers' knowledge as well as positive attitudes toward technology. Previous studies (Liu & Kelinsasser, 2015; Tai, 2015, 2013; Rienities, Brouwer, & Lygo-Baker, 2013; Wong & Benson, 2006; Chao, 2006; Hegelheimer, 2006; Yildirim, 2000) show that teachers develop their CALL technical pedagogical knowledge through participation in CALL TDPs. In addition to the development of their knowledge, teachers also increase their positive attitudes toward technology after CALL TDPs as revealed in previous studies such as Tai (2013); Kessler (2007); Hegelheimer (2006); Meskill, Anthony, Hilliker-VanStrander, Tseng, and You (2006), and Yildirim (2000). Regarding teachers' CALL knowledge, it is believed that ...


Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park Jan 2015

Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In response to growing concerns over aviation safety stemming from the limited command of aviation English by non-native English speaking practitioners, this study aimed to demonstrate the development process of aviation English test tasks in a virtual environment and investigate the validity for a task-based aviation English performance assessment in the context of Korean Army Aviation. In the current dissertation study, the development and validation of the VITAEA test were based on four inferences – domain description, evaluation, generalization, and explanation – and underlying assumptions in an interpretive argument that developed with reference to argument-based validity, evidence-centered design, target language use situation ...


A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu Jan 2015

A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Making explanations is a very important communicative function in academic literacy; several disciplines including science are dominated by causal explanations (Mohan & Slater, 2004; Slater, 2004; Wellington & Osborne, 2001). For academic success, students need to write about causes and effects well with the help of their instructors, which means that formative assessment of causal discourse is necessary (Slater & Mohan, 2010). However, manual evaluation of causal discourse is time-consuming and impractical for writing instructors. For this reason, automated evaluation of causal discourse, which current automated writing evaluation (AWE) systems cannot perform, is required. Addressing these needs, this dissertation aimed to develop an automated causal ...


The Potential Of Automatic Speech Recognition For Fostering Pronunciation Learners' Autonomy, Shannon Michelle Mccrocklin Jan 2014

The Potential Of Automatic Speech Recognition For Fostering Pronunciation Learners' Autonomy, Shannon Michelle Mccrocklin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite ESL students frequently reporting a need or desire to work on their pronunciation in English, pronunciation is often downgraded as a teaching goal and often pushed aside in favor of other skills (Kelly, 1969; Lang, Wang, Shen, & Wang, 2012). Students that want to practice outside of class are likely to feel at a loss because they struggle to monitor their own speech and may not be able to get the feedback necessary to make improvements to their pronunciation. Students need skills, strategies, and resources that will allow them to work on their pronunciation on their own, less reliant on ...


A Meta-Analysis Of Effectiveness Studies On Computer Technology-Supported Language Learning, Maja Grgurovic, Carol Chapelle, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2013

A Meta-Analysis Of Effectiveness Studies On Computer Technology-Supported Language Learning, Maja Grgurovic, Carol Chapelle, Mack C. Shelley

English Publications

With the aim of summarizing years of research comparing pedagogies for second/foreign language teaching supported with computer technology and pedagogy not-supported by computer technology, a meta-analysis was conducted of empirical research investigating language outcomes. Thirty-seven studies yielding 52 effect sizes were included, following a search of literature from 1970 to 2006 and screening of studies based on stated criteria. The differences in research designs required subdivision of studies, but overall results favored the technology-supported pedagogy, with a small, but positive and statistically significant effect size. Second/foreign language instruction supported by computer technology was found to be at least ...


Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser Jan 2008

Transforming Teacher Education To Support Multicultural Technology Pedagogy: An Assessment Of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs About Multiculturalism And Diversity, Audrey Denise Bowser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because schools are becoming increasingly diverse, a significant role of teacher preparation programs is to prepare its prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to help all students learn. In understanding the responsibility to prepare preservice teachers for working with diverse populations and implementing an effective multicultural curriculum, teacher education programs recognize the imperative that preservice teachers must be trained as technologically competent teachers who can skillfully integrate technology in culturally diverse classrooms. Within the context of teacher education, this research is rooted in social reconstructionist theory (Sleeter & Grant, 2003) based upon a critical multicultural conceptual framework interwoven with critical pedagogy (Freire, 1996; McLaren, 2003). This research study assessed preservice teachers' personal and professional ...


Learning English With The Sims: Exploiting Authentic Computer Simulation Games For L2 Learning, Jim Ranalli Jan 2008

Learning English With The Sims: Exploiting Authentic Computer Simulation Games For L2 Learning, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

With their realistic animation, complex scenarios and impressive interactivity, computer simulation games might be able to provide context-rich, cognitively engaging virtual environments for language learning. However, simulation games designed for L2 learners are in short supply. As an alternative, could games designed for the mass-market be enhanced with support materials to allow students to enter and make use of them for learning? This classroom-based investigation looked into whether the best selling game The SIMs™ could be rendered pedagogically beneficial to university-level ESL learners by means of supplementary materials designed to meet criteria for CALL task appropriateness. The mixed-methods study found ...


An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Technology Integration For Teaching And Learning Spanish In Elementary Schools: Voices Of Designers, Teachers And Students , Eduardo García Villada Jan 2006

Technology Integration For Teaching And Learning Spanish In Elementary Schools: Voices Of Designers, Teachers And Students , Eduardo García Villada

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A critical review of the literature on computer-assisted language learning (CALL) research between 1980 and 2005 indicates that no one in the field of foreign language at the elementary school (FLES) has identified what principles might be useful for practice-oriented CALL that is relevant for young learners, and that very little research had been published in the area. To fill this gap, a theoretical framework is proposed to design, evaluate, and use CALL materials for FLES, and the framework is tested in two studies.;The first was a phenomenological investigation of K-6 teachers' projects from a teachers' professional development program ...


This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray Jan 2006

This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim Jan 2006

The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of a computer-mediated (CM) interaction task on university level ESL learners' lexical development while doing collaborative dialogues using MSN instant messenger in non-native student to non-native student (NNS-NNS) dyads. Specifically, the study examined the learners' interaction by looking at MSN messenger scripts to find the negotiation routines. Also, the mean pre-test and two post-test scores were compared to assess the acquisition of new lexical items. This study investigated whether the learners used an online dictionary and whether they selected the most appropriate words in the given context. The participants were 10 (6 male, 4 female ...


Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros Jan 2005

Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti Jan 2005

Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur Jan 2004

Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Concordancing in the classroom is fairly a new approach which has emerged with the use of corpora in language learning. In a concordance, language is presented in natural setting; learners are able to examine a key word in the context of a string of sentences which can exemplify the use of that particular word. Learners need not rely heavily on their teachers or their own intuition as they can explore specific language features from the vast amount of information in the corpora. Vocabulary knowledge acquired from a concordance can be transferred to novel texts (Cobb, 1999) to enhance student writing ...


Parallel Concordancing: Are There Benefits For Intermediate Learners? , Eric Peter Bodin Jan 2002

Parallel Concordancing: Are There Benefits For Intermediate Learners? , Eric Peter Bodin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Integration Of Call In The Esl Classroom: Reconciling Agendas , Faiza Derbel Jan 2002

The Integration Of Call In The Esl Classroom: Reconciling Agendas , Faiza Derbel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Motivational Aspects Of Concordance Activities: The Impact Of Call In The Classroom, Michael Scott Conner Jan 2002

Motivational Aspects Of Concordance Activities: The Impact Of Call In The Classroom, Michael Scott Conner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Influence On Outcomes Of Esl Students' Performance Strategies On A Call Listening Comprehension Activity, Chui Kian Kon Jan 2002

The Influence On Outcomes Of Esl Students' Performance Strategies On A Call Listening Comprehension Activity, Chui Kian Kon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In light of technological advances, listening activities are increasingly being offered online, and with increasing authenticity in terms of how the tasks reflect activities beyond the classroom setting. Specifically, this study investigates the effectiveness of a CALL listening comprehension activity using an online videotaped academic lecture to promote incidental vocabulary acquisition and listening comprehension. The tasks consist of partial dictation pretest, posttest and delayed posttest, and ten multiple-choice listening comprehension questions respectively. The academic lecture is also part of an ESL Listening course. Thus, it is important that, firstly, we evaluate the effectiveness of the CALL activity for vocabulary acquisition ...


The Relationship Of Notetaking To Listening Comprehension In The English Placement Test, Qian Xie Jan 2002

The Relationship Of Notetaking To Listening Comprehension In The English Placement Test, Qian Xie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The thesis is a validation study of the English Placement Test at Iowa State University, which explores the relationship of note taking to test performance. The researcher adopts both qualitative and quantitative approaches to analyzing the quality of lecture notes in relation to second language academic listening comprehension. Subjects are forty international college students who took the English Placement Test in January 2002 and their notes from the English Placement Test are assessed on three aspects that include structure, information units and note taking strategies. Correlation analysis and item analysis are conducted to investigate the relationship of the quality of ...


Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips Jan 2000

Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Demographic trends indicate that the nation's school population is increasing in its percentage of children of color, while the teacher education students are largely European American women from rural areas. Additionally, these teacher education students have little experience with, or knowledge of diverse cultures. It is against this backdrop that a 1999 federal study revealed that "teaching students from diverse cultural backgrounds" and "using technology in the classroom" were areas for which neither new teachers nor veterans felt well-prepared (U.S. Department of Education, 1999). These major revelations highlight the need for teacher education programs to implement program changes ...


Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter Jan 2000

Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to national and international agendas of globalization, a number of educators are exploring the integration of multicultural education and computer-mediated communication (CMC) as a promising practice for meeting requests of educational reform. The popular belief is that the cause and goals of multicultural education can be served by CMC, due to its ability to foster access to and cultivate the development of previously unavailable, dynamic, self-sustaining learning communities. While this practice is predicted to continue, currently research in this area is sparse and existing research leaves much to question about the validity of the practice;Seeking to gain ...


Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call): The Effect Of Esl Students' Use Of Interactional Modifications On Listening Comprehension , Jing-Fong Jane Hsu Jan 1994

Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call): The Effect Of Esl Students' Use Of Interactional Modifications On Listening Comprehension , Jing-Fong Jane Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Theory and research on second language acquisition (SLA) indicates that modification in the interactions between second language (L2) students and native speakers may have a positive influence on their acquisition of language (Long, 1983; Allright, 1991; Larsen-Freeman & Long, 1991). However, there is not enough opportunity for interactional modifications in the L2 classroom because there is only one native speaker for many students, making it impossible for teachers to engage in numerous interactional modifications with individual students.;CALL developers claim that CALL offers an environment in which an L2 student can participate in interactive learning (Ahmad, 1985; Kenning, 1990). In particular some computer software provides comprehension tools which allow L2 students to request modification of the input they receive in order to aid their comprehension. In theory, such tools are ideal for SLA; however, in practice, little is known about ...


Authoring System For Courseware Development: What Should Beginners Look For?, Carol Chapelle, Joan Jamieson Jan 1986

Authoring System For Courseware Development: What Should Beginners Look For?, Carol Chapelle, Joan Jamieson

English Publications

This paper is an introduction to courseware authoring systems, which are defined as software devised for an instructional environment that simplifies courseware development. The process of courseware authoring is described as consisting of two basic elements: computer and lesson. These two elements are further subdivided and the use of authoring systems to simplify each of these subcomponents is described. Suggestions are made for educators who are considering authoring systems to be used to develop courseware.


The Effect Of Instructional Media On The Composition Skills Of Eleventh Graders, Lynn M. Mcgreevey Jan 1984

The Effect Of Instructional Media On The Composition Skills Of Eleventh Graders, Lynn M. Mcgreevey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.