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Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger Feb 2015

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Rural regions of the United States have experienced detrimental out-migration, or brain drain, of college-educated individuals. The present study used survey data, gathered with an interactive website tool containing a comprehensive collection of economic and lifestyle features, to determine those most important in migration decisions for public university graduating seniors from the rural state of Iowa. Economic features (overall cost of living and a strong local economy) were ranked as the top features, followed by lifestyle features including two surprising features (access to basic consumer goods and access to health facilities). The impact of individual differences on the likelihood of ...


Develop A Social Return On Investment Framework For Iowa Rural Bridge Transportation Asset Management, Maria Catalina Miller Jan 2015

Develop A Social Return On Investment Framework For Iowa Rural Bridge Transportation Asset Management, Maria Catalina Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In 2012, the U.S. Congress passed the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act, which funds surface transportation programs and transforms the policy and programmatic framework for capital investments to guide the growth and development of the country's vital transportation infrastructure. Within many of its goals, MAP-21 supports the economic growth of the regions and requires each state to develop a Transportation Asset Management (TAM) plan (FHWA-5 2012).

Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a framework for the Iowa Department of Transportation (IADOT) to help in the prioritization and allocation of the ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso Jun 2014

Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Abstract

Problems of food access, food insecurity and hunger, are linked to numerous adverse health outcomes as well as highlight social justice problems, such as spatial segregation and neighborhood deprivation, within the larger food system. This project explores the links between food systems, access, and food practices among low-income residents living in the Queensbridge micro-neighborhood located within the larger neighborhood of Long Island City, NYC. Given the complexity of the issues surrounding the food system and the differential impacts on people across various socio-economic statuses the aims of this study include gaining a better understanding of the issues and processes ...


Evaluation Of Systemic Safety Methodologies On Low-Volume Rural Paved Roadways, Georges Elias Bou Saab Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Systemic Safety Methodologies On Low-Volume Rural Paved Roadways, Georges Elias Bou Saab

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Prioritizing locations in rural areas has been a major concern to various transportation agencies due to the wide-spread nature of crashes on rural roadways. A systemic (more proactive) approach is required to rank sites in this case since the traditional "hot spot" method only considers crash data. The thesis was based on a prioritization project funded by Mid-America Transportation Center (MATC). Several systemic safety methodologies were explored and summarized in the report. However, one technique was selected, i.e. Minnesota CRSP approach, on the basis of a decision-making matrix that included five factors. The selected technique was applied on secondary ...


Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope Jan 2014

Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The city of Des Moines, Iowa has employed both community policing techniques as well as extensive neighborhood revitalization efforts on an ongoing basis since being selected as one of the first cities to participate in the Model Cities program in 1966. Since then, Des Moines has evolved its neighborhood revitalization and community policing programs into effective tools to facilitate the overall revitalization goal in Des Moines. This thesis uses historical review and human-subject interviews to analyze the effectiveness of these programs and whether their collaboration has enhanced the overall goal of revitalizing Des Moines' neighborhoods. The thesis also explores whether ...


Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores Oct 2012

Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This poem is dedicated to Geoffrey Canada and the Harlem Children’s Zone and to Luis Rodriguez. I wrote this poem in response to the frustration I was feeling while delving into policy questions and strategies with various community leaders and think tank wonks about how to reverse the disparities of young men and boys of color in California. I am an original member of the Alliance for Boys and Men of Color, a coalition of community based organizations, researchers, foundations, and public systems engaging in a 10-year strategy to improve outcomes for boys and men of color, which was ...


Beyond The Narrative: A Case Study Analysis Of Housing Policy Change In A Midwestern State, Jennifer Roberts Jan 2012

Beyond The Narrative: A Case Study Analysis Of Housing Policy Change In A Midwestern State, Jennifer Roberts

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, federal housing policy has attempted to address problems associated with concentrated poverty through programs that promote geographic mobility and the dispersal of low income households. However, while cities such as Chicago are redeveloping public housing communities and dispersing poor households, some Midwestern communities are preemptively passing legislation that would prevent a diaspora of low income migrants from moving to their communities to obtain housing assistance. Specifically, some public housing authorities are creating jurisdictional waiting lists that give preference to applicants residing in their jurisdiction, effectively reducing the ability of out-of-jurisdiction residents to receive housing assistance in their ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt Jan 2008

An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creative economy concept has recently become increasingly popular. Although the concept is popular and research is being conducted on it, there has been a lack of research on the creative economy in rural communities. This thesis attempts to determine the characteristics that define the creative economy in rural communities. Previous research found that creative workers prefer communities with certain characteristics which include technology, talent, tolerance, lifestyle, and authenticity/identity (Florida 2002). The results of this study indicate that rural creative communities in the Midwest tend to have higher percentages of residents with at least a bachelor's degree, more ...


Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2007

Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

President George Bush presented one of his major post-9/11 foreign aid initiatives – the Millennium Challenge Account – as a tool for counteracting both global poverty and international terrorism. The policy is based on the view that poverty and terrorism are linked and therefore alleviating poverty would help combat terrorism. The design and the implementation of the program however suggest that the U.S. government may have other intentions for the MCA, including overhauling the foreign aid regime. This paper discusses the MCA’s effectiveness in addressing both poverty and terrorism by highlighting the complex relationships between them. It also discusses ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei Jan 2007

Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research focused on the impacts of urbanization in natural resources and land-cover changes due to urban development in Dakota County, Minnesota. An existing planning guide, the 2030 Regional Development Framework (2030 RDF) for the Twin Cities Metro Area, was analyzed and employed as a reference in this research. Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was used to help determine characteristics of urban land-cover changes, such as population change, land cover changes, and the environmental impacts on natural resources caused by urban development. Furthermore, land suitability modeling was utilized to analyze possible future development, from the perspectives of urban expansion and ...


A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth Jan 2007

A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The availability of tax revenue data in digital format prompted a study of Iowa communities with respect to their general property tax mill rate and the presence or absence of a hotel and motel tax. Both of these revenue sources are dispersed entirely to the local community. The revenue does not remain in the State's general fund. Alternative tax revenue sources are an important component in the decision making process of local city planners, city managers and community development administrators.;The intent of this thesis was to determine if there is an association between the general property tax mill ...


How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske Jan 2007

How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban form and sense of community have been explored as distinct disciplinary concepts for decades; however, often without the endorsement of a normative standard or measure. The purpose of this study was to explore the interrelationship of these concepts by comparing two Northern Virginia neighborhoods, which are in close proximity to Washington, DC. Brambleton, a traditional neighborhood development, and Stratford, a nearby conventional suburban development, were chosen as case study communities due to their physical representation of distinct urban forms and socio-demographic characteristics. Neighborhood residents were surveyed regarding the impact of their immediate built environment and their perception of physical ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore Jan 2007

An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Land use and land cover change analyses are important tools for planning and development decisions. Tropical deforestation has both local and global implications. One main reason for deforestation is the conversion of forest to agricultural land. This study explores influences and potential causes for agricultural expansion and deforestation within the Toledo District in southern Belize, Central America. Many factors play into the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests in this district, including social, cultural, political and economic issues, all of which need serious consideration if planners and politicians are to combat the problem. Understanding the reasons for deforestation goes hand ...


Evaluating People's Accessibility To Public Parks Using Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study In Ames, Iowa , Isha Kaphle Jan 2006

Evaluating People's Accessibility To Public Parks Using Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study In Ames, Iowa , Isha Kaphle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on urban service delivery, such as transportation services, medical services, park and recreation services, employment services, etc. has proliferated during past few decades. These research deals with who are the disadvantaged, where they are located and what type of characteristics do they have in terms of socio-economic and demographic profiles. This study gives particular attention to empirical studies and presents a method for drawing conclusions about spatial equity in distribution of services. The methodology presented is a step by step approach of using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Spatial Analysis that is easy for adoption by any public authority ...


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...


Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson Jan 1998

Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research develops an assessment methodology to estimate traveler information benefits using regional travel demand and microscopic simulation approaches in combination. This method uses the strengths of the two conventional approaches in an innovative way, providing essentially a pseudo-dynamic model capability that uses readily available data and is easy to understand and implement. The pseudo-dynamic model provides measures of delay that are more reasonable than those available through either of the model sub-components individually;While attempts have been made to develop dynamic regional planning models, regional model "simulation" is not yet available. Therefore, the approach addresses several gaps in capabilities ...


Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin Jan 1995

Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three papers examine residential satisfaction, housing quality, and reported change in residential quality for households headed by single-parent women or divorced parents. Families headed by single or remarried parents are vulnerable to housing problems in that they are more likely than nuclear families to have low levels of economic resources and unmet housing needs. Three separate analyses of different data sets add to the understanding of the housing adjustment behaviors of households with non-normative family structures;The first paper reports the operationalization and testing of measures of personality characteristics to predict housing and neighborhood satisfaction. The results suggest that personality ...


Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire Jan 1995

Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Aggregate is the general name given to sand, gravel, limestone or other crushed stone materials. Crushed stone, in one form or another, is used in nearly every construction project. However, for a variety of reasons, the average citizen does not realize the importance or need for construction aggregate. As a result, individuals or groups who feel they may be negatively affected by the presence of an aggregate mine, frequently organize to oppose granting the permits required to operate them;A review of the literature suggests obtaining the permits required to mine and process construction aggregate is becoming a more difficult ...


Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason Jan 1993

Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia Jan 1989

The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Local sponsors of federal projects may redefine policy initiatives and implementation strategies to be consistent with local perceptions of need and available resources. These local solutions may not be adequate to sustain the project or to address the larger societal good that is the prime policy objective. As a result, the policy fails to achieve its stated objectives and the societal good may be compromised. The study examines the implementation of a watershed project to learn how implementation strategies can be better devised to increase local compliance;The Little Sioux Watershed program in Western Iowa provides the empirical data for ...