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Full-Text Articles in Other American Studies

Undercover Heroines: The Role Of Women In The Oss, Alexander Pearson Jun 2021

Undercover Heroines: The Role Of Women In The Oss, Alexander Pearson

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

Women played significant roles in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II. Aline Griffith’s memoir The Spy Wore Red: My Adventures as an Undercover Agent in World War II recounts her work in preparation for the southern invasion of France following D-day, known as Operation Dragoon. Other written accounts from other female agents indicate that the leadership in Washington wanted women to fulfill traditional gender roles. For example, William J. Donovan stated that women in the OSS should be “behind desks and filing cases in Washington, invisible apron strings of an organization which touched every theater ...


“Fortunate Art”: Short-Writing And Two Of Its Practitioners In Colonial New England, David Powers May 2021

“Fortunate Art”: Short-Writing And Two Of Its Practitioners In Colonial New England, David Powers

Sermon Studies

Following the publication of Timothie Bright’s Characterie: An Art of shorte, swifte and secrete writing by Character in 1588, a spate of books on shorthand appeared in England. This technology echoed long-forgotten methods which had developed centuries before, while providing fresh techniques for composing and recording spoken speech. From their very beginnings these new systems proved especially applicable to religious purposes, though they also found academic, legal, and governmental applications. Clergy from those centuries left hundreds of “short-writing” manuscripts which are as yet untranscribed.

This article describes the principles behind “short-writing” as exemplified in two major systems in use ...


The “Age Of Rock” Versus The “Rock Of Ages”: Naturalism, Social Darwinism, And Fundamentalism In The Scopes Monkey Trial, Bessie Blackburn May 2021

The “Age Of Rock” Versus The “Rock Of Ages”: Naturalism, Social Darwinism, And Fundamentalism In The Scopes Monkey Trial, Bessie Blackburn

CULTURE & CRISIS: Reconciling Constitutionalism & Federalism in a Time of Crisis

Greek mythology once predominated the highest forms of culture known to man. Myths of how fire came to be in the hands of humans, or how the peacock got its spotted feathers were beloved cultural tales of origins.[1] With the decline of the ancient cultures, new ones blossomed in their place. However, the question of origin has remained a pertinent, central question of each culture, no matter how modern. The question of origin dictates who a person believes himself to be, where he believes himself to be going, and what he believes himself to be doing. The question of ...


Endless Scrolling: Technology, (Dis)Connection, And Place In Times Of Covid-19, Felecia Glover May 2021

Endless Scrolling: Technology, (Dis)Connection, And Place In Times Of Covid-19, Felecia Glover

Master of Arts in American Studies Capstones

The COVID-19 pandemic created sudden ruptures in the ways many people connected with one another in their day to day lives. Though experiences differed, many turned to communication technology as a means to continue to connect despite COVID restrictions. For some this meant learning to collaborate with coworkers through a screen, while for others it allowed for a sense of closeness with those at a great geographical distance. For many, the seemingly separate spheres of the work, home, and social life all began to take place in one physical, and many virtual, spaces. Though it allows for a smoother transition ...


May 2021, Temple Shalom May 2021

May 2021, Temple Shalom

Newsletter Archive

No abstract provided.


Addressing Maternal Mortality Rates Of Black Women In The Us: California's Example, Selah Laigo May 2021

Addressing Maternal Mortality Rates Of Black Women In The Us: California's Example, Selah Laigo

Humanities & Cultural Studies | Senior Theses

This essay examines California’s legislation, activism, and the role of women’s clinics in serving Black communities in the fight against maternal mortality. Maternal mortality is a death related to pregnancy or childbirth. In the United States, maternal mortality rates have been increasing since the beginning of the 21st century and there is a significant racial disparity with Black women being at greater risk. Despite national rates increasing, California has managed to decrease maternal mortality rates (MMR) since the early 2000s by adopting legislation and policies that work to decrease preventable deaths, multidisciplinary maternity care for the protection of ...


The Iran Hostage Crisis: A Media Narrative, Catherine Claire Hausman May 2021

The Iran Hostage Crisis: A Media Narrative, Catherine Claire Hausman

Honors Theses

The Iran Hostage Crisis, from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, was a defining moment in American foreign policy and US – Iranian relations. The news media – local and national newspapers and television – was saturated with coverage of the situation in Tehran and the subsequent US reaction. Americans watched the news over the 444 days, feeling sympathy and forging a collective national bond with the hostages; the international conflict was deeply personal for many Americans. The media played a central role in the establishment of the narrative of the hostage crisis, developing specific roles and personas of the United States ...


Art And Aids: Viral Strategies For Visibility, Stephen Baylor Pillow Apr 2021

Art And Aids: Viral Strategies For Visibility, Stephen Baylor Pillow

Honors Theses

“Art & AIDS: Viral Strategies for Visibility” examines the complex relationships between social stigma, healthcare, homophobia, and mortality, and how these impacted the lives of Western artists and manifested in their works. Most of the art discussed in this thesis was produced during the height of the AIDS crisis (late-1980s to mid-1990s). During this period, gay artists and their allies employed new strategies in their work to inspire activism, and convey intense emotions –– predominantly frustration, grief, and anxiety –– associated with HIV/AIDS. In the U.S., the inaction of the Reagan administration was largely due to widespread homophobia kindled by reinvigorated ...


April 2021, Temple Shalom Apr 2021

April 2021, Temple Shalom

Newsletter Archive

No abstract provided.


Scripted Realities: Representations Of Autism In Hollywood And Their Effect On Public Discourse, Jessica Jones Apr 2021

Scripted Realities: Representations Of Autism In Hollywood And Their Effect On Public Discourse, Jessica Jones

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Grief Work With The Philly Death Doula Collective: An Oral History Project, Leo L. Williams Mar 2021

Grief Work With The Philly Death Doula Collective: An Oral History Project, Leo L. Williams

Oral Histories HIST300, Spring 2021

On March 25th, 2021 a Master’s student in American Studies (Leo Williams) at the University of New Mexico met with the Philly Death Doula Collective over Zoom. The current members of the collective are Lori Zaspel, Kai Wonder, and Nicki Cowan, social workers, and Death Doulas living in Philadelphia. In this oral history interview, the collective speaks to their vision of death care infrastructure, their goals and services as a collective, how COVID-19 has affected them, and their relationship to death positive activism.


March 2021, Temple Shalom Mar 2021

March 2021, Temple Shalom

Newsletter Archive

No abstract provided.


Filipina Caregivers And The Colonial Construction Of Their Identities In The U.S., Ashlee Monton Feb 2021

Filipina Caregivers And The Colonial Construction Of Their Identities In The U.S., Ashlee Monton

Pathways: A Journal of Humanistic and Social Inquiry

Existing literature has noted how a disproportionate percentage of Filipina women are employed in personal care and service positions, especially within caregiving positions (Ezquerra, 2007). Their relative invisibility and lack of access to adequate economic and labor protections potentially feeds into a black market of caregiving positions (Ezquerra, 2007). Due to their precarious status, these women are vulnerable to exploitation, abuse, and various types of harassment. While globalization certainly plays a role in Filipina women’s participation within this labor sector, this study explores the concept that colonial gender hierarchies are being reinforced through Philippine media, thus affecting how Filipina ...


Priscilla Layne. White Rebels In Black: German Appropriation Of Black Popular Culture. U Of Michigan P, 2018., Mona Eikel-Pohen Feb 2021

Priscilla Layne. White Rebels In Black: German Appropriation Of Black Popular Culture. U Of Michigan P, 2018., Mona Eikel-Pohen

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Priscilla Layne. White Rebels in Black: German Appropriation of Black Popular Culture. U of Michigan P, 2018. ix + 259 pp.


February 2021, Temple Shalom Feb 2021

February 2021, Temple Shalom

Newsletter Archive

No abstract provided.


Motifs In Motion: An Iconographic Evaluation Of Spiro Engraved Production And Distribution Between The Northern And Southern Caddo Areas, Shawn P. Lambert Jan 2021

Motifs In Motion: An Iconographic Evaluation Of Spiro Engraved Production And Distribution Between The Northern And Southern Caddo Areas, Shawn P. Lambert

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Spiro Engraved, characterized by restricted set of curvilinear motifs, is viewed as one of the ceramic hallmarks of the Early Caddo period (A.D. 950-1150). Spatial variation in Spiro Engraved vessels has been well-documented through various provenance and stylistic studies across the northern and southern Caddo areas. However, almost no analyses of Spiro Engraved vessels have considered variation in motif occurrence and expression between the northern and southern Caddo areas. In this study, I review the most robust and comprehensive sample of Spiro Engraved vessels throughout the Caddo world to understand motif variation within the region. The results show that ...


The Dutch Atlantic And American Life: Beginnings Of America In Colonial New Netherland, Roy J. Geraci Jan 2021

The Dutch Atlantic And American Life: Beginnings Of America In Colonial New Netherland, Roy J. Geraci

Theses

The Dutch colony of New Netherland was one of the earliest attempts at a non-indigenous life on the east coast of North America. That colony, along with the United Provinces of the Netherlands and Dutch Atlantic as a whole, played crucial roles in the development of what would become the United States. This thesis project examines the significance New Netherland held in American history as well as explores topics which allow for new and inclusive narratives of that history to reach further exploration. Similarly to how individuals from various cultures, ethnicities, and backgrounds all come to exist amongst one another ...


The Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, And History Bibliography Of The Caddo Indian Peoples Of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, And Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Duncan Mckinnon, Scott Hammerstedt Jan 2021

The Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, And History Bibliography Of The Caddo Indian Peoples Of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, And Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Duncan Mckinnon, Scott Hammerstedt

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, and History Bibliography of the Caddo Indian Peoples of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.


Ann M. Early’S Contributions To Caddo Archeology, George Sabo Iii, Mary Beth Trubitt, Kathy Cande Jan 2021

Ann M. Early’S Contributions To Caddo Archeology, George Sabo Iii, Mary Beth Trubitt, Kathy Cande

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Following a 48-year career at the Arkansas Archeological Survey, Dr. Ann M. Early retired in June 2020. In this short essay, we highlight her extensive contributions to the archeology of the Caddo area and her research on the culture history of the Caddo people in and south of the Ouachita Mountains.


Digitizing Gilcrease Museum’S Lemley Collection: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives From Native Artists And Scholars, Jesse Nowak, Diana Folsom Jan 2021

Digitizing Gilcrease Museum’S Lemley Collection: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives From Native Artists And Scholars, Jesse Nowak, Diana Folsom

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In 2014, The Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art received a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) to fund a project that created a multidisciplinary, searchable online catalogue of ancient Mississippian and Caddo ceramic vessels, the largest of its kind to date. This paper provides a summary of the history of the Lemley collection, its contributions to Caddo archaeology, and the development of the digitization program at the Gilcrease Museum. This work also highlights the major contributions made through the collaborative effort between museum experts, Native American artists, tribal representatives, and Dr. Ann Early ...


Investigating A Caddo Mound Site In The Ouachita River Valley, Mary Beth Trubitt, Jami J. Lockhart, Vanessa N. Hanvey Jan 2021

Investigating A Caddo Mound Site In The Ouachita River Valley, Mary Beth Trubitt, Jami J. Lockhart, Vanessa N. Hanvey

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archeologists from the Natural Resources Conservation Service and Arkansas Archeological Survey employed multiple techniques to investigate a newly recorded mound site (3DA673) in the Ouachita River valley in southern Arkansas. Topographic mapping documented a large two-stage mound. Geophysical surveying around the mound revealed anomalies in the gradiometry and resistance data, and soil coring detailed floodplain soils. A test unit was excavated in a large circular anomaly that corresponded to a low topographic rise north of the main mound. While very few artifacts were found, a burned zone and a post mold feature suggest the anomaly was a burned structure covered ...


Fluvial Sequencing And Caddo Landform Modification At The Crenshaw Site (3mi6), John R. Samuelsen, Margaret Guccione Jan 2021

Fluvial Sequencing And Caddo Landform Modification At The Crenshaw Site (3mi6), John R. Samuelsen, Margaret Guccione

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Red River in southwest Arkansas creates a changing environment that has had a large impact on those who lived there, including floods, channel movements, and the erosion of whole landforms. River movements, and the resulting oxbow lakes, create an environment favorable to fishing. This study uses historical documents, lidar data, and coring methods to sequence past river movements around a multiple-mound Caddo ceremonial center, the Crenshaw site. This information is used to determine the likely location of the Red River at the time the ancient Caddo constructed the mounds and to note where portions of the ancient site may ...


Someone’S Best Friend: Caddo And The Dìitsi’, Duncan P. Mckinnon Jan 2021

Someone’S Best Friend: Caddo And The Dìitsi’, Duncan P. Mckinnon

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The special relationship that humans share with Canis familiaris (Caddo: dìitsi’) is the result of a long history of cohabitation with a high degree of variability in the role of dogs. In this paper, I present an inventory of dog burials documented in the Caddo Archaeological Area, consider symbolic dog representations in material culture, and examine Caddo ethnographic accounts that document human-canine interactions. Results reveal numerous forms of dog burial treatment, canine symbolism in ceramic, shell, and stone media, and a shared role of dogs in human ritual. These examples highlight the special relationship between the Caddo and their dogs ...


Analysis Of The Hatchel Site (41bw3) Platform Mound Ceramic Vessels, Vessel Sections, Sherds, Pipes, And Other Clay Artifacts, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2021

Analysis Of The Hatchel Site (41bw3) Platform Mound Ceramic Vessels, Vessel Sections, Sherds, Pipes, And Other Clay Artifacts, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Hatchel site (41BW3) is a major ancestral Nasoni Caddo village and mound center on a natural levee deposit in the floodplain of the Red River in Bowie County, Texas, just a few kilometers west of the Arkansas state line. The site was occupied by the Caddo from at least A.D. 1040 to the late 17th century; the latest temporal estimate is based primarily on the association of the Hatchel platform mound with a mound and templo illustrated on a 1691 map drawn of the site during the Teran expedition, and selected decorated sherds and vessels in the uppermost ...


The Cobb-Pool Site, A Caddo Settlement In The Mountain Creek Valley, S. Alan Skinner Jan 2021

The Cobb-Pool Site, A Caddo Settlement In The Mountain Creek Valley, S. Alan Skinner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Cobb-Pool site was excavated in 1985-1986 by the Archaeology Research Program at Southern Methodist University (SMU) before Joe Pool Lake was constructed. The site had been located by the late R. King Harris in the 1930s and Harris collected early Caddo pottery, a Gahagan biface, Alba arrow points, and other chipped stone tools from the surface. SMU located the posthole pattern of three house structures, a large roasting pit, and several other features. Recovered during the excavation was an assemblage that complemented the Harris collection but also included a large sample of maize unlike that found in any other ...


Early Shell-Tempered Pots And Corn In The Ozark Highland, Marvin Kay Jan 2021

Early Shell-Tempered Pots And Corn In The Ozark Highland, Marvin Kay

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The health benefits of cooking corn (Zea mays) in a shell-tempered pot seem to be at the heart of an important innovation, and is inferred to be strong evidence of corn as an A.D. seventh-century dietary supplement if not a true staple in the Ozark Highland.


Current Research: Index Of Texas Archaeology Ceramic Comparative Collection, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2021

Current Research: Index Of Texas Archaeology Ceramic Comparative Collection, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Index of Texas Archaeology (ITA) (https:// scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/) was developed by the Heritage Research Center at Stephen F. Austin State University (SFASU) (Figure 1) (Bousman and Selden 2018; Selden and Bousman 2017). ITA was built using the Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress) platform, is part of SFASU’s institutional repository, and is a digital repository that aggregates, distributes, and indexes scarce, limited-production, and digital archaeological works related to the State of Texas and adjacent regions, much of which was produced through publicly-funded projects.


Book Review: Ouachita Mountains Archeology: Researching The Past With Two Projects In Arkansas, Mary Beth Trubitt, 2019, Arkansas Archeological Survey Popular Series No. 6, Isbn 978-1-56349-109-2., Scott W. Hammerstedt Jan 2021

Book Review: Ouachita Mountains Archeology: Researching The Past With Two Projects In Arkansas, Mary Beth Trubitt, 2019, Arkansas Archeological Survey Popular Series No. 6, Isbn 978-1-56349-109-2., Scott W. Hammerstedt

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This book, written for a general audience, summarizes 10,000 years of history in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas. Trubitt draws upon data from Arkansas Archeological Society excavations at the Jones Mill and Dragover sites in southwest Arkansas to produce a highly readable, well-illustrated, and informative volume that introduces the non-professional reader to archaeological work. The use of text boxes to supplement the main narrative, along with a detailed glossary of key terms, allow her to present important concepts without dragging the reader into minutia.


Caddo Ceramic Sherd Assemblages From Sites In Smith County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2021

Caddo Ceramic Sherd Assemblages From Sites In Smith County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The analysis herein of ancestral Caddo ceramic assemblages from sites in Smith County, Texas is a companion piece to the analysis of numerous ceramic collections at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory at The University of Texas at Austin (TARL) from sites in Gregg and Wood counties, Texas. The Smith County collections were obtained in the 1930s and early 1940s by Jack Hughes, then an East Texas resident, but later a legendary Texas Panhandle archaeologist.


Ancestral Caddo Ceramics From 41wd9, 41wd14, And 41wd15, Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2021

Ancestral Caddo Ceramics From 41wd9, 41wd14, And 41wd15, Wood County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Earlier in 2020, Perttula published an analysis of 1010+ ancestral Caddo ceramic vessel sherds from five Wood County sites held in the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin (TARL). Three of the sites were in the Lake Fork Creek basin, one was in the Big Cypress Creek basin, and the fifth site was on Li ttle Sandy Creek in the Sabine River basin. This article continues with the analysis of three other small Caddo ceramic vessel sherd assemblages from the J. O. McCreight (41WD9), B. F. Cathey (41WD14), and T. U. Shirley (41WD15) sites.