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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Neighborhood Retail Commercial Study: Cleveland, Ohio, Kirby Date, Robert A. Simons, Matthew Martin Thomas, Larry Laprade, Rachel Oscar Dec 2016

Neighborhood Retail Commercial Study: Cleveland, Ohio, Kirby Date, Robert A. Simons, Matthew Martin Thomas, Larry Laprade, Rachel Oscar

Urban Publications

While affordable housing is the foundation of neighborhood revitalization, retail commercial development is also a pressing development issue facing urban legacy city neighborhoods. Retail opportunity in urban legacy city neighborhoods has been decimated over many years as population has declined, and competing commercial centers have blossomed. And yet, retail commercial development holds opportunities for local community resident investment and entrepreneurship, training of youth and others in entry-level jobs, and creation of vibrant opportunities for resident and business interaction.

This project was defined to answer some critical questions about retail development in urban neighborhoods. What are the typical urban shopping patterns ...


Did Low Voter Turnout In Minority Neighborhoods Drive Trump’S Victory In Ohio? What The Cuyahoga County Results Indicate, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Dec 2016

Did Low Voter Turnout In Minority Neighborhoods Drive Trump’S Victory In Ohio? What The Cuyahoga County Results Indicate, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Donald Trump won Ohio’s 18 Electoral College votes by a margin of more than 446,000 ballots (2,841,005 for Trump versus 2,394,164 for Clinton). Some observers have suggested that low voter turn-out among African American and Hispanic/Latino residents in urbanized counties played an important role in Trump’s Ohio victory.


Practitioner Guidebook: Measuring Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Merissa Piazza Dec 2016

Practitioner Guidebook: Measuring Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Merissa Piazza

Urban Publications

This study, with support from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, focuses on two major empirical questions: 1) Does the theoretical model established by Stangler and Bell-Masterson (2015) quantitatively hold for regions? Meaning, when the theoretical model is empirically evaluated, will the same data groupings emerge? and 2) What are the key indicators which entrepreneurs and the economic literature view as essential for entrepreneurial ecosystem vibrancy?


Measuring Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Caroline Taich, Merissa Piazza, Kara Carter, Alexa Wilcox Dec 2016

Measuring Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Caroline Taich, Merissa Piazza, Kara Carter, Alexa Wilcox

Urban Publications

Examining entrepreneurial ecosystem measurement is an interesting and important research activity for several reasons. First, there is a significant amount of taxpayer investment in play through public financing of small businesses and early stage companies. Second, practitioners and funders are currently seeking ways to expand entrepreneurial activity in order to increase regional prosperity.

The goal of this research study is to quantitatively and qualitatively explore the indicators of entrepreneurial ecosystems. This study, with support from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, focuses on two major questions: 1) what are the indicators of an entrepreneurial ecosystem, and which of these best reflect ...


The Vote For Trump/Pence In Cuyahoga County, By Race/Ethnicity And Educational Attainment, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson Nov 2016

The Vote For Trump/Pence In Cuyahoga County, By Race/Ethnicity And Educational Attainment, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Model Tree Canopy Cover Management Regulation, Kirby Date Nov 2016

Model Tree Canopy Cover Management Regulation, Kirby Date

Urban Publications

This version of a model regulation for Tree Canopy Cover Management has been developed for the purposes of discussion with community leaders, arborists, technical experts, and the development community in Ohio. It has not yet received full legal review and/or endorsement or adoption by any entity.

This model represents a strong departure from traditional tree protection regulations. It does not require protection of any class of trees. Instead it focuses on the stormwater, health and safety benefits of trees in communities over the long term. Quality of the tree living environment is prioritized over tree size and retention. Specific ...


Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: How Competition Has Outperformed Traditional Monopoly Regulation, Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter, Taekyoung Lim Nov 2016

Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: How Competition Has Outperformed Traditional Monopoly Regulation, Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter, Taekyoung Lim

Urban Publications

It took nearly a decade of sorting out regulatory problems, but by 2011 deregulation of the market for electricity generation in Ohio began to work exactly how economic theory projected it would. Since 2011, a robust retail market for electricity has developed in Ohio. As a result, deregulation of electricity has saved consumers an average of $3 billion per year, for a total of $15 billion over five years. Moreover, it is projected to continue to save consumers nearly that amount for the next five years, through 2020, totaling another $15 billion in savings. Further, the Midwestern deregulated states (Ohio ...


Who Votes Early In-Person In Cuyahoga County?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson Nov 2016

Who Votes Early In-Person In Cuyahoga County?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Housing Impact Of Shale Development In Eastern Ohio Update: October 2016, Iryna Lendel, Kathryn W. Hexter, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis Nov 2016

Housing Impact Of Shale Development In Eastern Ohio Update: October 2016, Iryna Lendel, Kathryn W. Hexter, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis

Urban Publications

This quarterly update of the Housing Impact of Shale Drilling Study and Dashboard (Appendix 1) includes lead indicators measuring oil and gas shale development activities in the third quarter and lagged indicators measuring the housing market in second quarter of 2016. As with the first report and dashboard, the companion documents were prepared by a team of researchers from Cleveland State University’s Levin College of Urban Affairs (CSU) for the Ohio Housing Finance Agency (OHFA) to monitor the impact of the Utica shale development industry on housing affordability and availability in eight counties of eastern Ohio where the core ...


Eastern Ohio Shale & Housing Dashboard - October 1, 2016, Iryna Lendel, Kathryn W. Hexter, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis Oct 2016

Eastern Ohio Shale & Housing Dashboard - October 1, 2016, Iryna Lendel, Kathryn W. Hexter, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Midstream Challenges And Downstream Opportunities In The Tri-State Region, Iryna Lendel, Andrew R. Thomas, Bryan Townley Sep 2016

Midstream Challenges And Downstream Opportunities In The Tri-State Region, Iryna Lendel, Andrew R. Thomas, Bryan Townley

Urban Publications

To date, much of the work evaluating economic development opportunity resulting from shale has focused primarily on the upstream (exploration and production) side of the oil gas business. However, it has been apparent for some time that regional industries that transmit, process and consume natural gas would benefit greatly from a local source of cheap and abundant natural gas. Moreover, it has also become apparent that certain locations within the Marcellus and Utica shale formations produce gas rich in natural gas liquids (“NGLs”). The result has been the rapid development of a midstream infrastructure in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia ...


Trends In Occupational Employment In The Cleveland Msa: 2010 To 2015, Merissa Piazza Sep 2016

Trends In Occupational Employment In The Cleveland Msa: 2010 To 2015, Merissa Piazza

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Cuyahoga Countywide Housing Study: County Planning, Kathryn W. Hexter Aug 2016

Cuyahoga Countywide Housing Study: County Planning, Kathryn W. Hexter

Urban Publications

For many communities in the industrial Midwest, the changing economy has resulted in population loss. Combined with changes in population settlement, housing preferences, and demographics, Cuyahoga County is now faced with an oversupply of housing mismatched to the needs of current and future households. To address this disparity, the County is performing a housing study that will address the full needs of our communities: new construction where warranted, rehabilitation where feasible, and demolition where necessary.


Eastern Ohio Shale & Housing Dashboard - Quarters 1&2, 2016, Kathryn W. Hexter, Iryna Lendel, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis Aug 2016

Eastern Ohio Shale & Housing Dashboard - Quarters 1&2, 2016, Kathryn W. Hexter, Iryna Lendel, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Housing Impact Of Shale Development In Eastern Ohio, Kathryn W. Hexter, Iryna Lendel, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis Aug 2016

Housing Impact Of Shale Development In Eastern Ohio, Kathryn W. Hexter, Iryna Lendel, Charlie Post, Nick Downer, Sydney Martis

Urban Publications

This report and the accompanying Eastern Ohio Shale and Housing Dashboard (http://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/urban_facpub/1383/) were prepared by a team of researchers from Cleveland State University’s Levin College of Urban Affairs (CSU) for the Ohio Housing Finance Agency (OHFA) to monitor the impact of the Utica shale development industry on housing affordability and availability in eight counties of eastern Ohio. The eight counties (Belmont, Carroll, Columbiana, Guernsey, Harrison, Jefferson, Monroe, and Noble) are home to the largest concentrations of shale activity in the state.

The research team developed three indicators related to shale development (well count, potential ...


Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief July 2016: Population Loss And Development Trends In Cleveland, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell, Charlie Post, Kyle Fee Jul 2016

Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief July 2016: Population Loss And Development Trends In Cleveland, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell, Charlie Post, Kyle Fee

Urban Publications

When a place loses population, it’s assumed that’s because people leave. But it’s not that simple. What’s lost in translation is today’s households have fewer people living in them than they did years prior. For instance, 40% of mothers aged 40 to 44 had four or more children in 1976. Today, it’s 14%. Overall, the average American household contracted from 3.14 people in 1970 to 2.54 today. This can explain the apparent paradox of population loss in “shrinking” communities while the number of occupied households grows.

Such was the case in Cuyahoga ...


Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County 2015 Update: Ninth Annual Report January 1 - December 31, 2015, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke Jun 2016

Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County 2015 Update: Ninth Annual Report January 1 - December 31, 2015, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke

Urban Publications

The Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs has been the evaluation partner for the Cuyahoga County Foreclosure Prevention Program (CCFPP) since the program was adopted in 2006. This report is an update to the County for 2015. The evaluation provides the County with metrics to track progress and provides feedback about the program that can be used to improve and adapt it to meet the rapidly changing state and national context surrounding foreclosures.

Since consistent tracking began in 2009, the Cuyahoga County foreclosure prevention program has served over 24,000 homeowners at the five participating counseling agencies. In 2015 ...


Fellowship Programs: Best Practice Scan, Walter Wright, Kathryn W. Hexter, Joyce Huang Jun 2016

Fellowship Programs: Best Practice Scan, Walter Wright, Kathryn W. Hexter, Joyce Huang

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Best Practices Of Creating Innovation Exchange Web Portals Across The States, Iryna Lendel, Simon Husted, Luke Seaberg, Serena Alexander Jun 2016

Best Practices Of Creating Innovation Exchange Web Portals Across The States, Iryna Lendel, Simon Husted, Luke Seaberg, Serena Alexander

Urban Publications

Since their initial development in the late 1990s, expert web portals have been an evolving tool for universities, systems of higher education, and economic development organizations. The web portals are searchable, web-based databases of university scholars and researchers that feature, at a minimum, information on their expertise, innovation products and publications. Many of the portals are growing to include information on universities’ physical assets and equipment, regional strengths, and additional services such as networking and analytical tools for research.

Although these searchable databases have proven useful in helping economic development leaders, government, research colleagues, and internal university staff, their role ...


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2015, Iryna Lendel, Luke Seaberg Jun 2016

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2015, Iryna Lendel, Luke Seaberg

Urban Publications

This report presents an analysis of the economic impact of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s John H. Glenn Research Center (NASA Glenn) during its fiscal year (FY) 2015. It uses an input-output model, which reflects the buy-sell relationships among industries, the household sector, and the government sector in a region, to estimate the effect of NASA Glenn’s spending on the economies of both Northeast Ohio and the state of Ohio.

This model assesses economic impact in terms of growth in total output (sales); value added (output less intermediary goods); household earnings, number of new and supported jobs ...


Population: Fifth Migration, Crain Content Studio Cleveland May 2016

Population: Fifth Migration, Crain Content Studio Cleveland

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Cleveland’S Greater University Circle Initiative: An Anchor-Based Strategy For Change, Walter Wright, Kathryn W. Hexter, Nick Downer May 2016

Cleveland’S Greater University Circle Initiative: An Anchor-Based Strategy For Change, Walter Wright, Kathryn W. Hexter, Nick Downer

Urban Publications

Cities are increasingly turning to their “anchor” institutions as drivers of economic development, harnessing the power of these major economic players to benefit the neighborhoods where they are rooted. This is especially true for cities that are struggling with widespread poverty and disinvestment. Urban anchors— typically hospitals and universities—have sometimes isolated themselves from the poor and struggling neighborhoods that surround them. But this is changing. Since the late 1990s, as population, jobs, and investment have migrated outward, these “rooted in place” institutions are becoming a key to the long, hard work of revitalization. In Cleveland, the Greater University Circle ...


Greater University Circle Initiative: Year 5 Evaluation Report, Kathryn W. Hexter, Candi Clouse, Kenneth Kalynchuk May 2016

Greater University Circle Initiative: Year 5 Evaluation Report, Kathryn W. Hexter, Candi Clouse, Kenneth Kalynchuk

Urban Publications

In 2015, the partners of the Greater University Circle Economic Inclusion Initiative reached an important milestone—5 years of working together to revitalize the seven neighborhoods that comprise Greater University Circle (GUC). This milestone offers an opportunity to take a step back and reflect on why the group first came together as well as their collective accomplishments, challenges, and opportunities. This fifth evaluation report includes a very brief summary of the history of the Initiative before launching into reflections from the participants on the major accomplishments, challenges, and opportunities on the horizon. It concludes with significant outcomes to date. The ...


Downtown Cleveland: The Dynamic Engine Of A Talent-Driven Economy, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell, Charlie Post May 2016

Downtown Cleveland: The Dynamic Engine Of A Talent-Driven Economy, Richey Piiparinen, Jim Russell, Charlie Post

Urban Publications

Cities have long been seen as places serving a variety of purposes. In 1933, for example, the architect Le Corbusier detailed four essential roles of a functional city. A working city is one that provides dwelling, work, recreation, and circulation to its people.

Throughout the 20th century, trends in city building were to separate these functions into differing spaces. There were areas meant for living (the suburbs), areas meant for working (the central business district), and areas meant for playing (the entertainment district).

More recently, the trend has been to move away from the division of city life toward a ...


High-Growth Firms: Delineating Definitions, Industries, And Business Cycle Performance, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Serena Alexander, Ellen Cyran, Deborah D. Hoover, Ray Leach May 2016

High-Growth Firms: Delineating Definitions, Industries, And Business Cycle Performance, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Serena Alexander, Ellen Cyran, Deborah D. Hoover, Ray Leach

Urban Publications

There are strong reasons to believe that public policy affects the prevalence and success of entrepreneurial firms, and there is consensus in the literature that high-growth firms (HGFs), a specific subset of entrepreneurial firms that have a propensity to be employment generators in the economy, contribute significantly to employment growth (see, for example, Acs & Mueller, 2008; Acs, Parsons, & Tracy, 2008; Birch & Medoff, 1994; Choi, Robertson, & Rupasingha, 2013, Clayton, Sadeghi, Spletzer, & Talan, 2013; Kirchhoff, 1994; Mason & Brown, 2013; Stangler, 2010; Thurik, 2009). Moreover, authors have called for policy makers to provide HGFs with the resources they need in order to grow (Mason & Brown, 2013; Shane, 2009). However, due to the lack of agreement in the literature on how ...


Water Resilient Cities: Climate Change, Infrastructure, Economies And Governance In The Great Lakes Basin, Wendy A. Kellogg Apr 2016

Water Resilient Cities: Climate Change, Infrastructure, Economies And Governance In The Great Lakes Basin, Wendy A. Kellogg

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Leadership Characteristics And Educational Levels Prevalent Among Senior-Level Fire Service Personnel In The United States, Bernard Becker Iii Apr 2016

Leadership Characteristics And Educational Levels Prevalent Among Senior-Level Fire Service Personnel In The United States, Bernard Becker Iii

Urban Publications

This study examines if a significant correlation exists between leadership characteristics and levels of education of senior-level personnel and the U. S. fire service organizational culture. The purpose of this quantitative descriptive study was to identify leadership characteristics and educational levels among senior-level fire service personnel in the United States. The study included two research questions. What is the prevalent leadership characteristic? What level of education is prevalent among senior-level fire service personnel in the United States? The two independent variables included leadership characteristics and educational levels. The dependent variable is the organizational culture. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire captured the ...


Climate Change, Infrastructure, Economies, And Governance In The Great Lakes Basin, Wendy A. Kellogg Apr 2016

Climate Change, Infrastructure, Economies, And Governance In The Great Lakes Basin, Wendy A. Kellogg

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


2015 Economic Impact Of Companies Funded And/Or Assisted By The Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurial Signature Program, Candi Clouse, Kenneth Kalynchuk Apr 2016

2015 Economic Impact Of Companies Funded And/Or Assisted By The Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurial Signature Program, Candi Clouse, Kenneth Kalynchuk

Urban Publications

This report measures the economic impact of early-stage companies that have been supported by JumpStart Inc. and its partners in the Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurial Signature Program (ESP) in 2015. Companies included in this report have received significant technical assistance and direct investment funding or purely technical assistance from entrepreneurial support organizations in the ESP. It is important to note that North Coast Angel Fund invests in companies throughout Ohio and the economic outcomes generated by these firms are included in the statewide economic impact reported here; while the remainder of the ESP’s entrepreneurial acceleration activities are mostly located in ...


Fiscal And Economic Impact Analysis Of Proposed Nexus Natural Gas Pipeline On The City Of Green, Ohio, Robert A. Simons, Andrew R. Thomas, Iryna Lendel, Bryan Townley Apr 2016

Fiscal And Economic Impact Analysis Of Proposed Nexus Natural Gas Pipeline On The City Of Green, Ohio, Robert A. Simons, Andrew R. Thomas, Iryna Lendel, Bryan Townley

Urban Publications

In 2014 Spectra Energy (“Spectra”) and DTE Energy announced plans to build a high-pressure natural gas transmission pipeline (called “Nexus”) that would run from the Utica-Marcellus region near eastern Ohio across northern Ohio, into Michigan, and ultimately into Chicago and Ontario, Canada. The stated purpose for building the proposed pipeline is to take anticipated “growing” gas supplies produced from the Appalachian Basin to the “high demand” markets in Ohio, Michigan, Chicago and Ontario. Nexus proposes 250 miles of high pressure, 36 inch diameter pipeline capable of carrying around 1.5 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day.

However the ...