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The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Precis

An examination of the oaths surrounding the doctor-patient relationships in the healthcare systems of antiquity, as well as those of the early Medieval period and modernity, reveals that the modern concept of bedside manner is one with roots throughout history, and has changed according to the predominant religion of the time. This is done by comparing the oaths taken by physicians across these periods, and examining how they outline the tenets of the relationship between a patient and their healthcare provider. I also provide examples of religious beliefs and how they interact with medical practice to show how bedside ...


The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping

Honors Bachelor of Arts

This paper explores the context of the 1616 trial of Galileo within the history of the geocentric and heliocentric theories of the solar system, as well as some factors that may have initiated this trial or influenced the result. Some of these factors include the criticism of contemporary Reformers, Galileo’s relationship with the Pope, and recently uncovered Vatican documents accusing Galileo of atomism. These last two are found in Pietro Redondi’s book Galileo Eretico, which alleges that Pope Urban VIII spared Galileo by having him investigated for holding heliocentric views, instead of letting him face potential charges of ...


Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West 2020 William & Mary

Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis argues that T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land is Eliot's version of a modern fertility ritual with women as the principal drivers of the narrative. Women show both the depth of desolation that spiritual bankruptcy brings, but ironically contain within them the hope and possibility for redemption. Through figures such as the Sybil, Madame Sosostris, Lil, Philomela, and Ganga, Eliot shows the full range of emotion and possibilities to be found in The Waste Land. Ultimately, women are the catalysts in the poem - they make up the steps of the fertility rituals set out by Jessie ...


Experimental Archaeology And Brewing Beer: A Modern Reproduction Of The "Hymn To Ninkasi", Mahayla Roscoe 2020 DePauw University

Experimental Archaeology And Brewing Beer: A Modern Reproduction Of The "Hymn To Ninkasi", Mahayla Roscoe

Honor Scholar Theses

Alcoholic beverages, and beer in particular, have had an extensive impact on human civilization. People have been brewing beer for thousands of years, and some scholars even argue that it was humanity’s thirst for beer rather than a hunger for bread that motivated the domestication of cereal grains ca. 9500-8000 B.C.E. If this argument is to be believed, beer would have acted as a precursor to the Neolithic Revolution and inspired people to develop agrarian economies and abandon their nomadic lifestyle. By the time that the Sumerian civilization in ancient Mesopotamia arose, beer production was a well-known ...


Shakespeare's Testamentary Language, William Lowes Rushton 2020 Livre de Lyon

Shakespeare's Testamentary Language, William Lowes Rushton

Philology

No abstract provided.


Lost In Translation, Presumption, And Interpretation: Adam, Noah, And The Ancient Mesopotamian Mythology Of The Creation And The Flood, Saad D. Abulhab 2020 CUNY Office of Library Services

Lost In Translation, Presumption, And Interpretation: Adam, Noah, And The Ancient Mesopotamian Mythology Of The Creation And The Flood, Saad D. Abulhab

Publications and Research

The common, biblical believes in an initial, single human creation, and a subsequent survival of a punishing, catastrophic flood were among the key forming pillars of the Near East monotheist religions. The other key pillar was, arguably, the belief in the existence of a one, supreme god and creator. However, neither the two stories of human creation and catastrophic flood, nor the belief in one supreme god, were originally introduced by these monotheist religions. Key inscriptions from ancient Mesopotamia have clearly indicated that various versions of these beliefs were commonplace for thousands of years before. Despite the differences in details ...


The Pen And The Heart: Studies In Christian Latin Writing Of The Fourth And Fifth Centuries, Rachel Abigail Hodes 2020 Bard College

The Pen And The Heart: Studies In Christian Latin Writing Of The Fourth And Fifth Centuries, Rachel Abigail Hodes

Senior Projects Spring 2020

This project explores three autobiographical texts from the fourth and fifth centuries: Augustine’s Confessions, Proba’s Cento, and Paulinus’ Eucharisticon. In a world filled with varying literary traditions, the self-definition of life writing becomes a literary act. While Augustine aligns himself with ascetics and frames his text around scriptural prose, Proba synthesizes a Biblical story into classical form by relying upon Virgilian hexameter, and Paulinus creates a piece that represents the sacramental bread and body through its tension between poetic form and Augustinian Christian message. How does life writing locate itself through its reliance on tradition and imitation, and ...


Ladies At The Loom: Examining Intersections Of Gender And Textiles In New Kingdom Egypt, Caitlin Patton 2020 University of Iowa

Ladies At The Loom: Examining Intersections Of Gender And Textiles In New Kingdom Egypt, Caitlin Patton

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

In a society like New Kingdom Dynastic Egypt, where men’s perspectives and spheres of influence dominated the literary and artistic output, insight into women's lives often must come from sources outside of state-sponsored programs. New Kingdom women’s lives centered around the home and included keeping up the house, raising children and the production of clothing and textiles. Women produced these textiles not only for themselves and their families but, in an age before standardized currency, they also produced them as valuable commodities to trade and sell. This led to women not only dominating the trends within Egyptian ...


A Little Latin Reader, Mary C. English, Georgia Irby 2019 College of William and Mary

A Little Latin Reader, Mary C. English, Georgia Irby

Georgia L. Irby

Covering an extensive variety of grammatical constructions, A Little Latin Reader is an ideal supplement for undergraduate courses in beginning and intermediate Latin. It presents vivid, unadapted passages, each two to ten lines in length, drawn from the poetry and prose of various Classical authors--including Caesar, Catullus, Cicero, Martial, Ovid, and Vergil--and from inscriptions. The selections are arranged according to the specific points of grammar and syntax that they demonstrate. By introducing unadapted Latin at the earliest stage of language instruction, A Little Latin Reader helps students transition more easily from beginning and intermediate Latin textbooks to authentic Latin prose ...


A New Latin Primer, Mary C. English, Georgia Irby 2019 College of William and Mary

A New Latin Primer, Mary C. English, Georgia Irby

Georgia L. Irby

Featuring a traditional, grammar-based approach, A New Latin Primer offers beginning students a solid overview of Latin grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. It provides concise, straightforward grammatical explanations and illustrates them with unadapted Latin examples so that students can learn from Roman authors how to employ the syntax under discussion. Each of the thirty-six lessons contains twelve short practice sentences along with fifteen passages of unadapted Latin from a wide variety of important classical and medieval authors: Catullus, Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Martial, Caesar, Cicero, Livy, Sallust, Tacitus, Augustus, Seneca, Pliny the Younger, Pliny the Elder, Augustine, Bede, inter alios. Explanatory notes ...


Ivan And His Doubles: The Failure Of Intellect In The Brothers Karamazov, Alex Donley 2019 Liberty University

Ivan And His Doubles: The Failure Of Intellect In The Brothers Karamazov, Alex Donley

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

The purpose of this research is to explore Dostoevsky’s theodicy in The Brothers Karamazov, including key critical commentary that enhances an understanding of the text. One of the novel’s title characters, Ivan, embodies the emerging spirit of intellectualism and freethinking in nineteenth-century Europe. He confronts the Christian concept of God in two famous speeches. First, Ivan’s “Rebellion” epitomizes the problem of evil by asking why an omnipotent, omnibenevolent God allows earthy atrocities. Second, Ivan’s “Grand Inquisitor” rejects the moral freedom given to men, reasoning that it is too great a burden for mankind to bear. These ...


The Design And Implementation Of Aida: Ancient Inscription Database And Analytics System, M Parvez Rashid 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Design And Implementation Of Aida: Ancient Inscription Database And Analytics System, M Parvez Rashid

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

AIDA, the Ancient Inscription Database and Analytic system can be used to translate and analyze ancient Minoan language. The AIDA system currently stores three types of ancient Minoan inscriptions: Linear A, Cretan Hieroglyph and Phaistos Disk inscriptions. In addition, AIDA provides candidate syllabic values and translations of Minoan words and inscriptions into English. The AIDA system allows the users to change these candidate phonetic assignments to the Linear A, Cretan Hieroglyph and Phaistos symbols. Hence the AIDA system provides for various scholars not only a convenient online resource to browse Minoan inscriptions but also provides an analysis tool to explore ...


Understanding The Lived Experience Of Ancient Roman Gardens, Devlin F. Daley 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Understanding The Lived Experience Of Ancient Roman Gardens, Devlin F. Daley

Honors Theses

My research takes a psychologically influenced approach to the study of archaeological remains to explore the experiential nature of ancient gardens in the Roman domus and villa of the Campania region of southern Italy. I argue that significant factors of spatial and social theory drove the intended experience in space and in the curated environment of the garden. I focus on the architecture of these spaces, such as peristyles and reflecting pools, from which walking paths and movement through space can be reconstructed. I also dive into understanding the remains of horticulture, including different plants and trees that would have ...


Cicero And His Exploration Of Frienship, Madison Brown-Moffitt 2019 University of Puget Sound

Cicero And His Exploration Of Frienship, Madison Brown-Moffitt

Honors Program Theses

The purpose of this paper is to explore the reasons Cicero had for writing on morals and friendships following the Civil Wars between Pompey and Caesar. This exploration uses a great deal of background information, detailing Cicero’s relationships with Pompey and Caesar, before addressing several of his works that address friendship, and finally looking at how his philosophical musings influenced his friendship with a man named Matius. The relationships that Cicero had are the inspiration for his writings, and as such are given appropriate attention before moving on to the works that were inspired by the events in Cicero ...


The Iconography Of The Gold And Silver Coinage Of Philip Ii Of Macedon And Alexander The Great, Nisha N. Ramracha 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Iconography Of The Gold And Silver Coinage Of Philip Ii Of Macedon And Alexander The Great, Nisha N. Ramracha

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The history of Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great has been tremendously studied through ancient sources and archaeology. One approach has been through numismatics: a comprehensive study of currency in the form of coins and additional media for transactions, trade, payment and otherwise. This form of research gives scholars an economic perspective on the lives and campaigns of these renowned Macedonian Argead kings through statistical calculations in the form of weights, di-axes, ascertaining inauguration dates as well as appraisal of metals such as gold, silver and bronze in ancient economies, and deducing the locations of mints and various ...


The Russian Five, Austin M. Doub 2019 Cedarville University

The Russian Five, Austin M. Doub

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

This paper explores Russian culture beginning in the mid nineteenth-century as the leading group of composers and musicians known as the Moguchaya Kuchka, or The Russian Five, sought to influence Russian culture and develop a pure school of Russian music amidst rampant Westernization. Comprised of César Cui, Aleksandr Borodin, Mily Balakirev, Modest Mussorgsky, and Nikolay Rimksy-Korsakov, this group of inspired musicians, steeped in Russian society, worked to remove outside cultural influences and create a uniquely Russian sound in their compositions. Under the progressive reign of Tsar Peter the Great and the subsequent leadership of Tsar Peter the great, the nation ...


Tales As Old As Time: The Progression Of Classic Story Themes From Fairy Tales To Disney Films, Delaney N. Kunkle 2019 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Tales As Old As Time: The Progression Of Classic Story Themes From Fairy Tales To Disney Films, Delaney N. Kunkle

Selected Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the original purpose of the most familiar fairy tales based on the state of society at the time of their conception, including the stories of the Brothers Grimm, Charles Perrault, and Hans Christian Andersen. The thesis will then compare these original themes to the themes of the Disney films they inspired, taking into account the cultural and historical factors that produced the final film. In addition, the thesis will take note of the modern interpretations of both the fairy tales and the films based on the viewpoint of our current society. In ...


Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty A. Richer 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty A. Richer

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The reign of the Byzantine emperor Justinian, from 527 to 565, despite its many high points and achievements, was a struggle for him and his people. One of his most famous, or infamous, challenges was during the Nika riots. During this time Justinian sees the people of Constantinople attempt to crown a usurper as emperor instead of him. As Justinian convened with his advisors, hiding from the mob in his palace, one question must have rung true in his mind: how did this happen? This presentation answers this question while also giving an overview to the time and the people ...


Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty Richer 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty Richer

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The reign of the Byzantine emperor Justinian, from 527 to 565, despite its many high points and achievements, was a struggle for him and his people. One of his most famous, or infamous, challenges was during the Nika riots. During this time Justinian sees the people of Constantinople attempt to crown a usurper as emperor instead of him. As Justinian convened with his advisors, hiding from the mob in his palace, one question must have rung true in his mind: how did this happen? This presentation answers this question while also giving an overview to the time and the people ...


The Transactions Of Mortal Coil: Hellenic Meaning In The Suffering Of The Iliad And The Oresteia, Stephen L. Bothwell 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Transactions Of Mortal Coil: Hellenic Meaning In The Suffering Of The Iliad And The Oresteia, Stephen L. Bothwell

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The meaning of suffering is enigmatic. To grasp at it cosmologically, I examine both Archaic and Classical Greek views of suffering via their primary literature and culture. Homer’s Iliad reveals the transactionality of suffering as it is embedded in the heroic code through an analysis of the Glaucus-Diomedes exchange. An investigation of Achilles’ development portrays both the Homeric system that equates honor and suffering and the unquantifiable suffering that critiques said system. Meanwhile, a study of Aeschylus’ Oresteia exhibits the interrelation of suffering and learning in Zeus’ law. The progression of the trilogy displays an accruement of wisdom by ...


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