Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Work Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1994

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 212

Full-Text Articles in Social Work

New Foundations For Scientific Social And Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Katherine Tyson. Reviewed By Gary Mathews, Western Michigan University., Gary Mathews Dec 1994

New Foundations For Scientific Social And Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Katherine Tyson. Reviewed By Gary Mathews, Western Michigan University., Gary Mathews

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Katherine Tyson. New Foundations for Scientific Social and Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995. Hardcover. $48.00.


Juvenile Gangs. Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard And Robert J. Franzese. Springfield, Il: Charles C. Thomas, 1992., James W. Callicut Dec 1994

Juvenile Gangs. Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard And Robert J. Franzese. Springfield, Il: Charles C. Thomas, 1992., James W. Callicut

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard and Robert J. Franzese. Juvenile Gangs. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1992. $54.75 hardcover.


Women, Violence And Crime Prevention. Jalna Hanmer And Sheila Saunders. Dec 1994

Women, Violence And Crime Prevention. Jalna Hanmer And Sheila Saunders.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jalna Hanmer and Sheila Saunders. Women, Violence and Crime Prevention. Aldershot, England: Avebury, 1993. $59.95. (Distributed in the United States by Ashgate Publishing Co., Old Post Road, Brookfield, VT 05036)


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 21, No. 4 (December 1994) Dec 1994

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 21, No. 4 (December 1994)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • IT'S THE BUDGET, STUPID: A POLICY ANALYSIS OF CLINTON'S FIRST BUDGET - James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel
  • STATE WELFARE REFORMS: TYPOLOGY AND ANALYSIS - Malinda B. Orlin
  • NEW OPPORTUNITIES, NEW RESPONSIBILITIES: WELFARE REFORM IN WYOMING - Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies
  • HOW TO HELP THE WORKING POOR DEVELOP ASSETS - John R. Belcher
  • ASSETS AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AMONG POOR HOUSEHOLDS IN EXTREME POVERTY NEIGHBORHOODS - Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton
  • ROOMS FOR THE MISBEGOTTEN: SOCIAL DESIGN AND SOCIAL DEVIANCE - Bruce A. Arrigo
  • SYMBOLIC VIOLENCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL IN THE POST-TOTAL INSTITUTION ERA - John W ...


It's The Budget, Stupid: A Policy Analysis Of Clinton's First Budget, James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel Dec 1994

It's The Budget, Stupid: A Policy Analysis Of Clinton's First Budget, James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper analyzes President Clinton's first budget. Clinton's budget is his public policy. The budget is compared to Clinton's three stated objectives of stimulating the economy, investing in the future and reducing the deficit. His proposed budget and subsequent modifications are also compared to the budgets of previous administrations. In contrast to Reagan's first budget, which was a radical modification of public policy, Clinton's budget is only an incremental change from the public policies of the Reagan/Bush years.


State Welfare Reforms: Typology And Analysis, Malinda B. Orlin Dec 1994

State Welfare Reforms: Typology And Analysis, Malinda B. Orlin

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Recent state initiatives to change the AFDC program are usually described as a unified welfare reform movement with the single goal of decreasing welfare usage. However, analysis of state waiver applications submitted to HHS finds no single purpose in the reforms. Additionally, the net effect of the state experiments would be to increase usage by expanding eligibility.


New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Welfare Reform In Wyoming, Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies Dec 1994

New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Welfare Reform In Wyoming, Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Early experiments with welfare-to-work programs and other welfare reform initiatives had disappointing results, but successful state trial programs since the Family Support Act of 1988 are changing the prevailing wisdom. With evidence that reform can enhance self-sufficiency, many states are embarking on a redefinition of public assistance. Wyoming, a conservative frontier state, is implementing a welfare reform plan that incorporates components shown to be successful elsewhere. In addition to enhanced child support enforcement and workfare, Wyoming welfare reform stresses job preparation, education, and training up to the university level. Degree programs utilize the state's video network and are adapted ...


How To Help The Working Poor Develop Assets, John R. Belcher Dec 1994

How To Help The Working Poor Develop Assets, John R. Belcher

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article explores the inability of the working poor to withstand income shocks. Because they often lack assets, the working poor are increasingly vulnerable to increasing deprivation. Interestingly, the welfare state enables the middle-class to develop and maintain assets through institutional arrangements. It is argued that solutions to the problem of poverty must include ways for the working poor also to develop and maintain assets.


Assets And Financial Management Among Poor Households In Extreme Poverty Neighborhoods, Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton Dec 1994

Assets And Financial Management Among Poor Households In Extreme Poverty Neighborhoods, Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Proposals supporting the accumulation of assets in poor households are hopeful of creating upward mobility. The experiences of poor families in managing assets and other elements of daily economic life were explored through interviews with low-income Hispanic and Anglo families. All families exhibited planning and management skills needed for assets accumulation, but were unable to escape the effects of unrewarding neighborhood environments. Assets did not provide clear avenues out of poverty. If assets-based programs are to raise the economic status of poor families in extreme poverty neighborhoods they must include mechanisms to protect value and reduce uncertainty.


Rooms For The Misbegotten: Social Design And Social Deviance, Bruce A. Arrigo Dec 1994

Rooms For The Misbegotten: Social Design And Social Deviance, Bruce A. Arrigo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Housing strategies designed to create a sense of community for our nation's at-risk and poverty-stricken citizens continue to be a source of debate. One major issue is the degree to which criminal behavior exists within these environments. In this article, the results from a seven year study of one single room occupancy (SRO) facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania are described. Analysis of two models used for intervening with the vulnerable tenant population of the SRO suggest that a "strengthfocused" strategy rather than a "need- focused" approach may be more effective in reducing crime and may contribute to the establishment of ...


Symbolic Violence And Social Control In The Post-Total Institution Era, John W. Murphy, John T. Pardeck, Woo Sik Chung, Jung Min Choi Dec 1994

Symbolic Violence And Social Control In The Post-Total Institution Era, John W. Murphy, John T. Pardeck, Woo Sik Chung, Jung Min Choi

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Subsequent to the passage of the Community Mental Health Act in 1963, the "Total Institutions" described by Goffman have for the most part disappeared. Nonetheless, many writers charge that social control is still the primary function of mental health programs, even those that are identified as community-based. The new methods of control have not received widespread attention. In community-based programs control is operationalized in the form of "symbolic violence." This paper examines the various factors that contribute to this style of violence.


Defining Success: The Politics Of Evaluation In Alcohol And Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, James L. Wolk, David J. Hartmann, William P. Sullivan Dec 1994

Defining Success: The Politics Of Evaluation In Alcohol And Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, James L. Wolk, David J. Hartmann, William P. Sullivan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Alcohol and drug abuse treatment programs must respond to several important stakeholders or beneficiaries of services who have an investment in how success is defined. Utilizing data from recent statewide studies of treatment outcomes of alcohol and drug abuse services, this paper concludes that a strict adherence to an abstinence-only model of success, rigidly adopted by many in the treatment industry is counterproductive. Multiple measures of success are essential to fully understand and assess a changing model of intervention in the chemical dependency field.


Analyzing Administrative Experiences: Feminist, Labor, And Organizational Culture Perspectives, Joan L. Arches, Paula Schneider Dec 1994

Analyzing Administrative Experiences: Feminist, Labor, And Organizational Culture Perspectives, Joan L. Arches, Paula Schneider

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A framework is offered for making organizational assessment for change using feminist, labor, and organizational culture perspectives. A vision of a humane work environment is important. The labor literature provides the critical analysis, the feminist perspective provides alternatives, and the concept of organizational culture provides the tool for assessment. Based on an exploratory study with women administrators, the authors look at how differences in values are reflected in the administration and structure of feminist and traditional agencies.


Community Disorders And Policing. Tony Marshall. Reviewed By William G. Archambeault, Louisiana State University., William G. Archambeault Dec 1994

Community Disorders And Policing. Tony Marshall. Reviewed By William G. Archambeault, Louisiana State University., William G. Archambeault

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Tony Marshall, Community Disorders and Policing. Concord, MA: Paul & Co., 1992. $29.95, Papercover.


Gangs: The Origins And Impact Of Contemporary Youth Gangs In The United States. Scott Cummings And Daniel J. Monti. Reviewed By James W. Callicut, The University Of Texas At Arlington., James W. Callicut Dec 1994

Gangs: The Origins And Impact Of Contemporary Youth Gangs In The United States. Scott Cummings And Daniel J. Monti. Reviewed By James W. Callicut, The University Of Texas At Arlington., James W. Callicut

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Scott Cummings and Daniel J. Monti (Eds). Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. $59.50 hardcover; $19.95 papercover.


Policy And Society. Roy R. Roberg And Jack Kuykendall. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Larry A. Gould Dec 1994

Policy And Society. Roy R. Roberg And Jack Kuykendall. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Larry A. Gould

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Roy R. Roberg and Jack Kuykendall. Police and Society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1993. $30.00 hardcover.


Crime And Punishment In American History. Lawrence M. Friedman. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University, James Midgley Dec 1994

Crime And Punishment In American History. Lawrence M. Friedman. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University, James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Lawrence M. Friedman. Crime and Punishment in American History. New York: Basic Books, 1993. $30 hardcover.


Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects Of Professional Practice. Robert L. Baker And Douglas M. Branson. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Margaret M. Severson Dec 1994

Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects Of Professional Practice. Robert L. Baker And Douglas M. Branson. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Margaret M. Severson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Robert L. Barker and Douglas M. Branson. Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects of Professional Practice. New York, Haworth Press, 1993. $15.95 papercover.


Discretion In Criminal Justice: The Tension Between Individualization And Uniformity. Lloyd E. Ohlin And Frank J. Remmington. Dec 1994

Discretion In Criminal Justice: The Tension Between Individualization And Uniformity. Lloyd E. Ohlin And Frank J. Remmington.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Lloyd E. Ohlin and Frank J. Remmington (Eds.). Discretion in Criminal Justice: The Tension between Individualization and Uniformity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. $65.50 hardcover. $21.95 papercover.


Theories Of Deviance. Stuart H. Traub And Craig B. Little. Dec 1994

Theories Of Deviance. Stuart H. Traub And Craig B. Little.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Stuart H. Traub and Craig B. Little (Eds.). Theories of Deviance (Fourth edition). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock, 1994. $30.00 papercover.


Inequality, Crime And Control. George S. Bridges And Martha Myers. Dec 1994

Inequality, Crime And Control. George S. Bridges And Martha Myers.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

George S. Bridges and Martha Myers (Eds.), Inequality, Crime and Control. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. $59.95 hardcover; $22.95 papercover.


Wheeling And Dealing: An Ethnography Of An Upper-Level Drug Dealing And Smuggling Community. Patricia A. Adler. Dec 1994

Wheeling And Dealing: An Ethnography Of An Upper-Level Drug Dealing And Smuggling Community. Patricia A. Adler.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Patricia A. Adler. Wheeling and Dealing: An Ethnography of an Upper-level Drug Dealing and Smuggling Community. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. $45.00 hardcover; $14.00 papercover.


The Rise And Fall Of California's Radical Prison Movement. Eric Cummins. Dec 1994

The Rise And Fall Of California's Radical Prison Movement. Eric Cummins.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Eric Cummins: The Rise and Fall of California's Radical Prison Movement. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. $45.00 hardcover; $16.95 papercover.


Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs In A Free Society. Ronald Bayer And Gerald M. Oppenheimer. Dec 1994

Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs In A Free Society. Ronald Bayer And Gerald M. Oppenheimer.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Ronald Bayer and Gerald M. Oppenheimer (Eds.). Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs in a Free Society. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. $59.95 hardcover; $19.95 papercover.


Contructionist Controversies. Gale Miller And James A. Holstein. Dec 1994

Contructionist Controversies. Gale Miller And James A. Holstein.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Gale Miller and James A. Holstein (Eds.). Constructionist Controversies. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1993. $22.95 papercover. James A. Holstein and Gale Miller (Eds.). Reconsidering Social Constructionism. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de gruyter, 1993. $74.95 hardcover.


Correlates And Consequences Of Early Initiation Of Sexual Intercourse, Ann L. Coker, Donna L. Richter, Robert F. Valois, Robert E. Mckeown, Carol Z. Garrison, Murray L. Vincent Nov 1994

Correlates And Consequences Of Early Initiation Of Sexual Intercourse, Ann L. Coker, Donna L. Richter, Robert F. Valois, Robert E. Mckeown, Carol Z. Garrison, Murray L. Vincent

CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles

This cross-sectional analysis of the 1991 CDC Youth Risk Behavior Survey explored factors associated with an early age at first sexual intercourse. Almost 18% of White males, 49% of Black males, 5% of White females and 12% of Black females were sexually active before age 13. Carrying a weapon to school, fighting, and early (< age 13) experimentation with cigarettes and alcohol were associated with early initiation of sexual activity for all four race and gender groupings. Those initiating sexual activity early had greater numbers of partners but were 50% less likely to use condoms regularly and were two-seven times more likely to have been pregnant or caused a pregnancy. Females who initiated sexual activity early were more likely to have had a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Interventions to postpone sexual activity need to be tailored to the ethnic and gender differences observed in these analyses. Interventions must begin before age 13 and should be comprehensive school-based efforts.


Social Work And Social Issues: The Caribbean, John A. Maxwell Oct 1994

Social Work And Social Issues: The Caribbean, John A. Maxwell

Center for International Social Work: Inaugural Conference (1994)

No abstract provided.


Stimulus, Vol. 18, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work Oct 1994

Stimulus, Vol. 18, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work

Stimulus Alumni Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Getting In While The Going's Tough: Entry In Thewisconsin Farm Sector, Douglas B. Jackson-Smith Oct 1994

Getting In While The Going's Tough: Entry In Thewisconsin Farm Sector, Douglas B. Jackson-Smith

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

In recent years, there has been growing public attention to an apparent decline in the rate at which young people have been entering the Wisconsin farm sector. Interest in farm entry arises from a public policy concern that if too few young people enter farming in the coming decade, the viability of the Wisconsin farm sector in general, and the dairy industry in particular, could be threatened. A number of public and private initiatives to assist beginning farmers have been proposed, and a few programs including subsidized loans and planning for a computerized land-link system to match entering and exiting ...


Social Corporatism: A Superior Economic System. Hukka Pekkarinen, Matti Pohjola, And Bob Rowthorn. Reviewed By James Midgeley, Louisiana State University., James Midgeley Sep 1994

Social Corporatism: A Superior Economic System. Hukka Pekkarinen, Matti Pohjola, And Bob Rowthorn. Reviewed By James Midgeley, Louisiana State University., James Midgeley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jukka Pekkarinen, Matti Pohjola and Bob Rowthorn (Eds.). Social Corporatism: A Superior Economic System. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. $95.00 hardcover.