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American Sign Language Commons

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Goodnight Gorilla: How Do Second Language Learners’ American Sign Language Narrative Renditions Change After Viewing An Asl Model?, Jennifer Beal Dr., Jessica Scott, Terynce Butts 2022 Valdosta State University

Goodnight Gorilla: How Do Second Language Learners’ American Sign Language Narrative Renditions Change After Viewing An Asl Model?, Jennifer Beal Dr., Jessica Scott, Terynce Butts

Journal of Interpretation

We investigated the effects of a single viewing of an American Sign Language (ASL) model on university second language learners’ ASL narrative renditions. Spoken English was the first language of all participants and they had varied lengths of signing experience, ranging from 1 to 26 years. Participants completed a receptive measure of ASL. Then they rendered a wordless picture book in ASL. Afterwards, they watched a native-signing adult model of the story in ASL, and then told the story again. We investigated their inclusion of specific details and how they expressed them, including their use of constructed action (CA), depicting ...


Resiliency: Experiences Of African American/Black Sign Language Interpreters., Jordan Satchell, Campbell McDermid, Lindsey Totten, Anna Yarborough 2022 University of North Carolina Greensboro

Resiliency: Experiences Of African American/Black Sign Language Interpreters., Jordan Satchell, Campbell Mcdermid, Lindsey Totten, Anna Yarborough

Journal of Interpretation

There is a growing body of literature on the experiences of African American/Black sign language interpreters (Carpenter, 2017; West Oyedele, 2015), but still many challenges faced by this community in the field. For example, many experience isolation in their interpreter education programs and later in the field, and they described the programs they attended as White-centric and oppressive (Carpenter, 2017; Cokey & Schafer, 2016; West Oyedele, 2015). To understand their experiences better, a qualitative study was conducted which involved interviewing ten African American/Black interpreters. The findings indicated many barriers in the field, including racism and discrimination in systems of networking. However ...


Esteem, Why Should We Care? The Importance Of Work-Esteem In Our Field, Our Work, And Ourselves, Katrina N. Wadsworth 2022 Western Oregon University

Esteem, Why Should We Care? The Importance Of Work-Esteem In Our Field, Our Work, And Ourselves, Katrina N. Wadsworth

Graduate Theses, Action Research Projects, and Professional Projects

Esteem is an important part of our lives as human beings both personally, with selfesteem, and professionally, with work-esteem. Work-esteem is important to the work of interpreters, and it can also affect the work produced by interpreters. Esteem encompasses a lot of different aspects, but this research on work-esteem focuses on the theories of Maslow and his hierarchy of needs of motivational theory and Rosenberg’s self-esteem theory and the corresponding self-esteem scale. The literature review explores Maslow’s and Rosenberg’s connection to work-esteem, self-esteem’s impact on work, life experiences impact on esteem, work-esteem as a perception/outcome ...


Playfully Expanding Interpreter Development, Keyanda Hall 2022 Western Oregon University

Playfully Expanding Interpreter Development, Keyanda Hall

Graduate Theses, Action Research Projects, and Professional Projects

According to research, new experiences that start from creating interactions such as role playing, stimulus, or group discussions are a result of participant actively learning (Terehoff, 2002). The focal point of this study is exploring a method of experiential learning while adults students learn new language. Basic understanding of early language acquisition and second language acquisition is used to better understand how and why play can be a much-needed component in the classroom. The experiential method of learning through play has been used to gain perspective about adult learning preferences in the interpreting field. The participants were American Sign Language ...


Exploring The Underlying Forces In Interpreter Education In The United States, Chris McGaha 2022 St. Catherine University

Exploring The Underlying Forces In Interpreter Education In The United States, Chris Mcgaha

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

In interpreter education programs across the United States, future practitioners are shaped and molded by many factors during their education journey, some explicit and some implicit. Those factors can include the formal curriculum, faculty and staff diversity, and interactions with mentors and peers. The underlying forces or hidden curriculum that often goes unseen can impact a student’s educational journey positively or negatively. The impact can vary depending on certain demographic variables of the individual students. The data was analyzed using a system thinking framework and validated that there are underlying forces influencing interpreter student development. The following research briefly ...


Assessing The Accessibility Of The Judicial System's Arrest-To-Parole Timeline For People Who Are D/Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing, Evelyn G. Birnbaum 2022 Portland State University

Assessing The Accessibility Of The Judicial System's Arrest-To-Parole Timeline For People Who Are D/Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing, Evelyn G. Birnbaum

University Honors Theses

The judicial system is inaccessible to many groups of people for a variety of reasons, one of those populations being the d/Deaf and Hard of Hearing community (DHH). This community faces prejudice and discrimination in many institutions because of their identity, but within the justice system, this prejudice is compounded and controlled by poor legislation and either the lack of, or barriers to, effective communication. At every point in the chronological timeline from getting arrested to achieving parole, individuals who are d/Deaf or Hard of Hearing face discrimination and obstacles that their hearing counterparts do not. The discrimination ...


Adjusting To Change: Learning American Sign Language Online During A Global Pandemic, Kara Gournaris 2022 Western Oregon University

Adjusting To Change: Learning American Sign Language Online During A Global Pandemic, Kara Gournaris

Northwest Journal of Teacher Education

Second language acquisition of American Sign Language (ASL) requires opportunities for engagement with native language models (Krashen, 1988). The shift to online instruction due to the impact of COVID-19 presented unique challenges for ASL programs across the United States. With little time to redesign courses, instructors and students had to navigate the experience of online learning together. The students who participated in this 2020 study at Western Oregon University (WOU) shared their raw experiences related to this transition, and unfortunately, one year later, many of the same barriers reported by students persist. The purpose of this article is to share ...


Error Occurrences And Types Between Certified And Non-Certified Interpreters, Ariel Baeseman 2022 St. Catherine University

Error Occurrences And Types Between Certified And Non-Certified Interpreters, Ariel Baeseman

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

Much of the standard interpreting practice is dependent on an interpreter’s certification level. As a result, many interpreters find themselves at assignments for which they are not qualified. This study aimed to identify what differences in error rates - if any - were present between interpreting samples from certified and non-certified interpreters of similar experience levels. In a sample of ten interpreters with less than five years of professional interpreting experience, split evenly between certified and non-certified, each provided an unrehearsed interpretation of the same stimulus to be analyzed. The sample was rated against a rubric measuring knowledge-lean interpreting skills as ...


Tell Me How You Really Feel: A Qualitative Look At The Trepidation Felt By American Sign Language Interpreters When Voicing Taboo And Strong Language, Devon E. Wilson 2022 St. Catherine University

Tell Me How You Really Feel: A Qualitative Look At The Trepidation Felt By American Sign Language Interpreters When Voicing Taboo And Strong Language, Devon E. Wilson

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

Interpreters are humans and, despite historical assumptions and beliefs, do not remain completely neutral when performing interpreting duties. At times, interpreters will feel emotions that surface as a reaction to source messages. These emotions can arise quickly with little warning, causing interpreters to navigate them in a matter of seconds and make decisions regarding how to best interpret the source message. This is especially true if the source message contains any form of taboo / strong language. Such messages may cause trepidation when voicing - working from American Sign Language into English - and word choices may affect the hearing client’s perception ...


Exploring Teaming Dynamics In Video Remote Interpreting, Jana R. Mauldin 2022 St. Catherine University

Exploring Teaming Dynamics In Video Remote Interpreting, Jana R. Mauldin

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

Collaborative work is an integral part of providing a successful interpretation in certain situations, and the practice of working in Video Remote Interpreting (VRI) settings has left interpreters without their usual strategies or approaches available to work as a team. This research study utilized an online questionnaire to explore strategies employed and challenges faced by interpreters working together in VRI. A descriptive survey revealed that interpreters alter their approach to teaming, juggle a multitude of technological demands, and have created inventive ways of connecting or using technology to their advantage. Findings also indicate the need for increased training in VRI ...


Health, Human Rights, And Structural Violence: Identifying Barriers To Healthcare Access Of Deaf American Sign Language Users In Rhode Island, Christine A. West 2022 St. Catherine University

Health, Human Rights, And Structural Violence: Identifying Barriers To Healthcare Access Of Deaf American Sign Language Users In Rhode Island, Christine A. West

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users possess both human and legal rights to health. Yet, despite these rights, this linguistic minority group continues to experience challenges in accessing health care services. Using a structural violence framework, this study identifies the barriers to healthcare access of Deaf ASL users in one particular state - Rhode Island. More specifically, this study seeks to uncover the structural and social forces that constrain agency of Deaf ASL users in their attempts to access healthcare. Survey methodology is used to obtain both qualitative and quantitative data from 11 community stakeholder groups. Results show that Deaf ASL ...


The Presence Of Coping Education In American Sign Language Interpreter Education Programs As Perceived By Graduates, Anna N. Teitt 2022 St. Catherine University

The Presence Of Coping Education In American Sign Language Interpreter Education Programs As Perceived By Graduates, Anna N. Teitt

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

This study investigated whether coping strategies were part of the curriculum in various American Sign Language interpreter education programs (ASL IEPs). The researcher conducted a national survey and ten interviews with participants to assess their current coping strategies, where they had been learned, and whether their IEPs had prepared them to cope with the possibility of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and vicarious trauma (VT). The researcher utilized literature regarding risks of STS and VT in several settings for interpreters to position the gap of literature regarding coping strategies interpreters use. This study focused on graduates of IEPs because IEPs provide ...


Interpreting Beyond The Binary: An Exploration Into The Experience Of American Sign Language Interpreters Beyond And Between Female/Male Binaries, Tristen Evah Hellewell 2022 St. Catherine University

Interpreting Beyond The Binary: An Exploration Into The Experience Of American Sign Language Interpreters Beyond And Between Female/Male Binaries, Tristen Evah Hellewell

Master of Arts in Interpreting Studies and Communication Equity Thesis or Action Research Project

This study explores the experience of sign language interpreters who exist between and beyond female/male gender binaries. Limited research in the field of sign language interpreting to date centers the experiences of transgender and non-binary interpreters, prompting the need for inquiry into this population. Through a mixed-methods approach using surveys (N=31), interviews (n=4) and a focus group (n=4) participants were asked to describe experiences with colleagues, interpreter users, hiring bodies and the general interpreting field. Three themes emerged from the findings including (a) collegial relationships indicating both lack of support and instances of collegial solidarity; (b ...


Mixed Reality Prototype Device Showcase: Using Smart Glasses To Enhance Language Access, Aaron Parker, Connor Switenky, Roshan Mathew, Wendy Dannels 2022 National Technical Institute for the Deaf, Rochester Institute of Technology

Mixed Reality Prototype Device Showcase: Using Smart Glasses To Enhance Language Access, Aaron Parker, Connor Switenky, Roshan Mathew, Wendy Dannels

Frameless

While the use of American Sign Language (ASL) interpreters and real-time captioning significantly increases deaf individuals’ ability to participate in a wide variety of functions, there are some limitations. The major problem is that current ways of providing communication and information access to deaf people require them to split their attention between the visual focus of the specific content and the interpreter/captioning display. At any given point in time, deaf people are forced to decide what explanation to miss with subsequent effects on topic comprehension and perceptions of the interaction and environments.


Vr Sound Mapping: Make Sound Accessible For Dhh People In Virtual Reality Environments, Ziming Li, Roshan Peiris 2022 Rochester Institute of Technology

Vr Sound Mapping: Make Sound Accessible For Dhh People In Virtual Reality Environments, Ziming Li, Roshan Peiris

Frameless

In-game audio plays an important role in enhancing the sense of reality and immersion in the gaming experience. In many games, sounds are also used to provide notifications and clues, which are essential to the gameplay. However, in this case, the deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) players may fail to access the information conveyed by sounds, which degrades their gaming experience (Jain et al. 2021).


Vr Sound Mapping: Make Sound Accessible For Dhh People In Virtual Reality Environments, Ziming Li, Roshan Peiris 2022 Rochester Institute of Technology

Vr Sound Mapping: Make Sound Accessible For Dhh People In Virtual Reality Environments, Ziming Li, Roshan Peiris

Frameless

In-game audio plays an important role in enhancing the sense of reality and immersion in the gaming experience. In many games, sounds are also used to provide notifications and clues which are essential to the gameplay. However, in this case, the DHH (deaf and hard of hearing) players may fail to access the information conveyed by sounds, which degrades their gaming experience (Jain et al. 2021).


Starved For Knowledge: The Effect Of Language Deprivation And “Mainstream” Education On Deaf Accessibility To The United States Education System, Katherine Arpino 2022 University of Connecticut

Starved For Knowledge: The Effect Of Language Deprivation And “Mainstream” Education On Deaf Accessibility To The United States Education System, Katherine Arpino

Honors Scholar Theses

The prevalence of language deprivation in deaf and hard of hearing youth makes the United States public education system fundamentally inaccessible to that portion of the population. Previous research has demonstrated that depriving prelingually deaf children of an accessible, visual language during the critical language acquisition period has long-term effects on their reading comprehension, mental health, social development, and cognitive development (Friedman and Rusoe, 2015; Hall et al., 2019; Cheng et al., 2019; Hall, 2017). Furthermore, the lack of bilingual-bimodal education (or purely signed education) in the United States public education system sets deaf children up for failure, as they ...


Interview With Natasha Ofili, Monica Blizek 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Interview With Natasha Ofili, Monica Blizek

Journal of Religion & Film

Natasha Ofili, the star and screenwriter of The Multi, was interviewed by Monica Blizek about the process that led to the creation of the film.


From The Cold Seat To The Hot Seat: An Agency Guide To Interns, Heather Moore 2022 Western Oregon University

From The Cold Seat To The Hot Seat: An Agency Guide To Interns, Heather Moore

Graduate Theses, Action Research Projects, and Professional Projects

Sign language interpreting agencies can provide interns with authentic learning experiences and assist with the transition from student to professional. A review of literature regarding the gap between classroom and professional work experiences was conducted. From this review, current practices, problems, and practical solutions were identified. With these providing a theoretical foundation, surveys and interviews of agency owners were conducted regarding their current and past experiences of utilizing interns in their agencies. Results revealed a list of reoccurring themes on how to better include and support interns, such as the use of mentors, shadowing, and development of business practices. Utilizing ...


Creation Of A Neural Network For The American Sign Language To Russian Translation App, John T. Simmons 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Creation Of A Neural Network For The American Sign Language To Russian Translation App, John T. Simmons

Capstone Projects

  1. A large population of people utilize American Sign Language for their primary method of communication.
  2. No commercially available product is available for these people for when they need to communicate with speakers of a foreign language.
  3. We must investigate methods to make communication between these two parties easier and more accessible.
  4. By using a neural network to classify images of American Sign Language letters, we can build a service to make translation of American Sign Language into foreign languages possible.


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