Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cleveland State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 510

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Thinking Like A Region In Northeast Ohio? Factors That Predict Local Government Participation In Collaborative Policy And Planning, Meghan Rubado, Joanna Ganning, Thomas Hilde, Wendy A. Kellogg Jun 2020

Thinking Like A Region In Northeast Ohio? Factors That Predict Local Government Participation In Collaborative Policy And Planning, Meghan Rubado, Joanna Ganning, Thomas Hilde, Wendy A. Kellogg

Urban Publications

Local governments in Northeast Ohio often collaborate with one another to provide services, pursue regional initiatives, and create regional plans. Collaborative arrangements can create efficiencies, save money, improve service quality, and boost regional vitality. But they also present costs and risks that leaders must weigh against potential benefits.


From Economic Slowdown To Recession, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza May 2020

From Economic Slowdown To Recession, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza

Urban Publications

The most recent recession, known as the “Great Recession,” began in December 2007 and ended in June 2009. The recession affected the entire U.S., but its impacts were not uniform. Unfortunately, Ohio was a primary example of the recession’s iniquities as the recession lasted five months longer here compared to the rest of the nation. Now, with the COVID-19 pandemic, we face further uncertainty and another recession with economic activity contracting “sharply and abruptly” across the entire U.S. This research brief examines the state of the economy in the U.S. and Northeast Ohio pre-pandemic (2019) and ...


The Role Of Public Transportation In Youngstown, Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Obed Pasha, Georgina Figueroa Apr 2020

The Role Of Public Transportation In Youngstown, Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Obed Pasha, Georgina Figueroa

Urban Publications

The Center analyzed the relationship between public transit availability and employment in the entry-level job hubs. Using a Poisson model for the Youngstown origin-destination matrix, we found that a 10-minute decrease in rush-hour travel times by public transit is expected to increase employment by almost 7%. This means that 224 more residents of each low-income census tract will have access to the entry-level job hubs in Youngstown. As transit agencies are experiencing major disruptions to normal operating procedures because of the COVID-19 pandemic, our findings show that without access to public transportation many people lose prospective employment.


Ohio Workers And The Covid-19 Global Health Emergency, Joseph Andre, Robert Gleeson Mar 2020

Ohio Workers And The Covid-19 Global Health Emergency, Joseph Andre, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

The global economy has never before experienced the scale of sudden economic shock that is now underway. This is unchartered territory. Although the U.S. has many economic policies and worker support programs designed to ease dislocation during recessions, these programs were not designed for the unique circumstances of this global pandemic.

The most important program for workers is Unemployment Insurance. The first chart in this report shows the unprecedented number of new applications for unemployment insurance filed by Ohio workers during the week of March 16th. If all applicants are awarded benefits, the second chart shows that the number ...


Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q1 And Q2 2019, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning Mar 2020

Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q1 And Q2 2019, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning

Urban Publications

This report presents findings from an investigation into shale-related investment in Ohio. The investment estimates are cumulative from January through June of 2019. Prior investments have previously been reported and are available from Cleveland State University. Subsequent reports will estimate additional investment since the date of this report.


How The Midwest Can Lead The Hydrogen Economy: Matching Generation Assets To Distribution Markets In Planning Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure For Trucking And Transit, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas, Michael Triozzi, Peter Psarras Mar 2020

How The Midwest Can Lead The Hydrogen Economy: Matching Generation Assets To Distribution Markets In Planning Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure For Trucking And Transit, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas, Michael Triozzi, Peter Psarras

Urban Publications

Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles provide one important path to decarbonization in transportation, particularly for heavy-duty applications such as transit and trucking. Both fleet types face a common challenge in transitioning to low emission fuels: how to economically support one-to-one replacement of conventional diesel vehicles, especially with respect to range and refueling time. This study explores the regional assets along a major freight corridor from Pittsburgh to Minneapolis that could enable a hydrogen refueling infrastructure for transit agencies and long-haul trucking, the likely early adopters of low-emission hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. Among the assets available along this corridor are ...


"Don't Count Us Out!" Who Is Likely To Be Missed In The 2020 Census?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Feb 2020

"Don't Count Us Out!" Who Is Likely To Be Missed In The 2020 Census?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Targeted for April, the 2020 Census is around the corner. The Census Bureau, news media, state and local governments, and national and local non-profit organizations are all working hard to convince the public that responding to the Census is safe, confidential, and very important.

Yet we know some people will be missed. "Omissions" represent people who should have been counted but were not. In the 2010 Census the national rate of Omissions was 5.3 percent of total population, versus 3.5 in Ohio. Other national rates were: 9.3 percent for African-Americans; 7.7 percent for Hispanics; 3.8 ...


Why Do We Still Conduct A Costly Census Of All U.S. Residents Every Ten Years?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Feb 2020

Why Do We Still Conduct A Costly Census Of All U.S. Residents Every Ten Years?, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Who hasn’t heard that the 2020 Census is upon us? The anticipation and anguish about missing large numbers of persons (again!) is in the news and on social media daily. The Census Bureau is posting daily news releases. Public officials and nonprofit leaders are rallying to get the word out about the importance of the decennial Census. Last year we saw widespread political opposition to the Trump administration’s attempt to add a question about citizenship to the 2020 Census form because opponents argued it would decrease participation within the Hispanic community.

The case for accurate data about all ...


Community Benefit Agreements: A Report For The City Of East Cleveland, Beth Nagy, Matthew Herman, Amber Knapp, Leah Pirrung, Stephanie Lawson, Tisha Barnes, Sy Castells, Cong Wang, Isabella Ziemak, Cameron Caputi, John Curran, Otis Hooper, Clifton Hopkins, Morgan Clark, Madison Hudy, Amanda Biller, Jacqueline Revier, Zach Kramka Jan 2020

Community Benefit Agreements: A Report For The City Of East Cleveland, Beth Nagy, Matthew Herman, Amber Knapp, Leah Pirrung, Stephanie Lawson, Tisha Barnes, Sy Castells, Cong Wang, Isabella Ziemak, Cameron Caputi, John Curran, Otis Hooper, Clifton Hopkins, Morgan Clark, Madison Hudy, Amanda Biller, Jacqueline Revier, Zach Kramka

Urban Publications

Dr. Beth Nagy, Assistant Lecturer of Urban Planning Practice at the Levin College, worked with her UST 489 Senior Seminar class to produce a report for the City of East Cleveland on community benefit agreements (CBAs). Students examined CBAs across major cities throughout the United States to provide the City of East Cleveland with case studies on the different ways CBAs are utilized in other communities, while exploring the successes and limitations such efforts have encountered. The final report was presented to East Cleveland Mayor Brandon L. King in February 2020.


Food Deserts In Urban Areas, Regina Bellian Dec 2019

Food Deserts In Urban Areas, Regina Bellian

The Downtown Review

This paper illustrates the issue of food deserts faced by urban areas in three parts. Part one focuses on defining food deserts and what exactly the term denotes as well as who is affected by their present existence socially, physically, and economically. Part two presents research on some of the current policies and programs in place to address the issue of food deserts and discusses a few of the difficulties in implementing them. These approaches are then further analyzed for effectiveness in varying regions. Part three explores a handful of alternative methods to combat this urban issue in order to ...


Before The New Street: Opportunity Corridor Residents And Jobs, 2017, Robert Gleeson, Joseph Andre Nov 2019

Before The New Street: Opportunity Corridor Residents And Jobs, 2017, Robert Gleeson, Joseph Andre

Urban Publications

The Ohio Department of Transportation is constructing the final portion of “the Opportunity Corridor.” This new 4-6 lane city street in Cleveland will connect I-490 at the 55th Street exit to University Circle by way of 105th Street, which was extended as part of this multi-stage project. The new street will improve commute times for University Circle workers and improve access to the distressed neighborhoods along its path.


Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2018, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning Nov 2019

Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2018, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning

Urban Publications

This report presents findings from an investigation into shale-related investment in Ohio. The investment estimates are cumulative from July through December of 2018. Prior investments have previously been reported and are available from Cleveland State University. Subsequent reports will estimate additional investment since the date of this report.


Gradual Growth In Regional Collaboration In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys Nov 2019

Gradual Growth In Regional Collaboration In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys

Urban Publications

For many, regionalism is the answer to managing city challenges brought about by metropolitan sprawl. Yet regionalism is defined in many ways. Proponents tend to recommend regional tax sharing and/or increased coordination and sharing of services.

For the most part, such efforts have not progressed very far in Northeast Ohio. But the context for local autonomy has changed. Jurisdictions that were fiscally sound now find they are not immune from fiscal constraints.

The first Levin Regional Cooperation Survey, conducted in late 2018, examines regional collaboration efforts in city management and operations among the 57 municipalities in Cuyahoga County, Ohio.


An Analysis Of The Association Between Changes In Ambient Temperature, Fuel Economy, And Vehicle Range For Battery Electric And Fuel Cell Electric Buses, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas, Alison Smyth Nov 2019

An Analysis Of The Association Between Changes In Ambient Temperature, Fuel Economy, And Vehicle Range For Battery Electric And Fuel Cell Electric Buses, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas, Alison Smyth

Urban Publications

This report evaluates the effects of changes in ambient temperature on the fuel efficiency and range of zero emission buses. The report relies on data that was made available from transit agencies that have deployed hydrogen fuel cell and battery electric zero-emission buses. This analysis shows that the fuel economy and range of electric drive buses may vary significantly with changes in outdoor temperature. In planning zero emission fleet development strategy, it is important for transit agencies to understand how their zero-emission bus’s performance may change with temperature. The effects of temperature change on range may be particularly important ...


Estimating Social Costs For Various Fuel Strategies For Transit Buses, Mark Henning Nov 2019

Estimating Social Costs For Various Fuel Strategies For Transit Buses, Mark Henning

Urban Publications

An analysis of the social cost of pollutant emissions for a selection of fuel pathways among heavy duty transit buses using Argonne National Laboratory’s Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and federal guidelines on the social cost per unit mass for major pollutants.


The State Of Rural Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang Oct 2019

The State Of Rural Northeast Ohio, Iryna Demko, Samuel Owusu-Agyemang

Urban Publications

This research brief focuses on industries in eight rural NEO counties: Ashland, Ashtabula, Columbiana, Erie, Huron, Richland, Tuscarawas, and Wayne. These counted produced $30 billion of output and employed 300,000 people in 2018. Output growth in rural NEO counties has outperformed urban NEO and Ohio – much of this growth can be attributed to the Utica Shale development. Tuscarawas county surpassed output growth in all other counties in NEO.


Levin Regional Cooperation Survey, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys Oct 2019

Levin Regional Cooperation Survey, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys

Urban Publications

Regionalism is defined in many ways. Some define it by regional tax sharing and consolidating local units of government into a larger city/county statutory governing arrangement that may encourage equity and efficiency. Notable examples of this include Indianapolis and its “Unigov” consolidation with many surrounding towns, municipalities; as well as the City of Nashville and Davidson County in Tennessee. Other consolidations are bilateral city-to-city policy setting arrangements, such as the Metro Council, that determine growth and development policy for the Twin Cities, Minneapolis-Saint Paul. This study proceeds on the belief that regionalism can also be defined in functional terms ...


Making “The Garden City Of The South”: Beautification, Preservation, And Downtown Planning In Augusta, Georgia, J. Mark Souther Oct 2019

Making “The Garden City Of The South”: Beautification, Preservation, And Downtown Planning In Augusta, Georgia, J. Mark Souther

History Faculty Publications

This article illuminates how a smaller southern city engaged broader planning approaches. Civic leaders, especially women, pushed and partnered with municipal administrations to beautify Augusta, Georgia, a city with extraordinarily wide streets and a long tradition of urban horticulture. Their efforts in the 1900s to 1950s, often in concert with close by planners, led to a confluence of urban beautification, historic preservation, and downtown revitalization in the 1960s. This coordinated activity reshaped Augusta’s cityscape, exacerbated racial tensions, and enshrined principles of the City Beautiful, Garden City, and parks movements long after they receded in large cities, influencing the work ...


Energy Storage Roadmap For Northeast Ohio 2019: Full Report, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas Oct 2019

Energy Storage Roadmap For Northeast Ohio 2019: Full Report, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas

Urban Publications

The 2019 Energy Storage Roadmap examines the trends that are driving growth in energy storage for the electric power grid, transportation, and consumer electronics applications. The report also highlights the commercial and structural assets that Northeast Ohio currently possesses that could enable it to capture an increasing share of what is projected to be a $100 billion market by 2025. While disruptive market forces are causing the ground to shift for the advanced energy industry, this shift will present opportunities for Northeast Ohio to capitalize on innovative technologies being developed regionally that would enable the realization of appreciably greater economic ...


Doctoral Education And The Academic Job Market In Planning: 2018-2019, Joanna Ganning, Georgina Figueroa Sep 2019

Doctoral Education And The Academic Job Market In Planning: 2018-2019, Joanna Ganning, Georgina Figueroa

Urban Publications

This report presents the results from the second year of a planned three-year study on doctoral education and the academic job market in Planning. The Year 2 survey of doctoral programs indicates that programs graduated approximately 270 new PhDs in Planning or closely allied fields during the 2018-2019 academic year—an 8% decrease from the previous academic year. Programs report that approximately 66% of students enroll with aspirations for academic careers. Extrapolating from the survey data, this suggests that of the estimated 270 graduates during academic year 2018-2019, an estimated 179 preferred an academic position. Survey data indicates an estimated ...


Identifying Sector-Based Opportunities To Create Living-Wage Jobs In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Robert Gleeson Sep 2019

Identifying Sector-Based Opportunities To Create Living-Wage Jobs In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

Cuyahoga County’s rate of job growth remains below national averages despite ten years of continual U.S. job growth. Cuyahoga County’s economy has high shares of jobs (Employment Location Quotients above 1.0) in sectors with low national growth rates, and low shares of jobs (ELQ’s below 1.0) in sectors with high national growth rates.


Examining Inclusive Growth: Minority-Owned Firms In The Cleveland-Elyria Msa Brief, Iryna Lendel Sep 2019

Examining Inclusive Growth: Minority-Owned Firms In The Cleveland-Elyria Msa Brief, Iryna Lendel

Urban Publications

This report provides insight on minority business ownership in the 5-county Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area (Cleveland MSA) using data from the 2007 and 2012 U.S. Census Bureau Survey of Business Owners. Minority-owned businesses in the Cleveland MSA represented 20% of all firms in 2012. The majority of these firms, 71%, were owned by African American entrepreneurs (24,618), while 14% (4,959 firms) were Asian-owned. Overall, Asian firms have higher combined sales than African American firms ($1.9 billion versus $972 million); resulting in higher sales per firm. Targeted public policies assisting in revenue generation in the African American ...


Energy Storage Roadmap For Northeast Ohio 2019: Executive Summary, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas Sep 2019

Energy Storage Roadmap For Northeast Ohio 2019: Executive Summary, Mark Henning, Andrew R. Thomas

Urban Publications

A great deal has changed in the energy storage industry since 2011. The way in which people interact with energy in living our lives has continued to undergo fundamental shifts that have become ever more conspicuous. The changing dynamics of not only how the energy we use is generated, but also of how and when it must be deployed to meet our increasing—and increasingly complex—demand for electric power are accelerating the need for more advanced, economical forms of energy storage.

This 2019 Energy Storage Roadmap examines the trends that are driving growth in energy storage for the electric ...


2019 Cuyahoga County Economic Development Plan: Indicators And Projections Brief, Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Matthew B. Ellerbrock Aug 2019

2019 Cuyahoga County Economic Development Plan: Indicators And Projections Brief, Iryna Lendel, Iryna Demko, Matthew B. Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Center For Economic Development Welcomes The White House Opportunity And Revitalization Council And U.S. Eda, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Matthew B. Ellerbrock Aug 2019

Center For Economic Development Welcomes The White House Opportunity And Revitalization Council And U.S. Eda, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Matthew B. Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Update On Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: Competition Continues To Outperform Traditional Monopoly Regulation (Executive Summary), Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Mark Henning, Edward Hill, Adam Kanter Aug 2019

Update On Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: Competition Continues To Outperform Traditional Monopoly Regulation (Executive Summary), Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Mark Henning, Edward Hill, Adam Kanter

Urban Publications

Key Findings at a Glance:

Deregulated Markets Save Ohio Electricity Consumers Billions

  • Since 2011, deregulation has saved Ohio consumers $23.9 billion.
  • The Study Team anticipates that savings will continue for the near term to be around $3 billion per year. However, these savings may be lost, in whole or in part, if deregulated energy markets continue to be undermined by cross subsidies.

Competition Outperforms Monopoly Regulation

  • Competition has driven down average electricity prices in deregulated Midwestern states while their regulated peers have seen a steady increase in price of generated electricity.


Update On Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: Competition Continues To Outperform Traditional Monopoly Regulation (Full Report), Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Mark Henning, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter Aug 2019

Update On Electricity Customer Choice In Ohio: Competition Continues To Outperform Traditional Monopoly Regulation (Full Report), Andrew R. Thomas, William M. Bowen, Mark Henning, Edward W. Hill, Adam Kanter

Urban Publications

The purpose of this study is to provide an update to the research team’s 2016 report “Electricity Customer Choice in Ohio: How Competition Has Outperformed Traditional Monopoly Regulation” using data for 2016 through 2018.

Key Findings:

1. Since 2011, Ohio consumers have saved $23.9 billion because of deregulation.

2. Competition has driven down average electricity prices in deregulated Midwestern states (Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois), while their regulated peers (Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin) have seen a steady increase in price of generated electricity.

3. The Study Team anticipates that savings will continue for the near term to be around $3 billion ...


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2018, Iryna Lendel, Jinhee Yun Jun 2019

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2018, Iryna Lendel, Jinhee Yun

Urban Publications

Economic impact estimates the benefits within the regional economy generated by an economic activity of an entity for an affected region. This study uses an input-output (I-O) model to estimate the effect of NASA Glenn Research Center’s spending on the economies of Northeast Ohio (NEO) and Ohio. This model measures economic impact in terms of growth in output (sales), value added (output less intermediary goods), number of new and supported jobs, labor income, and tax revenues.

This year’s study uses the same methodology to measure NASA Glenn’s impact on the economies of Northeast Ohio and Ohio as ...


Congressional District Boundaries In Ohio: Impact On Voters And Party Representation In The U.S. Congress, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp May 2019

Congressional District Boundaries In Ohio: Impact On Voters And Party Representation In The U.S. Congress, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

On May 3, 2019, a panel of three U.S. Federal court judges in Cincinnati ruled that the boundary lines that have been used since 2011 for all of Ohio’s 16 U.S. Congressional districts are unconstitutional. The court was “…convinced by the evidence that this partisan gerrymander was intentional and effective and that no legitimate justification accounts for its extremity.” The plaintiffs offered testimony and evidence that extreme partisanship was used in 2011 to draw Congressional boundaries, thus denying some voters their constitutional rights. Defendants countered with testimony and evidence that the districts were drawn legally and fairly ...


Local Front Runners: Grids In The 4 Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock May 2019

Local Front Runners: Grids In The 4 Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

Northeast Ohio (NEO) is an 18-county region which encompasses four different Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs); MSAs commonly refer to the labor market of a given area (for this study: the Akron MSA, the Canton-Massillon MSA, the Cleveland-Elyria MSA, a part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA MSA) and remaining rural counties (“non-MSA counties”). Within NEO, these four distinct metro areas have different industry structures. Investigating the internal dynamics of each region’s economic driver industries—what we call Groups of Regional Industry Drivers (GRIDs)—can inform local leaders and economic development practitioners of expanding and emerging industries to foster regional growth.

Economic ...