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Articles 1 - 30 of 72

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Tweeting The Gendered City: Analysis Of Harassment, Reflections On Justice, Nina M. Flores Aug 2017

Tweeting The Gendered City: Analysis Of Harassment, Reflections On Justice, Nina M. Flores

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Street harassment is a gender-based injustice experienced in public spaces. In this research, I draw on feminist perspectives and explore the stages of social movements to study how social media platform Twitter is used to share and process experiences with street harassment, pass along resources and media about street harassment, and to engage in anti-street harassment organizing and movement building activities. I detail a qualitative approach to social media research, introduce the concept of listening in Twitter-based research, and conclude with ideas for future research.


An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh Jul 2017

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Many previous disasters have demonstrated the need for extensive personal, public, and governmental expenditures for housing recovery highlighting the importance of studying housing recovery. Yet, much research is still needed to fully understand the multi-faceted and complex nature of housing recovery. The goal of this paper is to present a holistic model to further the understanding of the dynamic processes and interdependencies of housing recovery. The impetus for this work is that inequalities in housing recovery could be addressed more effectively if we better understood interconnected factors and dynamic processes that slow down recovery for some. Currently, there is a ...


Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Jan 2017

Transforming Pervasive Into Collaborative: Engaging Youth As Leaders With Gis Through A Framework That Integrates Technologies, Storytelling, And Action, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Publications

This paper presents the methods and preliminary results gained in geographic information systems (GIS)-based participatory activities designed to engage youth in urban planning. We describe our engagement framework that integrates such pervasive IT tools as GIS, online serious games, agent-based modeling, and mobile participatory GIS into engagement strategies that tap into what we see as the storytelling capabilities of these tools. We show how these methods help citizens, in our case youth, assume leadership roles and take positive, tangible actions in their communities. This paper summarizes the elements of our framework and the initial results of a program called ...


Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar Jan 2017

Architecture Of Care In The Urban Public Space: A Philosophical Inquiry In ‘Ethics Of Care’ To Inform The Nature Of The Urban Public Space, Rucha Vivek Newalkar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within any urban setting, the public space has always reflected the city’s social, economic, cultural, and environmental well-being. In the broader discussion of urban environmental sustainability, however, there has been a pronounced dualism and an implicit hierarchy of value when looking at the city-ecology paradigm. This corresponds to the political-social, human- nature and especially subject-object divides within the perspectives on the sustainability of urban public spaces. I associate this divide and the subsequent domination of pedagogies that lack feminist approaches in analyzing qualitative aspects like experience, well-being, and equity. Do public spaces belong to women and nature? Do women ...


Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit, Nadia Anderson Jan 2016

Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit, Nadia Anderson

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Community agriculture and food systems offers many inviting opportunities for communities of varying sizes. This project engaged in efforts to increase and enhance local food options in three Iowa communities.


The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman Jan 2016

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Suburbia and the American Dream have long, complex history in the United States. As the visual manifestation of the American Dream since the mid-twenty first century, suburbia has been criticized for being placeless, unhealthy, discriminatory, and wasteful. Alternative development methods have been created to combat the growth of suburban sprawl to create “places worth caring about” (Kunstler, 2007). This research study, through the methodology of oral history, uses in-depth interviews and morphological study to continue the narrative of suburbia and the American Dream as it exists in two alternative developments in Central Iowa: Prairie Trail in Ankeny and Glynn Village ...


Lady Researchers: Mapping Urban Community And Learning Spaces, Carla A. Mcnelly, Carla A. Dawson, Katherine R. Bruna Jan 2016

Lady Researchers: Mapping Urban Community And Learning Spaces, Carla A. Mcnelly, Carla A. Dawson, Katherine R. Bruna

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This paper documents a collaborative research project with middle and high school young women during an afterschool program at Children and Family Urban Movement (CFUM) in Des Moines, Iowa. A research team consisting of members from the School of Education, Community and Regional Planning, Human Development and Family Studies, and Extension and Outreach from Iowa State University partnered with CFUM to provide programming for gender-specific youth called Design Dialogues. The research team, with the help of ISU Undergraduate Facilitators, conducted six discussion groups with middle and high school youth. During the fall of 2015, The Whyld Girls, also known as ...


Throne Of Ames, Emerald Klauer Jun 2015

Throne Of Ames, Emerald Klauer

Ethos

A map of Ames college communities styled after the Game of Thrones franchise.


Boroughs Of Ames, Ethos Magazine, Emerald Klauer May 2015

Boroughs Of Ames, Ethos Magazine, Emerald Klauer

Ethos

Short descriptions of each major neighborhood of Ames, as provided by Ethos staff.


Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger Feb 2015

Will They Stay Or Will They Go? Community Features Important In Migration Decisions Of Recent University Graduates, Ann Marie Fiore, Linda S. Niehm, Jessica L. Hurst, Jihyeong Son, Amrut Sadachar, David W. Russell, David Swenson, Christopher Seeger

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Rural regions of the United States have experienced detrimental out-migration, or brain drain, of college-educated individuals. The present study used survey data, gathered with an interactive website tool containing a comprehensive collection of economic and lifestyle features, to determine those most important in migration decisions for public university graduating seniors from the rural state of Iowa. Economic features (overall cost of living and a strong local economy) were ranked as the top features, followed by lifestyle features including two surprising features (access to basic consumer goods and access to health facilities). The impact of individual differences on the likelihood of ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage Jan 2015

Understanding Competing Motivations For Urban Agriculture: An Analysis Of U.S. Municipal Ordinance Adoption, Andrea Vaage

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities are increasingly responding to zoning regulations that act as a barrier to the practice of urban agriculture activities. While there has been some case-study research on municipalities engaging in large urban agriculture policy efforts, a framework for analyzing urban agriculture ordinances on a national scale has not yet been established. This research is an exploratory analysis of the motivations for urban agriculture ordinance adoption utilizing a theoretical framework of neoliberalism to understand the potential for urban agriculture to be used either as a tool to reinforce or alter neoliberal structures. Responses from 34 municipalities throughout the United States that ...


Develop A Social Return On Investment Framework For Iowa Rural Bridge Transportation Asset Management, Maria Catalina Miller Jan 2015

Develop A Social Return On Investment Framework For Iowa Rural Bridge Transportation Asset Management, Maria Catalina Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In 2012, the U.S. Congress passed the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act, which funds surface transportation programs and transforms the policy and programmatic framework for capital investments to guide the growth and development of the country's vital transportation infrastructure. Within many of its goals, MAP-21 supports the economic growth of the regions and requires each state to develop a Transportation Asset Management (TAM) plan (FHWA-5 2012).

Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a framework for the Iowa Department of Transportation (IADOT) to help in the prioritization and allocation of the ...


An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester Jan 2015

An Exploratory Case Study Of Three Scales Of Food Pantries In Story County, Iowa, Jacqueline Ann Nester

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Story County, Iowa, has the highest rate of food insecurity (15.2%) in the state (12.7%). As a result of this large need, the county has responded by creating 16 private food pantries and one soup kitchen. Many people, however, require both public (e.g. SNAP, WIC, TEFAP, and School Lunch/Breakfast Program) and private assistance, indicating the depth of food insecurity is great. As a result of this growing demand for private emergency food to supplement public food assistance programming, questions emerge about the effectiveness of this approach. Thus, an exploratory case study looking at three scales of ...


An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Travel Behavior Of University Population Consisting Of Students, Faculty And Staff At Iowa State University, Meghna Chakraborty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study of travel behavior is one of the key areas in the field of transportation planning. However, there is has been limited research on the travel behavior of university population. With the help of analyzing the travel behavior of university population including students and employees, this study attempts to answer the following questions: (i) what are the modal choices of the students and employees in a rural university setting? (ii) how employees and university students from the same university are different in terms of travel behavior? (iii) what are the influencing factors or determinants of the travel pattern of ...


Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso Jun 2014

Searching For Food (Justice): Understanding Access In An Under-Served Food Environment In New York City, Christine C. Caruso

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Abstract

Problems of food access, food insecurity and hunger, are linked to numerous adverse health outcomes as well as highlight social justice problems, such as spatial segregation and neighborhood deprivation, within the larger food system. This project explores the links between food systems, access, and food practices among low-income residents living in the Queensbridge micro-neighborhood located within the larger neighborhood of Long Island City, NYC. Given the complexity of the issues surrounding the food system and the differential impacts on people across various socio-economic statuses the aims of this study include gaining a better understanding of the issues and processes ...


"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson Jan 2014

"Keep It Rural": The Politics Of Planning For Smart Growth In South Fulton County, Georgia, Eric John Christianson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The politics and practice of planning exurban areas in the United States has been a major focus of debate since the 1950s. Urban growth management and more recently smart growth have arisen in response to the sprawling forms of development that are characteristic of most North American cities. While these movements represent the development of a broad set of tools for directing growth and preserving agriculturally and biologically important land, political and institutional barriers to their implementation remain strong. A more robust understanding of the political environment in which plans with strong growth management are enacted and implemented is necessary ...


Evaluation Of Systemic Safety Methodologies On Low-Volume Rural Paved Roadways, Georges Elias Bou Saab Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Systemic Safety Methodologies On Low-Volume Rural Paved Roadways, Georges Elias Bou Saab

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Prioritizing locations in rural areas has been a major concern to various transportation agencies due to the wide-spread nature of crashes on rural roadways. A systemic (more proactive) approach is required to rank sites in this case since the traditional "hot spot" method only considers crash data. The thesis was based on a prioritization project funded by Mid-America Transportation Center (MATC). Several systemic safety methodologies were explored and summarized in the report. However, one technique was selected, i.e. Minnesota CRSP approach, on the basis of a decision-making matrix that included five factors. The selected technique was applied on secondary ...


Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope Jan 2014

Has The Addition Of Community Policing In Neighborhoods Targeted For Revitalization Enhanced The Community Revitalization Process - A Case Study Of Des Moines, Iowa From 1966 To 2012, Theodore Stroope

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The city of Des Moines, Iowa has employed both community policing techniques as well as extensive neighborhood revitalization efforts on an ongoing basis since being selected as one of the first cities to participate in the Model Cities program in 1966. Since then, Des Moines has evolved its neighborhood revitalization and community policing programs into effective tools to facilitate the overall revitalization goal in Des Moines. This thesis uses historical review and human-subject interviews to analyze the effectiveness of these programs and whether their collaboration has enhanced the overall goal of revitalizing Des Moines' neighborhoods. The thesis also explores whether ...


Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu May 2013

Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The desire to increase domestic revenue mobilization has made tax reform a priority for governments in many developing countries. Addressing the tax problem, however, is often a complex process that involves reforming the tax system, as well as setting up effective administrative structures to administer that system. Many see the revenue authority (RA) model as the solution to these problems. Developing an RA model in Ghana began in the mid 1980s; it was not, however, fully operational and integrated until 2010. Using social learning theory, we argue that Ghana’s successful readoption of the RA model can be attributed to ...


Gender In The Modernist City: Shaping Power Relations And National Identity With The Construction Of Brasilia, Larissa Pires Jan 2013

Gender In The Modernist City: Shaping Power Relations And National Identity With The Construction Of Brasilia, Larissa Pires

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explores the period from 1956 to 1960, when Brazil officially relocated its political center from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia. It examines the complex process of defining national identity for Brazilian citizens in a frontier city, within the framework of conflicting racial, social, and gender roles and expectations. Methodologically, this work is based on an extensive research of Brasilia's public records, newspapers, and oral-history interviews with some of the men and women who lived and worked in Brasilia. Most of the primary sources used are found in Brasilia's Public Archives.

Building on existing scholarship, this work ...


Time To Grow Up: The Rise And Fall Of Spring Break In Fort Lauderdale, James Joseph Schiltz Jan 2013

Time To Grow Up: The Rise And Fall Of Spring Break In Fort Lauderdale, James Joseph Schiltz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While the 1960 release of Where the Boys Are truly institutionalized spring break as a rite of passage among American youth, the film also established Fort Lauderdale as a mecca for these collegiate pilgrimages. For the next quarter century, Fort Lauderdale was the unquestioned spring break capital of the United States. As students annually invaded their city thereafter, local residents developed a reluctant symbiotic relationship with the tradition. Although spring break was instrumental in fostering Fort Lauderdale's incredible postwar growth and carving the city's niche in Florida's emerging tourism industry, many citizens over the years grew concerned ...


Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon Jan 2013

Green Roof Biodiversity In Design: Influence Of Local And Contextual Attributes On Bird Usage, Henry Narigon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this research is to identify how species of birds use urban green roofs in Iowa with the intent to eventually develop a set of guidelines for optimizing habitat on green roofs. Ten green roofs were observed for bird usage five times each between May to August, 2013 for a total of fifty observations. Birds were identified by species and their behavior was recorded during the duration of the observations. Data shows that birds use green roofs for a number of uses including foraging and gathering nest material. Bird diversity data was then compared with both green roof ...


A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans Jan 2013

A Case Study On The Food Retail Environment Of Accra, Ghana, Shelley Jayne Oltmans

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increased presence of modern/Western style food retail outlets is changing the food retail environment in many developing countries. This phenomenon, known as "supermarketization," is just recently taking off in Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a case study methodology, this research uses direct observation, retailer interviews, mapping, a food retail assessment and household surveys, first to describe the food retail environment of consumers in the neighborhood of Ashongman Estates, located in Accra, Ghana. Second, the study evaluates consumer access to food and consumer behavior related to retail outlets and food types. Results demonstrate that, although supermarkets have entered the food retail ...


Micro-Farming: Reducing Rural And Urban Food Deserts Through Job Training, Matt Mancuso Jan 2013

Micro-Farming: Reducing Rural And Urban Food Deserts Through Job Training, Matt Mancuso

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The Dream to Farm: Micro-Farming program was created and extensive follow-up took place for a year afterwards. Participants were placed in three different categories: contributing, developing and not contributing to the local food system.


Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores Oct 2012

Gravity's Volume, Paul S. Flores

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This poem is dedicated to Geoffrey Canada and the Harlem Children’s Zone and to Luis Rodriguez. I wrote this poem in response to the frustration I was feeling while delving into policy questions and strategies with various community leaders and think tank wonks about how to reverse the disparities of young men and boys of color in California. I am an original member of the Alliance for Boys and Men of Color, a coalition of community based organizations, researchers, foundations, and public systems engaging in a 10-year strategy to improve outcomes for boys and men of color, which was ...


A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young Jan 2012

A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research uses a community capitals framework to explore immigrant access to community resources and the influence this access has on community solidarity. The community capitals framework allowed the researcher to target common community resources within Marshalltown, Iowa, a meatpacking community that has experienced a high influx of Latino immigrants. Successful integration of new immigrants is predicated on the availability of tools such as bilingual interpreters, bilingual outreach materials, and flexible identification systems. As institutional practices influence Latino access to public institutions, providing such tools becomes a key strategy for local governments on how to better serve their community by ...


Empowerment In The Context Of Climate Change: How Community-Based Organizations Can Play A Role In Engaging Citizens, Annie Thompson Heuscher Jan 2012

Empowerment In The Context Of Climate Change: How Community-Based Organizations Can Play A Role In Engaging Citizens, Annie Thompson Heuscher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Climate change has been noted by many as "perhaps the most profound challenge ever to have confronted human social, political, and economic systems" (Dryzek, Norgaard, and Schlosberg 2011, 3). Humans around the world though, have failed to develop an effective response. Significant research in the past has explored the reasons why people choose not to take action on climate change; this research seeks to understand the motivations and experiences of those who do choose to take action on climate change. Through a case study methodology, this research uses in-depth interviews with participants of a Transition Initiative in southern Appalachia to ...


Beyond The Narrative: A Case Study Analysis Of Housing Policy Change In A Midwestern State, Jennifer Roberts Jan 2012

Beyond The Narrative: A Case Study Analysis Of Housing Policy Change In A Midwestern State, Jennifer Roberts

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, federal housing policy has attempted to address problems associated with concentrated poverty through programs that promote geographic mobility and the dispersal of low income households. However, while cities such as Chicago are redeveloping public housing communities and dispersing poor households, some Midwestern communities are preemptively passing legislation that would prevent a diaspora of low income migrants from moving to their communities to obtain housing assistance. Specifically, some public housing authorities are creating jurisdictional waiting lists that give preference to applicants residing in their jurisdiction, effectively reducing the ability of out-of-jurisdiction residents to receive housing assistance in their ...