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'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers Jan 2020

'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Participation in adequate levels of physical activity during the early years is important for health and development. We report the 6-month effects of an 18-month multicomponent intervention on physical activity in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in low-income communities. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 43 ECEC settings in disadvantaged areas of New South Wales, Australia. Three-year-old children were recruited and assessed in the first half of 2015 with follow-up 6 months later. The intervention was guided by Social Cognitive Theory and included five components. The primary outcome was minutes per hour in total …


The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami Jan 2020

The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Breast cancer care is a leading area for development of artificial intelligence (AI), with applications including screening and diagnosis, risk calculation, prognostication and clinical decision-support, management planning, and precision medicine. We review the ethical, legal and social implications of these developments. We consider the values encoded in algorithms, the need to evaluate outcomes, and issues of bias and transferability, data ownership, confidentiality and consent, and legal, moral and professional responsibility. We consider potential effects for patients, including on trust in healthcare, and provide some social science explanations for the apparent rush to implement AI solutions. We conclude by anticipating future …


The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke Jan 2020

The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research has shown that consistent stereoscopic information improves the vection (i.e. illusions of self-motion) induced in stationary observers. This study investigates the effects of placing stereoscopic information into direct conflict with monocular motion signals by swapping the observer's left and right eye views to reverse disparity. Experiments compared the vection induced by stereo-consistent, stereo-reversed and flat-stereo patterns of: (1) same-size optic flow, which contained monocular motion perspective information about self-motion, and (2) changing-size optic flow, which provided additional monocular information about motion-in-depth based on local changes in object image sizes. As expected, consistent stereoscopic information improved the vection-in-depth induced by …


Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson Jan 2020

Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 Elsevier B.V. The World Health Organization's End TB Strategy aims to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2050. Low-burden countries such as Australia are targeted for early elimination (2035), which will require an increase in the intensity and scope of case finding and treatment of people with latent TB infection (LTBI). Because 80 % of TB disease in Australia occurs in metropolitan Sydney (New South Wales) and Melbourne (Victoria), the commitment to move towards elimination has major implications for TB programs in these jurisdictions. We report on a case study analysis that compares and contrasts key attributes of each of these …


Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Walking City Streets: Spatial Qualities, Spatial Justice, And Democratising Impulses, Elaine Stratford, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada Jan 2020

Walking City Streets: Spatial Qualities, Spatial Justice, And Democratising Impulses, Elaine Stratford, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The information, practices and views in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG). 2019 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers). Walking fosters self-efficacy, empathy, and connection, and large and small democratic actions. Such capacity seems especially the case when walking is attended by certain spatial qualities that engender, for instance, physical accessibility, a capacity to socialise, a sense of safety, or a pleasing aesthetic. Sometimes, adverse spatial alternatives dominate and then - at very least - indifference seems to loom large and spatial …


Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

I remember brushing my teeth over the green enamel sink. I would gaze out the window at a prominent grandmother and ponder her age. This grandmother had soft pink skin, smooth and dimpled, and incredible curves that burled in places. She stood at least 25 metres tall. She was one of the sentinel trees which stood strong on the property where I grew up in Colo Heights, northwest of Sydney, at the edge of Darkinjung Country. Belonging to the Angophora costata family, she, like me, is part of human and non-human kinship networks that connect us with Country. To begin …


Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years were recently developed. To maximize the uptake of the guidelines, perceptions of key stakeholders were sought. Methods: Thirty-five stakeholders (11% Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent) participated in focus groups or key informant interviews. Stakeholders included parents of children aged 0-5 years, early childhood educators, and health and policy professionals, recruited using convenience and snowballing techniques. Focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed inductively using thematic analysis. Results: There was general acceptance of the Movement Guidelines. The stakeholders suggested that the Guidelines were highly aspirational and …


'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) tends to decline during late childhood and adolescence. In Australia, this decline has been shown to occur particularly in non-organized PA (e.g. active play and informal sport). Using a social marketing approach, segments of youth may be identified and targeted based on their profile of alternative activities that compete with non-organized PA during the transition to adolescence. The objectives of this study were to identify and describe segments of youth whose participation in non-organized PA declined between 11 and 13 years, based on changes in other potential competing activities during this period. METHODS: Data were sourced …


Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: The impact of declining physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents globally prompted the development of national and international physical activity guidelines. This research aims to systematically identify and compare national and international physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents and appraise the quality of the guidelines to promote best practice in guideline development. Methods: This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) and reported using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Only national, or international physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour guidelines were included in …


Everyday Practices And Activities To Improve Pre-School Self-Regulation: Cluster Rct Evaluation Of The Prsist Program, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Marijka Batterham, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett Jan 2020

Everyday Practices And Activities To Improve Pre-School Self-Regulation: Cluster Rct Evaluation Of The Prsist Program, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Marijka Batterham, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Preschool Situational Self-Regulation Toolkit (PRSIST) Program was developed as a low-cost and embedded approach for educators to foster pre-schoolers' self-regulation and related abilities (e.g., executive function, school readiness). This study reports on a cluster RCT study with 50 Australian pre-school services to evaluate the effectiveness of the PRSIST Program for improving children's self-regulation, executive function and school readiness, compared to current routine practice. Pre-school centers were recruited to reflect the breadth of geography, pedagogical quality, and socio-economic catchment areas across the early childhood education and care sector. All children identified as in their final year of pre-school education at …


Guest Editorial. 2020 Special Issue: Enabling Excellence Through Equity, Pranit Anand, Jacinta M. Mcnamara, Liz Thomas Jan 2020

Guest Editorial. 2020 Special Issue: Enabling Excellence Through Equity, Pranit Anand, Jacinta M. Mcnamara, Liz Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Enabling Excellence through Equity Conference 2019 was held at the University of Wollongong, Australia from 24th to 27th November 2019. This was a combined biennial conference for the National Association of Enabling Educators of Australia (NAEEA) and the Equity Practitioners in Higher Education in Australasia (EPHEA). The Conference attracted higher education educators, practitioners and researchers from around the world involved in enabling education, widening participation and pathways to higher education, and equity initiatives that promote access to higher education. This special issue contains a selection of the papers as selected by the guest editors Dr Pranit Anand, Jacinta McNamara …


Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

It's not easy to change career paths, but it is something that teachers often consider after working in one field for many years. This can mean a return to study, but as Adult Education experts have noted, older learners usually face some specific barriers in returning to school that younger learners do not, and sometimes these barriers prevent them from trying. And if you are a mother, like I am, even going to a conference can be difficult. This is my story of the challenges I faced in returning to study, and of the people who helped me to overcome …


Shared And Distinct Resting Functional Connectivity In Children And Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Xiaojie Guo, Dongren Yao, Qingjiu Cao, Lu Liu, Qihua Zhao, Hui Li, Fang Huang, Yanfei Wang, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Vince Calhoun, Stuart J. Johnstone, Jing Sui, Li Sun Jan 2020

Shared And Distinct Resting Functional Connectivity In Children And Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Xiaojie Guo, Dongren Yao, Qingjiu Cao, Lu Liu, Qihua Zhao, Hui Li, Fang Huang, Yanfei Wang, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Vince Calhoun, Stuart J. Johnstone, Jing Sui, Li Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020, The Author(s). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, with a shift of symptoms including less hyperactivity/impulsivity and more co-morbidity of affective disorders in ADHDadult. Many studies have questioned the stability in diagnosing of ADHD from childhood to adulthood, and the shared and distinct aberrant functional connectivities (FCs) between ADHDchild and ADHDadult remain unidentified. We aim to explore shared and distinct FC patterns in ADHDchild and ADHDadult, and further investigated the cross-cohort predictability using the identified FCs. After investigating the ADHD-discriminative FCs from healthy controls (HCs) in both child (34 ADHDchild, 28 HCs) and adult (112 ADHDadult,77 HCs) cohorts, …


The First 250 Ms Of Auditory Processing: No Evidence Of Early Processing Negativity In The Go/Nogo Task, Jack Fogarty, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Steiner Jan 2020

The First 250 Ms Of Auditory Processing: No Evidence Of Early Processing Negativity In The Go/Nogo Task, Jack Fogarty, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Steiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020, The Author(s). Past evidence of an early Processing Negativity in auditory Go/NoGo event-related potential (ERP) data suggests that young adults proactively process sensory information in two-choice tasks. This study aimed to clarify the occurrence of Go/NoGo Processing Negativity and investigate the ERP component series related to the first 250 ms of auditory processing in two Go/NoGo tasks differing in target probability. ERP data related to each task were acquired from 60 healthy young adults (M = 20.4, SD = 3.1 years). Temporal principal components analyses were used to decompose ERP data in each task. Statistical analyses compared component amplitudes …


Beyond The Conference: Singing Our Ssong, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Marian Mccarthy, Ashley B. Akenson, Briony Supple, Jacinta C. Mckeon, James Cronin Jan 2020

Beyond The Conference: Singing Our Ssong, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Marian Mccarthy, Ashley B. Akenson, Briony Supple, Jacinta C. Mckeon, James Cronin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL) annual conference presents an exciting opportunity to meet with international colleagues from diverse backgrounds and situations to commune on our common interest in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL). As with every ISSOTL conference, the enthusiasm for SoTL was palpable in Los Angeles in 2016. Rich discussions took place, networks were formed, and promises to keep in touch were made. Unfortunately, previous conference experiences have taught us that these good intentions often fall short once the conference bubble has burst and the reality of daily life sets in …


Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway Jan 2020

Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This project set out to understand and support the integration of evidence-based, effective screening, risk assessment and first-line response to domestic violence (DV) into the complex system of antenatal care. It built on existing resources and research to focus on women assessed as currently in "lower risk" situations, who are often not in contact with DV services but attended health services for pregnancy.


Wholegrain And Legume Consumption And The 5-Year Incidence Of Age-Related Cataract In The Blue Mountains Eye Study, Ava Tan, Victoria Flood, Annette Kifley, Joanna Russell, Robert Cumming, Paul Mitchell, Jie Wang Jan 2020

Wholegrain And Legume Consumption And The 5-Year Incidence Of Age-Related Cataract In The Blue Mountains Eye Study, Ava Tan, Victoria Flood, Annette Kifley, Joanna Russell, Robert Cumming, Paul Mitchell, Jie Wang

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Authors 2020. The present study aims to investigate the effect of wholegrain and legume consumption on the incidence of age-related cataract in an older Australian population-based cohort. The Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES) is a population-based cohort study of eye diseases among older adults aged 49 years or older (1992-1994, n=3654). Of 2334 participants of the second examination of the BMES (BMES 2, 1997-2000), 1541 (78.3% of survivors) were examined 5 years later (BMES 3) who had wholegrain and legume consumption estimated from the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at BMES 2. Cataract was assessed using photos taken during examinations …


Changes In Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour And Sleep Across The Transition From Primary To Secondary School: A Systematic Review, Kar Hau Chong, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff, Byron Kemp, Zhiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Changes In Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour And Sleep Across The Transition From Primary To Secondary School: A Systematic Review, Kar Hau Chong, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff, Byron Kemp, Zhiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives: To describe how children's time spent in the 24-h movement behaviours of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleep change, individually and collectively, across the transition from primary to secondary school. Design: Systematic review. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched from January 1990 to May 2019. Eligibility criteria included longitudinal studies reporting time spent in PA, SB and/or sleep, with baseline assessments conducted during the last two years of primary school and at least one follow-up during the first two years of secondary school. For studies reporting only SB, this review considered those published from November 2015 onwards …


Effects Of An Acute Physical Activity Break On Test Anxiety And Math Test Performance, Myrto F. Mavilidi, Kim Ouwehand, Nicholas Riley, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas Jan 2020

Effects Of An Acute Physical Activity Break On Test Anxiety And Math Test Performance, Myrto F. Mavilidi, Kim Ouwehand, Nicholas Riley, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Test anxiety has been found to negatively affect students' mental health and academic performance. A primary explanation for this is that anxiety‐related thoughts occupy working memory resources during testing that cannot be used for test‐related processes (such as information retrieval and problem‐solving). The present intervention study investigated whether physical activity could decrease anxiety levels and improve maths test performance in sixth‐grade children. Methods: Sixty‐eight children of 11-12 years from two primary schools in New South Wales, Australia were categorised as low or high anxious from their scores on a trait‐anxiety questionnaire. After this assessment, they were randomly assigned to …


Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh Jan 2020

Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Several countries have released movement guidelines for children under 5 that incorporate guidelines for sleep, physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study examines prospective associations of preschool children's compliance with the 24-Hour Australian movement guidelines (sleep, physical activity, screen time) and physiological, psychosocial and educational outcomes during primary school. METHODS: Data were from the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years Study (Melbourne, Australia; n = 471; 3-5 years; 2008/9). Follow-ups occurred at 3 (2011/12; 6-8 years), 6 (2014/15; 9-11 years) and 7 (2016; 10-12 years) years post baseline. Multiple regression models assessed associations between compliance with guidelines at baseline …


Loneliness Among People With Substance Use Problems: A Narrative Systematic Review, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Melvin Goh, Dayle Raftery, Genevieve A. Dingle Jan 2020

Loneliness Among People With Substance Use Problems: A Narrative Systematic Review, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Melvin Goh, Dayle Raftery, Genevieve A. Dingle

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Issues: Despite the serious implications of loneliness on health and wellbeing, little is understood about this experience across people with substance use problems. This systematic review aimed to examine: (i) correlates and predictors of loneliness; (ii) theories underpinning loneliness; (iii) methods employed to measure loneliness; and (iv) loneliness interventions for people with substance use problems. Approach: Empirical sources were identified from key databases for all publications preceding February 2019. Overall, 41 studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Key Findings: Findings from this review suggest that loneliness …


Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright Jan 2020

Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Indonesia has recently indicated it is considering investigating the killings of hundreds of thousands of people in the 1965 "anti-communist" purge under authoritarian leader Suharto. If the inquiry goes ahead, it would mark a shift in the government's long-standing failure to address past atrocities. It is unclear if they will include other acts of brutality alleged to have been committed by the Indonesian regime in the troubled region of West Papua.


A Stepped Wedge Trial Of Efficacy And Scalability Of A Virtual Clinical Pharmacy Service (Vcps) In Rural And Remote Nsw Health Facilities, Julaine M. Allan, Shannon Nott, Brett Chambers, Ged Hawthorn, Alice Munro, Chris Doran, Christopher Oldmeadow, Clare Coleman, Teesta Saksena Jan 2020

A Stepped Wedge Trial Of Efficacy And Scalability Of A Virtual Clinical Pharmacy Service (Vcps) In Rural And Remote Nsw Health Facilities, Julaine M. Allan, Shannon Nott, Brett Chambers, Ged Hawthorn, Alice Munro, Chris Doran, Christopher Oldmeadow, Clare Coleman, Teesta Saksena

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Author(s). Background: Medication errors are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Clinical pharmacy services provided in hospital can reduce medication errors and medication related harm. However, few rural or remote hospitals in Australia have a clinical pharmacy service. This study will evaluate a virtual clinical pharmacy service (VCPS) provided via telehealth to eight rural and remote hospitals in NSW, Australia. Methods: A stepped wedge cluster randomised trial design will use routinely collected data from patients' electronic medical records (n = 2080) to evaluate the VCPS at eight facilities. The sequence of steps is randomised, allowing for control …


Effects Of Spatial Distance On The Effectiveness Of Mental And Physical Integration Strategies In Learning From Split-Attention Examples, Bjorn De Koning, Gertjan Rop, Fred Paas Jan 2020

Effects Of Spatial Distance On The Effectiveness Of Mental And Physical Integration Strategies In Learning From Split-Attention Examples, Bjorn De Koning, Gertjan Rop, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Learning from spatially separated text and pictures is improved when learners are instructed to use a physical or mental integration strategy. This study investigated whether varying the spatial distance between text and pictures affects the effectiveness of physical and mental integration strategies. We hypothesized that a larger spatial distance would increase cognitive load and harm learning. Ninety-two university students studied the functioning of an electrical circuit from text and pictures that were presented at a small or large spatial distance from each other, while using a physical or mental integration strategy during learning. Results indicated that participants using the mental …


Project-Based Learning Groups Of Friends And Acquaintances: The Role Of Efficacy Beliefs, Jose Hanham, John Mccormick, Adam Hendry Jan 2020

Project-Based Learning Groups Of Friends And Acquaintances: The Role Of Efficacy Beliefs, Jose Hanham, John Mccormick, Adam Hendry

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This school-based study explored the role of collective and proxy efficacy beliefs in the performances of project-based learning teams comprising friends and acquaintances. Participants were 162 male students in Grade 8 who attended a Catholic high school, located in Sydney, Australia. Students were organized into 20 acquaintance groups and 21 friendship groups. Each group comprised 4 students who were completing project-based learning assignments in Geography, Religious Studies, and English. Data were self-reports and teacher-assessed group performance scores. Data collection occurred three times over a five-week period. Multilevel modeling was used to examine relationships between variables in the study. Statistically significant …


“I Think That’S My Job”: What Motivates Teachers To Partner With Teacher Educators In Ite?, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Sharon K. Tindall-Ford Jan 2020

“I Think That’S My Job”: What Motivates Teachers To Partner With Teacher Educators In Ite?, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Sharon K. Tindall-Ford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Policymakers and researchers internationally have advocated school–university partnerships as an innovative means of strengthening initial teacher education (ITE) through the integration of theory and practice. These partnerships provide valuable learning opportunities for the pre-service teachers, in-service teachers, university teacher educators, and school students involved. While there has been ample literature discussing the implementation and benefits of school–university partnerships, there is currently a paucity of research investigating what motivates teachers’ involvement in these collaborations. This chapter provides a local response to this research gap by presenting an Australian-based case study. Informed by the Reasoned Action Approach (Fishbein & Ajzen, 2010), this …


The Perceptions And Usage Of Alcohol And Other Drugs In Middle Eastern And Burmese Refugee Communities Across The Illawarra And Shoalhaven Region, Jioji Ravulo, Dianne Woods, Lance R. Barrie, Joseph Abdo Jan 2020

The Perceptions And Usage Of Alcohol And Other Drugs In Middle Eastern And Burmese Refugee Communities Across The Illawarra And Shoalhaven Region, Jioji Ravulo, Dianne Woods, Lance R. Barrie, Joseph Abdo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

People from a refugee background experience intersecting challenges which predisposes them to a heightened risk of alcohol and other drugs (AOD) related harms. Despite AOD service staff being conscious of increased risks regarding substance usage, there remains pivotal inextricable differences amongst the way cultures and subcultures conceptualise and relate to substance usage. This may be evident for refugee populations that have to navigate through the experiences of displacement, resettlement, and the acculturation process. Despite refugee populations being at risk for AOD harm, the services available for support remain under utilised. As a result, this can highlight discrepancies within the knowledge(s) …


Methodological Challenges In Deliberative Empirical Ethics, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2020

Methodological Challenges In Deliberative Empirical Ethics, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Biopedagogies And Family Life: A Social Class Perspective, Lisette Burrows, Jan Wright Jan 2020

Biopedagogies And Family Life: A Social Class Perspective, Lisette Burrows, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In this chapter we draw on our work with young people and families to explore the utility of poststructural theoretical resources in understanding engagement with health imperatives. While we suggest that concepts like biopedagogies, discourse and subjectivity (amongst others) usefully frame our research, we also focus on what cannot be thought/understood with these resources alone. We explore how the complexity of family life, the ways culture, class and biopedagogies of the body intersect in ‘real’ lives and the translation of school-based health messages to home environs may require alternate theories.