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1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 118

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Help In Time: An Evaluation Of Philadelphia's Community-Based Homelessness Prevention Program, Yin-Ling I. Wong, Meg Koppel, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, David E. Eldridge, Amy Hillier, Helen R. Lee Dec 1999

Help In Time: An Evaluation Of Philadelphia's Community-Based Homelessness Prevention Program, Yin-Ling I. Wong, Meg Koppel, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, David E. Eldridge, Amy Hillier, Helen R. Lee

Departmental Papers (SPP)

This report provides an evaluation of Philadelphia's neighborhood-based homelessness prevention initiative. Results indicate that nearly all households served do not become homeless. But it is unclear if households would have become homeless had they not been served. Recommendations are made for targeting prevention interventions to families requesting shelter.


Service Reliability Impacts Of Computer-Aided Dispatching And Automatic Vehicle Location Technology: A Tri-Met Case Study, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Turner, Steve Callas, David Griffin Dec 1999

Service Reliability Impacts Of Computer-Aided Dispatching And Automatic Vehicle Location Technology: A Tri-Met Case Study, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Turner, Steve Callas, David Griffin

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper presents findings on initial changes in service reliability following Tri-Met’s deployment of a new bus dispatching system using automatic vehicle location and automatic passenger counter technology. Changes in on-time performance, headway variation, run time variation, and run times were determined with respect to pre-deployment levels. Changes in headway variation and run times were also used to estimate the initial benefits of the new system with respect to operating costs, passenger waiting, and passenger travel time.


California Vehicle License Fees: Incidence And Equity, Jennifer Dill, Todd Mitchel Goldman, Martin Wachs Dec 1999

California Vehicle License Fees: Incidence And Equity, Jennifer Dill, Todd Mitchel Goldman, Martin Wachs

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Most states tax the value of residents' motor vehicles. In recent political debates over the future of these levies, the relative effects of these taxes on different socioeconomic groups have been a prominent question. By linking data from the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey with estimates of vehicle values from consumer vehicle pricing guides, the socioeconomic and demographic incidence of California's Vehicle License Fee is examined. After the effects of state and federal income tax deductions are taken into account, the fee is found to be as regressive as the state's sales tax.


Help In Time: An Evaluation Of Philadelphia's Community-Based Homelessness Prevention Program, Yin-Ling I. Wong, Meg Koppel, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, David E. Eldridge, Amy Hillier, Helen R. Lee Nov 1999

Help In Time: An Evaluation Of Philadelphia's Community-Based Homelessness Prevention Program, Yin-Ling I. Wong, Meg Koppel, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, David E. Eldridge, Amy Hillier, Helen R. Lee

Dennis P. Culhane

This report provides an evaluation of Philadelphia's neighborhood-based homelessness prevention initiative. Results indicate that nearly all households served do not become homeless. But it is unclear if households would have become homeless had they not been served. Recommendations are made for targeting prevention interventions to families requesting shelter.


Census Bureau Seeks Partners In Business, Chester Smolski Nov 1999

Census Bureau Seeks Partners In Business, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"By now you should have seen the advertisements for the U.S. Census Bureau to apprise us of the forthcoming census on April 1, 2000. And there will be plenty more since the Bureau has budgeted $167 million on this push for public awareness, something it has never perviously paid to do."


How A School Salad Bar Can Be A Learning Experience, Too, Robert Gottlieb, Michelle Mascarenhas Nov 1999

How A School Salad Bar Can Be A Learning Experience, Too, Robert Gottlieb, Michelle Mascarenhas

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Southern Nevada Strategic Planning Authority Plan Public Outreach Efforts In The City Of Henderson, Brenda S. Fischer Nov 1999

The Southern Nevada Strategic Planning Authority Plan Public Outreach Efforts In The City Of Henderson, Brenda S. Fischer

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Region is the fastest growing region in the United States and has been for several years. The same source lists Henderson as the fastest growing large city (over 100,000 population) since 1990.

To mitigate the effects of growth, the Southern Nevada Strategic Planning Authority (SNSPA) was created in 1997. it was tasked with creating a 20 year plan for growth and presenting that plan to the 1999 legislature. The purpose of this paper is to determine it the residents of Henderson agree with the contents of the plan ...


Income Distribution, City Size, And The Role Of Public Transportation, Thomas W. Sanchez Nov 1999

Income Distribution, City Size, And The Role Of Public Transportation, Thomas W. Sanchez

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This article presents an income inequality analysis for all 1990 U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). The analysis is concerned with whether public transportation has a detectable influence on levels of urban income equality. Because public transportation systems are generally designed to link residences with employment locations, higher levels of transit service provision, all other factors being equal, should be associated with higher employment rates and more uniform distributions of economic gains. The research presented here was influenced by an analysis originally performed by Haworth, Long, and Rasmussen (1978). Along with there study, few analyses have tried to evaluate policies ...


Eagle Point School District School Enrollment Forecast, 2000 To 2010, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa S. Proehl Nov 1999

Eagle Point School District School Enrollment Forecast, 2000 To 2010, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa S. Proehl

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report provides a school Enrollment Forecast, including background demographic information and analysis, for the Eagle Point School District (Jackson County School District #9). Several factors that are likely to affect the District’s enrollment between 2000 and 2010 are considered and the geographical areas within the District (the cities of Eagle Point and Shady Cove, the unincorporated urban area of White City, and the rural unincorporated area) are examined. To account for different probabilities of demographic events, three scenarios of population, housing, and enrollment changes were developed. Forecasts are made for the total District, by grade level, for the ...


Marketing The City Of North Las Vegas: Marketing Plan And Image Enhancement Program, Janet Zimmerman Nov 1999

Marketing The City Of North Las Vegas: Marketing Plan And Image Enhancement Program, Janet Zimmerman

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Like many other Southwestern states, Nevada is experiencing a tremendous growth in population. As the second fastest growing city in Nevada, North Las Vegas is facing its own unique challenges and opportunities. Growth in Southern Nevada has also brought internal competition for those residents and businesses entering the area. It has also created a need to update the city's image and appeal.

One example of how a city effectively enhanced its image can be found in the same population area, Henderson, Nevada. Henderson, the state's fastest growing community, is attracting new residents and businesses at a rate that ...


Amid Declining Populations, N.E. Planners Meet, Chester Smolski Nov 1999

Amid Declining Populations, N.E. Planners Meet, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"The day-long regional meeting of the American Planning Association recently held in Providence drew a variety of planners from the three southern New England states. Coming form the town, city, state and regional planning agencies, private organizations as well as the academic community, the planners addressed a number of issues, ranging from suburban stress to the latest computer technologies."


The Regional Economic Impact Of Cleveland's Maritime Operation: An Update, Ziona Austrian, Charles Post, Adina Swirski Wolf Nov 1999

The Regional Economic Impact Of Cleveland's Maritime Operation: An Update, Ziona Austrian, Charles Post, Adina Swirski Wolf

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Resolution No. 99-2835: For The Purpose Of Expressing Council Intent To Amend The Region 2040 Growth Concept Map To Designate The City Of Milwaukie As A Town Center, Metro (Or.) Oct 1999

Resolution No. 99-2835: For The Purpose Of Expressing Council Intent To Amend The Region 2040 Growth Concept Map To Designate The City Of Milwaukie As A Town Center, Metro (Or.)

Metro Collection

No abstract provided.


Labor Makes A Stand In Los Angeles, Peter Dreier, Kelly Candaele Oct 1999

Labor Makes A Stand In Los Angeles, Peter Dreier, Kelly Candaele

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Changing River's Course; Greenbelt Vs. Warehouses, Lewis Macadams, Robert Gottlieb Oct 1999

Changing River's Course; Greenbelt Vs. Warehouses, Lewis Macadams, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Automated Bus Dispatching, Operations Control, And Service Reliability: The Initial Tri-Met Experience, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Taylor, Steve Callas, David Griffin Oct 1999

Automated Bus Dispatching, Operations Control, And Service Reliability: The Initial Tri-Met Experience, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Taylor, Steve Callas, David Griffin

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper presents findings on initial changes in service reliability following Tri-Met’s deployment of a new bus dispatching system using automatic vehicle location and automatic passenger counter technology. Changes in on-time performance, headway variation, run time variation, and run times were determined with respect to pre-deployment levels. Changes in headway variation and run times were also used to estimate the initial benefits of the new system with respect to operating costs, passenger waiting, and passenger travel time.


Review Of From Mobilization To Civil War: The Politics Of Polarization In The Spanish City Of Gijon, 1900-1937, By Pamela Beth Radcliff, Gary W. Mcdonogh Oct 1999

Review Of From Mobilization To Civil War: The Politics Of Polarization In The Spanish City Of Gijon, 1900-1937, By Pamela Beth Radcliff, Gary W. Mcdonogh

Growth and Structure of Cities Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Risk-Based Monitoring: A Model And Application To Fda’S Imported Food Monitoring Program, Sheila A. Martin, Nancy Dean Beaulieu, Richard Williams Oct 1999

Risk-Based Monitoring: A Model And Application To Fda’S Imported Food Monitoring Program, Sheila A. Martin, Nancy Dean Beaulieu, Richard Williams

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Regulatory agencies intervene in risky situations by outlawing practices that impose risks on society or by proscribing practices that reduce risk. Because public resources for enforcing regulation are limited, public policy has recently emphasized maximizing the benefit from enforcement by considering the risk reduction achievable from each intervention. This emphasis requires a shift of resources to monitoring situations in which regulatory violations are most likely, their welfare effects are most serious, and their detection is probable and relatively inexpensive. This article is a risk-based monitoring model applied to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) import monitoring program. Although some ...


U.S. Census Nears; Results To Be Questioned, Chester Smolski Sep 1999

U.S. Census Nears; Results To Be Questioned, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"It is the largest peacetime activity of the United States government, and since its inception in 190 takes place every 10 years. It will employ, at its peak, 860,000 workers who will receive a major portion of the $4.5 billion that Congress recently appropriated for the task. And the total population will be recorded for one day, a far cry from the 18 months that were necessary for U.S. Marshals who tried to find everyone in 1790."


Community Building Sourcebook: Land Use And Transportation Initiatives In Portland, Oregon, Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District Of Oregon Sep 1999

Community Building Sourcebook: Land Use And Transportation Initiatives In Portland, Oregon, Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District Of Oregon

TriMet Collection

No abstract provided.


How Do We Bridge The Housing Gap?, Peter Dreier, Jan Breidenbach Sep 1999

How Do We Bridge The Housing Gap?, Peter Dreier, Jan Breidenbach

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Sunnyside Neighborhood Plan Action Charts: Adopted By Resolution Number 35820, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor Sep 1999

Sunnyside Neighborhood Plan Action Charts: Adopted By Resolution Number 35820, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor

Portland City Archives

No abstract provided.


Implementation Problems In The Development Of Urban Community Services In The People's Republic Of China: The Case Of Beijing, Agnas K.C. Yeung, Kwok Kin Fung, Kim Ming Lee Sep 1999

Implementation Problems In The Development Of Urban Community Services In The People's Republic Of China: The Case Of Beijing, Agnas K.C. Yeung, Kwok Kin Fung, Kim Ming Lee

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

To review the ten year implementation of the community service policy of the People's Republic of China, community service implementers and academics located in Beijing were interviewed. By employing implementation theories as a framework of analysis, a number of implementation problems are identified. In terms of policy characteristics and the structuring of implementation, this case shows that the objectives are not specific enough. The decentralized implementation strategy allows the implementers too much discretionary power. The shortage of qualified and motivated personnel further complicate the issue. Lastly, the policy environment of Beijing does not lend adequate support to the policy.


Treat Welfare Recipients Like Workers: Pay Them A Wage, Peter Dreier, Fernando Gapasin Aug 1999

Treat Welfare Recipients Like Workers: Pay Them A Wage, Peter Dreier, Fernando Gapasin

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


City Club Of Portland Information Report: Endangered Fish Species In Portland, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jul 1999

City Club Of Portland Information Report: Endangered Fish Species In Portland, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


People Make The World Go 'Round, And, Maybe, Shrink, Chester Smolski Jul 1999

People Make The World Go 'Round, And, Maybe, Shrink, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"The United Nations will mark October 12 this year as a special occasion, for this is the approximate time when the world's population will reach 6 billion, a milestone that almost coincides with the millennium."


City Club Of Portland Information Report: The Arts And Their Public Value, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jul 1999

City Club Of Portland Information Report: The Arts And Their Public Value, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez Jul 1999

An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper addresses the issue of neighborhood vitality from the perspective of social capital building. Numerous studies have shown that social capital - a complex of networks, norms, and social trust that promotes citizens involvement in local affairs - is crucial for the continuous well-being of communities. Among many political, economic, and cultural factors influencing social capital, the spatial dimension is most often overlooked. Yet the accessibility of places promoting social interactions and interpersonal communication between local residents should have a direct effect on the vitality of a neighborhood. Among these civic places are formal institutions - churches and locally oriented membership organizations ...


Pedestrian Infrastructure Improvements: Effects On Transit Use And Perceptions Of The Pedestrian Environment In Portland's Roseway Neighborhood, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Peter Mye, Joyce A. Felton Jul 1999

Pedestrian Infrastructure Improvements: Effects On Transit Use And Perceptions Of The Pedestrian Environment In Portland's Roseway Neighborhood, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Peter Mye, Joyce A. Felton

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Over the past two years the Pedestrian Transportation (PTP) of the City of Portland has been engaged in a project to encourage walking and transit use through targeted infrastructure improvements. These improvements are intended to enhance pedestrian access to transit service by aiding street crossing and providing more amenities at bus stops. Other improvements include landscaping, sidewalks, curb extensions and ramps, and improved street lighting. One of the basic assumptions of this project is that the pedestrian environment is related to transportation choices. This report explores that assumption.


Orbit: The Oregon Road Base Information Team Draft Summary Report Ii, Paul Bender, Mark Bosworth, Kenneth Dueker Jul 1999

Orbit: The Oregon Road Base Information Team Draft Summary Report Ii, Paul Bender, Mark Bosworth, Kenneth Dueker

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Data sharing among organizations has the potential to 1) decrease long-term costs of obtaining and maintaining data and 2) to facilitate data consistency and accuracy. Consistency includes both completeness and currency, while accuracy includes positional and relative accuracy of transportation features and their attributes, i.e. any data element related to roads or other transportation infrastructure.

ORBIT, the Oregon Road Base Information Team, is an ongoing effort to create an accessible and comprehensive GIS transportation base for use by public and private agencies with shared stewardship through stakeholder partnerships and standards. ORBIT is occurring concurrently with an effort at the ...